scsi_lib.c 54.1 KB
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/*
 *  scsi_lib.c Copyright (C) 1999 Eric Youngdale
 *
 *  SCSI queueing library.
 *      Initial versions: Eric Youngdale (eric@andante.org).
 *                        Based upon conversations with large numbers
 *                        of people at Linux Expo.
 */

#include <linux/bio.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
#include <linux/completion.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/mempool.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/pci.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>

#include <scsi/scsi.h>
#include <scsi/scsi_dbg.h>
#include <scsi/scsi_device.h>
#include <scsi/scsi_driver.h>
#include <scsi/scsi_eh.h>
#include <scsi/scsi_host.h>
#include <scsi/scsi_request.h>

#include "scsi_priv.h"
#include "scsi_logging.h"


#define SG_MEMPOOL_NR		(sizeof(scsi_sg_pools)/sizeof(struct scsi_host_sg_pool))
#define SG_MEMPOOL_SIZE		32

struct scsi_host_sg_pool {
	size_t		size;
	char		*name; 
	kmem_cache_t	*slab;
	mempool_t	*pool;
};

#if (SCSI_MAX_PHYS_SEGMENTS < 32)
#error SCSI_MAX_PHYS_SEGMENTS is too small
#endif

#define SP(x) { x, "sgpool-" #x } 
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static struct scsi_host_sg_pool scsi_sg_pools[] = {
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	SP(8),
	SP(16),
	SP(32),
#if (SCSI_MAX_PHYS_SEGMENTS > 32)
	SP(64),
#if (SCSI_MAX_PHYS_SEGMENTS > 64)
	SP(128),
#if (SCSI_MAX_PHYS_SEGMENTS > 128)
	SP(256),
#if (SCSI_MAX_PHYS_SEGMENTS > 256)
#error SCSI_MAX_PHYS_SEGMENTS is too large
#endif
#endif
#endif
#endif
}; 	
#undef SP


/*
 * Function:    scsi_insert_special_req()
 *
 * Purpose:     Insert pre-formed request into request queue.
 *
 * Arguments:   sreq	- request that is ready to be queued.
 *              at_head	- boolean.  True if we should insert at head
 *                        of queue, false if we should insert at tail.
 *
 * Lock status: Assumed that lock is not held upon entry.
 *
 * Returns:     Nothing
 *
 * Notes:       This function is called from character device and from
 *              ioctl types of functions where the caller knows exactly
 *              what SCSI command needs to be issued.   The idea is that
 *              we merely inject the command into the queue (at the head
 *              for now), and then call the queue request function to actually
 *              process it.
 */
int scsi_insert_special_req(struct scsi_request *sreq, int at_head)
{
	/*
	 * Because users of this function are apt to reuse requests with no
	 * modification, we have to sanitise the request flags here
	 */
	sreq->sr_request->flags &= ~REQ_DONTPREP;
	blk_insert_request(sreq->sr_device->request_queue, sreq->sr_request,
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		       	   at_head, sreq);
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	return 0;
}

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static void scsi_run_queue(struct request_queue *q);

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/*
 * Function:    scsi_queue_insert()
 *
 * Purpose:     Insert a command in the midlevel queue.
 *
 * Arguments:   cmd    - command that we are adding to queue.
 *              reason - why we are inserting command to queue.
 *
 * Lock status: Assumed that lock is not held upon entry.
 *
 * Returns:     Nothing.
 *
 * Notes:       We do this for one of two cases.  Either the host is busy
 *              and it cannot accept any more commands for the time being,
 *              or the device returned QUEUE_FULL and can accept no more
 *              commands.
 * Notes:       This could be called either from an interrupt context or a
 *              normal process context.
 */
int scsi_queue_insert(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd, int reason)
{
	struct Scsi_Host *host = cmd->device->host;
	struct scsi_device *device = cmd->device;
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	struct request_queue *q = device->request_queue;
	unsigned long flags;
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	SCSI_LOG_MLQUEUE(1,
		 printk("Inserting command %p into mlqueue\n", cmd));

	/*
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	 * Set the appropriate busy bit for the device/host.
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	 *
	 * If the host/device isn't busy, assume that something actually
	 * completed, and that we should be able to queue a command now.
	 *
	 * Note that the prior mid-layer assumption that any host could
	 * always queue at least one command is now broken.  The mid-layer
	 * will implement a user specifiable stall (see
	 * scsi_host.max_host_blocked and scsi_device.max_device_blocked)
	 * if a command is requeued with no other commands outstanding
	 * either for the device or for the host.
	 */
	if (reason == SCSI_MLQUEUE_HOST_BUSY)
		host->host_blocked = host->max_host_blocked;
	else if (reason == SCSI_MLQUEUE_DEVICE_BUSY)
		device->device_blocked = device->max_device_blocked;

	/*
	 * Decrement the counters, since these commands are no longer
	 * active on the host/device.
	 */
	scsi_device_unbusy(device);

	/*
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	 * Requeue this command.  It will go before all other commands
	 * that are already in the queue.
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	 *
	 * NOTE: there is magic here about the way the queue is plugged if
	 * we have no outstanding commands.
	 * 
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	 * Although we *don't* plug the queue, we call the request
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	 * function.  The SCSI request function detects the blocked condition
	 * and plugs the queue appropriately.
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         */
	spin_lock_irqsave(q->queue_lock, flags);
	blk_requeue_request(q, cmd->request);
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(q->queue_lock, flags);

	scsi_run_queue(q);

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	return 0;
}

/*
 * Function:    scsi_do_req
 *
 * Purpose:     Queue a SCSI request
 *
 * Arguments:   sreq	  - command descriptor.
 *              cmnd      - actual SCSI command to be performed.
 *              buffer    - data buffer.
 *              bufflen   - size of data buffer.
 *              done      - completion function to be run.
 *              timeout   - how long to let it run before timeout.
 *              retries   - number of retries we allow.
 *
 * Lock status: No locks held upon entry.
 *
 * Returns:     Nothing.
 *
 * Notes:	This function is only used for queueing requests for things
 *		like ioctls and character device requests - this is because
 *		we essentially just inject a request into the queue for the
 *		device.
 *
 *		In order to support the scsi_device_quiesce function, we
 *		now inject requests on the *head* of the device queue
 *		rather than the tail.
 */
void scsi_do_req(struct scsi_request *sreq, const void *cmnd,
		 void *buffer, unsigned bufflen,
		 void (*done)(struct scsi_cmnd *),
		 int timeout, int retries)
{
	/*
	 * If the upper level driver is reusing these things, then
	 * we should release the low-level block now.  Another one will
	 * be allocated later when this request is getting queued.
	 */
	__scsi_release_request(sreq);

	/*
	 * Our own function scsi_done (which marks the host as not busy,
	 * disables the timeout counter, etc) will be called by us or by the
	 * scsi_hosts[host].queuecommand() function needs to also call
	 * the completion function for the high level driver.
	 */
	memcpy(sreq->sr_cmnd, cmnd, sizeof(sreq->sr_cmnd));
	sreq->sr_bufflen = bufflen;
	sreq->sr_buffer = buffer;
	sreq->sr_allowed = retries;
	sreq->sr_done = done;
	sreq->sr_timeout_per_command = timeout;

	if (sreq->sr_cmd_len == 0)
		sreq->sr_cmd_len = COMMAND_SIZE(sreq->sr_cmnd[0]);

	/*
	 * head injection *required* here otherwise quiesce won't work
	 */
	scsi_insert_special_req(sreq, 1);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(scsi_do_req);

/* This is the end routine we get to if a command was never attached
 * to the request.  Simply complete the request without changing
 * rq_status; this will cause a DRIVER_ERROR. */
static void scsi_wait_req_end_io(struct request *req)
{
	BUG_ON(!req->waiting);

	complete(req->waiting);
}

void scsi_wait_req(struct scsi_request *sreq, const void *cmnd, void *buffer,
		   unsigned bufflen, int timeout, int retries)
{
	DECLARE_COMPLETION(wait);
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	int write = (sreq->sr_data_direction == DMA_TO_DEVICE);
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	struct request *req;

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	req = blk_get_request(sreq->sr_device->request_queue, write,
			      __GFP_WAIT);
	if (bufflen && blk_rq_map_kern(sreq->sr_device->request_queue, req,
				       buffer, bufflen, __GFP_WAIT)) {
		sreq->sr_result = DRIVER_ERROR << 24;
		blk_put_request(req);
		return;
	}

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	req->flags |= REQ_NOMERGE;
	req->waiting = &wait;
	req->end_io = scsi_wait_req_end_io;
	req->cmd_len = COMMAND_SIZE(((u8 *)cmnd)[0]);
	req->sense = sreq->sr_sense_buffer;
	req->sense_len = 0;
	memcpy(req->cmd, cmnd, req->cmd_len);
	req->timeout = timeout;
	req->flags |= REQ_BLOCK_PC;
	req->rq_disk = NULL;
	blk_insert_request(sreq->sr_device->request_queue, req,
			   sreq->sr_data_direction == DMA_TO_DEVICE, NULL);
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	wait_for_completion(&wait);
	sreq->sr_request->waiting = NULL;
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	sreq->sr_result = req->errors;
	if (req->errors)
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		sreq->sr_result |= (DRIVER_ERROR << 24);

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	blk_put_request(req);
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}
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EXPORT_SYMBOL(scsi_wait_req);

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/**
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 * scsi_execute - insert request and wait for the result
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 * @sdev:	scsi device
 * @cmd:	scsi command
 * @data_direction: data direction
 * @buffer:	data buffer
 * @bufflen:	len of buffer
 * @sense:	optional sense buffer
 * @timeout:	request timeout in seconds
 * @retries:	number of times to retry request
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 * @flags:	or into request flags;
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 *
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 * returns the req->errors value which is the the scsi_cmnd result
 * field.
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 **/
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int scsi_execute(struct scsi_device *sdev, const unsigned char *cmd,
		 int data_direction, void *buffer, unsigned bufflen,
		 unsigned char *sense, int timeout, int retries, int flags)
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{
	struct request *req;
	int write = (data_direction == DMA_TO_DEVICE);
	int ret = DRIVER_ERROR << 24;

	req = blk_get_request(sdev->request_queue, write, __GFP_WAIT);

	if (bufflen &&	blk_rq_map_kern(sdev->request_queue, req,
					buffer, bufflen, __GFP_WAIT))
		goto out;

	req->cmd_len = COMMAND_SIZE(cmd[0]);
	memcpy(req->cmd, cmd, req->cmd_len);
	req->sense = sense;
	req->sense_len = 0;
	req->timeout = timeout;
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	req->flags |= flags | REQ_BLOCK_PC | REQ_SPECIAL;
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	/*
	 * head injection *required* here otherwise quiesce won't work
	 */
	blk_execute_rq(req->q, NULL, req, 1);

	ret = req->errors;
 out:
	blk_put_request(req);

	return ret;
}
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EXPORT_SYMBOL(scsi_execute);
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int scsi_execute_req(struct scsi_device *sdev, const unsigned char *cmd,
		     int data_direction, void *buffer, unsigned bufflen,
		     struct scsi_sense_hdr *sshdr, int timeout, int retries)
{
	char *sense = NULL;
		
	if (sshdr) {
		sense = kmalloc(SCSI_SENSE_BUFFERSIZE, GFP_KERNEL);
		if (!sense)
			return DRIVER_ERROR << 24;
		memset(sense, 0, sizeof(*sense));
	}
	int result = scsi_execute(sdev, cmd, data_direction, buffer, bufflen,
				  sense, timeout, retries, 0);
	if (sshdr)
		scsi_normalize_sense(sense, sizeof(*sense), sshdr);

	kfree(sense);
	return result;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(scsi_execute_req);

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/*
 * Function:    scsi_init_cmd_errh()
 *
 * Purpose:     Initialize cmd fields related to error handling.
 *
 * Arguments:   cmd	- command that is ready to be queued.
 *
 * Returns:     Nothing
 *
 * Notes:       This function has the job of initializing a number of
 *              fields related to error handling.   Typically this will
 *              be called once for each command, as required.
 */
static int scsi_init_cmd_errh(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd)
{
	cmd->serial_number = 0;

	memset(cmd->sense_buffer, 0, sizeof cmd->sense_buffer);

	if (cmd->cmd_len == 0)
		cmd->cmd_len = COMMAND_SIZE(cmd->cmnd[0]);

	/*
	 * We need saved copies of a number of fields - this is because
	 * error handling may need to overwrite these with different values
	 * to run different commands, and once error handling is complete,
	 * we will need to restore these values prior to running the actual
	 * command.
	 */
	cmd->old_use_sg = cmd->use_sg;
	cmd->old_cmd_len = cmd->cmd_len;
	cmd->sc_old_data_direction = cmd->sc_data_direction;
	cmd->old_underflow = cmd->underflow;
	memcpy(cmd->data_cmnd, cmd->cmnd, sizeof(cmd->cmnd));
	cmd->buffer = cmd->request_buffer;
	cmd->bufflen = cmd->request_bufflen;

	return 1;
}

/*
 * Function:   scsi_setup_cmd_retry()
 *
 * Purpose:    Restore the command state for a retry
 *
 * Arguments:  cmd	- command to be restored
 *
 * Returns:    Nothing
 *
 * Notes:      Immediately prior to retrying a command, we need
 *             to restore certain fields that we saved above.
 */
void scsi_setup_cmd_retry(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd)
{
	memcpy(cmd->cmnd, cmd->data_cmnd, sizeof(cmd->data_cmnd));
	cmd->request_buffer = cmd->buffer;
	cmd->request_bufflen = cmd->bufflen;
	cmd->use_sg = cmd->old_use_sg;
	cmd->cmd_len = cmd->old_cmd_len;
	cmd->sc_data_direction = cmd->sc_old_data_direction;
	cmd->underflow = cmd->old_underflow;
}

void scsi_device_unbusy(struct scsi_device *sdev)
{
	struct Scsi_Host *shost = sdev->host;
	unsigned long flags;

	spin_lock_irqsave(shost->host_lock, flags);
	shost->host_busy--;
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	if (unlikely((shost->shost_state == SHOST_RECOVERY) &&
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		     shost->host_failed))
		scsi_eh_wakeup(shost);
	spin_unlock(shost->host_lock);
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	spin_lock(sdev->request_queue->queue_lock);
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	sdev->device_busy--;
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	spin_unlock_irqrestore(sdev->request_queue->queue_lock, flags);
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}

/*
 * Called for single_lun devices on IO completion. Clear starget_sdev_user,
 * and call blk_run_queue for all the scsi_devices on the target -
 * including current_sdev first.
 *
 * Called with *no* scsi locks held.
 */
static void scsi_single_lun_run(struct scsi_device *current_sdev)
{
	struct Scsi_Host *shost = current_sdev->host;
	struct scsi_device *sdev, *tmp;
	struct scsi_target *starget = scsi_target(current_sdev);
	unsigned long flags;

	spin_lock_irqsave(shost->host_lock, flags);
	starget->starget_sdev_user = NULL;
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(shost->host_lock, flags);

	/*
	 * Call blk_run_queue for all LUNs on the target, starting with
	 * current_sdev. We race with others (to set starget_sdev_user),
	 * but in most cases, we will be first. Ideally, each LU on the
	 * target would get some limited time or requests on the target.
	 */
	blk_run_queue(current_sdev->request_queue);

	spin_lock_irqsave(shost->host_lock, flags);
	if (starget->starget_sdev_user)
		goto out;
	list_for_each_entry_safe(sdev, tmp, &starget->devices,
			same_target_siblings) {
		if (sdev == current_sdev)
			continue;
		if (scsi_device_get(sdev))
			continue;

		spin_unlock_irqrestore(shost->host_lock, flags);
		blk_run_queue(sdev->request_queue);
		spin_lock_irqsave(shost->host_lock, flags);
	
		scsi_device_put(sdev);
	}
 out:
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(shost->host_lock, flags);
}

/*
 * Function:	scsi_run_queue()
 *
 * Purpose:	Select a proper request queue to serve next
 *
 * Arguments:	q	- last request's queue
 *
 * Returns:     Nothing
 *
 * Notes:	The previous command was completely finished, start
 *		a new one if possible.
 */
static void scsi_run_queue(struct request_queue *q)
{
	struct scsi_device *sdev = q->queuedata;
	struct Scsi_Host *shost = sdev->host;
	unsigned long flags;

	if (sdev->single_lun)
		scsi_single_lun_run(sdev);

	spin_lock_irqsave(shost->host_lock, flags);
	while (!list_empty(&shost->starved_list) &&
	       !shost->host_blocked && !shost->host_self_blocked &&
		!((shost->can_queue > 0) &&
		  (shost->host_busy >= shost->can_queue))) {
		/*
		 * As long as shost is accepting commands and we have
		 * starved queues, call blk_run_queue. scsi_request_fn
		 * drops the queue_lock and can add us back to the
		 * starved_list.
		 *
		 * host_lock protects the starved_list and starved_entry.
		 * scsi_request_fn must get the host_lock before checking
		 * or modifying starved_list or starved_entry.
		 */
		sdev = list_entry(shost->starved_list.next,
					  struct scsi_device, starved_entry);
		list_del_init(&sdev->starved_entry);
		spin_unlock_irqrestore(shost->host_lock, flags);

		blk_run_queue(sdev->request_queue);

		spin_lock_irqsave(shost->host_lock, flags);
		if (unlikely(!list_empty(&sdev->starved_entry)))
			/*
			 * sdev lost a race, and was put back on the
			 * starved list. This is unlikely but without this
			 * in theory we could loop forever.
			 */
			break;
	}
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(shost->host_lock, flags);

	blk_run_queue(q);
}

/*
 * Function:	scsi_requeue_command()
 *
 * Purpose:	Handle post-processing of completed commands.
 *
 * Arguments:	q	- queue to operate on
 *		cmd	- command that may need to be requeued.
 *
 * Returns:	Nothing
 *
 * Notes:	After command completion, there may be blocks left
 *		over which weren't finished by the previous command
 *		this can be for a number of reasons - the main one is
 *		I/O errors in the middle of the request, in which case
 *		we need to request the blocks that come after the bad
 *		sector.
 */
static void scsi_requeue_command(struct request_queue *q, struct scsi_cmnd *cmd)
{
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	unsigned long flags;

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	cmd->request->flags &= ~REQ_DONTPREP;
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	spin_lock_irqsave(q->queue_lock, flags);
	blk_requeue_request(q, cmd->request);
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(q->queue_lock, flags);
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	scsi_run_queue(q);
}

void scsi_next_command(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd)
{
	struct request_queue *q = cmd->device->request_queue;

	scsi_put_command(cmd);
	scsi_run_queue(q);
}

void scsi_run_host_queues(struct Scsi_Host *shost)
{
	struct scsi_device *sdev;

	shost_for_each_device(sdev, shost)
		scsi_run_queue(sdev->request_queue);
}

/*
 * Function:    scsi_end_request()
 *
 * Purpose:     Post-processing of completed commands (usually invoked at end
 *		of upper level post-processing and scsi_io_completion).
 *
 * Arguments:   cmd	 - command that is complete.
 *              uptodate - 1 if I/O indicates success, <= 0 for I/O error.
 *              bytes    - number of bytes of completed I/O
 *		requeue  - indicates whether we should requeue leftovers.
 *
 * Lock status: Assumed that lock is not held upon entry.
 *
 * Returns:     cmd if requeue done or required, NULL otherwise
 *
 * Notes:       This is called for block device requests in order to
 *              mark some number of sectors as complete.
 * 
 *		We are guaranteeing that the request queue will be goosed
 *		at some point during this call.
 */
static struct scsi_cmnd *scsi_end_request(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd, int uptodate,
					  int bytes, int requeue)
{
	request_queue_t *q = cmd->device->request_queue;
	struct request *req = cmd->request;
	unsigned long flags;

	/*
	 * If there are blocks left over at the end, set up the command
	 * to queue the remainder of them.
	 */
	if (end_that_request_chunk(req, uptodate, bytes)) {
		int leftover = (req->hard_nr_sectors << 9);

		if (blk_pc_request(req))
			leftover = req->data_len;

		/* kill remainder if no retrys */
		if (!uptodate && blk_noretry_request(req))
			end_that_request_chunk(req, 0, leftover);
		else {
			if (requeue)
				/*
				 * Bleah.  Leftovers again.  Stick the
				 * leftovers in the front of the
				 * queue, and goose the queue again.
				 */
				scsi_requeue_command(q, cmd);

			return cmd;
		}
	}

	add_disk_randomness(req->rq_disk);

	spin_lock_irqsave(q->queue_lock, flags);
	if (blk_rq_tagged(req))
		blk_queue_end_tag(q, req);
	end_that_request_last(req);
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(q->queue_lock, flags);

	/*
	 * This will goose the queue request function at the end, so we don't
	 * need to worry about launching another command.
	 */
	scsi_next_command(cmd);
	return NULL;
}

static struct scatterlist *scsi_alloc_sgtable(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd, int gfp_mask)
{
	struct scsi_host_sg_pool *sgp;
	struct scatterlist *sgl;

	BUG_ON(!cmd->use_sg);

	switch (cmd->use_sg) {
	case 1 ... 8:
		cmd->sglist_len = 0;
		break;
	case 9 ... 16:
		cmd->sglist_len = 1;
		break;
	case 17 ... 32:
		cmd->sglist_len = 2;
		break;
#if (SCSI_MAX_PHYS_SEGMENTS > 32)
	case 33 ... 64:
		cmd->sglist_len = 3;
		break;
#if (SCSI_MAX_PHYS_SEGMENTS > 64)
	case 65 ... 128:
		cmd->sglist_len = 4;
		break;
#if (SCSI_MAX_PHYS_SEGMENTS  > 128)
	case 129 ... 256:
		cmd->sglist_len = 5;
		break;
#endif
#endif
#endif
	default:
		return NULL;
	}

	sgp = scsi_sg_pools + cmd->sglist_len;
	sgl = mempool_alloc(sgp->pool, gfp_mask);
	return sgl;
}

static void scsi_free_sgtable(struct scatterlist *sgl, int index)
{
	struct scsi_host_sg_pool *sgp;

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	BUG_ON(index >= SG_MEMPOOL_NR);
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	sgp = scsi_sg_pools + index;
	mempool_free(sgl, sgp->pool);
}

/*
 * Function:    scsi_release_buffers()
 *
 * Purpose:     Completion processing for block device I/O requests.
 *
 * Arguments:   cmd	- command that we are bailing.
 *
 * Lock status: Assumed that no lock is held upon entry.
 *
 * Returns:     Nothing
 *
 * Notes:       In the event that an upper level driver rejects a
 *		command, we must release resources allocated during
 *		the __init_io() function.  Primarily this would involve
 *		the scatter-gather table, and potentially any bounce
 *		buffers.
 */
static void scsi_release_buffers(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd)
{
	struct request *req = cmd->request;

	/*
	 * Free up any indirection buffers we allocated for DMA purposes. 
	 */
	if (cmd->use_sg)
		scsi_free_sgtable(cmd->request_buffer, cmd->sglist_len);
	else if (cmd->request_buffer != req->buffer)
		kfree(cmd->request_buffer);

	/*
	 * Zero these out.  They now point to freed memory, and it is
	 * dangerous to hang onto the pointers.
	 */
	cmd->buffer  = NULL;
	cmd->bufflen = 0;
	cmd->request_buffer = NULL;
	cmd->request_bufflen = 0;
}

/*
 * Function:    scsi_io_completion()
 *
 * Purpose:     Completion processing for block device I/O requests.
 *
 * Arguments:   cmd   - command that is finished.
 *
 * Lock status: Assumed that no lock is held upon entry.
 *
 * Returns:     Nothing
 *
 * Notes:       This function is matched in terms of capabilities to
 *              the function that created the scatter-gather list.
 *              In other words, if there are no bounce buffers
 *              (the normal case for most drivers), we don't need
 *              the logic to deal with cleaning up afterwards.
 *
 *		We must do one of several things here:
 *
 *		a) Call scsi_end_request.  This will finish off the
 *		   specified number of sectors.  If we are done, the
 *		   command block will be released, and the queue
 *		   function will be goosed.  If we are not done, then
 *		   scsi_end_request will directly goose the queue.
 *
 *		b) We can just use scsi_requeue_command() here.  This would
 *		   be used if we just wanted to retry, for example.
 */
void scsi_io_completion(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd, unsigned int good_bytes,
			unsigned int block_bytes)
{
	int result = cmd->result;
	int this_count = cmd->bufflen;
	request_queue_t *q = cmd->device->request_queue;
	struct request *req = cmd->request;
	int clear_errors = 1;
	struct scsi_sense_hdr sshdr;
	int sense_valid = 0;
	int sense_deferred = 0;

	if (blk_complete_barrier_rq(q, req, good_bytes >> 9))
		return;

	/*
	 * Free up any indirection buffers we allocated for DMA purposes. 
	 * For the case of a READ, we need to copy the data out of the
	 * bounce buffer and into the real buffer.
	 */
	if (cmd->use_sg)
		scsi_free_sgtable(cmd->buffer, cmd->sglist_len);
	else if (cmd->buffer != req->buffer) {
		if (rq_data_dir(req) == READ) {
			unsigned long flags;
			char *to = bio_kmap_irq(req->bio, &flags);
			memcpy(to, cmd->buffer, cmd->bufflen);
			bio_kunmap_irq(to, &flags);
		}
		kfree(cmd->buffer);
	}

	if (result) {
		sense_valid = scsi_command_normalize_sense(cmd, &sshdr);
		if (sense_valid)
			sense_deferred = scsi_sense_is_deferred(&sshdr);
	}
	if (blk_pc_request(req)) { /* SG_IO ioctl from block level */
		req->errors = result;
		if (result) {
			clear_errors = 0;
			if (sense_valid && req->sense) {
				/*
				 * SG_IO wants current and deferred errors
				 */
				int len = 8 + cmd->sense_buffer[7];

				if (len > SCSI_SENSE_BUFFERSIZE)
					len = SCSI_SENSE_BUFFERSIZE;
				memcpy(req->sense, cmd->sense_buffer,  len);
				req->sense_len = len;
			}
		} else
			req->data_len = cmd->resid;
	}

	/*
	 * Zero these out.  They now point to freed memory, and it is
	 * dangerous to hang onto the pointers.
	 */
	cmd->buffer  = NULL;
	cmd->bufflen = 0;
	cmd->request_buffer = NULL;
	cmd->request_bufflen = 0;

	/*
	 * Next deal with any sectors which we were able to correctly
	 * handle.
	 */
	if (good_bytes >= 0) {
		SCSI_LOG_HLCOMPLETE(1, printk("%ld sectors total, %d bytes done.\n",
					      req->nr_sectors, good_bytes));
		SCSI_LOG_HLCOMPLETE(1, printk("use_sg is %d\n", cmd->use_sg));

		if (clear_errors)
			req->errors = 0;
		/*
		 * If multiple sectors are requested in one buffer, then
		 * they will have been finished off by the first command.
		 * If not, then we have a multi-buffer command.
		 *
		 * If block_bytes != 0, it means we had a medium error
		 * of some sort, and that we want to mark some number of
		 * sectors as not uptodate.  Thus we want to inhibit
		 * requeueing right here - we will requeue down below
		 * when we handle the bad sectors.
		 */
		cmd = scsi_end_request(cmd, 1, good_bytes, result == 0);

		/*
		 * If the command completed without error, then either finish off the
		 * rest of the command, or start a new one.
		 */
		if (result == 0 || cmd == NULL ) {
			return;
		}
	}
	/*
	 * Now, if we were good little boys and girls, Santa left us a request
	 * sense buffer.  We can extract information from this, so we
	 * can choose a block to remap, etc.
	 */
	if (sense_valid && !sense_deferred) {
		switch (sshdr.sense_key) {
		case UNIT_ATTENTION:
			if (cmd->device->removable) {
				/* detected disc change.  set a bit 
				 * and quietly refuse further access.
				 */
				cmd->device->changed = 1;
				cmd = scsi_end_request(cmd, 0,
						this_count, 1);
				return;
			} else {
				/*
				* Must have been a power glitch, or a
				* bus reset.  Could not have been a
				* media change, so we just retry the
				* request and see what happens.  
				*/
				scsi_requeue_command(q, cmd);
				return;
			}
			break;
		case ILLEGAL_REQUEST:
			/*
		 	* If we had an ILLEGAL REQUEST returned, then we may
		 	* have performed an unsupported command.  The only
		 	* thing this should be would be a ten byte read where
			* only a six byte read was supported.  Also, on a
			* system where READ CAPACITY failed, we may have read
			* past the end of the disk.
		 	*/
			if (cmd->device->use_10_for_rw &&
			    (cmd->cmnd[0] == READ_10 ||
			     cmd->cmnd[0] == WRITE_10)) {
				cmd->device->use_10_for_rw = 0;
				/*
				 * This will cause a retry with a 6-byte
				 * command.
				 */
				scsi_requeue_command(q, cmd);
				result = 0;
			} else {
				cmd = scsi_end_request(cmd, 0, this_count, 1);
				return;
			}
			break;
		case NOT_READY:
			/*
			 * If the device is in the process of becoming ready,
			 * retry.
			 */
			if (sshdr.asc == 0x04 && sshdr.ascq == 0x01) {
				scsi_requeue_command(q, cmd);
				return;
			}
			printk(KERN_INFO "Device %s not ready.\n",
			       req->rq_disk ? req->rq_disk->disk_name : "");
			cmd = scsi_end_request(cmd, 0, this_count, 1);
			return;
		case VOLUME_OVERFLOW:
			printk(KERN_INFO "Volume overflow <%d %d %d %d> CDB: ",
			       cmd->device->host->host_no,
			       (int)cmd->device->channel,
			       (int)cmd->device->id, (int)cmd->device->lun);
			__scsi_print_command(cmd->data_cmnd);
			scsi_print_sense("", cmd);
			cmd = scsi_end_request(cmd, 0, block_bytes, 1);
			return;
		default:
			break;
		}
	}			/* driver byte != 0 */
	if (host_byte(result) == DID_RESET) {
		/*
		 * Third party bus reset or reset for error
		 * recovery reasons.  Just retry the request
		 * and see what happens.  
		 */
		scsi_requeue_command(q, cmd);
		return;
	}
	if (result) {
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		if (!(req->flags & REQ_SPECIAL))
			printk(KERN_INFO "SCSI error : <%d %d %d %d> return code "
			       "= 0x%x\n", cmd->device->host->host_no,
			       cmd->device->channel,
			       cmd->device->id,
			       cmd->device->lun, result);
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		if (driver_byte(result) & DRIVER_SENSE)
			scsi_print_sense("", cmd);
		/*
		 * Mark a single buffer as not uptodate.  Queue the remainder.
		 * We sometimes get this cruft in the event that a medium error
		 * isn't properly reported.
		 */
		block_bytes = req->hard_cur_sectors << 9;
		if (!block_bytes)
			block_bytes = req->data_len;
		cmd = scsi_end_request(cmd, 0, block_bytes, 1);
	}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(scsi_io_completion);

/*
 * Function:    scsi_init_io()
 *
 * Purpose:     SCSI I/O initialize function.
 *
 * Arguments:   cmd   - Command descriptor we wish to initialize
 *
 * Returns:     0 on success
 *		BLKPREP_DEFER if the failure is retryable
 *		BLKPREP_KILL if the failure is fatal
 */
static int scsi_init_io(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd)
{
	struct request     *req = cmd->request;
	struct scatterlist *sgpnt;
	int		   count;

	/*
	 * if this is a rq->data based REQ_BLOCK_PC, setup for a non-sg xfer
	 */
	if ((req->flags & REQ_BLOCK_PC) && !req->bio) {
		cmd->request_bufflen = req->data_len;
		cmd->request_buffer = req->data;
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