vfio_pci.c 14.6 KB
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/*
 * Copyright (C) 2012 Red Hat, Inc.  All rights reserved.
 *     Author: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 *
 * Derived from original vfio:
 * Copyright 2010 Cisco Systems, Inc.  All rights reserved.
 * Author: Tom Lyon, pugs@cisco.com
 */

#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/eventfd.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/iommu.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/notifier.h>
#include <linux/pci.h>
#include <linux/pm_runtime.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/vfio.h>

#include "vfio_pci_private.h"

#define DRIVER_VERSION  "0.2"
#define DRIVER_AUTHOR   "Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>"
#define DRIVER_DESC     "VFIO PCI - User Level meta-driver"

static bool nointxmask;
module_param_named(nointxmask, nointxmask, bool, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(nointxmask,
		  "Disable support for PCI 2.3 style INTx masking.  If this resolves problems for specific devices, report lspci -vvvxxx to linux-pci@vger.kernel.org so the device can be fixed automatically via the broken_intx_masking flag.");

static int vfio_pci_enable(struct vfio_pci_device *vdev)
{
	struct pci_dev *pdev = vdev->pdev;
	int ret;
	u16 cmd;
	u8 msix_pos;

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	ret = pci_enable_device(pdev);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

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	vdev->reset_works = (pci_reset_function(pdev) == 0);
	pci_save_state(pdev);
	vdev->pci_saved_state = pci_store_saved_state(pdev);
	if (!vdev->pci_saved_state)
		pr_debug("%s: Couldn't store %s saved state\n",
			 __func__, dev_name(&pdev->dev));

	ret = vfio_config_init(vdev);
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	if (ret) {
		pci_load_and_free_saved_state(pdev, &vdev->pci_saved_state);
		pci_disable_device(pdev);
		return ret;
	}
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	if (likely(!nointxmask))
		vdev->pci_2_3 = pci_intx_mask_supported(pdev);

	pci_read_config_word(pdev, PCI_COMMAND, &cmd);
	if (vdev->pci_2_3 && (cmd & PCI_COMMAND_INTX_DISABLE)) {
		cmd &= ~PCI_COMMAND_INTX_DISABLE;
		pci_write_config_word(pdev, PCI_COMMAND, cmd);
	}

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	msix_pos = pdev->msix_cap;
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	if (msix_pos) {
		u16 flags;
		u32 table;

		pci_read_config_word(pdev, msix_pos + PCI_MSIX_FLAGS, &flags);
		pci_read_config_dword(pdev, msix_pos + PCI_MSIX_TABLE, &table);

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		vdev->msix_bar = table & PCI_MSIX_TABLE_BIR;
		vdev->msix_offset = table & PCI_MSIX_TABLE_OFFSET;
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		vdev->msix_size = ((flags & PCI_MSIX_FLAGS_QSIZE) + 1) * 16;
	} else
		vdev->msix_bar = 0xFF;

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#ifdef CONFIG_VFIO_PCI_VGA
	if ((pdev->class >> 8) == PCI_CLASS_DISPLAY_VGA)
		vdev->has_vga = true;
#endif

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	return 0;
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}

static void vfio_pci_disable(struct vfio_pci_device *vdev)
{
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	struct pci_dev *pdev = vdev->pdev;
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	int bar;

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	pci_disable_device(pdev);
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	vfio_pci_set_irqs_ioctl(vdev, VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_NONE |
				VFIO_IRQ_SET_ACTION_TRIGGER,
				vdev->irq_type, 0, 0, NULL);

	vdev->virq_disabled = false;

	vfio_config_free(vdev);

	for (bar = PCI_STD_RESOURCES; bar <= PCI_STD_RESOURCE_END; bar++) {
		if (!vdev->barmap[bar])
			continue;
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		pci_iounmap(pdev, vdev->barmap[bar]);
		pci_release_selected_regions(pdev, 1 << bar);
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		vdev->barmap[bar] = NULL;
	}
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	/*
	 * If we have saved state, restore it.  If we can reset the device,
	 * even better.  Resetting with current state seems better than
	 * nothing, but saving and restoring current state without reset
	 * is just busy work.
	 */
	if (pci_load_and_free_saved_state(pdev, &vdev->pci_saved_state)) {
		pr_info("%s: Couldn't reload %s saved state\n",
			__func__, dev_name(&pdev->dev));

		if (!vdev->reset_works)
			return;

		pci_save_state(pdev);
	}

	/*
	 * Disable INTx and MSI, presumably to avoid spurious interrupts
	 * during reset.  Stolen from pci_reset_function()
	 */
	pci_write_config_word(pdev, PCI_COMMAND, PCI_COMMAND_INTX_DISABLE);

	if (vdev->reset_works)
		__pci_reset_function(pdev);

	pci_restore_state(pdev);
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}

static void vfio_pci_release(void *device_data)
{
	struct vfio_pci_device *vdev = device_data;

	if (atomic_dec_and_test(&vdev->refcnt))
		vfio_pci_disable(vdev);

	module_put(THIS_MODULE);
}

static int vfio_pci_open(void *device_data)
{
	struct vfio_pci_device *vdev = device_data;

	if (!try_module_get(THIS_MODULE))
		return -ENODEV;

	if (atomic_inc_return(&vdev->refcnt) == 1) {
		int ret = vfio_pci_enable(vdev);
		if (ret) {
			module_put(THIS_MODULE);
			return ret;
		}
	}

	return 0;
}

static int vfio_pci_get_irq_count(struct vfio_pci_device *vdev, int irq_type)
{
	if (irq_type == VFIO_PCI_INTX_IRQ_INDEX) {
		u8 pin;
		pci_read_config_byte(vdev->pdev, PCI_INTERRUPT_PIN, &pin);
		if (pin)
			return 1;

	} else if (irq_type == VFIO_PCI_MSI_IRQ_INDEX) {
		u8 pos;
		u16 flags;

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		pos = vdev->pdev->msi_cap;
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		if (pos) {
			pci_read_config_word(vdev->pdev,
					     pos + PCI_MSI_FLAGS, &flags);

			return 1 << (flags & PCI_MSI_FLAGS_QMASK);
		}
	} else if (irq_type == VFIO_PCI_MSIX_IRQ_INDEX) {
		u8 pos;
		u16 flags;

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		pos = vdev->pdev->msix_cap;
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		if (pos) {
			pci_read_config_word(vdev->pdev,
					     pos + PCI_MSIX_FLAGS, &flags);

			return (flags & PCI_MSIX_FLAGS_QSIZE) + 1;
		}
	}

	return 0;
}

static long vfio_pci_ioctl(void *device_data,
			   unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
{
	struct vfio_pci_device *vdev = device_data;
	unsigned long minsz;

	if (cmd == VFIO_DEVICE_GET_INFO) {
		struct vfio_device_info info;

		minsz = offsetofend(struct vfio_device_info, num_irqs);

		if (copy_from_user(&info, (void __user *)arg, minsz))
			return -EFAULT;

		if (info.argsz < minsz)
			return -EINVAL;

		info.flags = VFIO_DEVICE_FLAGS_PCI;

		if (vdev->reset_works)
			info.flags |= VFIO_DEVICE_FLAGS_RESET;

		info.num_regions = VFIO_PCI_NUM_REGIONS;
		info.num_irqs = VFIO_PCI_NUM_IRQS;

		return copy_to_user((void __user *)arg, &info, minsz);

	} else if (cmd == VFIO_DEVICE_GET_REGION_INFO) {
		struct pci_dev *pdev = vdev->pdev;
		struct vfio_region_info info;

		minsz = offsetofend(struct vfio_region_info, offset);

		if (copy_from_user(&info, (void __user *)arg, minsz))
			return -EFAULT;

		if (info.argsz < minsz)
			return -EINVAL;

		switch (info.index) {
		case VFIO_PCI_CONFIG_REGION_INDEX:
			info.offset = VFIO_PCI_INDEX_TO_OFFSET(info.index);
			info.size = pdev->cfg_size;
			info.flags = VFIO_REGION_INFO_FLAG_READ |
				     VFIO_REGION_INFO_FLAG_WRITE;
			break;
		case VFIO_PCI_BAR0_REGION_INDEX ... VFIO_PCI_BAR5_REGION_INDEX:
			info.offset = VFIO_PCI_INDEX_TO_OFFSET(info.index);
			info.size = pci_resource_len(pdev, info.index);
			if (!info.size) {
				info.flags = 0;
				break;
			}

			info.flags = VFIO_REGION_INFO_FLAG_READ |
				     VFIO_REGION_INFO_FLAG_WRITE;
			if (pci_resource_flags(pdev, info.index) &
			    IORESOURCE_MEM && info.size >= PAGE_SIZE)
				info.flags |= VFIO_REGION_INFO_FLAG_MMAP;
			break;
		case VFIO_PCI_ROM_REGION_INDEX:
		{
			void __iomem *io;
			size_t size;

			info.offset = VFIO_PCI_INDEX_TO_OFFSET(info.index);
			info.flags = 0;

			/* Report the BAR size, not the ROM size */
			info.size = pci_resource_len(pdev, info.index);
			if (!info.size)
				break;

			/* Is it really there? */
			io = pci_map_rom(pdev, &size);
			if (!io || !size) {
				info.size = 0;
				break;
			}
			pci_unmap_rom(pdev, io);

			info.flags = VFIO_REGION_INFO_FLAG_READ;
			break;
		}
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		case VFIO_PCI_VGA_REGION_INDEX:
			if (!vdev->has_vga)
				return -EINVAL;

			info.offset = VFIO_PCI_INDEX_TO_OFFSET(info.index);
			info.size = 0xc0000;
			info.flags = VFIO_REGION_INFO_FLAG_READ |
				     VFIO_REGION_INFO_FLAG_WRITE;

			break;
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		default:
			return -EINVAL;
		}

		return copy_to_user((void __user *)arg, &info, minsz);

	} else if (cmd == VFIO_DEVICE_GET_IRQ_INFO) {
		struct vfio_irq_info info;

		minsz = offsetofend(struct vfio_irq_info, count);

		if (copy_from_user(&info, (void __user *)arg, minsz))
			return -EFAULT;

		if (info.argsz < minsz || info.index >= VFIO_PCI_NUM_IRQS)
			return -EINVAL;

		info.flags = VFIO_IRQ_INFO_EVENTFD;

		info.count = vfio_pci_get_irq_count(vdev, info.index);

		if (info.index == VFIO_PCI_INTX_IRQ_INDEX)
			info.flags |= (VFIO_IRQ_INFO_MASKABLE |
				       VFIO_IRQ_INFO_AUTOMASKED);
		else
			info.flags |= VFIO_IRQ_INFO_NORESIZE;

		return copy_to_user((void __user *)arg, &info, minsz);

	} else if (cmd == VFIO_DEVICE_SET_IRQS) {
		struct vfio_irq_set hdr;
		u8 *data = NULL;
		int ret = 0;

		minsz = offsetofend(struct vfio_irq_set, count);

		if (copy_from_user(&hdr, (void __user *)arg, minsz))
			return -EFAULT;

		if (hdr.argsz < minsz || hdr.index >= VFIO_PCI_NUM_IRQS ||
		    hdr.flags & ~(VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_TYPE_MASK |
				  VFIO_IRQ_SET_ACTION_TYPE_MASK))
			return -EINVAL;

		if (!(hdr.flags & VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_NONE)) {
			size_t size;

			if (hdr.flags & VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_BOOL)
				size = sizeof(uint8_t);
			else if (hdr.flags & VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_EVENTFD)
				size = sizeof(int32_t);
			else
				return -EINVAL;

			if (hdr.argsz - minsz < hdr.count * size ||
			    hdr.count > vfio_pci_get_irq_count(vdev, hdr.index))
				return -EINVAL;

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			data = memdup_user((void __user *)(arg + minsz),
					   hdr.count * size);
			if (IS_ERR(data))
				return PTR_ERR(data);
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		}

		mutex_lock(&vdev->igate);

		ret = vfio_pci_set_irqs_ioctl(vdev, hdr.flags, hdr.index,
					      hdr.start, hdr.count, data);

		mutex_unlock(&vdev->igate);
		kfree(data);

		return ret;

	} else if (cmd == VFIO_DEVICE_RESET)
		return vdev->reset_works ?
			pci_reset_function(vdev->pdev) : -EINVAL;

	return -ENOTTY;
}

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static ssize_t vfio_pci_rw(void *device_data, char __user *buf,
			   size_t count, loff_t *ppos, bool iswrite)
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{
	unsigned int index = VFIO_PCI_OFFSET_TO_INDEX(*ppos);
	struct vfio_pci_device *vdev = device_data;

	if (index >= VFIO_PCI_NUM_REGIONS)
		return -EINVAL;

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	switch (index) {
	case VFIO_PCI_CONFIG_REGION_INDEX:
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		return vfio_pci_config_rw(vdev, buf, count, ppos, iswrite);

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	case VFIO_PCI_ROM_REGION_INDEX:
		if (iswrite)
			return -EINVAL;
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		return vfio_pci_bar_rw(vdev, buf, count, ppos, false);
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	case VFIO_PCI_BAR0_REGION_INDEX ... VFIO_PCI_BAR5_REGION_INDEX:
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		return vfio_pci_bar_rw(vdev, buf, count, ppos, iswrite);
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	case VFIO_PCI_VGA_REGION_INDEX:
		return vfio_pci_vga_rw(vdev, buf, count, ppos, iswrite);
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	}

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	return -EINVAL;
}

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static ssize_t vfio_pci_read(void *device_data, char __user *buf,
			     size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
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	if (!count)
		return 0;

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	return vfio_pci_rw(device_data, buf, count, ppos, false);
}

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static ssize_t vfio_pci_write(void *device_data, const char __user *buf,
			      size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
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	if (!count)
		return 0;

	return vfio_pci_rw(device_data, (char __user *)buf, count, ppos, true);
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}

static int vfio_pci_mmap(void *device_data, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
	struct vfio_pci_device *vdev = device_data;
	struct pci_dev *pdev = vdev->pdev;
	unsigned int index;
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	u64 phys_len, req_len, pgoff, req_start;
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	int ret;

	index = vma->vm_pgoff >> (VFIO_PCI_OFFSET_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT);

	if (vma->vm_end < vma->vm_start)
		return -EINVAL;
	if ((vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) == 0)
		return -EINVAL;
	if (index >= VFIO_PCI_ROM_REGION_INDEX)
		return -EINVAL;
	if (!(pci_resource_flags(pdev, index) & IORESOURCE_MEM))
		return -EINVAL;

	phys_len = pci_resource_len(pdev, index);
	req_len = vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start;
	pgoff = vma->vm_pgoff &
		((1U << (VFIO_PCI_OFFSET_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT)) - 1);
	req_start = pgoff << PAGE_SHIFT;

	if (phys_len < PAGE_SIZE || req_start + req_len > phys_len)
		return -EINVAL;

	if (index == vdev->msix_bar) {
		/*
		 * Disallow mmaps overlapping the MSI-X table; users don't
		 * get to touch this directly.  We could find somewhere
		 * else to map the overlap, but page granularity is only
		 * a recommendation, not a requirement, so the user needs
		 * to know which bits are real.  Requiring them to mmap
		 * around the table makes that clear.
		 */

		/* If neither entirely above nor below, then it overlaps */
		if (!(req_start >= vdev->msix_offset + vdev->msix_size ||
		      req_start + req_len <= vdev->msix_offset))
			return -EINVAL;
	}

	/*
	 * Even though we don't make use of the barmap for the mmap,
	 * we need to request the region and the barmap tracks that.
	 */
	if (!vdev->barmap[index]) {
		ret = pci_request_selected_regions(pdev,
						   1 << index, "vfio-pci");
		if (ret)
			return ret;

		vdev->barmap[index] = pci_iomap(pdev, index, 0);
	}

	vma->vm_private_data = vdev;
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	vma->vm_flags |= VM_IO | VM_DONTEXPAND | VM_DONTDUMP;
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	vma->vm_page_prot = pgprot_noncached(vma->vm_page_prot);
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	vma->vm_pgoff = (pci_resource_start(pdev, index) >> PAGE_SHIFT) + pgoff;
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	return remap_pfn_range(vma, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_pgoff,
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			       req_len, vma->vm_page_prot);
}

static const struct vfio_device_ops vfio_pci_ops = {
	.name		= "vfio-pci",
	.open		= vfio_pci_open,
	.release	= vfio_pci_release,
	.ioctl		= vfio_pci_ioctl,
	.read		= vfio_pci_read,
	.write		= vfio_pci_write,
	.mmap		= vfio_pci_mmap,
};

static int vfio_pci_probe(struct pci_dev *pdev, const struct pci_device_id *id)
{
	u8 type;
	struct vfio_pci_device *vdev;
	struct iommu_group *group;
	int ret;

	pci_read_config_byte(pdev, PCI_HEADER_TYPE, &type);
	if ((type & PCI_HEADER_TYPE) != PCI_HEADER_TYPE_NORMAL)
		return -EINVAL;

	group = iommu_group_get(&pdev->dev);
	if (!group)
		return -EINVAL;

	vdev = kzalloc(sizeof(*vdev), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!vdev) {
		iommu_group_put(group);
		return -ENOMEM;
	}

	vdev->pdev = pdev;
	vdev->irq_type = VFIO_PCI_NUM_IRQS;
	mutex_init(&vdev->igate);
	spin_lock_init(&vdev->irqlock);
	atomic_set(&vdev->refcnt, 0);

	ret = vfio_add_group_dev(&pdev->dev, &vfio_pci_ops, vdev);
	if (ret) {
		iommu_group_put(group);
		kfree(vdev);
	}

	return ret;
}

static void vfio_pci_remove(struct pci_dev *pdev)
{
	struct vfio_pci_device *vdev;

	vdev = vfio_del_group_dev(&pdev->dev);
	if (!vdev)
		return;

	iommu_group_put(pdev->dev.iommu_group);
	kfree(vdev);
}

static struct pci_driver vfio_pci_driver = {
	.name		= "vfio-pci",
	.id_table	= NULL, /* only dynamic ids */
	.probe		= vfio_pci_probe,
	.remove		= vfio_pci_remove,
};

static void __exit vfio_pci_cleanup(void)
{
	pci_unregister_driver(&vfio_pci_driver);
	vfio_pci_virqfd_exit();
	vfio_pci_uninit_perm_bits();
}

static int __init vfio_pci_init(void)
{
	int ret;

	/* Allocate shared config space permision data used by all devices */
	ret = vfio_pci_init_perm_bits();
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	/* Start the virqfd cleanup handler */
	ret = vfio_pci_virqfd_init();
	if (ret)
		goto out_virqfd;

	/* Register and scan for devices */
	ret = pci_register_driver(&vfio_pci_driver);
	if (ret)
		goto out_driver;

	return 0;

out_driver:
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	vfio_pci_virqfd_exit();
out_virqfd:
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	vfio_pci_uninit_perm_bits();
	return ret;
}

module_init(vfio_pci_init);
module_exit(vfio_pci_cleanup);

MODULE_VERSION(DRIVER_VERSION);
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
MODULE_AUTHOR(DRIVER_AUTHOR);
MODULE_DESCRIPTION(DRIVER_DESC);