mlme.c 104 KB
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/*
 * BSS client mode implementation
 * Copyright 2003, Jouni Malinen <jkmaline@cc.hut.fi>
 * Copyright 2004, Instant802 Networks, Inc.
 * Copyright 2005, Devicescape Software, Inc.
 * Copyright 2006-2007	Jiri Benc <jbenc@suse.cz>
 * Copyright 2007, Michael Wu <flamingice@sourmilk.net>
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 */

/* TODO:
 * order BSS list by RSSI(?) ("quality of AP")
 * scan result table filtering (by capability (privacy, IBSS/BSS, WPA/RSN IE,
 *    SSID)
 */
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#include <linux/delay.h>
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#include <linux/if_ether.h>
#include <linux/skbuff.h>
#include <linux/netdevice.h>
#include <linux/if_arp.h>
#include <linux/wireless.h>
#include <linux/random.h>
#include <linux/etherdevice.h>
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#include <linux/rtnetlink.h>
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#include <net/iw_handler.h>
#include <net/mac80211.h>
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#include "ieee80211_i.h"
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#include "rate.h"
#include "led.h"
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#include "mesh.h"
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#define IEEE80211_ASSOC_SCANS_MAX_TRIES 2
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#define IEEE80211_AUTH_TIMEOUT (HZ / 5)
#define IEEE80211_AUTH_MAX_TRIES 3
#define IEEE80211_ASSOC_TIMEOUT (HZ / 5)
#define IEEE80211_ASSOC_MAX_TRIES 3
#define IEEE80211_MONITORING_INTERVAL (2 * HZ)
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#define IEEE80211_MESH_HOUSEKEEPING_INTERVAL (60 * HZ)
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#define IEEE80211_PROBE_INTERVAL (60 * HZ)
#define IEEE80211_RETRY_AUTH_INTERVAL (1 * HZ)
#define IEEE80211_SCAN_INTERVAL (2 * HZ)
#define IEEE80211_SCAN_INTERVAL_SLOW (15 * HZ)
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#define IEEE80211_IBSS_JOIN_TIMEOUT (7 * HZ)
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#define IEEE80211_IBSS_MERGE_INTERVAL (30 * HZ)
#define IEEE80211_IBSS_INACTIVITY_LIMIT (60 * HZ)
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#define IEEE80211_MESH_PEER_INACTIVITY_LIMIT (1800 * HZ)
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#define IEEE80211_IBSS_MAX_STA_ENTRIES 128


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/* mgmt header + 1 byte category code */
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#define IEEE80211_MIN_ACTION_SIZE (24 + 1)

#define IEEE80211_ADDBA_PARAM_POLICY_MASK 0x0002
#define IEEE80211_ADDBA_PARAM_TID_MASK 0x003C
#define IEEE80211_ADDBA_PARAM_BUF_SIZE_MASK 0xFFA0
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#define IEEE80211_DELBA_PARAM_TID_MASK 0xF000
#define IEEE80211_DELBA_PARAM_INITIATOR_MASK 0x0800
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/* next values represent the buffer size for A-MPDU frame.
 * According to IEEE802.11n spec size varies from 8K to 64K (in powers of 2) */
#define IEEE80211_MIN_AMPDU_BUF 0x8
#define IEEE80211_MAX_AMPDU_BUF 0x40

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/* BSS handling */
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static struct ieee80211_sta_bss *
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ieee80211_rx_bss_get(struct ieee80211_local *local, u8 *bssid, int freq,
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		     u8 *ssid, u8 ssid_len)
{
	struct ieee80211_sta_bss *bss;

	spin_lock_bh(&local->sta_bss_lock);
	bss = local->sta_bss_hash[STA_HASH(bssid)];
	while (bss) {
		if (!bss_mesh_cfg(bss) &&
		    !memcmp(bss->bssid, bssid, ETH_ALEN) &&
		    bss->freq == freq &&
		    bss->ssid_len == ssid_len &&
		    (ssid_len == 0 || !memcmp(bss->ssid, ssid, ssid_len))) {
			atomic_inc(&bss->users);
			break;
		}
		bss = bss->hnext;
	}
	spin_unlock_bh(&local->sta_bss_lock);
	return bss;
}

/* Caller must hold local->sta_bss_lock */
static void __ieee80211_rx_bss_hash_add(struct ieee80211_local *local,
					struct ieee80211_sta_bss *bss)
{
	u8 hash_idx;

	if (bss_mesh_cfg(bss))
		hash_idx = mesh_id_hash(bss_mesh_id(bss),
					bss_mesh_id_len(bss));
	else
		hash_idx = STA_HASH(bss->bssid);

	bss->hnext = local->sta_bss_hash[hash_idx];
	local->sta_bss_hash[hash_idx] = bss;
}

/* Caller must hold local->sta_bss_lock */
static void __ieee80211_rx_bss_hash_del(struct ieee80211_local *local,
					struct ieee80211_sta_bss *bss)
{
	struct ieee80211_sta_bss *b, *prev = NULL;
	b = local->sta_bss_hash[STA_HASH(bss->bssid)];
	while (b) {
		if (b == bss) {
			if (!prev)
				local->sta_bss_hash[STA_HASH(bss->bssid)] =
					bss->hnext;
			else
				prev->hnext = bss->hnext;
			break;
		}
		prev = b;
		b = b->hnext;
	}
}

static struct ieee80211_sta_bss *
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ieee80211_rx_bss_add(struct ieee80211_local *local, u8 *bssid, int freq,
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		     u8 *ssid, u8 ssid_len)
{
	struct ieee80211_sta_bss *bss;

	bss = kzalloc(sizeof(*bss), GFP_ATOMIC);
	if (!bss)
		return NULL;
	atomic_inc(&bss->users);
	atomic_inc(&bss->users);
	memcpy(bss->bssid, bssid, ETH_ALEN);
	bss->freq = freq;
	if (ssid && ssid_len <= IEEE80211_MAX_SSID_LEN) {
		memcpy(bss->ssid, ssid, ssid_len);
		bss->ssid_len = ssid_len;
	}

	spin_lock_bh(&local->sta_bss_lock);
	/* TODO: order by RSSI? */
	list_add_tail(&bss->list, &local->sta_bss_list);
	__ieee80211_rx_bss_hash_add(local, bss);
	spin_unlock_bh(&local->sta_bss_lock);
	return bss;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_MESH
static struct ieee80211_sta_bss *
ieee80211_rx_mesh_bss_get(struct ieee80211_local *local, u8 *mesh_id, int mesh_id_len,
			  u8 *mesh_cfg, int freq)
{
	struct ieee80211_sta_bss *bss;

	spin_lock_bh(&local->sta_bss_lock);
	bss = local->sta_bss_hash[mesh_id_hash(mesh_id, mesh_id_len)];
	while (bss) {
		if (bss_mesh_cfg(bss) &&
		    !memcmp(bss_mesh_cfg(bss), mesh_cfg, MESH_CFG_CMP_LEN) &&
		    bss->freq == freq &&
		    mesh_id_len == bss->mesh_id_len &&
		    (mesh_id_len == 0 || !memcmp(bss->mesh_id, mesh_id,
						 mesh_id_len))) {
			atomic_inc(&bss->users);
			break;
		}
		bss = bss->hnext;
	}
	spin_unlock_bh(&local->sta_bss_lock);
	return bss;
}

static struct ieee80211_sta_bss *
ieee80211_rx_mesh_bss_add(struct ieee80211_local *local, u8 *mesh_id, int mesh_id_len,
			  u8 *mesh_cfg, int mesh_config_len, int freq)
{
	struct ieee80211_sta_bss *bss;

	if (mesh_config_len != MESH_CFG_LEN)
		return NULL;

	bss = kzalloc(sizeof(*bss), GFP_ATOMIC);
	if (!bss)
		return NULL;

	bss->mesh_cfg = kmalloc(MESH_CFG_CMP_LEN, GFP_ATOMIC);
	if (!bss->mesh_cfg) {
		kfree(bss);
		return NULL;
	}

	if (mesh_id_len && mesh_id_len <= IEEE80211_MAX_MESH_ID_LEN) {
		bss->mesh_id = kmalloc(mesh_id_len, GFP_ATOMIC);
		if (!bss->mesh_id) {
			kfree(bss->mesh_cfg);
			kfree(bss);
			return NULL;
		}
		memcpy(bss->mesh_id, mesh_id, mesh_id_len);
	}

	atomic_inc(&bss->users);
	atomic_inc(&bss->users);
	memcpy(bss->mesh_cfg, mesh_cfg, MESH_CFG_CMP_LEN);
	bss->mesh_id_len = mesh_id_len;
	bss->freq = freq;
	spin_lock_bh(&local->sta_bss_lock);
	/* TODO: order by RSSI? */
	list_add_tail(&bss->list, &local->sta_bss_list);
	__ieee80211_rx_bss_hash_add(local, bss);
	spin_unlock_bh(&local->sta_bss_lock);
	return bss;
}
#endif

static void ieee80211_rx_bss_free(struct ieee80211_sta_bss *bss)
{
	kfree(bss->ies);
	kfree(bss_mesh_id(bss));
	kfree(bss_mesh_cfg(bss));
	kfree(bss);
}

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void ieee80211_rx_bss_put(struct ieee80211_local *local,
			  struct ieee80211_sta_bss *bss)
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{
	local_bh_disable();
	if (!atomic_dec_and_lock(&bss->users, &local->sta_bss_lock)) {
		local_bh_enable();
		return;
	}

	__ieee80211_rx_bss_hash_del(local, bss);
	list_del(&bss->list);
	spin_unlock_bh(&local->sta_bss_lock);
	ieee80211_rx_bss_free(bss);
}
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void ieee80211_rx_bss_list_init(struct ieee80211_local *local)
{
	spin_lock_init(&local->sta_bss_lock);
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&local->sta_bss_list);
}

void ieee80211_rx_bss_list_deinit(struct ieee80211_local *local)
{
	struct ieee80211_sta_bss *bss, *tmp;
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	list_for_each_entry_safe(bss, tmp, &local->sta_bss_list, list)
		ieee80211_rx_bss_put(local, bss);
}

static u8 *ieee80211_bss_get_ie(struct ieee80211_sta_bss *bss, u8 ie)
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{
	u8 *end, *pos;

	pos = bss->ies;
	if (pos == NULL)
		return NULL;
	end = pos + bss->ies_len;

	while (pos + 1 < end) {
		if (pos + 2 + pos[1] > end)
			break;
		if (pos[0] == ie)
			return pos;
		pos += 2 + pos[1];
	}

	return NULL;
}

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/* utils */
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static int ecw2cw(int ecw)
{
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	return (1 << ecw) - 1;
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}

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/* frame sending functions */
void ieee80211_sta_tx(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata, struct sk_buff *skb,
		      int encrypt)
{
	skb->dev = sdata->local->mdev;
	skb_set_mac_header(skb, 0);
	skb_set_network_header(skb, 0);
	skb_set_transport_header(skb, 0);
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	skb->iif = sdata->dev->ifindex;
	skb->do_not_encrypt = !encrypt;

	dev_queue_xmit(skb);
}

static void ieee80211_send_auth(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata,
				struct ieee80211_if_sta *ifsta,
				int transaction, u8 *extra, size_t extra_len,
				int encrypt)
{
	struct ieee80211_local *local = sdata->local;
	struct sk_buff *skb;
	struct ieee80211_mgmt *mgmt;

	skb = dev_alloc_skb(local->hw.extra_tx_headroom +
			    sizeof(*mgmt) + 6 + extra_len);
	if (!skb) {
		printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: failed to allocate buffer for auth "
		       "frame\n", sdata->dev->name);
		return;
	}
	skb_reserve(skb, local->hw.extra_tx_headroom);

	mgmt = (struct ieee80211_mgmt *) skb_put(skb, 24 + 6);
	memset(mgmt, 0, 24 + 6);
	mgmt->frame_control = cpu_to_le16(IEEE80211_FTYPE_MGMT |
					  IEEE80211_STYPE_AUTH);
	if (encrypt)
		mgmt->frame_control |= cpu_to_le16(IEEE80211_FCTL_PROTECTED);
	memcpy(mgmt->da, ifsta->bssid, ETH_ALEN);
	memcpy(mgmt->sa, sdata->dev->dev_addr, ETH_ALEN);
	memcpy(mgmt->bssid, ifsta->bssid, ETH_ALEN);
	mgmt->u.auth.auth_alg = cpu_to_le16(ifsta->auth_alg);
	mgmt->u.auth.auth_transaction = cpu_to_le16(transaction);
	ifsta->auth_transaction = transaction + 1;
	mgmt->u.auth.status_code = cpu_to_le16(0);
	if (extra)
		memcpy(skb_put(skb, extra_len), extra, extra_len);

	ieee80211_sta_tx(sdata, skb, encrypt);
}

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void ieee80211_send_probe_req(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata, u8 *dst,
			      u8 *ssid, size_t ssid_len)
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{
	struct ieee80211_local *local = sdata->local;
	struct ieee80211_supported_band *sband;
	struct sk_buff *skb;
	struct ieee80211_mgmt *mgmt;
	u8 *pos, *supp_rates, *esupp_rates = NULL;
	int i;

	skb = dev_alloc_skb(local->hw.extra_tx_headroom + sizeof(*mgmt) + 200);
	if (!skb) {
		printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: failed to allocate buffer for probe "
		       "request\n", sdata->dev->name);
		return;
	}
	skb_reserve(skb, local->hw.extra_tx_headroom);

	mgmt = (struct ieee80211_mgmt *) skb_put(skb, 24);
	memset(mgmt, 0, 24);
	mgmt->frame_control = cpu_to_le16(IEEE80211_FTYPE_MGMT |
					  IEEE80211_STYPE_PROBE_REQ);
	memcpy(mgmt->sa, sdata->dev->dev_addr, ETH_ALEN);
	if (dst) {
		memcpy(mgmt->da, dst, ETH_ALEN);
		memcpy(mgmt->bssid, dst, ETH_ALEN);
	} else {
		memset(mgmt->da, 0xff, ETH_ALEN);
		memset(mgmt->bssid, 0xff, ETH_ALEN);
	}
	pos = skb_put(skb, 2 + ssid_len);
	*pos++ = WLAN_EID_SSID;
	*pos++ = ssid_len;
	memcpy(pos, ssid, ssid_len);

	supp_rates = skb_put(skb, 2);
	supp_rates[0] = WLAN_EID_SUPP_RATES;
	supp_rates[1] = 0;
	sband = local->hw.wiphy->bands[local->hw.conf.channel->band];

	for (i = 0; i < sband->n_bitrates; i++) {
		struct ieee80211_rate *rate = &sband->bitrates[i];
		if (esupp_rates) {
			pos = skb_put(skb, 1);
			esupp_rates[1]++;
		} else if (supp_rates[1] == 8) {
			esupp_rates = skb_put(skb, 3);
			esupp_rates[0] = WLAN_EID_EXT_SUPP_RATES;
			esupp_rates[1] = 1;
			pos = &esupp_rates[2];
		} else {
			pos = skb_put(skb, 1);
			supp_rates[1]++;
		}
		*pos = rate->bitrate / 5;
	}

	ieee80211_sta_tx(sdata, skb, 0);
}

/* MLME */
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static void ieee80211_sta_def_wmm_params(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata,
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					 struct ieee80211_sta_bss *bss,
					 int ibss)
{
	struct ieee80211_local *local = sdata->local;
	int i, have_higher_than_11mbit = 0;


	/* cf. IEEE 802.11 9.2.12 */
	for (i = 0; i < bss->supp_rates_len; i++)
		if ((bss->supp_rates[i] & 0x7f) * 5 > 110)
			have_higher_than_11mbit = 1;

	if (local->hw.conf.channel->band == IEEE80211_BAND_2GHZ &&
	    have_higher_than_11mbit)
		sdata->flags |= IEEE80211_SDATA_OPERATING_GMODE;
	else
		sdata->flags &= ~IEEE80211_SDATA_OPERATING_GMODE;


	if (local->ops->conf_tx) {
		struct ieee80211_tx_queue_params qparam;

		memset(&qparam, 0, sizeof(qparam));

		qparam.aifs = 2;

		if (local->hw.conf.channel->band == IEEE80211_BAND_2GHZ &&
		    !(sdata->flags & IEEE80211_SDATA_OPERATING_GMODE))
			qparam.cw_min = 31;
		else
			qparam.cw_min = 15;

		qparam.cw_max = 1023;
		qparam.txop = 0;

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		for (i = 0; i < local_to_hw(local)->queues; i++)
			local->ops->conf_tx(local_to_hw(local), i, &qparam);
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	}
}

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static void ieee80211_sta_wmm_params(struct ieee80211_local *local,
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				     struct ieee80211_if_sta *ifsta,
				     u8 *wmm_param, size_t wmm_param_len)
{
	struct ieee80211_tx_queue_params params;
	size_t left;
	int count;
	u8 *pos;

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	if (!(ifsta->flags & IEEE80211_STA_WMM_ENABLED))
		return;

	if (!wmm_param)
		return;

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	if (wmm_param_len < 8 || wmm_param[5] /* version */ != 1)
		return;
	count = wmm_param[6] & 0x0f;
	if (count == ifsta->wmm_last_param_set)
		return;
	ifsta->wmm_last_param_set = count;

	pos = wmm_param + 8;
	left = wmm_param_len - 8;

	memset(&params, 0, sizeof(params));

	if (!local->ops->conf_tx)
		return;

	local->wmm_acm = 0;
	for (; left >= 4; left -= 4, pos += 4) {
		int aci = (pos[0] >> 5) & 0x03;
		int acm = (pos[0] >> 4) & 0x01;
		int queue;

		switch (aci) {
		case 1:
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			queue = 3;
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			if (acm)
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				local->wmm_acm |= BIT(0) | BIT(3);
			break;
		case 2:
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			queue = 1;
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			if (acm)
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				local->wmm_acm |= BIT(4) | BIT(5);
			break;
		case 3:
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			queue = 0;
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			if (acm)
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				local->wmm_acm |= BIT(6) | BIT(7);
			break;
		case 0:
		default:
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			queue = 2;
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			if (acm)
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				local->wmm_acm |= BIT(1) | BIT(2);
			break;
		}

		params.aifs = pos[0] & 0x0f;
		params.cw_max = ecw2cw((pos[1] & 0xf0) >> 4);
		params.cw_min = ecw2cw(pos[1] & 0x0f);
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		params.txop = get_unaligned_le16(pos + 2);
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#ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_VERBOSE_DEBUG
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		printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: WMM queue=%d aci=%d acm=%d aifs=%d "
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		       "cWmin=%d cWmax=%d txop=%d\n",
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		       local->mdev->name, queue, aci, acm, params.aifs, params.cw_min,
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		       params.cw_max, params.txop);
#endif
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		/* TODO: handle ACM (block TX, fallback to next lowest allowed
		 * AC for now) */
		if (local->ops->conf_tx(local_to_hw(local), queue, &params)) {
			printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: failed to set TX queue "
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			       "parameters for queue %d\n", local->mdev->name, queue);
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		}
	}
}

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static u32 ieee80211_handle_protect_preamb(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata,
					   bool use_protection,
					   bool use_short_preamble)
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{
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	struct ieee80211_bss_conf *bss_conf = &sdata->bss_conf;
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#ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_VERBOSE_DEBUG
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	struct ieee80211_if_sta *ifsta = &sdata->u.sta;
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	DECLARE_MAC_BUF(mac);
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#endif
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	u32 changed = 0;
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	if (use_protection != bss_conf->use_cts_prot) {
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#ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_VERBOSE_DEBUG
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		if (net_ratelimit()) {
			printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: CTS protection %s (BSSID="
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			       "%s)\n",
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			       sdata->dev->name,
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			       use_protection ? "enabled" : "disabled",
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			       print_mac(mac, ifsta->bssid));
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		}
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#endif
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		bss_conf->use_cts_prot = use_protection;
		changed |= BSS_CHANGED_ERP_CTS_PROT;
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	}
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	if (use_short_preamble != bss_conf->use_short_preamble) {
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#ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_VERBOSE_DEBUG
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		if (net_ratelimit()) {
			printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: switched to %s barker preamble"
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			       " (BSSID=%s)\n",
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			       sdata->dev->name,
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			       use_short_preamble ? "short" : "long",
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			       print_mac(mac, ifsta->bssid));
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		}
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#endif
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		bss_conf->use_short_preamble = use_short_preamble;
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		changed |= BSS_CHANGED_ERP_PREAMBLE;
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	}
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	return changed;
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}

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static u32 ieee80211_handle_erp_ie(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata,
				   u8 erp_value)
{
	bool use_protection = (erp_value & WLAN_ERP_USE_PROTECTION) != 0;
	bool use_short_preamble = (erp_value & WLAN_ERP_BARKER_PREAMBLE) == 0;

	return ieee80211_handle_protect_preamb(sdata,
			use_protection, use_short_preamble);
}

static u32 ieee80211_handle_bss_capability(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata,
					   struct ieee80211_sta_bss *bss)
{
	u32 changed = 0;

	if (bss->has_erp_value)
		changed |= ieee80211_handle_erp_ie(sdata, bss->erp_value);
	else {
		u16 capab = bss->capability;
		changed |= ieee80211_handle_protect_preamb(sdata, false,
				(capab & WLAN_CAPABILITY_SHORT_PREAMBLE) != 0);
	}

	return changed;
}

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int ieee80211_ht_cap_ie_to_ht_info(struct ieee80211_ht_cap *ht_cap_ie,
				   struct ieee80211_ht_info *ht_info)
{

	if (ht_info == NULL)
		return -EINVAL;

	memset(ht_info, 0, sizeof(*ht_info));

	if (ht_cap_ie) {
		u8 ampdu_info = ht_cap_ie->ampdu_params_info;

		ht_info->ht_supported = 1;
		ht_info->cap = le16_to_cpu(ht_cap_ie->cap_info);
		ht_info->ampdu_factor =
			ampdu_info & IEEE80211_HT_CAP_AMPDU_FACTOR;
		ht_info->ampdu_density =
			(ampdu_info & IEEE80211_HT_CAP_AMPDU_DENSITY) >> 2;
		memcpy(ht_info->supp_mcs_set, ht_cap_ie->supp_mcs_set, 16);
	} else
		ht_info->ht_supported = 0;

	return 0;
}

int ieee80211_ht_addt_info_ie_to_ht_bss_info(
			struct ieee80211_ht_addt_info *ht_add_info_ie,
			struct ieee80211_ht_bss_info *bss_info)
{
	if (bss_info == NULL)
		return -EINVAL;

	memset(bss_info, 0, sizeof(*bss_info));

	if (ht_add_info_ie) {
		u16 op_mode;
		op_mode = le16_to_cpu(ht_add_info_ie->operation_mode);

		bss_info->primary_channel = ht_add_info_ie->control_chan;
		bss_info->bss_cap = ht_add_info_ie->ht_param;
		bss_info->bss_op_mode = (u8)(op_mode & 0xff);
	}

	return 0;
}
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static void ieee80211_sta_send_apinfo(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata,
					struct ieee80211_if_sta *ifsta)
{
	union iwreq_data wrqu;
	memset(&wrqu, 0, sizeof(wrqu));
	if (ifsta->flags & IEEE80211_STA_ASSOCIATED)
		memcpy(wrqu.ap_addr.sa_data, sdata->u.sta.bssid, ETH_ALEN);
	wrqu.ap_addr.sa_family = ARPHRD_ETHER;
	wireless_send_event(sdata->dev, SIOCGIWAP, &wrqu, NULL);
}

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static void ieee80211_sta_send_associnfo(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata,
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					 struct ieee80211_if_sta *ifsta)
{
	union iwreq_data wrqu;

	if (ifsta->assocreq_ies) {
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		memset(&wrqu, 0, sizeof(wrqu));
		wrqu.data.length = ifsta->assocreq_ies_len;
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		wireless_send_event(sdata->dev, IWEVASSOCREQIE, &wrqu,
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				    ifsta->assocreq_ies);
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	}
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	if (ifsta->assocresp_ies) {
		memset(&wrqu, 0, sizeof(wrqu));
		wrqu.data.length = ifsta->assocresp_ies_len;
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		wireless_send_event(sdata->dev, IWEVASSOCRESPIE, &wrqu,
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				    ifsta->assocresp_ies);
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	}
}


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static void ieee80211_set_associated(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata,
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				     struct ieee80211_if_sta *ifsta)
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{
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	struct ieee80211_local *local = sdata->local;
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	struct ieee80211_conf *conf = &local_to_hw(local)->conf;
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	u32 changed = BSS_CHANGED_ASSOC;
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	struct ieee80211_sta_bss *bss;
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	ifsta->flags |= IEEE80211_STA_ASSOCIATED;
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	if (sdata->vif.type != IEEE80211_IF_TYPE_STA)
		return;
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	bss = ieee80211_rx_bss_get(local, ifsta->bssid,
				   conf->channel->center_freq,
				   ifsta->ssid, ifsta->ssid_len);
	if (bss) {
		/* set timing information */
		sdata->bss_conf.beacon_int = bss->beacon_int;
		sdata->bss_conf.timestamp = bss->timestamp;
		sdata->bss_conf.dtim_period = bss->dtim_period;
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		changed |= ieee80211_handle_bss_capability(sdata, bss);
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		ieee80211_rx_bss_put(local, bss);
	}
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	if (conf->flags & IEEE80211_CONF_SUPPORT_HT_MODE) {
		changed |= BSS_CHANGED_HT;
		sdata->bss_conf.assoc_ht = 1;
		sdata->bss_conf.ht_conf = &conf->ht_conf;
		sdata->bss_conf.ht_bss_conf = &conf->ht_bss_conf;
	}
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	ifsta->flags |= IEEE80211_STA_PREV_BSSID_SET;
	memcpy(ifsta->prev_bssid, sdata->u.sta.bssid, ETH_ALEN);
	ieee80211_sta_send_associnfo(sdata, ifsta);
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	ifsta->last_probe = jiffies;
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	ieee80211_led_assoc(local, 1);
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	sdata->bss_conf.assoc = 1;
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	ieee80211_bss_info_change_notify(sdata, changed);
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	netif_tx_start_all_queues(sdata->dev);
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	netif_carrier_on(sdata->dev);
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	ieee80211_sta_send_apinfo(sdata, ifsta);
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}

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static void ieee80211_direct_probe(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata,
				   struct ieee80211_if_sta *ifsta)
{
	DECLARE_MAC_BUF(mac);

	ifsta->direct_probe_tries++;
	if (ifsta->direct_probe_tries > IEEE80211_AUTH_MAX_TRIES) {
		printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: direct probe to AP %s timed out\n",
		       sdata->dev->name, print_mac(mac, ifsta->bssid));
		ifsta->state = IEEE80211_STA_MLME_DISABLED;
		return;
	}

	printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: direct probe to AP %s try %d\n",
			sdata->dev->name, print_mac(mac, ifsta->bssid),
			ifsta->direct_probe_tries);

	ifsta->state = IEEE80211_STA_MLME_DIRECT_PROBE;

	set_bit(IEEE80211_STA_REQ_DIRECT_PROBE, &ifsta->request);

	/* Direct probe is sent to broadcast address as some APs
	 * will not answer to direct packet in unassociated state.
	 */
	ieee80211_send_probe_req(sdata, NULL,
				 ifsta->ssid, ifsta->ssid_len);

	mod_timer(&ifsta->timer, jiffies + IEEE80211_AUTH_TIMEOUT);
}

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static void ieee80211_authenticate(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata,
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				   struct ieee80211_if_sta *ifsta)
{
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	DECLARE_MAC_BUF(mac);

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	ifsta->auth_tries++;
	if (ifsta->auth_tries > IEEE80211_AUTH_MAX_TRIES) {
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		printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: authentication with AP %s"
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		       " timed out\n",
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		       sdata->dev->name, print_mac(mac, ifsta->bssid));
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		ifsta->state = IEEE80211_STA_MLME_DISABLED;
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		return;
	}

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	ifsta->state = IEEE80211_STA_MLME_AUTHENTICATE;
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	printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: authenticate with AP %s\n",
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	       sdata->dev->name, print_mac(mac, ifsta->bssid));
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	ieee80211_send_auth(sdata, ifsta, 1, NULL, 0, 0);
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	mod_timer(&ifsta->timer, jiffies + IEEE80211_AUTH_TIMEOUT);
}

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static int ieee80211_compatible_rates(struct ieee80211_sta_bss *bss,
				      struct ieee80211_supported_band *sband,
				      u64 *rates)
{
	int i, j, count;
	*rates = 0;
	count = 0;
	for (i = 0; i < bss->supp_rates_len; i++) {
		int rate = (bss->supp_rates[i] & 0x7F) * 5;

		for (j = 0; j < sband->n_bitrates; j++)
			if (sband->bitrates[j].bitrate == rate) {
				*rates |= BIT(j);
				count++;
				break;
			}
	}

	return count;
}
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static void ieee80211_send_assoc(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata,
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				 struct ieee80211_if_sta *ifsta)
{
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	struct ieee80211_local *local = sdata->local;
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	struct sk_buff *skb;
	struct ieee80211_mgmt *mgmt;
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	u8 *pos, *ies, *ht_add_ie;
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	int i, len, count, rates_len, supp_rates_len;
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	u16 capab;
	struct ieee80211_sta_bss *bss;
	int wmm = 0;
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	struct ieee80211_supported_band *sband;
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	u64 rates = 0;
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	skb = dev_alloc_skb(local->hw.extra_tx_headroom +
			    sizeof(*mgmt) + 200 + ifsta->extra_ie_len +
			    ifsta->ssid_len);
	if (!skb) {
		printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: failed to allocate buffer for assoc "
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		       "frame\n", sdata->dev->name);
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		return;
	}
	skb_reserve(skb, local->hw.extra_tx_headroom);

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	sband = local->hw.wiphy->bands[local->hw.conf.channel->band];

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	capab = ifsta->capab;
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	if (local->hw.conf.channel->band == IEEE80211_BAND_2GHZ) {
		if (!(local->hw.flags & IEEE80211_HW_2GHZ_SHORT_SLOT_INCAPABLE))
			capab |= WLAN_CAPABILITY_SHORT_SLOT_TIME;
		if (!(local->hw.flags & IEEE80211_HW_2GHZ_SHORT_PREAMBLE_INCAPABLE))
			capab |= WLAN_CAPABILITY_SHORT_PREAMBLE;
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	}
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	bss = ieee80211_rx_bss_get(local, ifsta->bssid,
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				   local->hw.conf.channel->center_freq,
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				   ifsta->ssid, ifsta->ssid_len);
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	if (bss) {
		if (bss->capability & WLAN_CAPABILITY_PRIVACY)
			capab |= WLAN_CAPABILITY_PRIVACY;
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		if (bss->wmm_used)
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			wmm = 1;
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		/* get all rates supported by the device and the AP as
		 * some APs don't like getting a superset of their rates
		 * in the association request (e.g. D-Link DAP 1353 in
		 * b-only mode) */
		rates_len = ieee80211_compatible_rates(bss, sband, &rates);

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		if ((bss->capability & WLAN_CAPABILITY_SPECTRUM_MGMT) &&
		    (local->hw.flags & IEEE80211_HW_SPECTRUM_MGMT))
			capab |= WLAN_CAPABILITY_SPECTRUM_MGMT;

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		ieee80211_rx_bss_put(local, bss);
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	} else {
		rates = ~0;
		rates_len = sband->n_bitrates;
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	}

	mgmt = (struct ieee80211_mgmt *) skb_put(skb, 24);
	memset(mgmt, 0, 24);
	memcpy(mgmt->da, ifsta->bssid, ETH_ALEN);
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	memcpy(mgmt->sa, sdata->dev->dev_addr, ETH_ALEN);
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	memcpy(mgmt->bssid, ifsta->bssid, ETH_ALEN);

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	if (ifsta->flags & IEEE80211_STA_PREV_BSSID_SET) {
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		skb_put(skb, 10);
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		mgmt->frame_control = cpu_to_le16(IEEE80211_FTYPE_MGMT |
						  IEEE80211_STYPE_REASSOC_REQ);
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		mgmt->u.reassoc_req.capab_info = cpu_to_le16(capab);
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		mgmt->u.reassoc_req.listen_interval =
				cpu_to_le16(local->hw.conf.listen_interval);
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		memcpy(mgmt->u.reassoc_req.current_ap, ifsta->prev_bssid,
		       ETH_ALEN);
	} else {
		skb_put(skb, 4);
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		mgmt->frame_control = cpu_to_le16(IEEE80211_FTYPE_MGMT |
						  IEEE80211_STYPE_ASSOC_REQ);
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		mgmt->u.assoc_req.capab_info = cpu_to_le16(capab);
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		mgmt->u.reassoc_req.listen_interval =
				cpu_to_le16(local->hw.conf.listen_interval);
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	}

	/* SSID */
	ies = pos = skb_put(skb, 2 + ifsta->ssid_len);
	*pos++ = WLAN_EID_SSID;
	*pos++ = ifsta->ssid_len;
	memcpy(pos, ifsta->ssid, ifsta->ssid_len);

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	/* add all rates which were marked to be used above */
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	supp_rates_len = rates_len;
	if (supp_rates_len > 8)
		supp_rates_len = 8;

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	len = sband->n_bitrates;
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	pos = skb_put(skb, supp_rates_len + 2);
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	*pos++ = WLAN_EID_SUPP_RATES;
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	*pos++ = supp_rates_len;
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	count = 0;
	for (i = 0; i < sband->n_bitrates; i++) {
		if (BIT(i) & rates) {
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			int rate = sband->bitrates[i].bitrate;
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			*pos++ = (u8) (rate / 5);
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			if (++count == 8)
				break;
		}
	}

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	if (rates_len > count) {
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		pos = skb_put(skb, rates_len - count + 2);
		*pos++ = WLAN_EID_EXT_SUPP_RATES;
		*pos++ = rates_len - count;

		for (i++; i < sband->n_bitrates; i++) {
			if (BIT(i) & rates) {
				int rate = sband->bitrates[i].bitrate;
				*pos++ = (u8) (rate / 5);
			}
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		}
	}

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	if (capab & WLAN_CAPABILITY_SPECTRUM_MGMT) {
		/* 1. power capabilities */
		pos = skb_put(skb, 4);
		*pos++ = WLAN_EID_PWR_CAPABILITY;
		*pos++ = 2;
		*pos++ = 0; /* min tx power */
		*pos++ = local->hw.conf.channel->max_power; /* max tx power */

		/* 2. supported channels */
		/* TODO: get this in reg domain format */
		pos = skb_put(skb, 2 * sband->n_channels + 2);
		*pos++ = WLAN_EID_SUPPORTED_CHANNELS;
		*pos++ = 2 * sband->n_channels;
		for (i = 0; i < sband->n_channels; i++) {
			*pos++ = ieee80211_frequency_to_channel(
					sband->channels[i].center_freq);
			*pos++ = 1; /* one channel in the subband*/
		}
	}

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	if (ifsta->extra_ie) {
		pos = skb_put(skb, ifsta->extra_ie_len);
		memcpy(pos, ifsta->extra_ie, ifsta->extra_ie_len);
	}

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	if (wmm && (ifsta->flags & IEEE80211_STA_WMM_ENABLED)) {
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		pos = skb_put(skb, 9);
		*pos++ = WLAN_EID_VENDOR_SPECIFIC;
		*pos++ = 7; /* len */
		*pos++ = 0x00; /* Microsoft OUI 00:50:F2 */
		*pos++ = 0x50;
		*pos++ = 0xf2;
		*pos++ = 2; /* WME */
		*pos++ = 0; /* WME info */
		*pos++ = 1; /* WME ver */
		*pos++ = 0;
	}
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	/* wmm support is a must to HT */
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	if (wmm && (ifsta->flags & IEEE80211_STA_WMM_ENABLED) &&
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	    sband->ht_info.ht_supported &&
	    (ht_add_ie = ieee80211_bss_get_ie(bss, WLAN_EID_HT_EXTRA_INFO))) {
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		struct ieee80211_ht_addt_info *ht_add_info =
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			(struct ieee80211_ht_addt_info *)ht_add_ie;
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		u16 cap = sband->ht_info.cap;
		__le16 tmp;
		u32 flags = local->hw.conf.channel->flags;

		switch (ht_add_info->ht_param & IEEE80211_HT_IE_CHA_SEC_OFFSET) {
		case IEEE80211_HT_IE_CHA_SEC_ABOVE:
			if (flags & IEEE80211_CHAN_NO_FAT_ABOVE) {
				cap &= ~IEEE80211_HT_CAP_SUP_WIDTH;
				cap &= ~IEEE80211_HT_CAP_SGI_40;
			}
			break;
		case IEEE80211_HT_IE_CHA_SEC_BELOW:
			if (flags & IEEE80211_CHAN_NO_FAT_BELOW) {
				cap &= ~IEEE80211_HT_CAP_SUP_WIDTH;
				cap &= ~IEEE80211_HT_CAP_SGI_40;
			}
			break;
		}

		tmp = cpu_to_le16(cap);
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		pos = skb_put(skb, sizeof(struct ieee80211_ht_cap)+2);
		*pos++ = WLAN_EID_HT_CAPABILITY;
		*pos++ = sizeof(struct ieee80211_ht_cap);
		memset(pos, 0, sizeof(struct ieee80211_ht_cap));
		memcpy(pos, &tmp, sizeof(u16));
		pos += sizeof(u16);
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		/* TODO: needs a define here for << 2 */
		*pos++ = sband->ht_info.ampdu_factor |
			 (sband->ht_info.ampdu_density << 2);
		memcpy(pos, sband->ht_info.supp_mcs_set, 16);
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	}
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	kfree(ifsta->assocreq_ies);
	ifsta->assocreq_ies_len = (skb->data + skb->len) - ies;
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	ifsta->assocreq_ies = kmalloc(ifsta->assocreq_ies_len, GFP_KERNEL);
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	if (ifsta->assocreq_ies)
		memcpy(ifsta->assocreq_ies, ies, ifsta->assocreq_ies_len);

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	ieee80211_sta_tx(sdata, skb, 0);
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}


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static void ieee80211_send_deauth(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata,
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				  struct ieee80211_if_sta *ifsta, u16 reason)
{
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	struct ieee80211_local *local = sdata->local;
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	struct sk_buff *skb;
	struct ieee80211_mgmt *mgmt;

	skb = dev_alloc_skb(local->hw.extra_tx_headroom + sizeof(*mgmt));
	if (!skb) {
		printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: failed to allocate buffer for deauth "
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		       "frame\n", sdata->dev->name);
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		return;
	}
	skb_reserve(skb, local->hw.extra_tx_headroom);

	mgmt = (struct ieee80211_mgmt *) skb_put(skb, 24);
	memset(mgmt, 0, 24);
	memcpy(mgmt->da, ifsta->bssid, ETH_ALEN);
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	memcpy(mgmt->sa, sdata->dev->dev_addr, ETH_ALEN);
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	memcpy(mgmt->bssid, ifsta->bssid, ETH_ALEN);
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	mgmt->frame_control = cpu_to_le16(IEEE80211_FTYPE_MGMT |
					  IEEE80211_STYPE_DEAUTH);
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	skb_put(skb, 2);
	mgmt->u.deauth.reason_code = cpu_to_le16(reason);

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	ieee80211_sta_tx(sdata, skb, 0);
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}

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static int ieee80211_sta_wep_configured(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata)
{
	if (!sdata || !sdata->default_key ||
	    sdata->default_key->conf.alg != ALG_WEP)
		return 0;
	return 1;
}
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static void ieee80211_send_disassoc(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata,
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				    struct ieee80211_if_sta *ifsta, u16 reason)
{
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	struct ieee80211_local *local = sdata->local;
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	struct sk_buff *skb;
	struct ieee80211_mgmt *mgmt;

	skb = dev_alloc_skb(local->hw.extra_tx_headroom + sizeof(*mgmt));
	if (!skb) {
		printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: failed to allocate buffer for disassoc "
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		       "frame\n", sdata->dev->name);
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		return;
	}
	skb_reserve(skb, local->hw.extra_tx_headroom);

	mgmt = (struct ieee80211_mgmt *) skb_put(skb, 24);
	memset(mgmt, 0, 24);
	memcpy(mgmt->da, ifsta->bssid, ETH_ALEN);
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	memcpy(mgmt->sa, sdata->dev->dev_addr, ETH_ALEN);
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	memcpy(mgmt->bssid, ifsta->bssid, ETH_ALEN);
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	mgmt->frame_control = cpu_to_le16(IEEE80211_FTYPE_MGMT |
					  IEEE80211_STYPE_DISASSOC);
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	skb_put(skb, 2);
	mgmt->u.disassoc.reason_code = cpu_to_le16(reason);

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	ieee80211_sta_tx(sdata, skb, 0);
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}

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static void ieee80211_set_disassoc(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata,
				   struct ieee80211_if_sta *ifsta, bool deauth,
				   bool self_disconnected, u16 reason)
{
	struct ieee80211_local *local = sdata->local;
	struct sta_info *sta;
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	u32 changed = BSS_CHANGED_ASSOC;
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	rcu_read_lock();

	sta = sta_info_get(local, ifsta->bssid);
	if (!sta) {
		rcu_read_unlock();
		return;
	}

	if (deauth) {
		ifsta->direct_probe_tries = 0;
		ifsta->auth_tries = 0;
	}
	ifsta->assoc_scan_tries = 0;
	ifsta->assoc_tries = 0;

1087
	netif_tx_stop_all_queues(sdata->dev);
1088 1089 1090 1091 1092 1093 1094 1095 1096 1097 1098
	netif_carrier_off(sdata->dev);

	ieee80211_sta_tear_down_BA_sessions(sdata, sta->addr);

	if (self_disconnected) {
		if (deauth)
			ieee80211_send_deauth(sdata, ifsta, reason);
		else
			ieee80211_send_disassoc(sdata, ifsta, reason);
	}

1099 1100 1101 1102 1103 1104 1105 1106 1107 1108 1109 1110 1111 1112
	ifsta->flags &= ~IEEE80211_STA_ASSOCIATED;
	changed |= ieee80211_reset_erp_info(sdata);

	if (sdata->bss_conf.assoc_ht)
		changed |= BSS_CHANGED_HT;

	sdata->bss_conf.assoc_ht = 0;
	sdata->bss_conf.ht_conf = NULL;
	sdata->bss_conf.ht_bss_conf = NULL;

	ieee80211_led_assoc(local, 0);
	sdata->bss_conf.assoc = 0;

	ieee80211_sta_send_apinfo(sdata, ifsta);
1113 1114 1115 1116 1117 1118 1119 1120 1121 1122

	if (self_disconnected)
		ifsta->state = IEEE80211_STA_MLME_DISABLED;

	sta_info_unlink(&sta);

	rcu_read_unlock();

	sta_info_destroy(sta);
}
1123

1124
static int ieee80211_privacy_mismatch(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata,
1125 1126
				      struct ieee80211_if_sta *ifsta)
{
1127
	struct ieee80211_local *local = sdata->local;
1128
	struct ieee80211_sta_bss *bss;
1129 1130 1131
	int bss_privacy;
	int wep_privacy;
	int privacy_invoked;
1132

1133
	if (!ifsta || (ifsta->flags & IEEE80211_STA_MIXED_CELL))
1134 1135
		return 0;

1136
	bss = ieee80211_rx_bss_get(local, ifsta->bssid,
1137
				   local->hw.conf.channel->center_freq,
1138
				   ifsta->ssid, ifsta->ssid_len);
1139 1140 1141
	if (!bss)
		return 0;

1142
	bss_privacy = !!(bss->capability & WLAN_CAPABILITY_PRIVACY);
1143
	wep_privacy = !!ieee80211_sta_wep_configured(sdata);
1144
	privacy_invoked = !!(ifsta->flags & IEEE80211_STA_PRIVACY_INVOKED);
1145

1146
	ieee80211_rx_bss_put(local, bss);
1147

1148 1149 1150 1151
	if ((bss_privacy == wep_privacy) || (bss_privacy == privacy_invoked))
		return 0;

	return 1;
1152 1153
}

1154
static void ieee80211_associate(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata,
1155 1156
				struct ieee80211_if_sta *ifsta)
{
1157 1158
	DECLARE_MAC_BUF(mac);

1159 1160
	ifsta->assoc_tries++;
	if (ifsta->assoc_tries > IEEE80211_ASSOC_MAX_TRIES) {
1161
		printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: association with AP %s"
1162
		       " timed out\n",
1163
		       sdata->dev->name, print_mac(mac, ifsta->bssid));
1164
		ifsta->state = IEEE80211_STA_MLME_DISABLED;
1165 1166 1167
		return;
	}

1168
	ifsta->state = IEEE80211_STA_MLME_ASSOCIATE;
1169
	printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: associate with AP %s\n",
1170 1171
	       sdata->dev->name, print_mac(mac, ifsta->bssid));
	if (ieee80211_privacy_mismatch(sdata, ifsta)) {
1172
		printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: mismatch in privacy configuration and "
1173
		       "mixed-cell disabled - abort association\n", sdata->dev->name);
1174
		ifsta->state = IEEE80211_STA_MLME_DISABLED;
1175 1176 1177
		return;
	}

1178
	ieee80211_send_assoc(sdata, ifsta);
1179 1180 1181 1182 1183

	mod_timer(&ifsta->timer, jiffies + IEEE80211_ASSOC_TIMEOUT);
}


1184
static void ieee80211_associated(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata,
1185 1186
				 struct ieee80211_if_sta *ifsta)
{
1187
	struct ieee80211_local *local = sdata->local;
1188 1189
	struct sta_info *sta;
	int disassoc;
1190
	DECLARE_MAC_BUF(mac);
1191 1192 1193 1194 1195 1196

	/* TODO: start monitoring current AP signal quality and number of
	 * missed beacons. Scan other channels every now and then and search
	 * for better APs. */
	/* TODO: remove expired BSSes */