fault.c 11.3 KB
Newer Older
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
/*
 *  PowerPC version
 *    Copyright (C) 1995-1996 Gary Thomas (gdt@linuxppc.org)
 *
 *  Derived from "arch/i386/mm/fault.c"
 *    Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994  Linus Torvalds
 *
 *  Modified by Cort Dougan and Paul Mackerras.
 *
 *  Modified for PPC64 by Dave Engebretsen (engebret@ibm.com)
 *
 *  This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 *  modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
 *  as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
 *  2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 */

#include <linux/signal.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/ptrace.h>
#include <linux/mman.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/kprobes.h>
31
#include <linux/kdebug.h>
32

33
#include <asm/firmware.h>
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
#include <asm/page.h>
#include <asm/pgtable.h>
#include <asm/mmu.h>
#include <asm/mmu_context.h>
#include <asm/system.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
#include <asm/siginfo.h>

43

44
45
#ifdef CONFIG_KPROBES
static inline int notify_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs)
46
{
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
	int ret = 0;

	/* kprobe_running() needs smp_processor_id() */
	if (!user_mode(regs)) {
		preempt_disable();
		if (kprobe_running() && kprobe_fault_handler(regs, 11))
			ret = 1;
		preempt_enable();
	}
56

57
	return ret;
58
59
}
#else
60
static inline int notify_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs)
61
{
62
	return 0;
63
64
65
}
#endif

66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
/*
 * Check whether the instruction at regs->nip is a store using
 * an update addressing form which will update r1.
 */
static int store_updates_sp(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
	unsigned int inst;

	if (get_user(inst, (unsigned int __user *)regs->nip))
		return 0;
	/* check for 1 in the rA field */
	if (((inst >> 16) & 0x1f) != 1)
		return 0;
	/* check major opcode */
	switch (inst >> 26) {
	case 37:	/* stwu */
	case 39:	/* stbu */
	case 45:	/* sthu */
	case 53:	/* stfsu */
	case 55:	/* stfdu */
		return 1;
	case 62:	/* std or stdu */
		return (inst & 3) == 1;
	case 31:
		/* check minor opcode */
		switch ((inst >> 1) & 0x3ff) {
		case 181:	/* stdux */
		case 183:	/* stwux */
		case 247:	/* stbux */
		case 439:	/* sthux */
		case 695:	/* stfsux */
		case 759:	/* stfdux */
			return 1;
		}
	}
	return 0;
}

/*
 * For 600- and 800-family processors, the error_code parameter is DSISR
 * for a data fault, SRR1 for an instruction fault. For 400-family processors
 * the error_code parameter is ESR for a data fault, 0 for an instruction
 * fault.
 * For 64-bit processors, the error_code parameter is
 *  - DSISR for a non-SLB data access fault,
 *  - SRR1 & 0x08000000 for a non-SLB instruction access fault
 *  - 0 any SLB fault.
 *
 * The return value is 0 if the fault was handled, or the signal
 * number if this is a kernel fault that can't be handled here.
 */
int __kprobes do_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address,
			    unsigned long error_code)
{
	struct vm_area_struct * vma;
	struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
	siginfo_t info;
	int code = SEGV_MAPERR;
Nick Piggin's avatar
Nick Piggin committed
124
	int is_write = 0, ret;
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
	int trap = TRAP(regs);
 	int is_exec = trap == 0x400;

#if !(defined(CONFIG_4xx) || defined(CONFIG_BOOKE))
	/*
	 * Fortunately the bit assignments in SRR1 for an instruction
	 * fault and DSISR for a data fault are mostly the same for the
	 * bits we are interested in.  But there are some bits which
	 * indicate errors in DSISR but can validly be set in SRR1.
	 */
	if (trap == 0x400)
		error_code &= 0x48200000;
	else
		is_write = error_code & DSISR_ISSTORE;
#else
	is_write = error_code & ESR_DST;
#endif /* CONFIG_4xx || CONFIG_BOOKE */

143
	if (notify_page_fault(regs))
144
145
		return 0;

146
147
	if (unlikely(debugger_fault_handler(regs)))
		return 0;
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155

	/* On a kernel SLB miss we can only check for a valid exception entry */
	if (!user_mode(regs) && (address >= TASK_SIZE))
		return SIGSEGV;

#if !(defined(CONFIG_4xx) || defined(CONFIG_BOOKE))
  	if (error_code & DSISR_DABRMATCH) {
		/* DABR match */
156
		do_dabr(regs, address, error_code);
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
		return 0;
	}
#endif /* !(CONFIG_4xx || CONFIG_BOOKE)*/

	if (in_atomic() || mm == NULL) {
		if (!user_mode(regs))
			return SIGSEGV;
		/* in_atomic() in user mode is really bad,
		   as is current->mm == NULL. */
166
		printk(KERN_EMERG "Page fault in user mode with "
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
		       "in_atomic() = %d mm = %p\n", in_atomic(), mm);
		printk(KERN_EMERG "NIP = %lx  MSR = %lx\n",
		       regs->nip, regs->msr);
		die("Weird page fault", regs, SIGSEGV);
	}

	/* When running in the kernel we expect faults to occur only to
	 * addresses in user space.  All other faults represent errors in the
175
176
	 * kernel and should generate an OOPS.  Unfortunately, in the case of an
	 * erroneous fault occurring in a code path which already holds mmap_sem
177
178
179
180
181
182
	 * we will deadlock attempting to validate the fault against the
	 * address space.  Luckily the kernel only validly references user
	 * space from well defined areas of code, which are listed in the
	 * exceptions table.
	 *
	 * As the vast majority of faults will be valid we will only perform
183
	 * the source reference check when there is a possibility of a deadlock.
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
	 * Attempt to lock the address space, if we cannot we then validate the
	 * source.  If this is invalid we can skip the address space check,
	 * thus avoiding the deadlock.
	 */
	if (!down_read_trylock(&mm->mmap_sem)) {
		if (!user_mode(regs) && !search_exception_tables(regs->nip))
			goto bad_area_nosemaphore;

		down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
	}

	vma = find_vma(mm, address);
	if (!vma)
		goto bad_area;
	if (vma->vm_start <= address)
		goto good_area;
	if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSDOWN))
		goto bad_area;

	/*
	 * N.B. The POWER/Open ABI allows programs to access up to
	 * 288 bytes below the stack pointer.
	 * The kernel signal delivery code writes up to about 1.5kB
	 * below the stack pointer (r1) before decrementing it.
	 * The exec code can write slightly over 640kB to the stack
	 * before setting the user r1.  Thus we allow the stack to
	 * expand to 1MB without further checks.
	 */
	if (address + 0x100000 < vma->vm_end) {
		/* get user regs even if this fault is in kernel mode */
		struct pt_regs *uregs = current->thread.regs;
		if (uregs == NULL)
			goto bad_area;

		/*
		 * A user-mode access to an address a long way below
		 * the stack pointer is only valid if the instruction
		 * is one which would update the stack pointer to the
		 * address accessed if the instruction completed,
		 * i.e. either stwu rs,n(r1) or stwux rs,r1,rb
		 * (or the byte, halfword, float or double forms).
		 *
		 * If we don't check this then any write to the area
		 * between the last mapped region and the stack will
		 * expand the stack rather than segfaulting.
		 */
		if (address + 2048 < uregs->gpr[1]
		    && (!user_mode(regs) || !store_updates_sp(regs)))
			goto bad_area;
	}
	if (expand_stack(vma, address))
		goto bad_area;

good_area:
	code = SEGV_ACCERR;
#if defined(CONFIG_6xx)
	if (error_code & 0x95700000)
		/* an error such as lwarx to I/O controller space,
		   address matching DABR, eciwx, etc. */
		goto bad_area;
#endif /* CONFIG_6xx */
#if defined(CONFIG_8xx)
        /* The MPC8xx seems to always set 0x80000000, which is
         * "undefined".  Of those that can be set, this is the only
         * one which seems bad.
         */
	if (error_code & 0x10000000)
                /* Guarded storage error. */
		goto bad_area;
#endif /* CONFIG_8xx */

	if (is_exec) {
256
#if !(defined(CONFIG_4xx) || defined(CONFIG_BOOKE))
257
258
259
		/* protection fault */
		if (error_code & DSISR_PROTFAULT)
			goto bad_area;
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
		/*
		 * Allow execution from readable areas if the MMU does not
		 * provide separate controls over reading and executing.
		 */
		if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_EXEC) &&
		    (cpu_has_feature(CPU_FTR_NOEXECUTE) ||
		     !(vma->vm_flags & (VM_READ | VM_WRITE))))
267
			goto bad_area;
268
#else
269
		pte_t *ptep;
270
		pmd_t *pmdp;
271
272
273
274

		/* Since 4xx/Book-E supports per-page execute permission,
		 * we lazily flush dcache to icache. */
		ptep = NULL;
275
276
277
278
279
		if (get_pteptr(mm, address, &ptep, &pmdp)) {
			spinlock_t *ptl = pte_lockptr(mm, pmdp);
			spin_lock(ptl);
			if (pte_present(*ptep)) {
				struct page *page = pte_page(*ptep);
280

281
282
283
284
				if (!test_bit(PG_arch_1, &page->flags)) {
					flush_dcache_icache_page(page);
					set_bit(PG_arch_1, &page->flags);
				}
285
286
				pte_update(ptep, 0, _PAGE_HWEXEC |
					   _PAGE_ACCESSED);
287
				_tlbie(address, mm->context.id);
288
289
290
				pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl);
				up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
				return 0;
291
			}
292
			pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl);
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
		}
#endif
	/* a write */
	} else if (is_write) {
		if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE))
			goto bad_area;
	/* a read */
	} else {
		/* protection fault */
		if (error_code & 0x08000000)
			goto bad_area;
304
		if (!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_READ | VM_EXEC | VM_WRITE)))
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
			goto bad_area;
	}

	/*
	 * If for any reason at all we couldn't handle the fault,
	 * make sure we exit gracefully rather than endlessly redo
	 * the fault.
	 */
 survive:
Nick Piggin's avatar
Nick Piggin committed
314
315
316
317
318
319
	ret = handle_mm_fault(mm, vma, address, is_write);
	if (unlikely(ret & VM_FAULT_ERROR)) {
		if (ret & VM_FAULT_OOM)
			goto out_of_memory;
		else if (ret & VM_FAULT_SIGBUS)
			goto do_sigbus;
320
321
		BUG();
	}
322
	if (ret & VM_FAULT_MAJOR) {
Nick Piggin's avatar
Nick Piggin committed
323
		current->maj_flt++;
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_SMLPAR
		if (firmware_has_feature(FW_FEATURE_CMO)) {
			preempt_disable();
			get_lppaca()->page_ins++;
			preempt_enable();
		}
#endif
	} else
Nick Piggin's avatar
Nick Piggin committed
332
		current->min_flt++;
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
	up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
	return 0;

bad_area:
	up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);

bad_area_nosemaphore:
	/* User mode accesses cause a SIGSEGV */
	if (user_mode(regs)) {
		_exception(SIGSEGV, regs, code, address);
		return 0;
	}

	if (is_exec && (error_code & DSISR_PROTFAULT)
	    && printk_ratelimit())
		printk(KERN_CRIT "kernel tried to execute NX-protected"
		       " page (%lx) - exploit attempt? (uid: %d)\n",
		       address, current->uid);

	return SIGSEGV;

/*
 * We ran out of memory, or some other thing happened to us that made
 * us unable to handle the page fault gracefully.
 */
out_of_memory:
	up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
360
	if (is_global_init(current)) {
361
362
363
364
365
366
		yield();
		down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
		goto survive;
	}
	printk("VM: killing process %s\n", current->comm);
	if (user_mode(regs))
367
		do_group_exit(SIGKILL);
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
	return SIGKILL;

do_sigbus:
	up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
	if (user_mode(regs)) {
		info.si_signo = SIGBUS;
		info.si_errno = 0;
		info.si_code = BUS_ADRERR;
		info.si_addr = (void __user *)address;
		force_sig_info(SIGBUS, &info, current);
		return 0;
	}
	return SIGBUS;
}

/*
 * bad_page_fault is called when we have a bad access from the kernel.
 * It is called from the DSI and ISI handlers in head.S and from some
 * of the procedures in traps.c.
 */
void bad_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address, int sig)
{
	const struct exception_table_entry *entry;

	/* Are we prepared to handle this fault?  */
	if ((entry = search_exception_tables(regs->nip)) != NULL) {
		regs->nip = entry->fixup;
		return;
	}

	/* kernel has accessed a bad area */
399
400

	switch (regs->trap) {
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
	case 0x300:
	case 0x380:
		printk(KERN_ALERT "Unable to handle kernel paging request for "
			"data at address 0x%08lx\n", regs->dar);
		break;
	case 0x400:
	case 0x480:
		printk(KERN_ALERT "Unable to handle kernel paging request for "
			"instruction fetch\n");
		break;
	default:
		printk(KERN_ALERT "Unable to handle kernel paging request for "
			"unknown fault\n");
		break;
415
416
417
418
	}
	printk(KERN_ALERT "Faulting instruction address: 0x%08lx\n",
		regs->nip);

419
420
	die("Kernel access of bad area", regs, sig);
}