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kcore.c 9.25 KB
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/*
 *	fs/proc/kcore.c kernel ELF core dumper
 *
 *	Modelled on fs/exec.c:aout_core_dump()
 *	Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@sw.oz.au>
 *	ELF version written by David Howells <David.Howells@nexor.co.uk>
 *	Modified and incorporated into 2.3.x by Tigran Aivazian <tigran@veritas.com>
 *	Support to dump vmalloc'd areas (ELF only), Tigran Aivazian <tigran@veritas.com>
 *	Safe accesses to vmalloc/direct-mapped discontiguous areas, Kanoj Sarcar <kanoj@sgi.com>
 */

#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/proc_fs.h>
#include <linux/user.h>
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#include <linux/capability.h>
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#include <linux/elf.h>
#include <linux/elfcore.h>
#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/io.h>

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#define CORE_STR "CORE"
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#ifndef ELF_CORE_EFLAGS
#define ELF_CORE_EFLAGS	0
#endif

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static struct proc_dir_entry *proc_root_kcore;

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static int open_kcore(struct inode * inode, struct file * filp)
{
	return capable(CAP_SYS_RAWIO) ? 0 : -EPERM;
}

static ssize_t read_kcore(struct file *, char __user *, size_t, loff_t *);

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static const struct file_operations proc_kcore_operations = {
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	.read		= read_kcore,
	.open		= open_kcore,
};

#ifndef kc_vaddr_to_offset
#define	kc_vaddr_to_offset(v) ((v) - PAGE_OFFSET)
#endif
#ifndef	kc_offset_to_vaddr
#define	kc_offset_to_vaddr(o) ((o) + PAGE_OFFSET)
#endif

/* An ELF note in memory */
struct memelfnote
{
	const char *name;
	int type;
	unsigned int datasz;
	void *data;
};

static struct kcore_list *kclist;
static DEFINE_RWLOCK(kclist_lock);

void
kclist_add(struct kcore_list *new, void *addr, size_t size)
{
	new->addr = (unsigned long)addr;
	new->size = size;

	write_lock(&kclist_lock);
	new->next = kclist;
	kclist = new;
	write_unlock(&kclist_lock);
}

static size_t get_kcore_size(int *nphdr, size_t *elf_buflen)
{
	size_t try, size;
	struct kcore_list *m;

	*nphdr = 1; /* PT_NOTE */
	size = 0;

	for (m=kclist; m; m=m->next) {
		try = kc_vaddr_to_offset((size_t)m->addr + m->size);
		if (try > size)
			size = try;
		*nphdr = *nphdr + 1;
	}
	*elf_buflen =	sizeof(struct elfhdr) + 
			(*nphdr + 2)*sizeof(struct elf_phdr) + 
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			3 * ((sizeof(struct elf_note)) +
			     roundup(sizeof(CORE_STR), 4)) +
			roundup(sizeof(struct elf_prstatus), 4) +
			roundup(sizeof(struct elf_prpsinfo), 4) +
			roundup(sizeof(struct task_struct), 4);
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	*elf_buflen = PAGE_ALIGN(*elf_buflen);
	return size + *elf_buflen;
}


/*****************************************************************************/
/*
 * determine size of ELF note
 */
static int notesize(struct memelfnote *en)
{
	int sz;

	sz = sizeof(struct elf_note);
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	sz += roundup((strlen(en->name) + 1), 4);
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	sz += roundup(en->datasz, 4);

	return sz;
} /* end notesize() */

/*****************************************************************************/
/*
 * store a note in the header buffer
 */
static char *storenote(struct memelfnote *men, char *bufp)
{
	struct elf_note en;

#define DUMP_WRITE(addr,nr) do { memcpy(bufp,addr,nr); bufp += nr; } while(0)

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	en.n_namesz = strlen(men->name) + 1;
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	en.n_descsz = men->datasz;
	en.n_type = men->type;

	DUMP_WRITE(&en, sizeof(en));
	DUMP_WRITE(men->name, en.n_namesz);

	/* XXX - cast from long long to long to avoid need for libgcc.a */
	bufp = (char*) roundup((unsigned long)bufp,4);
	DUMP_WRITE(men->data, men->datasz);
	bufp = (char*) roundup((unsigned long)bufp,4);

#undef DUMP_WRITE

	return bufp;
} /* end storenote() */

/*
 * store an ELF coredump header in the supplied buffer
 * nphdr is the number of elf_phdr to insert
 */
static void elf_kcore_store_hdr(char *bufp, int nphdr, int dataoff)
{
	struct elf_prstatus prstatus;	/* NT_PRSTATUS */
	struct elf_prpsinfo prpsinfo;	/* NT_PRPSINFO */
	struct elf_phdr *nhdr, *phdr;
	struct elfhdr *elf;
	struct memelfnote notes[3];
	off_t offset = 0;
	struct kcore_list *m;

	/* setup ELF header */
	elf = (struct elfhdr *) bufp;
	bufp += sizeof(struct elfhdr);
	offset += sizeof(struct elfhdr);
	memcpy(elf->e_ident, ELFMAG, SELFMAG);
	elf->e_ident[EI_CLASS]	= ELF_CLASS;
	elf->e_ident[EI_DATA]	= ELF_DATA;
	elf->e_ident[EI_VERSION]= EV_CURRENT;
	elf->e_ident[EI_OSABI] = ELF_OSABI;
	memset(elf->e_ident+EI_PAD, 0, EI_NIDENT-EI_PAD);
	elf->e_type	= ET_CORE;
	elf->e_machine	= ELF_ARCH;
	elf->e_version	= EV_CURRENT;
	elf->e_entry	= 0;
	elf->e_phoff	= sizeof(struct elfhdr);
	elf->e_shoff	= 0;
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	elf->e_flags	= ELF_CORE_EFLAGS;
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	elf->e_ehsize	= sizeof(struct elfhdr);
	elf->e_phentsize= sizeof(struct elf_phdr);
	elf->e_phnum	= nphdr;
	elf->e_shentsize= 0;
	elf->e_shnum	= 0;
	elf->e_shstrndx	= 0;

	/* setup ELF PT_NOTE program header */
	nhdr = (struct elf_phdr *) bufp;
	bufp += sizeof(struct elf_phdr);
	offset += sizeof(struct elf_phdr);
	nhdr->p_type	= PT_NOTE;
	nhdr->p_offset	= 0;
	nhdr->p_vaddr	= 0;
	nhdr->p_paddr	= 0;
	nhdr->p_filesz	= 0;
	nhdr->p_memsz	= 0;
	nhdr->p_flags	= 0;
	nhdr->p_align	= 0;

	/* setup ELF PT_LOAD program header for every area */
	for (m=kclist; m; m=m->next) {
		phdr = (struct elf_phdr *) bufp;
		bufp += sizeof(struct elf_phdr);
		offset += sizeof(struct elf_phdr);

		phdr->p_type	= PT_LOAD;
		phdr->p_flags	= PF_R|PF_W|PF_X;
		phdr->p_offset	= kc_vaddr_to_offset(m->addr) + dataoff;
		phdr->p_vaddr	= (size_t)m->addr;
		phdr->p_paddr	= 0;
		phdr->p_filesz	= phdr->p_memsz	= m->size;
		phdr->p_align	= PAGE_SIZE;
	}

	/*
	 * Set up the notes in similar form to SVR4 core dumps made
	 * with info from their /proc.
	 */
	nhdr->p_offset	= offset;

	/* set up the process status */
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	notes[0].name = CORE_STR;
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	notes[0].type = NT_PRSTATUS;
	notes[0].datasz = sizeof(struct elf_prstatus);
	notes[0].data = &prstatus;

	memset(&prstatus, 0, sizeof(struct elf_prstatus));

	nhdr->p_filesz	= notesize(&notes[0]);
	bufp = storenote(&notes[0], bufp);

	/* set up the process info */
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	notes[1].name	= CORE_STR;
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	notes[1].type	= NT_PRPSINFO;
	notes[1].datasz	= sizeof(struct elf_prpsinfo);
	notes[1].data	= &prpsinfo;

	memset(&prpsinfo, 0, sizeof(struct elf_prpsinfo));
	prpsinfo.pr_state	= 0;
	prpsinfo.pr_sname	= 'R';
	prpsinfo.pr_zomb	= 0;

	strcpy(prpsinfo.pr_fname, "vmlinux");
	strncpy(prpsinfo.pr_psargs, saved_command_line, ELF_PRARGSZ);

	nhdr->p_filesz	+= notesize(&notes[1]);
	bufp = storenote(&notes[1], bufp);

	/* set up the task structure */
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	notes[2].name	= CORE_STR;
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	notes[2].type	= NT_TASKSTRUCT;
	notes[2].datasz	= sizeof(struct task_struct);
	notes[2].data	= current;

	nhdr->p_filesz	+= notesize(&notes[2]);
	bufp = storenote(&notes[2], bufp);

} /* end elf_kcore_store_hdr() */

/*****************************************************************************/
/*
 * read from the ELF header and then kernel memory
 */
static ssize_t
read_kcore(struct file *file, char __user *buffer, size_t buflen, loff_t *fpos)
{
	ssize_t acc = 0;
	size_t size, tsz;
	size_t elf_buflen;
	int nphdr;
	unsigned long start;

	read_lock(&kclist_lock);
	proc_root_kcore->size = size = get_kcore_size(&nphdr, &elf_buflen);
	if (buflen == 0 || *fpos >= size) {
		read_unlock(&kclist_lock);
		return 0;
	}

	/* trim buflen to not go beyond EOF */
	if (buflen > size - *fpos)
		buflen = size - *fpos;

	/* construct an ELF core header if we'll need some of it */
	if (*fpos < elf_buflen) {
		char * elf_buf;

		tsz = elf_buflen - *fpos;
		if (buflen < tsz)
			tsz = buflen;
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		elf_buf = kzalloc(elf_buflen, GFP_ATOMIC);
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		if (!elf_buf) {
			read_unlock(&kclist_lock);
			return -ENOMEM;
		}
		elf_kcore_store_hdr(elf_buf, nphdr, elf_buflen);
		read_unlock(&kclist_lock);
		if (copy_to_user(buffer, elf_buf + *fpos, tsz)) {
			kfree(elf_buf);
			return -EFAULT;
		}
		kfree(elf_buf);
		buflen -= tsz;
		*fpos += tsz;
		buffer += tsz;
		acc += tsz;

		/* leave now if filled buffer already */
		if (buflen == 0)
			return acc;
	} else
		read_unlock(&kclist_lock);

	/*
	 * Check to see if our file offset matches with any of
	 * the addresses in the elf_phdr on our list.
	 */
	start = kc_offset_to_vaddr(*fpos - elf_buflen);
	if ((tsz = (PAGE_SIZE - (start & ~PAGE_MASK))) > buflen)
		tsz = buflen;
		
	while (buflen) {
		struct kcore_list *m;

		read_lock(&kclist_lock);
		for (m=kclist; m; m=m->next) {
			if (start >= m->addr && start < (m->addr+m->size))
				break;
		}
		read_unlock(&kclist_lock);

		if (m == NULL) {
			if (clear_user(buffer, tsz))
				return -EFAULT;
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		} else if (is_vmalloc_addr((void *)start)) {
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			char * elf_buf;

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			elf_buf = kzalloc(tsz, GFP_KERNEL);
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			if (!elf_buf)
				return -ENOMEM;
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			vread(elf_buf, (char *)start, tsz);
			/* we have to zero-fill user buffer even if no read */
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			if (copy_to_user(buffer, elf_buf, tsz)) {
				kfree(elf_buf);
				return -EFAULT;
			}
			kfree(elf_buf);
		} else {
			if (kern_addr_valid(start)) {
				unsigned long n;

				n = copy_to_user(buffer, (char *)start, tsz);
				/*
				 * We cannot distingush between fault on source
				 * and fault on destination. When this happens
				 * we clear too and hope it will trigger the
				 * EFAULT again.
				 */
				if (n) { 
					if (clear_user(buffer + tsz - n,
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								n))
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						return -EFAULT;
				}
			} else {
				if (clear_user(buffer, tsz))
					return -EFAULT;
			}
		}
		buflen -= tsz;
		*fpos += tsz;
		buffer += tsz;
		acc += tsz;
		start += tsz;
		tsz = (buflen > PAGE_SIZE ? PAGE_SIZE : buflen);
	}

	return acc;
}
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static int __init proc_kcore_init(void)
{
	proc_root_kcore = proc_create("kcore", S_IRUSR, NULL, &proc_kcore_operations);
	if (proc_root_kcore)
		proc_root_kcore->size =
				(size_t)high_memory - PAGE_OFFSET + PAGE_SIZE;
	return 0;
}
module_init(proc_kcore_init);