cy82c693.c 13.5 KB
Newer Older
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176
/*
 *  Copyright (C) 1998-2000 Andreas S. Krebs (akrebs@altavista.net), Maintainer
 *  Copyright (C) 1998-2002 Andre Hedrick <andre@linux-ide.org>, Integrator
 *
 * CYPRESS CY82C693 chipset IDE controller
 *
 * The CY82C693 chipset is used on Digital's PC-Alpha 164SX boards.
 * Writing the driver was quite simple, since most of the job is
 * done by the generic pci-ide support. 
 * The hard part was finding the CY82C693's datasheet on Cypress's
 * web page :-(. But Altavista solved this problem :-).
 *
 *
 * Notes:
 * - I recently got a 16.8G IBM DTTA, so I was able to test it with
 *   a large and fast disk - the results look great, so I'd say the
 *   driver is working fine :-)
 *   hdparm -t reports 8.17 MB/sec at about 6% CPU usage for the DTTA 
 * - this is my first linux driver, so there's probably a lot  of room 
 *   for optimizations and bug fixing, so feel free to do it.
 * - use idebus=xx parameter to set PCI bus speed - needed to calc
 *   timings for PIO modes (default will be 40)
 * - if using PIO mode it's a good idea to set the PIO mode and 
 *   32-bit I/O support (if possible), e.g. hdparm -p2 -c1 /dev/hda
 * - I had some problems with my IBM DHEA with PIO modes < 2
 *   (lost interrupts) ?????
 * - first tests with DMA look okay, they seem to work, but there is a
 *   problem with sound - the BusMaster IDE TimeOut should fixed this
 *
 * Ancient History:
 * AMH@1999-08-24: v0.34 init_cy82c693_chip moved to pci_init_cy82c693
 * ASK@1999-01-23: v0.33 made a few minor code clean ups
 *                       removed DMA clock speed setting by default
 *                       added boot message
 * ASK@1998-11-01: v0.32 added support to set BusMaster IDE TimeOut
 *                       added support to set DMA Controller Clock Speed
 * ASK@1998-10-31: v0.31 fixed problem with setting to high DMA modes
 *                       on some drives.
 * ASK@1998-10-29: v0.3 added support to set DMA modes
 * ASK@1998-10-28: v0.2 added support to set PIO modes
 * ASK@1998-10-27: v0.1 first version - chipset detection
 *
 */

#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/pci.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/ide.h>
#include <linux/init.h>

#include <asm/io.h>

/* the current version */
#define CY82_VERSION	"CY82C693U driver v0.34 99-13-12 Andreas S. Krebs (akrebs@altavista.net)"

/*
 *	The following are used to debug the driver.
 */
#define CY82C693_DEBUG_LOGS	0
#define CY82C693_DEBUG_INFO	0

/* define CY82C693_SETDMA_CLOCK to set DMA Controller Clock Speed to ATCLK */
#undef CY82C693_SETDMA_CLOCK

/*
 *	NOTE: the value for busmaster timeout is tricky and I got it by
 *	trial and error!  By using a to low value will cause DMA timeouts
 *	and drop IDE performance, and by using a to high value will cause
 *	audio playback to scatter.
 *	If you know a better value or how to calc it, please let me know.
 */

/* twice the value written in cy82c693ub datasheet */
#define BUSMASTER_TIMEOUT	0x50
/*
 * the value above was tested on my machine and it seems to work okay
 */

/* here are the offset definitions for the registers */
#define CY82_IDE_CMDREG		0x04
#define CY82_IDE_ADDRSETUP	0x48
#define CY82_IDE_MASTER_IOR	0x4C
#define CY82_IDE_MASTER_IOW	0x4D
#define CY82_IDE_SLAVE_IOR	0x4E
#define CY82_IDE_SLAVE_IOW	0x4F
#define CY82_IDE_MASTER_8BIT	0x50
#define CY82_IDE_SLAVE_8BIT	0x51

#define CY82_INDEX_PORT		0x22
#define CY82_DATA_PORT		0x23

#define CY82_INDEX_CTRLREG1	0x01
#define CY82_INDEX_CHANNEL0	0x30
#define CY82_INDEX_CHANNEL1	0x31
#define CY82_INDEX_TIMEOUT	0x32

/* the min and max PCI bus speed in MHz - from datasheet */
#define CY82C963_MIN_BUS_SPEED	25
#define CY82C963_MAX_BUS_SPEED	33

/* the struct for the PIO mode timings */
typedef struct pio_clocks_s {
	u8	address_time;	/* Address setup (clocks) */
	u8	time_16r;	/* clocks for 16bit IOR (0xF0=Active/data, 0x0F=Recovery) */
	u8	time_16w;	/* clocks for 16bit IOW (0xF0=Active/data, 0x0F=Recovery) */
	u8	time_8;		/* clocks for 8bit (0xF0=Active/data, 0x0F=Recovery) */
} pio_clocks_t;

/*
 * calc clocks using bus_speed
 * returns (rounded up) time in bus clocks for time in ns
 */
static int calc_clk (int time, int bus_speed)
{
	int clocks;

	clocks = (time*bus_speed+999)/1000 -1;

	if (clocks < 0)
		clocks = 0;

	if (clocks > 0x0F)
		clocks = 0x0F;

	return clocks;
}

/*
 * compute the values for the clock registers for PIO
 * mode and pci_clk [MHz] speed
 *
 * NOTE: for mode 0,1 and 2 drives 8-bit IDE command control registers are used
 *       for mode 3 and 4 drives 8 and 16-bit timings are the same
 *
 */ 
static void compute_clocks (u8 pio, pio_clocks_t *p_pclk)
{
	int clk1, clk2;
	int bus_speed = system_bus_clock();	/* get speed of PCI bus */

	/* we don't check against CY82C693's min and max speed,
	 * so you can play with the idebus=xx parameter
	 */

	/* let's calc the address setup time clocks */
	p_pclk->address_time = (u8)calc_clk(ide_pio_timings[pio].setup_time, bus_speed);

	/* let's calc the active and recovery time clocks */
	clk1 = calc_clk(ide_pio_timings[pio].active_time, bus_speed);

	/* calc recovery timing */
	clk2 =	ide_pio_timings[pio].cycle_time -
		ide_pio_timings[pio].active_time -
		ide_pio_timings[pio].setup_time;

	clk2 = calc_clk(clk2, bus_speed);

	clk1 = (clk1<<4)|clk2;	/* combine active and recovery clocks */

	/* note: we use the same values for 16bit IOR and IOW
         *	those are all the same, since I don't have other
	 *	timings than those from ide-lib.c
	 */

	p_pclk->time_16r = (u8)clk1;
	p_pclk->time_16w = (u8)clk1;

	/* what are good values for 8bit ?? */
	p_pclk->time_8 = (u8)clk1;
}

/*
 * set DMA mode a specific channel for CY82C693
 */

177
static void cy82c693_set_dma_mode(ide_drive_t *drive, const u8 mode)
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
178
{
179 180
	ide_hwif_t *hwif = drive->hwif;
	u8 single = (mode & 0x10) >> 4, index = 0, data = 0;
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
181

182
	index = hwif->channel ? CY82_INDEX_CHANNEL1 : CY82_INDEX_CHANNEL0;
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
183 184 185 186

#if CY82C693_DEBUG_LOGS
	/* for debug let's show the previous values */

187 188
	outb(index, CY82_INDEX_PORT);
	data = inb(CY82_DATA_PORT);
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
189 190 191 192 193 194

	printk (KERN_INFO "%s (ch=%d, dev=%d): DMA mode is %d (single=%d)\n",
		drive->name, HWIF(drive)->channel, drive->select.b.unit,
		(data&0x3), ((data>>2)&1));
#endif /* CY82C693_DEBUG_LOGS */

195
	data = (mode & 3) | (single << 2);
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
196

197 198
	outb(index, CY82_INDEX_PORT);
	outb(data, CY82_DATA_PORT);
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
199 200 201 202

#if CY82C693_DEBUG_INFO
	printk(KERN_INFO "%s (ch=%d, dev=%d): set DMA mode to %d (single=%d)\n",
		drive->name, HWIF(drive)->channel, drive->select.b.unit,
203
		mode & 3, single);
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216
#endif /* CY82C693_DEBUG_INFO */

	/* 
	 * note: below we set the value for Bus Master IDE TimeOut Register
	 * I'm not absolutly sure what this does, but it solved my problem
	 * with IDE DMA and sound, so I now can play sound and work with
	 * my IDE driver at the same time :-)
	 *
	 * If you know the correct (best) value for this register please
	 * let me know - ASK
	 */

	data = BUSMASTER_TIMEOUT;
217 218
	outb(CY82_INDEX_TIMEOUT, CY82_INDEX_PORT);
	outb(data, CY82_DATA_PORT);
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
219 220 221 222 223 224 225

#if CY82C693_DEBUG_INFO	
	printk (KERN_INFO "%s: Set IDE Bus Master TimeOut Register to 0x%X\n",
		drive->name, data);
#endif /* CY82C693_DEBUG_INFO */
}

226
static void cy82c693_set_pio_mode(ide_drive_t *drive, const u8 pio)
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
227 228
{
	ide_hwif_t *hwif = HWIF(drive);
229
	struct pci_dev *dev = to_pci_dev(hwif->dev);
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
230 231 232 233 234
	pio_clocks_t pclk;
	unsigned int addrCtrl;

	/* select primary or secondary channel */
	if (hwif->index > 0) {  /* drive is on the secondary channel */
Alan Cox's avatar
Alan Cox committed
235
		dev = pci_get_slot(dev->bus, dev->devfn+1);
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336
		if (!dev) {
			printk(KERN_ERR "%s: tune_drive: "
				"Cannot find secondary interface!\n",
				drive->name);
			return;
		}
	}

#if CY82C693_DEBUG_LOGS
	/* for debug let's show the register values */
	
       	if (drive->select.b.unit == 0) {
		/*
		 * get master drive registers               	
		 * address setup control register
		 * is 32 bit !!!
		 */ 
	  	pci_read_config_dword(dev, CY82_IDE_ADDRSETUP, &addrCtrl);                
		addrCtrl &= 0x0F;

		/* now let's get the remaining registers */
		pci_read_config_byte(dev, CY82_IDE_MASTER_IOR, &pclk.time_16r);
		pci_read_config_byte(dev, CY82_IDE_MASTER_IOW, &pclk.time_16w);
		pci_read_config_byte(dev, CY82_IDE_MASTER_8BIT, &pclk.time_8);
	} else {
		/*
		 * set slave drive registers
		 * address setup control register
		 * is 32 bit !!!
		 */ 
		pci_read_config_dword(dev, CY82_IDE_ADDRSETUP, &addrCtrl);

		addrCtrl &= 0xF0;
		addrCtrl >>= 4;

		/* now let's get the remaining registers */
		pci_read_config_byte(dev, CY82_IDE_SLAVE_IOR, &pclk.time_16r);
		pci_read_config_byte(dev, CY82_IDE_SLAVE_IOW, &pclk.time_16w);
		pci_read_config_byte(dev, CY82_IDE_SLAVE_8BIT, &pclk.time_8);
	}

	printk(KERN_INFO "%s (ch=%d, dev=%d): PIO timing is "
		"(addr=0x%X, ior=0x%X, iow=0x%X, 8bit=0x%X)\n",
		drive->name, hwif->channel, drive->select.b.unit,
		addrCtrl, pclk.time_16r, pclk.time_16w, pclk.time_8);
#endif /* CY82C693_DEBUG_LOGS */

	/* let's calc the values for this PIO mode */
	compute_clocks(pio, &pclk);

	/* now let's write  the clocks registers */
	if (drive->select.b.unit == 0) {
		/*
		 * set master drive
		 * address setup control register
		 * is 32 bit !!!
		 */ 
		pci_read_config_dword(dev, CY82_IDE_ADDRSETUP, &addrCtrl);
		
		addrCtrl &= (~0xF);
		addrCtrl |= (unsigned int)pclk.address_time;
		pci_write_config_dword(dev, CY82_IDE_ADDRSETUP, addrCtrl);

		/* now let's set the remaining registers */
		pci_write_config_byte(dev, CY82_IDE_MASTER_IOR, pclk.time_16r);
		pci_write_config_byte(dev, CY82_IDE_MASTER_IOW, pclk.time_16w);
		pci_write_config_byte(dev, CY82_IDE_MASTER_8BIT, pclk.time_8);
		
		addrCtrl &= 0xF;
	} else {
		/*
		 * set slave drive
		 * address setup control register
		 * is 32 bit !!!
		 */ 
		pci_read_config_dword(dev, CY82_IDE_ADDRSETUP, &addrCtrl);

		addrCtrl &= (~0xF0);
		addrCtrl |= ((unsigned int)pclk.address_time<<4);
		pci_write_config_dword(dev, CY82_IDE_ADDRSETUP, addrCtrl);

		/* now let's set the remaining registers */
		pci_write_config_byte(dev, CY82_IDE_SLAVE_IOR, pclk.time_16r);
		pci_write_config_byte(dev, CY82_IDE_SLAVE_IOW, pclk.time_16w);
		pci_write_config_byte(dev, CY82_IDE_SLAVE_8BIT, pclk.time_8);

		addrCtrl >>= 4;
		addrCtrl &= 0xF;
	}	

#if CY82C693_DEBUG_INFO
	printk(KERN_INFO "%s (ch=%d, dev=%d): set PIO timing to "
		"(addr=0x%X, ior=0x%X, iow=0x%X, 8bit=0x%X)\n",
		drive->name, hwif->channel, drive->select.b.unit,
		addrCtrl, pclk.time_16r, pclk.time_16w, pclk.time_8);
#endif /* CY82C693_DEBUG_INFO */
}

/*
 * this function is called during init and is used to setup the cy82c693 chip
 */
337
static unsigned int __devinit init_chipset_cy82c693(struct pci_dev *dev, const char *name)
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388
{
	if (PCI_FUNC(dev->devfn) != 1)
		return 0;

#ifdef CY82C693_SETDMA_CLOCK
	u8 data = 0;
#endif /* CY82C693_SETDMA_CLOCK */ 

	/* write info about this verion of the driver */
	printk(KERN_INFO CY82_VERSION "\n");

#ifdef CY82C693_SETDMA_CLOCK
       /* okay let's set the DMA clock speed */
        
        outb(CY82_INDEX_CTRLREG1, CY82_INDEX_PORT);
        data = inb(CY82_DATA_PORT);

#if CY82C693_DEBUG_INFO
	printk(KERN_INFO "%s: Peripheral Configuration Register: 0x%X\n",
		name, data);
#endif /* CY82C693_DEBUG_INFO */

        /*
	 * for some reason sometimes the DMA controller
	 * speed is set to ATCLK/2 ???? - we fix this here
	 * 
	 * note: i don't know what causes this strange behaviour,
	 *       but even changing the dma speed doesn't solve it :-(
	 *       the ide performance is still only half the normal speed 
	 * 
	 *       if anybody knows what goes wrong with my machine, please
	 *       let me know - ASK
         */

	data |= 0x03;

        outb(CY82_INDEX_CTRLREG1, CY82_INDEX_PORT);
        outb(data, CY82_DATA_PORT);

#if CY82C693_DEBUG_INFO
	printk (KERN_INFO "%s: New Peripheral Configuration Register: 0x%X\n",
		name, data);
#endif /* CY82C693_DEBUG_INFO */

#endif /* CY82C693_SETDMA_CLOCK */
	return 0;
}

/*
 * the init function - called for each ide channel once
 */
389
static void __devinit init_hwif_cy82c693(ide_hwif_t *hwif)
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
390
{
391
	hwif->set_pio_mode = &cy82c693_set_pio_mode;
392
	hwif->set_dma_mode = &cy82c693_set_dma_mode;
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
393 394
}

Adrian Bunk's avatar
Adrian Bunk committed
395
static void __devinit init_iops_cy82c693(ide_hwif_t *hwif)
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
396
{
397
	static ide_hwif_t *primary;
398
	struct pci_dev *dev = to_pci_dev(hwif->dev);
399

400
	if (PCI_FUNC(dev->devfn) == 1)
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
401 402 403 404 405 406 407
		primary = hwif;
	else {
		hwif->mate = primary;
		hwif->channel = 1;
	}
}

408
static const struct ide_port_info cy82c693_chipset __devinitdata = {
409 410 411 412
	.name		= "CY82C693",
	.init_chipset	= init_chipset_cy82c693,
	.init_iops	= init_iops_cy82c693,
	.init_hwif	= init_hwif_cy82c693,
413
	.chipset	= ide_cy82c693,
414
	.host_flags	= IDE_HFLAG_SINGLE | IDE_HFLAG_CY82C693 |
415
			  IDE_HFLAG_BOOTABLE,
Bartlomiej Zolnierkiewicz's avatar
Bartlomiej Zolnierkiewicz committed
416
	.pio_mask	= ATA_PIO4,
417 418
	.swdma_mask	= ATA_SWDMA2,
	.mwdma_mask	= ATA_MWDMA2,
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429
};

static int __devinit cy82c693_init_one(struct pci_dev *dev, const struct pci_device_id *id)
{
	struct pci_dev *dev2;
	int ret = -ENODEV;

	/* CY82C693 is more than only a IDE controller.
	   Function 1 is primary IDE channel, function 2 - secondary. */
        if ((dev->class >> 8) == PCI_CLASS_STORAGE_IDE &&
	    PCI_FUNC(dev->devfn) == 1) {
Alan Cox's avatar
Alan Cox committed
430
		dev2 = pci_get_slot(dev->bus, dev->devfn + 1);
431
		ret = ide_setup_pci_devices(dev, dev2, &cy82c693_chipset);
Alan Cox's avatar
Alan Cox committed
432
		/* We leak pci refs here but thats ok - we can't be unloaded */
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
433 434 435 436
	}
	return ret;
}

437 438
static const struct pci_device_id cy82c693_pci_tbl[] = {
	{ PCI_VDEVICE(CONTAQ, PCI_DEVICE_ID_CONTAQ_82C693), 0 },
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448
	{ 0, },
};
MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(pci, cy82c693_pci_tbl);

static struct pci_driver driver = {
	.name		= "Cypress_IDE",
	.id_table	= cy82c693_pci_tbl,
	.probe		= cy82c693_init_one,
};

449
static int __init cy82c693_ide_init(void)
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458
{
	return ide_pci_register_driver(&driver);
}

module_init(cy82c693_ide_init);

MODULE_AUTHOR("Andreas Krebs, Andre Hedrick");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("PCI driver module for the Cypress CY82C693 IDE");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");