glock.c 44.5 KB
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/*
 * Copyright (C) Sistina Software, Inc.  1997-2003 All rights reserved.
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 * Copyright (C) 2004-2008 Red Hat, Inc.  All rights reserved.
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 *
 * This copyrighted material is made available to anyone wishing to use,
 * modify, copy, or redistribute it subject to the terms and conditions
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 * of the GNU General Public License version 2.
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 */

#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/buffer_head.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/sort.h>
#include <linux/jhash.h>
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#include <linux/kallsyms.h>
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#include <linux/gfs2_ondisk.h>
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#include <linux/list.h>
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#include <linux/wait.h>
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#include <linux/module.h>
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#include <linux/rwsem.h>
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#include <asm/uaccess.h>
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#include <linux/seq_file.h>
#include <linux/debugfs.h>
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#include <linux/kthread.h>
#include <linux/freezer.h>
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#include <linux/workqueue.h>
#include <linux/jiffies.h>
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#include "gfs2.h"
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#include "incore.h"
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#include "glock.h"
#include "glops.h"
#include "inode.h"
#include "lops.h"
#include "meta_io.h"
#include "quota.h"
#include "super.h"
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#include "util.h"
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#include "bmap.h"
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struct gfs2_gl_hash_bucket {
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        struct hlist_head hb_list;
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};

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struct gfs2_glock_iter {
	int hash;			/* hash bucket index         */
	struct gfs2_sbd *sdp;		/* incore superblock         */
	struct gfs2_glock *gl;		/* current glock struct      */
	char string[512];		/* scratch space             */
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};

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typedef void (*glock_examiner) (struct gfs2_glock * gl);

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static int gfs2_dump_lockstate(struct gfs2_sbd *sdp);
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static int __dump_glock(struct seq_file *seq, const struct gfs2_glock *gl);
#define GLOCK_BUG_ON(gl,x) do { if (unlikely(x)) { __dump_glock(NULL, gl); BUG(); } } while(0)
static void do_xmote(struct gfs2_glock *gl, struct gfs2_holder *gh, unsigned int target);
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static DECLARE_RWSEM(gfs2_umount_flush_sem);
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static struct dentry *gfs2_root;
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static struct workqueue_struct *glock_workqueue;
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static LIST_HEAD(lru_list);
static atomic_t lru_count = ATOMIC_INIT(0);
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static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(lru_lock);
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#define GFS2_GL_HASH_SHIFT      15
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#define GFS2_GL_HASH_SIZE       (1 << GFS2_GL_HASH_SHIFT)
#define GFS2_GL_HASH_MASK       (GFS2_GL_HASH_SIZE - 1)

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static struct gfs2_gl_hash_bucket gl_hash_table[GFS2_GL_HASH_SIZE];
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static struct dentry *gfs2_root;
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/*
 * Despite what you might think, the numbers below are not arbitrary :-)
 * They are taken from the ipv4 routing hash code, which is well tested
 * and thus should be nearly optimal. Later on we might tweek the numbers
 * but for now this should be fine.
 *
 * The reason for putting the locks in a separate array from the list heads
 * is that we can have fewer locks than list heads and save memory. We use
 * the same hash function for both, but with a different hash mask.
 */
#if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK) || \
	defined(CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING)

#ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP
# define GL_HASH_LOCK_SZ        256
#else
# if NR_CPUS >= 32
#  define GL_HASH_LOCK_SZ       4096
# elif NR_CPUS >= 16
#  define GL_HASH_LOCK_SZ       2048
# elif NR_CPUS >= 8
#  define GL_HASH_LOCK_SZ       1024
# elif NR_CPUS >= 4
#  define GL_HASH_LOCK_SZ       512
# else
#  define GL_HASH_LOCK_SZ       256
# endif
#endif

/* We never want more locks than chains */
#if GFS2_GL_HASH_SIZE < GL_HASH_LOCK_SZ
# undef GL_HASH_LOCK_SZ
# define GL_HASH_LOCK_SZ GFS2_GL_HASH_SIZE
#endif

static rwlock_t gl_hash_locks[GL_HASH_LOCK_SZ];

static inline rwlock_t *gl_lock_addr(unsigned int x)
{
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	return &gl_hash_locks[x & (GL_HASH_LOCK_SZ-1)];
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}
#else /* not SMP, so no spinlocks required */
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static inline rwlock_t *gl_lock_addr(unsigned int x)
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{
	return NULL;
}
#endif
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/**
 * gl_hash() - Turn glock number into hash bucket number
 * @lock: The glock number
 *
 * Returns: The number of the corresponding hash bucket
 */

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static unsigned int gl_hash(const struct gfs2_sbd *sdp,
			    const struct lm_lockname *name)
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{
	unsigned int h;

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	h = jhash(&name->ln_number, sizeof(u64), 0);
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	h = jhash(&name->ln_type, sizeof(unsigned int), h);
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	h = jhash(&sdp, sizeof(struct gfs2_sbd *), h);
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	h &= GFS2_GL_HASH_MASK;

	return h;
}

/**
 * glock_free() - Perform a few checks and then release struct gfs2_glock
 * @gl: The glock to release
 *
 * Also calls lock module to release its internal structure for this glock.
 *
 */

static void glock_free(struct gfs2_glock *gl)
{
	struct gfs2_sbd *sdp = gl->gl_sbd;
	struct inode *aspace = gl->gl_aspace;

	if (aspace)
		gfs2_aspace_put(aspace);

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	sdp->sd_lockstruct.ls_ops->lm_put_lock(gfs2_glock_cachep, gl);
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}

/**
 * gfs2_glock_hold() - increment reference count on glock
 * @gl: The glock to hold
 *
 */

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static void gfs2_glock_hold(struct gfs2_glock *gl)
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{
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	atomic_inc(&gl->gl_ref);
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}

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/**
 * gfs2_glock_schedule_for_reclaim - Add a glock to the reclaim list
 * @gl: the glock
 *
 */

static void gfs2_glock_schedule_for_reclaim(struct gfs2_glock *gl)
{
	spin_lock(&lru_lock);
	if (list_empty(&gl->gl_lru) && gl->gl_state != LM_ST_UNLOCKED) {
		list_add_tail(&gl->gl_lru, &lru_list);
		atomic_inc(&lru_count);
	}
	spin_unlock(&lru_lock);
}

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/**
 * gfs2_glock_put() - Decrement reference count on glock
 * @gl: The glock to put
 *
 */

int gfs2_glock_put(struct gfs2_glock *gl)
{
	int rv = 0;

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	write_lock(gl_lock_addr(gl->gl_hash));
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	if (atomic_dec_and_test(&gl->gl_ref)) {
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		hlist_del(&gl->gl_list);
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		write_unlock(gl_lock_addr(gl->gl_hash));
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		spin_lock(&lru_lock);
		if (!list_empty(&gl->gl_lru)) {
			list_del_init(&gl->gl_lru);
			atomic_dec(&lru_count);
		}
		spin_unlock(&lru_lock);
		GLOCK_BUG_ON(gl, !list_empty(&gl->gl_lru));
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		GLOCK_BUG_ON(gl, !list_empty(&gl->gl_holders));
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		glock_free(gl);
		rv = 1;
		goto out;
	}
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	write_unlock(gl_lock_addr(gl->gl_hash));
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	/* 1 for being hashed, 1 for having state != LM_ST_UNLOCKED */
	if (atomic_read(&gl->gl_ref) == 2)
		gfs2_glock_schedule_for_reclaim(gl);
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out:
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	return rv;
}

/**
 * search_bucket() - Find struct gfs2_glock by lock number
 * @bucket: the bucket to search
 * @name: The lock name
 *
 * Returns: NULL, or the struct gfs2_glock with the requested number
 */

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static struct gfs2_glock *search_bucket(unsigned int hash,
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					const struct gfs2_sbd *sdp,
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					const struct lm_lockname *name)
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{
	struct gfs2_glock *gl;
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	struct hlist_node *h;
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	hlist_for_each_entry(gl, h, &gl_hash_table[hash].hb_list, gl_list) {
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		if (!lm_name_equal(&gl->gl_name, name))
			continue;
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		if (gl->gl_sbd != sdp)
			continue;
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		atomic_inc(&gl->gl_ref);
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		return gl;
	}

	return NULL;
}

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/**
 * may_grant - check if its ok to grant a new lock
 * @gl: The glock
 * @gh: The lock request which we wish to grant
 *
 * Returns: true if its ok to grant the lock
 */

static inline int may_grant(const struct gfs2_glock *gl, const struct gfs2_holder *gh)
{
	const struct gfs2_holder *gh_head = list_entry(gl->gl_holders.next, const struct gfs2_holder, gh_list);
	if ((gh->gh_state == LM_ST_EXCLUSIVE ||
	     gh_head->gh_state == LM_ST_EXCLUSIVE) && gh != gh_head)
		return 0;
	if (gl->gl_state == gh->gh_state)
		return 1;
	if (gh->gh_flags & GL_EXACT)
		return 0;
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	if (gl->gl_state == LM_ST_EXCLUSIVE) {
		if (gh->gh_state == LM_ST_SHARED && gh_head->gh_state == LM_ST_SHARED)
			return 1;
		if (gh->gh_state == LM_ST_DEFERRED && gh_head->gh_state == LM_ST_DEFERRED)
			return 1;
	}
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	if (gl->gl_state != LM_ST_UNLOCKED && (gh->gh_flags & LM_FLAG_ANY))
		return 1;
	return 0;
}

static void gfs2_holder_wake(struct gfs2_holder *gh)
{
	clear_bit(HIF_WAIT, &gh->gh_iflags);
	smp_mb__after_clear_bit();
	wake_up_bit(&gh->gh_iflags, HIF_WAIT);
}

/**
 * do_promote - promote as many requests as possible on the current queue
 * @gl: The glock
 * 
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 * Returns: 1 if there is a blocked holder at the head of the list, or 2
 *          if a type specific operation is underway.
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 */

static int do_promote(struct gfs2_glock *gl)
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__releases(&gl->gl_spin)
__acquires(&gl->gl_spin)
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{
	const struct gfs2_glock_operations *glops = gl->gl_ops;
	struct gfs2_holder *gh, *tmp;
	int ret;

restart:
	list_for_each_entry_safe(gh, tmp, &gl->gl_holders, gh_list) {
		if (test_bit(HIF_HOLDER, &gh->gh_iflags))
			continue;
		if (may_grant(gl, gh)) {
			if (gh->gh_list.prev == &gl->gl_holders &&
			    glops->go_lock) {
				spin_unlock(&gl->gl_spin);
				/* FIXME: eliminate this eventually */
				ret = glops->go_lock(gh);
				spin_lock(&gl->gl_spin);
				if (ret) {
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					if (ret == 1)
						return 2;
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					gh->gh_error = ret;
					list_del_init(&gh->gh_list);
					gfs2_holder_wake(gh);
					goto restart;
				}
				set_bit(HIF_HOLDER, &gh->gh_iflags);
				gfs2_holder_wake(gh);
				goto restart;
			}
			set_bit(HIF_HOLDER, &gh->gh_iflags);
			gfs2_holder_wake(gh);
			continue;
		}
		if (gh->gh_list.prev == &gl->gl_holders)
			return 1;
		break;
	}
	return 0;
}

/**
 * do_error - Something unexpected has happened during a lock request
 *
 */

static inline void do_error(struct gfs2_glock *gl, const int ret)
{
	struct gfs2_holder *gh, *tmp;

	list_for_each_entry_safe(gh, tmp, &gl->gl_holders, gh_list) {
		if (test_bit(HIF_HOLDER, &gh->gh_iflags))
			continue;
		if (ret & LM_OUT_ERROR)
			gh->gh_error = -EIO;
		else if (gh->gh_flags & (LM_FLAG_TRY | LM_FLAG_TRY_1CB))
			gh->gh_error = GLR_TRYFAILED;
		else
			continue;
		list_del_init(&gh->gh_list);
		gfs2_holder_wake(gh);
	}
}

/**
 * find_first_waiter - find the first gh that's waiting for the glock
 * @gl: the glock
 */

static inline struct gfs2_holder *find_first_waiter(const struct gfs2_glock *gl)
{
	struct gfs2_holder *gh;

	list_for_each_entry(gh, &gl->gl_holders, gh_list) {
		if (!test_bit(HIF_HOLDER, &gh->gh_iflags))
			return gh;
	}
	return NULL;
}

/**
 * state_change - record that the glock is now in a different state
 * @gl: the glock
 * @new_state the new state
 *
 */

static void state_change(struct gfs2_glock *gl, unsigned int new_state)
{
	int held1, held2;

	held1 = (gl->gl_state != LM_ST_UNLOCKED);
	held2 = (new_state != LM_ST_UNLOCKED);

	if (held1 != held2) {
		if (held2)
			gfs2_glock_hold(gl);
		else
			gfs2_glock_put(gl);
	}

	gl->gl_state = new_state;
	gl->gl_tchange = jiffies;
}

static void gfs2_demote_wake(struct gfs2_glock *gl)
{
	gl->gl_demote_state = LM_ST_EXCLUSIVE;
	clear_bit(GLF_DEMOTE, &gl->gl_flags);
	smp_mb__after_clear_bit();
	wake_up_bit(&gl->gl_flags, GLF_DEMOTE);
}

/**
 * finish_xmote - The DLM has replied to one of our lock requests
 * @gl: The glock
 * @ret: The status from the DLM
 *
 */

static void finish_xmote(struct gfs2_glock *gl, unsigned int ret)
{
	const struct gfs2_glock_operations *glops = gl->gl_ops;
	struct gfs2_holder *gh;
	unsigned state = ret & LM_OUT_ST_MASK;
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	int rv;
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	spin_lock(&gl->gl_spin);
	state_change(gl, state);
	gh = find_first_waiter(gl);

	/* Demote to UN request arrived during demote to SH or DF */
	if (test_bit(GLF_DEMOTE_IN_PROGRESS, &gl->gl_flags) &&
	    state != LM_ST_UNLOCKED && gl->gl_demote_state == LM_ST_UNLOCKED)
		gl->gl_target = LM_ST_UNLOCKED;

	/* Check for state != intended state */
	if (unlikely(state != gl->gl_target)) {
		if (gh && !test_bit(GLF_DEMOTE_IN_PROGRESS, &gl->gl_flags)) {
			/* move to back of queue and try next entry */
			if (ret & LM_OUT_CANCELED) {
				if ((gh->gh_flags & LM_FLAG_PRIORITY) == 0)
					list_move_tail(&gh->gh_list, &gl->gl_holders);
				gh = find_first_waiter(gl);
				gl->gl_target = gh->gh_state;
				goto retry;
			}
			/* Some error or failed "try lock" - report it */
			if ((ret & LM_OUT_ERROR) ||
			    (gh->gh_flags & (LM_FLAG_TRY | LM_FLAG_TRY_1CB))) {
				gl->gl_target = gl->gl_state;
				do_error(gl, ret);
				goto out;
			}
		}
		switch(state) {
		/* Unlocked due to conversion deadlock, try again */
		case LM_ST_UNLOCKED:
retry:
			do_xmote(gl, gh, gl->gl_target);
			break;
		/* Conversion fails, unlock and try again */
		case LM_ST_SHARED:
		case LM_ST_DEFERRED:
			do_xmote(gl, gh, LM_ST_UNLOCKED);
			break;
		default: /* Everything else */
			printk(KERN_ERR "GFS2: wanted %u got %u\n", gl->gl_target, state);
			GLOCK_BUG_ON(gl, 1);
		}
		spin_unlock(&gl->gl_spin);
		gfs2_glock_put(gl);
		return;
	}

	/* Fast path - we got what we asked for */
	if (test_and_clear_bit(GLF_DEMOTE_IN_PROGRESS, &gl->gl_flags))
		gfs2_demote_wake(gl);
	if (state != LM_ST_UNLOCKED) {
		if (glops->go_xmote_bh) {
			spin_unlock(&gl->gl_spin);
			rv = glops->go_xmote_bh(gl, gh);
			if (rv == -EAGAIN)
				return;
			spin_lock(&gl->gl_spin);
			if (rv) {
				do_error(gl, rv);
				goto out;
			}
		}
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		rv = do_promote(gl);
		if (rv == 2)
			goto out_locked;
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	}
out:
	clear_bit(GLF_LOCK, &gl->gl_flags);
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out_locked:
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	spin_unlock(&gl->gl_spin);
	gfs2_glock_put(gl);
}

static unsigned int gfs2_lm_lock(struct gfs2_sbd *sdp, void *lock,
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				 unsigned int req_state,
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				 unsigned int flags)
{
	int ret = LM_OUT_ERROR;
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	if (!sdp->sd_lockstruct.ls_ops->lm_lock)
		return req_state == LM_ST_UNLOCKED ? 0 : req_state;

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	if (likely(!test_bit(SDF_SHUTDOWN, &sdp->sd_flags)))
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		ret = sdp->sd_lockstruct.ls_ops->lm_lock(lock,
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							 req_state, flags);
	return ret;
}

/**
 * do_xmote - Calls the DLM to change the state of a lock
 * @gl: The lock state
 * @gh: The holder (only for promotes)
 * @target: The target lock state
 *
 */

static void do_xmote(struct gfs2_glock *gl, struct gfs2_holder *gh, unsigned int target)
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__releases(&gl->gl_spin)
__acquires(&gl->gl_spin)
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{
	const struct gfs2_glock_operations *glops = gl->gl_ops;
	struct gfs2_sbd *sdp = gl->gl_sbd;
	unsigned int lck_flags = gh ? gh->gh_flags : 0;
	int ret;

	lck_flags &= (LM_FLAG_TRY | LM_FLAG_TRY_1CB | LM_FLAG_NOEXP |
		      LM_FLAG_PRIORITY);
	BUG_ON(gl->gl_state == target);
	BUG_ON(gl->gl_state == gl->gl_target);
	if ((target == LM_ST_UNLOCKED || target == LM_ST_DEFERRED) &&
	    glops->go_inval) {
		set_bit(GLF_INVALIDATE_IN_PROGRESS, &gl->gl_flags);
		do_error(gl, 0); /* Fail queued try locks */
	}
	spin_unlock(&gl->gl_spin);
	if (glops->go_xmote_th)
		glops->go_xmote_th(gl);
	if (test_bit(GLF_INVALIDATE_IN_PROGRESS, &gl->gl_flags))
		glops->go_inval(gl, target == LM_ST_DEFERRED ? 0 : DIO_METADATA);
	clear_bit(GLF_INVALIDATE_IN_PROGRESS, &gl->gl_flags);

	gfs2_glock_hold(gl);
	if (target != LM_ST_UNLOCKED && (gl->gl_state == LM_ST_SHARED ||
	    gl->gl_state == LM_ST_DEFERRED) &&
	    !(lck_flags & (LM_FLAG_TRY | LM_FLAG_TRY_1CB)))
		lck_flags |= LM_FLAG_TRY_1CB;
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	ret = gfs2_lm_lock(sdp, gl, target, lck_flags);
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	if (!(ret & LM_OUT_ASYNC)) {
		finish_xmote(gl, ret);
		gfs2_glock_hold(gl);
		if (queue_delayed_work(glock_workqueue, &gl->gl_work, 0) == 0)
			gfs2_glock_put(gl);
	} else {
		GLOCK_BUG_ON(gl, ret != LM_OUT_ASYNC);
	}
	spin_lock(&gl->gl_spin);
}

/**
 * find_first_holder - find the first "holder" gh
 * @gl: the glock
 */

static inline struct gfs2_holder *find_first_holder(const struct gfs2_glock *gl)
{
	struct gfs2_holder *gh;

	if (!list_empty(&gl->gl_holders)) {
		gh = list_entry(gl->gl_holders.next, struct gfs2_holder, gh_list);
		if (test_bit(HIF_HOLDER, &gh->gh_iflags))
			return gh;
	}
	return NULL;
}

/**
 * run_queue - do all outstanding tasks related to a glock
 * @gl: The glock in question
 * @nonblock: True if we must not block in run_queue
 *
 */

static void run_queue(struct gfs2_glock *gl, const int nonblock)
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__releases(&gl->gl_spin)
__acquires(&gl->gl_spin)
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{
	struct gfs2_holder *gh = NULL;
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	int ret;
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	if (test_and_set_bit(GLF_LOCK, &gl->gl_flags))
		return;

	GLOCK_BUG_ON(gl, test_bit(GLF_DEMOTE_IN_PROGRESS, &gl->gl_flags));

	if (test_bit(GLF_DEMOTE, &gl->gl_flags) &&
	    gl->gl_demote_state != gl->gl_state) {
		if (find_first_holder(gl))
			goto out;
		if (nonblock)
			goto out_sched;
		set_bit(GLF_DEMOTE_IN_PROGRESS, &gl->gl_flags);
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		GLOCK_BUG_ON(gl, gl->gl_demote_state == LM_ST_EXCLUSIVE);
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		gl->gl_target = gl->gl_demote_state;
	} else {
		if (test_bit(GLF_DEMOTE, &gl->gl_flags))
			gfs2_demote_wake(gl);
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		ret = do_promote(gl);
		if (ret == 0)
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			goto out;
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		if (ret == 2)
			return;
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		gh = find_first_waiter(gl);
		gl->gl_target = gh->gh_state;
		if (!(gh->gh_flags & (LM_FLAG_TRY | LM_FLAG_TRY_1CB)))
			do_error(gl, 0); /* Fail queued try locks */
	}
	do_xmote(gl, gh, gl->gl_target);
	return;

out_sched:
	gfs2_glock_hold(gl);
	if (queue_delayed_work(glock_workqueue, &gl->gl_work, 0) == 0)
		gfs2_glock_put(gl);
out:
	clear_bit(GLF_LOCK, &gl->gl_flags);
}

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static void glock_work_func(struct work_struct *work)
{
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	unsigned long delay = 0;
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	struct gfs2_glock *gl = container_of(work, struct gfs2_glock, gl_work.work);

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	if (test_and_clear_bit(GLF_REPLY_PENDING, &gl->gl_flags))
		finish_xmote(gl, gl->gl_reply);
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	spin_lock(&gl->gl_spin);
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	if (test_and_clear_bit(GLF_PENDING_DEMOTE, &gl->gl_flags) &&
	    gl->gl_state != LM_ST_UNLOCKED &&
	    gl->gl_demote_state != LM_ST_EXCLUSIVE) {
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		unsigned long holdtime, now = jiffies;
		holdtime = gl->gl_tchange + gl->gl_ops->go_min_hold_time;
		if (time_before(now, holdtime))
			delay = holdtime - now;
		set_bit(delay ? GLF_PENDING_DEMOTE : GLF_DEMOTE, &gl->gl_flags);
	}
	run_queue(gl, 0);
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	spin_unlock(&gl->gl_spin);
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	if (!delay ||
	    queue_delayed_work(glock_workqueue, &gl->gl_work, delay) == 0)
		gfs2_glock_put(gl);
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}

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/**
 * gfs2_glock_get() - Get a glock, or create one if one doesn't exist
 * @sdp: The GFS2 superblock
 * @number: the lock number
 * @glops: The glock_operations to use
 * @create: If 0, don't create the glock if it doesn't exist
 * @glp: the glock is returned here
 *
 * This does not lock a glock, just finds/creates structures for one.
 *
 * Returns: errno
 */

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int gfs2_glock_get(struct gfs2_sbd *sdp, u64 number,
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		   const struct gfs2_glock_operations *glops, int create,
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		   struct gfs2_glock **glp)
{
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	struct lm_lockname name = { .ln_number = number, .ln_type = glops->go_type };
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	struct gfs2_glock *gl, *tmp;
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	unsigned int hash = gl_hash(sdp, &name);
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	int error;

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	read_lock(gl_lock_addr(hash));
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	gl = search_bucket(hash, sdp, &name);
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	read_unlock(gl_lock_addr(hash));
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	if (gl || !create) {
		*glp = gl;
		return 0;
	}

	gl = kmem_cache_alloc(gfs2_glock_cachep, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!gl)
		return -ENOMEM;

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	gl->gl_flags = 0;
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	gl->gl_name = name;
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	atomic_set(&gl->gl_ref, 1);
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	gl->gl_state = LM_ST_UNLOCKED;
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	gl->gl_target = LM_ST_UNLOCKED;
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	gl->gl_demote_state = LM_ST_EXCLUSIVE;
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	gl->gl_hash = hash;
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	gl->gl_ops = glops;
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	snprintf(gl->gl_strname, GDLM_STRNAME_BYTES, "%8x%16llx", name.ln_type, (unsigned long long)number);
	memset(&gl->gl_lksb, 0, sizeof(struct dlm_lksb));
	gl->gl_lksb.sb_lvbptr = gl->gl_lvb;
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	gl->gl_tchange = jiffies;
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	gl->gl_object = NULL;
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	gl->gl_sbd = sdp;
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	gl->gl_aspace = NULL;
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	INIT_DELAYED_WORK(&gl->gl_work, glock_work_func);
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	/* If this glock protects actual on-disk data or metadata blocks,
	   create a VFS inode to manage the pages/buffers holding them. */
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	if (glops == &gfs2_inode_glops || glops == &gfs2_rgrp_glops) {
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		gl->gl_aspace = gfs2_aspace_get(sdp);
		if (!gl->gl_aspace) {
			error = -ENOMEM;
			goto fail;
		}
	}

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	write_lock(gl_lock_addr(hash));
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	tmp = search_bucket(hash, sdp, &name);
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	if (tmp) {
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		write_unlock(gl_lock_addr(hash));
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		glock_free(gl);
		gl = tmp;
	} else {
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		hlist_add_head(&gl->gl_list, &gl_hash_table[hash].hb_list);
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		write_unlock(gl_lock_addr(hash));
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	}

	*glp = gl;

	return 0;

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fail:
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	kmem_cache_free(gfs2_glock_cachep, gl);
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	return error;
}

/**
 * gfs2_holder_init - initialize a struct gfs2_holder in the default way
 * @gl: the glock
 * @state: the state we're requesting
 * @flags: the modifier flags
 * @gh: the holder structure
 *
 */

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void gfs2_holder_init(struct gfs2_glock *gl, unsigned int state, unsigned flags,
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		      struct gfs2_holder *gh)
{
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&gh->gh_list);
	gh->gh_gl = gl;
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	gh->gh_ip = (unsigned long)__builtin_return_address(0);
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	gh->gh_owner_pid = get_pid(task_pid(current));
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	gh->gh_state = state;
	gh->gh_flags = flags;
	gh->gh_error = 0;
	gh->gh_iflags = 0;
	gfs2_glock_hold(gl);
}

/**
 * gfs2_holder_reinit - reinitialize a struct gfs2_holder so we can requeue it
 * @state: the state we're requesting
 * @flags: the modifier flags
 * @gh: the holder structure
 *
 * Don't mess with the glock.
 *
 */

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void gfs2_holder_reinit(unsigned int state, unsigned flags, struct gfs2_holder *gh)
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{
	gh->gh_state = state;
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	gh->gh_flags = flags;
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	gh->gh_iflags = 0;
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	gh->gh_ip = (unsigned long)__builtin_return_address(0);
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}

/**
 * gfs2_holder_uninit - uninitialize a holder structure (drop glock reference)
 * @gh: the holder structure
 *
 */

void gfs2_holder_uninit(struct gfs2_holder *gh)
{
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	put_pid(gh->gh_owner_pid);
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	gfs2_glock_put(gh->gh_gl);
	gh->gh_gl = NULL;
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	gh->gh_ip = 0;
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}

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static int just_schedule(void *word)
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{
        schedule();
        return 0;
}

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static void wait_on_holder(struct gfs2_holder *gh)
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{
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	might_sleep();
	wait_on_bit(&gh->gh_iflags, HIF_WAIT, just_schedule, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
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}

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static void wait_on_demote(struct gfs2_glock *gl)
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{
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	might_sleep();
	wait_on_bit(&gl->gl_flags, GLF_DEMOTE, just_schedule, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
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}

/**
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 * handle_callback - process a demote request
 * @gl: the glock
 * @state: the state the caller wants us to change to
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 *
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 * There are only two requests that we are going to see in actual
 * practise: LM_ST_SHARED and LM_ST_UNLOCKED
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 */

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static void handle_callback(struct gfs2_glock *gl, unsigned int state,
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			    unsigned long delay)
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{
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	int bit = delay ? GLF_PENDING_DEMOTE : GLF_DEMOTE;
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	set_bit(bit, &gl->gl_flags);
	if (gl->gl_demote_state == LM_ST_EXCLUSIVE) {
		gl->gl_demote_state = state;
		gl->gl_demote_time = jiffies;
	} else if (gl->gl_demote_state != LM_ST_UNLOCKED &&
			gl->gl_demote_state != state) {
		gl->gl_demote_state = LM_ST_UNLOCKED;
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	}
}

/**
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 * gfs2_glock_wait - wait on a glock acquisition
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 * @gh: the glock holder
 *
 * Returns: 0 on success
 */

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int gfs2_glock_wait(struct gfs2_holder *gh)
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{
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	wait_on_holder(gh);
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	return gh->gh_error;
}

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void gfs2_print_dbg(struct seq_file *seq, const char *fmt, ...)
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{
	va_list args;

	va_start(args, fmt);
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	if (seq) {
		struct gfs2_glock_iter *gi = seq->private;
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		vsprintf(gi->string, fmt, args);
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		seq_printf(seq, gi->string);
	} else {
		printk(KERN_ERR " ");
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		vprintk(fmt, args);
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	}
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	va_end(args);
}

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/**
 * add_to_queue - Add a holder to the wait queue (but look for recursion)
 * @gh: the holder structure to add
 *
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 * Eventually we should move the recursive locking trap to a
 * debugging option or something like that. This is the fast
 * path and needs to have the minimum number of distractions.
 * 
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 */

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static inline void add_to_queue(struct gfs2_holder *gh)
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__releases(&gl->gl_spin)
__acquires(&gl->gl_spin)
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{
	struct gfs2_glock *gl = gh->gh_gl;
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	struct gfs2_sbd *sdp = gl->gl_sbd;
	struct list_head *insert_pt = NULL;
	struct gfs2_holder *gh2;
	int try_lock = 0;
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	BUG_ON(gh->gh_owner_pid == NULL);
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	if (test_and_set_bit(HIF_WAIT, &gh->gh_iflags))
		BUG();
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	if (gh->gh_flags & (LM_FLAG_TRY | LM_FLAG_TRY_1CB)) {
		if (test_bit(GLF_LOCK, &gl->gl_flags))
			try_lock = 1;
		if (test_bit(GLF_INVALIDATE_IN_PROGRESS, &gl->gl_flags))
			goto fail;
	}

	list_for_each_entry(gh2, &gl->gl_holders, gh_list) {
		if (unlikely(gh2->gh_owner_pid == gh->gh_owner_pid &&
		    (gh->gh_gl->gl_ops->go_type != LM_TYPE_FLOCK)))
			goto trap_recursive;
		if (try_lock &&
		    !(gh2->gh_flags & (LM_FLAG_TRY | LM_FLAG_TRY_1CB)) &&
		    !may_grant(gl, gh)) {
fail:
			gh->gh_error = GLR_TRYFAILED;
			gfs2_holder_wake(gh);
			return;
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		}
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		if (test_bit(HIF_HOLDER, &gh2->gh_iflags))
			continue;
		if (unlikely((gh->gh_flags & LM_FLAG_PRIORITY) && !insert_pt))
			insert_pt = &gh2->gh_list;
	}
	if (likely(insert_pt == NULL)) {
		list_add_tail(&gh->gh_list, &gl->gl_holders);
		if (unlikely(gh->gh_flags & LM_FLAG_PRIORITY))
			goto do_cancel;
		return;
	}
	list_add_tail(&gh->gh_list, insert_pt);
do_cancel:
	gh = list_entry(gl->gl_holders.next, struct gfs2_holder, gh_list);
	if (!(gh->gh_flags & LM_FLAG_PRIORITY)) {
		spin_unlock(&gl->gl_spin);
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		if (sdp->sd_lockstruct.ls_ops->lm_cancel)
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			sdp->sd_lockstruct.ls_ops->lm_cancel(gl);
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		spin_lock(&gl->gl_spin);
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	}
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	return;
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trap_recursive:
	print_symbol(KERN_ERR "original: %s\n", gh2->gh_ip);
	printk(KERN_ERR "pid: %d\n", pid_nr(gh2->gh_owner_pid));
	printk(KERN_ERR "lock type: %d req lock state : %d\n",
	       gh2->gh_gl->gl_name.ln_type, gh2->gh_state);
	print_symbol(KERN_ERR "new: %s\n", gh->gh_ip);
	printk(KERN_ERR "pid: %d\n", pid_nr(gh->gh_owner_pid));
	printk(KERN_ERR "lock type: %d req lock state : %d\n",
	       gh->gh_gl->gl_name.ln_type, gh->gh_state);
	__dump_glock(NULL, gl);
	BUG();
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}

/**
 * gfs2_glock_nq - enqueue a struct gfs2_holder onto a glock (acquire a glock)
 * @gh: the holder structure
 *
 * if (gh->gh_flags & GL_ASYNC), this never returns an error
 *
 * Returns: 0, GLR_TRYFAILED, or errno on failure
 */

int gfs2_glock_nq(struct gfs2_holder *gh)
{
	struct gfs2_glock *gl = gh->gh_gl;
	struct gfs2_sbd *sdp = gl->gl_sbd;
	int error = 0;

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	if (unlikely(test_bit(SDF_SHUTDOWN, &sdp->sd_flags)))
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		return -EIO;

	spin_lock(&gl->gl_spin);
	add_to_queue(gh);
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	run_queue(gl, 1);
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	spin_unlock(&gl->gl_spin);

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	if (!(gh->gh_flags & GL_ASYNC))
		error = gfs2_glock_wait(gh);
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	return error;
}

/**
 * gfs2_glock_poll - poll to see if an async request has been completed
 * @gh: the holder
 *
 * Returns: 1 if the request is ready to be gfs2_glock_wait()ed on
 */

int gfs2_glock_poll(struct gfs2_holder *gh)
{
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	return test_bit(HIF_WAIT, &gh->gh_iflags) ? 0 : 1;
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}

/**
 * gfs2_glock_dq - dequeue a struct gfs2_holder from a glock (release a glock)
 * @gh: the glock holder
 *
 */

void gfs2_glock_dq(struct gfs2_holder *gh)
{
	struct gfs2_glock *gl = gh->gh_gl;
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	const struct gfs2_glock_operations *glops = gl->gl_ops;
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	unsigned delay = 0;
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	int fast_path = 0;
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	spin_lock(&gl->gl_spin);
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	if (gh->gh_flags & GL_NOCACHE)
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		handle_callback(gl, LM_ST_UNLOCKED, 0);
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	list_del_init(&gh->gh_list);
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	if (find_first_holder(gl) == NULL) {
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		if (glops->go_unlock) {
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			GLOCK_BUG_ON(gl, test_and_set_bit(GLF_LOCK, &gl->gl_flags));
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			spin_unlock(&gl->gl_spin);
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			glops->go_unlock(gh);
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			spin_lock(&gl->gl_spin);
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			clear_bit(GLF_LOCK, &gl->gl_flags);
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		}
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		if (list_empty(&gl->gl_holders) &&
		    !test_bit(GLF_PENDING_DEMOTE, &gl->gl_flags) &&
		    !test_bit(GLF_DEMOTE, &gl->gl_flags))
			fast_path = 1;
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	}
	spin_unlock(&gl->gl_spin);
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	if (likely(fast_path))
		return;
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	gfs2_glock_hold(gl);
	if (test_bit(GLF_PENDING_DEMOTE, &gl->gl_flags) &&
	    !test_bit(GLF_DEMOTE, &gl->gl_flags))
		delay = gl->gl_ops->go_min_hold_time;
	if (queue_delayed_work(glock_workqueue, &gl->gl_work, delay) == 0)
		gfs2_glock_put(gl);
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}

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void gfs2_glock_dq_wait(struct gfs2_holder *gh)
{
	struct gfs2_glock *gl = gh->gh_gl;
	gfs2_glock_dq(gh);
	wait_on_demote(gl);
}

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/**
 * gfs2_glock_dq_uninit - dequeue a holder from a glock and initialize it
 * @gh: the holder structure
 *
 */

void gfs2_glock_dq_uninit(struct gfs2_holder *gh)
{
	gfs2_glock_dq(gh);
	gfs2_holder_uninit(gh);
}

/**
 * gfs2_glock_nq_num - acquire a glock based on lock number
 * @sdp: the filesystem
 * @number: the lock number
 * @glops: the glock operations for the type of glock
 * @state: the state to acquire the glock in
 * @flags: modifier flags for the aquisition
 * @gh: the struct gfs2_holder
 *
 * Returns: errno
 */

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int gfs2_glock_nq_num(struct gfs2_sbd *sdp, u64 number,
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		      const struct gfs2_glock_operations *glops,
		      unsigned int state, int flags, struct gfs2_holder *gh)
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{
	struct gfs2_glock *gl;
	int error;

	error = gfs2_glock_get(sdp, number, glops, CREATE, &gl);
	if (!error) {
		error = gfs2_glock_nq_init(gl, state, flags, gh);
		gfs2_glock_put(gl);
	}

	return error;
}

/**
 * glock_compare - Compare two struct gfs2_glock structures for sorting
 * @arg_a: the first structure
 * @arg_b: the second structure
 *
 */

static int glock_compare(const void *arg_a, const void *arg_b)
{
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	const struct gfs2_holder *gh_a = *(const struct gfs2_holder **)arg_a;
	const struct gfs2_holder *gh_b = *(const struct gfs2_holder **)arg_b;
	const struct lm_lockname *a = &gh_a->gh_gl->gl_name;
	const struct lm_lockname *b = &gh_b->gh_gl->gl_name;
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	if (a->ln_number > b->ln_number)
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		return 1;
	if (a->ln_number < b->ln_number)
		return -1;
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	BUG_ON(gh_a->gh_gl->gl_ops->go_type == gh_b->gh_gl->gl_ops->go_type);
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	return 0;
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}

/**
 * nq_m_sync - synchonously acquire more than one glock in deadlock free order
 * @num_gh: the number of structures
 * @ghs: an array of struct gfs2_holder structures
 *
 * Returns: 0 on success (all glocks acquired),
 *          errno on failure (no glocks acquired)
 */

static int nq_m_sync(unsigned int num_gh, struct gfs2_holder *ghs,
		     struct gfs2_holder **p)
{
	unsigned int x;
	int error = 0;

	for (x = 0; x < num_gh; x++)
		p[x] = &ghs[x];

	sort(p, num_gh, sizeof(struct gfs2_holder *), glock_compare, NULL);

	for (x = 0; x < num_gh; x++) {
		p[x]->gh_flags &= ~(LM_FLAG_TRY | GL_ASYNC);

		error = gfs2_glock_nq(p[x]);
		if (error) {
			while (x--)
				gfs2_glock_dq(p[x]);
			break;
		}
	}

	return error;
}

/**
 * gfs2_glock_nq_m - acquire multiple glocks
 * @num_gh: the number of structures
 * @ghs: an array of struct gfs2_holder structures
 *
 *
 * Returns: 0 on success (all glocks acquired),
 *          errno on failure (no glocks acquired)
 */

int gfs2_glock_nq_m(unsigned int num_gh, struct gfs2_holder *ghs)
{
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	struct gfs2_holder *tmp[4];
	struct gfs2_holder **pph = tmp;
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	int error = 0;

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	switch(num_gh) {
	case 0:
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		return 0;
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	case 1:
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		ghs->gh_flags &= ~(LM_FLAG_TRY | GL_ASYNC);
		return gfs2_glock_nq(ghs);
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	default:
		if (num_gh <= 4)
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			break;
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		pph = kmalloc(num_gh * sizeof(struct gfs2_holder *), GFP_NOFS);
		if (!pph)
			return -ENOMEM;
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	}

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	error = nq_m_sync(num_gh, ghs, pph);
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	if (pph != tmp)
		kfree(pph);
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	return error;
}

/**
 * gfs2_glock_dq_m - release multiple glocks
 * @num_gh: the number of structures
 * @ghs: an array of struct gfs2_holder structures
 *
 */

void gfs2_glock_dq_m(unsigned int num_gh, struct gfs2_holder *ghs)
{
	unsigned int x;

	for (x = 0; x < num_gh; x++)
		gfs2_glock_dq(&ghs[x]);
}

/**
 * gfs2_glock_dq_uninit_m - release multiple glocks
 * @num_gh: the number of structures
 * @ghs: an array of struct gfs2_holder structures
 *
 */

void gfs2_glock_dq_uninit_m(unsigned int num_gh, struct gfs2_holder *ghs)
{
	unsigned int x;

	for (x = 0; x < num_gh; x++)
		gfs2_glock_dq_uninit(&ghs[x]);
}

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void gfs2_glock_cb(struct gfs2_glock *gl, unsigned int state)
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{
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	unsigned long delay = 0;
	unsigned long holdtime;
	unsigned long now = jiffies;
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	gfs2_glock_hold(gl);
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	holdtime = gl->gl_tchange + gl->gl_ops->go_min_hold_time;
	if (time_before(now, holdtime))
		delay = holdtime - now;
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	if (test_bit(GLF_REPLY_PENDING, &gl->gl_flags))
		delay = gl->gl_ops->go_min_hold_time;
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	spin_lock(&gl->gl_spin);
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	handle_callback(gl, state, delay);
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	spin_unlock(&gl->gl_spin);
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	if (queue_delayed_work(glock_workqueue, &gl->gl_work, delay) == 0)
		gfs2_glock_put(gl);
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}

/**
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 * gfs2_glock_complete - Callback used by locking
 * @gl: Pointer to the glock
 * @ret: The return value from the dlm
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 *
 */

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void gfs2_glock_complete(struct gfs2_glock *gl, int ret)
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{
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	struct lm_lockstruct *ls = &gl->gl_sbd->sd_lockstruct;
	down_read(&gfs2_umount_flush_sem);
	gl->gl_reply = ret;
	if (unlikely(test_bit(DFL_BLOCK_LOCKS, &ls->ls_flags))) {
		struct gfs2_holder *gh;
		spin_lock(&gl->gl_spin);
		gh = find_first_waiter(gl);
		if ((!(gh && (gh->gh_flags & LM_FLAG_NOEXP)) &&
		     (gl->gl_target != LM_ST_UNLOCKED)) ||
		    ((ret & ~LM_OUT_ST_MASK) != 0))
			set_bit(GLF_FROZEN, &gl->gl_flags);
		spin_unlock(&gl->gl_spin);
		if