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ibss.c 47.1 KB
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/*
 * IBSS mode implementation
 * Copyright 2003-2008, Jouni Malinen <j@w1.fi>
 * Copyright 2004, Instant802 Networks, Inc.
 * Copyright 2005, Devicescape Software, Inc.
 * Copyright 2006-2007	Jiri Benc <jbenc@suse.cz>
 * Copyright 2007, Michael Wu <flamingice@sourmilk.net>
 * Copyright 2009, Johannes Berg <johannes@sipsolutions.net>
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 */

#include <linux/delay.h>
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#include <linux/slab.h>
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#include <linux/if_ether.h>
#include <linux/skbuff.h>
#include <linux/if_arp.h>
#include <linux/etherdevice.h>
#include <linux/rtnetlink.h>
#include <net/mac80211.h>

#include "ieee80211_i.h"
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#include "driver-ops.h"
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#include "rate.h"

#define IEEE80211_SCAN_INTERVAL (2 * HZ)
#define IEEE80211_IBSS_JOIN_TIMEOUT (7 * HZ)

#define IEEE80211_IBSS_MERGE_INTERVAL (30 * HZ)
#define IEEE80211_IBSS_INACTIVITY_LIMIT (60 * HZ)
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#define IEEE80211_IBSS_RSN_INACTIVITY_LIMIT (10 * HZ)
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#define IEEE80211_IBSS_MAX_STA_ENTRIES 128

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static struct beacon_data *
ieee80211_ibss_build_presp(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata,
			   const int beacon_int, const u32 basic_rates,
			   const u16 capability, u64 tsf,
			   struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef,
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			   bool *have_higher_than_11mbit,
			   struct cfg80211_csa_settings *csa_settings)
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{
	struct ieee80211_if_ibss *ifibss = &sdata->u.ibss;
	struct ieee80211_local *local = sdata->local;
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	int rates_n = 0, i, ri;
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	struct ieee80211_mgmt *mgmt;
	u8 *pos;
	struct ieee80211_supported_band *sband;
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	u32 rate_flags, rates = 0, rates_added = 0;
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	struct beacon_data *presp;
	int frame_len;
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	int shift;
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	/* Build IBSS probe response */
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	frame_len = sizeof(struct ieee80211_hdr_3addr) +
		    12 /* struct ieee80211_mgmt.u.beacon */ +
		    2 + IEEE80211_MAX_SSID_LEN /* max SSID */ +
		    2 + 8 /* max Supported Rates */ +
		    3 /* max DS params */ +
		    4 /* IBSS params */ +
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		    5 /* Channel Switch Announcement */ +
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		    2 + (IEEE80211_MAX_SUPP_RATES - 8) +
		    2 + sizeof(struct ieee80211_ht_cap) +
		    2 + sizeof(struct ieee80211_ht_operation) +
		    ifibss->ie_len;
	presp = kzalloc(sizeof(*presp) + frame_len, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!presp)
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		return NULL;
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	presp->head = (void *)(presp + 1);

	mgmt = (void *) presp->head;
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	mgmt->frame_control = cpu_to_le16(IEEE80211_FTYPE_MGMT |
					  IEEE80211_STYPE_PROBE_RESP);
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	eth_broadcast_addr(mgmt->da);
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	memcpy(mgmt->sa, sdata->vif.addr, ETH_ALEN);
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	memcpy(mgmt->bssid, ifibss->bssid, ETH_ALEN);
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	mgmt->u.beacon.beacon_int = cpu_to_le16(beacon_int);
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	mgmt->u.beacon.timestamp = cpu_to_le64(tsf);
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	mgmt->u.beacon.capab_info = cpu_to_le16(capability);

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	pos = (u8 *)mgmt + offsetof(struct ieee80211_mgmt, u.beacon.variable);

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	*pos++ = WLAN_EID_SSID;
	*pos++ = ifibss->ssid_len;
	memcpy(pos, ifibss->ssid, ifibss->ssid_len);
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	pos += ifibss->ssid_len;
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	sband = local->hw.wiphy->bands[chandef->chan->band];
	rate_flags = ieee80211_chandef_rate_flags(chandef);
	shift = ieee80211_chandef_get_shift(chandef);
	rates_n = 0;
	if (have_higher_than_11mbit)
		*have_higher_than_11mbit = false;

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	for (i = 0; i < sband->n_bitrates; i++) {
		if ((rate_flags & sband->bitrates[i].flags) != rate_flags)
			continue;
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		if (sband->bitrates[i].bitrate > 110 &&
		    have_higher_than_11mbit)
			*have_higher_than_11mbit = true;
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		rates |= BIT(i);
		rates_n++;
	}

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	*pos++ = WLAN_EID_SUPP_RATES;
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	*pos++ = min_t(int, 8, rates_n);
	for (ri = 0; ri < sband->n_bitrates; ri++) {
		int rate = DIV_ROUND_UP(sband->bitrates[ri].bitrate,
					5 * (1 << shift));
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		u8 basic = 0;
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		if (!(rates & BIT(ri)))
			continue;

		if (basic_rates & BIT(ri))
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			basic = 0x80;
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		*pos++ = basic | (u8) rate;
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		if (++rates_added == 8) {
			ri++; /* continue at next rate for EXT_SUPP_RATES */
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			break;
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		}
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	}
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	if (sband->band == IEEE80211_BAND_2GHZ) {
		*pos++ = WLAN_EID_DS_PARAMS;
		*pos++ = 1;
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		*pos++ = ieee80211_frequency_to_channel(
				chandef->chan->center_freq);
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	}

	*pos++ = WLAN_EID_IBSS_PARAMS;
	*pos++ = 2;
	/* FIX: set ATIM window based on scan results */
	*pos++ = 0;
	*pos++ = 0;

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	if (csa_settings) {
		*pos++ = WLAN_EID_CHANNEL_SWITCH;
		*pos++ = 3;
		*pos++ = csa_settings->block_tx ? 1 : 0;
		*pos++ = ieee80211_frequency_to_channel(
				csa_settings->chandef.chan->center_freq);
		sdata->csa_counter_offset_beacon = (pos - presp->head);
		*pos++ = csa_settings->count;
	}

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	/* put the remaining rates in WLAN_EID_EXT_SUPP_RATES */
	if (rates_n > 8) {
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		*pos++ = WLAN_EID_EXT_SUPP_RATES;
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		*pos++ = rates_n - 8;
		for (; ri < sband->n_bitrates; ri++) {
			int rate = DIV_ROUND_UP(sband->bitrates[ri].bitrate,
						5 * (1 << shift));
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			u8 basic = 0;
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			if (!(rates & BIT(ri)))
				continue;

			if (basic_rates & BIT(ri))
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				basic = 0x80;
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			*pos++ = basic | (u8) rate;
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		}
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	}

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	if (ifibss->ie_len) {
		memcpy(pos, ifibss->ie, ifibss->ie_len);
		pos += ifibss->ie_len;
	}
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	/* add HT capability and information IEs */
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	if (chandef->width != NL80211_CHAN_WIDTH_20_NOHT &&
	    chandef->width != NL80211_CHAN_WIDTH_5 &&
	    chandef->width != NL80211_CHAN_WIDTH_10 &&
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	    sband->ht_cap.ht_supported) {
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		struct ieee80211_sta_ht_cap ht_cap;

		memcpy(&ht_cap, &sband->ht_cap, sizeof(ht_cap));
		ieee80211_apply_htcap_overrides(sdata, &ht_cap);

		pos = ieee80211_ie_build_ht_cap(pos, &ht_cap, ht_cap.cap);
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		/*
		 * Note: According to 802.11n-2009 9.13.3.1, HT Protection
		 * field and RIFS Mode are reserved in IBSS mode, therefore
		 * keep them at 0
		 */
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		pos = ieee80211_ie_build_ht_oper(pos, &sband->ht_cap,
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						 chandef, 0);
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	}

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	if (local->hw.queues >= IEEE80211_NUM_ACS) {
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		*pos++ = WLAN_EID_VENDOR_SPECIFIC;
		*pos++ = 7; /* len */
		*pos++ = 0x00; /* Microsoft OUI 00:50:F2 */
		*pos++ = 0x50;
		*pos++ = 0xf2;
		*pos++ = 2; /* WME */
		*pos++ = 0; /* WME info */
		*pos++ = 1; /* WME ver */
		*pos++ = 0; /* U-APSD no in use */
	}

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	presp->head_len = pos - presp->head;
	if (WARN_ON(presp->head_len > frame_len))
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		goto error;

	return presp;
error:
	kfree(presp);
	return NULL;
}

static void __ieee80211_sta_join_ibss(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata,
				      const u8 *bssid, const int beacon_int,
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				      struct cfg80211_chan_def *req_chandef,
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				      const u32 basic_rates,
				      const u16 capability, u64 tsf,
				      bool creator)
{
	struct ieee80211_if_ibss *ifibss = &sdata->u.ibss;
	struct ieee80211_local *local = sdata->local;
	struct ieee80211_supported_band *sband;
	struct ieee80211_mgmt *mgmt;
	struct cfg80211_bss *bss;
	u32 bss_change;
	struct cfg80211_chan_def chandef;
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	struct ieee80211_channel *chan;
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	struct beacon_data *presp;
	enum nl80211_bss_scan_width scan_width;
	bool have_higher_than_11mbit;
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	bool radar_required = false;
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	int err;
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	sdata_assert_lock(sdata);

	/* Reset own TSF to allow time synchronization work. */
	drv_reset_tsf(local, sdata);

	if (!ether_addr_equal(ifibss->bssid, bssid))
		sta_info_flush(sdata);

	/* if merging, indicate to driver that we leave the old IBSS */
	if (sdata->vif.bss_conf.ibss_joined) {
		sdata->vif.bss_conf.ibss_joined = false;
		sdata->vif.bss_conf.ibss_creator = false;
		sdata->vif.bss_conf.enable_beacon = false;
		netif_carrier_off(sdata->dev);
		ieee80211_bss_info_change_notify(sdata,
						 BSS_CHANGED_IBSS |
						 BSS_CHANGED_BEACON_ENABLED);
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		drv_leave_ibss(local, sdata);
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	}

	presp = rcu_dereference_protected(ifibss->presp,
					  lockdep_is_held(&sdata->wdev.mtx));
	rcu_assign_pointer(ifibss->presp, NULL);
	if (presp)
		kfree_rcu(presp, rcu_head);

	sdata->drop_unencrypted = capability & WLAN_CAPABILITY_PRIVACY ? 1 : 0;

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	/* make a copy of the chandef, it could be modified below. */
	chandef = *req_chandef;
	chan = chandef.chan;
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	if (!cfg80211_reg_can_beacon(local->hw.wiphy, &chandef)) {
		if (chandef.width == NL80211_CHAN_WIDTH_5 ||
		    chandef.width == NL80211_CHAN_WIDTH_10 ||
		    chandef.width == NL80211_CHAN_WIDTH_20_NOHT ||
		    chandef.width == NL80211_CHAN_WIDTH_20) {
			sdata_info(sdata,
				   "Failed to join IBSS, beacons forbidden\n");
			return;
		}
		chandef.width = NL80211_CHAN_WIDTH_20;
		chandef.center_freq1 = chan->center_freq;
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		/* check again for downgraded chandef */
		if (!cfg80211_reg_can_beacon(local->hw.wiphy, &chandef)) {
			sdata_info(sdata,
				   "Failed to join IBSS, beacons forbidden\n");
			return;
		}
	}

	err = cfg80211_chandef_dfs_required(sdata->local->hw.wiphy,
					    &chandef);
	if (err > 0) {
		if (!ifibss->userspace_handles_dfs) {
			sdata_info(sdata,
				   "Failed to join IBSS, DFS channel without control program\n");
			return;
		}
		radar_required = true;
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	}

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	mutex_lock(&local->mtx);
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	ieee80211_vif_release_channel(sdata);
	if (ieee80211_vif_use_channel(sdata, &chandef,
				      ifibss->fixed_channel ?
					IEEE80211_CHANCTX_SHARED :
					IEEE80211_CHANCTX_EXCLUSIVE)) {
		sdata_info(sdata, "Failed to join IBSS, no channel context\n");
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		mutex_unlock(&local->mtx);
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		return;
	}
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	mutex_unlock(&local->mtx);
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	memcpy(ifibss->bssid, bssid, ETH_ALEN);

	sband = local->hw.wiphy->bands[chan->band];

	presp = ieee80211_ibss_build_presp(sdata, beacon_int, basic_rates,
					   capability, tsf, &chandef,
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					   &have_higher_than_11mbit, NULL);
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	if (!presp)
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		return;

	rcu_assign_pointer(ifibss->presp, presp);
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	mgmt = (void *)presp->head;
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	sdata->radar_required = radar_required;
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	sdata->vif.bss_conf.enable_beacon = true;
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	sdata->vif.bss_conf.beacon_int = beacon_int;
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	sdata->vif.bss_conf.basic_rates = basic_rates;
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	sdata->vif.bss_conf.ssid_len = ifibss->ssid_len;
	memcpy(sdata->vif.bss_conf.ssid, ifibss->ssid, ifibss->ssid_len);
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	bss_change = BSS_CHANGED_BEACON_INT;
	bss_change |= ieee80211_reset_erp_info(sdata);
	bss_change |= BSS_CHANGED_BSSID;
	bss_change |= BSS_CHANGED_BEACON;
	bss_change |= BSS_CHANGED_BEACON_ENABLED;
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	bss_change |= BSS_CHANGED_BASIC_RATES;
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	bss_change |= BSS_CHANGED_HT;
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	bss_change |= BSS_CHANGED_IBSS;
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	bss_change |= BSS_CHANGED_SSID;
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	/*
	 * In 5 GHz/802.11a, we can always use short slot time.
	 * (IEEE 802.11-2012 18.3.8.7)
	 *
	 * In 2.4GHz, we must always use long slots in IBSS for compatibility
	 * reasons.
	 * (IEEE 802.11-2012 19.4.5)
	 *
	 * HT follows these specifications (IEEE 802.11-2012 20.3.18)
	 */
	sdata->vif.bss_conf.use_short_slot = chan->band == IEEE80211_BAND_5GHZ;
	bss_change |= BSS_CHANGED_ERP_SLOT;

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	/* cf. IEEE 802.11 9.2.12 */
	if (chan->band == IEEE80211_BAND_2GHZ && have_higher_than_11mbit)
		sdata->flags |= IEEE80211_SDATA_OPERATING_GMODE;
	else
		sdata->flags &= ~IEEE80211_SDATA_OPERATING_GMODE;

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	ieee80211_set_wmm_default(sdata, true);

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	sdata->vif.bss_conf.ibss_joined = true;
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	sdata->vif.bss_conf.ibss_creator = creator;
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	err = drv_join_ibss(local, sdata);
	if (err) {
		sdata->vif.bss_conf.ibss_joined = false;
		sdata->vif.bss_conf.ibss_creator = false;
		sdata->vif.bss_conf.enable_beacon = false;
		sdata->vif.bss_conf.ssid_len = 0;
		RCU_INIT_POINTER(ifibss->presp, NULL);
		kfree_rcu(presp, rcu_head);
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		mutex_lock(&local->mtx);
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		ieee80211_vif_release_channel(sdata);
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		mutex_unlock(&local->mtx);
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		sdata_info(sdata, "Failed to join IBSS, driver failure: %d\n",
			   err);
		return;
	}

	ieee80211_bss_info_change_notify(sdata, bss_change);
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	ifibss->state = IEEE80211_IBSS_MLME_JOINED;
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	mod_timer(&ifibss->timer,
		  round_jiffies(jiffies + IEEE80211_IBSS_MERGE_INTERVAL));
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	scan_width = cfg80211_chandef_to_scan_width(&chandef);
	bss = cfg80211_inform_bss_width_frame(local->hw.wiphy, chan,
					      scan_width, mgmt,
					      presp->head_len, 0, GFP_KERNEL);
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	cfg80211_put_bss(local->hw.wiphy, bss);
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	netif_carrier_on(sdata->dev);
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	cfg80211_ibss_joined(sdata->dev, ifibss->bssid, GFP_KERNEL);
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}

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static void ieee80211_sta_join_ibss(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata,
				    struct ieee80211_bss *bss)
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{
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	struct cfg80211_bss *cbss =
		container_of((void *)bss, struct cfg80211_bss, priv);
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	struct ieee80211_supported_band *sband;
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	struct cfg80211_chan_def chandef;
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	u32 basic_rates;
	int i, j;
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	u16 beacon_int = cbss->beacon_interval;
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	const struct cfg80211_bss_ies *ies;
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	enum nl80211_channel_type chan_type;
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	u64 tsf;
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	u32 rate_flags;
	int shift;
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	sdata_assert_lock(sdata);
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	if (beacon_int < 10)
		beacon_int = 10;

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	switch (sdata->u.ibss.chandef.width) {
	case NL80211_CHAN_WIDTH_20_NOHT:
	case NL80211_CHAN_WIDTH_20:
	case NL80211_CHAN_WIDTH_40:
		chan_type = cfg80211_get_chandef_type(&sdata->u.ibss.chandef);
		cfg80211_chandef_create(&chandef, cbss->channel, chan_type);
		break;
	case NL80211_CHAN_WIDTH_5:
	case NL80211_CHAN_WIDTH_10:
		cfg80211_chandef_create(&chandef, cbss->channel,
					NL80211_CHAN_WIDTH_20_NOHT);
		chandef.width = sdata->u.ibss.chandef.width;
		break;
	default:
		/* fall back to 20 MHz for unsupported modes */
		cfg80211_chandef_create(&chandef, cbss->channel,
					NL80211_CHAN_WIDTH_20_NOHT);
		break;
	}

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	sband = sdata->local->hw.wiphy->bands[cbss->channel->band];
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	rate_flags = ieee80211_chandef_rate_flags(&sdata->u.ibss.chandef);
	shift = ieee80211_vif_get_shift(&sdata->vif);
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	basic_rates = 0;

	for (i = 0; i < bss->supp_rates_len; i++) {
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		int rate = bss->supp_rates[i] & 0x7f;
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		bool is_basic = !!(bss->supp_rates[i] & 0x80);

		for (j = 0; j < sband->n_bitrates; j++) {
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			int brate;
			if ((rate_flags & sband->bitrates[j].flags)
			    != rate_flags)
				continue;

			brate = DIV_ROUND_UP(sband->bitrates[j].bitrate,
					     5 * (1 << shift));
			if (brate == rate) {
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				if (is_basic)
					basic_rates |= BIT(j);
				break;
			}
		}
	}

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	rcu_read_lock();
	ies = rcu_dereference(cbss->ies);
	tsf = ies->tsf;
	rcu_read_unlock();

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	__ieee80211_sta_join_ibss(sdata, cbss->bssid,
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				  beacon_int,
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				  &chandef,
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				  basic_rates,
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				  cbss->capability,
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				  tsf, false);
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}

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int ieee80211_ibss_csa_beacon(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata,
			      struct cfg80211_csa_settings *csa_settings)
{
	struct ieee80211_if_ibss *ifibss = &sdata->u.ibss;
	struct beacon_data *presp, *old_presp;
	struct cfg80211_bss *cbss;
	const struct cfg80211_bss_ies *ies;
	u16 capability;
	u64 tsf;
	int ret = 0;

	sdata_assert_lock(sdata);

	capability = WLAN_CAPABILITY_IBSS;

	if (ifibss->privacy)
		capability |= WLAN_CAPABILITY_PRIVACY;

	cbss = cfg80211_get_bss(sdata->local->hw.wiphy, ifibss->chandef.chan,
				ifibss->bssid, ifibss->ssid,
				ifibss->ssid_len, WLAN_CAPABILITY_IBSS |
				WLAN_CAPABILITY_PRIVACY,
				capability);

	if (WARN_ON(!cbss)) {
		ret = -EINVAL;
		goto out;
	}

	rcu_read_lock();
	ies = rcu_dereference(cbss->ies);
	tsf = ies->tsf;
	rcu_read_unlock();
	cfg80211_put_bss(sdata->local->hw.wiphy, cbss);

	old_presp = rcu_dereference_protected(ifibss->presp,
					  lockdep_is_held(&sdata->wdev.mtx));

	presp = ieee80211_ibss_build_presp(sdata,
					   sdata->vif.bss_conf.beacon_int,
					   sdata->vif.bss_conf.basic_rates,
					   capability, tsf, &ifibss->chandef,
					   NULL, csa_settings);
	if (!presp) {
		ret = -ENOMEM;
		goto out;
	}

	rcu_assign_pointer(ifibss->presp, presp);
	if (old_presp)
		kfree_rcu(old_presp, rcu_head);

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	/* it might not send the beacon for a while. send an action frame
	 * immediately to announce the channel switch.
	 */
	if (csa_settings)
		ieee80211_send_action_csa(sdata, csa_settings);

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	return BSS_CHANGED_BEACON;
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 out:
	return ret;
}

int ieee80211_ibss_finish_csa(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata)
{
	struct ieee80211_if_ibss *ifibss = &sdata->u.ibss;
	struct cfg80211_bss *cbss;
	int err;
	u16 capability;

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	sdata_assert_lock(sdata);

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	/* update cfg80211 bss information with the new channel */
	if (!is_zero_ether_addr(ifibss->bssid)) {
		capability = WLAN_CAPABILITY_IBSS;

		if (ifibss->privacy)
			capability |= WLAN_CAPABILITY_PRIVACY;

		cbss = cfg80211_get_bss(sdata->local->hw.wiphy,
					ifibss->chandef.chan,
					ifibss->bssid, ifibss->ssid,
					ifibss->ssid_len, WLAN_CAPABILITY_IBSS |
					WLAN_CAPABILITY_PRIVACY,
					capability);
		/* XXX: should not really modify cfg80211 data */
		if (cbss) {
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			cbss->channel = sdata->csa_chandef.chan;
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			cfg80211_put_bss(sdata->local->hw.wiphy, cbss);
		}
	}

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	ifibss->chandef = sdata->csa_chandef;
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	/* generate the beacon */
	err = ieee80211_ibss_csa_beacon(sdata, NULL);
	if (err < 0)
		return err;

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	if (err)
		ieee80211_bss_info_change_notify(sdata, err);

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	return 0;
}

void ieee80211_ibss_stop(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata)
{
	struct ieee80211_if_ibss *ifibss = &sdata->u.ibss;

	cancel_work_sync(&ifibss->csa_connection_drop_work);
}

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static struct sta_info *ieee80211_ibss_finish_sta(struct sta_info *sta)
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	__acquires(RCU)
{
	struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata = sta->sdata;
	u8 addr[ETH_ALEN];

	memcpy(addr, sta->sta.addr, ETH_ALEN);

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	ibss_dbg(sdata, "Adding new IBSS station %pM\n", addr);
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	sta_info_pre_move_state(sta, IEEE80211_STA_AUTH);
	sta_info_pre_move_state(sta, IEEE80211_STA_ASSOC);
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	/* authorize the station only if the network is not RSN protected. If
	 * not wait for the userspace to authorize it */
	if (!sta->sdata->u.ibss.control_port)
		sta_info_pre_move_state(sta, IEEE80211_STA_AUTHORIZED);
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	rate_control_rate_init(sta);

	/* If it fails, maybe we raced another insertion? */
	if (sta_info_insert_rcu(sta))
		return sta_info_get(sdata, addr);
	return sta;
}

static struct sta_info *
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ieee80211_ibss_add_sta(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata, const u8 *bssid,
		       const u8 *addr, u32 supp_rates)
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	__acquires(RCU)
{
	struct ieee80211_if_ibss *ifibss = &sdata->u.ibss;
	struct ieee80211_local *local = sdata->local;
	struct sta_info *sta;
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	struct ieee80211_chanctx_conf *chanctx_conf;
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	struct ieee80211_supported_band *sband;
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	enum nl80211_bss_scan_width scan_width;
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	int band;
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	/*
	 * XXX: Consider removing the least recently used entry and
	 * 	allow new one to be added.
	 */
	if (local->num_sta >= IEEE80211_IBSS_MAX_STA_ENTRIES) {
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		net_info_ratelimited("%s: No room for a new IBSS STA entry %pM\n",
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				    sdata->name, addr);
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		rcu_read_lock();
		return NULL;
	}

	if (ifibss->state == IEEE80211_IBSS_MLME_SEARCH) {
		rcu_read_lock();
		return NULL;
	}

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	if (!ether_addr_equal(bssid, sdata->u.ibss.bssid)) {
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		rcu_read_lock();
		return NULL;
	}

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	rcu_read_lock();
	chanctx_conf = rcu_dereference(sdata->vif.chanctx_conf);
	if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!chanctx_conf))
		return NULL;
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	band = chanctx_conf->def.chan->band;
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	scan_width = cfg80211_chandef_to_scan_width(&chanctx_conf->def);
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	rcu_read_unlock();

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	sta = sta_info_alloc(sdata, addr, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!sta) {
		rcu_read_lock();
		return NULL;
	}

	sta->last_rx = jiffies;

	/* make sure mandatory rates are always added */
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	sband = local->hw.wiphy->bands[band];
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	sta->sta.supp_rates[band] = supp_rates |
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			ieee80211_mandatory_rates(sband, scan_width);
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	return ieee80211_ibss_finish_sta(sta);
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}

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static int ieee80211_sta_active_ibss(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata)
{
	struct ieee80211_local *local = sdata->local;
	int active = 0;
	struct sta_info *sta;

	sdata_assert_lock(sdata);

	rcu_read_lock();

	list_for_each_entry_rcu(sta, &local->sta_list, list) {
		if (sta->sdata == sdata &&
		    time_after(sta->last_rx + IEEE80211_IBSS_MERGE_INTERVAL,
			       jiffies)) {
			active++;
			break;
		}
	}

	rcu_read_unlock();

	return active;
}

static void ieee80211_ibss_disconnect(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata)
{
	struct ieee80211_if_ibss *ifibss = &sdata->u.ibss;
	struct ieee80211_local *local = sdata->local;
	struct cfg80211_bss *cbss;
	struct beacon_data *presp;
	struct sta_info *sta;
	int active_ibss;
	u16 capability;

	active_ibss = ieee80211_sta_active_ibss(sdata);

	if (!active_ibss && !is_zero_ether_addr(ifibss->bssid)) {
		capability = WLAN_CAPABILITY_IBSS;

		if (ifibss->privacy)
			capability |= WLAN_CAPABILITY_PRIVACY;

		cbss = cfg80211_get_bss(local->hw.wiphy, ifibss->chandef.chan,
					ifibss->bssid, ifibss->ssid,
					ifibss->ssid_len, WLAN_CAPABILITY_IBSS |
					WLAN_CAPABILITY_PRIVACY,
					capability);

		if (cbss) {
			cfg80211_unlink_bss(local->hw.wiphy, cbss);
			cfg80211_put_bss(sdata->local->hw.wiphy, cbss);
		}
	}

	ifibss->state = IEEE80211_IBSS_MLME_SEARCH;

	sta_info_flush(sdata);

	spin_lock_bh(&ifibss->incomplete_lock);
	while (!list_empty(&ifibss->incomplete_stations)) {
		sta = list_first_entry(&ifibss->incomplete_stations,
				       struct sta_info, list);
		list_del(&sta->list);
		spin_unlock_bh(&ifibss->incomplete_lock);

		sta_info_free(local, sta);
		spin_lock_bh(&ifibss->incomplete_lock);
	}
	spin_unlock_bh(&ifibss->incomplete_lock);

	netif_carrier_off(sdata->dev);

	sdata->vif.bss_conf.ibss_joined = false;
	sdata->vif.bss_conf.ibss_creator = false;
	sdata->vif.bss_conf.enable_beacon = false;
	sdata->vif.bss_conf.ssid_len = 0;

	/* remove beacon */
	presp = rcu_dereference_protected(ifibss->presp,
					  lockdep_is_held(&sdata->wdev.mtx));
	RCU_INIT_POINTER(sdata->u.ibss.presp, NULL);
	if (presp)
		kfree_rcu(presp, rcu_head);

	clear_bit(SDATA_STATE_OFFCHANNEL_BEACON_STOPPED, &sdata->state);
	ieee80211_bss_info_change_notify(sdata, BSS_CHANGED_BEACON_ENABLED |
						BSS_CHANGED_IBSS);
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	drv_leave_ibss(local, sdata);
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	mutex_lock(&local->mtx);
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	ieee80211_vif_release_channel(sdata);
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	mutex_unlock(&local->mtx);
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}

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static void ieee80211_csa_connection_drop_work(struct work_struct *work)
{
	struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata =
		container_of(work, struct ieee80211_sub_if_data,
			     u.ibss.csa_connection_drop_work);

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	sdata_lock(sdata);

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	ieee80211_ibss_disconnect(sdata);
	synchronize_rcu();
	skb_queue_purge(&sdata->skb_queue);

	/* trigger a scan to find another IBSS network to join */
	ieee80211_queue_work(&sdata->local->hw, &sdata->work);
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	sdata_unlock(sdata);
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}

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static void ieee80211_ibss_csa_mark_radar(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata)
{
	struct ieee80211_if_ibss *ifibss = &sdata->u.ibss;
	int err;

	/* if the current channel is a DFS channel, mark the channel as
	 * unavailable.
	 */
	err = cfg80211_chandef_dfs_required(sdata->local->hw.wiphy,
					    &ifibss->chandef);
	if (err > 0)
		cfg80211_radar_event(sdata->local->hw.wiphy, &ifibss->chandef,
				     GFP_ATOMIC);
}

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static bool
ieee80211_ibss_process_chanswitch(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata,
				  struct ieee802_11_elems *elems,
				  bool beacon)
{
	struct cfg80211_csa_settings params;
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	struct ieee80211_csa_ie csa_ie;
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	struct ieee80211_if_ibss *ifibss = &sdata->u.ibss;
	enum nl80211_channel_type ch_type;
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	int err;
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	u32 sta_flags;

	sta_flags = IEEE80211_STA_DISABLE_VHT;
	switch (ifibss->chandef.width) {
	case NL80211_CHAN_WIDTH_5:
	case NL80211_CHAN_WIDTH_10:
	case NL80211_CHAN_WIDTH_20_NOHT:
		sta_flags |= IEEE80211_STA_DISABLE_HT;
		/* fall through */
	case NL80211_CHAN_WIDTH_20:
		sta_flags |= IEEE80211_STA_DISABLE_40MHZ;
		break;
	default:
		break;
	}

	memset(&params, 0, sizeof(params));
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	memset(&csa_ie, 0, sizeof(csa_ie));
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	err = ieee80211_parse_ch_switch_ie(sdata, elems, beacon,
					   ifibss->chandef.chan->band,
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					   sta_flags, ifibss->bssid, &csa_ie);
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	/* can't switch to destination channel, fail */
	if (err < 0)
		goto disconnect;

	/* did not contain a CSA */
	if (err)
		return false;

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	/* channel switch is not supported, disconnect */
	if (!(sdata->local->hw.wiphy->flags & WIPHY_FLAG_HAS_CHANNEL_SWITCH))
		goto disconnect;

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	params.count = csa_ie.count;
	params.chandef = csa_ie.chandef;

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	switch (ifibss->chandef.width) {
	case NL80211_CHAN_WIDTH_20_NOHT:
	case NL80211_CHAN_WIDTH_20:
	case NL80211_CHAN_WIDTH_40:
		/* keep our current HT mode (HT20/HT40+/HT40-), even if
		 * another mode  has been announced. The mode is not adopted
		 * within the beacon while doing CSA and we should therefore
		 * keep the mode which we announce.
		 */
		ch_type = cfg80211_get_chandef_type(&ifibss->chandef);
		cfg80211_chandef_create(&params.chandef, params.chandef.chan,
					ch_type);
		break;
	case NL80211_CHAN_WIDTH_5:
	case NL80211_CHAN_WIDTH_10:
		if (params.chandef.width != ifibss->chandef.width) {
			sdata_info(sdata,
				   "IBSS %pM received channel switch from incompatible channel width (%d MHz, width:%d, CF1/2: %d/%d MHz), disconnecting\n",
				   ifibss->bssid,
				   params.chandef.chan->center_freq,
				   params.chandef.width,
				   params.chandef.center_freq1,
				   params.chandef.center_freq2);
			goto disconnect;
		}
		break;
	default:
		/* should not happen, sta_flags should prevent VHT modes. */
		WARN_ON(1);
		goto disconnect;
	}

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	if (!cfg80211_reg_can_beacon(sdata->local->hw.wiphy, &params.chandef)) {
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		sdata_info(sdata,
			   "IBSS %pM switches to unsupported channel (%d MHz, width:%d, CF1/2: %d/%d MHz), disconnecting\n",
			   ifibss->bssid,
			   params.chandef.chan->center_freq,
			   params.chandef.width,
			   params.chandef.center_freq1,
			   params.chandef.center_freq2);
		goto disconnect;
	}

	err = cfg80211_chandef_dfs_required(sdata->local->hw.wiphy,
					    &params.chandef);
	if (err < 0)
		goto disconnect;
	if (err) {
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		/* IBSS-DFS only allowed with a control program */
		if (!ifibss->userspace_handles_dfs)
			goto disconnect;
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		params.radar_required = true;
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	}

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	if (cfg80211_chandef_identical(&params.chandef,
				       &sdata->vif.bss_conf.chandef)) {
		ibss_dbg(sdata,
			 "received csa with an identical chandef, ignoring\n");
		return true;
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	}

	/* all checks done, now perform the channel switch. */
	ibss_dbg(sdata,
		 "received channel switch announcement to go to channel %d MHz\n",
		 params.chandef.chan->center_freq);

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	params.block_tx = !!csa_ie.mode;
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	if (ieee80211_channel_switch(sdata->local->hw.wiphy, sdata->dev,
				     &params))
		goto disconnect;
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	ieee80211_ibss_csa_mark_radar(sdata);

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	return true;
disconnect:
	ibss_dbg(sdata, "Can't handle channel switch, disconnect\n");
	ieee80211_queue_work(&sdata->local->hw,
			     &ifibss->csa_connection_drop_work);

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	ieee80211_ibss_csa_mark_radar(sdata);

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	return true;
}

static void
ieee80211_rx_mgmt_spectrum_mgmt(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata,
				struct ieee80211_mgmt *mgmt, size_t len,
				struct ieee80211_rx_status *rx_status,
				struct ieee802_11_elems *elems)
{
	int required_len;

	if (len < IEEE80211_MIN_ACTION_SIZE + 1)
		return;

	/* CSA is the only action we handle for now */
	if (mgmt->u.action.u.measurement.action_code !=
	    WLAN_ACTION_SPCT_CHL_SWITCH)
		return;

	required_len = IEEE80211_MIN_ACTION_SIZE +
		       sizeof(mgmt->u.action.u.chan_switch);
	if (len < required_len)
		return;

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	if (!sdata->vif.csa_active)
		ieee80211_ibss_process_chanswitch(sdata, elems, false);
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}

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static void ieee80211_rx_mgmt_deauth_ibss(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata,
					  struct ieee80211_mgmt *mgmt,
					  size_t len)
{
	u16 reason = le16_to_cpu(mgmt->u.deauth.reason_code);

	if (len < IEEE80211_DEAUTH_FRAME_LEN)
		return;

	ibss_dbg(sdata, "RX DeAuth SA=%pM DA=%pM BSSID=%pM (reason: %d)\n",
		 mgmt->sa, mgmt->da, mgmt->bssid, reason);
	sta_info_destroy_addr(sdata, mgmt->sa);
}

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static void ieee80211_rx_mgmt_auth_ibss(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata,
					struct ieee80211_mgmt *mgmt,
					size_t len)
{
	u16 auth_alg, auth_transaction;

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	sdata_assert_lock(sdata);
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	if (len < 24 + 6)
		return;

	auth_alg = le16_to_cpu(mgmt->u.auth.auth_alg);
	auth_transaction = le16_to_cpu(mgmt->u.auth.auth_transaction);

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	ibss_dbg(sdata,
		 "RX Auth SA=%pM DA=%pM BSSID=%pM (auth_transaction=%d)\n",
		 mgmt->sa, mgmt->da, mgmt->bssid, auth_transaction);
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	if (auth_alg != WLAN_AUTH_OPEN || auth_transaction != 1)
		return;

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	/*
	 * IEEE 802.11 standard does not require authentication in IBSS
	 * networks and most implementations do not seem to use it.
	 * However, try to reply to authentication attempts if someone
	 * has actually implemented this.
	 */
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	ieee80211_send_auth(sdata, 2, WLAN_AUTH_OPEN, 0, NULL, 0,
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			    mgmt->sa, sdata->u.ibss.bssid, NULL, 0, 0, 0);
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}

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static void ieee80211_rx_bss_info(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata,
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				  struct ieee80211_mgmt *mgmt, size_t len,
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				  struct ieee80211_rx_status *rx_status,
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				  struct ieee802_11_elems *elems)
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{
	struct ieee80211_local *local = sdata->local;
	int freq;
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	struct cfg80211_bss *cbss;
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	struct ieee80211_bss *bss;
	struct sta_info *sta;
	struct ieee80211_channel *channel;
	u64 beacon_timestamp, rx_timestamp;
	u32 supp_rates = 0;
	enum ieee80211_band band = rx_status->band;
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	enum nl80211_bss_scan_width scan_width;
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	struct ieee80211_supported_band *sband = local->hw.wiphy->bands[band];
	bool rates_updated = false;
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	if (elems->ds_params)
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		freq = ieee80211_channel_to_frequency(elems->ds_params[0],
						      band);
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	else
		freq = rx_status->freq;

	channel = ieee80211_get_channel(local->hw.wiphy, freq);

	if (!channel || channel->flags & IEEE80211_CHAN_DISABLED)
		return;

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	if (sdata->vif.type == NL80211_IFTYPE_ADHOC &&
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	    ether_addr_equal(mgmt->bssid, sdata->u.ibss.bssid)) {
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		rcu_read_lock();
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		sta = sta_info_get(sdata, mgmt->sa);
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		if (elems->supp_rates) {
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			supp_rates = ieee80211_sta_get_rates(sdata, elems,
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							     band, NULL);
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			if (sta) {
				u32 prev_rates;

				prev_rates = sta->sta.supp_rates[band];
				/* make sure mandatory rates are always added */
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				scan_width = NL80211_BSS_CHAN_WIDTH_20;
				if (rx_status->flag & RX_FLAG_5MHZ)
					scan_width = NL80211_BSS_CHAN_WIDTH_5;
				if (rx_status->flag & RX_FLAG_10MHZ)
					scan_width = NL80211_BSS_CHAN_WIDTH_10;
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				sta->sta.supp_rates[band] = supp_rates |
					ieee80211_mandatory_rates(sband,
								  scan_width);
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				if (sta->sta.supp_rates[band] != prev_rates) {
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					ibss_dbg(sdata,
						 "updated supp_rates set for %pM based on beacon/probe_resp (0x%x -> 0x%x)\n",
						 sta->sta.addr, prev_rates,
						 sta->sta.supp_rates[band]);
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					rates_updated = true;
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				}
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			} else {
				rcu_read_unlock();
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				sta = ieee80211_ibss_add_sta(sdata, mgmt->bssid,
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						mgmt->sa, supp_rates);
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			}
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		}
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		if (sta && elems->wmm_info)
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			set_sta_flag(sta, WLAN_STA_WME);
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		if (sta && elems->ht_operation && elems->ht_cap_elem &&
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		    sdata->u.ibss.chandef.width != NL80211_CHAN_WIDTH_20_NOHT &&
		    sdata->u.ibss.chandef.width != NL80211_CHAN_WIDTH_5 &&
		    sdata->u.ibss.chandef.width != NL80211_CHAN_WIDTH_10) {
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			/* we both use HT */
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			struct ieee80211_ht_cap htcap_ie;
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			struct cfg80211_chan_def chandef;

			ieee80211_ht_oper_to_chandef(channel,
						     elems->ht_operation,
						     &chandef);
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			memcpy(&htcap_ie, elems->ht_cap_elem, sizeof(htcap_ie));
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			/*
			 * fall back to HT20 if we don't use or use
			 * the other extension channel
			 */
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			if (chandef.center_freq1 !=
			    sdata->u.ibss.chandef.center_freq1)
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				htcap_ie.cap_info &=
					cpu_to_le16(~IEEE80211_HT_CAP_SUP_WIDTH_20_40);

			rates_updated |= ieee80211_ht_cap_ie_to_sta_ht_cap(
						sdata, sband, &htcap_ie, sta);
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		}

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		if (sta && rates_updated) {
			drv_sta_rc_update(local, sdata, &sta->sta,
					  IEEE80211_RC_SUPP_RATES_CHANGED);
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			rate_control_rate_init(sta);
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		}
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		rcu_read_unlock();
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	}

	bss = ieee80211_bss_info_update(local, rx_status, mgmt, len, elems,
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					channel);
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	if (!bss)
		return;

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	cbss = container_of((void *)bss, struct cfg80211_bss, priv);

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	/* same for beacon and probe response */
	beacon_timestamp = le64_to_cpu(mgmt->u.beacon.timestamp);
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	/* check if we need to merge IBSS */

	/* not an IBSS */
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	if (!(cbss->capability & WLAN_CAPABILITY_IBSS))
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		goto put_bss;

	/* different channel */
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	if (sdata->u.ibss.fixed_channel &&
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	    sdata->u.ibss.chandef.chan != cbss->channel)
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		goto put_bss;

	/* different SSID */
	if (elems->ssid_len != sdata->u.ibss.ssid_len ||
	    memcmp(elems->ssid, sdata->u.ibss.ssid,
				sdata->u.ibss.ssid_len))
		goto put_bss;

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	/* process channel switch */
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	if (sdata->vif.csa_active ||
	    ieee80211_ibss_process_chanswitch(sdata, elems, true))
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		goto put_bss;

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	/* same BSSID */
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	if (ether_addr_equal(cbss->bssid, sdata->u.ibss.bssid))
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		goto put_bss;

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	/* we use a fixed BSSID */
	if (sdata->u.ibss.fixed_bssid)
		goto put_bss;

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	if (ieee80211_have_rx_timestamp(rx_status)) {
		/* time when timestamp field was received */
		rx_timestamp =
			ieee80211_calculate_rx_timestamp(local, rx_status,
							 len + FCS_LEN, 24);
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	} else {
		/*
		 * second best option: get current TSF
		 * (will return -1 if not supported)
		 */
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		rx_timestamp = drv_get_tsf(local, sdata);
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	}
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	ibss_dbg(sdata,
		 "RX beacon SA=%pM BSSID=%pM TSF=0x%llx BCN=0x%llx diff=%lld @%lu\n",
		 mgmt->sa, mgmt->bssid,
		 (unsigned long long)rx_timestamp,
		 (unsigned long long)beacon_timestamp,
		 (unsigned long long)(rx_timestamp - beacon_timestamp),
		 jiffies);
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	if (beacon_timestamp > rx_timestamp) {
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		ibss_dbg(sdata,
			 "beacon TSF higher than local TSF - IBSS merge with BSSID %pM\n",
			 mgmt->bssid);
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		ieee80211_sta_join_ibss(sdata, bss);
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		supp_rates = ieee80211_sta_get_rates(sdata, elems, band, NULL);
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		ieee80211_ibss_add_sta(sdata, mgmt->bssid, mgmt->sa,
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				       supp_rates);
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		rcu_read_unlock();
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	}