boot-options.txt 6.54 KB
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AMD64 specific boot options

There are many others (usually documented in driver documentation), but
only the AMD64 specific ones are listed here.

Machine check

   mce=off disable machine check
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   mce=bootlog Enable logging of machine checks left over from booting.
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               Disabled by default on AMD because some BIOS leave bogus ones.
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               If your BIOS doesn't do that it's a good idea to enable though
               to make sure you log even machine check events that result
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               in a reboot. On Intel systems it is enabled by default.
   mce=nobootlog
		Disable boot machine check logging.
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   mce=tolerancelevel (number)
		0: always panic, 1: panic if deadlock possible,
		2: try to avoid panic, 3: never panic or exit (for testing)
		default is 1
		Can be also set using sysfs which is preferable.
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   nomce (for compatibility with i386): same as mce=off

   Everything else is in sysfs now.

APICs

   apic		 Use IO-APIC. Default

   noapic	 Don't use the IO-APIC.

   disableapic	 Don't use the local APIC

   nolapic	 Don't use the local APIC (alias for i386 compatibility)

   pirq=...	 See Documentation/i386/IO-APIC.txt

   noapictimer	 Don't set up the APIC timer

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   no_timer_check Don't check the IO-APIC timer. This can work around
		 problems with incorrect timer initialization on some boards.

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Early Console

   syntax: earlyprintk=vga
           earlyprintk=serial[,ttySn[,baudrate]]

   The early console is useful when the kernel crashes before the
   normal console is initialized. It is not enabled by
   default because it has some cosmetic problems.
   Append ,keep to not disable it when the real console takes over.
   Only vga or serial at a time, not both.
   Currently only ttyS0 and ttyS1 are supported.
   Interaction with the standard serial driver is not very good.
   The VGA output is eventually overwritten by the real console.

Timing

  notsc
  Don't use the CPU time stamp counter to read the wall time.
  This can be used to work around timing problems on multiprocessor systems
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  with not properly synchronized CPUs.
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  report_lost_ticks
  Report when timer interrupts are lost because some code turned off
  interrupts for too long.

  nmi_watchdog=NUMBER[,panic]
  NUMBER can be:
  0 don't use an NMI watchdog
  1 use the IO-APIC timer for the NMI watchdog
  2 use the local APIC for the NMI watchdog using a performance counter. Note
  This will use one performance counter and the local APIC's performance
  vector.
  When panic is specified panic when an NMI watchdog timeout occurs.
  This is useful when you use a panic=... timeout and need the box
  quickly up again.

  nohpet
  Don't use the HPET timer.

Idle loop

  idle=poll
  Don't do power saving in the idle loop using HLT, but poll for rescheduling
  event. This will make the CPUs eat a lot more power, but may be useful
  to get slightly better performance in multiprocessor benchmarks. It also
  makes some profiling using performance counters more accurate.
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  Please note that on systems with MONITOR/MWAIT support (like Intel EM64T
  CPUs) this option has no performance advantage over the normal idle loop.
  It may also interact badly with hyperthreading.
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Rebooting

   reboot=b[ios] | t[riple] | k[bd] [, [w]arm | [c]old]
   bios	  Use the CPU reboto vector for warm reset
   warm   Don't set the cold reboot flag
   cold   Set the cold reboot flag
   triple Force a triple fault (init)
   kbd    Use the keyboard controller. cold reset (default)

   Using warm reset will be much faster especially on big memory
   systems because the BIOS will not go through the memory check.
   Disadvantage is that not all hardware will be completely reinitialized
   on reboot so there may be boot problems on some systems.

   reboot=force

   Don't stop other CPUs on reboot. This can make reboot more reliable
   in some cases.

Non Executable Mappings

  noexec=on|off

  on      Enable(default)
  off     Disable

SMP

  nosmp	Only use a single CPU

  maxcpus=NUMBER only use upto NUMBER CPUs

  cpumask=MASK   only use cpus with bits set in mask

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  additional_cpus=NUM Allow NUM more CPUs for hotplug
		 (defaults are specified by the BIOS or half the available CPUs)

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NUMA

  numa=off	Only set up a single NUMA node spanning all memory.

  numa=noacpi   Don't parse the SRAT table for NUMA setup

  numa=fake=X   Fake X nodes and ignore NUMA setup of the actual machine.

ACPI

  acpi=off	Don't enable ACPI
  acpi=ht	Use ACPI boot table parsing, but don't enable ACPI
		interpreter
  acpi=force	Force ACPI on (currently not needed)

  acpi=strict   Disable out of spec ACPI workarounds.

  acpi_sci={edge,level,high,low}  Set up ACPI SCI interrupt.

  acpi=noirq	Don't route interrupts

PCI

  pci=off	Don't use PCI
  pci=conf1	Use conf1 access.
  pci=conf2	Use conf2 access.
  pci=rom	Assign ROMs.
  pci=assign-busses    Assign busses
  pci=irqmask=MASK	       Set PCI interrupt mask to MASK
  pci=lastbus=NUMBER	       Scan upto NUMBER busses, no matter what the mptable says.
  pci=noacpi		Don't use ACPI to set up PCI interrupt routing.

IOMMU

 iommu=[size][,noagp][,off][,force][,noforce][,leak][,memaper[=order]][,merge]
         [,forcesac][,fullflush][,nomerge][,noaperture]
   size  set size of iommu (in bytes)
   noagp don't initialize the AGP driver and use full aperture.
   off   don't use the IOMMU
   leak  turn on simple iommu leak tracing (only when CONFIG_IOMMU_LEAK is on)
   memaper[=order] allocate an own aperture over RAM with size 32MB^order.
   noforce don't force IOMMU usage. Default.
   force  Force IOMMU.
   merge  Do SG merging. Implies force (experimental)
   nomerge Don't do SG merging.
   forcesac For SAC mode for masks <40bits  (experimental)
   fullflush Flush IOMMU on each allocation (default)
   nofullflush Don't use IOMMU fullflush
   allowed  overwrite iommu off workarounds for specific chipsets.
   soft	 Use software bounce buffering (default for Intel machines)
   noaperture Don't touch the aperture for AGP.

  swiotlb=pages[,force]

  pages  Prereserve that many 128K pages for the software IO bounce buffering.
  force  Force all IO through the software TLB.

Debugging

  oops=panic Always panic on oopses. Default is to just kill the process,
	     but there is a small probability of deadlocking the machine.
	     This will also cause panics on machine check exceptions.
	     Useful together with panic=30 to trigger a reboot.

  kstack=N   Print that many words from the kernel stack in oops dumps.

Misc

  noreplacement  Don't replace instructions with more appropiate ones
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		 for the CPU. This may be useful on asymmetric MP systems
		 where some CPU have less capabilities than the others.