Commit 1f364c8c authored by Marc Zyngier's avatar Marc Zyngier
Browse files

arm64: VHE: Add support for running Linux in EL2 mode

With ARMv8.1 VHE, the architecture is able to (almost) transparently
run the kernel at EL2, despite being written for EL1.

This patch takes care of the "almost" part, mostly preventing the kernel
from dropping from EL2 to EL1, and setting up the HYP configuration.
Reviewed-by: default avatarChristoffer Dall <>
Acked-by: default avatarCatalin Marinas <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarMarc Zyngier <>
parent ae7e27fe
......@@ -750,6 +750,19 @@ config ARM64_LSE_ATOMICS
not support these instructions and requires the kernel to be
built with binutils >= 2.25.
config ARM64_VHE
bool "Enable support for Virtualization Host Extensions (VHE)"
default y
Virtualization Host Extensions (VHE) allow the kernel to run
directly at EL2 (instead of EL1) on processors that support
it. This leads to better performance for KVM, as they reduce
the cost of the world switch.
Selecting this option allows the VHE feature to be detected
at runtime, and does not affect processors that do not
implement this feature.
......@@ -30,6 +30,7 @@
#include <asm/cache.h>
#include <asm/cputype.h>
#include <asm/kernel-pgtable.h>
#include <asm/kvm_arm.h>
#include <asm/memory.h>
#include <asm/pgtable-hwdef.h>
#include <asm/pgtable.h>
......@@ -464,9 +465,27 @@ CPU_LE( bic x0, x0, #(3 << 24) ) // Clear the EE and E0E bits for EL1
* Check for VHE being present. For the rest of the EL2 setup,
* x2 being non-zero indicates that we do have VHE, and that the
* kernel is intended to run at EL2.
mrs x2, id_aa64mmfr1_el1
ubfx x2, x2, #8, #4
mov x2, xzr
/* Hyp configuration. */
2: mov x0, #(1 << 31) // 64-bit EL1
mov x0, #HCR_RW // 64-bit EL1
cbz x2, set_hcr
orr x0, x0, #HCR_TGE // Enable Host Extensions
orr x0, x0, #HCR_E2H
msr hcr_el2, x0
/* Generic timers. */
mrs x0, cnthctl_el2
......@@ -526,6 +545,13 @@ CPU_LE( movk x0, #0x30d0, lsl #16 ) // Clear EE and E0E on LE systems
/* Stage-2 translation */
msr vttbr_el2, xzr
cbz x2, install_el2_stub
mov w20, #BOOT_CPU_MODE_EL2 // This CPU booted in EL2
/* Hypervisor stub */
adrp x0, __hyp_stub_vectors
add x0, x0, #:lo12:__hyp_stub_vectors
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