Commit 1f211a1b authored by Daniel Borkmann's avatar Daniel Borkmann Committed by David S. Miller
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net, sched: add clsact qdisc

This work adds a generalization of the ingress qdisc as a qdisc holding
only classifiers. The clsact qdisc works on ingress, but also on egress.
In both cases, it's execution happens without taking the qdisc lock, and
the main difference for the egress part compared to prior version of [1]
is that this can be applied with _any_ underlying real egress qdisc (also
classless ones).

Besides solving the use-case of [1], that is, allowing for more programmability
on assigning skb->priority for the mqprio case that is supported by most
popular 10G+ NICs, it also opens up a lot more flexibility for other tc
applications. The main work on classification can already be done at clsact
egress time if the use-case allows and state stored for later retrieval
f.e. again in skb->priority with major/minors (which is checked by most
classful qdiscs before consulting tc_classify()) and/or in other skb fields
like skb->tc_index for some light-weight post-processing to get to the
eventual classid in case of a classful qdisc. Another use case is that
the clsact egress part allows to have a central egress counterpart to
the ingress classifiers, so that classifiers can easily share state (e.g.
in cls_bpf via eBPF maps) for ingress and egress.

Currently, default setups like mq + pfifo_fast would require for this to
use, for example, prio qdisc instead (to get a tc_classify() run) and to
duplicate the egress classifier for each queue. With clsact, it allows
for leaving the setup as is, it can additionally assign skb->priority to
put the skb in one of pfifo_fast's bands and it can share state with maps.
Moreover, we can access the skb's dst entry (f.e. to retrieve tclassid)
w/o the need to perform a skb_dst_force() to hold on to it any longer. In
lwt case, we can also use this facility to setup dst metadata via cls_bpf
(bpf_skb_set_tunnel_key()) without needing a real egress qdisc just for
that (case of IFF_NO_QUEUE devices, for example).

The realization can be done without any changes to the scheduler core
framework. All it takes is that we have two a-priori defined minors/child
classes, where we can mux between ingress and egress classifier list
(dev->ingress_cl_list and dev->egress_cl_list, latter stored close to
dev->_tx to avoid extra cacheline miss for moderate loads). The egress
part is a bit similar modelled to handle_ing() and patched to a noop in
case the functionality is not used. Both handlers are now called
sch_handle_ingress() and sch_handle_egress(), code sharing among the two
doesn't seem practical as there are various minor differences in both
paths, so that making them conditional in a single handler would rather
slow things down.

Full compatibility to ingress qdisc is provided as well. Since both
piggyback on TC_H_CLSACT, only one of them (ingress/clsact) can exist
per netdevice, and thus ingress qdisc specific behaviour can be retained
for user space. This means, either a user does 'tc qdisc add dev foo ingress'
and configures ingress qdisc as usual, or the 'tc qdisc add dev foo clsact'
alternative, where both, ingress and egress classifier can be configured
as in the below example. ingress qdisc supports attaching classifier to any
minor number whereas clsact has two fixed minors for muxing between the
lists, therefore to not break user space setups, they are better done as
two separate qdiscs.

I decided to extend the sch_ingress module with clsact functionality so
that commonly used code can be reused, the module is being aliased with
sch_clsact so that it can be auto-loaded properly. Alternative would have been
to add a flag when initializing ingress to alter its behaviour plus aliasing
to a different name (as it's more than just ingress). However, the first would
end up, based on the flag, choosing the new/old behaviour by calling different
function implementations to handle each anyway, the latter would require to
register ingress qdisc once again under different alias. So, this really begs
to provide a minimal, cleaner approach to have Qdisc_ops and Qdisc_class_ops
by its own that share callbacks used by both.

Example, adding qdisc:

   # tc qdisc add dev foo clsact
   # tc qdisc show dev foo
   qdisc mq 0: root
   qdisc pfifo_fast 0: parent :1 bands 3 priomap  1 2 2 2 1 2 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
   qdisc pfifo_fast 0: parent :2 bands 3 priomap  1 2 2 2 1 2 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
   qdisc pfifo_fast 0: parent :3 bands 3 priomap  1 2 2 2 1 2 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
   qdisc pfifo_fast 0: parent :4 bands 3 priomap  1 2 2 2 1 2 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
   qdisc clsact ffff: parent ffff:fff1

Adding filters (deleting, etc works analogous by specifying ingress/egress):

   # tc filter add dev foo ingress bpf da obj bar.o sec ingress
   # tc filter add dev foo egress  bpf da obj bar.o sec egress
   # tc filter show dev foo ingress
   filter protocol all pref 49152 bpf
   filter protocol all pref 49152 bpf handle 0x1 bar.o:[ingress] direct-action
   # tc filter show dev foo egress
   filter protocol all pref 49152 bpf
   filter protocol all pref 49152 bpf handle 0x1 bar.o:[egress] direct-action

A 'tc filter show dev foo' or 'tc filter show dev foo parent ffff:' will
show an empty list for clsact. Either using the parent names (ingress/egress)
or specifying the full major/minor will then show the related filter lists.

Prior work on a mqprio prequeue() facility [1] was done mainly by John Fastabend.

  [1] http://patchwork.ozlabs.org/patch/512949/

Signed-off-by: default avatarDaniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Acked-by: default avatarJohn Fastabend <john.r.fastabend@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
parent ede55997
......@@ -1739,7 +1739,9 @@ struct net_device {
#ifdef CONFIG_XPS
struct xps_dev_maps __rcu *xps_maps;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT
struct tcf_proto __rcu *egress_cl_list;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_NET_SWITCHDEV
u32 offload_fwd_mark;
#endif
......
......@@ -84,6 +84,11 @@ void net_inc_ingress_queue(void);
void net_dec_ingress_queue(void);
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_NET_EGRESS
void net_inc_egress_queue(void);
void net_dec_egress_queue(void);
#endif
extern void rtnetlink_init(void);
extern void __rtnl_unlock(void);
......
......@@ -72,6 +72,10 @@ struct tc_estimator {
#define TC_H_UNSPEC (0U)
#define TC_H_ROOT (0xFFFFFFFFU)
#define TC_H_INGRESS (0xFFFFFFF1U)
#define TC_H_CLSACT TC_H_INGRESS
#define TC_H_MIN_INGRESS 0xFFF2U
#define TC_H_MIN_EGRESS 0xFFF3U
/* Need to corrospond to iproute2 tc/tc_core.h "enum link_layer" */
enum tc_link_layer {
......
......@@ -48,6 +48,9 @@ config COMPAT_NETLINK_MESSAGES
config NET_INGRESS
bool
config NET_EGRESS
bool
menu "Networking options"
source "net/packet/Kconfig"
......
......@@ -1676,6 +1676,22 @@ void net_dec_ingress_queue(void)
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(net_dec_ingress_queue);
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_NET_EGRESS
static struct static_key egress_needed __read_mostly;
void net_inc_egress_queue(void)
{
static_key_slow_inc(&egress_needed);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(net_inc_egress_queue);
void net_dec_egress_queue(void)
{
static_key_slow_dec(&egress_needed);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(net_dec_egress_queue);
#endif
static struct static_key netstamp_needed __read_mostly;
#ifdef HAVE_JUMP_LABEL
/* We are not allowed to call static_key_slow_dec() from irq context
......@@ -3007,7 +3023,6 @@ static inline int __dev_xmit_skb(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc *q,
bool contended;
int rc;
qdisc_pkt_len_init(skb);
qdisc_calculate_pkt_len(skb, q);
/*
* Heuristic to force contended enqueues to serialize on a
......@@ -3100,6 +3115,49 @@ int dev_loopback_xmit(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dev_loopback_xmit);
#ifdef CONFIG_NET_EGRESS
static struct sk_buff *
sch_handle_egress(struct sk_buff *skb, int *ret, struct net_device *dev)
{
struct tcf_proto *cl = rcu_dereference_bh(dev->egress_cl_list);
struct tcf_result cl_res;
if (!cl)
return skb;
/* skb->tc_verd and qdisc_skb_cb(skb)->pkt_len were already set
* earlier by the caller.
*/
qdisc_bstats_cpu_update(cl->q, skb);
switch (tc_classify(skb, cl, &cl_res, false)) {
case TC_ACT_OK:
case TC_ACT_RECLASSIFY:
skb->tc_index = TC_H_MIN(cl_res.classid);
break;
case TC_ACT_SHOT:
qdisc_qstats_cpu_drop(cl->q);
*ret = NET_XMIT_DROP;
goto drop;
case TC_ACT_STOLEN:
case TC_ACT_QUEUED:
*ret = NET_XMIT_SUCCESS;
drop:
kfree_skb(skb);
return NULL;
case TC_ACT_REDIRECT:
/* No need to push/pop skb's mac_header here on egress! */
skb_do_redirect(skb);
*ret = NET_XMIT_SUCCESS;
return NULL;
default:
break;
}
return skb;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_NET_EGRESS */
static inline int get_xps_queue(struct net_device *dev, struct sk_buff *skb)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_XPS
......@@ -3226,6 +3284,17 @@ static int __dev_queue_xmit(struct sk_buff *skb, void *accel_priv)
skb_update_prio(skb);
qdisc_pkt_len_init(skb);
#ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT
skb->tc_verd = SET_TC_AT(skb->tc_verd, AT_EGRESS);
# ifdef CONFIG_NET_EGRESS
if (static_key_false(&egress_needed)) {
skb = sch_handle_egress(skb, &rc, dev);
if (!skb)
goto out;
}
# endif
#endif
/* If device/qdisc don't need skb->dst, release it right now while
* its hot in this cpu cache.
*/
......@@ -3247,9 +3316,6 @@ static int __dev_queue_xmit(struct sk_buff *skb, void *accel_priv)
txq = netdev_pick_tx(dev, skb, accel_priv);
q = rcu_dereference_bh(txq->qdisc);
#ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT
skb->tc_verd = SET_TC_AT(skb->tc_verd, AT_EGRESS);
#endif
trace_net_dev_queue(skb);
if (q->enqueue) {
rc = __dev_xmit_skb(skb, q, dev, txq);
......@@ -3806,9 +3872,9 @@ int (*br_fdb_test_addr_hook)(struct net_device *dev,
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(br_fdb_test_addr_hook);
#endif
static inline struct sk_buff *handle_ing(struct sk_buff *skb,
struct packet_type **pt_prev,
int *ret, struct net_device *orig_dev)
static inline struct sk_buff *
sch_handle_ingress(struct sk_buff *skb, struct packet_type **pt_prev, int *ret,
struct net_device *orig_dev)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT
struct tcf_proto *cl = rcu_dereference_bh(skb->dev->ingress_cl_list);
......@@ -4002,7 +4068,7 @@ another_round:
skip_taps:
#ifdef CONFIG_NET_INGRESS
if (static_key_false(&ingress_needed)) {
skb = handle_ing(skb, &pt_prev, &ret, orig_dev);
skb = sch_handle_ingress(skb, &pt_prev, &ret, orig_dev);
if (!skb)
goto out;
......
......@@ -310,15 +310,21 @@ config NET_SCH_PIE
If unsure, say N.
config NET_SCH_INGRESS
tristate "Ingress Qdisc"
tristate "Ingress/classifier-action Qdisc"
depends on NET_CLS_ACT
select NET_INGRESS
select NET_EGRESS
---help---
Say Y here if you want to use classifiers for incoming packets.
Say Y here if you want to use classifiers for incoming and/or outgoing
packets. This qdisc doesn't do anything else besides running classifiers,
which can also have actions attached to them. In case of outgoing packets,
classifiers that this qdisc holds are executed in the transmit path
before real enqueuing to an egress qdisc happens.
If unsure, say Y.
To compile this code as a module, choose M here: the
module will be called sch_ingress.
To compile this code as a module, choose M here: the module will be
called sch_ingress with alias of sch_clsact.
config NET_SCH_PLUG
tristate "Plug network traffic until release (PLUG)"
......
......@@ -291,7 +291,7 @@ static int cls_bpf_prog_from_efd(struct nlattr **tb, struct cls_bpf_prog *prog,
prog->bpf_name = name;
prog->filter = fp;
if (fp->dst_needed)
if (fp->dst_needed && !(tp->q->flags & TCQ_F_INGRESS))
netif_keep_dst(qdisc_dev(tp->q));
return 0;
......
/* net/sched/sch_ingress.c - Ingress qdisc
/* net/sched/sch_ingress.c - Ingress and clsact qdisc
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
* as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
......@@ -98,17 +99,100 @@ static struct Qdisc_ops ingress_qdisc_ops __read_mostly = {
.owner = THIS_MODULE,
};
static unsigned long clsact_get(struct Qdisc *sch, u32 classid)
{
switch (TC_H_MIN(classid)) {
case TC_H_MIN(TC_H_MIN_INGRESS):
case TC_H_MIN(TC_H_MIN_EGRESS):
return TC_H_MIN(classid);
default:
return 0;
}
}
static unsigned long clsact_bind_filter(struct Qdisc *sch,
unsigned long parent, u32 classid)
{
return clsact_get(sch, classid);
}
static struct tcf_proto __rcu **clsact_find_tcf(struct Qdisc *sch,
unsigned long cl)
{
struct net_device *dev = qdisc_dev(sch);
switch (cl) {
case TC_H_MIN(TC_H_MIN_INGRESS):
return &dev->ingress_cl_list;
case TC_H_MIN(TC_H_MIN_EGRESS):
return &dev->egress_cl_list;
default:
return NULL;
}
}
static int clsact_init(struct Qdisc *sch, struct nlattr *opt)
{
net_inc_ingress_queue();
net_inc_egress_queue();
sch->flags |= TCQ_F_CPUSTATS;
return 0;
}
static void clsact_destroy(struct Qdisc *sch)
{
struct net_device *dev = qdisc_dev(sch);
tcf_destroy_chain(&dev->ingress_cl_list);
tcf_destroy_chain(&dev->egress_cl_list);
net_dec_ingress_queue();
net_dec_egress_queue();
}
static const struct Qdisc_class_ops clsact_class_ops = {
.leaf = ingress_leaf,
.get = clsact_get,
.put = ingress_put,
.walk = ingress_walk,
.tcf_chain = clsact_find_tcf,
.bind_tcf = clsact_bind_filter,
.unbind_tcf = ingress_put,
};
static struct Qdisc_ops clsact_qdisc_ops __read_mostly = {
.cl_ops = &clsact_class_ops,
.id = "clsact",
.init = clsact_init,
.destroy = clsact_destroy,
.dump = ingress_dump,
.owner = THIS_MODULE,
};
static int __init ingress_module_init(void)
{
return register_qdisc(&ingress_qdisc_ops);
int ret;
ret = register_qdisc(&ingress_qdisc_ops);
if (!ret) {
ret = register_qdisc(&clsact_qdisc_ops);
if (ret)
unregister_qdisc(&ingress_qdisc_ops);
}
return ret;
}
static void __exit ingress_module_exit(void)
{
unregister_qdisc(&ingress_qdisc_ops);
unregister_qdisc(&clsact_qdisc_ops);
}
module_init(ingress_module_init);
module_exit(ingress_module_exit);
MODULE_ALIAS("sch_clsact");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
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