nmi.c 11.1 KB
Newer Older
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
/*
 *  linux/arch/x86_64/nmi.c
 *
 *  NMI watchdog support on APIC systems
 *
 *  Started by Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
 *
 *  Fixes:
 *  Mikael Pettersson	: AMD K7 support for local APIC NMI watchdog.
 *  Mikael Pettersson	: Power Management for local APIC NMI watchdog.
 *  Pavel Machek and
 *  Mikael Pettersson	: PM converted to driver model. Disable/enable API.
 */

#include <linux/config.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/irq.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/bootmem.h>
#include <linux/smp_lock.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/mc146818rtc.h>
#include <linux/kernel_stat.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/sysdev.h>
#include <linux/nmi.h>
#include <linux/sysctl.h>

#include <asm/smp.h>
#include <asm/mtrr.h>
#include <asm/mpspec.h>
#include <asm/nmi.h>
#include <asm/msr.h>
#include <asm/proto.h>
#include <asm/kdebug.h>

/*
 * lapic_nmi_owner tracks the ownership of the lapic NMI hardware:
 * - it may be reserved by some other driver, or not
 * - when not reserved by some other driver, it may be used for
 *   the NMI watchdog, or not
 *
 * This is maintained separately from nmi_active because the NMI
 * watchdog may also be driven from the I/O APIC timer.
 */
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(lapic_nmi_owner_lock);
static unsigned int lapic_nmi_owner;
#define LAPIC_NMI_WATCHDOG	(1<<0)
#define LAPIC_NMI_RESERVED	(1<<1)

/* nmi_active:
 * +1: the lapic NMI watchdog is active, but can be disabled
 *  0: the lapic NMI watchdog has not been set up, and cannot
 *     be enabled
 * -1: the lapic NMI watchdog is disabled, but can be enabled
 */
int nmi_active;		/* oprofile uses this */
int panic_on_timeout;

unsigned int nmi_watchdog = NMI_DEFAULT;
static unsigned int nmi_hz = HZ;
unsigned int nmi_perfctr_msr;	/* the MSR to reset in NMI handler */

/* Note that these events don't tick when the CPU idles. This means
   the frequency varies with CPU load. */

#define K7_EVNTSEL_ENABLE	(1 << 22)
#define K7_EVNTSEL_INT		(1 << 20)
#define K7_EVNTSEL_OS		(1 << 17)
#define K7_EVNTSEL_USR		(1 << 16)
#define K7_EVENT_CYCLES_PROCESSOR_IS_RUNNING	0x76
#define K7_NMI_EVENT		K7_EVENT_CYCLES_PROCESSOR_IS_RUNNING

#define P6_EVNTSEL0_ENABLE	(1 << 22)
#define P6_EVNTSEL_INT		(1 << 20)
#define P6_EVNTSEL_OS		(1 << 17)
#define P6_EVNTSEL_USR		(1 << 16)
#define P6_EVENT_CPU_CLOCKS_NOT_HALTED	0x79
#define P6_NMI_EVENT		P6_EVENT_CPU_CLOCKS_NOT_HALTED

/* Run after command line and cpu_init init, but before all other checks */
void __init nmi_watchdog_default(void)
{
	if (nmi_watchdog != NMI_DEFAULT)
		return;

	/* For some reason the IO APIC watchdog doesn't work on the AMD
	   8111 chipset. For now switch to local APIC mode using
	   perfctr0 there.  On Intel CPUs we don't have code to handle
	   the perfctr and the IO-APIC seems to work, so use that.  */

	if (boot_cpu_data.x86_vendor == X86_VENDOR_AMD) {
		nmi_watchdog = NMI_LOCAL_APIC; 
		printk(KERN_INFO 
              "Using local APIC NMI watchdog using perfctr0\n");
	} else {
		printk(KERN_INFO "Using IO APIC NMI watchdog\n");
		nmi_watchdog = NMI_IO_APIC;
	}
}

/* Why is there no CPUID flag for this? */
static __init int cpu_has_lapic(void)
{
	switch (boot_cpu_data.x86_vendor) { 
	case X86_VENDOR_INTEL:
	case X86_VENDOR_AMD: 
		return boot_cpu_data.x86 >= 6; 
	/* .... add more cpus here or find a different way to figure this out. */	
	default:
		return 0;
	} 	
}

115
static int __init check_nmi_watchdog (void)
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
116
117
118
119
{
	int counts[NR_CPUS];
	int cpu;

120
121
122
	if (nmi_watchdog == NMI_NONE)
		return 0;

Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
123
124
125
126
127
	if (nmi_watchdog == NMI_LOCAL_APIC && !cpu_has_lapic())  {
		nmi_watchdog = NMI_NONE;
		return -1; 
	}	

128
	printk(KERN_INFO "Testing NMI watchdog ... ");
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153

	for (cpu = 0; cpu < NR_CPUS; cpu++)
		counts[cpu] = cpu_pda[cpu].__nmi_count; 
	local_irq_enable();
	mdelay((10*1000)/nmi_hz); // wait 10 ticks

	for (cpu = 0; cpu < NR_CPUS; cpu++) {
		if (cpu_pda[cpu].__nmi_count - counts[cpu] <= 5) {
			printk("CPU#%d: NMI appears to be stuck (%d)!\n", 
			       cpu,
			       cpu_pda[cpu].__nmi_count);
			nmi_active = 0;
			lapic_nmi_owner &= ~LAPIC_NMI_WATCHDOG;
			return -1;
		}
	}
	printk("OK.\n");

	/* now that we know it works we can reduce NMI frequency to
	   something more reasonable; makes a difference in some configs */
	if (nmi_watchdog == NMI_LOCAL_APIC)
		nmi_hz = 1;

	return 0;
}
154
155
/* Have this called later during boot so counters are updating */
late_initcall(check_nmi_watchdog);
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255

int __init setup_nmi_watchdog(char *str)
{
	int nmi;

	if (!strncmp(str,"panic",5)) {
		panic_on_timeout = 1;
		str = strchr(str, ',');
		if (!str)
			return 1;
		++str;
	}

	get_option(&str, &nmi);

	if (nmi >= NMI_INVALID)
		return 0;
		nmi_watchdog = nmi;
	return 1;
}

__setup("nmi_watchdog=", setup_nmi_watchdog);

static void disable_lapic_nmi_watchdog(void)
{
	if (nmi_active <= 0)
		return;
	switch (boot_cpu_data.x86_vendor) {
	case X86_VENDOR_AMD:
		wrmsr(MSR_K7_EVNTSEL0, 0, 0);
		break;
	case X86_VENDOR_INTEL:
		wrmsr(MSR_IA32_EVNTSEL0, 0, 0);
		break;
	}
	nmi_active = -1;
	/* tell do_nmi() and others that we're not active any more */
	nmi_watchdog = 0;
}

static void enable_lapic_nmi_watchdog(void)
{
	if (nmi_active < 0) {
		nmi_watchdog = NMI_LOCAL_APIC;
		setup_apic_nmi_watchdog();
	}
}

int reserve_lapic_nmi(void)
{
	unsigned int old_owner;

	spin_lock(&lapic_nmi_owner_lock);
	old_owner = lapic_nmi_owner;
	lapic_nmi_owner |= LAPIC_NMI_RESERVED;
	spin_unlock(&lapic_nmi_owner_lock);
	if (old_owner & LAPIC_NMI_RESERVED)
		return -EBUSY;
	if (old_owner & LAPIC_NMI_WATCHDOG)
		disable_lapic_nmi_watchdog();
	return 0;
}

void release_lapic_nmi(void)
{
	unsigned int new_owner;

	spin_lock(&lapic_nmi_owner_lock);
	new_owner = lapic_nmi_owner & ~LAPIC_NMI_RESERVED;
	lapic_nmi_owner = new_owner;
	spin_unlock(&lapic_nmi_owner_lock);
	if (new_owner & LAPIC_NMI_WATCHDOG)
		enable_lapic_nmi_watchdog();
}

void disable_timer_nmi_watchdog(void)
{
	if ((nmi_watchdog != NMI_IO_APIC) || (nmi_active <= 0))
		return;

	disable_irq(0);
	unset_nmi_callback();
	nmi_active = -1;
	nmi_watchdog = NMI_NONE;
}

void enable_timer_nmi_watchdog(void)
{
	if (nmi_active < 0) {
		nmi_watchdog = NMI_IO_APIC;
		touch_nmi_watchdog();
		nmi_active = 1;
		enable_irq(0);
	}
}

#ifdef CONFIG_PM

static int nmi_pm_active; /* nmi_active before suspend */

256
static int lapic_nmi_suspend(struct sys_device *dev, pm_message_t state)
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
{
	nmi_pm_active = nmi_active;
	disable_lapic_nmi_watchdog();
	return 0;
}

static int lapic_nmi_resume(struct sys_device *dev)
{
	if (nmi_pm_active > 0)
	enable_lapic_nmi_watchdog();
	return 0;
}

static struct sysdev_class nmi_sysclass = {
	set_kset_name("lapic_nmi"),
	.resume		= lapic_nmi_resume,
	.suspend	= lapic_nmi_suspend,
};

static struct sys_device device_lapic_nmi = {
	.id		= 0,
	.cls	= &nmi_sysclass,
};

static int __init init_lapic_nmi_sysfs(void)
{
	int error;

	if (nmi_active == 0 || nmi_watchdog != NMI_LOCAL_APIC)
		return 0;

	error = sysdev_class_register(&nmi_sysclass);
	if (!error)
		error = sysdev_register(&device_lapic_nmi);
	return error;
}
/* must come after the local APIC's device_initcall() */
late_initcall(init_lapic_nmi_sysfs);

#endif	/* CONFIG_PM */

/*
 * Activate the NMI watchdog via the local APIC.
 * Original code written by Keith Owens.
 */

static void setup_k7_watchdog(void)
{
	int i;
	unsigned int evntsel;

	/* No check, so can start with slow frequency */
	nmi_hz = 1; 

	/* XXX should check these in EFER */

	nmi_perfctr_msr = MSR_K7_PERFCTR0;

	for(i = 0; i < 4; ++i) {
		/* Simulator may not support it */
		if (checking_wrmsrl(MSR_K7_EVNTSEL0+i, 0UL))
			return;
		wrmsrl(MSR_K7_PERFCTR0+i, 0UL);
	}

	evntsel = K7_EVNTSEL_INT
		| K7_EVNTSEL_OS
		| K7_EVNTSEL_USR
		| K7_NMI_EVENT;

	wrmsr(MSR_K7_EVNTSEL0, evntsel, 0);
	wrmsrl(MSR_K7_PERFCTR0, -((u64)cpu_khz*1000) / nmi_hz);
	apic_write(APIC_LVTPC, APIC_DM_NMI);
	evntsel |= K7_EVNTSEL_ENABLE;
	wrmsr(MSR_K7_EVNTSEL0, evntsel, 0);
}

void setup_apic_nmi_watchdog(void)
{
	switch (boot_cpu_data.x86_vendor) {
	case X86_VENDOR_AMD:
338
		if (boot_cpu_data.x86 != 15)
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
			return;
		if (strstr(boot_cpu_data.x86_model_id, "Screwdriver"))
			return;
		setup_k7_watchdog();
		break;
	default:
		return;
	}
	lapic_nmi_owner = LAPIC_NMI_WATCHDOG;
	nmi_active = 1;
}

/*
 * the best way to detect whether a CPU has a 'hard lockup' problem
 * is to check it's local APIC timer IRQ counts. If they are not
 * changing then that CPU has some problem.
 *
 * as these watchdog NMI IRQs are generated on every CPU, we only
 * have to check the current processor.
 *
 * since NMIs don't listen to _any_ locks, we have to be extremely
 * careful not to rely on unsafe variables. The printk might lock
 * up though, so we have to break up any console locks first ...
 * [when there will be more tty-related locks, break them up
 *  here too!]
 */

static unsigned int
	last_irq_sums [NR_CPUS],
	alert_counter [NR_CPUS];

void touch_nmi_watchdog (void)
{
	int i;

	/*
	 * Just reset the alert counters, (other CPUs might be
	 * spinning on locks we hold):
	 */
	for (i = 0; i < NR_CPUS; i++)
		alert_counter[i] = 0;
}

void nmi_watchdog_tick (struct pt_regs * regs, unsigned reason)
{
	int sum, cpu;

	cpu = safe_smp_processor_id();
	sum = read_pda(apic_timer_irqs);
	if (last_irq_sums[cpu] == sum) {
		/*
		 * Ayiee, looks like this CPU is stuck ...
		 * wait a few IRQs (5 seconds) before doing the oops ...
		 */
		alert_counter[cpu]++;
		if (alert_counter[cpu] == 5*nmi_hz) {
			if (notify_die(DIE_NMI, "nmi", regs, reason, 2, SIGINT)
							== NOTIFY_STOP) {
				alert_counter[cpu] = 0; 
				return;
			} 
			die_nmi("NMI Watchdog detected LOCKUP on CPU%d", regs);
		}
	} else {
		last_irq_sums[cpu] = sum;
		alert_counter[cpu] = 0;
	}
	if (nmi_perfctr_msr)
		wrmsr(nmi_perfctr_msr, -(cpu_khz/nmi_hz*1000), -1);
}

static int dummy_nmi_callback(struct pt_regs * regs, int cpu)
{
	return 0;
}
 
static nmi_callback_t nmi_callback = dummy_nmi_callback;
 
asmlinkage void do_nmi(struct pt_regs * regs, long error_code)
{
	int cpu = safe_smp_processor_id();

	nmi_enter();
	add_pda(__nmi_count,1);
	if (!nmi_callback(regs, cpu))
		default_do_nmi(regs);
	nmi_exit();
}

void set_nmi_callback(nmi_callback_t callback)
{
	nmi_callback = callback;
}

void unset_nmi_callback(void)
{
	nmi_callback = dummy_nmi_callback;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL

static int unknown_nmi_panic_callback(struct pt_regs *regs, int cpu)
{
	unsigned char reason = get_nmi_reason();
	char buf[64];

	if (!(reason & 0xc0)) {
		sprintf(buf, "NMI received for unknown reason %02x\n", reason);
		die_nmi(buf,regs);
	}
	return 0;
}

/*
 * proc handler for /proc/sys/kernel/unknown_nmi_panic
 */
int proc_unknown_nmi_panic(struct ctl_table *table, int write, struct file *file,
			void __user *buffer, size_t *length, loff_t *ppos)
{
	int old_state;

	old_state = unknown_nmi_panic;
	proc_dointvec(table, write, file, buffer, length, ppos);
	if (!!old_state == !!unknown_nmi_panic)
		return 0;

	if (unknown_nmi_panic) {
		if (reserve_lapic_nmi() < 0) {
			unknown_nmi_panic = 0;
			return -EBUSY;
		} else {
			set_nmi_callback(unknown_nmi_panic_callback);
		}
	} else {
		release_lapic_nmi();
		unset_nmi_callback();
	}
	return 0;
}

#endif

EXPORT_SYMBOL(nmi_active);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(nmi_watchdog);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(reserve_lapic_nmi);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(release_lapic_nmi);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(disable_timer_nmi_watchdog);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(enable_timer_nmi_watchdog);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(touch_nmi_watchdog);