algapi.c 17.6 KB
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/*
 * Cryptographic API for algorithms (i.e., low-level API).
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2006 Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
 * under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
 * Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option)
 * any later version.
 *
 */

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#include <linux/err.h>
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#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
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#include <linux/list.h>
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#include <linux/module.h>
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#include <linux/rtnetlink.h>
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#include <linux/string.h>

#include "internal.h"

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static void crypto_remove_final(struct list_head *list);

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static LIST_HEAD(crypto_template_list);

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void crypto_larval_error(const char *name, u32 type, u32 mask)
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{
	struct crypto_alg *alg;

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	alg = crypto_alg_lookup(name, type, mask);
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	if (alg) {
		if (crypto_is_larval(alg)) {
			struct crypto_larval *larval = (void *)alg;
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			complete_all(&larval->completion);
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		}
		crypto_mod_put(alg);
	}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(crypto_larval_error);

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static inline int crypto_set_driver_name(struct crypto_alg *alg)
{
	static const char suffix[] = "-generic";
	char *driver_name = alg->cra_driver_name;
	int len;

	if (*driver_name)
		return 0;

	len = strlcpy(driver_name, alg->cra_name, CRYPTO_MAX_ALG_NAME);
	if (len + sizeof(suffix) > CRYPTO_MAX_ALG_NAME)
		return -ENAMETOOLONG;

	memcpy(driver_name + len, suffix, sizeof(suffix));
	return 0;
}

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static int crypto_check_alg(struct crypto_alg *alg)
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{
	if (alg->cra_alignmask & (alg->cra_alignmask + 1))
		return -EINVAL;

	if (alg->cra_blocksize > PAGE_SIZE / 8)
		return -EINVAL;

	if (alg->cra_priority < 0)
		return -EINVAL;

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	return crypto_set_driver_name(alg);
}

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static void crypto_destroy_instance(struct crypto_alg *alg)
{
	struct crypto_instance *inst = (void *)alg;
	struct crypto_template *tmpl = inst->tmpl;

	tmpl->free(inst);
	crypto_tmpl_put(tmpl);
}

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static void crypto_remove_spawn(struct crypto_spawn *spawn,
				struct list_head *list,
				struct list_head *secondary_spawns)
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{
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	struct crypto_instance *inst = spawn->inst;
	struct crypto_template *tmpl = inst->tmpl;
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	list_del_init(&spawn->list);
	spawn->alg = NULL;
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	if (crypto_is_dead(&inst->alg))
		return;
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	inst->alg.cra_flags |= CRYPTO_ALG_DEAD;
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	if (hlist_unhashed(&inst->list))
		return;

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	if (!tmpl || !crypto_tmpl_get(tmpl))
		return;

	crypto_notify(CRYPTO_MSG_ALG_UNREGISTER, &inst->alg);
	list_move(&inst->alg.cra_list, list);
	hlist_del(&inst->list);
	inst->alg.cra_destroy = crypto_destroy_instance;

	list_splice(&inst->alg.cra_users, secondary_spawns);
}

static void crypto_remove_spawns(struct list_head *spawns,
				 struct list_head *list, u32 new_type)
{
	struct crypto_spawn *spawn, *n;
	LIST_HEAD(secondary_spawns);
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	list_for_each_entry_safe(spawn, n, spawns, list) {
		if ((spawn->alg->cra_flags ^ new_type) & spawn->mask)
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			continue;

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		crypto_remove_spawn(spawn, list, &secondary_spawns);
	}
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	while (!list_empty(&secondary_spawns)) {
		list_for_each_entry_safe(spawn, n, &secondary_spawns, list)
			crypto_remove_spawn(spawn, list, &secondary_spawns);
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	}
}

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static struct crypto_larval *__crypto_register_alg(struct crypto_alg *alg)
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{
	struct crypto_alg *q;
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	struct crypto_larval *larval;
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	int ret = -EAGAIN;

	if (crypto_is_dead(alg))
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		goto err;
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	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&alg->cra_users);

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	/* No cheating! */
	alg->cra_flags &= ~CRYPTO_ALG_TESTED;

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	ret = -EEXIST;
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	atomic_set(&alg->cra_refcnt, 1);
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	list_for_each_entry(q, &crypto_alg_list, cra_list) {
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		if (q == alg)
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			goto err;

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		if (crypto_is_moribund(q))
			continue;

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		if (crypto_is_larval(q)) {
			if (!strcmp(alg->cra_driver_name, q->cra_driver_name))
				goto err;
			continue;
		}

		if (!strcmp(q->cra_driver_name, alg->cra_name) ||
		    !strcmp(q->cra_name, alg->cra_driver_name))
			goto err;
	}

	larval = crypto_larval_alloc(alg->cra_name,
				     alg->cra_flags | CRYPTO_ALG_TESTED, 0);
	if (IS_ERR(larval))
		goto out;

	ret = -ENOENT;
	larval->adult = crypto_mod_get(alg);
	if (!larval->adult)
		goto free_larval;

	atomic_set(&larval->alg.cra_refcnt, 1);
	memcpy(larval->alg.cra_driver_name, alg->cra_driver_name,
	       CRYPTO_MAX_ALG_NAME);
	larval->alg.cra_priority = alg->cra_priority;

	list_add(&alg->cra_list, &crypto_alg_list);
	list_add(&larval->alg.cra_list, &crypto_alg_list);

out:	
	return larval;

free_larval:
	kfree(larval);
err:
	larval = ERR_PTR(ret);
	goto out;
}

void crypto_alg_tested(const char *name, int err)
{
	struct crypto_larval *test;
	struct crypto_alg *alg;
	struct crypto_alg *q;
	LIST_HEAD(list);

	down_write(&crypto_alg_sem);
	list_for_each_entry(q, &crypto_alg_list, cra_list) {
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		if (crypto_is_moribund(q) || !crypto_is_larval(q))
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			continue;

		test = (struct crypto_larval *)q;

		if (!strcmp(q->cra_driver_name, name))
			goto found;
	}

	printk(KERN_ERR "alg: Unexpected test result for %s: %d\n", name, err);
	goto unlock;

found:
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	q->cra_flags |= CRYPTO_ALG_DEAD;
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	alg = test->adult;
	if (err || list_empty(&alg->cra_list))
		goto complete;

	alg->cra_flags |= CRYPTO_ALG_TESTED;

	list_for_each_entry(q, &crypto_alg_list, cra_list) {
		if (q == alg)
			continue;
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		if (crypto_is_moribund(q))
			continue;

		if (crypto_is_larval(q)) {
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			struct crypto_larval *larval = (void *)q;

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			/*
			 * Check to see if either our generic name or
			 * specific name can satisfy the name requested
			 * by the larval entry q.
			 */
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			if (strcmp(alg->cra_name, q->cra_name) &&
			    strcmp(alg->cra_driver_name, q->cra_name))
				continue;

			if (larval->adult)
				continue;
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			if ((q->cra_flags ^ alg->cra_flags) & larval->mask)
				continue;
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			if (!crypto_mod_get(alg))
				continue;
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			larval->adult = alg;
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			complete_all(&larval->completion);
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			continue;
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		}
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		if (strcmp(alg->cra_name, q->cra_name))
			continue;

		if (strcmp(alg->cra_driver_name, q->cra_driver_name) &&
		    q->cra_priority > alg->cra_priority)
			continue;

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		crypto_remove_spawns(&q->cra_users, &list, alg->cra_flags);
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	}
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complete:
	complete_all(&test->completion);
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unlock:
	up_write(&crypto_alg_sem);

	crypto_remove_final(&list);
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}
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EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(crypto_alg_tested);
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static void crypto_remove_final(struct list_head *list)
{
	struct crypto_alg *alg;
	struct crypto_alg *n;

	list_for_each_entry_safe(alg, n, list, cra_list) {
		list_del_init(&alg->cra_list);
		crypto_alg_put(alg);
	}
}

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static void crypto_wait_for_test(struct crypto_larval *larval)
{
	int err;

	err = crypto_probing_notify(CRYPTO_MSG_ALG_REGISTER, larval->adult);
	if (err != NOTIFY_STOP) {
		if (WARN_ON(err != NOTIFY_DONE))
			goto out;
		crypto_alg_tested(larval->alg.cra_driver_name, 0);
	}

	err = wait_for_completion_interruptible(&larval->completion);
	WARN_ON(err);

out:
	crypto_larval_kill(&larval->alg);
}

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int crypto_register_alg(struct crypto_alg *alg)
{
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	struct crypto_larval *larval;
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	int err;

	err = crypto_check_alg(alg);
	if (err)
		return err;

	down_write(&crypto_alg_sem);
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	larval = __crypto_register_alg(alg);
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	up_write(&crypto_alg_sem);

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	if (IS_ERR(larval))
		return PTR_ERR(larval);

	crypto_wait_for_test(larval);
	return 0;
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}
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EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(crypto_register_alg);

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static int crypto_remove_alg(struct crypto_alg *alg, struct list_head *list)
{
	if (unlikely(list_empty(&alg->cra_list)))
		return -ENOENT;

	alg->cra_flags |= CRYPTO_ALG_DEAD;

	crypto_notify(CRYPTO_MSG_ALG_UNREGISTER, alg);
	list_del_init(&alg->cra_list);
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	crypto_remove_spawns(&alg->cra_users, list, alg->cra_flags);
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	return 0;
}

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int crypto_unregister_alg(struct crypto_alg *alg)
{
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	int ret;
	LIST_HEAD(list);
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	down_write(&crypto_alg_sem);
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	ret = crypto_remove_alg(alg, &list);
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	up_write(&crypto_alg_sem);

	if (ret)
		return ret;

	BUG_ON(atomic_read(&alg->cra_refcnt) != 1);
	if (alg->cra_destroy)
		alg->cra_destroy(alg);

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	crypto_remove_final(&list);
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	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(crypto_unregister_alg);

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int crypto_register_template(struct crypto_template *tmpl)
{
	struct crypto_template *q;
	int err = -EEXIST;

	down_write(&crypto_alg_sem);

	list_for_each_entry(q, &crypto_template_list, list) {
		if (q == tmpl)
			goto out;
	}

	list_add(&tmpl->list, &crypto_template_list);
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	crypto_notify(CRYPTO_MSG_TMPL_REGISTER, tmpl);
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	err = 0;
out:
	up_write(&crypto_alg_sem);
	return err;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(crypto_register_template);

void crypto_unregister_template(struct crypto_template *tmpl)
{
	struct crypto_instance *inst;
	struct hlist_node *p, *n;
	struct hlist_head *list;
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	LIST_HEAD(users);
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	down_write(&crypto_alg_sem);

	BUG_ON(list_empty(&tmpl->list));
	list_del_init(&tmpl->list);

	list = &tmpl->instances;
	hlist_for_each_entry(inst, p, list, list) {
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		int err = crypto_remove_alg(&inst->alg, &users);
		BUG_ON(err);
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	}

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	crypto_notify(CRYPTO_MSG_TMPL_UNREGISTER, tmpl);

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	up_write(&crypto_alg_sem);

	hlist_for_each_entry_safe(inst, p, n, list, list) {
		BUG_ON(atomic_read(&inst->alg.cra_refcnt) != 1);
		tmpl->free(inst);
	}
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	crypto_remove_final(&users);
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}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(crypto_unregister_template);

static struct crypto_template *__crypto_lookup_template(const char *name)
{
	struct crypto_template *q, *tmpl = NULL;

	down_read(&crypto_alg_sem);
	list_for_each_entry(q, &crypto_template_list, list) {
		if (strcmp(q->name, name))
			continue;
		if (unlikely(!crypto_tmpl_get(q)))
			continue;

		tmpl = q;
		break;
	}
	up_read(&crypto_alg_sem);

	return tmpl;
}

struct crypto_template *crypto_lookup_template(const char *name)
{
	return try_then_request_module(__crypto_lookup_template(name), name);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(crypto_lookup_template);

int crypto_register_instance(struct crypto_template *tmpl,
			     struct crypto_instance *inst)
{
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	struct crypto_larval *larval;
	int err;
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	err = crypto_check_alg(&inst->alg);
	if (err)
		goto err;

	inst->alg.cra_module = tmpl->module;

	down_write(&crypto_alg_sem);

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	larval = __crypto_register_alg(&inst->alg);
	if (IS_ERR(larval))
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		goto unlock;

	hlist_add_head(&inst->list, &tmpl->instances);
	inst->tmpl = tmpl;

unlock:
	up_write(&crypto_alg_sem);

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	err = PTR_ERR(larval);
	if (IS_ERR(larval))
		goto err;

	crypto_wait_for_test(larval);
	err = 0;
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err:
	return err;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(crypto_register_instance);

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int crypto_init_spawn(struct crypto_spawn *spawn, struct crypto_alg *alg,
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		      struct crypto_instance *inst, u32 mask)
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{
	int err = -EAGAIN;

	spawn->inst = inst;
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	spawn->mask = mask;
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	down_write(&crypto_alg_sem);
	if (!crypto_is_moribund(alg)) {
		list_add(&spawn->list, &alg->cra_users);
		spawn->alg = alg;
		err = 0;
	}
	up_write(&crypto_alg_sem);

	return err;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(crypto_init_spawn);

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int crypto_init_spawn2(struct crypto_spawn *spawn, struct crypto_alg *alg,
		       struct crypto_instance *inst,
		       const struct crypto_type *frontend)
{
	int err = -EINVAL;

	if (frontend && (alg->cra_flags ^ frontend->type) & frontend->maskset)
		goto out;

	spawn->frontend = frontend;
	err = crypto_init_spawn(spawn, alg, inst, frontend->maskset);

out:
	return err;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(crypto_init_spawn2);

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void crypto_drop_spawn(struct crypto_spawn *spawn)
{
	down_write(&crypto_alg_sem);
	list_del(&spawn->list);
	up_write(&crypto_alg_sem);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(crypto_drop_spawn);

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static struct crypto_alg *crypto_spawn_alg(struct crypto_spawn *spawn)
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{
	struct crypto_alg *alg;
	struct crypto_alg *alg2;

	down_read(&crypto_alg_sem);
	alg = spawn->alg;
	alg2 = alg;
	if (alg2)
		alg2 = crypto_mod_get(alg2);
	up_read(&crypto_alg_sem);

	if (!alg2) {
		if (alg)
			crypto_shoot_alg(alg);
		return ERR_PTR(-EAGAIN);
	}

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	return alg;
}

struct crypto_tfm *crypto_spawn_tfm(struct crypto_spawn *spawn, u32 type,
				    u32 mask)
{
	struct crypto_alg *alg;
	struct crypto_tfm *tfm;

	alg = crypto_spawn_alg(spawn);
	if (IS_ERR(alg))
		return ERR_CAST(alg);

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	tfm = ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
	if (unlikely((alg->cra_flags ^ type) & mask))
		goto out_put_alg;

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	tfm = __crypto_alloc_tfm(alg, type, mask);
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	if (IS_ERR(tfm))
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		goto out_put_alg;

	return tfm;
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out_put_alg:
	crypto_mod_put(alg);
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	return tfm;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(crypto_spawn_tfm);

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void *crypto_spawn_tfm2(struct crypto_spawn *spawn)
{
	struct crypto_alg *alg;
	struct crypto_tfm *tfm;

	alg = crypto_spawn_alg(spawn);
	if (IS_ERR(alg))
		return ERR_CAST(alg);

	tfm = crypto_create_tfm(alg, spawn->frontend);
	if (IS_ERR(tfm))
		goto out_put_alg;

	return tfm;

out_put_alg:
	crypto_mod_put(alg);
	return tfm;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(crypto_spawn_tfm2);

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int crypto_register_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb)
{
	return blocking_notifier_chain_register(&crypto_chain, nb);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(crypto_register_notifier);

int crypto_unregister_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb)
{
	return blocking_notifier_chain_unregister(&crypto_chain, nb);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(crypto_unregister_notifier);

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struct crypto_attr_type *crypto_get_attr_type(struct rtattr **tb)
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{
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	struct rtattr *rta = tb[0];
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	struct crypto_attr_type *algt;

	if (!rta)
		return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
	if (RTA_PAYLOAD(rta) < sizeof(*algt))
		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
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	if (rta->rta_type != CRYPTOA_TYPE)
		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
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	algt = RTA_DATA(rta);

	return algt;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(crypto_get_attr_type);

int crypto_check_attr_type(struct rtattr **tb, u32 type)
{
	struct crypto_attr_type *algt;

	algt = crypto_get_attr_type(tb);
	if (IS_ERR(algt))
		return PTR_ERR(algt);

	if ((algt->type ^ type) & algt->mask)
		return -EINVAL;

	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(crypto_check_attr_type);

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const char *crypto_attr_alg_name(struct rtattr *rta)
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{
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	struct crypto_attr_alg *alga;

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	if (!rta)
		return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
	if (RTA_PAYLOAD(rta) < sizeof(*alga))
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		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
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	if (rta->rta_type != CRYPTOA_ALG)
		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
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	alga = RTA_DATA(rta);
	alga->name[CRYPTO_MAX_ALG_NAME - 1] = 0;

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	return alga->name;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(crypto_attr_alg_name);

struct crypto_alg *crypto_attr_alg(struct rtattr *rta, u32 type, u32 mask)
{
	const char *name;
	int err;

	name = crypto_attr_alg_name(rta);
	err = PTR_ERR(name);
	if (IS_ERR(name))
		return ERR_PTR(err);

	return crypto_alg_mod_lookup(name, type, mask);
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}
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EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(crypto_attr_alg);

int crypto_attr_u32(struct rtattr *rta, u32 *num)
{
	struct crypto_attr_u32 *nu32;

	if (!rta)
		return -ENOENT;
	if (RTA_PAYLOAD(rta) < sizeof(*nu32))
		return -EINVAL;
	if (rta->rta_type != CRYPTOA_U32)
		return -EINVAL;

	nu32 = RTA_DATA(rta);
	*num = nu32->num;

	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(crypto_attr_u32);
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void *crypto_alloc_instance2(const char *name, struct crypto_alg *alg,
			     unsigned int head)
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{
	struct crypto_instance *inst;
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	char *p;
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	int err;

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	p = kzalloc(head + sizeof(*inst) + sizeof(struct crypto_spawn),
		    GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!p)
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		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);

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	inst = (void *)(p + head);

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	err = -ENAMETOOLONG;
	if (snprintf(inst->alg.cra_name, CRYPTO_MAX_ALG_NAME, "%s(%s)", name,
		     alg->cra_name) >= CRYPTO_MAX_ALG_NAME)
		goto err_free_inst;

	if (snprintf(inst->alg.cra_driver_name, CRYPTO_MAX_ALG_NAME, "%s(%s)",
		     name, alg->cra_driver_name) >= CRYPTO_MAX_ALG_NAME)
		goto err_free_inst;

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	return p;

err_free_inst:
	kfree(p);
	return ERR_PTR(err);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(crypto_alloc_instance2);

struct crypto_instance *crypto_alloc_instance(const char *name,
					      struct crypto_alg *alg)
{
	struct crypto_instance *inst;
	struct crypto_spawn *spawn;
	int err;

	inst = crypto_alloc_instance2(name, alg, 0);
	if (IS_ERR(inst))
		goto out;

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	spawn = crypto_instance_ctx(inst);
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	err = crypto_init_spawn(spawn, alg, inst,
				CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_MASK | CRYPTO_ALG_ASYNC);
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	if (err)
		goto err_free_inst;

	return inst;

err_free_inst:
	kfree(inst);
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	inst = ERR_PTR(err);

out:
	return inst;
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}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(crypto_alloc_instance);

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void crypto_init_queue(struct crypto_queue *queue, unsigned int max_qlen)
{
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&queue->list);
	queue->backlog = &queue->list;
	queue->qlen = 0;
	queue->max_qlen = max_qlen;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(crypto_init_queue);

int crypto_enqueue_request(struct crypto_queue *queue,
			   struct crypto_async_request *request)
{
	int err = -EINPROGRESS;

	if (unlikely(queue->qlen >= queue->max_qlen)) {
		err = -EBUSY;
		if (!(request->flags & CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_BACKLOG))
			goto out;
		if (queue->backlog == &queue->list)
			queue->backlog = &request->list;
	}

	queue->qlen++;
	list_add_tail(&request->list, &queue->list);

out:
	return err;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(crypto_enqueue_request);

struct crypto_async_request *crypto_dequeue_request(struct crypto_queue *queue)
{
	struct list_head *request;

	if (unlikely(!queue->qlen))
		return NULL;

	queue->qlen--;

	if (queue->backlog != &queue->list)
		queue->backlog = queue->backlog->next;

	request = queue->list.next;
	list_del(request);

	return list_entry(request, struct crypto_async_request, list);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(crypto_dequeue_request);

int crypto_tfm_in_queue(struct crypto_queue *queue, struct crypto_tfm *tfm)
{
	struct crypto_async_request *req;

	list_for_each_entry(req, &queue->list, list) {
		if (req->tfm == tfm)
			return 1;
	}

	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(crypto_tfm_in_queue);

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static inline void crypto_inc_byte(u8 *a, unsigned int size)
{
	u8 *b = (a + size);
	u8 c;

	for (; size; size--) {
		c = *--b + 1;
		*b = c;
		if (c)
			break;
	}
}

void crypto_inc(u8 *a, unsigned int size)
{
	__be32 *b = (__be32 *)(a + size);
	u32 c;

	for (; size >= 4; size -= 4) {
		c = be32_to_cpu(*--b) + 1;
		*b = cpu_to_be32(c);
		if (c)
			return;
	}

	crypto_inc_byte(a, size);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(crypto_inc);

static inline void crypto_xor_byte(u8 *a, const u8 *b, unsigned int size)
{
	for (; size; size--)
		*a++ ^= *b++;
}

void crypto_xor(u8 *dst, const u8 *src, unsigned int size)
{
	u32 *a = (u32 *)dst;
	u32 *b = (u32 *)src;

	for (; size >= 4; size -= 4)
		*a++ ^= *b++;

	crypto_xor_byte((u8 *)a, (u8 *)b, size);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(crypto_xor);

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static int __init crypto_algapi_init(void)
{
	crypto_init_proc();
	return 0;
}

static void __exit crypto_algapi_exit(void)
{
	crypto_exit_proc();
}

module_init(crypto_algapi_init);
module_exit(crypto_algapi_exit);

MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Cryptographic algorithms API");