rc80211_minstrel_ht.c 25.9 KB
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/*
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 * Copyright (C) 2010-2013 Felix Fietkau <nbd@openwrt.org>
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 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 */
#include <linux/netdevice.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/skbuff.h>
#include <linux/debugfs.h>
#include <linux/random.h>
#include <linux/ieee80211.h>
#include <net/mac80211.h>
#include "rate.h"
#include "rc80211_minstrel.h"
#include "rc80211_minstrel_ht.h"

#define AVG_PKT_SIZE	1200
#define SAMPLE_COLUMNS	10
#define EWMA_LEVEL		75

/* Number of bits for an average sized packet */
#define MCS_NBITS (AVG_PKT_SIZE << 3)

/* Number of symbols for a packet with (bps) bits per symbol */
#define MCS_NSYMS(bps) ((MCS_NBITS + (bps) - 1) / (bps))

/* Transmission time for a packet containing (syms) symbols */
#define MCS_SYMBOL_TIME(sgi, syms)					\
	(sgi ?								\
	  ((syms) * 18 + 4) / 5 :	/* syms * 3.6 us */		\
	  (syms) << 2			/* syms * 4 us */		\
	)

/* Transmit duration for the raw data part of an average sized packet */
#define MCS_DURATION(streams, sgi, bps) MCS_SYMBOL_TIME(sgi, MCS_NSYMS((streams) * (bps)))

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/*
 * Define group sort order: HT40 -> SGI -> #streams
 */
#define GROUP_IDX(_streams, _sgi, _ht40)	\
	MINSTREL_MAX_STREAMS * 2 * _ht40 +	\
	MINSTREL_MAX_STREAMS * _sgi +		\
	_streams - 1

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/* MCS rate information for an MCS group */
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#define MCS_GROUP(_streams, _sgi, _ht40)				\
	[GROUP_IDX(_streams, _sgi, _ht40)] = {				\
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	.streams = _streams,						\
	.flags =							\
		(_sgi ? IEEE80211_TX_RC_SHORT_GI : 0) |			\
		(_ht40 ? IEEE80211_TX_RC_40_MHZ_WIDTH : 0),		\
	.duration = {							\
		MCS_DURATION(_streams, _sgi, _ht40 ? 54 : 26),		\
		MCS_DURATION(_streams, _sgi, _ht40 ? 108 : 52),		\
		MCS_DURATION(_streams, _sgi, _ht40 ? 162 : 78),		\
		MCS_DURATION(_streams, _sgi, _ht40 ? 216 : 104),	\
		MCS_DURATION(_streams, _sgi, _ht40 ? 324 : 156),	\
		MCS_DURATION(_streams, _sgi, _ht40 ? 432 : 208),	\
		MCS_DURATION(_streams, _sgi, _ht40 ? 486 : 234),	\
		MCS_DURATION(_streams, _sgi, _ht40 ? 540 : 260)		\
	}								\
}

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#define CCK_DURATION(_bitrate, _short, _len)		\
	(10 /* SIFS */ +				\
	 (_short ? 72 + 24 : 144 + 48 ) +		\
	 (8 * (_len + 4) * 10) / (_bitrate))

#define CCK_ACK_DURATION(_bitrate, _short)			\
	(CCK_DURATION((_bitrate > 10 ? 20 : 10), false, 60) +	\
	 CCK_DURATION(_bitrate, _short, AVG_PKT_SIZE))

#define CCK_DURATION_LIST(_short)			\
	CCK_ACK_DURATION(10, _short),			\
	CCK_ACK_DURATION(20, _short),			\
	CCK_ACK_DURATION(55, _short),			\
	CCK_ACK_DURATION(110, _short)

#define CCK_GROUP						\
	[MINSTREL_MAX_STREAMS * MINSTREL_STREAM_GROUPS] = {	\
		.streams = 0,					\
		.duration = {					\
			CCK_DURATION_LIST(false),		\
			CCK_DURATION_LIST(true)			\
		}						\
	}

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/*
 * To enable sufficiently targeted rate sampling, MCS rates are divided into
 * groups, based on the number of streams and flags (HT40, SGI) that they
 * use.
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 *
 * Sortorder has to be fixed for GROUP_IDX macro to be applicable:
 * HT40 -> SGI -> #streams
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 */
const struct mcs_group minstrel_mcs_groups[] = {
	MCS_GROUP(1, 0, 0),
	MCS_GROUP(2, 0, 0),
#if MINSTREL_MAX_STREAMS >= 3
	MCS_GROUP(3, 0, 0),
#endif

	MCS_GROUP(1, 1, 0),
	MCS_GROUP(2, 1, 0),
#if MINSTREL_MAX_STREAMS >= 3
	MCS_GROUP(3, 1, 0),
#endif

	MCS_GROUP(1, 0, 1),
	MCS_GROUP(2, 0, 1),
#if MINSTREL_MAX_STREAMS >= 3
	MCS_GROUP(3, 0, 1),
#endif

	MCS_GROUP(1, 1, 1),
	MCS_GROUP(2, 1, 1),
#if MINSTREL_MAX_STREAMS >= 3
	MCS_GROUP(3, 1, 1),
#endif
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	/* must be last */
	CCK_GROUP
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};

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#define MINSTREL_CCK_GROUP	(ARRAY_SIZE(minstrel_mcs_groups) - 1)

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static u8 sample_table[SAMPLE_COLUMNS][MCS_GROUP_RATES];

/*
 * Perform EWMA (Exponentially Weighted Moving Average) calculation
 */
static int
minstrel_ewma(int old, int new, int weight)
{
	return (new * (100 - weight) + old * weight) / 100;
}

/*
 * Look up an MCS group index based on mac80211 rate information
 */
static int
minstrel_ht_get_group_idx(struct ieee80211_tx_rate *rate)
{
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	return GROUP_IDX((rate->idx / MCS_GROUP_RATES) + 1,
			 !!(rate->flags & IEEE80211_TX_RC_SHORT_GI),
			 !!(rate->flags & IEEE80211_TX_RC_40_MHZ_WIDTH));
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}

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static struct minstrel_rate_stats *
minstrel_ht_get_stats(struct minstrel_priv *mp, struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi,
		      struct ieee80211_tx_rate *rate)
{
	int group, idx;

	if (rate->flags & IEEE80211_TX_RC_MCS) {
		group = minstrel_ht_get_group_idx(rate);
		idx = rate->idx % MCS_GROUP_RATES;
	} else {
		group = MINSTREL_CCK_GROUP;

		for (idx = 0; idx < ARRAY_SIZE(mp->cck_rates); idx++)
			if (rate->idx == mp->cck_rates[idx])
				break;

		/* short preamble */
		if (!(mi->groups[group].supported & BIT(idx)))
			idx += 4;
	}
	return &mi->groups[group].rates[idx];
}

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static inline struct minstrel_rate_stats *
minstrel_get_ratestats(struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi, int index)
{
	return &mi->groups[index / MCS_GROUP_RATES].rates[index % MCS_GROUP_RATES];
}


/*
 * Recalculate success probabilities and counters for a rate using EWMA
 */
static void
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minstrel_calc_rate_ewma(struct minstrel_rate_stats *mr)
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{
	if (unlikely(mr->attempts > 0)) {
		mr->sample_skipped = 0;
		mr->cur_prob = MINSTREL_FRAC(mr->success, mr->attempts);
		if (!mr->att_hist)
			mr->probability = mr->cur_prob;
		else
			mr->probability = minstrel_ewma(mr->probability,
				mr->cur_prob, EWMA_LEVEL);
		mr->att_hist += mr->attempts;
		mr->succ_hist += mr->success;
	} else {
		mr->sample_skipped++;
	}
	mr->last_success = mr->success;
	mr->last_attempts = mr->attempts;
	mr->success = 0;
	mr->attempts = 0;
}

/*
 * Calculate throughput based on the average A-MPDU length, taking into account
 * the expected number of retransmissions and their expected length
 */
static void
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minstrel_ht_calc_tp(struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi, int group, int rate)
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{
	struct minstrel_rate_stats *mr;
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	unsigned int usecs = 0;
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	mr = &mi->groups[group].rates[rate];

	if (mr->probability < MINSTREL_FRAC(1, 10)) {
		mr->cur_tp = 0;
		return;
	}

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	if (group != MINSTREL_CCK_GROUP)
		usecs = mi->overhead / MINSTREL_TRUNC(mi->avg_ampdu_len);

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	usecs += minstrel_mcs_groups[group].duration[rate];
	mr->cur_tp = MINSTREL_TRUNC((1000000 / usecs) * mr->probability);
}

/*
 * Update rate statistics and select new primary rates
 *
 * Rules for rate selection:
 *  - max_prob_rate must use only one stream, as a tradeoff between delivery
 *    probability and throughput during strong fluctuations
 *  - as long as the max prob rate has a probability of more than 3/4, pick
 *    higher throughput rates, even if the probablity is a bit lower
 */
static void
minstrel_ht_update_stats(struct minstrel_priv *mp, struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi)
{
	struct minstrel_mcs_group_data *mg;
	struct minstrel_rate_stats *mr;
	int cur_prob, cur_prob_tp, cur_tp, cur_tp2;
	int group, i, index;

	if (mi->ampdu_packets > 0) {
		mi->avg_ampdu_len = minstrel_ewma(mi->avg_ampdu_len,
			MINSTREL_FRAC(mi->ampdu_len, mi->ampdu_packets), EWMA_LEVEL);
		mi->ampdu_len = 0;
		mi->ampdu_packets = 0;
	}

	mi->sample_slow = 0;
	mi->sample_count = 0;
	mi->max_tp_rate = 0;
	mi->max_tp_rate2 = 0;
	mi->max_prob_rate = 0;

	for (group = 0; group < ARRAY_SIZE(minstrel_mcs_groups); group++) {
		cur_prob = 0;
		cur_prob_tp = 0;
		cur_tp = 0;
		cur_tp2 = 0;

		mg = &mi->groups[group];
		if (!mg->supported)
			continue;

		mg->max_tp_rate = 0;
		mg->max_tp_rate2 = 0;
		mg->max_prob_rate = 0;
		mi->sample_count++;

		for (i = 0; i < MCS_GROUP_RATES; i++) {
			if (!(mg->supported & BIT(i)))
				continue;

			mr = &mg->rates[i];
			mr->retry_updated = false;
			index = MCS_GROUP_RATES * group + i;
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			minstrel_calc_rate_ewma(mr);
			minstrel_ht_calc_tp(mi, group, i);
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			if (!mr->cur_tp)
				continue;

			if ((mr->cur_tp > cur_prob_tp && mr->probability >
			     MINSTREL_FRAC(3, 4)) || mr->probability > cur_prob) {
				mg->max_prob_rate = index;
				cur_prob = mr->probability;
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				cur_prob_tp = mr->cur_tp;
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			}

			if (mr->cur_tp > cur_tp) {
				swap(index, mg->max_tp_rate);
				cur_tp = mr->cur_tp;
				mr = minstrel_get_ratestats(mi, index);
			}

			if (index >= mg->max_tp_rate)
				continue;

			if (mr->cur_tp > cur_tp2) {
				mg->max_tp_rate2 = index;
				cur_tp2 = mr->cur_tp;
			}
		}
	}

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	/* try to sample up to half of the available rates during each interval */
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	mi->sample_count *= 4;

	cur_prob = 0;
	cur_prob_tp = 0;
	cur_tp = 0;
	cur_tp2 = 0;
	for (group = 0; group < ARRAY_SIZE(minstrel_mcs_groups); group++) {
		mg = &mi->groups[group];
		if (!mg->supported)
			continue;

		mr = minstrel_get_ratestats(mi, mg->max_prob_rate);
		if (cur_prob_tp < mr->cur_tp &&
		    minstrel_mcs_groups[group].streams == 1) {
			mi->max_prob_rate = mg->max_prob_rate;
			cur_prob = mr->cur_prob;
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			cur_prob_tp = mr->cur_tp;
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		}

		mr = minstrel_get_ratestats(mi, mg->max_tp_rate);
		if (cur_tp < mr->cur_tp) {
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			mi->max_tp_rate2 = mi->max_tp_rate;
			cur_tp2 = cur_tp;
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			mi->max_tp_rate = mg->max_tp_rate;
			cur_tp = mr->cur_tp;
		}

		mr = minstrel_get_ratestats(mi, mg->max_tp_rate2);
		if (cur_tp2 < mr->cur_tp) {
			mi->max_tp_rate2 = mg->max_tp_rate2;
			cur_tp2 = mr->cur_tp;
		}
	}

	mi->stats_update = jiffies;
}

static bool
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minstrel_ht_txstat_valid(struct minstrel_priv *mp, struct ieee80211_tx_rate *rate)
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{
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	if (rate->idx < 0)
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		return false;

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	if (!rate->count)
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		return false;

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	if (rate->flags & IEEE80211_TX_RC_MCS)
		return true;

	return rate->idx == mp->cck_rates[0] ||
	       rate->idx == mp->cck_rates[1] ||
	       rate->idx == mp->cck_rates[2] ||
	       rate->idx == mp->cck_rates[3];
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}

static void
minstrel_next_sample_idx(struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi)
{
	struct minstrel_mcs_group_data *mg;

	for (;;) {
		mi->sample_group++;
		mi->sample_group %= ARRAY_SIZE(minstrel_mcs_groups);
		mg = &mi->groups[mi->sample_group];

		if (!mg->supported)
			continue;

		if (++mg->index >= MCS_GROUP_RATES) {
			mg->index = 0;
			if (++mg->column >= ARRAY_SIZE(sample_table))
				mg->column = 0;
		}
		break;
	}
}

static void
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minstrel_downgrade_rate(struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi, unsigned int *idx,
			bool primary)
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{
	int group, orig_group;

	orig_group = group = *idx / MCS_GROUP_RATES;
	while (group > 0) {
		group--;

		if (!mi->groups[group].supported)
			continue;

		if (minstrel_mcs_groups[group].streams >
		    minstrel_mcs_groups[orig_group].streams)
			continue;

		if (primary)
			*idx = mi->groups[group].max_tp_rate;
		else
			*idx = mi->groups[group].max_tp_rate2;
		break;
	}
}

static void
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minstrel_aggr_check(struct ieee80211_sta *pubsta, struct sk_buff *skb)
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{
	struct ieee80211_hdr *hdr = (struct ieee80211_hdr *) skb->data;
	struct sta_info *sta = container_of(pubsta, struct sta_info, sta);
	u16 tid;

	if (unlikely(!ieee80211_is_data_qos(hdr->frame_control)))
		return;

	if (unlikely(skb->protocol == cpu_to_be16(ETH_P_PAE)))
		return;

	tid = *ieee80211_get_qos_ctl(hdr) & IEEE80211_QOS_CTL_TID_MASK;
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	if (likely(sta->ampdu_mlme.tid_tx[tid]))
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		return;

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	if (skb_get_queue_mapping(skb) == IEEE80211_AC_VO)
		return;

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	ieee80211_start_tx_ba_session(pubsta, tid, 5000);
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}

static void
minstrel_ht_tx_status(void *priv, struct ieee80211_supported_band *sband,
                      struct ieee80211_sta *sta, void *priv_sta,
                      struct sk_buff *skb)
{
	struct minstrel_ht_sta_priv *msp = priv_sta;
	struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi = &msp->ht;
	struct ieee80211_tx_info *info = IEEE80211_SKB_CB(skb);
	struct ieee80211_tx_rate *ar = info->status.rates;
	struct minstrel_rate_stats *rate, *rate2;
	struct minstrel_priv *mp = priv;
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	bool last;
	int i;
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	if (!msp->is_ht)
		return mac80211_minstrel.tx_status(priv, sband, sta, &msp->legacy, skb);

	/* This packet was aggregated but doesn't carry status info */
	if ((info->flags & IEEE80211_TX_CTL_AMPDU) &&
	    !(info->flags & IEEE80211_TX_STAT_AMPDU))
		return;

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	if (!(info->flags & IEEE80211_TX_STAT_AMPDU)) {
		info->status.ampdu_ack_len =
			(info->flags & IEEE80211_TX_STAT_ACK ? 1 : 0);
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		info->status.ampdu_len = 1;
	}

	mi->ampdu_packets++;
	mi->ampdu_len += info->status.ampdu_len;

	if (!mi->sample_wait && !mi->sample_tries && mi->sample_count > 0) {
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		mi->sample_wait = 16 + 2 * MINSTREL_TRUNC(mi->avg_ampdu_len);
		mi->sample_tries = 2;
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		mi->sample_count--;
	}

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	if (info->flags & IEEE80211_TX_CTL_RATE_CTRL_PROBE)
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		mi->sample_packets += info->status.ampdu_len;

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	last = !minstrel_ht_txstat_valid(mp, &ar[0]);
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	for (i = 0; !last; i++) {
		last = (i == IEEE80211_TX_MAX_RATES - 1) ||
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		       !minstrel_ht_txstat_valid(mp, &ar[i + 1]);
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		rate = minstrel_ht_get_stats(mp, mi, &ar[i]);
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		if (last)
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			rate->success += info->status.ampdu_ack_len;

		rate->attempts += ar[i].count * info->status.ampdu_len;
	}

	/*
	 * check for sudden death of spatial multiplexing,
	 * downgrade to a lower number of streams if necessary.
	 */
	rate = minstrel_get_ratestats(mi, mi->max_tp_rate);
	if (rate->attempts > 30 &&
	    MINSTREL_FRAC(rate->success, rate->attempts) <
	    MINSTREL_FRAC(20, 100))
		minstrel_downgrade_rate(mi, &mi->max_tp_rate, true);

	rate2 = minstrel_get_ratestats(mi, mi->max_tp_rate2);
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	if (rate2->attempts > 30 &&
	    MINSTREL_FRAC(rate2->success, rate2->attempts) <
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	    MINSTREL_FRAC(20, 100))
		minstrel_downgrade_rate(mi, &mi->max_tp_rate2, false);

	if (time_after(jiffies, mi->stats_update + (mp->update_interval / 2 * HZ) / 1000)) {
		minstrel_ht_update_stats(mp, mi);
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		if (!(info->flags & IEEE80211_TX_CTL_AMPDU) &&
		    mi->max_prob_rate / MCS_GROUP_RATES != MINSTREL_CCK_GROUP)
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			minstrel_aggr_check(sta, skb);
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	}
}

static void
minstrel_calc_retransmit(struct minstrel_priv *mp, struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi,
                         int index)
{
	struct minstrel_rate_stats *mr;
	const struct mcs_group *group;
	unsigned int tx_time, tx_time_rtscts, tx_time_data;
	unsigned int cw = mp->cw_min;
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	unsigned int ctime = 0;
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	unsigned int t_slot = 9; /* FIXME */
	unsigned int ampdu_len = MINSTREL_TRUNC(mi->avg_ampdu_len);
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	unsigned int overhead = 0, overhead_rtscts = 0;
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	mr = minstrel_get_ratestats(mi, index);
	if (mr->probability < MINSTREL_FRAC(1, 10)) {
		mr->retry_count = 1;
		mr->retry_count_rtscts = 1;
		return;
	}

	mr->retry_count = 2;
	mr->retry_count_rtscts = 2;
	mr->retry_updated = true;

	group = &minstrel_mcs_groups[index / MCS_GROUP_RATES];
	tx_time_data = group->duration[index % MCS_GROUP_RATES] * ampdu_len;
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	/* Contention time for first 2 tries */
	ctime = (t_slot * cw) >> 1;
	cw = min((cw << 1) | 1, mp->cw_max);
	ctime += (t_slot * cw) >> 1;
	cw = min((cw << 1) | 1, mp->cw_max);

547
548
549
550
551
	if (index / MCS_GROUP_RATES != MINSTREL_CCK_GROUP) {
		overhead = mi->overhead;
		overhead_rtscts = mi->overhead_rtscts;
	}

552
	/* Total TX time for data and Contention after first 2 tries */
553
554
	tx_time = ctime + 2 * (overhead + tx_time_data);
	tx_time_rtscts = ctime + 2 * (overhead_rtscts + tx_time_data);
555
556

	/* See how many more tries we can fit inside segment size */
557
	do {
558
559
560
561
562
		/* Contention time for this try */
		ctime = (t_slot * cw) >> 1;
		cw = min((cw << 1) | 1, mp->cw_max);

		/* Total TX time after this try */
563
564
		tx_time += ctime + overhead + tx_time_data;
		tx_time_rtscts += ctime + overhead_rtscts + tx_time_data;
565

566
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579
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584
		if (tx_time_rtscts < mp->segment_size)
			mr->retry_count_rtscts++;
	} while ((tx_time < mp->segment_size) &&
	         (++mr->retry_count < mp->max_retry));
}


static void
minstrel_ht_set_rate(struct minstrel_priv *mp, struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi,
                     struct ieee80211_tx_rate *rate, int index,
                     bool sample, bool rtscts)
{
	const struct mcs_group *group = &minstrel_mcs_groups[index / MCS_GROUP_RATES];
	struct minstrel_rate_stats *mr;

	mr = minstrel_get_ratestats(mi, index);
	if (!mr->retry_updated)
		minstrel_calc_retransmit(mp, mi, index);

585
586
587
	if (sample)
		rate->count = 1;
	else if (mr->probability < MINSTREL_FRAC(20, 100))
588
589
590
591
592
593
		rate->count = 2;
	else if (rtscts)
		rate->count = mr->retry_count_rtscts;
	else
		rate->count = mr->retry_count;

594
	rate->flags = 0;
595
	if (rtscts)
596
		rate->flags |= IEEE80211_TX_RC_USE_RTS_CTS;
597
598
599
600
601
602
603

	if (index / MCS_GROUP_RATES == MINSTREL_CCK_GROUP) {
		rate->idx = mp->cck_rates[index % ARRAY_SIZE(mp->cck_rates)];
		return;
	}

	rate->flags |= IEEE80211_TX_RC_MCS | group->flags;
604
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614
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616
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618
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621
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629
630
631
632
633
	rate->idx = index % MCS_GROUP_RATES + (group->streams - 1) * MCS_GROUP_RATES;
}

static inline int
minstrel_get_duration(int index)
{
	const struct mcs_group *group = &minstrel_mcs_groups[index / MCS_GROUP_RATES];
	return group->duration[index % MCS_GROUP_RATES];
}

static int
minstrel_get_sample_rate(struct minstrel_priv *mp, struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi)
{
	struct minstrel_rate_stats *mr;
	struct minstrel_mcs_group_data *mg;
	int sample_idx = 0;

	if (mi->sample_wait > 0) {
		mi->sample_wait--;
		return -1;
	}

	if (!mi->sample_tries)
		return -1;

	mi->sample_tries--;
	mg = &mi->groups[mi->sample_group];
	sample_idx = sample_table[mg->column][mg->index];
	mr = &mg->rates[sample_idx];
	sample_idx += mi->sample_group * MCS_GROUP_RATES;
634
	minstrel_next_sample_idx(mi);
635

636
637
638
639
640
641
642
	/*
	 * Sampling might add some overhead (RTS, no aggregation)
	 * to the frame. Hence, don't use sampling for the currently
	 * used max TP rate.
	 */
	if (sample_idx == mi->max_tp_rate)
		return -1;
643
644
645
646
647
	/*
	 * When not using MRR, do not sample if the probability is already
	 * higher than 95% to avoid wasting airtime
	 */
	if (!mp->has_mrr && (mr->probability > MINSTREL_FRAC(95, 100)))
648
		return -1;
649
650
651
652
653
654
655

	/*
	 * Make sure that lower rates get sampled only occasionally,
	 * if the link is working perfectly.
	 */
	if (minstrel_get_duration(sample_idx) >
	    minstrel_get_duration(mi->max_tp_rate)) {
656
		if (mr->sample_skipped < 20)
657
			return -1;
658
659

		if (mi->sample_slow++ > 2)
660
			return -1;
661
662
663
664
665
	}

	return sample_idx;
}

666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
static void
minstrel_ht_check_cck_shortpreamble(struct minstrel_priv *mp,
				    struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi, bool val)
{
	u8 supported = mi->groups[MINSTREL_CCK_GROUP].supported;

	if (!supported || !mi->cck_supported_short)
		return;

	if (supported & (mi->cck_supported_short << (val * 4)))
		return;

	supported ^= mi->cck_supported_short | (mi->cck_supported_short << 4);
	mi->groups[MINSTREL_CCK_GROUP].supported = supported;
}

682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
691
static void
minstrel_ht_get_rate(void *priv, struct ieee80211_sta *sta, void *priv_sta,
                     struct ieee80211_tx_rate_control *txrc)
{
	struct ieee80211_tx_info *info = IEEE80211_SKB_CB(txrc->skb);
	struct ieee80211_tx_rate *ar = info->status.rates;
	struct minstrel_ht_sta_priv *msp = priv_sta;
	struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi = &msp->ht;
	struct minstrel_priv *mp = priv;
	int sample_idx;
692
	bool sample = false;
693
694
695
696
697
698
699
700

	if (rate_control_send_low(sta, priv_sta, txrc))
		return;

	if (!msp->is_ht)
		return mac80211_minstrel.get_rate(priv, sta, &msp->legacy, txrc);

	info->flags |= mi->tx_flags;
701
	minstrel_ht_check_cck_shortpreamble(mp, mi, txrc->short_preamble);
702
703
704
705
706
707
708

	/* Don't use EAPOL frames for sampling on non-mrr hw */
	if (mp->hw->max_rates == 1 &&
	    txrc->skb->protocol == cpu_to_be16(ETH_P_PAE))
		sample_idx = -1;
	else
		sample_idx = minstrel_get_sample_rate(mp, mi);
709
710
711

#ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_DEBUGFS
	/* use fixed index if set */
712
713
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715
716
717
	if (mp->fixed_rate_idx != -1) {
		mi->max_tp_rate = mp->fixed_rate_idx;
		mi->max_tp_rate2 = mp->fixed_rate_idx;
		mi->max_prob_rate = mp->fixed_rate_idx;
		sample_idx = -1;
	}
718
719
#endif

720
	if (sample_idx >= 0) {
721
		sample = true;
722
		minstrel_ht_set_rate(mp, mi, &ar[0], sample_idx,
723
			true, false);
724
725
726
		info->flags |= IEEE80211_TX_CTL_RATE_CTRL_PROBE;
	} else {
		minstrel_ht_set_rate(mp, mi, &ar[0], mi->max_tp_rate,
727
			false, false);
728
729
	}

730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
	if (mp->hw->max_rates >= 3) {
		/*
		 * At least 3 tx rates supported, use
		 * sample_rate -> max_tp_rate -> max_prob_rate for sampling and
		 * max_tp_rate -> max_tp_rate2 -> max_prob_rate by default.
		 */
		if (sample_idx >= 0)
			minstrel_ht_set_rate(mp, mi, &ar[1], mi->max_tp_rate,
738
				false, false);
739
740
		else
			minstrel_ht_set_rate(mp, mi, &ar[1], mi->max_tp_rate2,
741
				false, true);
742
743

		minstrel_ht_set_rate(mp, mi, &ar[2], mi->max_prob_rate,
744
				     false, !sample);
745
746
747
748
749
750
751
752
753
754

		ar[3].count = 0;
		ar[3].idx = -1;
	} else if (mp->hw->max_rates == 2) {
		/*
		 * Only 2 tx rates supported, use
		 * sample_rate -> max_prob_rate for sampling and
		 * max_tp_rate -> max_prob_rate by default.
		 */
		minstrel_ht_set_rate(mp, mi, &ar[1], mi->max_prob_rate,
755
				     false, !sample);
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763

		ar[2].count = 0;
		ar[2].idx = -1;
	} else {
		/* Not using MRR, only use the first rate */
		ar[1].count = 0;
		ar[1].idx = -1;
	}
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773

	mi->total_packets++;

	/* wraparound */
	if (mi->total_packets == ~0) {
		mi->total_packets = 0;
		mi->sample_packets = 0;
	}
}

774
775
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784
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795
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797
static void
minstrel_ht_update_cck(struct minstrel_priv *mp, struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi,
		       struct ieee80211_supported_band *sband,
		       struct ieee80211_sta *sta)
{
	int i;

	if (sband->band != IEEE80211_BAND_2GHZ)
		return;

	mi->cck_supported = 0;
	mi->cck_supported_short = 0;
	for (i = 0; i < 4; i++) {
		if (!rate_supported(sta, sband->band, mp->cck_rates[i]))
			continue;

		mi->cck_supported |= BIT(i);
		if (sband->bitrates[i].flags & IEEE80211_RATE_SHORT_PREAMBLE)
			mi->cck_supported_short |= BIT(i);
	}

	mi->groups[MINSTREL_CCK_GROUP].supported = mi->cck_supported;
}

798
799
static void
minstrel_ht_update_caps(void *priv, struct ieee80211_supported_band *sband,
800
                        struct ieee80211_sta *sta, void *priv_sta)
801
802
803
804
805
806
{
	struct minstrel_priv *mp = priv;
	struct minstrel_ht_sta_priv *msp = priv_sta;
	struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi = &msp->ht;
	struct ieee80211_mcs_info *mcs = &sta->ht_cap.mcs;
	u16 sta_cap = sta->ht_cap.cap;
807
	int n_supported = 0;
808
809
810
	int ack_dur;
	int stbc;
	int i;
811
	unsigned int smps;
812
813

	/* fall back to the old minstrel for legacy stations */
814
815
	if (!sta->ht_cap.ht_supported)
		goto use_legacy;
816
817

	BUILD_BUG_ON(ARRAY_SIZE(minstrel_mcs_groups) !=
818
		MINSTREL_MAX_STREAMS * MINSTREL_STREAM_GROUPS + 1);
819
820
821
822
823

	msp->is_ht = true;
	memset(mi, 0, sizeof(*mi));
	mi->stats_update = jiffies;

824
825
	ack_dur = ieee80211_frame_duration(sband->band, 10, 60, 1, 1);
	mi->overhead = ieee80211_frame_duration(sband->band, 0, 60, 1, 1) + ack_dur;
826
827
828
829
830
831
832
833
834
835
836
837
838
839
840
841
842
843
844
845
846
	mi->overhead_rtscts = mi->overhead + 2 * ack_dur;

	mi->avg_ampdu_len = MINSTREL_FRAC(1, 1);

	/* When using MRR, sample more on the first attempt, without delay */
	if (mp->has_mrr) {
		mi->sample_count = 16;
		mi->sample_wait = 0;
	} else {
		mi->sample_count = 8;
		mi->sample_wait = 8;
	}
	mi->sample_tries = 4;

	stbc = (sta_cap & IEEE80211_HT_CAP_RX_STBC) >>
		IEEE80211_HT_CAP_RX_STBC_SHIFT;
	mi->tx_flags |= stbc << IEEE80211_TX_CTL_STBC_SHIFT;

	if (sta_cap & IEEE80211_HT_CAP_LDPC_CODING)
		mi->tx_flags |= IEEE80211_TX_CTL_LDPC;

847
848
849
	smps = (sta_cap & IEEE80211_HT_CAP_SM_PS) >>
		IEEE80211_HT_CAP_SM_PS_SHIFT;

850
851
	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(mi->groups); i++) {
		mi->groups[i].supported = 0;
852
853
854
855
856
		if (i == MINSTREL_CCK_GROUP) {
			minstrel_ht_update_cck(mp, mi, sband, sta);
			continue;
		}

857
		if (minstrel_mcs_groups[i].flags & IEEE80211_TX_RC_SHORT_GI) {
858
859
860
861
862
863
864
			if (minstrel_mcs_groups[i].flags & IEEE80211_TX_RC_40_MHZ_WIDTH) {
				if (!(sta_cap & IEEE80211_HT_CAP_SGI_40))
					continue;
			} else {
				if (!(sta_cap & IEEE80211_HT_CAP_SGI_20))
					continue;
			}
865
866
		}

867
868
		if (minstrel_mcs_groups[i].flags & IEEE80211_TX_RC_40_MHZ_WIDTH &&
		    sta->bandwidth < IEEE80211_STA_RX_BW_40)
869
870
			continue;

871
872
873
874
875
		/* Mark MCS > 7 as unsupported if STA is in static SMPS mode */
		if (smps == WLAN_HT_CAP_SM_PS_STATIC &&
		    minstrel_mcs_groups[i].streams > 1)
			continue;

876
877
		mi->groups[i].supported =
			mcs->rx_mask[minstrel_mcs_groups[i].streams - 1];
878
879
880

		if (mi->groups[i].supported)
			n_supported++;
881
	}
882
883
884
885
886
887
888
889
890
891
892
893

	if (!n_supported)
		goto use_legacy;

	return;

use_legacy:
	msp->is_ht = false;
	memset(&msp->legacy, 0, sizeof(msp->legacy));
	msp->legacy.r = msp->ratelist;
	msp->legacy.sample_table = msp->sample_table;
	return mac80211_minstrel.rate_init(priv, sband, sta, &msp->legacy);
894
895
896
897
898
899
}

static void
minstrel_ht_rate_init(void *priv, struct ieee80211_supported_band *sband,
                      struct ieee80211_sta *sta, void *priv_sta)
{
900
	minstrel_ht_update_caps(priv, sband, sta, priv_sta);
901
902
903
904
905
}

static void
minstrel_ht_rate_update(void *priv, struct ieee80211_supported_band *sband,
                        struct ieee80211_sta *sta, void *priv_sta,
906
                        u32 changed)
907
{
908
	minstrel_ht_update_caps(priv, sband, sta, priv_sta);
909
910
911
912
913
914
915
916
917
918
919
920
921
922
923
924
925
926
}

static void *
minstrel_ht_alloc_sta(void *priv, struct ieee80211_sta *sta, gfp_t gfp)
{
	struct ieee80211_supported_band *sband;
	struct minstrel_ht_sta_priv *msp;
	struct minstrel_priv *mp = priv;
	struct ieee80211_hw *hw = mp->hw;
	int max_rates = 0;
	int i;

	for (i = 0; i < IEEE80211_NUM_BANDS; i++) {
		sband = hw->wiphy->bands[i];
		if (sband && sband->n_bitrates > max_rates)
			max_rates = sband->n_bitrates;
	}

927
	msp = kzalloc(sizeof(*msp), gfp);
928
929
930
931
932
933
934
935
936
937
938
939
940
941
	if (!msp)
		return NULL;

	msp->ratelist = kzalloc(sizeof(struct minstrel_rate) * max_rates, gfp);
	if (!msp->ratelist)
		goto error;

	msp->sample_table = kmalloc(SAMPLE_COLUMNS * max_rates, gfp);
	if (!msp->sample_table)
		goto error1;

	return msp;

error1:
942
	kfree(msp->ratelist);
943
944
945
946
947
948
949
950
951
952
953
954
955
956
957
958
959
960
961
962
963
964
965
966
967
968
969
970
971
972
973
974
975
976
977
978
979
980
981
982
983
984
985
986
987
988
989
990
991
992
993
994
995
996
997
998
999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004
1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
1011
1012
1013
1014
1015
1016
1017
1018
error:
	kfree(msp);
	return NULL;
}

static void
minstrel_ht_free_sta(void *priv, struct ieee80211_sta *sta, void *priv_sta)
{
	struct minstrel_ht_sta_priv *msp = priv_sta;

	kfree(msp->sample_table);
	kfree(msp->ratelist);
	kfree(msp);
}

static void *
minstrel_ht_alloc(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct dentry *debugfsdir)
{
	return mac80211_minstrel.alloc(hw, debugfsdir);
}

static void
minstrel_ht_free(void *priv)
{
	mac80211_minstrel.free(priv);
}

static struct rate_control_ops mac80211_minstrel_ht = {
	.name = "minstrel_ht",
	.tx_status = minstrel_ht_tx_status,
	.get_rate = minstrel_ht_get_rate,
	.rate_init = minstrel_ht_rate_init,
	.rate_update = minstrel_ht_rate_update,
	.alloc_sta = minstrel_ht_alloc_sta,
	.free_sta = minstrel_ht_free_sta,
	.alloc = minstrel_ht_alloc,
	.free = minstrel_ht_free,
#ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_DEBUGFS
	.add_sta_debugfs = minstrel_ht_add_sta_debugfs,
	.remove_sta_debugfs = minstrel_ht_remove_sta_debugfs,
#endif
};


static void
init_sample_table(void)
{
	int col, i, new_idx;
	u8 rnd[MCS_GROUP_RATES];

	memset(sample_table, 0xff, sizeof(sample_table));
	for (col = 0; col < SAMPLE_COLUMNS; col++) {
		for (i = 0; i < MCS_GROUP_RATES; i++) {
			get_random_bytes(rnd, sizeof(rnd));
			new_idx = (i + rnd[i]) % MCS_GROUP_RATES;

			while (sample_table[col][new_idx] != 0xff)
				new_idx = (new_idx + 1) % MCS_GROUP_RATES;

			sample_table[col][new_idx] = i;
		}
	}
}

int __init
rc80211_minstrel_ht_init(void)
{
	init_sample_table();
	return ieee80211_rate_control_register(&mac80211_minstrel_ht);
}

void
rc80211_minstrel_ht_exit(void)
{
	ieee80211_rate_control_unregister(&mac80211_minstrel_ht);
}