Commit 38c5d72f authored by KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki's avatar KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki Committed by Linus Torvalds

memcg: simplify LRU handling by new rule

Now, at LRU handling, memory cgroup needs to do complicated works to see
valid pc->mem_cgroup, which may be overwritten.

This patch is for relaxing the protocol. This patch guarantees
   - when pc->mem_cgroup is overwritten, page must not be on LRU.

By this, LRU routine can believe pc->mem_cgroup and don't need to check
bits on pc->flags.  This new rule may adds small overheads to swapin.  But
in most case, lru handling gets faster.

After this patch, PCG_ACCT_LRU bit is obsolete and removed.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: remove unneeded VM_BUG_ON(), restore hannes's christmas tree]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: clean up code comment]
[hughd@google.com: fix NULL mem_cgroup_try_charge]
Signed-off-by: default avatarKAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Miklos Szeredi <mszeredi@suse.cz>
Acked-by: default avatarMichal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Acked-by: default avatarJohannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Ying Han <yinghan@google.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarHugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
parent 4e5f01c2
......@@ -10,8 +10,6 @@ enum {
/* flags for mem_cgroup and file and I/O status */
PCG_MOVE_LOCK, /* For race between move_account v.s. following bits */
PCG_FILE_MAPPED, /* page is accounted as "mapped" */
/* No lock in page_cgroup */
PCG_ACCT_LRU, /* page has been accounted for (under lru_lock) */
__NR_PCG_FLAGS,
};
......@@ -75,12 +73,6 @@ TESTPCGFLAG(Used, USED)
CLEARPCGFLAG(Used, USED)
SETPCGFLAG(Used, USED)
SETPCGFLAG(AcctLRU, ACCT_LRU)
CLEARPCGFLAG(AcctLRU, ACCT_LRU)
TESTPCGFLAG(AcctLRU, ACCT_LRU)
TESTCLEARPCGFLAG(AcctLRU, ACCT_LRU)
SETPCGFLAG(FileMapped, FILE_MAPPED)
CLEARPCGFLAG(FileMapped, FILE_MAPPED)
TESTPCGFLAG(FileMapped, FILE_MAPPED)
......
......@@ -1040,30 +1040,7 @@ struct lruvec *mem_cgroup_lru_add_list(struct zone *zone, struct page *page,
return &zone->lruvec;
pc = lookup_page_cgroup(page);
VM_BUG_ON(PageCgroupAcctLRU(pc));
/*
* putback: charge:
* SetPageLRU SetPageCgroupUsed
* smp_mb smp_mb
* PageCgroupUsed && add to memcg LRU PageLRU && add to memcg LRU
*
* Ensure that one of the two sides adds the page to the memcg
* LRU during a race.
*/
smp_mb();
/*
* If the page is uncharged, it may be freed soon, but it
* could also be swap cache (readahead, swapoff) that needs to
* be reclaimable in the future. root_mem_cgroup will babysit
* it for the time being.
*/
if (PageCgroupUsed(pc)) {
/* Ensure pc->mem_cgroup is visible after reading PCG_USED. */
smp_rmb();
memcg = pc->mem_cgroup;
SetPageCgroupAcctLRU(pc);
} else
memcg = root_mem_cgroup;
memcg = pc->mem_cgroup;
mz = page_cgroup_zoneinfo(memcg, page);
/* compound_order() is stabilized through lru_lock */
MEM_CGROUP_ZSTAT(mz, lru) += 1 << compound_order(page);
......@@ -1090,18 +1067,8 @@ void mem_cgroup_lru_del_list(struct page *page, enum lru_list lru)
return;
pc = lookup_page_cgroup(page);
/*
* root_mem_cgroup babysits uncharged LRU pages, but
* PageCgroupUsed is cleared when the page is about to get
* freed. PageCgroupAcctLRU remembers whether the
* LRU-accounting happened against pc->mem_cgroup or
* root_mem_cgroup.
*/
if (TestClearPageCgroupAcctLRU(pc)) {
VM_BUG_ON(!pc->mem_cgroup);
memcg = pc->mem_cgroup;
} else
memcg = root_mem_cgroup;
memcg = pc->mem_cgroup;
VM_BUG_ON(!memcg);
mz = page_cgroup_zoneinfo(memcg, page);
/* huge page split is done under lru_lock. so, we have no races. */
MEM_CGROUP_ZSTAT(mz, lru) -= 1 << compound_order(page);
......@@ -2217,8 +2184,25 @@ static int mem_cgroup_do_charge(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, gfp_t gfp_mask,
}
/*
* Unlike exported interface, "oom" parameter is added. if oom==true,
* oom-killer can be invoked.
* __mem_cgroup_try_charge() does
* 1. detect memcg to be charged against from passed *mm and *ptr,
* 2. update res_counter
* 3. call memory reclaim if necessary.
*
* In some special case, if the task is fatal, fatal_signal_pending() or
* has TIF_MEMDIE, this function returns -EINTR while writing root_mem_cgroup
* to *ptr. There are two reasons for this. 1: fatal threads should quit as soon
* as possible without any hazards. 2: all pages should have a valid
* pc->mem_cgroup. If mm is NULL and the caller doesn't pass a valid memcg
* pointer, that is treated as a charge to root_mem_cgroup.
*
* So __mem_cgroup_try_charge() will return
* 0 ... on success, filling *ptr with a valid memcg pointer.
* -ENOMEM ... charge failure because of resource limits.
* -EINTR ... if thread is fatal. *ptr is filled with root_mem_cgroup.
*
* Unlike the exported interface, an "oom" parameter is added. if oom==true,
* the oom-killer can be invoked.
*/
static int __mem_cgroup_try_charge(struct mm_struct *mm,
gfp_t gfp_mask,
......@@ -2247,7 +2231,7 @@ static int __mem_cgroup_try_charge(struct mm_struct *mm,
* set, if so charge the init_mm (happens for pagecache usage).
*/
if (!*ptr && !mm)
goto bypass;
*ptr = root_mem_cgroup;
again:
if (*ptr) { /* css should be a valid one */
memcg = *ptr;
......@@ -2273,7 +2257,9 @@ again:
* task-struct. So, mm->owner can be NULL.
*/
memcg = mem_cgroup_from_task(p);
if (!memcg || mem_cgroup_is_root(memcg)) {
if (!memcg)
memcg = root_mem_cgroup;
if (mem_cgroup_is_root(memcg)) {
rcu_read_unlock();
goto done;
}
......@@ -2348,8 +2334,8 @@ nomem:
*ptr = NULL;
return -ENOMEM;
bypass:
*ptr = NULL;
return 0;
*ptr = root_mem_cgroup;
return -EINTR;
}
/*
......@@ -2457,6 +2443,7 @@ static void __mem_cgroup_commit_charge(struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
mem_cgroup_charge_statistics(memcg, PageCgroupCache(pc), nr_pages);
unlock_page_cgroup(pc);
WARN_ON_ONCE(PageLRU(page));
/*
* "charge_statistics" updated event counter. Then, check it.
* Insert ancestor (and ancestor's ancestors), to softlimit RB-tree.
......@@ -2468,7 +2455,7 @@ static void __mem_cgroup_commit_charge(struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
#ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE
#define PCGF_NOCOPY_AT_SPLIT ((1 << PCG_LOCK) | (1 << PCG_MOVE_LOCK) |\
(1 << PCG_ACCT_LRU) | (1 << PCG_MIGRATION))
(1 << PCG_MIGRATION))
/*
* Because tail pages are not marked as "used", set it. We're under
* zone->lru_lock, 'splitting on pmd' and compound_lock.
......@@ -2478,7 +2465,9 @@ static void __mem_cgroup_commit_charge(struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
void mem_cgroup_split_huge_fixup(struct page *head)
{
struct page_cgroup *head_pc = lookup_page_cgroup(head);
struct mem_cgroup_per_zone *mz;
struct page_cgroup *pc;
enum lru_list lru;
int i;
if (mem_cgroup_disabled())
......@@ -2487,23 +2476,15 @@ void mem_cgroup_split_huge_fixup(struct page *head)
pc = head_pc + i;
pc->mem_cgroup = head_pc->mem_cgroup;
smp_wmb();/* see __commit_charge() */
/*
* LRU flags cannot be copied because we need to add tail
* page to LRU by generic call and our hooks will be called.
*/
pc->flags = head_pc->flags & ~PCGF_NOCOPY_AT_SPLIT;
}
if (PageCgroupAcctLRU(head_pc)) {
enum lru_list lru;
struct mem_cgroup_per_zone *mz;
/*
* We hold lru_lock, then, reduce counter directly.
*/
lru = page_lru(head);
mz = page_cgroup_zoneinfo(head_pc->mem_cgroup, head);
MEM_CGROUP_ZSTAT(mz, lru) -= HPAGE_PMD_NR - 1;
}
/*
* Tail pages will be added to LRU.
* We hold lru_lock,then,reduce counter directly.
*/
lru = page_lru(head);
mz = page_cgroup_zoneinfo(head_pc->mem_cgroup, head);
MEM_CGROUP_ZSTAT(mz, lru) -= HPAGE_PMD_NR - 1;
}
#endif
......@@ -2620,7 +2601,7 @@ static int mem_cgroup_move_parent(struct page *page,
parent = mem_cgroup_from_cont(pcg);
ret = __mem_cgroup_try_charge(NULL, gfp_mask, nr_pages, &parent, false);
if (ret || !parent)
if (ret)
goto put_back;
if (nr_pages > 1)
......@@ -2667,9 +2648,8 @@ static int mem_cgroup_charge_common(struct page *page, struct mm_struct *mm,
pc = lookup_page_cgroup(page);
ret = __mem_cgroup_try_charge(mm, gfp_mask, nr_pages, &memcg, oom);
if (ret || !memcg)
if (ret == -ENOMEM)
return ret;
__mem_cgroup_commit_charge(memcg, page, nr_pages, pc, ctype);
return 0;
}
......@@ -2736,10 +2716,9 @@ int mem_cgroup_cache_charge(struct page *page, struct mm_struct *mm,
if (!page_is_file_cache(page))
type = MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_SHMEM;
if (!PageSwapCache(page)) {
if (!PageSwapCache(page))
ret = mem_cgroup_charge_common(page, mm, gfp_mask, type);
WARN_ON_ONCE(PageLRU(page));
} else { /* page is swapcache/shmem */
else { /* page is swapcache/shmem */
ret = mem_cgroup_try_charge_swapin(mm, page, gfp_mask, &memcg);
if (!ret)
__mem_cgroup_commit_charge_swapin(page, memcg, type);
......@@ -2781,11 +2760,16 @@ int mem_cgroup_try_charge_swapin(struct mm_struct *mm,
*memcgp = memcg;
ret = __mem_cgroup_try_charge(NULL, mask, 1, memcgp, true);
css_put(&memcg->css);
if (ret == -EINTR)
ret = 0;
return ret;
charge_cur_mm:
if (unlikely(!mm))
mm = &init_mm;
return __mem_cgroup_try_charge(mm, mask, 1, memcgp, true);
ret = __mem_cgroup_try_charge(mm, mask, 1, memcgp, true);
if (ret == -EINTR)
ret = 0;
return ret;
}
static void
......@@ -3245,7 +3229,7 @@ int mem_cgroup_prepare_migration(struct page *page,
*memcgp = memcg;
ret = __mem_cgroup_try_charge(NULL, gfp_mask, 1, memcgp, false);
css_put(&memcg->css);/* drop extra refcnt */
if (ret || *memcgp == NULL) {
if (ret) {
if (PageAnon(page)) {
lock_page_cgroup(pc);
ClearPageCgroupMigration(pc);
......@@ -3255,6 +3239,7 @@ int mem_cgroup_prepare_migration(struct page *page,
*/
mem_cgroup_uncharge_page(page);
}
/* we'll need to revisit this error code (we have -EINTR) */
return -ENOMEM;
}
/*
......@@ -3674,7 +3659,7 @@ static int mem_cgroup_force_empty_list(struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
pc = lookup_page_cgroup(page);
ret = mem_cgroup_move_parent(page, pc, memcg, GFP_KERNEL);
if (ret == -ENOMEM)
if (ret == -ENOMEM || ret == -EINTR)
break;
if (ret == -EBUSY || ret == -EINVAL) {
......@@ -5065,9 +5050,9 @@ one_by_one:
}
ret = __mem_cgroup_try_charge(NULL,
GFP_KERNEL, 1, &memcg, false);
if (ret || !memcg)
if (ret)
/* mem_cgroup_clear_mc() will do uncharge later */
return -ENOMEM;
return ret;
mc.precharge++;
}
return ret;
......
Markdown is supported
0% or .
You are about to add 0 people to the discussion. Proceed with caution.
Finish editing this message first!
Please register or to comment