Commit 1b6ba46b authored by Catalin Marinas's avatar Catalin Marinas
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ARM: LPAE: MMU setup for the 3-level page table format



This patch adds the MMU initialisation for the LPAE page table format.
The swapper_pg_dir size with LPAE is 5 rather than 4 pages. A new
proc-v7-3level.S file contains the TTB initialisation, context switch
and PTE setting code with the LPAE. The TTBRx split is based on the
PAGE_OFFSET with TTBR1 used for the kernel mappings. The 36-bit mappings
(supersections) and a few other memory types in mmu.c are conditionally
compiled.
Signed-off-by: default avatarCatalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
parent da028779
......@@ -39,8 +39,14 @@
#error KERNEL_RAM_VADDR must start at 0xXXXX8000
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_ARM_LPAE
/* LPAE requires an additional page for the PGD */
#define PG_DIR_SIZE 0x5000
#define PMD_ORDER 3
#else
#define PG_DIR_SIZE 0x4000
#define PMD_ORDER 2
#endif
.globl swapper_pg_dir
.equ swapper_pg_dir, KERNEL_RAM_VADDR - PG_DIR_SIZE
......@@ -164,6 +170,25 @@ __create_page_tables:
teq r0, r6
bne 1b
#ifdef CONFIG_ARM_LPAE
/*
* Build the PGD table (first level) to point to the PMD table. A PGD
* entry is 64-bit wide.
*/
mov r0, r4
add r3, r4, #0x1000 @ first PMD table address
orr r3, r3, #3 @ PGD block type
mov r6, #4 @ PTRS_PER_PGD
mov r7, #1 << (55 - 32) @ L_PGD_SWAPPER
1: str r3, [r0], #4 @ set bottom PGD entry bits
str r7, [r0], #4 @ set top PGD entry bits
add r3, r3, #0x1000 @ next PMD table
subs r6, r6, #1
bne 1b
add r4, r4, #0x1000 @ point to the PMD tables
#endif
ldr r7, [r10, #PROCINFO_MM_MMUFLAGS] @ mm_mmuflags
/*
......@@ -219,8 +244,8 @@ __create_page_tables:
#endif
/*
* Then map boot params address in r2 or
* the first 1MB of ram if boot params address is not specified.
* Then map boot params address in r2 or the first 1MB (2MB with LPAE)
* of ram if boot params address is not specified.
*/
mov r0, r2, lsr #SECTION_SHIFT
movs r0, r0, lsl #SECTION_SHIFT
......@@ -251,7 +276,15 @@ __create_page_tables:
mov r3, r7, lsr #SECTION_SHIFT
ldr r7, [r10, #PROCINFO_IO_MMUFLAGS] @ io_mmuflags
orr r3, r7, r3, lsl #SECTION_SHIFT
#ifdef CONFIG_ARM_LPAE
mov r7, #1 << (54 - 32) @ XN
#else
orr r3, r3, #PMD_SECT_XN
#endif
1: str r3, [r0], #4
#ifdef CONFIG_ARM_LPAE
str r7, [r0], #4
#endif
add r3, r3, #1 << SECTION_SHIFT
cmp r0, r6
blo 1b
......@@ -282,6 +315,9 @@ __create_page_tables:
add r0, r4, #0xd8000000 >> (SECTION_SHIFT - PMD_ORDER)
str r3, [r0]
#endif
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_ARM_LPAE
sub r4, r4, #0x1000 @ point to the PGD table
#endif
mov pc, lr
ENDPROC(__create_page_tables)
......@@ -374,12 +410,17 @@ __enable_mmu:
#ifdef CONFIG_CPU_ICACHE_DISABLE
bic r0, r0, #CR_I
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_ARM_LPAE
mov r5, #0
mcrr p15, 0, r4, r5, c2 @ load TTBR0
#else
mov r5, #(domain_val(DOMAIN_USER, DOMAIN_MANAGER) | \
domain_val(DOMAIN_KERNEL, DOMAIN_MANAGER) | \
domain_val(DOMAIN_TABLE, DOMAIN_MANAGER) | \
domain_val(DOMAIN_IO, DOMAIN_CLIENT))
mcr p15, 0, r5, c3, c0, 0 @ load domain access register
mcr p15, 0, r4, c2, c0, 0 @ load page table pointer
#endif
b __turn_mmu_on
ENDPROC(__enable_mmu)
......
......@@ -150,6 +150,7 @@ static int __init early_nowrite(char *__unused)
}
early_param("nowb", early_nowrite);
#ifndef CONFIG_ARM_LPAE
static int __init early_ecc(char *p)
{
if (memcmp(p, "on", 2) == 0)
......@@ -159,6 +160,7 @@ static int __init early_ecc(char *p)
return 0;
}
early_param("ecc", early_ecc);
#endif
static int __init noalign_setup(char *__unused)
{
......@@ -228,10 +230,12 @@ static struct mem_type mem_types[] = {
.prot_sect = PMD_TYPE_SECT | PMD_SECT_XN,
.domain = DOMAIN_KERNEL,
},
#ifndef CONFIG_ARM_LPAE
[MT_MINICLEAN] = {
.prot_sect = PMD_TYPE_SECT | PMD_SECT_XN | PMD_SECT_MINICACHE,
.domain = DOMAIN_KERNEL,
},
#endif
[MT_LOW_VECTORS] = {
.prot_pte = L_PTE_PRESENT | L_PTE_YOUNG | L_PTE_DIRTY |
L_PTE_RDONLY,
......@@ -429,6 +433,7 @@ static void __init build_mem_type_table(void)
* ARMv6 and above have extended page tables.
*/
if (cpu_arch >= CPU_ARCH_ARMv6 && (cr & CR_XP)) {
#ifndef CONFIG_ARM_LPAE
/*
* Mark cache clean areas and XIP ROM read only
* from SVC mode and no access from userspace.
......@@ -436,6 +441,7 @@ static void __init build_mem_type_table(void)
mem_types[MT_ROM].prot_sect |= PMD_SECT_APX|PMD_SECT_AP_WRITE;
mem_types[MT_MINICLEAN].prot_sect |= PMD_SECT_APX|PMD_SECT_AP_WRITE;
mem_types[MT_CACHECLEAN].prot_sect |= PMD_SECT_APX|PMD_SECT_AP_WRITE;
#endif
if (is_smp()) {
/*
......@@ -474,6 +480,18 @@ static void __init build_mem_type_table(void)
mem_types[MT_MEMORY_NONCACHED].prot_sect |= PMD_SECT_BUFFERABLE;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_ARM_LPAE
/*
* Do not generate access flag faults for the kernel mappings.
*/
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(mem_types); i++) {
mem_types[i].prot_pte |= PTE_EXT_AF;
mem_types[i].prot_sect |= PMD_SECT_AF;
}
kern_pgprot |= PTE_EXT_AF;
vecs_pgprot |= PTE_EXT_AF;
#endif
for (i = 0; i < 16; i++) {
unsigned long v = pgprot_val(protection_map[i]);
protection_map[i] = __pgprot(v | user_pgprot);
......@@ -572,8 +590,10 @@ static void __init alloc_init_section(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr,
if (((addr | end | phys) & ~SECTION_MASK) == 0) {
pmd_t *p = pmd;
#ifndef CONFIG_ARM_LPAE
if (addr & SECTION_SIZE)
pmd++;
#endif
do {
*pmd = __pmd(phys | type->prot_sect);
......@@ -603,6 +623,7 @@ static void alloc_init_pud(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
} while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end);
}
#ifndef CONFIG_ARM_LPAE
static void __init create_36bit_mapping(struct map_desc *md,
const struct mem_type *type)
{
......@@ -662,6 +683,7 @@ static void __init create_36bit_mapping(struct map_desc *md,
pgd += SUPERSECTION_SIZE >> PGDIR_SHIFT;
} while (addr != end);
}
#endif /* !CONFIG_ARM_LPAE */
/*
* Create the page directory entries and any necessary
......@@ -693,6 +715,7 @@ static void __init create_mapping(struct map_desc *md)
type = &mem_types[md->type];
#ifndef CONFIG_ARM_LPAE
/*
* Catch 36-bit addresses
*/
......@@ -700,6 +723,7 @@ static void __init create_mapping(struct map_desc *md)
create_36bit_mapping(md, type);
return;
}
#endif
addr = md->virtual & PAGE_MASK;
phys = __pfn_to_phys(md->pfn);
......@@ -897,7 +921,13 @@ static inline void prepare_page_table(void)
pmd_clear(pmd_off_k(addr));
}
#ifdef CONFIG_ARM_LPAE
/* the first page is reserved for pgd */
#define SWAPPER_PG_DIR_SIZE (PAGE_SIZE + \
PTRS_PER_PGD * PTRS_PER_PMD * sizeof(pmd_t))
#else
#define SWAPPER_PG_DIR_SIZE (PTRS_PER_PGD * sizeof(pgd_t))
#endif
/*
* Reserve the special regions of memory
......
......@@ -91,8 +91,9 @@
#if L_PTE_SHARED != PTE_EXT_SHARED
#error PTE shared bit mismatch
#endif
#if (L_PTE_XN+L_PTE_USER+L_PTE_RDONLY+L_PTE_DIRTY+L_PTE_YOUNG+\
L_PTE_FILE+L_PTE_PRESENT) > L_PTE_SHARED
#if !defined (CONFIG_ARM_LPAE) && \
(L_PTE_XN+L_PTE_USER+L_PTE_RDONLY+L_PTE_DIRTY+L_PTE_YOUNG+\
L_PTE_FILE+L_PTE_PRESENT) > L_PTE_SHARED
#error Invalid Linux PTE bit settings
#endif
#endif /* CONFIG_MMU */
......
/*
* arch/arm/mm/proc-v7-3level.S
*
* Copyright (C) 2001 Deep Blue Solutions Ltd.
* Copyright (C) 2011 ARM Ltd.
* Author: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
* based on arch/arm/mm/proc-v7-2level.S
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
* published by the Free Software Foundation.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
*/
#define TTB_IRGN_NC (0 << 8)
#define TTB_IRGN_WBWA (1 << 8)
#define TTB_IRGN_WT (2 << 8)
#define TTB_IRGN_WB (3 << 8)
#define TTB_RGN_NC (0 << 10)
#define TTB_RGN_OC_WBWA (1 << 10)
#define TTB_RGN_OC_WT (2 << 10)
#define TTB_RGN_OC_WB (3 << 10)
#define TTB_S (3 << 12)
#define TTB_EAE (1 << 31)
/* PTWs cacheable, inner WB not shareable, outer WB not shareable */
#define TTB_FLAGS_UP (TTB_IRGN_WB|TTB_RGN_OC_WB)
#define PMD_FLAGS_UP (PMD_SECT_WB)
/* PTWs cacheable, inner WBWA shareable, outer WBWA not shareable */
#define TTB_FLAGS_SMP (TTB_IRGN_WBWA|TTB_S|TTB_RGN_OC_WBWA)
#define PMD_FLAGS_SMP (PMD_SECT_WBWA|PMD_SECT_S)
/*
* cpu_v7_switch_mm(pgd_phys, tsk)
*
* Set the translation table base pointer to be pgd_phys (physical address of
* the new TTB).
*/
ENTRY(cpu_v7_switch_mm)
#ifdef CONFIG_MMU
ldr r1, [r1, #MM_CONTEXT_ID] @ get mm->context.id
and r3, r1, #0xff
mov r3, r3, lsl #(48 - 32) @ ASID
mcrr p15, 0, r0, r3, c2 @ set TTB 0
isb
#endif
mov pc, lr
ENDPROC(cpu_v7_switch_mm)
/*
* cpu_v7_set_pte_ext(ptep, pte)
*
* Set a level 2 translation table entry.
* - ptep - pointer to level 3 translation table entry
* - pte - PTE value to store (64-bit in r2 and r3)
*/
ENTRY(cpu_v7_set_pte_ext)
#ifdef CONFIG_MMU
tst r2, #L_PTE_PRESENT
beq 1f
tst r3, #1 << (55 - 32) @ L_PTE_DIRTY
orreq r2, #L_PTE_RDONLY
1: strd r2, r3, [r0]
mcr p15, 0, r0, c7, c10, 1 @ flush_pte
#endif
mov pc, lr
ENDPROC(cpu_v7_set_pte_ext)
/*
* Memory region attributes for LPAE (defined in pgtable-3level.h):
*
* n = AttrIndx[2:0]
*
* n MAIR
* UNCACHED 000 00000000
* BUFFERABLE 001 01000100
* DEV_WC 001 01000100
* WRITETHROUGH 010 10101010
* WRITEBACK 011 11101110
* DEV_CACHED 011 11101110
* DEV_SHARED 100 00000100
* DEV_NONSHARED 100 00000100
* unused 101
* unused 110
* WRITEALLOC 111 11111111
*/
.equ PRRR, 0xeeaa4400 @ MAIR0
.equ NMRR, 0xff000004 @ MAIR1
/*
* Macro for setting up the TTBRx and TTBCR registers.
* - \ttbr1 updated.
*/
.macro v7_ttb_setup, zero, ttbr0, ttbr1, tmp
ldr \tmp, =swapper_pg_dir @ swapper_pg_dir virtual address
cmp \ttbr1, \tmp @ PHYS_OFFSET > PAGE_OFFSET? (branch below)
mrc p15, 0, \tmp, c2, c0, 2 @ TTB control register
orr \tmp, \tmp, #TTB_EAE
ALT_SMP(orr \tmp, \tmp, #TTB_FLAGS_SMP)
ALT_UP(orr \tmp, \tmp, #TTB_FLAGS_UP)
ALT_SMP(orr \tmp, \tmp, #TTB_FLAGS_SMP << 16)
ALT_UP(orr \tmp, \tmp, #TTB_FLAGS_UP << 16)
/*
* TTBR0/TTBR1 split (PAGE_OFFSET):
* 0x40000000: T0SZ = 2, T1SZ = 0 (not used)
* 0x80000000: T0SZ = 0, T1SZ = 1
* 0xc0000000: T0SZ = 0, T1SZ = 2
*
* Only use this feature if PHYS_OFFSET <= PAGE_OFFSET, otherwise
* booting secondary CPUs would end up using TTBR1 for the identity
* mapping set up in TTBR0.
*/
bhi 9001f @ PHYS_OFFSET > PAGE_OFFSET?
orr \tmp, \tmp, #(((PAGE_OFFSET >> 30) - 1) << 16) @ TTBCR.T1SZ
#if defined CONFIG_VMSPLIT_2G
/* PAGE_OFFSET == 0x80000000, T1SZ == 1 */
add \ttbr1, \ttbr1, #1 << 4 @ skip two L1 entries
#elif defined CONFIG_VMSPLIT_3G
/* PAGE_OFFSET == 0xc0000000, T1SZ == 2 */
add \ttbr1, \ttbr1, #4096 * (1 + 3) @ only L2 used, skip pgd+3*pmd
#endif
/* CONFIG_VMSPLIT_1G does not need TTBR1 adjustment */
9001: mcr p15, 0, \tmp, c2, c0, 2 @ TTB control register
mcrr p15, 1, \ttbr1, \zero, c2 @ load TTBR1
.endm
__CPUINIT
/*
* AT
* TFR EV X F IHD LR S
* .EEE ..EE PUI. .TAT 4RVI ZWRS BLDP WCAM
* rxxx rrxx xxx0 0101 xxxx xxxx x111 xxxx < forced
* 11 0 110 1 0011 1100 .111 1101 < we want
*/
.align 2
.type v7_crval, #object
v7_crval:
crval clear=0x0120c302, mmuset=0x30c23c7d, ucset=0x00c01c7c
.previous
......@@ -19,7 +19,11 @@
#include "proc-macros.S"
#ifdef CONFIG_ARM_LPAE
#include "proc-v7-3level.S"
#else
#include "proc-v7-2level.S"
#endif
ENTRY(cpu_v7_proc_init)
mov pc, lr
......@@ -87,7 +91,7 @@ ENDPROC(cpu_v7_dcache_clean_area)
/* Suspend/resume support: derived from arch/arm/mach-s5pv210/sleep.S */
.globl cpu_v7_suspend_size
.equ cpu_v7_suspend_size, 4 * 7
.equ cpu_v7_suspend_size, 4 * 8
#ifdef CONFIG_ARM_CPU_SUSPEND
ENTRY(cpu_v7_do_suspend)
stmfd sp!, {r4 - r10, lr}
......@@ -96,10 +100,11 @@ ENTRY(cpu_v7_do_suspend)
stmia r0!, {r4 - r5}
mrc p15, 0, r6, c3, c0, 0 @ Domain ID
mrc p15, 0, r7, c2, c0, 1 @ TTB 1
mrc p15, 0, r11, c2, c0, 2 @ TTB control register
mrc p15, 0, r8, c1, c0, 0 @ Control register
mrc p15, 0, r9, c1, c0, 1 @ Auxiliary control register
mrc p15, 0, r10, c1, c0, 2 @ Co-processor access control
stmia r0, {r6 - r10}
stmia r0, {r6 - r11}
ldmfd sp!, {r4 - r10, pc}
ENDPROC(cpu_v7_do_suspend)
......@@ -111,13 +116,15 @@ ENTRY(cpu_v7_do_resume)
ldmia r0!, {r4 - r5}
mcr p15, 0, r4, c13, c0, 0 @ FCSE/PID
mcr p15, 0, r5, c13, c0, 3 @ User r/o thread ID
ldmia r0, {r6 - r10}
ldmia r0, {r6 - r11}
mcr p15, 0, r6, c3, c0, 0 @ Domain ID
#ifndef CONFIG_ARM_LPAE
ALT_SMP(orr r1, r1, #TTB_FLAGS_SMP)
ALT_UP(orr r1, r1, #TTB_FLAGS_UP)
#endif
mcr p15, 0, r1, c2, c0, 0 @ TTB 0
mcr p15, 0, r7, c2, c0, 1 @ TTB 1
mcr p15, 0, ip, c2, c0, 2 @ TTB control register
mcr p15, 0, r11, c2, c0, 2 @ TTB control register
mrc p15, 0, r4, c1, c0, 1 @ Read Auxiliary control register
teq r4, r9 @ Is it already set?
mcrne p15, 0, r9, c1, c0, 1 @ No, so write it
......@@ -291,11 +298,11 @@ __v7_setup_stack:
*/
.macro __v7_proc initfunc, mm_mmuflags = 0, io_mmuflags = 0, hwcaps = 0
ALT_SMP(.long PMD_TYPE_SECT | PMD_SECT_AP_WRITE | PMD_SECT_AP_READ | \
PMD_FLAGS_SMP | \mm_mmuflags)
PMD_SECT_AF | PMD_FLAGS_SMP | \mm_mmuflags)
ALT_UP(.long PMD_TYPE_SECT | PMD_SECT_AP_WRITE | PMD_SECT_AP_READ | \
PMD_FLAGS_UP | \mm_mmuflags)
.long PMD_TYPE_SECT | PMD_SECT_XN | PMD_SECT_AP_WRITE | \
PMD_SECT_AP_READ | \io_mmuflags
PMD_SECT_AF | PMD_FLAGS_UP | \mm_mmuflags)
.long PMD_TYPE_SECT | PMD_SECT_AP_WRITE | \
PMD_SECT_AP_READ | PMD_SECT_AF | \io_mmuflags
W(b) \initfunc
.long cpu_arch_name
.long cpu_elf_name
......@@ -308,6 +315,7 @@ __v7_setup_stack:
.long v7_cache_fns
.endm
#ifndef CONFIG_ARM_LPAE
/*
* ARM Ltd. Cortex A5 processor.
*/
......@@ -327,6 +335,7 @@ __v7_ca9mp_proc_info:
.long 0xff0ffff0
__v7_proc __v7_ca9mp_setup
.size __v7_ca9mp_proc_info, . - __v7_ca9mp_proc_info
#endif /* CONFIG_ARM_LPAE */
/*
* ARM Ltd. Cortex A15 processor.
......
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