css.c 19 KB
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/*
 *  drivers/s390/cio/css.c
 *  driver for channel subsystem
 *
 *    Copyright (C) 2002 IBM Deutschland Entwicklung GmbH,
 *			 IBM Corporation
 *    Author(s): Arnd Bergmann (arndb@de.ibm.com)
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 *		 Cornelia Huck (cornelia.huck@de.ibm.com)
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 */
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
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#include <linux/reboot.h>
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#include "css.h"
#include "cio.h"
#include "cio_debug.h"
#include "ioasm.h"
#include "chsc.h"
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#include "device.h"
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#include "idset.h"
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#include "chp.h"
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int css_init_done = 0;
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static int need_reprobe = 0;
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static int max_ssid = 0;
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struct channel_subsystem *channel_subsystems[__MAX_CSSID + 1];
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int css_characteristics_avail = 0;
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int
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for_each_subchannel(int(*fn)(struct subchannel_id, void *), void *data)
{
	struct subchannel_id schid;
	int ret;

	init_subchannel_id(&schid);
	ret = -ENODEV;
	do {
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		do {
			ret = fn(schid, data);
			if (ret)
				break;
		} while (schid.sch_no++ < __MAX_SUBCHANNEL);
		schid.sch_no = 0;
	} while (schid.ssid++ < max_ssid);
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	return ret;
}

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static struct subchannel *
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css_alloc_subchannel(struct subchannel_id schid)
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{
	struct subchannel *sch;
	int ret;

	sch = kmalloc (sizeof (*sch), GFP_KERNEL | GFP_DMA);
	if (sch == NULL)
		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
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	ret = cio_validate_subchannel (sch, schid);
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	if (ret < 0) {
		kfree(sch);
		return ERR_PTR(ret);
	}

	if (sch->st != SUBCHANNEL_TYPE_IO) {
		/* For now we ignore all non-io subchannels. */
		kfree(sch);
		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
	}

	/* 
	 * Set intparm to subchannel address.
	 * This is fine even on 64bit since the subchannel is always located
	 * under 2G.
	 */
	sch->schib.pmcw.intparm = (__u32)(unsigned long)sch;
	ret = cio_modify(sch);
	if (ret) {
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		kfree(sch->lock);
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		kfree(sch);
		return ERR_PTR(ret);
	}
	return sch;
}

static void
css_free_subchannel(struct subchannel *sch)
{
	if (sch) {
		/* Reset intparm to zeroes. */
		sch->schib.pmcw.intparm = 0;
		cio_modify(sch);
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		kfree(sch->lock);
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		kfree(sch);
	}
}

static void
css_subchannel_release(struct device *dev)
{
	struct subchannel *sch;

	sch = to_subchannel(dev);
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	if (!cio_is_console(sch->schid)) {
		kfree(sch->lock);
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		kfree(sch);
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	}
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}

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static int css_sch_device_register(struct subchannel *sch)
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{
	int ret;

	mutex_lock(&sch->reg_mutex);
	ret = device_register(&sch->dev);
	mutex_unlock(&sch->reg_mutex);
	return ret;
}

void css_sch_device_unregister(struct subchannel *sch)
{
	mutex_lock(&sch->reg_mutex);
	device_unregister(&sch->dev);
	mutex_unlock(&sch->reg_mutex);
}

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static void ssd_from_pmcw(struct chsc_ssd_info *ssd, struct pmcw *pmcw)
{
	int i;
	int mask;

	memset(ssd, 0, sizeof(struct chsc_ssd_info));
	ssd->path_mask = pmcw->pim;
	for (i = 0; i < 8; i++) {
		mask = 0x80 >> i;
		if (pmcw->pim & mask) {
			chp_id_init(&ssd->chpid[i]);
			ssd->chpid[i].id = pmcw->chpid[i];
		}
	}
}

static void ssd_register_chpids(struct chsc_ssd_info *ssd)
{
	int i;
	int mask;

	for (i = 0; i < 8; i++) {
		mask = 0x80 >> i;
		if (ssd->path_mask & mask)
			if (!chp_is_registered(ssd->chpid[i]))
				chp_new(ssd->chpid[i]);
	}
}

void css_update_ssd_info(struct subchannel *sch)
{
	int ret;

	if (cio_is_console(sch->schid)) {
		/* Console is initialized too early for functions requiring
		 * memory allocation. */
		ssd_from_pmcw(&sch->ssd_info, &sch->schib.pmcw);
	} else {
		ret = chsc_get_ssd_info(sch->schid, &sch->ssd_info);
		if (ret)
			ssd_from_pmcw(&sch->ssd_info, &sch->schib.pmcw);
		ssd_register_chpids(&sch->ssd_info);
	}
}

static int css_register_subchannel(struct subchannel *sch)
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{
	int ret;

	/* Initialize the subchannel structure */
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	sch->dev.parent = &channel_subsystems[0]->device;
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	sch->dev.bus = &css_bus_type;
	sch->dev.release = &css_subchannel_release;
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	sch->dev.groups = subch_attr_groups;
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	/*
	 * We don't want to generate uevents for I/O subchannels that don't
	 * have a working ccw device behind them since they will be
	 * unregistered before they can be used anyway, so we delay the add
	 * uevent until after device recognition was successful.
	 */
	if (!cio_is_console(sch->schid))
		/* Console is special, no need to suppress. */
		sch->dev.uevent_suppress = 1;
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	css_update_ssd_info(sch);
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	/* make it known to the system */
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	ret = css_sch_device_register(sch);
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	if (ret) {
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		CIO_MSG_EVENT(0, "Could not register sch 0.%x.%04x: %d\n",
			      sch->schid.ssid, sch->schid.sch_no, ret);
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		return ret;
	}
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	return ret;
}

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static int css_probe_device(struct subchannel_id schid)
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{
	int ret;
	struct subchannel *sch;

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	sch = css_alloc_subchannel(schid);
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	if (IS_ERR(sch))
		return PTR_ERR(sch);
	ret = css_register_subchannel(sch);
	if (ret)
		css_free_subchannel(sch);
	return ret;
}

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static int
check_subchannel(struct device * dev, void * data)
{
	struct subchannel *sch;
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	struct subchannel_id *schid = data;
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	sch = to_subchannel(dev);
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	return schid_equal(&sch->schid, schid);
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}

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struct subchannel *
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get_subchannel_by_schid(struct subchannel_id schid)
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{
	struct device *dev;

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	dev = bus_find_device(&css_bus_type, NULL,
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			      &schid, check_subchannel);
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	return dev ? to_subchannel(dev) : NULL;
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}

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static int css_get_subchannel_status(struct subchannel *sch)
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{
	struct schib schib;

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	if (stsch(sch->schid, &schib) || !schib.pmcw.dnv)
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		return CIO_GONE;
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	if (sch->schib.pmcw.dnv && (schib.pmcw.dev != sch->schib.pmcw.dev))
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		return CIO_REVALIDATE;
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	if (!sch->lpm)
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		return CIO_NO_PATH;
	return CIO_OPER;
}
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static int css_evaluate_known_subchannel(struct subchannel *sch, int slow)
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{
	int event, ret, disc;
	unsigned long flags;
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	enum { NONE, UNREGISTER, UNREGISTER_PROBE, REPROBE } action;
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	spin_lock_irqsave(sch->lock, flags);
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	disc = device_is_disconnected(sch);
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	if (disc && slow) {
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		/* Disconnected devices are evaluated directly only.*/
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		spin_unlock_irqrestore(sch->lock, flags);
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		return 0;
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	}
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	/* No interrupt after machine check - kill pending timers. */
	device_kill_pending_timer(sch);
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	if (!disc && !slow) {
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		/* Non-disconnected devices are evaluated on the slow path. */
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		spin_unlock_irqrestore(sch->lock, flags);
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		return -EAGAIN;
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	}
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	event = css_get_subchannel_status(sch);
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	CIO_MSG_EVENT(4, "Evaluating schid 0.%x.%04x, event %d, %s, %s path.\n",
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		      sch->schid.ssid, sch->schid.sch_no, event,
		      disc ? "disconnected" : "normal",
		      slow ? "slow" : "fast");
	/* Analyze subchannel status. */
	action = NONE;
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	switch (event) {
	case CIO_NO_PATH:
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		if (disc) {
			/* Check if paths have become available. */
			action = REPROBE;
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			break;
		}
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		/* fall through */
	case CIO_GONE:
		/* Prevent unwanted effects when opening lock. */
		cio_disable_subchannel(sch);
		device_set_disconnected(sch);
		/* Ask driver what to do with device. */
		action = UNREGISTER;
		if (sch->driver && sch->driver->notify) {
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			spin_unlock_irqrestore(sch->lock, flags);
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			ret = sch->driver->notify(&sch->dev, event);
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			spin_lock_irqsave(sch->lock, flags);
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			if (ret)
				action = NONE;
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		}
		break;
	case CIO_REVALIDATE:
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		/* Device will be removed, so no notify necessary. */
		if (disc)
			/* Reprobe because immediate unregister might block. */
			action = REPROBE;
		else
			action = UNREGISTER_PROBE;
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		break;
	case CIO_OPER:
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		if (disc)
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			/* Get device operational again. */
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			action = REPROBE;
		break;
	}
	/* Perform action. */
	ret = 0;
	switch (action) {
	case UNREGISTER:
	case UNREGISTER_PROBE:
		/* Unregister device (will use subchannel lock). */
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		spin_unlock_irqrestore(sch->lock, flags);
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		css_sch_device_unregister(sch);
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		spin_lock_irqsave(sch->lock, flags);
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		/* Reset intparm to zeroes. */
		sch->schib.pmcw.intparm = 0;
		cio_modify(sch);
		break;
	case REPROBE:
		device_trigger_reprobe(sch);
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		break;
	default:
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		break;
	}
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	spin_unlock_irqrestore(sch->lock, flags);
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	/* Probe if necessary. */
	if (action == UNREGISTER_PROBE)
		ret = css_probe_device(sch->schid);
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	return ret;
}

static int css_evaluate_new_subchannel(struct subchannel_id schid, int slow)
{
	struct schib schib;

	if (!slow) {
		/* Will be done on the slow path. */
		return -EAGAIN;
	}
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	if (stsch_err(schid, &schib) || !schib.pmcw.dnv) {
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		/* Unusable - ignore. */
		return 0;
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	}
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	CIO_MSG_EVENT(4, "Evaluating schid 0.%x.%04x, event %d, unknown, "
			 "slow path.\n", schid.ssid, schid.sch_no, CIO_OPER);

	return css_probe_device(schid);
}

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static void css_evaluate_subchannel(struct subchannel_id schid, int slow)
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{
	struct subchannel *sch;
	int ret;

	sch = get_subchannel_by_schid(schid);
	if (sch) {
		ret = css_evaluate_known_subchannel(sch, slow);
		put_device(&sch->dev);
	} else
		ret = css_evaluate_new_subchannel(schid, slow);
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	if (ret == -EAGAIN)
		css_schedule_eval(schid);
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}

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static struct idset *slow_subchannel_set;
static spinlock_t slow_subchannel_lock;

static int __init slow_subchannel_init(void)
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{
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	spin_lock_init(&slow_subchannel_lock);
	slow_subchannel_set = idset_sch_new();
	if (!slow_subchannel_set) {
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		CIO_MSG_EVENT(0, "could not allocate slow subchannel set\n");
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		return -ENOMEM;
	}
	return 0;
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}

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static void css_slow_path_func(struct work_struct *unused)
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{
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	struct subchannel_id schid;
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	CIO_TRACE_EVENT(4, "slowpath");
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	spin_lock_irq(&slow_subchannel_lock);
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	init_subchannel_id(&schid);
	while (idset_sch_get_first(slow_subchannel_set, &schid)) {
		idset_sch_del(slow_subchannel_set, schid);
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		spin_unlock_irq(&slow_subchannel_lock);
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		css_evaluate_subchannel(schid, 1);
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		spin_lock_irq(&slow_subchannel_lock);
	}
	spin_unlock_irq(&slow_subchannel_lock);
}

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static DECLARE_WORK(slow_path_work, css_slow_path_func);
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struct workqueue_struct *slow_path_wq;

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void css_schedule_eval(struct subchannel_id schid)
{
	unsigned long flags;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&slow_subchannel_lock, flags);
	idset_sch_add(slow_subchannel_set, schid);
	queue_work(slow_path_wq, &slow_path_work);
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&slow_subchannel_lock, flags);
}

void css_schedule_eval_all(void)
{
	unsigned long flags;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&slow_subchannel_lock, flags);
	idset_fill(slow_subchannel_set);
	queue_work(slow_path_wq, &slow_path_work);
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&slow_subchannel_lock, flags);
}

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/* Reprobe subchannel if unregistered. */
static int reprobe_subchannel(struct subchannel_id schid, void *data)
{
	struct subchannel *sch;
	int ret;

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	CIO_MSG_EVENT(6, "cio: reprobe 0.%x.%04x\n",
		      schid.ssid, schid.sch_no);
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	if (need_reprobe)
		return -EAGAIN;

	sch = get_subchannel_by_schid(schid);
	if (sch) {
		/* Already known. */
		put_device(&sch->dev);
		return 0;
	}

	ret = css_probe_device(schid);
	switch (ret) {
	case 0:
		break;
	case -ENXIO:
	case -ENOMEM:
		/* These should abort looping */
		break;
	default:
		ret = 0;
	}

	return ret;
}

/* Work function used to reprobe all unregistered subchannels. */
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static void reprobe_all(struct work_struct *unused)
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{
	int ret;

	CIO_MSG_EVENT(2, "reprobe start\n");

	need_reprobe = 0;
	/* Make sure initial subchannel scan is done. */
	wait_event(ccw_device_init_wq,
		   atomic_read(&ccw_device_init_count) == 0);
	ret = for_each_subchannel(reprobe_subchannel, NULL);

	CIO_MSG_EVENT(2, "reprobe done (rc=%d, need_reprobe=%d)\n", ret,
		      need_reprobe);
}

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static DECLARE_WORK(css_reprobe_work, reprobe_all);
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/* Schedule reprobing of all unregistered subchannels. */
void css_schedule_reprobe(void)
{
	need_reprobe = 1;
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	queue_work(slow_path_wq, &css_reprobe_work);
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}

EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(css_schedule_reprobe);

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/*
 * Called from the machine check handler for subchannel report words.
 */
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void css_process_crw(int rsid1, int rsid2)
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{
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	struct subchannel_id mchk_schid;
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	CIO_CRW_EVENT(2, "source is subchannel %04X, subsystem id %x\n",
		      rsid1, rsid2);
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	init_subchannel_id(&mchk_schid);
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	mchk_schid.sch_no = rsid1;
	if (rsid2 != 0)
		mchk_schid.ssid = (rsid2 >> 8) & 3;

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	/* 
	 * Since we are always presented with IPI in the CRW, we have to
	 * use stsch() to find out if the subchannel in question has come
	 * or gone.
	 */
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	css_evaluate_subchannel(mchk_schid, 0);
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}

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static int __init
__init_channel_subsystem(struct subchannel_id schid, void *data)
{
	struct subchannel *sch;
	int ret;

	if (cio_is_console(schid))
		sch = cio_get_console_subchannel();
	else {
		sch = css_alloc_subchannel(schid);
		if (IS_ERR(sch))
			ret = PTR_ERR(sch);
		else
			ret = 0;
		switch (ret) {
		case 0:
			break;
		case -ENOMEM:
			panic("Out of memory in init_channel_subsystem\n");
		/* -ENXIO: no more subchannels. */
		case -ENXIO:
			return ret;
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		/* -EIO: this subchannel set not supported. */
		case -EIO:
			return ret;
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		default:
			return 0;
		}
	}
	/*
	 * We register ALL valid subchannels in ioinfo, even those
	 * that have been present before init_channel_subsystem.
	 * These subchannels can't have been registered yet (kmalloc
	 * not working) so we do it now. This is true e.g. for the
	 * console subchannel.
	 */
	css_register_subchannel(sch);
	return 0;
}

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static void __init
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css_generate_pgid(struct channel_subsystem *css, u32 tod_high)
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{
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	if (css_characteristics_avail && css_general_characteristics.mcss) {
		css->global_pgid.pgid_high.ext_cssid.version = 0x80;
		css->global_pgid.pgid_high.ext_cssid.cssid = css->cssid;
	} else {
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#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
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		css->global_pgid.pgid_high.cpu_addr = hard_smp_processor_id();
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#else
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		css->global_pgid.pgid_high.cpu_addr = 0;
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#endif
	}
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	css->global_pgid.cpu_id = ((cpuid_t *) __LC_CPUID)->ident;
	css->global_pgid.cpu_model = ((cpuid_t *) __LC_CPUID)->machine;
	css->global_pgid.tod_high = tod_high;

}

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static void
channel_subsystem_release(struct device *dev)
{
	struct channel_subsystem *css;

	css = to_css(dev);
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	mutex_destroy(&css->mutex);
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	kfree(css);
}

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static ssize_t
css_cm_enable_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
		   char *buf)
{
	struct channel_subsystem *css = to_css(dev);

	if (!css)
		return 0;
	return sprintf(buf, "%x\n", css->cm_enabled);
}

static ssize_t
css_cm_enable_store(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
		    const char *buf, size_t count)
{
	struct channel_subsystem *css = to_css(dev);
	int ret;

	switch (buf[0]) {
	case '0':
		ret = css->cm_enabled ? chsc_secm(css, 0) : 0;
		break;
	case '1':
		ret = css->cm_enabled ? 0 : chsc_secm(css, 1);
		break;
	default:
		ret = -EINVAL;
	}
	return ret < 0 ? ret : count;
}

static DEVICE_ATTR(cm_enable, 0644, css_cm_enable_show, css_cm_enable_store);

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static int __init setup_css(int nr)
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{
	u32 tod_high;
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	int ret;
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	struct channel_subsystem *css;
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	css = channel_subsystems[nr];
	memset(css, 0, sizeof(struct channel_subsystem));
	css->pseudo_subchannel =
		kzalloc(sizeof(*css->pseudo_subchannel), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!css->pseudo_subchannel)
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		return -ENOMEM;
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	css->pseudo_subchannel->dev.parent = &css->device;
	css->pseudo_subchannel->dev.release = css_subchannel_release;
	sprintf(css->pseudo_subchannel->dev.bus_id, "defunct");
	ret = cio_create_sch_lock(css->pseudo_subchannel);
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	if (ret) {
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		kfree(css->pseudo_subchannel);
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		return ret;
	}
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	mutex_init(&css->mutex);
	css->valid = 1;
	css->cssid = nr;
	sprintf(css->device.bus_id, "css%x", nr);
	css->device.release = channel_subsystem_release;
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	tod_high = (u32) (get_clock() >> 32);
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	css_generate_pgid(css, tod_high);
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	return 0;
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}

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static int css_reboot_event(struct notifier_block *this,
			    unsigned long event,
			    void *ptr)
{
	int ret, i;

	ret = NOTIFY_DONE;
	for (i = 0; i <= __MAX_CSSID; i++) {
		struct channel_subsystem *css;

		css = channel_subsystems[i];
		if (css->cm_enabled)
			if (chsc_secm(css, 0))
				ret = NOTIFY_BAD;
	}

	return ret;
}

static struct notifier_block css_reboot_notifier = {
	.notifier_call = css_reboot_event,
};

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/*
 * Now that the driver core is running, we can setup our channel subsystem.
 * The struct subchannel's are created during probing (except for the
 * static console subchannel).
 */
static int __init
init_channel_subsystem (void)
{
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	int ret, i;
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	ret = chsc_determine_css_characteristics();
	if (ret == -ENOMEM)
		goto out; /* No need to continue. */
	if (ret == 0)
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		css_characteristics_avail = 1;

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	ret = chsc_alloc_sei_area();
	if (ret)
		goto out;

	ret = slow_subchannel_init();
	if (ret)
		goto out;

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	if ((ret = bus_register(&css_bus_type)))
		goto out;

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	/* Try to enable MSS. */
	ret = chsc_enable_facility(CHSC_SDA_OC_MSS);
	switch (ret) {
	case 0: /* Success. */
		max_ssid = __MAX_SSID;
		break;
	case -ENOMEM:
		goto out_bus;
	default:
		max_ssid = 0;
	}
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	/* Setup css structure. */
	for (i = 0; i <= __MAX_CSSID; i++) {
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		struct channel_subsystem *css;

		css = kmalloc(sizeof(struct channel_subsystem), GFP_KERNEL);
		if (!css) {
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			ret = -ENOMEM;
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			goto out_unregister;
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		}
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		channel_subsystems[i] = css;
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		ret = setup_css(i);
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		if (ret)
			goto out_free;
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		ret = device_register(&css->device);
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		if (ret)
			goto out_free_all;
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		if (css_characteristics_avail &&
		    css_chsc_characteristics.secm) {
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			ret = device_create_file(&css->device,
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						 &dev_attr_cm_enable);
			if (ret)
				goto out_device;
		}
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		ret = device_register(&css->pseudo_subchannel->dev);
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		if (ret)
			goto out_file;
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	}
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	ret = register_reboot_notifier(&css_reboot_notifier);
	if (ret)
		goto out_pseudo;
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	css_init_done = 1;

	ctl_set_bit(6, 28);

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	for_each_subchannel(__init_channel_subsystem, NULL);
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	return 0;
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out_pseudo:
	device_unregister(&channel_subsystems[i]->pseudo_subchannel->dev);
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out_file:
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	device_remove_file(&channel_subsystems[i]->device,
			   &dev_attr_cm_enable);
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out_device:
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	device_unregister(&channel_subsystems[i]->device);
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out_free_all:
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	kfree(channel_subsystems[i]->pseudo_subchannel->lock);
	kfree(channel_subsystems[i]->pseudo_subchannel);
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out_free:
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	kfree(channel_subsystems[i]);
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out_unregister:
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	while (i > 0) {
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		struct channel_subsystem *css;

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		i--;
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		css = channel_subsystems[i];
		device_unregister(&css->pseudo_subchannel->dev);
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		if (css_characteristics_avail && css_chsc_characteristics.secm)
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			device_remove_file(&css->device,
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					   &dev_attr_cm_enable);
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		device_unregister(&css->device);
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	}
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out_bus:
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	bus_unregister(&css_bus_type);
out:
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	chsc_free_sei_area();
	kfree(slow_subchannel_set);
	printk(KERN_WARNING"cio: failed to initialize css driver (%d)!\n",
	       ret);
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	return ret;
}

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int sch_is_pseudo_sch(struct subchannel *sch)
{
	return sch == to_css(sch->dev.parent)->pseudo_subchannel;
}

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/*
 * find a driver for a subchannel. They identify by the subchannel
 * type with the exception that the console subchannel driver has its own
 * subchannel type although the device is an i/o subchannel
 */
static int
css_bus_match (struct device *dev, struct device_driver *drv)
{
	struct subchannel *sch = container_of (dev, struct subchannel, dev);
	struct css_driver *driver = container_of (drv, struct css_driver, drv);

	if (sch->st == driver->subchannel_type)
		return 1;

	return 0;
}

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static int
css_probe (struct device *dev)
{
	struct subchannel *sch;

	sch = to_subchannel(dev);
	sch->driver = container_of (dev->driver, struct css_driver, drv);
	return (sch->driver->probe ? sch->driver->probe(sch) : 0);
}

static int
css_remove (struct device *dev)
{
	struct subchannel *sch;

	sch = to_subchannel(dev);
	return (sch->driver->remove ? sch->driver->remove(sch) : 0);
}

static void
css_shutdown (struct device *dev)
{
	struct subchannel *sch;

	sch = to_subchannel(dev);
	if (sch->driver->shutdown)
		sch->driver->shutdown(sch);
}

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struct bus_type css_bus_type = {
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	.name     = "css",
	.match    = css_bus_match,
	.probe    = css_probe,
	.remove   = css_remove,
	.shutdown = css_shutdown,
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};

subsys_initcall(init_channel_subsystem);

MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
EXPORT_SYMBOL(css_bus_type);
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(css_characteristics_avail);