ip-sysctl.txt 51.5 KB
Newer Older
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
1 2 3 4
/proc/sys/net/ipv4/* Variables:

ip_forward - BOOLEAN
	0 - disabled (default)
5
	not 0 - enabled
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22

	Forward Packets between interfaces.

	This variable is special, its change resets all configuration
	parameters to their default state (RFC1122 for hosts, RFC1812
	for routers)

ip_default_ttl - INTEGER
	default 64

ip_no_pmtu_disc - BOOLEAN
	Disable Path MTU Discovery.
	default FALSE

min_pmtu - INTEGER
	default 562 - minimum discovered Path MTU

23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
route/max_size - INTEGER
	Maximum number of routes allowed in the kernel.  Increase
	this when using large numbers of interfaces and/or routes.

neigh/default/gc_thresh3 - INTEGER
	Maximum number of neighbor entries allowed.  Increase this
	when using large numbers of interfaces and when communicating
	with large numbers of directly-connected peers.

Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
32 33 34 35 36 37 38
mtu_expires - INTEGER
	Time, in seconds, that cached PMTU information is kept.

min_adv_mss - INTEGER
	The advertised MSS depends on the first hop route MTU, but will
	never be lower than this setting.

39 40 41 42 43 44
rt_cache_rebuild_count - INTEGER
	The per net-namespace route cache emergency rebuild threshold.
	Any net-namespace having its route cache rebuilt due to
	a hash bucket chain being too long more than this many times
	will have its route caching disabled

Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
45 46 47
IP Fragmentation:

ipfrag_high_thresh - INTEGER
48
	Maximum memory used to reassemble IP fragments. When
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
49 50 51
	ipfrag_high_thresh bytes of memory is allocated for this purpose,
	the fragment handler will toss packets until ipfrag_low_thresh
	is reached.
52

Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
53
ipfrag_low_thresh - INTEGER
54
	See ipfrag_high_thresh
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
55 56

ipfrag_time - INTEGER
57
	Time in seconds to keep an IP fragment in memory.
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
58 59

ipfrag_secret_interval - INTEGER
60
	Regeneration interval (in seconds) of the hash secret (or lifetime
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
61 62 63
	for the hash secret) for IP fragments.
	Default: 600

Herbert Xu's avatar
Herbert Xu committed
64
ipfrag_max_dist - INTEGER
65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76
	ipfrag_max_dist is a non-negative integer value which defines the
	maximum "disorder" which is allowed among fragments which share a
	common IP source address. Note that reordering of packets is
	not unusual, but if a large number of fragments arrive from a source
	IP address while a particular fragment queue remains incomplete, it
	probably indicates that one or more fragments belonging to that queue
	have been lost. When ipfrag_max_dist is positive, an additional check
	is done on fragments before they are added to a reassembly queue - if
	ipfrag_max_dist (or more) fragments have arrived from a particular IP
	address between additions to any IP fragment queue using that source
	address, it's presumed that one or more fragments in the queue are
	lost. The existing fragment queue will be dropped, and a new one
Herbert Xu's avatar
Herbert Xu committed
77 78 79 80
	started. An ipfrag_max_dist value of zero disables this check.

	Using a very small value, e.g. 1 or 2, for ipfrag_max_dist can
	result in unnecessarily dropping fragment queues when normal
81 82 83
	reordering of packets occurs, which could lead to poor application
	performance. Using a very large value, e.g. 50000, increases the
	likelihood of incorrectly reassembling IP fragments that originate
Herbert Xu's avatar
Herbert Xu committed
84 85 86
	from different IP datagrams, which could result in data corruption.
	Default: 64

Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
87 88 89
INET peer storage:

inet_peer_threshold - INTEGER
90
	The approximate size of the storage.  Starting from this threshold
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98
	entries will be thrown aggressively.  This threshold also determines
	entries' time-to-live and time intervals between garbage collection
	passes.  More entries, less time-to-live, less GC interval.

inet_peer_minttl - INTEGER
	Minimum time-to-live of entries.  Should be enough to cover fragment
	time-to-live on the reassembling side.  This minimum time-to-live  is
	guaranteed if the pool size is less than inet_peer_threshold.
99
	Measured in seconds.
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
100 101 102 103 104

inet_peer_maxttl - INTEGER
	Maximum time-to-live of entries.  Unused entries will expire after
	this period of time if there is no memory pressure on the pool (i.e.
	when the number of entries in the pool is very small).
105
	Measured in seconds.
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
106 107 108 109

inet_peer_gc_mintime - INTEGER
	Minimum interval between garbage collection passes.  This interval is
	in effect under high memory pressure on the pool.
110
	Measured in seconds.
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
111 112 113 114

inet_peer_gc_maxtime - INTEGER
	Minimum interval between garbage collection passes.  This interval is
	in effect under low (or absent) memory pressure on the pool.
115
	Measured in seconds.
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
116

117
TCP variables:
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
118

119 120 121 122 123
somaxconn - INTEGER
	Limit of socket listen() backlog, known in userspace as SOMAXCONN.
	Defaults to 128.  See also tcp_max_syn_backlog for additional tuning
	for TCP sockets.

124
tcp_abc - INTEGER
Stephen Hemminger's avatar
Stephen Hemminger committed
125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133
	Controls Appropriate Byte Count (ABC) defined in RFC3465.
	ABC is a way of increasing congestion window (cwnd) more slowly
	in response to partial acknowledgments.
	Possible values are:
		0 increase cwnd once per acknowledgment (no ABC)
		1 increase cwnd once per acknowledgment of full sized segment
		2 allow increase cwnd by two if acknowledgment is
		  of two segments to compensate for delayed acknowledgments.
	Default: 0 (off)
134

135 136 137 138 139 140 141
tcp_abort_on_overflow - BOOLEAN
	If listening service is too slow to accept new connections,
	reset them. Default state is FALSE. It means that if overflow
	occurred due to a burst, connection will recover. Enable this
	option _only_ if you are really sure that listening daemon
	cannot be tuned to accept connections faster. Enabling this
	option can harm clients of your server.
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
142

143 144 145 146
tcp_adv_win_scale - INTEGER
	Count buffering overhead as bytes/2^tcp_adv_win_scale
	(if tcp_adv_win_scale > 0) or bytes-bytes/2^(-tcp_adv_win_scale),
	if it is <= 0.
147
	Possible values are [-31, 31], inclusive.
148
	Default: 2
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
149

150 151 152 153 154
tcp_allowed_congestion_control - STRING
	Show/set the congestion control choices available to non-privileged
	processes. The list is a subset of those listed in
	tcp_available_congestion_control.
	Default is "reno" and the default setting (tcp_congestion_control).
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
155

156 157 158 159
tcp_app_win - INTEGER
	Reserve max(window/2^tcp_app_win, mss) of window for application
	buffer. Value 0 is special, it means that nothing is reserved.
	Default: 31
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
160

161 162 163 164
tcp_available_congestion_control - STRING
	Shows the available congestion control choices that are registered.
	More congestion control algorithms may be available as modules,
	but not loaded.
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
165

166
tcp_base_mss - INTEGER
167 168 169
	The initial value of search_low to be used by the packetization layer
	Path MTU discovery (MTU probing).  If MTU probing is enabled,
	this is the initial MSS used by the connection.
170

171 172 173 174 175
tcp_congestion_control - STRING
	Set the congestion control algorithm to be used for new
	connections. The algorithm "reno" is always available, but
	additional choices may be available based on kernel configuration.
	Default is set as part of kernel configuration.
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
176

177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184
tcp_cookie_size - INTEGER
	Default size of TCP Cookie Transactions (TCPCT) option, that may be
	overridden on a per socket basis by the TCPCT socket option.
	Values greater than the maximum (16) are interpreted as the maximum.
	Values greater than zero and less than the minimum (8) are interpreted
	as the minimum.  Odd values are interpreted as the next even value.
	Default: 0 (off).

185 186
tcp_dsack - BOOLEAN
	Allows TCP to send "duplicate" SACKs.
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
187

188
tcp_ecn - BOOLEAN
189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198
	Enable Explicit Congestion Notification (ECN) in TCP. ECN is only
	used when both ends of the TCP flow support it. It is useful to
	avoid losses due to congestion (when the bottleneck router supports
	ECN).
	Possible values are:
		0 disable ECN
		1 ECN enabled
		2 Only server-side ECN enabled. If the other end does
		  not support ECN, behavior is like with ECN disabled.
	Default: 2
199 200 201 202

tcp_fack - BOOLEAN
	Enable FACK congestion avoidance and fast retransmission.
	The value is not used, if tcp_sack is not enabled.
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214

tcp_fin_timeout - INTEGER
	Time to hold socket in state FIN-WAIT-2, if it was closed
	by our side. Peer can be broken and never close its side,
	or even died unexpectedly. Default value is 60sec.
	Usual value used in 2.2 was 180 seconds, you may restore
	it, but remember that if your machine is even underloaded WEB server,
	you risk to overflow memory with kilotons of dead sockets,
	FIN-WAIT-2 sockets are less dangerous than FIN-WAIT-1,
	because they eat maximum 1.5K of memory, but they tend
	to live longer.	Cf. tcp_max_orphans.

215
tcp_frto - INTEGER
216 217
	Enables Forward RTO-Recovery (F-RTO) defined in RFC4138.
	F-RTO is an enhanced recovery algorithm for TCP retransmission
218 219
	timeouts.  It is particularly beneficial in wireless environments
	where packet loss is typically due to random radio interference
220
	rather than intermediate router congestion.  F-RTO is sender-side
221 222 223
	only modification. Therefore it does not require any support from
	the peer.

224 225
	If set to 1, basic version is enabled.  2 enables SACK enhanced
	F-RTO if flow uses SACK.  The basic version can be used also when
226
	SACK is in use though scenario(s) with it exists where F-RTO
227 228
	interacts badly with the packet counting of the SACK enabled TCP
	flow.
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
229

230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246
tcp_frto_response - INTEGER
	When F-RTO has detected that a TCP retransmission timeout was
	spurious (i.e, the timeout would have been avoided had TCP set a
	longer retransmission timeout), TCP has several options what to do
	next. Possible values are:
		0 Rate halving based; a smooth and conservative response,
		  results in halved cwnd and ssthresh after one RTT
		1 Very conservative response; not recommended because even
		  though being valid, it interacts poorly with the rest of
		  Linux TCP, halves cwnd and ssthresh immediately
		2 Aggressive response; undoes congestion control measures
		  that are now known to be unnecessary (ignoring the
		  possibility of a lost retransmission that would require
		  TCP to be more cautious), cwnd and ssthresh are restored
		  to the values prior timeout
	Default: 0 (rate halving based)

247 248 249
tcp_keepalive_time - INTEGER
	How often TCP sends out keepalive messages when keepalive is enabled.
	Default: 2hours.
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
250

251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267
tcp_keepalive_probes - INTEGER
	How many keepalive probes TCP sends out, until it decides that the
	connection is broken. Default value: 9.

tcp_keepalive_intvl - INTEGER
	How frequently the probes are send out. Multiplied by
	tcp_keepalive_probes it is time to kill not responding connection,
	after probes started. Default value: 75sec i.e. connection
	will be aborted after ~11 minutes of retries.

tcp_low_latency - BOOLEAN
	If set, the TCP stack makes decisions that prefer lower
	latency as opposed to higher throughput.  By default, this
	option is not set meaning that higher throughput is preferred.
	An example of an application where this default should be
	changed would be a Beowulf compute cluster.
	Default: 0
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287

tcp_max_orphans - INTEGER
	Maximal number of TCP sockets not attached to any user file handle,
	held by system.	If this number is exceeded orphaned connections are
	reset immediately and warning is printed. This limit exists
	only to prevent simple DoS attacks, you _must_ not rely on this
	or lower the limit artificially, but rather increase it
	(probably, after increasing installed memory),
	if network conditions require more than default value,
	and tune network services to linger and kill such states
	more aggressively. Let me to remind again: each orphan eats
	up to ~64K of unswappable memory.

tcp_max_syn_backlog - INTEGER
	Maximal number of remembered connection requests, which are
	still did not receive an acknowledgment from connecting client.
	Default value is 1024 for systems with more than 128Mb of memory,
	and 128 for low memory machines. If server suffers of overload,
	try to increase this number.

288 289 290 291 292 293 294
tcp_max_tw_buckets - INTEGER
	Maximal number of timewait sockets held by system simultaneously.
	If this number is exceeded time-wait socket is immediately destroyed
	and warning is printed. This limit exists only to prevent
	simple DoS attacks, you _must_ not lower the limit artificially,
	but rather increase it (probably, after increasing installed memory),
	if network conditions require more than default value.
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
295

296 297 298
tcp_mem - vector of 3 INTEGERs: min, pressure, max
	min: below this number of pages TCP is not bothered about its
	memory appetite.
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
299

300 301 302 303
	pressure: when amount of memory allocated by TCP exceeds this number
	of pages, TCP moderates its memory consumption and enters memory
	pressure mode, which is exited when memory consumption falls
	under "min".
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
304

305
	max: number of pages allowed for queueing by all TCP sockets.
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
306

307 308
	Defaults are calculated at boot time from amount of available
	memory.
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
309

310
tcp_moderate_rcvbuf - BOOLEAN
311
	If set, TCP performs receive buffer auto-tuning, attempting to
312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327
	automatically size the buffer (no greater than tcp_rmem[2]) to
	match the size required by the path for full throughput.  Enabled by
	default.

tcp_mtu_probing - INTEGER
	Controls TCP Packetization-Layer Path MTU Discovery.  Takes three
	values:
	  0 - Disabled
	  1 - Disabled by default, enabled when an ICMP black hole detected
	  2 - Always enabled, use initial MSS of tcp_base_mss.

tcp_no_metrics_save - BOOLEAN
	By default, TCP saves various connection metrics in the route cache
	when the connection closes, so that connections established in the
	near future can use these to set initial conditions.  Usually, this
	increases overall performance, but may sometimes cause performance
Simon Arlott's avatar
Simon Arlott committed
328
	degradation.  If set, TCP will not cache metrics on closing
329 330
	connections.

331
tcp_orphan_retries - INTEGER
332 333 334 335 336 337
	This value influences the timeout of a locally closed TCP connection,
	when RTO retransmissions remain unacknowledged.
	See tcp_retries2 for more details.

	The default value is 7.
	If your machine is a loaded WEB server,
338 339
	you should think about lowering this value, such sockets
	may consume significant resources. Cf. tcp_max_orphans.
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
340 341 342

tcp_reordering - INTEGER
	Maximal reordering of packets in a TCP stream.
343
	Default: 3
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
344 345 346 347 348 349

tcp_retrans_collapse - BOOLEAN
	Bug-to-bug compatibility with some broken printers.
	On retransmit try to send bigger packets to work around bugs in
	certain TCP stacks.

350
tcp_retries1 - INTEGER
351 352 353 354 355 356 357
	This value influences the time, after which TCP decides, that
	something is wrong due to unacknowledged RTO retransmissions,
	and reports this suspicion to the network layer.
	See tcp_retries2 for more details.

	RFC 1122 recommends at least 3 retransmissions, which is the
	default.
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
358

359
tcp_retries2 - INTEGER
360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372
	This value influences the timeout of an alive TCP connection,
	when RTO retransmissions remain unacknowledged.
	Given a value of N, a hypothetical TCP connection following
	exponential backoff with an initial RTO of TCP_RTO_MIN would
	retransmit N times before killing the connection at the (N+1)th RTO.

	The default value of 15 yields a hypothetical timeout of 924.6
	seconds and is a lower bound for the effective timeout.
	TCP will effectively time out at the first RTO which exceeds the
	hypothetical timeout.

	RFC 1122 recommends at least 100 seconds for the timeout,
	which corresponds to a value of at least 8.
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
373

374 375 376 377 378
tcp_rfc1337 - BOOLEAN
	If set, the TCP stack behaves conforming to RFC1337. If unset,
	we are not conforming to RFC, but prevent TCP TIME_WAIT
	assassination.
	Default: 0
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
379 380 381 382 383 384 385

tcp_rmem - vector of 3 INTEGERs: min, default, max
	min: Minimal size of receive buffer used by TCP sockets.
	It is guaranteed to each TCP socket, even under moderate memory
	pressure.
	Default: 8K

386
	default: initial size of receive buffer used by TCP sockets.
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
387 388 389 390 391 392 393
	This value overrides net.core.rmem_default used by other protocols.
	Default: 87380 bytes. This value results in window of 65535 with
	default setting of tcp_adv_win_scale and tcp_app_win:0 and a bit
	less for default tcp_app_win. See below about these variables.

	max: maximal size of receive buffer allowed for automatically
	selected receiver buffers for TCP socket. This value does not override
394 395 396 397
	net.core.rmem_max.  Calling setsockopt() with SO_RCVBUF disables
	automatic tuning of that socket's receive buffer size, in which
	case this value is ignored.
	Default: between 87380B and 4MB, depending on RAM size.
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
398

399 400
tcp_sack - BOOLEAN
	Enable select acknowledgments (SACKS).
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
401

402 403 404 405 406 407
tcp_slow_start_after_idle - BOOLEAN
	If set, provide RFC2861 behavior and time out the congestion
	window after an idle period.  An idle period is defined at
	the current RTO.  If unset, the congestion window will not
	be timed out after an idle period.
	Default: 1
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
408

409
tcp_stdurg - BOOLEAN
410
	Use the Host requirements interpretation of the TCP urgent pointer field.
411 412 413
	Most hosts use the older BSD interpretation, so if you turn this on
	Linux might not communicate correctly with them.
	Default: FALSE
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
414

415 416 417 418
tcp_synack_retries - INTEGER
	Number of times SYNACKs for a passive TCP connection attempt will
	be retransmitted. Should not be higher than 255. Default value
	is 5, which corresponds to ~180seconds.
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
419

420 421 422
tcp_syncookies - BOOLEAN
	Only valid when the kernel was compiled with CONFIG_SYNCOOKIES
	Send out syncookies when the syn backlog queue of a socket
423
	overflows. This is to prevent against the common 'SYN flood attack'
424
	Default: FALSE
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
425

426 427
	Note, that syncookies is fallback facility.
	It MUST NOT be used to help highly loaded servers to stand
428
	against legal connection rate. If you see SYN flood warnings
429 430 431 432
	in your logs, but investigation	shows that they occur
	because of overload with legal connections, you should tune
	another parameters until this warning disappear.
	See: tcp_max_syn_backlog, tcp_synack_retries, tcp_abort_on_overflow.
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
433

434 435 436 437
	syncookies seriously violate TCP protocol, do not allow
	to use TCP extensions, can result in serious degradation
	of some services (f.e. SMTP relaying), visible not by you,
	but your clients and relays, contacting you. While you see
438
	SYN flood warnings in logs not being really flooded, your server
439
	is seriously misconfigured.
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
440

441 442 443 444 445 446 447
tcp_syn_retries - INTEGER
	Number of times initial SYNs for an active TCP connection attempt
	will be retransmitted. Should not be higher than 255. Default value
	is 5, which corresponds to ~180seconds.

tcp_timestamps - BOOLEAN
	Enable timestamps as defined in RFC1323.
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
448 449

tcp_tso_win_divisor - INTEGER
450 451 452 453 454
	This allows control over what percentage of the congestion window
	can be consumed by a single TSO frame.
	The setting of this parameter is a choice between burstiness and
	building larger TSO frames.
	Default: 3
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
455

456 457 458 459
tcp_tw_recycle - BOOLEAN
	Enable fast recycling TIME-WAIT sockets. Default value is 0.
	It should not be changed without advice/request of technical
	experts.
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
460

461 462 463 464 465
tcp_tw_reuse - BOOLEAN
	Allow to reuse TIME-WAIT sockets for new connections when it is
	safe from protocol viewpoint. Default value is 0.
	It should not be changed without advice/request of technical
	experts.
466

467 468
tcp_window_scaling - BOOLEAN
	Enable window scaling as defined in RFC1323.
469

470
tcp_wmem - vector of 3 INTEGERs: min, default, max
471
	min: Amount of memory reserved for send buffers for TCP sockets.
472 473
	Each TCP socket has rights to use it due to fact of its birth.
	Default: 4K
474

475 476 477
	default: initial size of send buffer used by TCP sockets.  This
	value overrides net.core.wmem_default used by other protocols.
	It is usually lower than net.core.wmem_default.
478 479
	Default: 16K

480 481 482 483 484 485
	max: Maximal amount of memory allowed for automatically tuned
	send buffers for TCP sockets. This value does not override
	net.core.wmem_max.  Calling setsockopt() with SO_SNDBUF disables
	automatic tuning of that socket's send buffer size, in which case
	this value is ignored.
	Default: between 64K and 4MB, depending on RAM size.
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
486

487 488 489 490 491 492 493
tcp_workaround_signed_windows - BOOLEAN
	If set, assume no receipt of a window scaling option means the
	remote TCP is broken and treats the window as a signed quantity.
	If unset, assume the remote TCP is not broken even if we do
	not receive a window scaling option from them.
	Default: 0

494 495 496 497 498 499
tcp_dma_copybreak - INTEGER
	Lower limit, in bytes, of the size of socket reads that will be
	offloaded to a DMA copy engine, if one is present in the system
	and CONFIG_NET_DMA is enabled.
	Default: 4096

500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511
tcp_thin_linear_timeouts - BOOLEAN
	Enable dynamic triggering of linear timeouts for thin streams.
	If set, a check is performed upon retransmission by timeout to
	determine if the stream is thin (less than 4 packets in flight).
	As long as the stream is found to be thin, up to 6 linear
	timeouts may be performed before exponential backoff mode is
	initiated. This improves retransmission latency for
	non-aggressive thin streams, often found to be time-dependent.
	For more information on thin streams, see
	Documentation/networking/tcp-thin.txt
	Default: 0

Andreas Petlund's avatar
Andreas Petlund committed
512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523
tcp_thin_dupack - BOOLEAN
	Enable dynamic triggering of retransmissions after one dupACK
	for thin streams. If set, a check is performed upon reception
	of a dupACK to determine if the stream is thin (less than 4
	packets in flight). As long as the stream is found to be thin,
	data is retransmitted on the first received dupACK. This
	improves retransmission latency for non-aggressive thin
	streams, often found to be time-dependent.
	For more information on thin streams, see
	Documentation/networking/tcp-thin.txt
	Default: 0

Hideo Aoki's avatar
Hideo Aoki committed
524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550
UDP variables:

udp_mem - vector of 3 INTEGERs: min, pressure, max
	Number of pages allowed for queueing by all UDP sockets.

	min: Below this number of pages UDP is not bothered about its
	memory appetite. When amount of memory allocated by UDP exceeds
	this number, UDP starts to moderate memory usage.

	pressure: This value was introduced to follow format of tcp_mem.

	max: Number of pages allowed for queueing by all UDP sockets.

	Default is calculated at boot time from amount of available memory.

udp_rmem_min - INTEGER
	Minimal size of receive buffer used by UDP sockets in moderation.
	Each UDP socket is able to use the size for receiving data, even if
	total pages of UDP sockets exceed udp_mem pressure. The unit is byte.
	Default: 4096

udp_wmem_min - INTEGER
	Minimal size of send buffer used by UDP sockets in moderation.
	Each UDP socket is able to use the size for sending data, even if
	total pages of UDP sockets exceed udp_mem pressure. The unit is byte.
	Default: 4096

Paul Moore's avatar
Paul Moore committed
551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585
CIPSOv4 Variables:

cipso_cache_enable - BOOLEAN
	If set, enable additions to and lookups from the CIPSO label mapping
	cache.  If unset, additions are ignored and lookups always result in a
	miss.  However, regardless of the setting the cache is still
	invalidated when required when means you can safely toggle this on and
	off and the cache will always be "safe".
	Default: 1

cipso_cache_bucket_size - INTEGER
	The CIPSO label cache consists of a fixed size hash table with each
	hash bucket containing a number of cache entries.  This variable limits
	the number of entries in each hash bucket; the larger the value the
	more CIPSO label mappings that can be cached.  When the number of
	entries in a given hash bucket reaches this limit adding new entries
	causes the oldest entry in the bucket to be removed to make room.
	Default: 10

cipso_rbm_optfmt - BOOLEAN
	Enable the "Optimized Tag 1 Format" as defined in section 3.4.2.6 of
	the CIPSO draft specification (see Documentation/netlabel for details).
	This means that when set the CIPSO tag will be padded with empty
	categories in order to make the packet data 32-bit aligned.
	Default: 0

cipso_rbm_structvalid - BOOLEAN
	If set, do a very strict check of the CIPSO option when
	ip_options_compile() is called.  If unset, relax the checks done during
	ip_options_compile().  Either way is "safe" as errors are caught else
	where in the CIPSO processing code but setting this to 0 (False) should
	result in less work (i.e. it should be faster) but could cause problems
	with other implementations that require strict checking.
	Default: 0

Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
586 587 588 589
IP Variables:

ip_local_port_range - 2 INTEGERS
	Defines the local port range that is used by TCP and UDP to
590
	choose the local port. The first number is the first, the
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600
	second the last local port number. Default value depends on
	amount of memory available on the system:
	> 128Mb 32768-61000
	< 128Mb 1024-4999 or even less.
	This number defines number of active connections, which this
	system can issue simultaneously to systems not supporting
	TCP extensions (timestamps). With tcp_tw_recycle enabled
	(i.e. by default) range 1024-4999 is enough to issue up to
	2000 connections per second to systems supporting timestamps.

601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631
ip_local_reserved_ports - list of comma separated ranges
	Specify the ports which are reserved for known third-party
	applications. These ports will not be used by automatic port
	assignments (e.g. when calling connect() or bind() with port
	number 0). Explicit port allocation behavior is unchanged.

	The format used for both input and output is a comma separated
	list of ranges (e.g. "1,2-4,10-10" for ports 1, 2, 3, 4 and
	10). Writing to the file will clear all previously reserved
	ports and update the current list with the one given in the
	input.

	Note that ip_local_port_range and ip_local_reserved_ports
	settings are independent and both are considered by the kernel
	when determining which ports are available for automatic port
	assignments.

	You can reserve ports which are not in the current
	ip_local_port_range, e.g.:

	$ cat /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_local_port_range
	32000	61000
	$ cat /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_local_reserved_ports
	8080,9148

	although this is redundant. However such a setting is useful
	if later the port range is changed to a value that will
	include the reserved ports.

	Default: Empty

Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644
ip_nonlocal_bind - BOOLEAN
	If set, allows processes to bind() to non-local IP addresses,
	which can be quite useful - but may break some applications.
	Default: 0

ip_dynaddr - BOOLEAN
	If set non-zero, enables support for dynamic addresses.
	If set to a non-zero value larger than 1, a kernel log
	message will be printed when dynamic address rewriting
	occurs.
	Default: 0

icmp_echo_ignore_all - BOOLEAN
645 646 647 648
	If set non-zero, then the kernel will ignore all ICMP ECHO
	requests sent to it.
	Default: 0

Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
649
icmp_echo_ignore_broadcasts - BOOLEAN
650 651 652
	If set non-zero, then the kernel will ignore all ICMP ECHO and
	TIMESTAMP requests sent to it via broadcast/multicast.
	Default: 1
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
653 654 655 656

icmp_ratelimit - INTEGER
	Limit the maximal rates for sending ICMP packets whose type matches
	icmp_ratemask (see below) to specific targets.
657 658 659
	0 to disable any limiting,
	otherwise the minimal space between responses in milliseconds.
	Default: 1000
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689

icmp_ratemask - INTEGER
	Mask made of ICMP types for which rates are being limited.
	Significant bits: IHGFEDCBA9876543210
	Default mask:     0000001100000011000 (6168)

	Bit definitions (see include/linux/icmp.h):
		0 Echo Reply
		3 Destination Unreachable *
		4 Source Quench *
		5 Redirect
		8 Echo Request
		B Time Exceeded *
		C Parameter Problem *
		D Timestamp Request
		E Timestamp Reply
		F Info Request
		G Info Reply
		H Address Mask Request
		I Address Mask Reply

	* These are rate limited by default (see default mask above)

icmp_ignore_bogus_error_responses - BOOLEAN
	Some routers violate RFC1122 by sending bogus responses to broadcast
	frames.  Such violations are normally logged via a kernel warning.
	If this is set to TRUE, the kernel will not give such warnings, which
	will avoid log file clutter.
	Default: FALSE

690 691 692 693
icmp_errors_use_inbound_ifaddr - BOOLEAN

	If zero, icmp error messages are sent with the primary address of
	the exiting interface.
694

695 696 697 698
	If non-zero, the message will be sent with the primary address of
	the interface that received the packet that caused the icmp error.
	This is the behaviour network many administrators will expect from
	a router. And it can make debugging complicated network layouts
699
	much easier.
700 701 702

	Note that if no primary address exists for the interface selected,
	then the primary address of the first non-loopback interface that
703
	has one will be used regardless of this setting.
704 705 706

	Default: 0

Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
707 708 709 710
igmp_max_memberships - INTEGER
	Change the maximum number of multicast groups we can subscribe to.
	Default: 20

711
conf/interface/*  changes special settings per interface (where "interface" is
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724
		  the name of your network interface)
conf/all/*	  is special, changes the settings for all interfaces


log_martians - BOOLEAN
	Log packets with impossible addresses to kernel log.
	log_martians for the interface will be enabled if at least one of
	conf/{all,interface}/log_martians is set to TRUE,
	it will be disabled otherwise

accept_redirects - BOOLEAN
	Accept ICMP redirect messages.
	accept_redirects for the interface will be enabled if:
725 726
	- both conf/{all,interface}/accept_redirects are TRUE in the case
	  forwarding for the interface is enabled
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
727
	or
728 729
	- at least one of conf/{all,interface}/accept_redirects is TRUE in the
	  case forwarding for the interface is disabled
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739
	accept_redirects for the interface will be disabled otherwise
	default TRUE (host)
		FALSE (router)

forwarding - BOOLEAN
	Enable IP forwarding on this interface.

mc_forwarding - BOOLEAN
	Do multicast routing. The kernel needs to be compiled with CONFIG_MROUTE
	and a multicast routing daemon is required.
740 741
	conf/all/mc_forwarding must also be set to TRUE to enable multicast
	routing	for the interface
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
742 743 744 745 746 747 748

medium_id - INTEGER
	Integer value used to differentiate the devices by the medium they
	are attached to. Two devices can have different id values when
	the broadcast packets are received only on one of them.
	The default value 0 means that the device is the only interface
	to its medium, value of -1 means that medium is not known.
749

Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759
	Currently, it is used to change the proxy_arp behavior:
	the proxy_arp feature is enabled for packets forwarded between
	two devices attached to different media.

proxy_arp - BOOLEAN
	Do proxy arp.
	proxy_arp for the interface will be enabled if at least one of
	conf/{all,interface}/proxy_arp is set to TRUE,
	it will be disabled otherwise

760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778
proxy_arp_pvlan - BOOLEAN
	Private VLAN proxy arp.
	Basically allow proxy arp replies back to the same interface
	(from which the ARP request/solicitation was received).

	This is done to support (ethernet) switch features, like RFC
	3069, where the individual ports are NOT allowed to
	communicate with each other, but they are allowed to talk to
	the upstream router.  As described in RFC 3069, it is possible
	to allow these hosts to communicate through the upstream
	router by proxy_arp'ing. Don't need to be used together with
	proxy_arp.

	This technology is known by different names:
	  In RFC 3069 it is called VLAN Aggregation.
	  Cisco and Allied Telesyn call it Private VLAN.
	  Hewlett-Packard call it Source-Port filtering or port-isolation.
	  Ericsson call it MAC-Forced Forwarding (RFC Draft).

Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817
shared_media - BOOLEAN
	Send(router) or accept(host) RFC1620 shared media redirects.
	Overrides ip_secure_redirects.
	shared_media for the interface will be enabled if at least one of
	conf/{all,interface}/shared_media is set to TRUE,
	it will be disabled otherwise
	default TRUE

secure_redirects - BOOLEAN
	Accept ICMP redirect messages only for gateways,
	listed in default gateway list.
	secure_redirects for the interface will be enabled if at least one of
	conf/{all,interface}/secure_redirects is set to TRUE,
	it will be disabled otherwise
	default TRUE

send_redirects - BOOLEAN
	Send redirects, if router.
	send_redirects for the interface will be enabled if at least one of
	conf/{all,interface}/send_redirects is set to TRUE,
	it will be disabled otherwise
	Default: TRUE

bootp_relay - BOOLEAN
	Accept packets with source address 0.b.c.d destined
	not to this host as local ones. It is supposed, that
	BOOTP relay daemon will catch and forward such packets.
	conf/all/bootp_relay must also be set to TRUE to enable BOOTP relay
	for the interface
	default FALSE
	Not Implemented Yet.

accept_source_route - BOOLEAN
	Accept packets with SRR option.
	conf/all/accept_source_route must also be set to TRUE to accept packets
	with SRR option on the interface
	default TRUE (router)
		FALSE (host)

818 819 820 821 822 823
accept_local - BOOLEAN
	Accept packets with local source addresses. In combination with
	suitable routing, this can be used to direct packets between two
	local interfaces over the wire and have them accepted properly.
	default FALSE

824
rp_filter - INTEGER
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
825
	0 - No source validation.
826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834
	1 - Strict mode as defined in RFC3704 Strict Reverse Path
	    Each incoming packet is tested against the FIB and if the interface
	    is not the best reverse path the packet check will fail.
	    By default failed packets are discarded.
	2 - Loose mode as defined in RFC3704 Loose Reverse Path
	    Each incoming packet's source address is also tested against the FIB
	    and if the source address is not reachable via any interface
	    the packet check will fail.

835
	Current recommended practice in RFC3704 is to enable strict mode
836
	to prevent IP spoofing from DDos attacks. If using asymmetric routing
837
	or other complicated routing, then loose mode is recommended.
838

839 840
	The max value from conf/{all,interface}/rp_filter is used
	when doing source validation on the {interface}.
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912

	Default value is 0. Note that some distributions enable it
	in startup scripts.

arp_filter - BOOLEAN
	1 - Allows you to have multiple network interfaces on the same
	subnet, and have the ARPs for each interface be answered
	based on whether or not the kernel would route a packet from
	the ARP'd IP out that interface (therefore you must use source
	based routing for this to work). In other words it allows control
	of which cards (usually 1) will respond to an arp request.

	0 - (default) The kernel can respond to arp requests with addresses
	from other interfaces. This may seem wrong but it usually makes
	sense, because it increases the chance of successful communication.
	IP addresses are owned by the complete host on Linux, not by
	particular interfaces. Only for more complex setups like load-
	balancing, does this behaviour cause problems.

	arp_filter for the interface will be enabled if at least one of
	conf/{all,interface}/arp_filter is set to TRUE,
	it will be disabled otherwise

arp_announce - INTEGER
	Define different restriction levels for announcing the local
	source IP address from IP packets in ARP requests sent on
	interface:
	0 - (default) Use any local address, configured on any interface
	1 - Try to avoid local addresses that are not in the target's
	subnet for this interface. This mode is useful when target
	hosts reachable via this interface require the source IP
	address in ARP requests to be part of their logical network
	configured on the receiving interface. When we generate the
	request we will check all our subnets that include the
	target IP and will preserve the source address if it is from
	such subnet. If there is no such subnet we select source
	address according to the rules for level 2.
	2 - Always use the best local address for this target.
	In this mode we ignore the source address in the IP packet
	and try to select local address that we prefer for talks with
	the target host. Such local address is selected by looking
	for primary IP addresses on all our subnets on the outgoing
	interface that include the target IP address. If no suitable
	local address is found we select the first local address
	we have on the outgoing interface or on all other interfaces,
	with the hope we will receive reply for our request and
	even sometimes no matter the source IP address we announce.

	The max value from conf/{all,interface}/arp_announce is used.

	Increasing the restriction level gives more chance for
	receiving answer from the resolved target while decreasing
	the level announces more valid sender's information.

arp_ignore - INTEGER
	Define different modes for sending replies in response to
	received ARP requests that resolve local target IP addresses:
	0 - (default): reply for any local target IP address, configured
	on any interface
	1 - reply only if the target IP address is local address
	configured on the incoming interface
	2 - reply only if the target IP address is local address
	configured on the incoming interface and both with the
	sender's IP address are part from same subnet on this interface
	3 - do not reply for local addresses configured with scope host,
	only resolutions for global and link addresses are replied
	4-7 - reserved
	8 - do not reply for all local addresses

	The max value from conf/{all,interface}/arp_ignore is used
	when ARP request is received on the {interface}

913 914 915
arp_notify - BOOLEAN
	Define mode for notification of address and device changes.
	0 - (default): do nothing
916
	1 - Generate gratuitous arp requests when device is brought up
917 918
	    or hardware address changes.

919
arp_accept - BOOLEAN
920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931
	Define behavior for gratuitous ARP frames who's IP is not
	already present in the ARP table:
	0 - don't create new entries in the ARP table
	1 - create new entries in the ARP table

	Both replies and requests type gratuitous arp will trigger the
	ARP table to be updated, if this setting is on.

	If the ARP table already contains the IP address of the
	gratuitous arp frame, the arp table will be updated regardless
	if this setting is on or off.

932

Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 949 950 951 952 953 954 955 956 957 958 959 960 961 962 963 964 965 966 967 968
app_solicit - INTEGER
	The maximum number of probes to send to the user space ARP daemon
	via netlink before dropping back to multicast probes (see
	mcast_solicit).  Defaults to 0.

disable_policy - BOOLEAN
	Disable IPSEC policy (SPD) for this interface

disable_xfrm - BOOLEAN
	Disable IPSEC encryption on this interface, whatever the policy



tag - INTEGER
	Allows you to write a number, which can be used as required.
	Default value is 0.

Alexey Kuznetsov.
kuznet@ms2.inr.ac.ru

Updated by:
Andi Kleen
ak@muc.de
Nicolas Delon
delon.nicolas@wanadoo.fr




/proc/sys/net/ipv6/* Variables:

IPv6 has no global variables such as tcp_*.  tcp_* settings under ipv4/ also
apply to IPv6 [XXX?].

bindv6only - BOOLEAN
	Default value for IPV6_V6ONLY socket option,
969
	which restricts use of the IPv6 socket to IPv6 communication
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
970 971 972 973 974 975 976 977 978
	only.
		TRUE: disable IPv4-mapped address feature
		FALSE: enable IPv4-mapped address feature

	Default: FALSE (as specified in RFC2553bis)

IPv6 Fragmentation:

ip6frag_high_thresh - INTEGER
979
	Maximum memory used to reassemble IPv6 fragments. When
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
980 981 982
	ip6frag_high_thresh bytes of memory is allocated for this purpose,
	the fragment handler will toss packets until ip6frag_low_thresh
	is reached.
983

Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
984
ip6frag_low_thresh - INTEGER
985
	See ip6frag_high_thresh
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
986 987 988 989 990

ip6frag_time - INTEGER
	Time in seconds to keep an IPv6 fragment in memory.

ip6frag_secret_interval - INTEGER
991
	Regeneration interval (in seconds) of the hash secret (or lifetime
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
992 993 994 995 996 997 998 999
	for the hash secret) for IPv6 fragments.
	Default: 600

conf/default/*:
	Change the interface-specific default settings.


conf/all/*:
1000
	Change all the interface-specific settings.
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
1001 1002 1003 1004

	[XXX:  Other special features than forwarding?]

conf/all/forwarding - BOOLEAN
1005
	Enable global IPv6 forwarding between all interfaces.
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
1006

1007
	IPv4 and IPv6 work differently here; e.g. netfilter must be used
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
1008 1009
	to control which interfaces may forward packets and which not.

1010
	This also sets all interfaces' Host/Router setting
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
1011 1012 1013 1014
	'forwarding' to the specified value.  See below for details.

	This referred to as global forwarding.

1015 1016 1017
proxy_ndp - BOOLEAN
	Do proxy ndp.

Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
1018 1019 1020
conf/interface/*:
	Change special settings per interface.

1021
	The functional behaviour for certain settings is different
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
1022 1023 1024 1025
	depending on whether local forwarding is enabled or not.

accept_ra - BOOLEAN
	Accept Router Advertisements; autoconfigure using them.
1026

1027 1028 1029 1030 1031 1032
	Possible values are:
		0 Do not accept Router Advertisements.
		1 Accept Router Advertisements if forwarding is disabled.
		2 Overrule forwarding behaviour. Accept Router Advertisements
		  even if forwarding is enabled.

Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
1033 1034 1035
	Functional default: enabled if local forwarding is disabled.
			    disabled if local forwarding is enabled.

1036 1037 1038 1039 1040 1041
accept_ra_defrtr - BOOLEAN
	Learn default router in Router Advertisement.

	Functional default: enabled if accept_ra is enabled.
			    disabled if accept_ra is disabled.

1042
accept_ra_pinfo - BOOLEAN
1043
	Learn Prefix Information in Router Advertisement.
1044 1045 1046 1047

	Functional default: enabled if accept_ra is enabled.
			    disabled if accept_ra is disabled.

1048 1049 1050 1051 1052 1053 1054 1055 1056
accept_ra_rt_info_max_plen - INTEGER
	Maximum prefix length of Route Information in RA.

	Route Information w/ prefix larger than or equal to this
	variable shall be ignored.

	Functional default: 0 if accept_ra_rtr_pref is enabled.
			    -1 if accept_ra_rtr_pref is disabled.

1057 1058 1059 1060 1061 1062
accept_ra_rtr_pref - BOOLEAN
	Accept Router Preference in RA.

	Functional default: enabled if accept_ra is enabled.
			    disabled if accept_ra is disabled.

Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
1063 1064 1065 1066 1067 1068
accept_redirects - BOOLEAN
	Accept Redirects.

	Functional default: enabled if local forwarding is disabled.
			    disabled if local forwarding is enabled.

1069 1070 1071
accept_source_route - INTEGER
	Accept source routing (routing extension header).

1072
	>= 0: Accept only routing header type 2.
1073 1074 1075 1076
	< 0: Do not accept routing header.

	Default: 0

Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
1077
autoconf - BOOLEAN
1078
	Autoconfigure addresses using Prefix Information in Router
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
1079 1080
	Advertisements.

1081 1082
	Functional default: enabled if accept_ra_pinfo is enabled.
			    disabled if accept_ra_pinfo is disabled.
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
1083 1084 1085 1086

dad_transmits - INTEGER
	The amount of Duplicate Address Detection probes to send.
	Default: 1
1087

Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
1088
forwarding - BOOLEAN
1089
	Configure interface-specific Host/Router behaviour.
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
1090

1091
	Note: It is recommended to have the same setting on all
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
1092 1093
	interfaces; mixed router/host scenarios are rather uncommon.

1094 1095 1096 1097 1098 1099
	Possible values are:
		0 Forwarding disabled
		1 Forwarding enabled
		2 Forwarding enabled (Hybrid Mode)

	FALSE (0):
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
1100 1101 1102 1103 1104

	By default, Host behaviour is assumed.  This means:

	1. IsRouter flag is not set in Neighbour Advertisements.
	2. Router Solicitations are being sent when necessary.
1105
	3. If accept_ra is TRUE (default), accept Router
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
1106 1107 1108
	   Advertisements (and do autoconfiguration).
	4. If accept_redirects is TRUE (default), accept Redirects.

1109
	TRUE (1):
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
1110

1111
	If local forwarding is enabled, Router behaviour is assumed.
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
1112 1113 1114 1115
	This means exactly the reverse from the above:

	1. IsRouter flag is set in Neighbour Advertisements.
	2. Router Solicitations are not sent.
1116
	3. Router Advertisements are ignored unless accept_ra is 2.
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
1117 1118
	4. Redirects are ignored.

1119 1120 1121 1122 1123 1124 1125 1126
	TRUE (2):

	Hybrid mode. Same behaviour as TRUE, except for:

	2. Router Solicitations are being sent when necessary.

	Default: 0 (disabled) if global forwarding is disabled (default),
		 otherwise 1 (enabled).
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
1127 1128 1129 1130 1131 1132 1133 1134 1135

hop_limit - INTEGER
	Default Hop Limit to set.
	Default: 64

mtu - INTEGER
	Default Maximum Transfer Unit
	Default: 1280 (IPv6 required minimum)

1136 1137 1138 1139 1140 1141
router_probe_interval - INTEGER
	Minimum interval (in seconds) between Router Probing described
	in RFC4191.

	Default: 60

Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
1142 1143 1144 1145 1146 1147 1148 1149 1150 1151
router_solicitation_delay - INTEGER
	Number of seconds to wait after interface is brought up
	before sending Router Solicitations.
	Default: 1

router_solicitation_interval - INTEGER
	Number of seconds to wait between Router Solicitations.
	Default: 4

router_solicitations - INTEGER
1152
	Number of Router Solicitations to send until assuming no
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
1153 1154 1155 1156 1157 1158 1159 1160 1161 1162 1163 1164 1165 1166 1167 1168 1169 1170 1171 1172 1173 1174 1175
	routers are present.
	Default: 3

use_tempaddr - INTEGER
	Preference for Privacy Extensions (RFC3041).
	  <= 0 : disable Privacy Extensions
	  == 1 : enable Privacy Extensions, but prefer public
	         addresses over temporary addresses.
	  >  1 : enable Privacy Extensions and prefer temporary
	         addresses over public addresses.
	Default:  0 (for most devices)
		 -1 (for point-to-point devices and loopback devices)

temp_valid_lft - INTEGER
	valid lifetime (in seconds) for temporary addresses.
	Default: 604800 (7 days)

temp_prefered_lft - INTEGER
	Preferred lifetime (in seconds) for temporary addresses.
	Default: 86400 (1 day)

max_desync_factor - INTEGER
	Maximum value for DESYNC_FACTOR, which is a random value
1176
	that ensures that clients don't synchronize with each
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
1177 1178 1179
	other and generate new addresses at exactly the same time.
	value is in seconds.
	Default: 600
1180

Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
1181 1182 1183 1184 1185 1186
regen_max_retry - INTEGER
	Number of attempts before give up attempting to generate
	valid temporary addresses.
	Default: 5

max_addresses - INTEGER
1187 1188 1189 1190
	Maximum number of autoconfigured addresses per interface.  Setting
	to zero disables the limitation.  It is not recommended to set this
	value too large (or to zero) because it would be an easy way to
	crash the kernel by allowing too many addresses to be created.
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
1191 1192
	Default: 16

1193
disable_ipv6 - BOOLEAN
1194 1195 1196
	Disable IPv6 operation.  If accept_dad is set to 2, this value
	will be dynamically set to TRUE if DAD fails for the link-local
	address.
1197 1198
	Default: FALSE (enable IPv6 operation)

1199 1200 1201 1202 1203 1204 1205
	When this value is changed from 1 to 0 (IPv6 is being enabled),
	it will dynamically create a link-local address on the given
	interface and start Duplicate Address Detection, if necessary.

	When this value is changed from 0 to 1 (IPv6 is being disabled),
	it will dynamically delete all address on the given interface.

1206 1207 1208 1209 1210 1211 1212
accept_dad - INTEGER
	Whether to accept DAD (Duplicate Address Detection).
	0: Disable DAD
	1: Enable DAD (default)
	2: Enable DAD, and disable IPv6 operation if MAC-based duplicate
	   link-local address has been found.

1213 1214 1215 1216 1217 1218 1219 1220 1221 1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230
force_tllao - BOOLEAN
	Enable sending the target link-layer address option even when
	responding to a unicast neighbor solicitation.
	Default: FALSE

	Quoting from RFC 2461, section 4.4, Target link-layer address:

	"The option MUST be included for multicast solicitations in order to
	avoid infinite Neighbor Solicitation "recursion" when the peer node
	does not have a cache entry to return a Neighbor Advertisements
	message.  When responding to unicast solicitations, the option can be
	omitted since the sender of the solicitation has the correct link-
	layer address; otherwise it would not have be able to send the unicast
	solicitation in the first place. However, including the link-layer
	address in this case adds little overhead and eliminates a potential
	race condition where the sender deletes the cached link-layer address
	prior to receiving a response to a previous solicitation."

Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
1231 1232 1233
icmp/*:
ratelimit - INTEGER
	Limit the maximal rates for sending ICMPv6 packets.
1234 1235 1236
	0 to disable any limiting,
	otherwise the minimal space between responses in milliseconds.
	Default: 1000
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
1237 1238 1239 1240 1241 1242 1243 1244 1245 1246 1247 1248 1249 1250 1251 1252 1253 1254 1255 1256 1257 1258 1259 1260 1261


IPv6 Update by:
Pekka Savola <pekkas@netcore.fi>
YOSHIFUJI Hideaki / USAGI Project <yoshfuji@linux-ipv6.org>


/proc/sys/net/bridge/* Variables:

bridge-nf-call-arptables - BOOLEAN
	1 : pass bridged ARP traffic to arptables' FORWARD chain.
	0 : disable this.
	Default: 1

bridge-nf-call-iptables - BOOLEAN
	1 : pass bridged IPv4 traffic to iptables' chains.
	0 : disable this.
	Default: 1

bridge-nf-call-ip6tables - BOOLEAN
	1 : pass bridged IPv6 traffic to ip6tables' chains.
	0 : disable this.
	Default: 1

bridge-nf-filter-vlan-tagged - BOOLEAN
1262 1263 1264 1265 1266 1267
	1 : pass bridged vlan-tagged ARP/IP/IPv6 traffic to {arp,ip,ip6}tables.
	0 : disable this.
	Default: 1

bridge-nf-filter-pppoe-tagged - BOOLEAN
	1 : pass bridged pppoe-tagged IP/IPv6 traffic to {ip,ip6}tables.
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
1268 1269 1270 1271
	0 : disable this.
	Default: 1


1272 1273 1274 1275 1276 1277 1278 1279 1280 1281 1282 1283 1284 1285 1286 1287 1288 1289 1290 1291 1292 1293 1294 1295 1296 1297 1298 1299 1300 1301 1302 1303 1304 1305 1306 1307 1308 1309 1310 1311 1312 1313 1314 1315 1316 1317 1318 1319 1320 1321 1322 1323 1324 1325 1326 1327 1328 1329 1330 1331 1332 1333 1334 1335 1336 1337 1338 1339 1340 1341 1342 1343 1344 1345 1346 1347 1348 1349 1350 1351 1352 1353 1354 1355 1356 1357
proc/sys/net/sctp/* Variables:

addip_enable - BOOLEAN
	Enable or disable extension of  Dynamic Address Reconfiguration
	(ADD-IP) functionality specified in RFC5061.  This extension provides
	the ability to dynamically add and remove new addresses for the SCTP
	associations.

	1: Enable extension.

	0: Disable extension.

	Default: 0

addip_noauth_enable - BOOLEAN
	Dynamic Address Reconfiguration (ADD-IP) requires the use of
	authentication to protect the operations of adding or removing new
	addresses.  This requirement is mandated so that unauthorized hosts
	would not be able to hijack associations.  However, older
	implementations may not have implemented this requirement while
	allowing the ADD-IP extension.  For reasons of interoperability,
	we provide this variable to control the enforcement of the
	authentication requirement.

	1: Allow ADD-IP extension to be used without authentication.  This
	   should only be set in a closed environment for interoperability
	   with older implementations.

	0: Enforce the authentication requirement

	Default: 0

auth_enable - BOOLEAN
	Enable or disable Authenticated Chunks extension.  This extension
	provides the ability to send and receive authenticated chunks and is
	required for secure operation of Dynamic Address Reconfiguration
	(ADD-IP) extension.

	1: Enable this extension.
	0: Disable this extension.

	Default: 0

prsctp_enable - BOOLEAN
	Enable or disable the Partial Reliability extension (RFC3758) which
	is used to notify peers that a given DATA should no longer be expected.

	1: Enable extension
	0: Disable

	Default: 1

max_burst - INTEGER
	The limit of the number of new packets that can be initially sent.  It
	controls how bursty the generated traffic can be.

	Default: 4

association_max_retrans - INTEGER
	Set the maximum number for retransmissions that an association can
	attempt deciding that the remote end is unreachable.  If this value
	is exceeded, the association is terminated.

	Default: 10

max_init_retransmits - INTEGER
	The maximum number of retransmissions of INIT and COOKIE-ECHO chunks
	that an association will attempt before declaring the destination
	unreachable and terminating.

	Default: 8

path_max_retrans - INTEGER
	The maximum number of retransmissions that will be attempted on a given
	path.  Once this threshold is exceeded, the path is considered
	unreachable, and new traffic will use a different path when the
	association is multihomed.

	Default: 5

rto_initial - INTEGER
	The initial round trip timeout value in milliseconds that will be used
	in calculating round trip times.  This is the initial time interval
	for retransmissions.

	Default: 3000
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
1358

1359 1360 1361 1362 1363 1364 1365 1366 1367 1368 1369 1370 1371 1372 1373 1374 1375 1376 1377 1378 1379 1380 1381 1382 1383 1384 1385 1386 1387 1388 1389 1390 1391 1392 1393 1394 1395 1396 1397 1398 1399 1400 1401 1402 1403 1404 1405 1406 1407 1408 1409 1410 1411 1412 1413 1414 1415 1416 1417 1418 1419 1420 1421 1422 1423 1424 1425 1426 1427 1428 1429 1430 1431 1432 1433 1434 1435 1436 1437 1438 1439 1440 1441
rto_max - INTEGER
	The maximum value (in milliseconds) of the round trip timeout.  This
	is the largest time interval that can elapse between retransmissions.

	Default: 60000

rto_min - INTEGER
	The minimum value (in milliseconds) of the round trip timeout.  This
	is the smallest time interval the can elapse between retransmissions.

	Default: 1000

hb_interval - INTEGER
	The interval (in milliseconds) between HEARTBEAT chunks.  These chunks
	are sent at the specified interval on idle paths to probe the state of
	a given path between 2 associations.

	Default: 30000

sack_timeout - INTEGER
	The amount of time (in milliseconds) that the implementation will wait
	to send a SACK.

	Default: 200

valid_cookie_life - INTEGER
	The default lifetime of the SCTP cookie (in milliseconds).  The cookie
	is used during association establishment.

	Default: 60000

cookie_preserve_enable - BOOLEAN
	Enable or disable the ability to extend the lifetime of the SCTP cookie
	that is used during the establishment phase of SCTP association

	1: Enable cookie lifetime extension.
	0: Disable

	Default: 1

rcvbuf_policy - INTEGER
	Determines if the receive buffer is attributed to the socket or to
	association.   SCTP supports the capability to create multiple
	associations on a single socket.  When using this capability, it is
	possible that a single stalled association that's buffering a lot
	of data may block other associations from delivering their data by
	consuming all of the receive buffer space.  To work around this,
	the rcvbuf_policy could be set to attribute the receiver buffer space
	to each association instead of the socket.  This prevents the described
	blocking.

	1: rcvbuf space is per association
	0: recbuf space is per socket

	Default: 0

sndbuf_policy - INTEGER
	Similar to rcvbuf_policy above, this applies to send buffer space.

	1: Send buffer is tracked per association
	0: Send buffer is tracked per socket.

	Default: 0

sctp_mem - vector of 3 INTEGERs: min, pressure, max
	Number of pages allowed for queueing by all SCTP sockets.

	min: Below this number of pages SCTP is not bothered about its
	memory appetite. When amount of memory allocated by SCTP exceeds
	this number, SCTP starts to moderate memory usage.

	pressure: This value was introduced to follow format of tcp_mem.

	max: Number of pages allowed for queueing by all SCTP sockets.

	Default is calculated at boot time from amount of available memory.

sctp_rmem - vector of 3 INTEGERs: min, default, max
	See tcp_rmem for a description.

sctp_wmem  - vector of 3 INTEGERs: min, default, max
	See tcp_wmem for a description.

1442 1443 1444 1445 1446 1447 1448 1449 1450 1451
addr_scope_policy - INTEGER
	Control IPv4 address scoping - draft-stewart-tsvwg-sctp-ipv4-00

	0   - Disable IPv4 address scoping
	1   - Enable IPv4 address scoping
	2   - Follow draft but allow IPv4 private addresses
	3   - Follow draft but allow IPv4 link local addresses

	Default: 1

Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
1452

1453
/proc/sys/net/core/*
1454 1455 1456 1457 1458
dev_weight - INTEGER
	The maximum number of packets that kernel can handle on a NAPI
	interrupt, it's a Per-CPU variable.

	Default: 64
1459 1460

/proc/sys/net/unix/*
1461 1462 1463 1464 1465 1466 1467
max_dgram_qlen - INTEGER
	The maximum length of dgram socket receive queue

	Default: 10


UNDOCUMENTED:
1468 1469 1470 1471 1472 1473 1474 1475 1476 1477 1478 1479 1480

/proc/sys/net/irda/*
	fast_poll_increase FIXME
	warn_noreply_time FIXME
	discovery_slots FIXME
	slot_timeout FIXME
	max_baud_rate FIXME
	discovery_timeout FIXME
	lap_keepalive_time FIXME
	max_noreply_time FIXME
	max_tx_data_size FIXME
	max_tx_window FIXME
	min_tx_turn_time FIXME