Commit 29c77870 authored by Mel Gorman's avatar Mel Gorman Committed by Linus Torvalds

mm: use paravirt friendly ops for NUMA hinting ptes

David Vrabel identified a regression when using automatic NUMA balancing
under Xen whereby page table entries were getting corrupted due to the
use of native PTE operations.  Quoting him

	Xen PV guest page tables require that their entries use machine
	addresses if the preset bit (_PAGE_PRESENT) is set, and (for
	successful migration) non-present PTEs must use pseudo-physical
	addresses.  This is because on migration MFNs in present PTEs are
	translated to PFNs (canonicalised) so they may be translated back
	to the new MFN in the destination domain (uncanonicalised).

	pte_mknonnuma(), pmd_mknonnuma(), pte_mknuma() and pmd_mknuma()
	set and clear the _PAGE_PRESENT bit using pte_set_flags(),
	pte_clear_flags(), etc.

	In a Xen PV guest, these functions must translate MFNs to PFNs
	when clearing _PAGE_PRESENT and translate PFNs to MFNs when setting

His suggested fix converted p[te|md]_[set|clear]_flags to using
paravirt-friendly ops but this is overkill.  He suggested an alternative
of using p[te|md]_modify in the NUMA page table operations but this is
does more work than necessary and would require looking up a VMA for

This patch modifies the NUMA page table operations to use paravirt
friendly operations to set/clear the flags of interest.  Unfortunately
this will take a performance hit when updating the PTEs on
CONFIG_PARAVIRT but I do not see a way around it that does not break
Signed-off-by: default avatarMel Gorman <>
Acked-by: default avatarDavid Vrabel <>
Tested-by: default avatarDavid Vrabel <>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <>
Cc: Peter Anvin <>
Cc: Fengguang Wu <>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <>
Cc: Steven Noonan <>
Cc: Rik van Riel <>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <>
Cc: Dave Hansen <>
Cc: Srikar Dronamraju <>
Cc: Cyrill Gorcunov <>
Cc: <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <>
parent 8229f1a0
......@@ -693,24 +693,35 @@ static inline int pmd_numa(pmd_t pmd)
#ifndef pte_mknonnuma
static inline pte_t pte_mknonnuma(pte_t pte)
pte = pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_NUMA);
return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_PRESENT|_PAGE_ACCESSED);
pteval_t val = pte_val(pte);
val &= ~_PAGE_NUMA;
return __pte(val);
#ifndef pmd_mknonnuma
static inline pmd_t pmd_mknonnuma(pmd_t pmd)
pmd = pmd_clear_flags(pmd, _PAGE_NUMA);
return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_PRESENT|_PAGE_ACCESSED);
pmdval_t val = pmd_val(pmd);
val &= ~_PAGE_NUMA;
return __pmd(val);
#ifndef pte_mknuma
static inline pte_t pte_mknuma(pte_t pte)
pte = pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_NUMA);
return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_PRESENT);
pteval_t val = pte_val(pte);
val &= ~_PAGE_PRESENT;
val |= _PAGE_NUMA;
return __pte(val);
......@@ -729,8 +740,12 @@ static inline void ptep_set_numa(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr,
#ifndef pmd_mknuma
static inline pmd_t pmd_mknuma(pmd_t pmd)
pmd = pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_NUMA);
return pmd_clear_flags(pmd, _PAGE_PRESENT);
pmdval_t val = pmd_val(pmd);
val &= ~_PAGE_PRESENT;
val |= _PAGE_NUMA;
return __pmd(val);
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