report.c 7.76 KB
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/*
 * This file contains error reporting code.
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2014 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
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 * Author: Andrey Ryabinin <ryabinin.a.a@gmail.com>
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 *
 * Some of code borrowed from https://github.com/xairy/linux by
 *        Andrey Konovalov <adech.fo@gmail.com>
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 *
 */

#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/printk.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/stacktrace.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/kasan.h>
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#include <linux/module.h>
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#include <asm/sections.h>

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#include "kasan.h"
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#include "../slab.h"
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/* Shadow layout customization. */
#define SHADOW_BYTES_PER_BLOCK 1
#define SHADOW_BLOCKS_PER_ROW 16
#define SHADOW_BYTES_PER_ROW (SHADOW_BLOCKS_PER_ROW * SHADOW_BYTES_PER_BLOCK)
#define SHADOW_ROWS_AROUND_ADDR 2

static const void *find_first_bad_addr(const void *addr, size_t size)
{
	u8 shadow_val = *(u8 *)kasan_mem_to_shadow(addr);
	const void *first_bad_addr = addr;

	while (!shadow_val && first_bad_addr < addr + size) {
		first_bad_addr += KASAN_SHADOW_SCALE_SIZE;
		shadow_val = *(u8 *)kasan_mem_to_shadow(first_bad_addr);
	}
	return first_bad_addr;
}

static void print_error_description(struct kasan_access_info *info)
{
	const char *bug_type = "unknown crash";
	u8 shadow_val;

	info->first_bad_addr = find_first_bad_addr(info->access_addr,
						info->access_size);

	shadow_val = *(u8 *)kasan_mem_to_shadow(info->first_bad_addr);

	switch (shadow_val) {
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	case KASAN_FREE_PAGE:
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	case KASAN_KMALLOC_FREE:
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		bug_type = "use after free";
		break;
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	case KASAN_PAGE_REDZONE:
	case KASAN_KMALLOC_REDZONE:
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	case KASAN_GLOBAL_REDZONE:
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	case 0 ... KASAN_SHADOW_SCALE_SIZE - 1:
		bug_type = "out of bounds access";
		break;
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	case KASAN_STACK_LEFT:
	case KASAN_STACK_MID:
	case KASAN_STACK_RIGHT:
	case KASAN_STACK_PARTIAL:
		bug_type = "out of bounds on stack";
		break;
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	}

	pr_err("BUG: KASan: %s in %pS at addr %p\n",
		bug_type, (void *)info->ip,
		info->access_addr);
	pr_err("%s of size %zu by task %s/%d\n",
		info->is_write ? "Write" : "Read",
		info->access_size, current->comm, task_pid_nr(current));
}

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static inline bool kernel_or_module_addr(const void *addr)
{
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	if (addr >= (void *)_stext && addr < (void *)_end)
		return true;
	if (is_module_address((unsigned long)addr))
		return true;
	return false;
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}

static inline bool init_task_stack_addr(const void *addr)
{
	return addr >= (void *)&init_thread_union.stack &&
		(addr <= (void *)&init_thread_union.stack +
			sizeof(init_thread_union.stack));
}

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static void print_address_description(struct kasan_access_info *info)
{
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	const void *addr = info->access_addr;

	if ((addr >= (void *)PAGE_OFFSET) &&
		(addr < high_memory)) {
		struct page *page = virt_to_head_page(addr);
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		if (PageSlab(page)) {
			void *object;
			struct kmem_cache *cache = page->slab_cache;
			void *last_object;

			object = virt_to_obj(cache, page_address(page), addr);
			last_object = page_address(page) +
				page->objects * cache->size;

			if (unlikely(object > last_object))
				object = last_object; /* we hit into padding */

			object_err(cache, page, object,
				"kasan: bad access detected");
			return;
		}
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		dump_page(page, "kasan: bad access detected");
	}

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	if (kernel_or_module_addr(addr)) {
		if (!init_task_stack_addr(addr))
			pr_err("Address belongs to variable %pS\n", addr);
	}

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	dump_stack();
}

static bool row_is_guilty(const void *row, const void *guilty)
{
	return (row <= guilty) && (guilty < row + SHADOW_BYTES_PER_ROW);
}

static int shadow_pointer_offset(const void *row, const void *shadow)
{
	/* The length of ">ff00ff00ff00ff00: " is
	 *    3 + (BITS_PER_LONG/8)*2 chars.
	 */
	return 3 + (BITS_PER_LONG/8)*2 + (shadow - row)*2 +
		(shadow - row) / SHADOW_BYTES_PER_BLOCK + 1;
}

static void print_shadow_for_address(const void *addr)
{
	int i;
	const void *shadow = kasan_mem_to_shadow(addr);
	const void *shadow_row;

	shadow_row = (void *)round_down((unsigned long)shadow,
					SHADOW_BYTES_PER_ROW)
		- SHADOW_ROWS_AROUND_ADDR * SHADOW_BYTES_PER_ROW;

	pr_err("Memory state around the buggy address:\n");

	for (i = -SHADOW_ROWS_AROUND_ADDR; i <= SHADOW_ROWS_AROUND_ADDR; i++) {
		const void *kaddr = kasan_shadow_to_mem(shadow_row);
		char buffer[4 + (BITS_PER_LONG/8)*2];
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		char shadow_buf[SHADOW_BYTES_PER_ROW];
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		snprintf(buffer, sizeof(buffer),
			(i == 0) ? ">%p: " : " %p: ", kaddr);
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		/*
		 * We should not pass a shadow pointer to generic
		 * function, because generic functions may try to
		 * access kasan mapping for the passed address.
		 */
		memcpy(shadow_buf, shadow_row, SHADOW_BYTES_PER_ROW);
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		print_hex_dump(KERN_ERR, buffer,
			DUMP_PREFIX_NONE, SHADOW_BYTES_PER_ROW, 1,
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			shadow_buf, SHADOW_BYTES_PER_ROW, 0);
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		if (row_is_guilty(shadow_row, shadow))
			pr_err("%*c\n",
				shadow_pointer_offset(shadow_row, shadow),
				'^');

		shadow_row += SHADOW_BYTES_PER_ROW;
	}
}

static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(report_lock);

void kasan_report_error(struct kasan_access_info *info)
{
	unsigned long flags;

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	/*
	 * Make sure we don't end up in loop.
	 */
	kasan_disable_current();
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	spin_lock_irqsave(&report_lock, flags);
	pr_err("================================="
		"=================================\n");
	print_error_description(info);
	print_address_description(info);
	print_shadow_for_address(info->first_bad_addr);
	pr_err("================================="
		"=================================\n");
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&report_lock, flags);
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	kasan_enable_current();
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}

void kasan_report_user_access(struct kasan_access_info *info)
{
	unsigned long flags;

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	/*
	 * Make sure we don't end up in loop.
	 */
	kasan_disable_current();
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	spin_lock_irqsave(&report_lock, flags);
	pr_err("================================="
		"=================================\n");
	pr_err("BUG: KASan: user-memory-access on address %p\n",
		info->access_addr);
	pr_err("%s of size %zu by task %s/%d\n",
		info->is_write ? "Write" : "Read",
		info->access_size, current->comm, task_pid_nr(current));
	dump_stack();
	pr_err("================================="
		"=================================\n");
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&report_lock, flags);
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	kasan_enable_current();
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}

void kasan_report(unsigned long addr, size_t size,
		bool is_write, unsigned long ip)
{
	struct kasan_access_info info;

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	if (likely(!kasan_report_enabled()))
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		return;

	info.access_addr = (void *)addr;
	info.access_size = size;
	info.is_write = is_write;
	info.ip = ip;
	kasan_report_error(&info);
}


#define DEFINE_ASAN_REPORT_LOAD(size)                     \
void __asan_report_load##size##_noabort(unsigned long addr) \
{                                                         \
	kasan_report(addr, size, false, _RET_IP_);	  \
}                                                         \
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__asan_report_load##size##_noabort)

#define DEFINE_ASAN_REPORT_STORE(size)                     \
void __asan_report_store##size##_noabort(unsigned long addr) \
{                                                          \
	kasan_report(addr, size, true, _RET_IP_);	   \
}                                                          \
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__asan_report_store##size##_noabort)

DEFINE_ASAN_REPORT_LOAD(1);
DEFINE_ASAN_REPORT_LOAD(2);
DEFINE_ASAN_REPORT_LOAD(4);
DEFINE_ASAN_REPORT_LOAD(8);
DEFINE_ASAN_REPORT_LOAD(16);
DEFINE_ASAN_REPORT_STORE(1);
DEFINE_ASAN_REPORT_STORE(2);
DEFINE_ASAN_REPORT_STORE(4);
DEFINE_ASAN_REPORT_STORE(8);
DEFINE_ASAN_REPORT_STORE(16);

void __asan_report_load_n_noabort(unsigned long addr, size_t size)
{
	kasan_report(addr, size, false, _RET_IP_);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__asan_report_load_n_noabort);

void __asan_report_store_n_noabort(unsigned long addr, size_t size)
{
	kasan_report(addr, size, true, _RET_IP_);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__asan_report_store_n_noabort);