efi.c 8.44 KB
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/*
 * Extensible Firmware Interface
 *
 * Based on Extensible Firmware Interface Specification version 2.4
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2013, 2014 Linaro Ltd.
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 *
 */

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#include <linux/atomic.h>
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#include <linux/dmi.h>
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#include <linux/efi.h>
#include <linux/export.h>
#include <linux/memblock.h>
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#include <linux/mm_types.h>
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#include <linux/bootmem.h>
#include <linux/of.h>
#include <linux/of_fdt.h>
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#include <linux/preempt.h>
#include <linux/rbtree.h>
#include <linux/rwsem.h>
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#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
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#include <linux/spinlock.h>
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#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
#include <asm/efi.h>
#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
#include <asm/mmu_context.h>
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#include <asm/mmu.h>
#include <asm/pgtable.h>
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struct efi_memory_map memmap;

static u64 efi_system_table;

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static pgd_t efi_pgd[PTRS_PER_PGD] __page_aligned_bss;

static struct mm_struct efi_mm = {
	.mm_rb			= RB_ROOT,
	.pgd			= efi_pgd,
	.mm_users		= ATOMIC_INIT(2),
	.mm_count		= ATOMIC_INIT(1),
	.mmap_sem		= __RWSEM_INITIALIZER(efi_mm.mmap_sem),
	.page_table_lock	= __SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(efi_mm.page_table_lock),
	.mmlist			= LIST_HEAD_INIT(efi_mm.mmlist),
};

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static int __init is_normal_ram(efi_memory_desc_t *md)
{
	if (md->attribute & EFI_MEMORY_WB)
		return 1;
	return 0;
}

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/*
 * Translate a EFI virtual address into a physical address: this is necessary,
 * as some data members of the EFI system table are virtually remapped after
 * SetVirtualAddressMap() has been called.
 */
static phys_addr_t efi_to_phys(unsigned long addr)
{
	efi_memory_desc_t *md;

	for_each_efi_memory_desc(&memmap, md) {
		if (!(md->attribute & EFI_MEMORY_RUNTIME))
			continue;
		if (md->virt_addr == 0)
			/* no virtual mapping has been installed by the stub */
			break;
		if (md->virt_addr <= addr &&
		    (addr - md->virt_addr) < (md->num_pages << EFI_PAGE_SHIFT))
			return md->phys_addr + addr - md->virt_addr;
	}
	return addr;
}

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static int __init uefi_init(void)
{
	efi_char16_t *c16;
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	void *config_tables;
	u64 table_size;
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	char vendor[100] = "unknown";
	int i, retval;

	efi.systab = early_memremap(efi_system_table,
				    sizeof(efi_system_table_t));
	if (efi.systab == NULL) {
		pr_warn("Unable to map EFI system table.\n");
		return -ENOMEM;
	}

	set_bit(EFI_BOOT, &efi.flags);
	set_bit(EFI_64BIT, &efi.flags);

	/*
	 * Verify the EFI Table
	 */
	if (efi.systab->hdr.signature != EFI_SYSTEM_TABLE_SIGNATURE) {
		pr_err("System table signature incorrect\n");
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		retval = -EINVAL;
		goto out;
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	}
	if ((efi.systab->hdr.revision >> 16) < 2)
		pr_warn("Warning: EFI system table version %d.%02d, expected 2.00 or greater\n",
			efi.systab->hdr.revision >> 16,
			efi.systab->hdr.revision & 0xffff);

	/* Show what we know for posterity */
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	c16 = early_memremap(efi_to_phys(efi.systab->fw_vendor),
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			     sizeof(vendor) * sizeof(efi_char16_t));
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	if (c16) {
		for (i = 0; i < (int) sizeof(vendor) - 1 && *c16; ++i)
			vendor[i] = c16[i];
		vendor[i] = '\0';
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		early_memunmap(c16, sizeof(vendor) * sizeof(efi_char16_t));
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	}

	pr_info("EFI v%u.%.02u by %s\n",
		efi.systab->hdr.revision >> 16,
		efi.systab->hdr.revision & 0xffff, vendor);

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	table_size = sizeof(efi_config_table_64_t) * efi.systab->nr_tables;
	config_tables = early_memremap(efi_to_phys(efi.systab->tables),
				       table_size);

	retval = efi_config_parse_tables(config_tables, efi.systab->nr_tables,
					 sizeof(efi_config_table_64_t), NULL);
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	early_memunmap(config_tables, table_size);
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out:
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	early_memunmap(efi.systab,  sizeof(efi_system_table_t));
	return retval;
}

/*
 * Return true for RAM regions we want to permanently reserve.
 */
static __init int is_reserve_region(efi_memory_desc_t *md)
{
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	switch (md->type) {
	case EFI_LOADER_CODE:
	case EFI_LOADER_DATA:
	case EFI_BOOT_SERVICES_CODE:
	case EFI_BOOT_SERVICES_DATA:
	case EFI_CONVENTIONAL_MEMORY:
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	case EFI_PERSISTENT_MEMORY:
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		return 0;
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	default:
		break;
	}
	return is_normal_ram(md);
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}

static __init void reserve_regions(void)
{
	efi_memory_desc_t *md;
	u64 paddr, npages, size;

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	if (efi_enabled(EFI_DBG))
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		pr_info("Processing EFI memory map:\n");

	for_each_efi_memory_desc(&memmap, md) {
		paddr = md->phys_addr;
		npages = md->num_pages;

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		if (efi_enabled(EFI_DBG)) {
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			char buf[64];

			pr_info("  0x%012llx-0x%012llx %s",
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				paddr, paddr + (npages << EFI_PAGE_SHIFT) - 1,
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				efi_md_typeattr_format(buf, sizeof(buf), md));
		}
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		memrange_efi_to_native(&paddr, &npages);
		size = npages << PAGE_SHIFT;

		if (is_normal_ram(md))
			early_init_dt_add_memory_arch(paddr, size);

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		if (is_reserve_region(md)) {
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			memblock_reserve(paddr, size);
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			if (efi_enabled(EFI_DBG))
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				pr_cont("*");
		}

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		if (efi_enabled(EFI_DBG))
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			pr_cont("\n");
	}
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	set_bit(EFI_MEMMAP, &efi.flags);
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}

void __init efi_init(void)
{
	struct efi_fdt_params params;

	/* Grab UEFI information placed in FDT by stub */
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	if (!efi_get_fdt_params(&params))
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		return;

	efi_system_table = params.system_table;

	memblock_reserve(params.mmap & PAGE_MASK,
			 PAGE_ALIGN(params.mmap_size + (params.mmap & ~PAGE_MASK)));
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	memmap.phys_map = params.mmap;
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	memmap.map = early_memremap(params.mmap, params.mmap_size);
	memmap.map_end = memmap.map + params.mmap_size;
	memmap.desc_size = params.desc_size;
	memmap.desc_version = params.desc_ver;

	if (uefi_init() < 0)
		return;

	reserve_regions();
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	early_memunmap(memmap.map, params.mmap_size);
}

static bool __init efi_virtmap_init(void)
{
	efi_memory_desc_t *md;

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	init_new_context(NULL, &efi_mm);

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	for_each_efi_memory_desc(&memmap, md) {
		u64 paddr, npages, size;
		pgprot_t prot;

		if (!(md->attribute & EFI_MEMORY_RUNTIME))
			continue;
		if (md->virt_addr == 0)
			return false;

		paddr = md->phys_addr;
		npages = md->num_pages;
		memrange_efi_to_native(&paddr, &npages);
		size = npages << PAGE_SHIFT;

		pr_info("  EFI remap 0x%016llx => %p\n",
			md->phys_addr, (void *)md->virt_addr);

		/*
		 * Only regions of type EFI_RUNTIME_SERVICES_CODE need to be
		 * executable, everything else can be mapped with the XN bits
		 * set.
		 */
		if (!is_normal_ram(md))
			prot = __pgprot(PROT_DEVICE_nGnRE);
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		else if (md->type == EFI_RUNTIME_SERVICES_CODE ||
			 !PAGE_ALIGNED(md->phys_addr))
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			prot = PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC;
		else
			prot = PAGE_KERNEL;

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		create_pgd_mapping(&efi_mm, paddr, md->virt_addr, size,
				   __pgprot(pgprot_val(prot) | PTE_NG));
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	}
	return true;
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}

/*
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 * Enable the UEFI Runtime Services if all prerequisites are in place, i.e.,
 * non-early mapping of the UEFI system table and virtual mappings for all
 * EFI_MEMORY_RUNTIME regions.
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 */
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static int __init arm64_enable_runtime_services(void)
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{
	u64 mapsize;

	if (!efi_enabled(EFI_BOOT)) {
		pr_info("EFI services will not be available.\n");
		return -1;
	}

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	if (efi_runtime_disabled()) {
		pr_info("EFI runtime services will be disabled.\n");
		return -1;
	}

	pr_info("Remapping and enabling EFI services.\n");
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	mapsize = memmap.map_end - memmap.map;
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	memmap.map = (__force void *)ioremap_cache(memmap.phys_map,
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						   mapsize);
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	if (!memmap.map) {
		pr_err("Failed to remap EFI memory map\n");
		return -1;
	}
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	memmap.map_end = memmap.map + mapsize;
	efi.memmap = &memmap;

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	efi.systab = (__force void *)ioremap_cache(efi_system_table,
						   sizeof(efi_system_table_t));
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	if (!efi.systab) {
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		pr_err("Failed to remap EFI System Table\n");
		return -1;
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	}
	set_bit(EFI_SYSTEM_TABLES, &efi.flags);
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	if (!efi_virtmap_init()) {
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		pr_err("No UEFI virtual mapping was installed -- runtime services will not be available\n");
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		return -1;
	}

	/* Set up runtime services function pointers */
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	efi_native_runtime_setup();
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	set_bit(EFI_RUNTIME_SERVICES, &efi.flags);

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	efi.runtime_version = efi.systab->hdr.revision;

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	return 0;
}
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early_initcall(arm64_enable_runtime_services);
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static int __init arm64_dmi_init(void)
{
	/*
	 * On arm64, DMI depends on UEFI, and dmi_scan_machine() needs to
	 * be called early because dmi_id_init(), which is an arch_initcall
	 * itself, depends on dmi_scan_machine() having been called already.
	 */
	dmi_scan_machine();
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	if (dmi_available)
		dmi_set_dump_stack_arch_desc();
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	return 0;
}
core_initcall(arm64_dmi_init);
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static void efi_set_pgd(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
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	switch_mm(NULL, mm, NULL);
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}

void efi_virtmap_load(void)
{
	preempt_disable();
	efi_set_pgd(&efi_mm);
}

void efi_virtmap_unload(void)
{
	efi_set_pgd(current->active_mm);
	preempt_enable();
}
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/*
 * UpdateCapsule() depends on the system being shutdown via
 * ResetSystem().
 */
bool efi_poweroff_required(void)
{
	return efi_enabled(EFI_RUNTIME_SERVICES);
}