mtdcore.c 19.1 KB
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/*
 * Core registration and callback routines for MTD
 * drivers and users.
 *
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 * Copyright © 1999-2010 David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org>
 * Copyright © 2006      Red Hat UK Limited 
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA  02110-1301  USA
 *
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 */

#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/ptrace.h>
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#include <linux/seq_file.h>
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#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/timer.h>
#include <linux/major.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
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#include <linux/err.h>
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#include <linux/ioctl.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/proc_fs.h>
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#include <linux/idr.h>
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#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
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#include <linux/gfp.h>
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#include <linux/mtd/mtd.h>

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#include "mtdcore.h"
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/*
 * backing device capabilities for non-mappable devices (such as NAND flash)
 * - permits private mappings, copies are taken of the data
 */
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static struct backing_dev_info mtd_bdi_unmappable = {
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	.capabilities	= BDI_CAP_MAP_COPY,
};

/*
 * backing device capabilities for R/O mappable devices (such as ROM)
 * - permits private mappings, copies are taken of the data
 * - permits non-writable shared mappings
 */
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static struct backing_dev_info mtd_bdi_ro_mappable = {
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	.capabilities	= (BDI_CAP_MAP_COPY | BDI_CAP_MAP_DIRECT |
			   BDI_CAP_EXEC_MAP | BDI_CAP_READ_MAP),
};

/*
 * backing device capabilities for writable mappable devices (such as RAM)
 * - permits private mappings, copies are taken of the data
 * - permits non-writable shared mappings
 */
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static struct backing_dev_info mtd_bdi_rw_mappable = {
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	.capabilities	= (BDI_CAP_MAP_COPY | BDI_CAP_MAP_DIRECT |
			   BDI_CAP_EXEC_MAP | BDI_CAP_READ_MAP |
			   BDI_CAP_WRITE_MAP),
};
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static int mtd_cls_suspend(struct device *dev, pm_message_t state);
static int mtd_cls_resume(struct device *dev);

static struct class mtd_class = {
	.name = "mtd",
	.owner = THIS_MODULE,
	.suspend = mtd_cls_suspend,
	.resume = mtd_cls_resume,
};
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static DEFINE_IDR(mtd_idr);

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/* These are exported solely for the purpose of mtd_blkdevs.c. You
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   should not use them for _anything_ else */
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DEFINE_MUTEX(mtd_table_mutex);
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EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mtd_table_mutex);
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struct mtd_info *__mtd_next_device(int i)
{
	return idr_get_next(&mtd_idr, &i);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__mtd_next_device);
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static LIST_HEAD(mtd_notifiers);

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#if defined(CONFIG_MTD_CHAR) || defined(CONFIG_MTD_CHAR_MODULE)
#define MTD_DEVT(index) MKDEV(MTD_CHAR_MAJOR, (index)*2)
#else
#define MTD_DEVT(index) 0
#endif

/* REVISIT once MTD uses the driver model better, whoever allocates
 * the mtd_info will probably want to use the release() hook...
 */
static void mtd_release(struct device *dev)
{
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	dev_t index = MTD_DEVT(dev_to_mtd(dev)->index);
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	/* remove /dev/mtdXro node if needed */
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	if (index)
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		device_destroy(&mtd_class, index + 1);
}

static int mtd_cls_suspend(struct device *dev, pm_message_t state)
{
	struct mtd_info *mtd = dev_to_mtd(dev);
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	if (mtd && mtd->suspend)
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		return mtd->suspend(mtd);
	else
		return 0;
}

static int mtd_cls_resume(struct device *dev)
{
	struct mtd_info *mtd = dev_to_mtd(dev);
	
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	if (mtd && mtd->resume)
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		mtd->resume(mtd);
	return 0;
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}

static ssize_t mtd_type_show(struct device *dev,
		struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
	struct mtd_info *mtd = dev_to_mtd(dev);
	char *type;

	switch (mtd->type) {
	case MTD_ABSENT:
		type = "absent";
		break;
	case MTD_RAM:
		type = "ram";
		break;
	case MTD_ROM:
		type = "rom";
		break;
	case MTD_NORFLASH:
		type = "nor";
		break;
	case MTD_NANDFLASH:
		type = "nand";
		break;
	case MTD_DATAFLASH:
		type = "dataflash";
		break;
	case MTD_UBIVOLUME:
		type = "ubi";
		break;
	default:
		type = "unknown";
	}

	return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%s\n", type);
}
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static DEVICE_ATTR(type, S_IRUGO, mtd_type_show, NULL);

static ssize_t mtd_flags_show(struct device *dev,
		struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
	struct mtd_info *mtd = dev_to_mtd(dev);

	return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "0x%lx\n", (unsigned long)mtd->flags);

}
static DEVICE_ATTR(flags, S_IRUGO, mtd_flags_show, NULL);

static ssize_t mtd_size_show(struct device *dev,
		struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
	struct mtd_info *mtd = dev_to_mtd(dev);

	return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%llu\n",
		(unsigned long long)mtd->size);

}
static DEVICE_ATTR(size, S_IRUGO, mtd_size_show, NULL);

static ssize_t mtd_erasesize_show(struct device *dev,
		struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
	struct mtd_info *mtd = dev_to_mtd(dev);

	return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%lu\n", (unsigned long)mtd->erasesize);

}
static DEVICE_ATTR(erasesize, S_IRUGO, mtd_erasesize_show, NULL);

static ssize_t mtd_writesize_show(struct device *dev,
		struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
	struct mtd_info *mtd = dev_to_mtd(dev);

	return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%lu\n", (unsigned long)mtd->writesize);

}
static DEVICE_ATTR(writesize, S_IRUGO, mtd_writesize_show, NULL);

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static ssize_t mtd_subpagesize_show(struct device *dev,
		struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
	struct mtd_info *mtd = dev_to_mtd(dev);
	unsigned int subpagesize = mtd->writesize >> mtd->subpage_sft;

	return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%u\n", subpagesize);

}
static DEVICE_ATTR(subpagesize, S_IRUGO, mtd_subpagesize_show, NULL);

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static ssize_t mtd_oobsize_show(struct device *dev,
		struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
	struct mtd_info *mtd = dev_to_mtd(dev);

	return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%lu\n", (unsigned long)mtd->oobsize);

}
static DEVICE_ATTR(oobsize, S_IRUGO, mtd_oobsize_show, NULL);

static ssize_t mtd_numeraseregions_show(struct device *dev,
		struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
	struct mtd_info *mtd = dev_to_mtd(dev);

	return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%u\n", mtd->numeraseregions);

}
static DEVICE_ATTR(numeraseregions, S_IRUGO, mtd_numeraseregions_show,
	NULL);

static ssize_t mtd_name_show(struct device *dev,
		struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
	struct mtd_info *mtd = dev_to_mtd(dev);

	return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%s\n", mtd->name);

}
static DEVICE_ATTR(name, S_IRUGO, mtd_name_show, NULL);
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static struct attribute *mtd_attrs[] = {
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	&dev_attr_type.attr,
	&dev_attr_flags.attr,
	&dev_attr_size.attr,
	&dev_attr_erasesize.attr,
	&dev_attr_writesize.attr,
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	&dev_attr_subpagesize.attr,
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	&dev_attr_oobsize.attr,
	&dev_attr_numeraseregions.attr,
	&dev_attr_name.attr,
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	NULL,
};

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static struct attribute_group mtd_group = {
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	.attrs		= mtd_attrs,
};

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static const struct attribute_group *mtd_groups[] = {
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	&mtd_group,
	NULL,
};

static struct device_type mtd_devtype = {
	.name		= "mtd",
	.groups		= mtd_groups,
	.release	= mtd_release,
};

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/**
 *	add_mtd_device - register an MTD device
 *	@mtd: pointer to new MTD device info structure
 *
 *	Add a device to the list of MTD devices present in the system, and
 *	notify each currently active MTD 'user' of its arrival. Returns
 *	zero on success or 1 on failure, which currently will only happen
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 *	if there is insufficient memory or a sysfs error.
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 */

int add_mtd_device(struct mtd_info *mtd)
{
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	struct mtd_notifier *not;
	int i, error;
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	if (!mtd->backing_dev_info) {
		switch (mtd->type) {
		case MTD_RAM:
			mtd->backing_dev_info = &mtd_bdi_rw_mappable;
			break;
		case MTD_ROM:
			mtd->backing_dev_info = &mtd_bdi_ro_mappable;
			break;
		default:
			mtd->backing_dev_info = &mtd_bdi_unmappable;
			break;
		}
	}

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	BUG_ON(mtd->writesize == 0);
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	mutex_lock(&mtd_table_mutex);
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	do {
		if (!idr_pre_get(&mtd_idr, GFP_KERNEL))
			goto fail_locked;
		error = idr_get_new(&mtd_idr, mtd, &i);
	} while (error == -EAGAIN);
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	if (error)
		goto fail_locked;
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	mtd->index = i;
	mtd->usecount = 0;

	if (is_power_of_2(mtd->erasesize))
		mtd->erasesize_shift = ffs(mtd->erasesize) - 1;
	else
		mtd->erasesize_shift = 0;

	if (is_power_of_2(mtd->writesize))
		mtd->writesize_shift = ffs(mtd->writesize) - 1;
	else
		mtd->writesize_shift = 0;

	mtd->erasesize_mask = (1 << mtd->erasesize_shift) - 1;
	mtd->writesize_mask = (1 << mtd->writesize_shift) - 1;

	/* Some chips always power up locked. Unlock them now */
	if ((mtd->flags & MTD_WRITEABLE)
	    && (mtd->flags & MTD_POWERUP_LOCK) && mtd->unlock) {
		if (mtd->unlock(mtd, 0, mtd->size))
			printk(KERN_WARNING
			       "%s: unlock failed, writes may not work\n",
			       mtd->name);
	}

	/* Caller should have set dev.parent to match the
	 * physical device.
	 */
	mtd->dev.type = &mtd_devtype;
	mtd->dev.class = &mtd_class;
	mtd->dev.devt = MTD_DEVT(i);
	dev_set_name(&mtd->dev, "mtd%d", i);
	dev_set_drvdata(&mtd->dev, mtd);
	if (device_register(&mtd->dev) != 0)
		goto fail_added;

	if (MTD_DEVT(i))
		device_create(&mtd_class, mtd->dev.parent,
			      MTD_DEVT(i) + 1,
			      NULL, "mtd%dro", i);

	DEBUG(0, "mtd: Giving out device %d to %s\n", i, mtd->name);
	/* No need to get a refcount on the module containing
	   the notifier, since we hold the mtd_table_mutex */
	list_for_each_entry(not, &mtd_notifiers, list)
		not->add(mtd);

	mutex_unlock(&mtd_table_mutex);
	/* We _know_ we aren't being removed, because
	   our caller is still holding us here. So none
	   of this try_ nonsense, and no bitching about it
	   either. :) */
	__module_get(THIS_MODULE);
	return 0;
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fail_added:
	idr_remove(&mtd_idr, i);
fail_locked:
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	mutex_unlock(&mtd_table_mutex);
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	return 1;
}

/**
 *	del_mtd_device - unregister an MTD device
 *	@mtd: pointer to MTD device info structure
 *
 *	Remove a device from the list of MTD devices present in the system,
 *	and notify each currently active MTD 'user' of its departure.
 *	Returns zero on success or 1 on failure, which currently will happen
 *	if the requested device does not appear to be present in the list.
 */

int del_mtd_device (struct mtd_info *mtd)
{
	int ret;
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	struct mtd_notifier *not;
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	mutex_lock(&mtd_table_mutex);
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	if (idr_find(&mtd_idr, mtd->index) != mtd) {
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		ret = -ENODEV;
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		goto out_error;
	}

	/* No need to get a refcount on the module containing
		the notifier, since we hold the mtd_table_mutex */
	list_for_each_entry(not, &mtd_notifiers, list)
		not->remove(mtd);

	if (mtd->usecount) {
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		printk(KERN_NOTICE "Removing MTD device #%d (%s) with use count %d\n",
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		       mtd->index, mtd->name, mtd->usecount);
		ret = -EBUSY;
	} else {
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		device_unregister(&mtd->dev);

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		idr_remove(&mtd_idr, mtd->index);
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		module_put(THIS_MODULE);
		ret = 0;
	}

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out_error:
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	mutex_unlock(&mtd_table_mutex);
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	return ret;
}

/**
 *	register_mtd_user - register a 'user' of MTD devices.
 *	@new: pointer to notifier info structure
 *
 *	Registers a pair of callbacks function to be called upon addition
 *	or removal of MTD devices. Causes the 'add' callback to be immediately
 *	invoked for each MTD device currently present in the system.
 */

void register_mtd_user (struct mtd_notifier *new)
{
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	struct mtd_info *mtd;
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	mutex_lock(&mtd_table_mutex);
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	list_add(&new->list, &mtd_notifiers);

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	__module_get(THIS_MODULE);
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	mtd_for_each_device(mtd)
		new->add(mtd);
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	mutex_unlock(&mtd_table_mutex);
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}

/**
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 *	unregister_mtd_user - unregister a 'user' of MTD devices.
 *	@old: pointer to notifier info structure
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 *
 *	Removes a callback function pair from the list of 'users' to be
 *	notified upon addition or removal of MTD devices. Causes the
 *	'remove' callback to be immediately invoked for each MTD device
 *	currently present in the system.
 */

int unregister_mtd_user (struct mtd_notifier *old)
{
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	struct mtd_info *mtd;
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	mutex_lock(&mtd_table_mutex);
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	module_put(THIS_MODULE);

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	mtd_for_each_device(mtd)
		old->remove(mtd);
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	list_del(&old->list);
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	mutex_unlock(&mtd_table_mutex);
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	return 0;
}


/**
 *	get_mtd_device - obtain a validated handle for an MTD device
 *	@mtd: last known address of the required MTD device
 *	@num: internal device number of the required MTD device
 *
 *	Given a number and NULL address, return the num'th entry in the device
 *	table, if any.	Given an address and num == -1, search the device table
 *	for a device with that address and return if it's still present. Given
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 *	both, return the num'th driver only if its address matches. Return
 *	error code if not.
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 */
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struct mtd_info *get_mtd_device(struct mtd_info *mtd, int num)
{
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	struct mtd_info *ret = NULL, *other;
	int err = -ENODEV;
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	mutex_lock(&mtd_table_mutex);
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	if (num == -1) {
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		mtd_for_each_device(other) {
			if (other == mtd) {
				ret = mtd;
				break;
			}
		}
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	} else if (num >= 0) {
		ret = idr_find(&mtd_idr, num);
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		if (mtd && mtd != ret)
			ret = NULL;
	}

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	if (!ret) {
		ret = ERR_PTR(err);
		goto out;
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	}
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	err = __get_mtd_device(ret);
	if (err)
		ret = ERR_PTR(err);
out:
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	mutex_unlock(&mtd_table_mutex);
	return ret;
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}
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int __get_mtd_device(struct mtd_info *mtd)
{
	int err;

	if (!try_module_get(mtd->owner))
		return -ENODEV;

	if (mtd->get_device) {
		err = mtd->get_device(mtd);

		if (err) {
			module_put(mtd->owner);
			return err;
		}
	}
	mtd->usecount++;
	return 0;
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}

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/**
 *	get_mtd_device_nm - obtain a validated handle for an MTD device by
 *	device name
 *	@name: MTD device name to open
 *
 * 	This function returns MTD device description structure in case of
 * 	success and an error code in case of failure.
 */

struct mtd_info *get_mtd_device_nm(const char *name)
{
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	int err = -ENODEV;
	struct mtd_info *mtd = NULL, *other;
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	mutex_lock(&mtd_table_mutex);

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	mtd_for_each_device(other) {
		if (!strcmp(name, other->name)) {
			mtd = other;
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			break;
		}
	}

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	if (!mtd)
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		goto out_unlock;

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	err = __get_mtd_device(mtd);
	if (err)
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		goto out_unlock;

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	mutex_unlock(&mtd_table_mutex);
	return mtd;
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out_unlock:
	mutex_unlock(&mtd_table_mutex);
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	return ERR_PTR(err);
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}

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void put_mtd_device(struct mtd_info *mtd)
{
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	mutex_lock(&mtd_table_mutex);
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	__put_mtd_device(mtd);
	mutex_unlock(&mtd_table_mutex);

}

void __put_mtd_device(struct mtd_info *mtd)
{
	--mtd->usecount;
	BUG_ON(mtd->usecount < 0);

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	if (mtd->put_device)
		mtd->put_device(mtd);
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	module_put(mtd->owner);
}

/* default_mtd_writev - default mtd writev method for MTD devices that
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 *			don't implement their own
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 */

int default_mtd_writev(struct mtd_info *mtd, const struct kvec *vecs,
		       unsigned long count, loff_t to, size_t *retlen)
{
	unsigned long i;
	size_t totlen = 0, thislen;
	int ret = 0;

	if(!mtd->write) {
		ret = -EROFS;
	} else {
		for (i=0; i<count; i++) {
			if (!vecs[i].iov_len)
				continue;
			ret = mtd->write(mtd, to, vecs[i].iov_len, &thislen, vecs[i].iov_base);
			totlen += thislen;
			if (ret || thislen != vecs[i].iov_len)
				break;
			to += vecs[i].iov_len;
		}
	}
	if (retlen)
		*retlen = totlen;
	return ret;
}

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/**
 * mtd_kmalloc_up_to - allocate a contiguous buffer up to the specified size
 * @size: A pointer to the ideal or maximum size of the allocation. Points
 *        to the actual allocation size on success.
 *
 * This routine attempts to allocate a contiguous kernel buffer up to
 * the specified size, backing off the size of the request exponentially
 * until the request succeeds or until the allocation size falls below
 * the system page size. This attempts to make sure it does not adversely
 * impact system performance, so when allocating more than one page, we
 * ask the memory allocator to avoid re-trying, swapping, writing back
 * or performing I/O.
 *
 * Note, this function also makes sure that the allocated buffer is aligned to
 * the MTD device's min. I/O unit, i.e. the "mtd->writesize" value.
 *
 * This is called, for example by mtd_{read,write} and jffs2_scan_medium,
 * to handle smaller (i.e. degraded) buffer allocations under low- or
 * fragmented-memory situations where such reduced allocations, from a
 * requested ideal, are allowed.
 *
 * Returns a pointer to the allocated buffer on success; otherwise, NULL.
 */
void *mtd_kmalloc_up_to(const struct mtd_info *mtd, size_t *size)
{
	gfp_t flags = __GFP_NOWARN | __GFP_WAIT |
		       __GFP_NORETRY | __GFP_NO_KSWAPD;
	size_t min_alloc = max_t(size_t, mtd->writesize, PAGE_SIZE);
	void *kbuf;

	*size = min_t(size_t, *size, KMALLOC_MAX_SIZE);

	while (*size > min_alloc) {
		kbuf = kmalloc(*size, flags);
		if (kbuf)
			return kbuf;

		*size >>= 1;
		*size = ALIGN(*size, mtd->writesize);
	}

	/*
	 * For the last resort allocation allow 'kmalloc()' to do all sorts of
	 * things (write-back, dropping caches, etc) by using GFP_KERNEL.
	 */
	return kmalloc(*size, GFP_KERNEL);
}

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EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(add_mtd_device);
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(del_mtd_device);
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_mtd_device);
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_mtd_device_nm);
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EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__get_mtd_device);
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EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(put_mtd_device);
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EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__put_mtd_device);
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EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_mtd_user);
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_mtd_user);
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(default_mtd_writev);
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EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mtd_kmalloc_up_to);
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#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS

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/*====================================================================*/
/* Support for /proc/mtd */

static struct proc_dir_entry *proc_mtd;

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static int mtd_proc_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
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{
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	struct mtd_info *mtd;
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	seq_puts(m, "dev:    size   erasesize  name\n");
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	mutex_lock(&mtd_table_mutex);
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	mtd_for_each_device(mtd) {
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		seq_printf(m, "mtd%d: %8.8llx %8.8x \"%s\"\n",
			   mtd->index, (unsigned long long)mtd->size,
			   mtd->erasesize, mtd->name);
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	}
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	mutex_unlock(&mtd_table_mutex);
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	return 0;
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}

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static int mtd_proc_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
	return single_open(file, mtd_proc_show, NULL);
}

static const struct file_operations mtd_proc_ops = {
	.open		= mtd_proc_open,
	.read		= seq_read,
	.llseek		= seq_lseek,
	.release	= single_release,
};
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#endif /* CONFIG_PROC_FS */

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/*====================================================================*/
/* Init code */

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static int __init mtd_bdi_init(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, const char *name)
{
	int ret;

	ret = bdi_init(bdi);
	if (!ret)
		ret = bdi_register(bdi, NULL, name);

	if (ret)
		bdi_destroy(bdi);

	return ret;
}

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static int __init init_mtd(void)
{
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	int ret;
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	ret = class_register(&mtd_class);
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	if (ret)
		goto err_reg;

	ret = mtd_bdi_init(&mtd_bdi_unmappable, "mtd-unmap");
	if (ret)
		goto err_bdi1;

	ret = mtd_bdi_init(&mtd_bdi_ro_mappable, "mtd-romap");
	if (ret)
		goto err_bdi2;

	ret = mtd_bdi_init(&mtd_bdi_rw_mappable, "mtd-rwmap");
	if (ret)
		goto err_bdi3;
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#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS
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	proc_mtd = proc_create("mtd", 0, NULL, &mtd_proc_ops);
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#endif /* CONFIG_PROC_FS */
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	return 0;
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err_bdi3:
	bdi_destroy(&mtd_bdi_ro_mappable);
err_bdi2:
	bdi_destroy(&mtd_bdi_unmappable);
err_bdi1:
	class_unregister(&mtd_class);
err_reg:
	pr_err("Error registering mtd class or bdi: %d\n", ret);
	return ret;
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}

static void __exit cleanup_mtd(void)
{
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#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS
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	if (proc_mtd)
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		remove_proc_entry( "mtd", NULL);
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#endif /* CONFIG_PROC_FS */
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	class_unregister(&mtd_class);
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	bdi_destroy(&mtd_bdi_unmappable);
	bdi_destroy(&mtd_bdi_ro_mappable);
	bdi_destroy(&mtd_bdi_rw_mappable);
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}

module_init(init_mtd);
module_exit(cleanup_mtd);

MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
MODULE_AUTHOR("David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org>");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Core MTD registration and access routines");