pci.h 37.8 KB
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/*
 *	pci.h
 *
 *	PCI defines and function prototypes
 *	Copyright 1994, Drew Eckhardt
 *	Copyright 1997--1999 Martin Mares <mj@ucw.cz>
 *
 *	For more information, please consult the following manuals (look at
 *	http://www.pcisig.com/ for how to get them):
 *
 *	PCI BIOS Specification
 *	PCI Local Bus Specification
 *	PCI to PCI Bridge Specification
 *	PCI System Design Guide
 */

#ifndef LINUX_PCI_H
#define LINUX_PCI_H

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#include <linux/pci_regs.h>	/* The pci register defines */
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/*
 * The PCI interface treats multi-function devices as independent
 * devices.  The slot/function address of each device is encoded
 * in a single byte as follows:
 *
 *	7:3 = slot
 *	2:0 = function
 */
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#define PCI_DEVFN(slot, func)	((((slot) & 0x1f) << 3) | ((func) & 0x07))
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#define PCI_SLOT(devfn)		(((devfn) >> 3) & 0x1f)
#define PCI_FUNC(devfn)		((devfn) & 0x07)

/* Ioctls for /proc/bus/pci/X/Y nodes. */
#define PCIIOC_BASE		('P' << 24 | 'C' << 16 | 'I' << 8)
#define PCIIOC_CONTROLLER	(PCIIOC_BASE | 0x00)	/* Get controller for PCI device. */
#define PCIIOC_MMAP_IS_IO	(PCIIOC_BASE | 0x01)	/* Set mmap state to I/O space. */
#define PCIIOC_MMAP_IS_MEM	(PCIIOC_BASE | 0x02)	/* Set mmap state to MEM space. */
#define PCIIOC_WRITE_COMBINE	(PCIIOC_BASE | 0x03)	/* Enable/disable write-combining. */

#ifdef __KERNEL__

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#include <linux/mod_devicetable.h>

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#include <linux/types.h>
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#include <linux/init.h>
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#include <linux/ioport.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
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#include <linux/compiler.h>
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#include <linux/errno.h>
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#include <linux/kobject.h>
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#include <asm/atomic.h>
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#include <linux/device.h>
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#include <linux/io.h>
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/* Include the ID list */
#include <linux/pci_ids.h>

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/* pci_slot represents a physical slot */
struct pci_slot {
	struct pci_bus *bus;		/* The bus this slot is on */
	struct list_head list;		/* node in list of slots on this bus */
	struct hotplug_slot *hotplug;	/* Hotplug info (migrate over time) */
	unsigned char number;		/* PCI_SLOT(pci_dev->devfn) */
	struct kobject kobj;
};

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static inline const char *pci_slot_name(const struct pci_slot *slot)
{
	return kobject_name(&slot->kobj);
}

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/* File state for mmap()s on /proc/bus/pci/X/Y */
enum pci_mmap_state {
	pci_mmap_io,
	pci_mmap_mem
};

/* This defines the direction arg to the DMA mapping routines. */
#define PCI_DMA_BIDIRECTIONAL	0
#define PCI_DMA_TODEVICE	1
#define PCI_DMA_FROMDEVICE	2
#define PCI_DMA_NONE		3

#define DEVICE_COUNT_RESOURCE	12

typedef int __bitwise pci_power_t;

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#define PCI_D0		((pci_power_t __force) 0)
#define PCI_D1		((pci_power_t __force) 1)
#define PCI_D2		((pci_power_t __force) 2)
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#define PCI_D3hot	((pci_power_t __force) 3)
#define PCI_D3cold	((pci_power_t __force) 4)
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#define PCI_UNKNOWN	((pci_power_t __force) 5)
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#define PCI_POWER_ERROR	((pci_power_t __force) -1)
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/** The pci_channel state describes connectivity between the CPU and
 *  the pci device.  If some PCI bus between here and the pci device
 *  has crashed or locked up, this info is reflected here.
 */
typedef unsigned int __bitwise pci_channel_state_t;

enum pci_channel_state {
	/* I/O channel is in normal state */
	pci_channel_io_normal = (__force pci_channel_state_t) 1,

	/* I/O to channel is blocked */
	pci_channel_io_frozen = (__force pci_channel_state_t) 2,

	/* PCI card is dead */
	pci_channel_io_perm_failure = (__force pci_channel_state_t) 3,
};

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typedef unsigned int __bitwise pcie_reset_state_t;

enum pcie_reset_state {
	/* Reset is NOT asserted (Use to deassert reset) */
	pcie_deassert_reset = (__force pcie_reset_state_t) 1,

	/* Use #PERST to reset PCI-E device */
	pcie_warm_reset = (__force pcie_reset_state_t) 2,

	/* Use PCI-E Hot Reset to reset device */
	pcie_hot_reset = (__force pcie_reset_state_t) 3
};

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typedef unsigned short __bitwise pci_dev_flags_t;
enum pci_dev_flags {
	/* INTX_DISABLE in PCI_COMMAND register disables MSI
	 * generation too.
	 */
	PCI_DEV_FLAGS_MSI_INTX_DISABLE_BUG = (__force pci_dev_flags_t) 1,
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	/* Device configuration is irrevocably lost if disabled into D3 */
	PCI_DEV_FLAGS_NO_D3 = (__force pci_dev_flags_t) 2,
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};

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enum pci_irq_reroute_variant {
	INTEL_IRQ_REROUTE_VARIANT = 1,
	MAX_IRQ_REROUTE_VARIANTS = 3
};

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typedef unsigned short __bitwise pci_bus_flags_t;
enum pci_bus_flags {
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	PCI_BUS_FLAGS_NO_MSI   = (__force pci_bus_flags_t) 1,
	PCI_BUS_FLAGS_NO_MMRBC = (__force pci_bus_flags_t) 2,
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};

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struct pci_cap_saved_state {
	struct hlist_node next;
	char cap_nr;
	u32 data[0];
};

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struct pcie_link_state;
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struct pci_vpd;

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/*
 * The pci_dev structure is used to describe PCI devices.
 */
struct pci_dev {
	struct list_head bus_list;	/* node in per-bus list */
	struct pci_bus	*bus;		/* bus this device is on */
	struct pci_bus	*subordinate;	/* bus this device bridges to */

	void		*sysdata;	/* hook for sys-specific extension */
	struct proc_dir_entry *procent;	/* device entry in /proc/bus/pci */
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	struct pci_slot	*slot;		/* Physical slot this device is in */
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	unsigned int	devfn;		/* encoded device & function index */
	unsigned short	vendor;
	unsigned short	device;
	unsigned short	subsystem_vendor;
	unsigned short	subsystem_device;
	unsigned int	class;		/* 3 bytes: (base,sub,prog-if) */
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	u8		revision;	/* PCI revision, low byte of class word */
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	u8		hdr_type;	/* PCI header type (`multi' flag masked out) */
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	u8		pcie_type;	/* PCI-E device/port type */
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	u8		rom_base_reg;	/* which config register controls the ROM */
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	u8		pin;  		/* which interrupt pin this device uses */
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	struct pci_driver *driver;	/* which driver has allocated this device */
	u64		dma_mask;	/* Mask of the bits of bus address this
					   device implements.  Normally this is
					   0xffffffff.  You only need to change
					   this if your device has broken DMA
					   or supports 64-bit transfers.  */

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	struct device_dma_parameters dma_parms;

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	pci_power_t     current_state;  /* Current operating state. In ACPI-speak,
					   this is D0-D3, D0 being fully functional,
					   and D3 being off. */
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	int		pm_cap;		/* PM capability offset in the
					   configuration space */
	unsigned int	pme_support:5;	/* Bitmask of states from which PME#
					   can be generated */
	unsigned int	d1_support:1;	/* Low power state D1 is supported */
	unsigned int	d2_support:1;	/* Low power state D2 is supported */
	unsigned int	no_d1d2:1;	/* Only allow D0 and D3 */
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#ifdef CONFIG_PCIEASPM
	struct pcie_link_state	*link_state;	/* ASPM link state. */
#endif

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	pci_channel_state_t error_state;	/* current connectivity state */
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	struct	device	dev;		/* Generic device interface */

	int		cfg_size;	/* Size of configuration space */

	/*
	 * Instead of touching interrupt line and base address registers
	 * directly, use the values stored here. They might be different!
	 */
	unsigned int	irq;
	struct resource resource[DEVICE_COUNT_RESOURCE]; /* I/O and memory regions + expansion ROMs */

	/* These fields are used by common fixups */
	unsigned int	transparent:1;	/* Transparent PCI bridge */
	unsigned int	multifunction:1;/* Part of multi-function device */
	/* keep track of device state */
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	unsigned int	is_added:1;
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	unsigned int	is_busmaster:1; /* device is busmaster */
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	unsigned int	no_msi:1;	/* device may not use msi */
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	unsigned int	block_ucfg_access:1;	/* userspace config space access is blocked */
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	unsigned int	broken_parity_status:1;	/* Device generates false positive parity */
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	unsigned int	irq_reroute_variant:2;	/* device needs IRQ rerouting variant */
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	unsigned int 	msi_enabled:1;
	unsigned int	msix_enabled:1;
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	unsigned int	ari_enabled:1;	/* ARI forwarding */
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	unsigned int	is_managed:1;
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	unsigned int	is_pcie:1;
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	pci_dev_flags_t dev_flags;
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	atomic_t	enable_cnt;	/* pci_enable_device has been called */
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	u32		saved_config_space[16]; /* config space saved at suspend time */
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	struct hlist_head saved_cap_space;
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	struct bin_attribute *rom_attr; /* attribute descriptor for sysfs ROM entry */
	int rom_attr_enabled;		/* has display of the rom attribute been enabled? */
	struct bin_attribute *res_attr[DEVICE_COUNT_RESOURCE]; /* sysfs file for resources */
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	struct bin_attribute *res_attr_wc[DEVICE_COUNT_RESOURCE]; /* sysfs file for WC mapping of resources */
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#ifdef CONFIG_PCI_MSI
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	struct list_head msi_list;
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#endif
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	struct pci_vpd *vpd;
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};

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extern struct pci_dev *alloc_pci_dev(void);

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#define pci_dev_b(n) list_entry(n, struct pci_dev, bus_list)
#define	to_pci_dev(n) container_of(n, struct pci_dev, dev)
#define for_each_pci_dev(d) while ((d = pci_get_device(PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, d)) != NULL)

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static inline int pci_channel_offline(struct pci_dev *pdev)
{
	return (pdev->error_state != pci_channel_io_normal);
}

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static inline struct pci_cap_saved_state *pci_find_saved_cap(
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	struct pci_dev *pci_dev, char cap)
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{
	struct pci_cap_saved_state *tmp;
	struct hlist_node *pos;

	hlist_for_each_entry(tmp, pos, &pci_dev->saved_cap_space, next) {
		if (tmp->cap_nr == cap)
			return tmp;
	}
	return NULL;
}

static inline void pci_add_saved_cap(struct pci_dev *pci_dev,
	struct pci_cap_saved_state *new_cap)
{
	hlist_add_head(&new_cap->next, &pci_dev->saved_cap_space);
}

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/*
 *  For PCI devices, the region numbers are assigned this way:
 *
 *	0-5	standard PCI regions
 *	6	expansion ROM
 *	7-10	bridges: address space assigned to buses behind the bridge
 */

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#define PCI_ROM_RESOURCE	6
#define PCI_BRIDGE_RESOURCES	7
#define PCI_NUM_RESOURCES	11
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#ifndef PCI_BUS_NUM_RESOURCES
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#define PCI_BUS_NUM_RESOURCES	16
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#endif
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#define PCI_REGION_FLAG_MASK	0x0fU	/* These bits of resource flags tell us the PCI region flags */
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struct pci_bus {
	struct list_head node;		/* node in list of buses */
	struct pci_bus	*parent;	/* parent bus this bridge is on */
	struct list_head children;	/* list of child buses */
	struct list_head devices;	/* list of devices on this bus */
	struct pci_dev	*self;		/* bridge device as seen by parent */
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	struct list_head slots;		/* list of slots on this bus */
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	struct resource	*resource[PCI_BUS_NUM_RESOURCES];
					/* address space routed to this bus */

	struct pci_ops	*ops;		/* configuration access functions */
	void		*sysdata;	/* hook for sys-specific extension */
	struct proc_dir_entry *procdir;	/* directory entry in /proc/bus/pci */

	unsigned char	number;		/* bus number */
	unsigned char	primary;	/* number of primary bridge */
	unsigned char	secondary;	/* number of secondary bridge */
	unsigned char	subordinate;	/* max number of subordinate buses */

	char		name[48];

	unsigned short  bridge_ctl;	/* manage NO_ISA/FBB/et al behaviors */
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	pci_bus_flags_t bus_flags;	/* Inherited by child busses */
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	struct device		*bridge;
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	struct device		dev;
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	struct bin_attribute	*legacy_io; /* legacy I/O for this bus */
	struct bin_attribute	*legacy_mem; /* legacy mem */
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	unsigned int		is_added:1;
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};

#define pci_bus_b(n)	list_entry(n, struct pci_bus, node)
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#define to_pci_bus(n)	container_of(n, struct pci_bus, dev)
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/*
 * Error values that may be returned by PCI functions.
 */
#define PCIBIOS_SUCCESSFUL		0x00
#define PCIBIOS_FUNC_NOT_SUPPORTED	0x81
#define PCIBIOS_BAD_VENDOR_ID		0x83
#define PCIBIOS_DEVICE_NOT_FOUND	0x86
#define PCIBIOS_BAD_REGISTER_NUMBER	0x87
#define PCIBIOS_SET_FAILED		0x88
#define PCIBIOS_BUFFER_TOO_SMALL	0x89

/* Low-level architecture-dependent routines */

struct pci_ops {
	int (*read)(struct pci_bus *bus, unsigned int devfn, int where, int size, u32 *val);
	int (*write)(struct pci_bus *bus, unsigned int devfn, int where, int size, u32 val);
};

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/*
 * ACPI needs to be able to access PCI config space before we've done a
 * PCI bus scan and created pci_bus structures.
 */
extern int raw_pci_read(unsigned int domain, unsigned int bus,
			unsigned int devfn, int reg, int len, u32 *val);
extern int raw_pci_write(unsigned int domain, unsigned int bus,
			unsigned int devfn, int reg, int len, u32 val);
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struct pci_bus_region {
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	resource_size_t start;
	resource_size_t end;
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};

struct pci_dynids {
	spinlock_t lock;            /* protects list, index */
	struct list_head list;      /* for IDs added at runtime */
};

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/* ---------------------------------------------------------------- */
/** PCI Error Recovery System (PCI-ERS).  If a PCI device driver provides
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 *  a set of callbacks in struct pci_error_handlers, then that device driver
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 *  will be notified of PCI bus errors, and will be driven to recovery
 *  when an error occurs.
 */

typedef unsigned int __bitwise pci_ers_result_t;

enum pci_ers_result {
	/* no result/none/not supported in device driver */
	PCI_ERS_RESULT_NONE = (__force pci_ers_result_t) 1,

	/* Device driver can recover without slot reset */
	PCI_ERS_RESULT_CAN_RECOVER = (__force pci_ers_result_t) 2,

	/* Device driver wants slot to be reset. */
	PCI_ERS_RESULT_NEED_RESET = (__force pci_ers_result_t) 3,

	/* Device has completely failed, is unrecoverable */
	PCI_ERS_RESULT_DISCONNECT = (__force pci_ers_result_t) 4,

	/* Device driver is fully recovered and operational */
	PCI_ERS_RESULT_RECOVERED = (__force pci_ers_result_t) 5,
};

/* PCI bus error event callbacks */
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struct pci_error_handlers {
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	/* PCI bus error detected on this device */
	pci_ers_result_t (*error_detected)(struct pci_dev *dev,
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					   enum pci_channel_state error);
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	/* MMIO has been re-enabled, but not DMA */
	pci_ers_result_t (*mmio_enabled)(struct pci_dev *dev);

	/* PCI Express link has been reset */
	pci_ers_result_t (*link_reset)(struct pci_dev *dev);

	/* PCI slot has been reset */
	pci_ers_result_t (*slot_reset)(struct pci_dev *dev);

	/* Device driver may resume normal operations */
	void (*resume)(struct pci_dev *dev);
};

/* ---------------------------------------------------------------- */

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struct module;
struct pci_driver {
	struct list_head node;
	char *name;
	const struct pci_device_id *id_table;	/* must be non-NULL for probe to be called */
	int  (*probe)  (struct pci_dev *dev, const struct pci_device_id *id);	/* New device inserted */
	void (*remove) (struct pci_dev *dev);	/* Device removed (NULL if not a hot-plug capable driver) */
	int  (*suspend) (struct pci_dev *dev, pm_message_t state);	/* Device suspended */
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	int  (*suspend_late) (struct pci_dev *dev, pm_message_t state);
	int  (*resume_early) (struct pci_dev *dev);
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	int  (*resume) (struct pci_dev *dev);	                /* Device woken up */
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	void (*shutdown) (struct pci_dev *dev);
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	struct pm_ext_ops *pm;
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	struct pci_error_handlers *err_handler;
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	struct device_driver	driver;
	struct pci_dynids dynids;
};

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#define	to_pci_driver(drv) container_of(drv, struct pci_driver, driver)
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/**
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 * DEFINE_PCI_DEVICE_TABLE - macro used to describe a pci device table
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 * @_table: device table name
 *
 * This macro is used to create a struct pci_device_id array (a device table)
 * in a generic manner.
 */
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#define DEFINE_PCI_DEVICE_TABLE(_table) \
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	const struct pci_device_id _table[] __devinitconst

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/**
 * PCI_DEVICE - macro used to describe a specific pci device
 * @vend: the 16 bit PCI Vendor ID
 * @dev: the 16 bit PCI Device ID
 *
 * This macro is used to create a struct pci_device_id that matches a
 * specific device.  The subvendor and subdevice fields will be set to
 * PCI_ANY_ID.
 */
#define PCI_DEVICE(vend,dev) \
	.vendor = (vend), .device = (dev), \
	.subvendor = PCI_ANY_ID, .subdevice = PCI_ANY_ID

/**
 * PCI_DEVICE_CLASS - macro used to describe a specific pci device class
 * @dev_class: the class, subclass, prog-if triple for this device
 * @dev_class_mask: the class mask for this device
 *
 * This macro is used to create a struct pci_device_id that matches a
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 * specific PCI class.  The vendor, device, subvendor, and subdevice
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 * fields will be set to PCI_ANY_ID.
 */
#define PCI_DEVICE_CLASS(dev_class,dev_class_mask) \
	.class = (dev_class), .class_mask = (dev_class_mask), \
	.vendor = PCI_ANY_ID, .device = PCI_ANY_ID, \
	.subvendor = PCI_ANY_ID, .subdevice = PCI_ANY_ID

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/**
 * PCI_VDEVICE - macro used to describe a specific pci device in short form
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 * @vendor: the vendor name
 * @device: the 16 bit PCI Device ID
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 *
 * This macro is used to create a struct pci_device_id that matches a
 * specific PCI device.  The subvendor, and subdevice fields will be set
 * to PCI_ANY_ID. The macro allows the next field to follow as the device
 * private data.
 */

#define PCI_VDEVICE(vendor, device)		\
	PCI_VENDOR_ID_##vendor, (device),	\
	PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, 0, 0

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/* these external functions are only available when PCI support is enabled */
#ifdef CONFIG_PCI

extern struct bus_type pci_bus_type;

/* Do NOT directly access these two variables, unless you are arch specific pci
 * code, or pci core code. */
extern struct list_head pci_root_buses;	/* list of all known PCI buses */
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/* Some device drivers need know if pci is initiated */
extern int no_pci_devices(void);
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void pcibios_fixup_bus(struct pci_bus *);
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int __must_check pcibios_enable_device(struct pci_dev *, int mask);
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char *pcibios_setup(char *str);
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/* Used only when drivers/pci/setup.c is used */
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void pcibios_align_resource(void *, struct resource *, resource_size_t,
				resource_size_t);
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void pcibios_update_irq(struct pci_dev *, int irq);

/* Generic PCI functions used internally */

extern struct pci_bus *pci_find_bus(int domain, int busnr);
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void pci_bus_add_devices(struct pci_bus *bus);
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struct pci_bus *pci_scan_bus_parented(struct device *parent, int bus,
				      struct pci_ops *ops, void *sysdata);
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static inline struct pci_bus * __devinit pci_scan_bus(int bus, struct pci_ops *ops,
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					   void *sysdata)
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{
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	struct pci_bus *root_bus;
	root_bus = pci_scan_bus_parented(NULL, bus, ops, sysdata);
	if (root_bus)
		pci_bus_add_devices(root_bus);
	return root_bus;
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}
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struct pci_bus *pci_create_bus(struct device *parent, int bus,
			       struct pci_ops *ops, void *sysdata);
struct pci_bus *pci_add_new_bus(struct pci_bus *parent, struct pci_dev *dev,
				int busnr);
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struct pci_slot *pci_create_slot(struct pci_bus *parent, int slot_nr,
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				 const char *name,
				 struct hotplug_slot *hotplug);
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void pci_destroy_slot(struct pci_slot *slot);
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void pci_renumber_slot(struct pci_slot *slot, int slot_nr);
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int pci_scan_slot(struct pci_bus *bus, int devfn);
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struct pci_dev *pci_scan_single_device(struct pci_bus *bus, int devfn);
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void pci_device_add(struct pci_dev *dev, struct pci_bus *bus);
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unsigned int pci_scan_child_bus(struct pci_bus *bus);
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int __must_check pci_bus_add_device(struct pci_dev *dev);
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void pci_read_bridge_bases(struct pci_bus *child);
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struct resource *pci_find_parent_resource(const struct pci_dev *dev,
					  struct resource *res);
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int pci_get_interrupt_pin(struct pci_dev *dev, struct pci_dev **bridge);
extern struct pci_dev *pci_dev_get(struct pci_dev *dev);
extern void pci_dev_put(struct pci_dev *dev);
extern void pci_remove_bus(struct pci_bus *b);
extern void pci_remove_bus_device(struct pci_dev *dev);
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extern void pci_stop_bus_device(struct pci_dev *dev);
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void pci_setup_cardbus(struct pci_bus *bus);
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extern void pci_sort_breadthfirst(void);
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/* Generic PCI functions exported to card drivers */

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#ifdef CONFIG_PCI_LEGACY
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struct pci_dev __deprecated *pci_find_device(unsigned int vendor,
					     unsigned int device,
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					     struct pci_dev *from);
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struct pci_dev __deprecated *pci_find_slot(unsigned int bus,
					   unsigned int devfn);
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#endif /* CONFIG_PCI_LEGACY */

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enum pci_lost_interrupt_reason {
	PCI_LOST_IRQ_NO_INFORMATION = 0,
	PCI_LOST_IRQ_DISABLE_MSI,
	PCI_LOST_IRQ_DISABLE_MSIX,
	PCI_LOST_IRQ_DISABLE_ACPI,
};
enum pci_lost_interrupt_reason pci_lost_interrupt(struct pci_dev *dev);
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int pci_find_capability(struct pci_dev *dev, int cap);
int pci_find_next_capability(struct pci_dev *dev, u8 pos, int cap);
int pci_find_ext_capability(struct pci_dev *dev, int cap);
int pci_find_ht_capability(struct pci_dev *dev, int ht_cap);
int pci_find_next_ht_capability(struct pci_dev *dev, int pos, int ht_cap);
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struct pci_bus *pci_find_next_bus(const struct pci_bus *from);
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struct pci_dev *pci_get_device(unsigned int vendor, unsigned int device,
				struct pci_dev *from);
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struct pci_dev *pci_get_subsys(unsigned int vendor, unsigned int device,
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				unsigned int ss_vendor, unsigned int ss_device,
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				struct pci_dev *from);
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struct pci_dev *pci_get_slot(struct pci_bus *bus, unsigned int devfn);
struct pci_dev *pci_get_bus_and_slot(unsigned int bus, unsigned int devfn);
struct pci_dev *pci_get_class(unsigned int class, struct pci_dev *from);
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int pci_dev_present(const struct pci_device_id *ids);

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int pci_bus_read_config_byte(struct pci_bus *bus, unsigned int devfn,
			     int where, u8 *val);
int pci_bus_read_config_word(struct pci_bus *bus, unsigned int devfn,
			     int where, u16 *val);
int pci_bus_read_config_dword(struct pci_bus *bus, unsigned int devfn,
			      int where, u32 *val);
int pci_bus_write_config_byte(struct pci_bus *bus, unsigned int devfn,
			      int where, u8 val);
int pci_bus_write_config_word(struct pci_bus *bus, unsigned int devfn,
			      int where, u16 val);
int pci_bus_write_config_dword(struct pci_bus *bus, unsigned int devfn,
			       int where, u32 val);
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static inline int pci_read_config_byte(struct pci_dev *dev, int where, u8 *val)
{
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	return pci_bus_read_config_byte(dev->bus, dev->devfn, where, val);
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}
static inline int pci_read_config_word(struct pci_dev *dev, int where, u16 *val)
{
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	return pci_bus_read_config_word(dev->bus, dev->devfn, where, val);
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}
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static inline int pci_read_config_dword(struct pci_dev *dev, int where,
					u32 *val)
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{
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	return pci_bus_read_config_dword(dev->bus, dev->devfn, where, val);
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}
static inline int pci_write_config_byte(struct pci_dev *dev, int where, u8 val)
{
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	return pci_bus_write_config_byte(dev->bus, dev->devfn, where, val);
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}
static inline int pci_write_config_word(struct pci_dev *dev, int where, u16 val)
{
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	return pci_bus_write_config_word(dev->bus, dev->devfn, where, val);
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}
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static inline int pci_write_config_dword(struct pci_dev *dev, int where,
					 u32 val)
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{
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	return pci_bus_write_config_dword(dev->bus, dev->devfn, where, val);
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}

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int __must_check pci_enable_device(struct pci_dev *dev);
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int __must_check pci_enable_device_io(struct pci_dev *dev);
int __must_check pci_enable_device_mem(struct pci_dev *dev);
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int __must_check pci_reenable_device(struct pci_dev *);
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int __must_check pcim_enable_device(struct pci_dev *pdev);
void pcim_pin_device(struct pci_dev *pdev);

static inline int pci_is_managed(struct pci_dev *pdev)
{
	return pdev->is_managed;
}

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void pci_disable_device(struct pci_dev *dev);
void pci_set_master(struct pci_dev *dev);
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int pci_set_pcie_reset_state(struct pci_dev *dev, enum pcie_reset_state state);
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#define HAVE_PCI_SET_MWI
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int __must_check pci_set_mwi(struct pci_dev *dev);
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int pci_try_set_mwi(struct pci_dev *dev);
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void pci_clear_mwi(struct pci_dev *dev);
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void pci_intx(struct pci_dev *dev, int enable);
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void pci_msi_off(struct pci_dev *dev);
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int pci_set_dma_mask(struct pci_dev *dev, u64 mask);
int pci_set_consistent_dma_mask(struct pci_dev *dev, u64 mask);
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int pci_set_dma_max_seg_size(struct pci_dev *dev, unsigned int size);
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int pci_set_dma_seg_boundary(struct pci_dev *dev, unsigned long mask);
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int pcix_get_max_mmrbc(struct pci_dev *dev);
int pcix_get_mmrbc(struct pci_dev *dev);
int pcix_set_mmrbc(struct pci_dev *dev, int mmrbc);
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int pcie_get_readrq(struct pci_dev *dev);
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int pcie_set_readrq(struct pci_dev *dev, int rq);
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int pci_reset_function(struct pci_dev *dev);
int pci_execute_reset_function(struct pci_dev *dev);
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void pci_update_resource(struct pci_dev *dev, struct resource *res, int resno);
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int __must_check pci_assign_resource(struct pci_dev *dev, int i);
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int pci_select_bars(struct pci_dev *dev, unsigned long flags);
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/* ROM control related routines */
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int pci_enable_rom(struct pci_dev *pdev);
void pci_disable_rom(struct pci_dev *pdev);
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void __iomem __must_check *pci_map_rom(struct pci_dev *pdev, size_t *size);
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void pci_unmap_rom(struct pci_dev *pdev, void __iomem *rom);
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size_t pci_get_rom_size(void __iomem *rom, size_t size);
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/* Power management related routines */
int pci_save_state(struct pci_dev *dev);
int pci_restore_state(struct pci_dev *dev);
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int pci_set_power_state(struct pci_dev *dev, pci_power_t state);
pci_power_t pci_choose_state(struct pci_dev *dev, pm_message_t state);
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bool pci_pme_capable(struct pci_dev *dev, pci_power_t state);
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void pci_pme_active(struct pci_dev *dev, bool enable);
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int pci_enable_wake(struct pci_dev *dev, pci_power_t state, int enable);
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int pci_wake_from_d3(struct pci_dev *dev, bool enable);
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pci_power_t pci_target_state(struct pci_dev *dev);
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int pci_prepare_to_sleep(struct pci_dev *dev);
int pci_back_from_sleep(struct pci_dev *dev);
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/* Functions for PCI Hotplug drivers to use */
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int pci_bus_find_capability(struct pci_bus *bus, unsigned int devfn, int cap);
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/* Helper functions for low-level code (drivers/pci/setup-[bus,res].c) */
void pci_bus_assign_resources(struct pci_bus *bus);
void pci_bus_size_bridges(struct pci_bus *bus);
int pci_claim_resource(struct pci_dev *, int);
void pci_assign_unassigned_resources(void);
void pdev_enable_device(struct pci_dev *);
void pdev_sort_resources(struct pci_dev *, struct resource_list *);
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int pci_enable_resources(struct pci_dev *, int mask);
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void pci_fixup_irqs(u8 (*)(struct pci_dev *, u8 *),
		    int (*)(struct pci_dev *, u8, u8));
#define HAVE_PCI_REQ_REGIONS	2
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int __must_check pci_request_regions(struct pci_dev *, const char *);
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void pci_release_regions(struct pci_dev *);
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int __must_check pci_request_region(struct pci_dev *, int, const char *);
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void pci_release_region(struct pci_dev *, int);
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int pci_request_selected_regions(struct pci_dev *, int, const char *);
void pci_release_selected_regions(struct pci_dev *, int);
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/* drivers/pci/bus.c */
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int __must_check pci_bus_alloc_resource(struct pci_bus *bus,
			struct resource *res, resource_size_t size,
			resource_size_t align, resource_size_t min,
			unsigned int type_mask,
			void (*alignf)(void *, struct resource *,
				resource_size_t, resource_size_t),
			void *alignf_data);
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void pci_enable_bridges(struct pci_bus *bus);

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/* Proper probing supporting hot-pluggable devices */
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int __must_check __pci_register_driver(struct pci_driver *, struct module *,
				       const char *mod_name);
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/*
 * pci_register_driver must be a macro so that KBUILD_MODNAME can be expanded
 */
#define pci_register_driver(driver)		\
	__pci_register_driver(driver, THIS_MODULE, KBUILD_MODNAME)
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void pci_unregister_driver(struct pci_driver *dev);
void pci_remove_behind_bridge(struct pci_dev *dev);
struct pci_driver *pci_dev_driver(const struct pci_dev *dev);
const struct pci_device_id *pci_match_id(const struct pci_device_id *ids,
					 struct pci_dev *dev);
int pci_scan_bridge(struct pci_bus *bus, struct pci_dev *dev, int max,
		    int pass);
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void pci_walk_bus(struct pci_bus *top, void (*cb)(struct pci_dev *, void *),
		  void *userdata);
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int pci_cfg_space_size_ext(struct pci_dev *dev);
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int pci_cfg_space_size(struct pci_dev *dev);
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unsigned char pci_bus_max_busnr(struct pci_bus *bus);
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/* kmem_cache style wrapper around pci_alloc_consistent() */

#include <linux/dmapool.h>

#define	pci_pool dma_pool
#define pci_pool_create(name, pdev, size, align, allocation) \
		dma_pool_create(name, &pdev->dev, size, align, allocation)
#define	pci_pool_destroy(pool) dma_pool_destroy(pool)
#define	pci_pool_alloc(pool, flags, handle) dma_pool_alloc(pool, flags, handle)
#define	pci_pool_free(pool, vaddr, addr) dma_pool_free(pool, vaddr, addr)

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enum pci_dma_burst_strategy {
	PCI_DMA_BURST_INFINITY,	/* make bursts as large as possible,
				   strategy_parameter is N/A */
	PCI_DMA_BURST_BOUNDARY, /* disconnect at every strategy_parameter
				   byte boundaries */
	PCI_DMA_BURST_MULTIPLE, /* disconnect at some multiple of
				   strategy_parameter byte boundaries */
};

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struct msix_entry {
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	u32	vector;	/* kernel uses to write allocated vector */
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	u16	entry;	/* driver uses to specify entry, OS writes */
};

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#ifndef CONFIG_PCI_MSI
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static inline int pci_enable_msi(struct pci_dev *dev)
{
	return -1;
}

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static inline void pci_msi_shutdown(struct pci_dev *dev)
{ }
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static inline void pci_disable_msi(struct pci_dev *dev)
{ }

static inline int pci_enable_msix(struct pci_dev *dev,
				  struct msix_entry *entries, int nvec)
{
	return -1;
}

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static inline void pci_msix_shutdown(struct pci_dev *dev)
{ }
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static inline void pci_disable_msix(struct pci_dev *dev)
{ }

static inline void msi_remove_pci_irq_vectors(struct pci_dev *dev)
{ }

static inline void pci_restore_msi_state(struct pci_dev *dev)
{ }
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#else
extern int pci_enable_msi(struct pci_dev *dev);
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extern void pci_msi_shutdown(struct pci_dev *dev);
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extern void pci_disable_msi(struct pci_dev *dev);
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extern int pci_enable_msix(struct pci_dev *dev,
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	struct msix_entry *entries, int nvec);
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extern void pci_msix_shutdown(struct pci_dev *dev);
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extern void pci_disable_msix(struct pci_dev *dev);
extern void msi_remove_pci_irq_vectors(struct pci_dev *dev);
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extern void pci_restore_msi_state(struct pci_dev *dev);
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#endif

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#ifdef CONFIG_HT_IRQ
/* The functions a driver should call */
int  ht_create_irq(struct pci_dev *dev, int idx);
void ht_destroy_irq(unsigned int irq);
#endif /* CONFIG_HT_IRQ */

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extern void pci_block_user_cfg_access(struct pci_dev *dev);
extern void pci_unblock_user_cfg_access(struct pci_dev *dev);

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/*
 * PCI domain support.  Sometimes called PCI segment (eg by ACPI),
 * a PCI domain is defined to be a set of PCI busses which share
 * configuration space.
 */
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#ifdef CONFIG_PCI_DOMAINS
extern int pci_domains_supported;
#else
enum { pci_domains_supported = 0 };
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static inline int pci_domain_nr(struct pci_bus *bus)
{
	return 0;
}

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static inline int pci_proc_domain(struct pci_bus *bus)
{
	return 0;
}
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#endif /* CONFIG_PCI_DOMAINS */
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#else /* CONFIG_PCI is not enabled */
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/*
 *  If the system does not have PCI, clearly these return errors.  Define
 *  these as simple inline functions to avoid hair in drivers.
 */

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#define _PCI_NOP(o, s, t) \
	static inline int pci_##o##_config_##s(struct pci_dev *dev, \
						int where, t val) \
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		{ return PCIBIOS_FUNC_NOT_SUPPORTED; }
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#define _PCI_NOP_ALL(o, x)	_PCI_NOP(o, byte, u8 x) \
				_PCI_NOP(o, word, u16 x) \
				_PCI_NOP(o, dword, u32 x)
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_PCI_NOP_ALL(read, *)
_PCI_NOP_ALL(write,)

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static inline struct pci_dev *pci_find_device(unsigned int vendor,
					      unsigned int device,
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					      struct pci_dev *from)
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{
	return NULL;
}
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static inline struct pci_dev *pci_find_slot(unsigned int bus,
					    unsigned int devfn)
{
	return NULL;
}
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static inline struct pci_dev *pci_get_device(unsigned int vendor,
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					     unsigned int device,
					     struct pci_dev *from)
{
	return NULL;
}
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static inline struct pci_dev *pci_get_subsys(unsigned int vendor,
					     unsigned int device,
					     unsigned int ss_vendor,
					     unsigned int ss_device,
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					     struct pci_dev *from)
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{
	return NULL;
}
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static inline struct pci_dev *pci_get_class(unsigned int class,
					    struct pci_dev *from)
{
	return NULL;
}
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#define pci_dev_present(ids)	(0)
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#define no_pci_devices()	(1)
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#define pci_dev_put(dev)	do { } while (0)

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static inline void pci_set_master(struct pci_dev *dev)
{ }

static inline int pci_enable_device(struct pci_dev *dev)
{
	return -EIO;
}

static inline void pci_disable_device(struct pci_dev *dev)
{ }

static inline int pci_set_dma_mask(struct pci_dev *dev, u64 mask)
{
	return -EIO;
}

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static inline int pci_set_consistent_dma_mask(struct pci_dev *dev, u64 mask)
{
	return -EIO;
}

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static inline int pci_set_dma_max_seg_size(struct pci_dev *dev,
					unsigned int size)
{
	return -EIO;
}

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static inline int pci_set_dma_seg_boundary(struct pci_dev *dev,
					unsigned long mask)
{
	return -EIO;
}

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static inline int pci_assign_resource(struct pci_dev *dev, int i)
{
	return -EBUSY;
}

static inline int __pci_register_driver(struct pci_driver *drv,
					struct module *owner)
{
	return 0;
}

static inline int pci_register_driver(struct pci_driver *drv)
{
	return 0;
}

static inline void pci_unregister_driver(struct pci_driver *drv)
{ }

static inline int pci_find_capability(struct pci_dev *dev, int cap)
{
	return 0;
}

static inline int pci_find_next_capability(struct pci_dev *dev, u8 post,
					   int cap)
{
	return 0;
}

static inline int pci_find_ext_capability(struct pci_dev *dev, int cap)
{
	return 0;
}

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/* Power management related routines */
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static inline int pci_save_state(struct pci_dev *dev)
{
	return 0;
}

static inline int pci_restore_state(struct pci_dev *dev)
{
	return 0;
}
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static inline int pci_set_power_state(struct pci_dev *dev, pci_power_t state)
{
	return 0;
}

static inline pci_power_t pci_choose_state(struct pci_dev *dev,
					   pm_message_t state)
{
	return PCI_D0;
}

static inline int pci_enable_wake(struct pci_dev *dev, pci_power_t state,
				  int enable)
{
	return 0;
}

static inline int pci_request_regions(struct pci_dev *dev, const char *res_name)
{
	return -EIO;
}

static inline void pci_release_regions(struct pci_dev *dev)
{ }
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#define pci_dma_burst_advice(pdev, strat, strategy_parameter) do { } while (0)

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static inline void pci_block_user_cfg_access(struct pci_dev *dev)
{ }

static inline void pci_unblock_user_cfg_access(struct pci_dev *dev)
{ }
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static inline struct pci_bus *pci_find_next_bus(const struct pci_bus *from)
{ return NULL; }

static inline struct pci_dev *pci_get_slot(struct pci_bus *bus,
						unsigned int devfn)
{ return NULL; }

static inline struct pci_dev *pci_get_bus_and_slot(unsigned int bus,
						unsigned int devfn)
{ return NULL; }

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#endif /* CONFIG_PCI */
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/* Include architecture-dependent settings and functions */

#include <asm/pci.h>
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/* these helpers provide future and backwards compatibility
 * for accessing popular PCI BAR info */
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#define pci_resource_start(dev, bar)	((dev)->resource[(bar)].start)
#define pci_resource_end(dev, bar)	((dev)->resource[(bar)].end)
#define pci_resource_flags(dev, bar)	((dev)->resource[(bar)].flags)
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#define pci_resource_len(dev,bar) \
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	((pci_resource_start((dev), (bar)) == 0 &&	\
	  pci_resource_end((dev), (bar)) ==		\
	  pci_resource_start((dev), (bar))) ? 0 :	\
							\
	 (pci_resource_end((dev), (bar)) -		\
	  pci_resource_start((dev), (bar)) + 1))
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/* Similar to the helpers above, these manipulate per-pci_dev
 * driver-specific data.  They are really just a wrapper around
 * the generic device structure functions of these calls.
 */
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static inline void *pci_get_drvdata(struct pci_dev *pdev)
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{
	return dev_get_drvdata(&pdev->dev);
}

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static inline void pci_set_drvdata(struct pci_dev *pdev, void *data)
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{
	dev_set_drvdata(&pdev->dev, data);
}

/* If you want to know what to call your pci_dev, ask this function.
 * Again, it's a wrapper around the generic device.
 */
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static inline const char *pci_name(struct pci_dev *pdev)
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{
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	return dev_name(&pdev->dev);
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}

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/* Some archs don't want to expose struct resource to userland as-is
 * in sysfs and /proc
 */
#ifndef HAVE_ARCH_PCI_RESOURCE_TO_USER
static inline void pci_resource_to_user(const struct pci_dev *dev, int bar,
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		const struct resource *rsrc, resource_size_t *start,
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		resource_size_t *end)
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{
	*start = rsrc->start;
	*end = rsrc->end;
}
#endif /* HAVE_ARCH_PCI_RESOURCE_TO_USER */


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/*
 *  The world is not perfect and supplies us with broken PCI devices.
 *  For at least a part of these bugs we need a work-around, so both
 *  generic (drivers/pci/quirks.c) and per-architecture code can define
 *  fixup hooks to be called for particular buggy devices.
 */

struct pci_fixup {
	u16 vendor, device;	/* You can use PCI_ANY_ID here of course */
	void (*hook)(struct pci_dev *dev);
};

enum pci_fixup_pass {
	pci_fixup_early,	/* Before probing BARs */
	pci_fixup_header,	/* After reading configuration header */
	pci_fixup_final,	/* Final phase of device fixups */
	pci_fixup_enable,	/* pci_enable_device() time */
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	pci_fixup_resume,	/* pci_device_resume() */
	pci_fixup_suspend,	/* pci_device_suspend */
	pci_fixup_resume_early, /* pci_device_resume_early() */
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};

/* Anonymous variables would be nice... */
#define DECLARE_PCI_FIXUP_SECTION(section, name, vendor, device, hook)	\
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	static const struct pci_fixup __pci_fixup_##name __used		\
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	__attribute__((__section__(#section))) = { vendor, device, hook };
#define DECLARE_PCI_FIXUP_EARLY(vendor, device, hook)			\
	DECLARE_PCI_FIXUP_SECTION(.pci_fixup_early,			\
			vendor##device##hook, vendor, device, hook)
#define DECLARE_PCI_FIXUP_HEADER(vendor, device, hook)			\
	DECLARE_PCI_FIXUP_SECTION(.pci_fixup_header,			\
			vendor##device##hook, vendor, device, hook)
#define DECLARE_PCI_FIXUP_FINAL(vendor, device, hook)			\
	DECLARE_PCI_FIXUP_SECTION(.pci_fixup_final,			\
			vendor##device##hook, vendor, device, hook)
#define DECLARE_PCI_FIXUP_ENABLE(vendor, device, hook)			\
	DECLARE_PCI_FIXUP_SECTION(.pci_fixup_enable,			\
			vendor##device##hook, vendor, device, hook)
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#define DECLARE_PCI_FIXUP_RESUME(vendor, device, hook)			\
	DECLARE_PCI_FIXUP_SECTION(.pci_fixup_resume,			\
			resume##vendor##device##hook, vendor, device, hook)
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#define DECLARE_PCI_FIXUP_RESUME_EARLY(vendor, device, hook)		\
	DECLARE_PCI_FIXUP_SECTION(.pci_fixup_resume_early,		\
			resume_early##vendor##device##hook, vendor, device, hook)
#define DECLARE_PCI_FIXUP_SUSPEND(vendor, device, hook)			\
	DECLARE_PCI_FIXUP_SECTION(.pci_fixup_suspend,			\
			suspend##vendor##device##hook, vendor, device, hook)
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void pci_fixup_device(enum pci_fixup_pass pass, struct pci_dev *dev);

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void __iomem *pcim_iomap(struct pci_dev *pdev, int bar, unsigned long maxlen);
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void pcim_iounmap(struct pci_dev *pdev, void __iomem *addr);
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void __iomem * const *pcim_iomap_table(struct pci_dev *pdev);
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int pcim_iomap_regions(struct pci_dev *pdev, u16 mask, const char *name);
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int pcim_iomap_regions_request_all(struct pci_dev *pdev, u16 mask,
				   const char *name);
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void pcim_iounmap_regions(struct pci_dev *pdev, u16 mask);
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extern int pci_pci_problems;
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#define PCIPCI_FAIL		1	/* No PCI PCI DMA */
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#define PCIPCI_TRITON		2
#define PCIPCI_NATOMA		4
#define PCIPCI_VIAETBF		8
#define PCIPCI_VSFX		16
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#define PCIPCI_ALIMAGIK		32	/* Need low latency setting */
#define PCIAGP_FAIL		64	/* No PCI to AGP DMA */
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extern unsigned long pci_cardbus_io_size;
extern unsigned long pci_cardbus_mem_size;

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int pcibios_add_platform_entries(struct pci_dev *dev);
void pcibios_disable_device(struct pci_dev *dev);
int pcibios_set_pcie_reset_state(struct pci_dev *dev,
				 enum pcie_reset_state state);
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#ifdef CONFIG_PCI_MMCONFIG
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extern void __init pci_mmcfg_early_init(void);
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extern void __init pci_mmcfg_late_init(void);
#else
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static inline void pci_mmcfg_early_init(void) { }
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static inline void pci_mmcfg_late_init(void) { }
#endif

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#ifdef CONFIG_HAS_IOMEM
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static inline void __iomem *pci_ioremap_bar(struct pci_dev *pdev, int bar)
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{
	/*
	 * Make sure the BAR is actually a memory resource, not an IO resource
	 */
	if (!(pci_resource_flags(pdev, bar) & IORESOURCE_MEM)) {
		WARN_ON(1);
		return NULL;
	}
	return ioremap_nocache(pci_resource_start(pdev, bar),
				     pci_resource_len(pdev, bar));
}
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#endif
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#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
#endif /* LINUX_PCI_H */