crash.c 4.44 KB
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/*
 * Architecture specific (i386) functions for kexec based crash dumps.
 *
 * Created by: Hariprasad Nellitheertha (hari@in.ibm.com)
 *
 * Copyright (C) IBM Corporation, 2004. All rights reserved.
 *
 */

#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <linux/reboot.h>
#include <linux/kexec.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/elf.h>
#include <linux/elfcore.h>

#include <asm/processor.h>
#include <asm/hardirq.h>
#include <asm/nmi.h>
#include <asm/hw_irq.h>
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#include <asm/apic.h>
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#include <asm/kdebug.h>

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#include <mach_ipi.h>
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/* This keeps a track of which one is crashing cpu. */
static int crashing_cpu;
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static u32 *append_elf_note(u32 *buf, char *name, unsigned type, void *data,
							       size_t data_len)
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{
	struct elf_note note;
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	note.n_namesz = strlen(name) + 1;
	note.n_descsz = data_len;
	note.n_type   = type;
	memcpy(buf, &note, sizeof(note));
	buf += (sizeof(note) +3)/4;
	memcpy(buf, name, note.n_namesz);
	buf += (note.n_namesz + 3)/4;
	memcpy(buf, data, note.n_descsz);
	buf += (note.n_descsz + 3)/4;
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	return buf;
}

static void final_note(u32 *buf)
{
	struct elf_note note;
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	note.n_namesz = 0;
	note.n_descsz = 0;
	note.n_type   = 0;
	memcpy(buf, &note, sizeof(note));
}

static void crash_save_this_cpu(struct pt_regs *regs, int cpu)
{
	struct elf_prstatus prstatus;
	u32 *buf;
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	if ((cpu < 0) || (cpu >= NR_CPUS))
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		return;
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	/* Using ELF notes here is opportunistic.
	 * I need a well defined structure format
	 * for the data I pass, and I need tags
	 * on the data to indicate what information I have
	 * squirrelled away.  ELF notes happen to provide
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	 * all of that, so there is no need to invent something new.
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	 */
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	buf = (u32*)per_cpu_ptr(crash_notes, cpu);
	if (!buf)
		return;
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	memset(&prstatus, 0, sizeof(prstatus));
	prstatus.pr_pid = current->pid;
	elf_core_copy_regs(&prstatus.pr_reg, regs);
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	buf = append_elf_note(buf, "CORE", NT_PRSTATUS, &prstatus,
				sizeof(prstatus));
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	final_note(buf);
}

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static void crash_save_self(struct pt_regs *regs)
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{
	int cpu;
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	cpu = smp_processor_id();
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	crash_save_this_cpu(regs, cpu);
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}

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#if defined(CONFIG_SMP) && defined(CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC)
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static atomic_t waiting_for_crash_ipi;

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static int crash_nmi_callback(struct notifier_block *self,
			unsigned long val, void *data)
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{
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	struct pt_regs *regs;
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	struct pt_regs fixed_regs;
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	int cpu;

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	if (val != DIE_NMI_IPI)
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		return NOTIFY_OK;

	regs = ((struct die_args *)data)->regs;
	cpu = raw_smp_processor_id();
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	/* Don't do anything if this handler is invoked on crashing cpu.
	 * Otherwise, system will completely hang. Crashing cpu can get
	 * an NMI if system was initially booted with nmi_watchdog parameter.
	 */
	if (cpu == crashing_cpu)
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		return NOTIFY_STOP;
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	local_irq_disable();
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	if (!user_mode_vm(regs)) {
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		crash_fixup_ss_esp(&fixed_regs, regs);
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		regs = &fixed_regs;
	}
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	crash_save_this_cpu(regs, cpu);
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	disable_local_APIC();
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	atomic_dec(&waiting_for_crash_ipi);
	/* Assume hlt works */
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	halt();
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	for (;;)
		cpu_relax();
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	return 1;
}

static void smp_send_nmi_allbutself(void)
{
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	send_IPI_allbutself(NMI_VECTOR);
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}

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static struct notifier_block crash_nmi_nb = {
	.notifier_call = crash_nmi_callback,
};

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static void nmi_shootdown_cpus(void)
{
	unsigned long msecs;

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	atomic_set(&waiting_for_crash_ipi, num_online_cpus() - 1);
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	/* Would it be better to replace the trap vector here? */
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	if (register_die_notifier(&crash_nmi_nb))
		return;		/* return what? */
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	/* Ensure the new callback function is set before sending
	 * out the NMI
	 */
	wmb();

	smp_send_nmi_allbutself();

	msecs = 1000; /* Wait at most a second for the other cpus to stop */
	while ((atomic_read(&waiting_for_crash_ipi) > 0) && msecs) {
		mdelay(1);
		msecs--;
	}

	/* Leave the nmi callback set */
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	disable_local_APIC();
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}
#else
static void nmi_shootdown_cpus(void)
{
	/* There are no cpus to shootdown */
}
#endif

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void machine_crash_shutdown(struct pt_regs *regs)
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{
	/* This function is only called after the system
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	 * has panicked or is otherwise in a critical state.
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	 * The minimum amount of code to allow a kexec'd kernel
	 * to run successfully needs to happen here.
	 *
	 * In practice this means shooting down the other cpus in
	 * an SMP system.
	 */
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	/* The kernel is broken so disable interrupts */
	local_irq_disable();
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	/* Make a note of crashing cpu. Will be used in NMI callback.*/
	crashing_cpu = smp_processor_id();
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	nmi_shootdown_cpus();
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	lapic_shutdown();
#if defined(CONFIG_X86_IO_APIC)
	disable_IO_APIC();
#endif
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	crash_save_self(regs);
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}