mesh_hwmp.c 34.6 KB
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/*
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 * Copyright (c) 2008, 2009 open80211s Ltd.
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 * Author:     Luis Carlos Cobo <luisca@cozybit.com>
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 */

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#include <linux/slab.h>
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#include <linux/etherdevice.h>
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#include <asm/unaligned.h>
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#include "wme.h"
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#include "mesh.h"

#define TEST_FRAME_LEN	8192
#define MAX_METRIC	0xffffffff
#define ARITH_SHIFT	8

#define MAX_PREQ_QUEUE_LEN	64

/* Destination only */
#define MP_F_DO	0x1
/* Reply and forward */
#define MP_F_RF	0x2
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/* Unknown Sequence Number */
#define MP_F_USN    0x01
/* Reason code Present */
#define MP_F_RCODE  0x02
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static void mesh_queue_preq(struct mesh_path *, u8);

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static inline u32 u32_field_get(const u8 *preq_elem, int offset, bool ae)
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{
	if (ae)
		offset += 6;
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	return get_unaligned_le32(preq_elem + offset);
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}

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static inline u32 u16_field_get(const u8 *preq_elem, int offset, bool ae)
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{
	if (ae)
		offset += 6;
	return get_unaligned_le16(preq_elem + offset);
}

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/* HWMP IE processing macros */
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#define AE_F			(1<<6)
#define AE_F_SET(x)		(*x & AE_F)
#define PREQ_IE_FLAGS(x)	(*(x))
#define PREQ_IE_HOPCOUNT(x)	(*(x + 1))
#define PREQ_IE_TTL(x)		(*(x + 2))
#define PREQ_IE_PREQ_ID(x)	u32_field_get(x, 3, 0)
#define PREQ_IE_ORIG_ADDR(x)	(x + 7)
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#define PREQ_IE_ORIG_SN(x)	u32_field_get(x, 13, 0)
#define PREQ_IE_LIFETIME(x)	u32_field_get(x, 17, AE_F_SET(x))
#define PREQ_IE_METRIC(x) 	u32_field_get(x, 21, AE_F_SET(x))
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#define PREQ_IE_TARGET_F(x)	(*(AE_F_SET(x) ? x + 32 : x + 26))
#define PREQ_IE_TARGET_ADDR(x) 	(AE_F_SET(x) ? x + 33 : x + 27)
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#define PREQ_IE_TARGET_SN(x) 	u32_field_get(x, 33, AE_F_SET(x))
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#define PREP_IE_FLAGS(x)	PREQ_IE_FLAGS(x)
#define PREP_IE_HOPCOUNT(x)	PREQ_IE_HOPCOUNT(x)
#define PREP_IE_TTL(x)		PREQ_IE_TTL(x)
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#define PREP_IE_ORIG_ADDR(x)	(AE_F_SET(x) ? x + 27 : x + 21)
#define PREP_IE_ORIG_SN(x)	u32_field_get(x, 27, AE_F_SET(x))
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#define PREP_IE_LIFETIME(x)	u32_field_get(x, 13, AE_F_SET(x))
#define PREP_IE_METRIC(x)	u32_field_get(x, 17, AE_F_SET(x))
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#define PREP_IE_TARGET_ADDR(x)	(x + 3)
#define PREP_IE_TARGET_SN(x)	u32_field_get(x, 9, 0)
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#define PERR_IE_TTL(x)		(*(x))
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#define PERR_IE_TARGET_FLAGS(x)	(*(x + 2))
#define PERR_IE_TARGET_ADDR(x)	(x + 3)
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#define PERR_IE_TARGET_SN(x)	u32_field_get(x, 9, 0)
#define PERR_IE_TARGET_RCODE(x)	u16_field_get(x, 13, 0)
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#define MSEC_TO_TU(x) (x*1000/1024)
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#define SN_GT(x, y) ((s32)(y - x) < 0)
#define SN_LT(x, y) ((s32)(x - y) < 0)
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#define net_traversal_jiffies(s) \
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	msecs_to_jiffies(s->u.mesh.mshcfg.dot11MeshHWMPnetDiameterTraversalTime)
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#define default_lifetime(s) \
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	MSEC_TO_TU(s->u.mesh.mshcfg.dot11MeshHWMPactivePathTimeout)
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#define min_preq_int_jiff(s) \
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	(msecs_to_jiffies(s->u.mesh.mshcfg.dot11MeshHWMPpreqMinInterval))
#define max_preq_retries(s) (s->u.mesh.mshcfg.dot11MeshHWMPmaxPREQretries)
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#define disc_timeout_jiff(s) \
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	msecs_to_jiffies(sdata->u.mesh.mshcfg.min_discovery_timeout)
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#define root_path_confirmation_jiffies(s) \
	msecs_to_jiffies(sdata->u.mesh.mshcfg.dot11MeshHWMPconfirmationInterval)
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enum mpath_frame_type {
	MPATH_PREQ = 0,
	MPATH_PREP,
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	MPATH_PERR,
	MPATH_RANN
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};

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static const u8 broadcast_addr[ETH_ALEN] = {0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff};

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static int mesh_path_sel_frame_tx(enum mpath_frame_type action, u8 flags,
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				  const u8 *orig_addr, __le32 orig_sn,
				  u8 target_flags, const u8 *target,
				  __le32 target_sn, const u8 *da,
				  u8 hop_count, u8 ttl,
				  __le32 lifetime, __le32 metric,
				  __le32 preq_id,
				  struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata)
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{
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	struct ieee80211_local *local = sdata->local;
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	struct sk_buff *skb;
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	struct ieee80211_mgmt *mgmt;
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	u8 *pos, ie_len;
	int hdr_len = offsetof(struct ieee80211_mgmt, u.action.u.mesh_action) +
		      sizeof(mgmt->u.action.u.mesh_action);
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	skb = dev_alloc_skb(local->tx_headroom +
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			    hdr_len +
			    2 + 37); /* max HWMP IE */
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	if (!skb)
		return -1;
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	skb_reserve(skb, local->tx_headroom);
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	mgmt = (struct ieee80211_mgmt *) skb_put(skb, hdr_len);
	memset(mgmt, 0, hdr_len);
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	mgmt->frame_control = cpu_to_le16(IEEE80211_FTYPE_MGMT |
					  IEEE80211_STYPE_ACTION);
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	memcpy(mgmt->da, da, ETH_ALEN);
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	memcpy(mgmt->sa, sdata->vif.addr, ETH_ALEN);
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	/* BSSID == SA */
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	memcpy(mgmt->bssid, sdata->vif.addr, ETH_ALEN);
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	mgmt->u.action.category = WLAN_CATEGORY_MESH_ACTION;
	mgmt->u.action.u.mesh_action.action_code =
					WLAN_MESH_ACTION_HWMP_PATH_SELECTION;
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	switch (action) {
	case MPATH_PREQ:
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		mhwmp_dbg(sdata, "sending PREQ to %pM\n", target);
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		ie_len = 37;
		pos = skb_put(skb, 2 + ie_len);
		*pos++ = WLAN_EID_PREQ;
		break;
	case MPATH_PREP:
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		mhwmp_dbg(sdata, "sending PREP to %pM\n", orig_addr);
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		ie_len = 31;
		pos = skb_put(skb, 2 + ie_len);
		*pos++ = WLAN_EID_PREP;
		break;
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	case MPATH_RANN:
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		mhwmp_dbg(sdata, "sending RANN from %pM\n", orig_addr);
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		ie_len = sizeof(struct ieee80211_rann_ie);
		pos = skb_put(skb, 2 + ie_len);
		*pos++ = WLAN_EID_RANN;
		break;
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	default:
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		kfree_skb(skb);
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		return -ENOTSUPP;
		break;
	}
	*pos++ = ie_len;
	*pos++ = flags;
	*pos++ = hop_count;
	*pos++ = ttl;
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	if (action == MPATH_PREP) {
		memcpy(pos, target, ETH_ALEN);
		pos += ETH_ALEN;
		memcpy(pos, &target_sn, 4);
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		pos += 4;
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	} else {
		if (action == MPATH_PREQ) {
			memcpy(pos, &preq_id, 4);
			pos += 4;
		}
		memcpy(pos, orig_addr, ETH_ALEN);
		pos += ETH_ALEN;
		memcpy(pos, &orig_sn, 4);
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		pos += 4;
	}
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	memcpy(pos, &lifetime, 4);	/* interval for RANN */
	pos += 4;
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	memcpy(pos, &metric, 4);
	pos += 4;
	if (action == MPATH_PREQ) {
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		*pos++ = 1; /* destination count */
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		*pos++ = target_flags;
		memcpy(pos, target, ETH_ALEN);
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		pos += ETH_ALEN;
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		memcpy(pos, &target_sn, 4);
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		pos += 4;
	} else if (action == MPATH_PREP) {
		memcpy(pos, orig_addr, ETH_ALEN);
		pos += ETH_ALEN;
		memcpy(pos, &orig_sn, 4);
		pos += 4;
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	}
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	ieee80211_tx_skb(sdata, skb);
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	return 0;
}

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/*  Headroom is not adjusted.  Caller should ensure that skb has sufficient
 *  headroom in case the frame is encrypted. */
static void prepare_frame_for_deferred_tx(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata,
		struct sk_buff *skb)
{
	struct ieee80211_tx_info *info = IEEE80211_SKB_CB(skb);
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	struct ieee80211_hdr *hdr = (struct ieee80211_hdr *) skb->data;
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	skb_set_mac_header(skb, 0);
	skb_set_network_header(skb, 0);
	skb_set_transport_header(skb, 0);

	/* Send all internal mgmt frames on VO. Accordingly set TID to 7. */
	skb_set_queue_mapping(skb, IEEE80211_AC_VO);
	skb->priority = 7;

	info->control.vif = &sdata->vif;
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	info->flags |= IEEE80211_TX_INTFL_NEED_TXPROCESSING;
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	ieee80211_set_qos_hdr(sdata, skb);
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	ieee80211_mps_set_frame_flags(sdata, NULL, hdr);
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}

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/**
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 * mesh_path_error_tx - Sends a PERR mesh management frame
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 *
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 * @ttl: allowed remaining hops
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 * @target: broken destination
 * @target_sn: SN of the broken destination
 * @target_rcode: reason code for this PERR
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 * @ra: node this frame is addressed to
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 * @sdata: local mesh subif
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 *
 * Note: This function may be called with driver locks taken that the driver
 * also acquires in the TX path.  To avoid a deadlock we don't transmit the
 * frame directly but add it to the pending queue instead.
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 */
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int mesh_path_error_tx(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata,
		       u8 ttl, const u8 *target, __le32 target_sn,
		       __le16 target_rcode, const u8 *ra)
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{
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	struct ieee80211_local *local = sdata->local;
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	struct sk_buff *skb;
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	struct ieee80211_if_mesh *ifmsh = &sdata->u.mesh;
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	struct ieee80211_mgmt *mgmt;
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	u8 *pos, ie_len;
	int hdr_len = offsetof(struct ieee80211_mgmt, u.action.u.mesh_action) +
		      sizeof(mgmt->u.action.u.mesh_action);
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	if (time_before(jiffies, ifmsh->next_perr))
		return -EAGAIN;

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	skb = dev_alloc_skb(local->tx_headroom +
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			    sdata->encrypt_headroom +
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			    IEEE80211_ENCRYPT_TAILROOM +
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			    hdr_len +
			    2 + 15 /* PERR IE */);
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	if (!skb)
		return -1;
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	skb_reserve(skb, local->tx_headroom + sdata->encrypt_headroom);
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	mgmt = (struct ieee80211_mgmt *) skb_put(skb, hdr_len);
	memset(mgmt, 0, hdr_len);
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	mgmt->frame_control = cpu_to_le16(IEEE80211_FTYPE_MGMT |
					  IEEE80211_STYPE_ACTION);
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	memcpy(mgmt->da, ra, ETH_ALEN);
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	memcpy(mgmt->sa, sdata->vif.addr, ETH_ALEN);
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	/* BSSID == SA */
	memcpy(mgmt->bssid, sdata->vif.addr, ETH_ALEN);
	mgmt->u.action.category = WLAN_CATEGORY_MESH_ACTION;
	mgmt->u.action.u.mesh_action.action_code =
					WLAN_MESH_ACTION_HWMP_PATH_SELECTION;
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	ie_len = 15;
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	pos = skb_put(skb, 2 + ie_len);
	*pos++ = WLAN_EID_PERR;
	*pos++ = ie_len;
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	/* ttl */
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	*pos++ = ttl;
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	/* number of destinations */
	*pos++ = 1;
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	/*
	 * flags bit, bit 1 is unset if we know the sequence number and
	 * bit 2 is set if we have a reason code
	 */
	*pos = 0;
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	if (!target_sn)
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		*pos |= MP_F_USN;
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	if (target_rcode)
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		*pos |= MP_F_RCODE;
	pos++;
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	memcpy(pos, target, ETH_ALEN);
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	pos += ETH_ALEN;
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	memcpy(pos, &target_sn, 4);
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	pos += 4;
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	memcpy(pos, &target_rcode, 2);
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	/* see note in function header */
	prepare_frame_for_deferred_tx(sdata, skb);
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	ifmsh->next_perr = TU_TO_EXP_TIME(
				   ifmsh->mshcfg.dot11MeshHWMPperrMinInterval);
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	ieee80211_add_pending_skb(local, skb);
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	return 0;
}

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void ieee80211s_update_metric(struct ieee80211_local *local,
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		struct sta_info *sta, struct sk_buff *skb)
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{
	struct ieee80211_tx_info *txinfo = IEEE80211_SKB_CB(skb);
	struct ieee80211_hdr *hdr = (struct ieee80211_hdr *) skb->data;
	int failed;

	if (!ieee80211_is_data(hdr->frame_control))
		return;

	failed = !(txinfo->flags & IEEE80211_TX_STAT_ACK);

	/* moving average, scaled to 100 */
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	sta->fail_avg = ((80 * sta->fail_avg + 5) / 100 + 20 * failed);
	if (sta->fail_avg > 95)
		mesh_plink_broken(sta);
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}

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static u32 airtime_link_metric_get(struct ieee80211_local *local,
				   struct sta_info *sta)
{
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	struct rate_info rinfo;
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	/* This should be adjusted for each device */
	int device_constant = 1 << ARITH_SHIFT;
	int test_frame_len = TEST_FRAME_LEN << ARITH_SHIFT;
	int s_unit = 1 << ARITH_SHIFT;
	int rate, err;
	u32 tx_time, estimated_retx;
	u64 result;

	if (sta->fail_avg >= 100)
		return MAX_METRIC;
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	sta_set_rate_info_tx(sta, &sta->last_tx_rate, &rinfo);
	rate = cfg80211_calculate_bitrate(&rinfo);
	if (WARN_ON(!rate))
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		return MAX_METRIC;

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	err = (sta->fail_avg << ARITH_SHIFT) / 100;

	/* bitrate is in units of 100 Kbps, while we need rate in units of
	 * 1Mbps. This will be corrected on tx_time computation.
	 */
	tx_time = (device_constant + 10 * test_frame_len / rate);
	estimated_retx = ((1 << (2 * ARITH_SHIFT)) / (s_unit - err));
	result = (tx_time * estimated_retx) >> (2 * ARITH_SHIFT) ;
	return (u32)result;
}

/**
 * hwmp_route_info_get - Update routing info to originator and transmitter
 *
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 * @sdata: local mesh subif
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 * @mgmt: mesh management frame
 * @hwmp_ie: hwmp information element (PREP or PREQ)
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 * @action: type of hwmp ie
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 *
 * This function updates the path routing information to the originator and the
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 * transmitter of a HWMP PREQ or PREP frame.
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 *
 * Returns: metric to frame originator or 0 if the frame should not be further
 * processed
 *
 * Notes: this function is the only place (besides user-provided info) where
 * path routing information is updated.
 */
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static u32 hwmp_route_info_get(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata,
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			       struct ieee80211_mgmt *mgmt,
			       const u8 *hwmp_ie, enum mpath_frame_type action)
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{
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	struct ieee80211_local *local = sdata->local;
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	struct mesh_path *mpath;
	struct sta_info *sta;
	bool fresh_info;
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	const u8 *orig_addr, *ta;
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	u32 orig_sn, orig_metric;
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	unsigned long orig_lifetime, exp_time;
	u32 last_hop_metric, new_metric;
	bool process = true;

	rcu_read_lock();
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	sta = sta_info_get(sdata, mgmt->sa);
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	if (!sta) {
		rcu_read_unlock();
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		return 0;
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	}
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	last_hop_metric = airtime_link_metric_get(local, sta);
	/* Update and check originator routing info */
	fresh_info = true;

	switch (action) {
	case MPATH_PREQ:
		orig_addr = PREQ_IE_ORIG_ADDR(hwmp_ie);
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		orig_sn = PREQ_IE_ORIG_SN(hwmp_ie);
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		orig_lifetime = PREQ_IE_LIFETIME(hwmp_ie);
		orig_metric = PREQ_IE_METRIC(hwmp_ie);
		break;
	case MPATH_PREP:
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		/* Originator here refers to the MP that was the target in the
		 * Path Request. We divert from the nomenclature in the draft
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		 * so that we can easily use a single function to gather path
		 * information from both PREQ and PREP frames.
		 */
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		orig_addr = PREP_IE_TARGET_ADDR(hwmp_ie);
		orig_sn = PREP_IE_TARGET_SN(hwmp_ie);
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		orig_lifetime = PREP_IE_LIFETIME(hwmp_ie);
		orig_metric = PREP_IE_METRIC(hwmp_ie);
		break;
	default:
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		rcu_read_unlock();
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		return 0;
	}
	new_metric = orig_metric + last_hop_metric;
	if (new_metric < orig_metric)
		new_metric = MAX_METRIC;
	exp_time = TU_TO_EXP_TIME(orig_lifetime);

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	if (ether_addr_equal(orig_addr, sdata->vif.addr)) {
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		/* This MP is the originator, we are not interested in this
		 * frame, except for updating transmitter's path info.
		 */
		process = false;
		fresh_info = false;
	} else {
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		mpath = mesh_path_lookup(sdata, orig_addr);
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		if (mpath) {
			spin_lock_bh(&mpath->state_lock);
			if (mpath->flags & MESH_PATH_FIXED)
				fresh_info = false;
			else if ((mpath->flags & MESH_PATH_ACTIVE) &&
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			    (mpath->flags & MESH_PATH_SN_VALID)) {
				if (SN_GT(mpath->sn, orig_sn) ||
				    (mpath->sn == orig_sn &&
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				     new_metric >= mpath->metric)) {
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					process = false;
					fresh_info = false;
				}
			}
		} else {
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			mpath = mesh_path_add(sdata, orig_addr);
			if (IS_ERR(mpath)) {
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				rcu_read_unlock();
				return 0;
			}
			spin_lock_bh(&mpath->state_lock);
		}

		if (fresh_info) {
			mesh_path_assign_nexthop(mpath, sta);
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			mpath->flags |= MESH_PATH_SN_VALID;
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			mpath->metric = new_metric;
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			mpath->sn = orig_sn;
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			mpath->exp_time = time_after(mpath->exp_time, exp_time)
					  ?  mpath->exp_time : exp_time;
			mesh_path_activate(mpath);
			spin_unlock_bh(&mpath->state_lock);
			mesh_path_tx_pending(mpath);
			/* draft says preq_id should be saved to, but there does
			 * not seem to be any use for it, skipping by now
			 */
		} else
			spin_unlock_bh(&mpath->state_lock);
	}

	/* Update and check transmitter routing info */
	ta = mgmt->sa;
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	if (ether_addr_equal(orig_addr, ta))
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		fresh_info = false;
	else {
		fresh_info = true;

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		mpath = mesh_path_lookup(sdata, ta);
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		if (mpath) {
			spin_lock_bh(&mpath->state_lock);
			if ((mpath->flags & MESH_PATH_FIXED) ||
				((mpath->flags & MESH_PATH_ACTIVE) &&
					(last_hop_metric > mpath->metric)))
				fresh_info = false;
		} else {
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			mpath = mesh_path_add(sdata, ta);
			if (IS_ERR(mpath)) {
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				rcu_read_unlock();
				return 0;
			}
			spin_lock_bh(&mpath->state_lock);
		}

		if (fresh_info) {
			mesh_path_assign_nexthop(mpath, sta);
			mpath->metric = last_hop_metric;
			mpath->exp_time = time_after(mpath->exp_time, exp_time)
					  ?  mpath->exp_time : exp_time;
			mesh_path_activate(mpath);
			spin_unlock_bh(&mpath->state_lock);
			mesh_path_tx_pending(mpath);
		} else
			spin_unlock_bh(&mpath->state_lock);
	}

	rcu_read_unlock();

	return process ? new_metric : 0;
}

513
static void hwmp_preq_frame_process(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata,
514
				    struct ieee80211_mgmt *mgmt,
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				    const u8 *preq_elem, u32 metric)
516
{
517
	struct ieee80211_if_mesh *ifmsh = &sdata->u.mesh;
518
	struct mesh_path *mpath = NULL;
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	const u8 *target_addr, *orig_addr;
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	const u8 *da;
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	u8 target_flags, ttl, flags;
	u32 orig_sn, target_sn, lifetime, orig_metric;
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	bool reply = false;
	bool forward = true;
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	bool root_is_gate;
526

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	/* Update target SN, if present */
	target_addr = PREQ_IE_TARGET_ADDR(preq_elem);
529
	orig_addr = PREQ_IE_ORIG_ADDR(preq_elem);
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	target_sn = PREQ_IE_TARGET_SN(preq_elem);
	orig_sn = PREQ_IE_ORIG_SN(preq_elem);
	target_flags = PREQ_IE_TARGET_F(preq_elem);
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	orig_metric = metric;
	/* Proactive PREQ gate announcements */
	flags = PREQ_IE_FLAGS(preq_elem);
	root_is_gate = !!(flags & RANN_FLAG_IS_GATE);
537

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	mhwmp_dbg(sdata, "received PREQ from %pM\n", orig_addr);
539

540
	if (ether_addr_equal(target_addr, sdata->vif.addr)) {
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		mhwmp_dbg(sdata, "PREQ is for us\n");
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		forward = false;
		reply = true;
		metric = 0;
545
		if (time_after(jiffies, ifmsh->last_sn_update +
546
					net_traversal_jiffies(sdata)) ||
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		    time_before(jiffies, ifmsh->last_sn_update)) {
			target_sn = ++ifmsh->sn;
			ifmsh->last_sn_update = jiffies;
550
		}
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	} else if (is_broadcast_ether_addr(target_addr) &&
		   (target_flags & IEEE80211_PREQ_TO_FLAG)) {
		rcu_read_lock();
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554
		mpath = mesh_path_lookup(sdata, orig_addr);
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		if (mpath) {
			if (flags & IEEE80211_PREQ_PROACTIVE_PREP_FLAG) {
				reply = true;
				target_addr = sdata->vif.addr;
				target_sn = ++ifmsh->sn;
				metric = 0;
				ifmsh->last_sn_update = jiffies;
			}
			if (root_is_gate)
				mesh_path_add_gate(mpath);
		}
		rcu_read_unlock();
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	} else {
		rcu_read_lock();
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		mpath = mesh_path_lookup(sdata, target_addr);
570
		if (mpath) {
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			if ((!(mpath->flags & MESH_PATH_SN_VALID)) ||
					SN_LT(mpath->sn, target_sn)) {
				mpath->sn = target_sn;
				mpath->flags |= MESH_PATH_SN_VALID;
			} else if ((!(target_flags & MP_F_DO)) &&
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					(mpath->flags & MESH_PATH_ACTIVE)) {
				reply = true;
				metric = mpath->metric;
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				target_sn = mpath->sn;
				if (target_flags & MP_F_RF)
					target_flags |= MP_F_DO;
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				else
					forward = false;
			}
		}
		rcu_read_unlock();
	}

	if (reply) {
		lifetime = PREQ_IE_LIFETIME(preq_elem);
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		ttl = ifmsh->mshcfg.element_ttl;
592
		if (ttl != 0) {
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			mhwmp_dbg(sdata, "replying to the PREQ\n");
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			mesh_path_sel_frame_tx(MPATH_PREP, 0, orig_addr,
				cpu_to_le32(orig_sn), 0, target_addr,
				cpu_to_le32(target_sn), mgmt->sa, 0, ttl,
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				cpu_to_le32(lifetime), cpu_to_le32(metric),
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				0, sdata);
599
		} else {
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			ifmsh->mshstats.dropped_frames_ttl++;
601
		}
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	}

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	if (forward && ifmsh->mshcfg.dot11MeshForwarding) {
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		u32 preq_id;
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		u8 hopcount;
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		ttl = PREQ_IE_TTL(preq_elem);
		lifetime = PREQ_IE_LIFETIME(preq_elem);
		if (ttl <= 1) {
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			ifmsh->mshstats.dropped_frames_ttl++;
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			return;
		}
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		mhwmp_dbg(sdata, "forwarding the PREQ from %pM\n", orig_addr);
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		--ttl;
		preq_id = PREQ_IE_PREQ_ID(preq_elem);
		hopcount = PREQ_IE_HOPCOUNT(preq_elem) + 1;
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		da = (mpath && mpath->is_root) ?
			mpath->rann_snd_addr : broadcast_addr;
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		if (flags & IEEE80211_PREQ_PROACTIVE_PREP_FLAG) {
			target_addr = PREQ_IE_TARGET_ADDR(preq_elem);
			target_sn = PREQ_IE_TARGET_SN(preq_elem);
			metric = orig_metric;
		}

627
		mesh_path_sel_frame_tx(MPATH_PREQ, flags, orig_addr,
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				cpu_to_le32(orig_sn), target_flags, target_addr,
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				cpu_to_le32(target_sn), da,
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				hopcount, ttl, cpu_to_le32(lifetime),
				cpu_to_le32(metric), cpu_to_le32(preq_id),
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				sdata);
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		if (!is_multicast_ether_addr(da))
			ifmsh->mshstats.fwded_unicast++;
		else
			ifmsh->mshstats.fwded_mcast++;
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		ifmsh->mshstats.fwded_frames++;
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	}
}


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static inline struct sta_info *
next_hop_deref_protected(struct mesh_path *mpath)
{
	return rcu_dereference_protected(mpath->next_hop,
					 lockdep_is_held(&mpath->state_lock));
}


650
static void hwmp_prep_frame_process(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata,
651
				    struct ieee80211_mgmt *mgmt,
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				    const u8 *prep_elem, u32 metric)
653
{
654
	struct ieee80211_if_mesh *ifmsh = &sdata->u.mesh;
655
	struct mesh_path *mpath;
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	const u8 *target_addr, *orig_addr;
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	u8 ttl, hopcount, flags;
	u8 next_hop[ETH_ALEN];
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	u32 target_sn, orig_sn, lifetime;
660

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	mhwmp_dbg(sdata, "received PREP from %pM\n",
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		  PREP_IE_TARGET_ADDR(prep_elem));
663

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	orig_addr = PREP_IE_ORIG_ADDR(prep_elem);
665
	if (ether_addr_equal(orig_addr, sdata->vif.addr))
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		/* destination, no forwarding required */
		return;

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	if (!ifmsh->mshcfg.dot11MeshForwarding)
		return;

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	ttl = PREP_IE_TTL(prep_elem);
	if (ttl <= 1) {
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		sdata->u.mesh.mshstats.dropped_frames_ttl++;
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		return;
	}

	rcu_read_lock();
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	mpath = mesh_path_lookup(sdata, orig_addr);
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	if (mpath)
		spin_lock_bh(&mpath->state_lock);
	else
		goto fail;
	if (!(mpath->flags & MESH_PATH_ACTIVE)) {
		spin_unlock_bh(&mpath->state_lock);
		goto fail;
	}
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	memcpy(next_hop, next_hop_deref_protected(mpath)->sta.addr, ETH_ALEN);
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	spin_unlock_bh(&mpath->state_lock);
	--ttl;
	flags = PREP_IE_FLAGS(prep_elem);
	lifetime = PREP_IE_LIFETIME(prep_elem);
	hopcount = PREP_IE_HOPCOUNT(prep_elem) + 1;
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	target_addr = PREP_IE_TARGET_ADDR(prep_elem);
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	target_sn = PREP_IE_TARGET_SN(prep_elem);
	orig_sn = PREP_IE_ORIG_SN(prep_elem);
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	mesh_path_sel_frame_tx(MPATH_PREP, flags, orig_addr,
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		cpu_to_le32(orig_sn), 0, target_addr,
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		cpu_to_le32(target_sn), next_hop, hopcount,
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		ttl, cpu_to_le32(lifetime), cpu_to_le32(metric),
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		0, sdata);
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	rcu_read_unlock();
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	sdata->u.mesh.mshstats.fwded_unicast++;
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	sdata->u.mesh.mshstats.fwded_frames++;
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	return;

fail:
	rcu_read_unlock();
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	sdata->u.mesh.mshstats.dropped_frames_no_route++;
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}

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static void hwmp_perr_frame_process(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata,
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				    struct ieee80211_mgmt *mgmt,
				    const u8 *perr_elem)
717
{
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	struct ieee80211_if_mesh *ifmsh = &sdata->u.mesh;
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	struct mesh_path *mpath;
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	u8 ttl;
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	const u8 *ta, *target_addr;
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	u32 target_sn;
	u16 target_rcode;
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	ta = mgmt->sa;
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	ttl = PERR_IE_TTL(perr_elem);
	if (ttl <= 1) {
		ifmsh->mshstats.dropped_frames_ttl++;
		return;
	}
	ttl--;
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	target_addr = PERR_IE_TARGET_ADDR(perr_elem);
	target_sn = PERR_IE_TARGET_SN(perr_elem);
	target_rcode = PERR_IE_TARGET_RCODE(perr_elem);
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	rcu_read_lock();
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	mpath = mesh_path_lookup(sdata, target_addr);
738
	if (mpath) {
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		struct sta_info *sta;

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		spin_lock_bh(&mpath->state_lock);
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		sta = next_hop_deref_protected(mpath);
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		if (mpath->flags & MESH_PATH_ACTIVE &&
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		    ether_addr_equal(ta, sta->sta.addr) &&
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		    (!(mpath->flags & MESH_PATH_SN_VALID) ||
		    SN_GT(target_sn, mpath->sn))) {
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			mpath->flags &= ~MESH_PATH_ACTIVE;
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			mpath->sn = target_sn;
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			spin_unlock_bh(&mpath->state_lock);
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			if (!ifmsh->mshcfg.dot11MeshForwarding)
				goto endperr;
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			mesh_path_error_tx(sdata, ttl, target_addr,
					   cpu_to_le32(target_sn),
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					   cpu_to_le16(target_rcode),
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					   broadcast_addr);
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		} else
			spin_unlock_bh(&mpath->state_lock);
	}
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endperr:
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	rcu_read_unlock();
}

763
static void hwmp_rann_frame_process(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata,
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				    struct ieee80211_mgmt *mgmt,
				    const struct ieee80211_rann_ie *rann)
766
767
{
	struct ieee80211_if_mesh *ifmsh = &sdata->u.mesh;
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	struct ieee80211_local *local = sdata->local;
	struct sta_info *sta;
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	struct mesh_path *mpath;
	u8 ttl, flags, hopcount;
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	const u8 *orig_addr;
773
	u32 orig_sn, metric, metric_txsta, interval;
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	bool root_is_gate;
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	ttl = rann->rann_ttl;
	flags = rann->rann_flags;
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	root_is_gate = !!(flags & RANN_FLAG_IS_GATE);
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	orig_addr = rann->rann_addr;
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	orig_sn = le32_to_cpu(rann->rann_seq);
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	interval = le32_to_cpu(rann->rann_interval);
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	hopcount = rann->rann_hopcount;
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	hopcount++;
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	metric = le32_to_cpu(rann->rann_metric);
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	/*  Ignore our own RANNs */
787
	if (ether_addr_equal(orig_addr, sdata->vif.addr))
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		return;

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	mhwmp_dbg(sdata,
		  "received RANN from %pM via neighbour %pM (is_gate=%d)\n",
		  orig_addr, mgmt->sa, root_is_gate);
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	rcu_read_lock();
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	sta = sta_info_get(sdata, mgmt->sa);
	if (!sta) {
		rcu_read_unlock();
		return;
	}

	metric_txsta = airtime_link_metric_get(local, sta);

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803
	mpath = mesh_path_lookup(sdata, orig_addr);
804
	if (!mpath) {
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		mpath = mesh_path_add(sdata, orig_addr);
		if (IS_ERR(mpath)) {
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			rcu_read_unlock();
			sdata->u.mesh.mshstats.dropped_frames_no_route++;
			return;
		}
	}
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	if (!(SN_LT(mpath->sn, orig_sn)) &&
	    !(mpath->sn == orig_sn && metric < mpath->rann_metric)) {
		rcu_read_unlock();
		return;
	}

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	if ((!(mpath->flags & (MESH_PATH_ACTIVE | MESH_PATH_RESOLVING)) ||
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	     (time_after(jiffies, mpath->last_preq_to_root +
				  root_path_confirmation_jiffies(sdata)) ||
	     time_before(jiffies, mpath->last_preq_to_root))) &&
823
	     !(mpath->flags & MESH_PATH_FIXED) && (ttl != 0)) {
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		mhwmp_dbg(sdata,
			  "time to refresh root mpath %pM\n",
			  orig_addr);
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		mesh_queue_preq(mpath, PREQ_Q_F_START | PREQ_Q_F_REFRESH);
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		mpath->last_preq_to_root = jiffies;
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	}

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	mpath->sn = orig_sn;
	mpath->rann_metric = metric + metric_txsta;
	mpath->is_root = true;
	/* Recording RANNs sender address to send individually
	 * addressed PREQs destined for root mesh STA */
	memcpy(mpath->rann_snd_addr, mgmt->sa, ETH_ALEN);

	if (root_is_gate)
		mesh_path_add_gate(mpath);

	if (ttl <= 1) {
		ifmsh->mshstats.dropped_frames_ttl++;
		rcu_read_unlock();
		return;
	}
	ttl--;

	if (ifmsh->mshcfg.dot11MeshForwarding) {
849
		mesh_path_sel_frame_tx(MPATH_RANN, flags, orig_addr,
850
				       cpu_to_le32(orig_sn),
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				       0, NULL, 0, broadcast_addr,
852
				       hopcount, ttl, cpu_to_le32(interval),
853
				       cpu_to_le32(metric + metric_txsta),
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				       0, sdata);
	}
856

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	rcu_read_unlock();
}
859
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861
void mesh_rx_path_sel_frame(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata,
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			    struct ieee80211_mgmt *mgmt, size_t len)
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{
	struct ieee802_11_elems elems;
	size_t baselen;
	u32 last_hop_metric;
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	struct sta_info *sta;
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	/* need action_code */
	if (len < IEEE80211_MIN_ACTION_SIZE + 1)
		return;

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	rcu_read_lock();
	sta = sta_info_get(sdata, mgmt->sa);
	if (!sta || sta->plink_state != NL80211_PLINK_ESTAB) {
		rcu_read_unlock();
		return;
	}
	rcu_read_unlock();

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	baselen = (u8 *) mgmt->u.action.u.mesh_action.variable - (u8 *) mgmt;
	ieee802_11_parse_elems(mgmt->u.action.u.mesh_action.variable,
883
			       len - baselen, false, &elems);
884

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	if (elems.preq) {
		if (elems.preq_len != 37)
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			/* Right now we support just 1 destination and no AE */
			return;
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		last_hop_metric = hwmp_route_info_get(sdata, mgmt, elems.preq,
						      MPATH_PREQ);
		if (last_hop_metric)
			hwmp_preq_frame_process(sdata, mgmt, elems.preq,
						last_hop_metric);
	}
	if (elems.prep) {
		if (elems.prep_len != 31)
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			/* Right now we support no AE */
			return;
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		last_hop_metric = hwmp_route_info_get(sdata, mgmt, elems.prep,
						      MPATH_PREP);
		if (last_hop_metric)
			hwmp_prep_frame_process(sdata, mgmt, elems.prep,
						last_hop_metric);
	}
	if (elems.perr) {
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		if (elems.perr_len != 15)
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			/* Right now we support only one destination per PERR */
			return;
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		hwmp_perr_frame_process(sdata, mgmt, elems.perr);
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	}
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	if (elems.rann)
		hwmp_rann_frame_process(sdata, mgmt, elems.rann);
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}

/**
 * mesh_queue_preq - queue a PREQ to a given destination
 *
 * @mpath: mesh path to discover
 * @flags: special attributes of the PREQ to be sent
 *
 * Locking: the function must be called from within a rcu read lock block.
 *
 */
static void mesh_queue_preq(struct mesh_path *mpath, u8 flags)
{
926
	struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata = mpath->sdata;
927
	struct ieee80211_if_mesh *ifmsh = &sdata->u.mesh;
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	struct mesh_preq_queue *preq_node;

930
	preq_node = kmalloc(sizeof(struct mesh_preq_queue), GFP_ATOMIC);
931
	if (!preq_node) {
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		mhwmp_dbg(sdata, "could not allocate PREQ node\n");
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		return;
	}

936
	spin_lock_bh(&ifmsh->mesh_preq_queue_lock);
937
	if (ifmsh->preq_queue_len == MAX_PREQ_QUEUE_LEN) {
938
		spin_unlock_bh(&ifmsh->mesh_preq_queue_lock);
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		kfree(preq_node);
		if (printk_ratelimit())
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			mhwmp_dbg(sdata, "PREQ node queue full\n");
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		return;
	}

945
	spin_lock(&mpath->state_lock);
946
	if (mpath->flags & MESH_PATH_REQ_QUEUED) {
947
		spin_unlock(&mpath->state_lock);
948
		spin_unlock_bh(&ifmsh->mesh_preq_queue_lock);
949
		kfree(preq_node);
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		return;
	}

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	memcpy(preq_node->dst, mpath->dst, ETH_ALEN);
	preq_node->flags = flags;

956
	mpath->flags |= MESH_PATH_REQ_QUEUED;
957
	spin_unlock(&mpath->state_lock);
958

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	list_add_tail(&preq_node->list, &ifmsh->preq_queue.list);
	++ifmsh->preq_queue_len;
961
	spin_unlock_bh(&ifmsh->mesh_preq_queue_lock);
962

963
	if (time_after(jiffies, ifmsh->last_preq + min_preq_int_jiff(sdata)))
964
		ieee80211_queue_work(&sdata->local->hw, &sdata->work);
965

966
	else if (time_before(jiffies, ifmsh->last_preq)) {
967
968
969
		/* avoid long wait if did not send preqs for a long time
		 * and jiffies wrapped around
		 */
970
		ifmsh->last_preq = jiffies - min_preq_int_jiff(sdata) - 1;
971
		ieee80211_queue_work(&sdata->local->hw, &sdata->work);
972
	} else
973
		mod_timer(&ifmsh->mesh_path_timer, ifmsh->last_preq +
974
975
976
977
978
979
						min_preq_int_jiff(sdata));
}

/**
 * mesh_path_start_discovery - launch a path discovery from the PREQ queue
 *