tree-log.c 82.9 KB
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/*
 * Copyright (C) 2008 Oracle.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public
 * License v2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 * General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public
 * License along with this program; if not, write to the
 * Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
 * Boston, MA 021110-1307, USA.
 */

#include <linux/sched.h>
#include "ctree.h"
#include "transaction.h"
#include "disk-io.h"
#include "locking.h"
#include "print-tree.h"
#include "compat.h"
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#include "tree-log.h"
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/* magic values for the inode_only field in btrfs_log_inode:
 *
 * LOG_INODE_ALL means to log everything
 * LOG_INODE_EXISTS means to log just enough to recreate the inode
 * during log replay
 */
#define LOG_INODE_ALL 0
#define LOG_INODE_EXISTS 1

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/*
 * directory trouble cases
 *
 * 1) on rename or unlink, if the inode being unlinked isn't in the fsync
 * log, we must force a full commit before doing an fsync of the directory
 * where the unlink was done.
 * ---> record transid of last unlink/rename per directory
 *
 * mkdir foo/some_dir
 * normal commit
 * rename foo/some_dir foo2/some_dir
 * mkdir foo/some_dir
 * fsync foo/some_dir/some_file
 *
 * The fsync above will unlink the original some_dir without recording
 * it in its new location (foo2).  After a crash, some_dir will be gone
 * unless the fsync of some_file forces a full commit
 *
 * 2) we must log any new names for any file or dir that is in the fsync
 * log. ---> check inode while renaming/linking.
 *
 * 2a) we must log any new names for any file or dir during rename
 * when the directory they are being removed from was logged.
 * ---> check inode and old parent dir during rename
 *
 *  2a is actually the more important variant.  With the extra logging
 *  a crash might unlink the old name without recreating the new one
 *
 * 3) after a crash, we must go through any directories with a link count
 * of zero and redo the rm -rf
 *
 * mkdir f1/foo
 * normal commit
 * rm -rf f1/foo
 * fsync(f1)
 *
 * The directory f1 was fully removed from the FS, but fsync was never
 * called on f1, only its parent dir.  After a crash the rm -rf must
 * be replayed.  This must be able to recurse down the entire
 * directory tree.  The inode link count fixup code takes care of the
 * ugly details.
 */

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/*
 * stages for the tree walking.  The first
 * stage (0) is to only pin down the blocks we find
 * the second stage (1) is to make sure that all the inodes
 * we find in the log are created in the subvolume.
 *
 * The last stage is to deal with directories and links and extents
 * and all the other fun semantics
 */
#define LOG_WALK_PIN_ONLY 0
#define LOG_WALK_REPLAY_INODES 1
#define LOG_WALK_REPLAY_ALL 2

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static int btrfs_log_inode(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
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			     struct btrfs_root *root, struct inode *inode,
			     int inode_only);
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static int link_to_fixup_dir(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
			     struct btrfs_root *root,
			     struct btrfs_path *path, u64 objectid);
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static noinline int replay_dir_deletes(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
				       struct btrfs_root *root,
				       struct btrfs_root *log,
				       struct btrfs_path *path,
				       u64 dirid, int del_all);
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/*
 * tree logging is a special write ahead log used to make sure that
 * fsyncs and O_SYNCs can happen without doing full tree commits.
 *
 * Full tree commits are expensive because they require commonly
 * modified blocks to be recowed, creating many dirty pages in the
 * extent tree an 4x-6x higher write load than ext3.
 *
 * Instead of doing a tree commit on every fsync, we use the
 * key ranges and transaction ids to find items for a given file or directory
 * that have changed in this transaction.  Those items are copied into
 * a special tree (one per subvolume root), that tree is written to disk
 * and then the fsync is considered complete.
 *
 * After a crash, items are copied out of the log-tree back into the
 * subvolume tree.  Any file data extents found are recorded in the extent
 * allocation tree, and the log-tree freed.
 *
 * The log tree is read three times, once to pin down all the extents it is
 * using in ram and once, once to create all the inodes logged in the tree
 * and once to do all the other items.
 */

/*
 * start a sub transaction and setup the log tree
 * this increments the log tree writer count to make the people
 * syncing the tree wait for us to finish
 */
static int start_log_trans(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
			   struct btrfs_root *root)
{
	int ret;
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	mutex_lock(&root->log_mutex);
	if (root->log_root) {
		root->log_batch++;
		atomic_inc(&root->log_writers);
		mutex_unlock(&root->log_mutex);
		return 0;
	}
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	mutex_lock(&root->fs_info->tree_log_mutex);
	if (!root->fs_info->log_root_tree) {
		ret = btrfs_init_log_root_tree(trans, root->fs_info);
		BUG_ON(ret);
	}
	if (!root->log_root) {
		ret = btrfs_add_log_tree(trans, root);
		BUG_ON(ret);
	}
	mutex_unlock(&root->fs_info->tree_log_mutex);
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	root->log_batch++;
	atomic_inc(&root->log_writers);
	mutex_unlock(&root->log_mutex);
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	return 0;
}

/*
 * returns 0 if there was a log transaction running and we were able
 * to join, or returns -ENOENT if there were not transactions
 * in progress
 */
static int join_running_log_trans(struct btrfs_root *root)
{
	int ret = -ENOENT;

	smp_mb();
	if (!root->log_root)
		return -ENOENT;

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	mutex_lock(&root->log_mutex);
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	if (root->log_root) {
		ret = 0;
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		atomic_inc(&root->log_writers);
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	}
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	mutex_unlock(&root->log_mutex);
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	return ret;
}

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/*
 * This either makes the current running log transaction wait
 * until you call btrfs_end_log_trans() or it makes any future
 * log transactions wait until you call btrfs_end_log_trans()
 */
int btrfs_pin_log_trans(struct btrfs_root *root)
{
	int ret = -ENOENT;

	mutex_lock(&root->log_mutex);
	atomic_inc(&root->log_writers);
	mutex_unlock(&root->log_mutex);
	return ret;
}

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/*
 * indicate we're done making changes to the log tree
 * and wake up anyone waiting to do a sync
 */
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int btrfs_end_log_trans(struct btrfs_root *root)
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{
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	if (atomic_dec_and_test(&root->log_writers)) {
		smp_mb();
		if (waitqueue_active(&root->log_writer_wait))
			wake_up(&root->log_writer_wait);
	}
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	return 0;
}


/*
 * the walk control struct is used to pass state down the chain when
 * processing the log tree.  The stage field tells us which part
 * of the log tree processing we are currently doing.  The others
 * are state fields used for that specific part
 */
struct walk_control {
	/* should we free the extent on disk when done?  This is used
	 * at transaction commit time while freeing a log tree
	 */
	int free;

	/* should we write out the extent buffer?  This is used
	 * while flushing the log tree to disk during a sync
	 */
	int write;

	/* should we wait for the extent buffer io to finish?  Also used
	 * while flushing the log tree to disk for a sync
	 */
	int wait;

	/* pin only walk, we record which extents on disk belong to the
	 * log trees
	 */
	int pin;

	/* what stage of the replay code we're currently in */
	int stage;

	/* the root we are currently replaying */
	struct btrfs_root *replay_dest;

	/* the trans handle for the current replay */
	struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans;

	/* the function that gets used to process blocks we find in the
	 * tree.  Note the extent_buffer might not be up to date when it is
	 * passed in, and it must be checked or read if you need the data
	 * inside it
	 */
	int (*process_func)(struct btrfs_root *log, struct extent_buffer *eb,
			    struct walk_control *wc, u64 gen);
};

/*
 * process_func used to pin down extents, write them or wait on them
 */
static int process_one_buffer(struct btrfs_root *log,
			      struct extent_buffer *eb,
			      struct walk_control *wc, u64 gen)
{
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	if (wc->pin)
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		btrfs_update_pinned_extents(log->fs_info->extent_root,
					    eb->start, eb->len, 1);

	if (btrfs_buffer_uptodate(eb, gen)) {
		if (wc->write)
			btrfs_write_tree_block(eb);
		if (wc->wait)
			btrfs_wait_tree_block_writeback(eb);
	}
	return 0;
}

/*
 * Item overwrite used by replay and tree logging.  eb, slot and key all refer
 * to the src data we are copying out.
 *
 * root is the tree we are copying into, and path is a scratch
 * path for use in this function (it should be released on entry and
 * will be released on exit).
 *
 * If the key is already in the destination tree the existing item is
 * overwritten.  If the existing item isn't big enough, it is extended.
 * If it is too large, it is truncated.
 *
 * If the key isn't in the destination yet, a new item is inserted.
 */
static noinline int overwrite_item(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
				   struct btrfs_root *root,
				   struct btrfs_path *path,
				   struct extent_buffer *eb, int slot,
				   struct btrfs_key *key)
{
	int ret;
	u32 item_size;
	u64 saved_i_size = 0;
	int save_old_i_size = 0;
	unsigned long src_ptr;
	unsigned long dst_ptr;
	int overwrite_root = 0;

	if (root->root_key.objectid != BTRFS_TREE_LOG_OBJECTID)
		overwrite_root = 1;

	item_size = btrfs_item_size_nr(eb, slot);
	src_ptr = btrfs_item_ptr_offset(eb, slot);

	/* look for the key in the destination tree */
	ret = btrfs_search_slot(NULL, root, key, path, 0, 0);
	if (ret == 0) {
		char *src_copy;
		char *dst_copy;
		u32 dst_size = btrfs_item_size_nr(path->nodes[0],
						  path->slots[0]);
		if (dst_size != item_size)
			goto insert;

		if (item_size == 0) {
			btrfs_release_path(root, path);
			return 0;
		}
		dst_copy = kmalloc(item_size, GFP_NOFS);
		src_copy = kmalloc(item_size, GFP_NOFS);

		read_extent_buffer(eb, src_copy, src_ptr, item_size);

		dst_ptr = btrfs_item_ptr_offset(path->nodes[0], path->slots[0]);
		read_extent_buffer(path->nodes[0], dst_copy, dst_ptr,
				   item_size);
		ret = memcmp(dst_copy, src_copy, item_size);

		kfree(dst_copy);
		kfree(src_copy);
		/*
		 * they have the same contents, just return, this saves
		 * us from cowing blocks in the destination tree and doing
		 * extra writes that may not have been done by a previous
		 * sync
		 */
		if (ret == 0) {
			btrfs_release_path(root, path);
			return 0;
		}

	}
insert:
	btrfs_release_path(root, path);
	/* try to insert the key into the destination tree */
	ret = btrfs_insert_empty_item(trans, root, path,
				      key, item_size);

	/* make sure any existing item is the correct size */
	if (ret == -EEXIST) {
		u32 found_size;
		found_size = btrfs_item_size_nr(path->nodes[0],
						path->slots[0]);
		if (found_size > item_size) {
			btrfs_truncate_item(trans, root, path, item_size, 1);
		} else if (found_size < item_size) {
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			ret = btrfs_extend_item(trans, root, path,
						item_size - found_size);
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			BUG_ON(ret);
		}
	} else if (ret) {
		BUG();
	}
	dst_ptr = btrfs_item_ptr_offset(path->nodes[0],
					path->slots[0]);

	/* don't overwrite an existing inode if the generation number
	 * was logged as zero.  This is done when the tree logging code
	 * is just logging an inode to make sure it exists after recovery.
	 *
	 * Also, don't overwrite i_size on directories during replay.
	 * log replay inserts and removes directory items based on the
	 * state of the tree found in the subvolume, and i_size is modified
	 * as it goes
	 */
	if (key->type == BTRFS_INODE_ITEM_KEY && ret == -EEXIST) {
		struct btrfs_inode_item *src_item;
		struct btrfs_inode_item *dst_item;

		src_item = (struct btrfs_inode_item *)src_ptr;
		dst_item = (struct btrfs_inode_item *)dst_ptr;

		if (btrfs_inode_generation(eb, src_item) == 0)
			goto no_copy;

		if (overwrite_root &&
		    S_ISDIR(btrfs_inode_mode(eb, src_item)) &&
		    S_ISDIR(btrfs_inode_mode(path->nodes[0], dst_item))) {
			save_old_i_size = 1;
			saved_i_size = btrfs_inode_size(path->nodes[0],
							dst_item);
		}
	}

	copy_extent_buffer(path->nodes[0], eb, dst_ptr,
			   src_ptr, item_size);

	if (save_old_i_size) {
		struct btrfs_inode_item *dst_item;
		dst_item = (struct btrfs_inode_item *)dst_ptr;
		btrfs_set_inode_size(path->nodes[0], dst_item, saved_i_size);
	}

	/* make sure the generation is filled in */
	if (key->type == BTRFS_INODE_ITEM_KEY) {
		struct btrfs_inode_item *dst_item;
		dst_item = (struct btrfs_inode_item *)dst_ptr;
		if (btrfs_inode_generation(path->nodes[0], dst_item) == 0) {
			btrfs_set_inode_generation(path->nodes[0], dst_item,
						   trans->transid);
		}
	}
no_copy:
	btrfs_mark_buffer_dirty(path->nodes[0]);
	btrfs_release_path(root, path);
	return 0;
}

/*
 * simple helper to read an inode off the disk from a given root
 * This can only be called for subvolume roots and not for the log
 */
static noinline struct inode *read_one_inode(struct btrfs_root *root,
					     u64 objectid)
{
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	struct btrfs_key key;
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	struct inode *inode;

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	key.objectid = objectid;
	key.type = BTRFS_INODE_ITEM_KEY;
	key.offset = 0;
	inode = btrfs_iget(root->fs_info->sb, &key, root);
	if (IS_ERR(inode)) {
		inode = NULL;
	} else if (is_bad_inode(inode)) {
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		iput(inode);
		inode = NULL;
	}
	return inode;
}

/* replays a single extent in 'eb' at 'slot' with 'key' into the
 * subvolume 'root'.  path is released on entry and should be released
 * on exit.
 *
 * extents in the log tree have not been allocated out of the extent
 * tree yet.  So, this completes the allocation, taking a reference
 * as required if the extent already exists or creating a new extent
 * if it isn't in the extent allocation tree yet.
 *
 * The extent is inserted into the file, dropping any existing extents
 * from the file that overlap the new one.
 */
static noinline int replay_one_extent(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
				      struct btrfs_root *root,
				      struct btrfs_path *path,
				      struct extent_buffer *eb, int slot,
				      struct btrfs_key *key)
{
	int found_type;
	u64 mask = root->sectorsize - 1;
	u64 extent_end;
	u64 alloc_hint;
	u64 start = key->offset;
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	u64 saved_nbytes;
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	struct btrfs_file_extent_item *item;
	struct inode *inode = NULL;
	unsigned long size;
	int ret = 0;

	item = btrfs_item_ptr(eb, slot, struct btrfs_file_extent_item);
	found_type = btrfs_file_extent_type(eb, item);

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	if (found_type == BTRFS_FILE_EXTENT_REG ||
	    found_type == BTRFS_FILE_EXTENT_PREALLOC)
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		extent_end = start + btrfs_file_extent_num_bytes(eb, item);
	else if (found_type == BTRFS_FILE_EXTENT_INLINE) {
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		size = btrfs_file_extent_inline_len(eb, item);
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		extent_end = (start + size + mask) & ~mask;
	} else {
		ret = 0;
		goto out;
	}

	inode = read_one_inode(root, key->objectid);
	if (!inode) {
		ret = -EIO;
		goto out;
	}

	/*
	 * first check to see if we already have this extent in the
	 * file.  This must be done before the btrfs_drop_extents run
	 * so we don't try to drop this extent.
	 */
	ret = btrfs_lookup_file_extent(trans, root, path, inode->i_ino,
				       start, 0);

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	if (ret == 0 &&
	    (found_type == BTRFS_FILE_EXTENT_REG ||
	     found_type == BTRFS_FILE_EXTENT_PREALLOC)) {
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		struct btrfs_file_extent_item cmp1;
		struct btrfs_file_extent_item cmp2;
		struct btrfs_file_extent_item *existing;
		struct extent_buffer *leaf;

		leaf = path->nodes[0];
		existing = btrfs_item_ptr(leaf, path->slots[0],
					  struct btrfs_file_extent_item);

		read_extent_buffer(eb, &cmp1, (unsigned long)item,
				   sizeof(cmp1));
		read_extent_buffer(leaf, &cmp2, (unsigned long)existing,
				   sizeof(cmp2));

		/*
		 * we already have a pointer to this exact extent,
		 * we don't have to do anything
		 */
		if (memcmp(&cmp1, &cmp2, sizeof(cmp1)) == 0) {
			btrfs_release_path(root, path);
			goto out;
		}
	}
	btrfs_release_path(root, path);

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	saved_nbytes = inode_get_bytes(inode);
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	/* drop any overlapping extents */
	ret = btrfs_drop_extents(trans, root, inode,
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			 start, extent_end, extent_end, start, &alloc_hint);
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	BUG_ON(ret);

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	if (found_type == BTRFS_FILE_EXTENT_REG ||
	    found_type == BTRFS_FILE_EXTENT_PREALLOC) {
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		u64 offset;
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		unsigned long dest_offset;
		struct btrfs_key ins;

		ret = btrfs_insert_empty_item(trans, root, path, key,
					      sizeof(*item));
		BUG_ON(ret);
		dest_offset = btrfs_item_ptr_offset(path->nodes[0],
						    path->slots[0]);
		copy_extent_buffer(path->nodes[0], eb, dest_offset,
				(unsigned long)item,  sizeof(*item));

		ins.objectid = btrfs_file_extent_disk_bytenr(eb, item);
		ins.offset = btrfs_file_extent_disk_num_bytes(eb, item);
		ins.type = BTRFS_EXTENT_ITEM_KEY;
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		offset = key->offset - btrfs_file_extent_offset(eb, item);
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		if (ins.objectid > 0) {
			u64 csum_start;
			u64 csum_end;
			LIST_HEAD(ordered_sums);
			/*
			 * is this extent already allocated in the extent
			 * allocation tree?  If so, just add a reference
			 */
			ret = btrfs_lookup_extent(root, ins.objectid,
						ins.offset);
			if (ret == 0) {
				ret = btrfs_inc_extent_ref(trans, root,
						ins.objectid, ins.offset,
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						0, root->root_key.objectid,
						key->objectid, offset);
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			} else {
				/*
				 * insert the extent pointer in the extent
				 * allocation tree
				 */
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				ret = btrfs_alloc_logged_file_extent(trans,
						root, root->root_key.objectid,
						key->objectid, offset, &ins);
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				BUG_ON(ret);
			}
			btrfs_release_path(root, path);

			if (btrfs_file_extent_compression(eb, item)) {
				csum_start = ins.objectid;
				csum_end = csum_start + ins.offset;
			} else {
				csum_start = ins.objectid +
					btrfs_file_extent_offset(eb, item);
				csum_end = csum_start +
					btrfs_file_extent_num_bytes(eb, item);
			}

			ret = btrfs_lookup_csums_range(root->log_root,
						csum_start, csum_end - 1,
						&ordered_sums);
			BUG_ON(ret);
			while (!list_empty(&ordered_sums)) {
				struct btrfs_ordered_sum *sums;
				sums = list_entry(ordered_sums.next,
						struct btrfs_ordered_sum,
						list);
				ret = btrfs_csum_file_blocks(trans,
						root->fs_info->csum_root,
						sums);
				BUG_ON(ret);
				list_del(&sums->list);
				kfree(sums);
			}
		} else {
			btrfs_release_path(root, path);
		}
	} else if (found_type == BTRFS_FILE_EXTENT_INLINE) {
		/* inline extents are easy, we just overwrite them */
		ret = overwrite_item(trans, root, path, eb, slot, key);
		BUG_ON(ret);
	}
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	inode_set_bytes(inode, saved_nbytes);
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	btrfs_update_inode(trans, root, inode);
out:
	if (inode)
		iput(inode);
	return ret;
}

/*
 * when cleaning up conflicts between the directory names in the
 * subvolume, directory names in the log and directory names in the
 * inode back references, we may have to unlink inodes from directories.
 *
 * This is a helper function to do the unlink of a specific directory
 * item
 */
static noinline int drop_one_dir_item(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
				      struct btrfs_root *root,
				      struct btrfs_path *path,
				      struct inode *dir,
				      struct btrfs_dir_item *di)
{
	struct inode *inode;
	char *name;
	int name_len;
	struct extent_buffer *leaf;
	struct btrfs_key location;
	int ret;

	leaf = path->nodes[0];

	btrfs_dir_item_key_to_cpu(leaf, di, &location);
	name_len = btrfs_dir_name_len(leaf, di);
	name = kmalloc(name_len, GFP_NOFS);
	read_extent_buffer(leaf, name, (unsigned long)(di + 1), name_len);
	btrfs_release_path(root, path);

	inode = read_one_inode(root, location.objectid);
	BUG_ON(!inode);

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	ret = link_to_fixup_dir(trans, root, path, location.objectid);
	BUG_ON(ret);
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	ret = btrfs_unlink_inode(trans, root, dir, inode, name, name_len);
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	BUG_ON(ret);
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	kfree(name);

	iput(inode);
	return ret;
}

/*
 * helper function to see if a given name and sequence number found
 * in an inode back reference are already in a directory and correctly
 * point to this inode
 */
static noinline int inode_in_dir(struct btrfs_root *root,
				 struct btrfs_path *path,
				 u64 dirid, u64 objectid, u64 index,
				 const char *name, int name_len)
{
	struct btrfs_dir_item *di;
	struct btrfs_key location;
	int match = 0;

	di = btrfs_lookup_dir_index_item(NULL, root, path, dirid,
					 index, name, name_len, 0);
	if (di && !IS_ERR(di)) {
		btrfs_dir_item_key_to_cpu(path->nodes[0], di, &location);
		if (location.objectid != objectid)
			goto out;
	} else
		goto out;
	btrfs_release_path(root, path);

	di = btrfs_lookup_dir_item(NULL, root, path, dirid, name, name_len, 0);
	if (di && !IS_ERR(di)) {
		btrfs_dir_item_key_to_cpu(path->nodes[0], di, &location);
		if (location.objectid != objectid)
			goto out;
	} else
		goto out;
	match = 1;
out:
	btrfs_release_path(root, path);
	return match;
}

/*
 * helper function to check a log tree for a named back reference in
 * an inode.  This is used to decide if a back reference that is
 * found in the subvolume conflicts with what we find in the log.
 *
 * inode backreferences may have multiple refs in a single item,
 * during replay we process one reference at a time, and we don't
 * want to delete valid links to a file from the subvolume if that
 * link is also in the log.
 */
static noinline int backref_in_log(struct btrfs_root *log,
				   struct btrfs_key *key,
				   char *name, int namelen)
{
	struct btrfs_path *path;
	struct btrfs_inode_ref *ref;
	unsigned long ptr;
	unsigned long ptr_end;
	unsigned long name_ptr;
	int found_name_len;
	int item_size;
	int ret;
	int match = 0;

	path = btrfs_alloc_path();
	ret = btrfs_search_slot(NULL, log, key, path, 0, 0);
	if (ret != 0)
		goto out;

	item_size = btrfs_item_size_nr(path->nodes[0], path->slots[0]);
	ptr = btrfs_item_ptr_offset(path->nodes[0], path->slots[0]);
	ptr_end = ptr + item_size;
	while (ptr < ptr_end) {
		ref = (struct btrfs_inode_ref *)ptr;
		found_name_len = btrfs_inode_ref_name_len(path->nodes[0], ref);
		if (found_name_len == namelen) {
			name_ptr = (unsigned long)(ref + 1);
			ret = memcmp_extent_buffer(path->nodes[0], name,
						   name_ptr, namelen);
			if (ret == 0) {
				match = 1;
				goto out;
			}
		}
		ptr = (unsigned long)(ref + 1) + found_name_len;
	}
out:
	btrfs_free_path(path);
	return match;
}


/*
 * replay one inode back reference item found in the log tree.
 * eb, slot and key refer to the buffer and key found in the log tree.
 * root is the destination we are replaying into, and path is for temp
 * use by this function.  (it should be released on return).
 */
static noinline int add_inode_ref(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
				  struct btrfs_root *root,
				  struct btrfs_root *log,
				  struct btrfs_path *path,
				  struct extent_buffer *eb, int slot,
				  struct btrfs_key *key)
{
	struct inode *dir;
	int ret;
	struct btrfs_key location;
	struct btrfs_inode_ref *ref;
	struct btrfs_dir_item *di;
	struct inode *inode;
	char *name;
	int namelen;
	unsigned long ref_ptr;
	unsigned long ref_end;

	location.objectid = key->objectid;
	location.type = BTRFS_INODE_ITEM_KEY;
	location.offset = 0;

	/*
	 * it is possible that we didn't log all the parent directories
	 * for a given inode.  If we don't find the dir, just don't
	 * copy the back ref in.  The link count fixup code will take
	 * care of the rest
	 */
	dir = read_one_inode(root, key->offset);
	if (!dir)
		return -ENOENT;

	inode = read_one_inode(root, key->objectid);
	BUG_ON(!dir);

	ref_ptr = btrfs_item_ptr_offset(eb, slot);
	ref_end = ref_ptr + btrfs_item_size_nr(eb, slot);

again:
	ref = (struct btrfs_inode_ref *)ref_ptr;

	namelen = btrfs_inode_ref_name_len(eb, ref);
	name = kmalloc(namelen, GFP_NOFS);
	BUG_ON(!name);

	read_extent_buffer(eb, name, (unsigned long)(ref + 1), namelen);

	/* if we already have a perfect match, we're done */
	if (inode_in_dir(root, path, dir->i_ino, inode->i_ino,
			 btrfs_inode_ref_index(eb, ref),
			 name, namelen)) {
		goto out;
	}

	/*
	 * look for a conflicting back reference in the metadata.
	 * if we find one we have to unlink that name of the file
	 * before we add our new link.  Later on, we overwrite any
	 * existing back reference, and we don't want to create
	 * dangling pointers in the directory.
	 */
conflict_again:
	ret = btrfs_search_slot(NULL, root, key, path, 0, 0);
	if (ret == 0) {
		char *victim_name;
		int victim_name_len;
		struct btrfs_inode_ref *victim_ref;
		unsigned long ptr;
		unsigned long ptr_end;
		struct extent_buffer *leaf = path->nodes[0];

		/* are we trying to overwrite a back ref for the root directory
		 * if so, just jump out, we're done
		 */
		if (key->objectid == key->offset)
			goto out_nowrite;

		/* check all the names in this back reference to see
		 * if they are in the log.  if so, we allow them to stay
		 * otherwise they must be unlinked as a conflict
		 */
		ptr = btrfs_item_ptr_offset(leaf, path->slots[0]);
		ptr_end = ptr + btrfs_item_size_nr(leaf, path->slots[0]);
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		while (ptr < ptr_end) {
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			victim_ref = (struct btrfs_inode_ref *)ptr;
			victim_name_len = btrfs_inode_ref_name_len(leaf,
								   victim_ref);
			victim_name = kmalloc(victim_name_len, GFP_NOFS);
			BUG_ON(!victim_name);

			read_extent_buffer(leaf, victim_name,
					   (unsigned long)(victim_ref + 1),
					   victim_name_len);

			if (!backref_in_log(log, key, victim_name,
					    victim_name_len)) {
				btrfs_inc_nlink(inode);
				btrfs_release_path(root, path);
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				ret = btrfs_unlink_inode(trans, root, dir,
							 inode, victim_name,
							 victim_name_len);
				kfree(victim_name);
				btrfs_release_path(root, path);
				goto conflict_again;
			}
			kfree(victim_name);
			ptr = (unsigned long)(victim_ref + 1) + victim_name_len;
		}
		BUG_ON(ret);
	}
	btrfs_release_path(root, path);

	/* look for a conflicting sequence number */
	di = btrfs_lookup_dir_index_item(trans, root, path, dir->i_ino,
					 btrfs_inode_ref_index(eb, ref),
					 name, namelen, 0);
	if (di && !IS_ERR(di)) {
		ret = drop_one_dir_item(trans, root, path, dir, di);
		BUG_ON(ret);
	}
	btrfs_release_path(root, path);


	/* look for a conflicting name */
	di = btrfs_lookup_dir_item(trans, root, path, dir->i_ino,
				   name, namelen, 0);
	if (di && !IS_ERR(di)) {
		ret = drop_one_dir_item(trans, root, path, dir, di);
		BUG_ON(ret);
	}
	btrfs_release_path(root, path);

	/* insert our name */
	ret = btrfs_add_link(trans, dir, inode, name, namelen, 0,
			     btrfs_inode_ref_index(eb, ref));
	BUG_ON(ret);

	btrfs_update_inode(trans, root, inode);

out:
	ref_ptr = (unsigned long)(ref + 1) + namelen;
	kfree(name);
	if (ref_ptr < ref_end)
		goto again;

	/* finally write the back reference in the inode */
	ret = overwrite_item(trans, root, path, eb, slot, key);
	BUG_ON(ret);

out_nowrite:
	btrfs_release_path(root, path);
	iput(dir);
	iput(inode);
	return 0;
}

/*
 * There are a few corners where the link count of the file can't
 * be properly maintained during replay.  So, instead of adding
 * lots of complexity to the log code, we just scan the backrefs
 * for any file that has been through replay.
 *
 * The scan will update the link count on the inode to reflect the
 * number of back refs found.  If it goes down to zero, the iput
 * will free the inode.
 */
static noinline int fixup_inode_link_count(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
					   struct btrfs_root *root,
					   struct inode *inode)
{
	struct btrfs_path *path;
	int ret;
	struct btrfs_key key;
	u64 nlink = 0;
	unsigned long ptr;
	unsigned long ptr_end;
	int name_len;

	key.objectid = inode->i_ino;
	key.type = BTRFS_INODE_REF_KEY;
	key.offset = (u64)-1;

	path = btrfs_alloc_path();

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		ret = btrfs_search_slot(NULL, root, &key, path, 0, 0);
		if (ret < 0)
			break;
		if (ret > 0) {
			if (path->slots[0] == 0)
				break;
			path->slots[0]--;
		}
		btrfs_item_key_to_cpu(path->nodes[0], &key,
				      path->slots[0]);
		if (key.objectid != inode->i_ino ||
		    key.type != BTRFS_INODE_REF_KEY)
			break;
		ptr = btrfs_item_ptr_offset(path->nodes[0], path->slots[0]);
		ptr_end = ptr + btrfs_item_size_nr(path->nodes[0],
						   path->slots[0]);
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			struct btrfs_inode_ref *ref;

			ref = (struct btrfs_inode_ref *)ptr;
			name_len = btrfs_inode_ref_name_len(path->nodes[0],
							    ref);
			ptr = (unsigned long)(ref + 1) + name_len;
			nlink++;
		}

		if (key.offset == 0)
			break;
		key.offset--;
		btrfs_release_path(root, path);
	}
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	btrfs_release_path(root, path);
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	if (nlink != inode->i_nlink) {
		inode->i_nlink = nlink;
		btrfs_update_inode(trans, root, inode);
	}
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	if (inode->i_nlink == 0 && S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) {
		ret = replay_dir_deletes(trans, root, NULL, path,
					 inode->i_ino, 1);
		BUG_ON(ret);
	}
	btrfs_free_path(path);

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	return 0;
}

static noinline int fixup_inode_link_counts(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
					    struct btrfs_root *root,
					    struct btrfs_path *path)
{
	int ret;
	struct btrfs_key key;
	struct inode *inode;

	key.objectid = BTRFS_TREE_LOG_FIXUP_OBJECTID;
	key.type = BTRFS_ORPHAN_ITEM_KEY;
	key.offset = (u64)-1;
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		ret = btrfs_search_slot(trans, root, &key, path, -1, 1);
		if (ret < 0)
			break;

		if (ret == 1) {
			if (path->slots[0] == 0)
				break;
			path->slots[0]--;
		}

		btrfs_item_key_to_cpu(path->nodes[0], &key, path->slots[0]);
		if (key.objectid != BTRFS_TREE_LOG_FIXUP_OBJECTID ||
		    key.type != BTRFS_ORPHAN_ITEM_KEY)
			break;

		ret = btrfs_del_item(trans, root, path);
		BUG_ON(ret);

		btrfs_release_path(root, path);
		inode = read_one_inode(root, key.offset);
		BUG_ON(!inode);

		ret = fixup_inode_link_count(trans, root, inode);
		BUG_ON(ret);

		iput(inode);

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		/*
		 * fixup on a directory may create new entries,
		 * make sure we always look for the highset possible
		 * offset
		 */
		key.offset = (u64)-1;
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	}
	btrfs_release_path(root, path);
	return 0;
}


/*
 * record a given inode in the fixup dir so we can check its link
 * count when replay is done.  The link count is incremented here
 * so the inode won't go away until we check it
 */
static noinline int link_to_fixup_dir(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
				      struct btrfs_root *root,
				      struct btrfs_path *path,
				      u64 objectid)
{
	struct btrfs_key key;
	int ret = 0;
	struct inode *inode;

	inode = read_one_inode(root, objectid);
	BUG_ON(!inode);

	key.objectid = BTRFS_TREE_LOG_FIXUP_OBJECTID;
	btrfs_set_key_type(&key, BTRFS_ORPHAN_ITEM_KEY);
	key.offset = objectid;

	ret = btrfs_insert_empty_item(trans, root, path, &key, 0);

	btrfs_release_path(root, path);
	if (ret == 0) {
		btrfs_inc_nlink(inode);
		btrfs_update_inode(trans, root, inode);
	} else if (ret == -EEXIST) {
		ret = 0;
	} else {
		BUG();
	}
	iput(inode);

	return ret;
}

/*
 * when replaying the log for a directory, we only insert names
 * for inodes that actually exist.  This means an fsync on a directory
 * does not implicitly fsync all the new files in it
 */
static noinline int insert_one_name(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
				    struct btrfs_root *root,
				    struct btrfs_path *path,
				    u64 dirid, u64 index,
				    char *name, int name_len, u8 type,
				    struct btrfs_key *location)
{
	struct inode *inode;
	struct inode *dir;
	int ret;

	inode = read_one_inode(root, location->objectid);
	if (!inode)
		return -ENOENT;

	dir = read_one_inode(root, dirid);
	if (!dir) {
		iput(inode);
		return -EIO;
	}
	ret = btrfs_add_link(trans, dir, inode, name, name_len, 1, index);

	/* FIXME, put inode into FIXUP list */

	iput(inode);
	iput(dir);
	return ret;
}

/*
 * take a single entry in a log directory item and replay it into
 * the subvolume.
 *
 * if a conflicting item exists in the subdirectory already,
 * the inode it points to is unlinked and put into the link count
 * fix up tree.
 *
 * If a name from the log points to a file or directory that does
 * not exist in the FS, it is skipped.  fsyncs on directories
 * do not force down inodes inside that directory, just changes to the
 * names or unlinks in a directory.
 */
static noinline int replay_one_name(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
				    struct btrfs_root *root,
				    struct btrfs_path *path,
				    struct extent_buffer *eb,
				    struct btrfs_dir_item *di,
				    struct btrfs_key *key)
{
	char *name;
	int name_len;
	struct btrfs_dir_item *dst_di;
	struct btrfs_key found_key;
	struct btrfs_key log_key;
	struct inode *dir;
	u8 log_type;
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	int exists;
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	int ret;

	dir = read_one_inode(root, key->objectid);
	BUG_ON(!dir);

	name_len = btrfs_dir_name_len(eb, di);
	name = kmalloc(name_len, GFP_NOFS);
	log_type = btrfs_dir_type(eb, di);
	read_extent_buffer(eb, name, (unsigned long)(di + 1),
		   name_len);

	btrfs_dir_item_key_to_cpu(eb, di, &log_key);
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	exists = btrfs_lookup_inode(trans, root, path, &log_key, 0);
	if (exists == 0)
		exists = 1;
	else
		exists = 0;
	btrfs_release_path(root, path);

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	if (key->type == BTRFS_DIR_ITEM_KEY) {
		dst_di = btrfs_lookup_dir_item(trans, root, path, key->objectid,
				       name, name_len, 1);
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	} else if (key->type == BTRFS_DIR_INDEX_KEY) {
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		dst_di = btrfs_lookup_dir_index_item(trans, root, path,
						     key->objectid,
						     key->offset, name,
						     name_len, 1);
	} else {
		BUG();
	}
	if (!dst_di || IS_ERR(dst_di)) {
		/* we need a sequence number to insert, so we only
		 * do inserts for the BTRFS_DIR_INDEX_KEY types
		 */
		if (key->type != BTRFS_DIR_INDEX_KEY)
			goto out;
		goto insert;
	}

	btrfs_dir_item_key_to_cpu(path->nodes[0], dst_di, &found_key);
	/* the existing item matches the logged item */
	if (found_key.objectid == log_key.objectid &&
	    found_key.type == log_key.type &&
	    found_key.offset == log_key.offset &&
	    btrfs_dir_type(path->nodes[0], dst_di) == log_type) {
		goto out;
	}

	/*
	 * don't drop the conflicting directory entry if the inode
	 * for the new entry doesn't exist
	 */
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	if (!exists)
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		goto out;

	ret = drop_one_dir_item(trans, root, path, dir, dst_di);
	BUG_ON(ret);

	if (key->type == BTRFS_DIR_INDEX_KEY)
		goto insert;
out:
	btrfs_release_path(root, path);
	kfree(name);
	iput(dir);
	return 0;

insert:
	btrfs_release_path(root, path);
	ret = insert_one_name(trans, root, path, key->objectid, key->offset,
			      name, name_len, log_type, &log_key);

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	BUG_ON(ret && ret != -ENOENT);
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	goto out;
}

/*
 * find all the names in a directory item and reconcile them into
 * the subvolume.  Only BTRFS_DIR_ITEM_KEY types will have more than
 * one name in a directory item, but the same code gets used for
 * both directory index types
 */
static noinline int replay_one_dir_item(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
					struct btrfs_root *root,
					struct btrfs_path *path,
					struct extent_buffer *eb, int slot,
					struct btrfs_key *key)
{
	int ret;
	u32 item_size = btrfs_item_size_nr(eb, slot);
	struct btrfs_dir_item *di;
	int name_len;
	unsigned long ptr;
	unsigned long ptr_end;

	ptr = btrfs_item_ptr_offset(eb, slot);
	ptr_end = ptr + item_size;
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	while (ptr < ptr_end) {
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		di = (struct btrfs_dir_item *)ptr;
		name_len = btrfs_dir_name_len(eb, di);
		ret = replay_one_name(trans, root, path, eb, di, key);
		BUG_ON(ret);
		ptr = (unsigned long)(di + 1);
		ptr += name_len;
	}
	return 0;
}

/*
 * directory replay has two parts.  There are the standard directory
 * items in the log copied from the subvolume, and range items
 * created in the log while the subvolume was logged.
 *
 * The range items tell us which parts of the key space the log
 * is authoritative for.  During replay, if a key in the subvolume
 * directory is in a logged range item, but not actually in the log
 * that means it was deleted from the directory before the fsync
 * and should be removed.
 */
static noinline int find_dir_range(struct btrfs_root *root,
				   struct btrfs_path *path,
				   u64 dirid, int key_type,
				   u64 *start_ret, u64 *end_ret)
{
	struct btrfs_key key;
	u64 found_end;
	struct btrfs_dir_log_item *item;
	int ret;
	int nritems;

	if (*start_ret == (u64)-1)
		return 1;

	key.objectid = dirid;
	key.type = key_type;
	key.offset = *start_ret;

	ret = btrfs_search_slot(NULL, root, &key, path, 0, 0);
	if (ret < 0)
		goto out;
	if (ret > 0) {
		if (path->slots[0] == 0)
			goto out;
		path->slots[0]--;
	}
	if (ret != 0)
		btrfs_item_key_to_cpu(path->nodes[0], &key, path->slots[0]);

	if (key.type != key_type || key.objectid != dirid) {
		ret = 1;
		goto next;
	}
	item = btrfs_item_ptr(path->nodes[0], path->slots[0],
			      struct btrfs_dir_log_item);
	found_end = btrfs_dir_log_end(path->nodes[0], item);

	if (*start_ret >= key.offset && *start_ret <= found_end) {
		ret = 0;
		*start_ret = key.offset;
		*end_ret = found_end;
		goto out;
	}
	ret = 1;
next:
	/* check the next slot in the tree to see if it is a valid item */
	nritems = btrfs_header_nritems(path->nodes[0]);
	if (path->slots[0] >= nritems) {
		ret = btrfs_next_leaf(root, path);
		if (ret)
			goto out;
	} else {
		path->slots[0]++;
	}

	btrfs_item_key_to_cpu(path->nodes[0], &key, path->slots[0]);

	if (key.type != key_type || key.objectid != dirid) {
		ret = 1;
		goto out;
	}
	item = btrfs_item_ptr(path->nodes[0], path->slots[0],
			      struct btrfs_dir_log_item);
	found_end = btrfs_dir_log_end(path->nodes[0], item);
	*start_ret = key.offset;
	*end_ret = found_end;
	ret = 0;
out:
	btrfs_release_path(root, path);
	return ret;
}

/*
 * this looks for a given directory item in the log.  If the directory
 * item is not in the log, the item is removed and the inode it points
 * to is unlinked
 */
static noinline int check_item_in_log(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
				      struct btrfs_root *root,
				      struct btrfs_root *log,
				      struct btrfs_path *path,
				      struct btrfs_path *log_path,
				      struct inode *dir,
				      struct btrfs_key *dir_key)
{
	int ret;
	struct extent_buffer *eb;
	int slot;
	u32 item_size;
	struct btrfs_dir_item *di;
	struct btrfs_dir_item *log_di;
	int name_len;
	unsigned long ptr;
	unsigned long ptr_end;
	char *name;
	struct inode *inode;
	struct btrfs_key location;

again:
	eb = path->nodes[0];
	slot = path->slots[0];
	item_size = btrfs_item_size_nr(eb, slot);
	ptr = btrfs_item_ptr_offset(eb, slot);
	ptr_end = ptr + item_size;
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	while (ptr < ptr_end) {
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		di = (struct btrfs_dir_item *)ptr;
		name_len = btrfs_dir_name_len(eb, di);
		name = kmalloc(name_len, GFP_NOFS);
		if (!name) {
			ret = -ENOMEM;
			goto out;
		}
		read_extent_buffer(eb, name, (unsigned long)(di + 1),
				  name_len);
		log_di = NULL;
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		if (log && dir_key->type == BTRFS_DIR_ITEM_KEY) {
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			log_di = btrfs_lookup_dir_item(trans, log, log_path,
						       dir_key->objectid,
						       name, name_len, 0);
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		} else if (log && dir_key->type == BTRFS_DIR_INDEX_KEY) {
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			log_di = btrfs_lookup_dir_index_item(trans, log,
						     log_path,
						     dir_key->objectid,
						     dir_key->offset,
						     name, name_len, 0);
		}
		if (!log_di || IS_ERR(log_di)) {
			btrfs_dir_item_key_to_cpu(eb, di, &location);
			btrfs_release_path(root, path);
			btrfs_release_path(log, log_path);
			inode = read_one_inode(root, location.objectid);
			BUG_ON(!inode);

			ret = link_to_fixup_dir(trans, root,
						path, location.objectid);
			BUG_ON(ret);
			btrfs_inc_nlink(inode);
			ret = btrfs_unlink_inode(trans, root, dir, inode,
						 name, name_len);
			BUG_ON(ret);
			kfree(name);
			iput(inode);

			/* there might still be more names under this key
			 * check and repeat if required
			 */
			ret = btrfs_search_slot(NULL, root, dir_key, path,
						0, 0);
			if (ret == 0)
				goto again;
			ret = 0;
			goto out;
		}
		btrfs_release_path(log, log_path);
		kfree(name);

		ptr = (unsigned long)(di + 1);
		ptr += name_len;
	}
	ret = 0;
out:
	btrfs_release_path(root, path);
	btrfs_release_path(log, log_path);
	return ret;
}

/*
 * deletion replay happens before we copy any new directory items
 * out of the log or out of backreferences from inodes.  It
 * scans the log to find ranges of keys that log is authoritative for,
 * and then scans the directory to find items in those ranges that are
 * not present in the log.
 *
 * Anything we don't find in the log is unlinked and removed from the
 * directory.
 */
static noinline int replay_dir_deletes(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
				       struct btrfs_root *root,
				       struct btrfs_root *log,
				       struct btrfs_path *path,
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				       u64 dirid, int del_all)
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{
	u64 range_start;
	u64 range_end;
	int key_type = BTRFS_DIR_LOG_ITEM_KEY;
	int ret = 0;
	struct btrfs_key dir_key;
	struct btrfs_key found_key;
	struct btrfs_path *log_path;
	struct inode *dir;

	dir_key.objectid = dirid;
	dir_key.type = BTRFS_DIR_ITEM_KEY;
	log_path = btrfs_alloc_path();
	if (!log_path)
		return -ENOMEM;

	dir = read_one_inode(root, dirid);
	/* it isn't an error if the inode isn't there, that can happen
	 * because we replay the deletes before we copy in the inode item
	 * from the log
	 */
	if (!dir) {
		btrfs_free_path(log_path);
		return 0;
	}
again:
	range_start = 0;
	range_end = 0;
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	while (1) {
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		if (del_all)
			range_end = (u64)-1;
		else {
			ret = find_dir_range(log, path, dirid, key_type,
					     &range_start, &range_end);
			if (ret != 0)
				break;
		}
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		dir_key.offset = range_start;
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		while (1) {
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			int nritems;
			ret = btrfs_search_slot(NULL, root, &dir_key, path,
						0, 0);
			if (ret < 0)
				goto out;

			nritems = btrfs_header_nritems(path->nodes[0]);
			if (path->slots[0] >= nritems) {
				ret = btrfs_next_leaf(root, path);
				if (ret)
					break;
			}
			btrfs_item_key_to_cpu(path->nodes[0], &found_key,
					      path->slots[0]);
			if (found_key.objectid != dirid ||
			    found_key.type != dir_key.type)
				goto next_type;

			if (found_key.offset > range_end)
				break;

			ret = check_item_in_log(trans, root, log, path,
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						log_path, dir,
						&found_key);
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			BUG_ON(ret);
			if (found_key.offset == (u64)-1)
				break;
			dir_key.offset = found_key.offset + 1;
		}
		btrfs_release_path(root, path);
		if (range_end == (u64)-1)
			break;
		range_start = range_end + 1;
	}

next_type:
	ret = 0;
	if (key_type == BTRFS_DIR_LOG_ITEM_KEY) {
		key_type = BTRFS_DIR_LOG_INDEX_KEY;
		dir_key.type = BTRFS_DIR_INDEX_KEY;
		btrfs_release_path(root, path);
		goto again;
	}
out:
	btrfs_release_path(root, path);
	btrfs_free_path(log_path);
	iput(dir);
	return ret;
}

/*
 * the process_func used to replay items from the log tree.  This
 * gets called in two different stages.  The first stage just looks
 * for inodes and makes sure they are all copied into the subvolume.
 *
 * The second stage copies all the other item types from the log into
 * the subvolume.  The two stage approach is slower, but gets rid of
 * lots of complexity around inodes referencing other inodes that exist
 * only in the log (references come from either directory items or inode
 * back refs).
 */
static int replay_one_buffer(struct btrfs_root *log, struct extent_buffer *eb,
			     struct walk_control *wc, u64 gen)
{
	int nritems;
	struct btrfs_path *path;
	struct btrfs_root *root = wc->replay_dest;
	struct btrfs_key key;
	u32 item_size;
	int level;
	int i;
	int ret;

	btrfs_read_buffer(eb, gen);

	level = btrfs_header_level(eb);

	if (level != 0)
		return 0;

	path = btrfs_alloc_path();
	BUG_ON(!path);

	nritems = btrfs_header_nritems(eb);
	for (i = 0; i < nritems; i++) {
		btrfs_item_key_to_cpu(eb, &key, i);
		item_size = btrfs_item_size_nr(eb, i);

		/* inode keys are done during the first stage */
		if (key.type == BTRFS_INODE_ITEM_KEY &&
		    wc->stage == LOG_WALK_REPLAY_INODES) {
			struct inode *inode;
			struct btrfs_inode_item *inode_item;
			u32 mode;

			inode_item = btrfs_item_ptr(eb, i,
					    struct btrfs_inode_item);
			mode = btrfs_inode_mode(eb, inode_item);
			if (S_ISDIR(mode)) {
				ret = replay_dir_deletes(wc->trans,
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				BUG_ON(ret);
			}
			ret = overwrite_item(wc->trans, root, path,
					     eb, i, &key);
			BUG_ON(ret);

			/* for regular files, truncate away
			 * extents past the new EOF
			 */
			if (S_ISREG(mode)) {
				inode = read_one_inode(root,
						       key.objectid);
				BUG_ON(!inode);

				ret = btrfs_truncate_inode_items(wc->trans,
					root, inode, inode->i_size,
					BTRFS_EXTENT_DATA_KEY);
				BUG_ON(ret);
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				/* if the nlink count is zero here, the iput
				 * will free the inode.  We bump it to make
				 * sure it doesn't get freed until the link
				 * count fixup is done
				 */
				if (inode->i_nlink == 0) {
					btrfs_inc_nlink(inode);
					btrfs_update_inode(wc->trans,
							   root, inode);
				}
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				iput(inode);
			}
			ret = link_to_fixup_dir(wc->trans, root,
						path, key.objectid);
			BUG_ON(ret);
		}
		if (wc->stage < LOG_WALK_REPLAY_ALL)
			continue;

		/* these keys are simply copied */
		if (key.type == BTRFS_XATTR_ITEM_KEY) {
			ret = overwrite_item(wc->trans, root, path,
					     eb, i, &key);
			BUG_ON(ret);
		} else if (key.type == BTRFS_INODE_REF_KEY) {
			ret = add_inode_ref(wc->trans, root, log, path,
					    eb, i, &key);
			BUG_ON(ret && ret != -ENOENT);
		} else if (key.type == BTRFS_EXTENT_DATA_KEY) {
			ret = replay_one_extent(wc->trans, root, path,
						eb, i, &key);
			BUG_ON(ret);
		} else if (key.type == BTRFS_DIR_ITEM_KEY ||
			   key.type == BTRFS_DIR_INDEX_KEY) {
			ret = replay_one_dir_item(wc->trans, root, path,
						  eb, i, &key);
			BUG_ON(ret);
		}
	}
	btrfs_free_path(path);
	return 0;
}

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static noinline int walk_down_log_tree(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
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				   struct btrfs_root *root,
				   struct btrfs_path *path, int *level,
				   struct walk_control *wc)
{
	u64 root_owner;
	u64 root_gen;
	u64 bytenr;
	u64 ptr_gen;
	struct extent_buffer *next;
	struct extent_buffer *cur;
	struct extent_buffer *parent;
	u32 blocksize;
	int ret = 0;

	WARN_ON(*level < 0);
	WARN_ON(*level >= BTRFS_MAX_LEVEL);

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	while (*level > 0) {
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		WARN_ON(*level < 0);
		WARN_ON(*level >= BTRFS_MAX_LEVEL);
		cur = path->nodes[*level];

		if (btrfs_header_level(cur) != *level)
			WARN_ON(1);

		if (path->slots[*level] >=
		    btrfs_header_nritems(cur))
			break;

		bytenr = btrfs_node_blockptr(cur, path->slots[*level]);
		ptr_gen = btrfs_node_ptr_generation(cur, path->slots[*level]);
		blocksize = btrfs_level_size(root, *level - 1);

		parent = path->nodes[*level];
		root_owner = btrfs_header_owner(parent);
		root_gen = btrfs_header_generation(parent);

		next = btrfs_find_create_tree_block(root, bytenr, blocksize);

		wc->process_func(root, next, wc, ptr_gen);

		if (*level == 1) {
			path->slots[*level]++;
			if (wc->free) {
				btrfs_read_buffer(next, ptr_gen);

				btrfs_tree_lock(next);
				clean_tree_block(trans, root, next);
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				btrfs_set_lock_blocking(next);
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				btrfs_wait_tree_block_writeback(next);
				btrfs_tree_unlock(next);

				WARN_ON(root_owner !=
					BTRFS_TREE_LOG_OBJECTID);
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				ret = btrfs_free_reserved_extent(root,
							 bytenr, blocksize);
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				BUG_ON(ret);
			}
			free_extent_buffer(next);
			continue;
		}
		btrfs_read_buffer(next, ptr_gen);

		WARN_ON(*level <= 0);
		if (path->nodes[*level-1])
			free_extent_buffer(path->nodes[*level-1]);
		path->nodes[*level-1] = next;
		*level = btrfs_header_level(next);
		path->slots[*level] = 0;
		cond_resched();
	}
	WARN_ON(*level < 0);
	WARN_ON(*level >= BTRFS_MAX_LEVEL);

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	if (path->nodes[*level] == root->node)
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		parent = path->nodes[*level];
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	else
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		parent = path->nodes[*level + 1];
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	bytenr = path->nodes[*level]->start;

	blocksize = btrfs_level_size(root, *level);
	root_owner = btrfs_header_owner(parent);
	root_gen = btrfs_header_generation(parent);

	wc->process_func(root, path->nodes[*level], wc,
			 btrfs_header_generation(path->nodes[*level]));

	if (wc->free) {
		next = path->nodes[*level];
		btrfs_tree_lock(next);
		clean_tree_block(trans, root, next);
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		btrfs_set_lock_blocking(next);
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		btrfs_wait_tree_block_writeback(next);
		btrfs_tree_unlock(next);

		WARN_ON(root_owner != BTRFS_TREE_LOG_OBJECTID);
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		ret = btrfs_free_reserved_extent(root, bytenr, blocksize);
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		BUG_ON(ret);
	}
	free_extent_buffer(path->nodes[*level]);
	path->nodes[*level] = NULL;
	*level += 1;

	cond_resched();
	return 0;
}

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static noinline int walk_up_log_tree(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
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				 struct btrfs_root *root,
				 struct btrfs_path *path, int *level,
				 struct walk_control *wc)
{
	u64 root_owner;
	u64 root_gen;
	int i;
	int slot;
	int ret;

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	for (i = *level; i < BTRFS_MAX_LEVEL - 1 && path->nodes[i]; i++) {
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		slot = path->slots[i];
		if (slot < btrfs_header_nritems(path->nodes[i]) - 1) {
			struct extent_buffer *node;
			node = path->nodes[i];
			path->slots[i]++;
			*level = i;
			WARN_ON(*level == 0);
			return 0;
		} else {
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			struct extent_buffer *parent;
			if (path->nodes[*level] == root->node)
				parent = path->nodes[*level];
			else
				parent = path->nodes[*level + 1];

			root_owner = btrfs_header_owner(parent);
			root_gen = btrfs_header_generation(parent);
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			wc->process_func(root, path->nodes[*level], wc,
				 btrfs_header_generation(path->nodes[*level]));
			if (wc->free) {
				struct extent_buffer *next;

				next = path->nodes[*level];

				btrfs_tree_lock(next);
				clean_tree_block(trans, root, next);
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				btrfs_set_lock_blocking(next);
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				btrfs_wait_tree_block_writeback(next);
				btrfs_tree_unlock(next);

				WARN_ON(root_owner != BTRFS_TREE_LOG_OBJECTID);
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				ret = btrfs_free_reserved_extent(root,
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						path->nodes[*level]->start,
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						path->nodes[*level]->len);
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				BUG_ON(ret);
			}
			free_extent_buffer(path->nodes[*level]);
			path->nodes[*level] = NULL;
			*level = i + 1;
		}
	}
	return 1;
}

/*
 * drop the reference count on the tree rooted at 'snap'.  This traverses
 * the tree freeing any blocks that have a ref count of zero after being
 * decremented.
 */
static int walk_log_tree(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
			 struct btrfs_root *log, struct walk_control *wc)
{
	int ret = 0;
	int wret;
	int level;
	struct btrfs_path *path;
	int i;
	int orig_level;

	path = btrfs_alloc_path();
	BUG_ON(!path);

	level = btrfs_header_level(log->node);
	orig_level = level;
	path->nodes[level] = log->node;
	extent_buffer_get(log->node);
	path->slots[level] = 0;

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	while (1) {
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		wret = walk_down_log_tree(trans, log, path, &level, wc);
		if (wret > 0)
			break;
		if (wret < 0)
			ret = wret;

		wret = walk_up_log_tree(trans, log, path, &level, wc);
		if (wret > 0)
			break;
		if (wret < 0)
			ret = wret;
	}

	/* was the root node processed? if not, catch it here */
	if (path->nodes[orig_level]) {
		wc->process_func(log, path->nodes[orig_level], wc,
			 btrfs_header_generation(path->nodes[orig_level]));
		if (wc->free) {
			struct extent_buffer *next;

			next = path->nodes[orig_level];

			btrfs_tree_lock(next);
			clean_tree_block(trans, log, next);
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			btrfs_set_lock_blocking(next);
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			btrfs_wait_tree_block_writeback(next);
			btrfs_tree_unlock(next);

			WARN_ON(log->root_key.objectid !=
				BTRFS_TREE_LOG_OBJECTID);
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			ret = btrfs_free_reserved_extent(log, next->start,
							 next->len);
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			BUG_ON(ret);
		}
	}

	for (i = 0; i <= orig_level; i++) {
		if (path->nodes[i]) {
			free_extent_buffer(path->nodes[i]);
			path->nodes[i] = NULL;
		}
	}
	btrfs_free_path(path);
	return ret;
}

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/*
 * helper function to update the item for a given subvolumes log root
 * in the tree of log roots
 */
static int update_log_root(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
			   struct btrfs_root *log)
{
	int ret;

	if (log->log_transid == 1) {
		/* insert root item on the first sync */
		ret = btrfs_insert_root(trans, log->fs_info->log_root_tree,
				&log->root_key, &log->root_item);
	} else {
		ret = btrfs_update_root(trans, log->fs_info->log_root_tree,
				&log->root_key, &log->root_item);
	}
	return ret;
}

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static int wait_log_commit(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
			   struct btrfs_root *root, unsigned long transid)
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{
	DEFINE_WAIT(wait);
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	int index = transid % 2;
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	/*
	 * we only allow two pending log transactions at a time,
	 * so we know that if ours is more than 2 older than the
	 * current transaction, we're done
	 */
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	do {
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		prepare_to_wait(&root->log_commit_wait[index],
				&wait, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
		mutex_unlock(&root->log_mutex);
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		if (root->fs_info->last_trans_log_full_commit !=
		    trans->transid && root->log_transid < transid + 2 &&
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		    atomic_read(&root->log_commit[index]))
			schedule();
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		finish_wait(&root->log_commit_wait[index], &wait);
		mutex_lock(&root->log_mutex);
	} while (root->log_transid < transid + 2 &&
		 atomic_read(&root->log_commit[index]));
	return 0;
}

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static int wait_for_writer(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
			   struct btrfs_root *root)
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{
	DEFINE_WAIT(wait);
	while (atomic_read(&root->log_writers)) {
		prepare_to_wait(&root->log_writer_wait,
				&wait, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
		mutex_unlock(&root->log_mutex);
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		if (root->fs_info->last_trans_log_full_commit !=
		    trans->transid && atomic_read(&root->log_writers))
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			schedule();
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		mutex_lock(&root->log_mutex);
		finish_wait(&root->log_writer_wait, &wait);
	}
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	return 0;
}

/*
 * btrfs_sync_log does sends a given tree log down to the disk and
 * updates the super blocks to record it.  When this call is done,
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 * you know that any inodes previously logged are safely on disk only
 * if it returns 0.
 *
 * Any other return value means you need to call btrfs_commit_transaction.
 * Some of the edge cases for fsyncing directories that have had unlinks
 * or renames done in the past mean that sometimes the only safe
 * fsync is to commit the whole FS.  When btrfs_sync_log returns -EAGAIN,
 * that has happened.
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 */
int btrfs_sync_log(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
		   struct btrfs_root *root)
{
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	int index1;
	int index2;
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	int ret;
	struct btrfs_root *log = root->log_root;
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	struct btrfs_root *log_root_tree = root->fs_info->log_root_tree;
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	mutex_lock(&root->log_mutex);
	index1 = root->log_transid % 2;
	if (atomic_read(&root->log_commit[index1])) {
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		wait_log_commit(trans, root, root->log_transid);
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		mutex_unlock(&root->log_mutex);
		return 0;
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	}
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	atomic_set(&root->log_commit[index1], 1);

	/* wait for previous tree log sync to complete */
	if (atomic_read(&root->log_commit[(index1 + 1) % 2]))
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		wait_log_commit(trans, root, root->log_transid - 1);
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	while (1) {
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		unsigned long batch = root->log_batch;
		mutex_unlock(&root->log_mutex);
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		schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(1);
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		mutex_lock(&root->log_mutex);
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		wait_for_writer(trans, root);
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		if (batch == root->log_batch)
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			break;
	}

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	/* bail out if we need to do a full commit */
	if (root->fs_info->last_trans_log_full_commit == trans->transid) {
		ret = -EAGAIN;
		mutex_unlock(&root->log_mutex);
		goto out;
	}

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	ret = btrfs_write_and_wait_marked_extents(log, &log->dirty_log_pages);
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	BUG_ON(ret);
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	btrfs_set_root_node(&log->root_item, log->node);
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	root->log_batch = 0;
	root->log_transid++;
	log->log_transid = root->log_transid;
	smp_mb();
	/*
	 * log tree has been flushed to disk, new modifications of
	 * the log will be written to new positions. so it's safe to
	 * allow log writers to go in.
	 */
	mutex_unlock(&root->log_mutex);

	mutex_lock(&log_root_tree->log_mutex);
	log_root_tree->log_batch++;
	atomic_inc(&log_root_tree->log_writers);
	mutex_unlock(&log_root_tree->log_mutex);

	ret = update_log_root(trans, log);
	BUG_ON(ret);

	mutex_lock(&log_root_tree->log_mutex);
	if (atomic_dec_and_test(&log_root_tree->log_writers)) {
		smp_mb();
		if (waitqueue_active(&log_root_tree->log_writer_wait))
			wake_up(&log_root_tree->log_writer_wait);
	}

	index2 = log_root_tree->log_transid % 2;
	if (atomic_read(&log_root_tree->log_commit[index2])) {
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		wait_log_commit(trans, log_root_tree,
				log_root_tree->log_transid);
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		mutex_unlock(&log_root_tree->log_mutex);
		goto out;
	}
	atomic_set(&log_root_tree->log_commit[index2], 1);

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	if (atomic_read(&log_root_tree->log_commit[(index2 + 1) % 2])) {
		wait_log_commit(trans, log_root_tree,
				log_root_tree->log_transid - 1);
	}

	wait_for_writer(trans, log_root_tree);
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	/*
	 * now that we've moved on to the tree of log tree roots,
	 * check the full commit flag again
	 */
	if (root->fs_info->last_trans_log_full_commit == trans->transid) {
		mutex_unlock(&log_root_tree->log_mutex);
		ret = -EAGAIN;
		goto out_wake_log_root;
	}
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	ret = btrfs_write_and_wait_marked_extents(log_root_tree,
				&log_root_tree->dirty_log_pages);
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	BUG_ON(ret);

	btrfs_set_super_log_root(&root->fs_info->super_for_commit,
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				log_root_tree->node->start);
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	btrfs_set_super_log_root_level(&root->fs_info->super_for_commit,
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				btrfs_header_level(log_root_tree->node));
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	log_root_tree->log_batch = 0;
	log_root_tree->log_transid++;