mlme.c 98.1 KB
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/*
 * BSS client mode implementation
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 * Copyright 2003-2008, Jouni Malinen <j@w1.fi>
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 * Copyright 2004, Instant802 Networks, Inc.
 * Copyright 2005, Devicescape Software, Inc.
 * Copyright 2006-2007	Jiri Benc <jbenc@suse.cz>
 * Copyright 2007, Michael Wu <flamingice@sourmilk.net>
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 */

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#include <linux/delay.h>
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#include <linux/if_ether.h>
#include <linux/skbuff.h>
#include <linux/if_arp.h>
#include <linux/etherdevice.h>
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#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
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#include <linux/rtnetlink.h>
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#include <linux/pm_qos.h>
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#include <linux/crc32.h>
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#include <linux/slab.h>
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#include <linux/export.h>
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#include <net/mac80211.h>
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#include <asm/unaligned.h>
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#include "ieee80211_i.h"
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#include "driver-ops.h"
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#include "rate.h"
#include "led.h"
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#define IEEE80211_AUTH_TIMEOUT (HZ / 5)
#define IEEE80211_AUTH_MAX_TRIES 3
#define IEEE80211_AUTH_WAIT_ASSOC (HZ * 5)
#define IEEE80211_ASSOC_TIMEOUT (HZ / 5)
#define IEEE80211_ASSOC_MAX_TRIES 3

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static int max_nullfunc_tries = 2;
module_param(max_nullfunc_tries, int, 0644);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(max_nullfunc_tries,
		 "Maximum nullfunc tx tries before disconnecting (reason 4).");

static int max_probe_tries = 5;
module_param(max_probe_tries, int, 0644);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(max_probe_tries,
		 "Maximum probe tries before disconnecting (reason 4).");
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/*
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 * Beacon loss timeout is calculated as N frames times the
 * advertised beacon interval.  This may need to be somewhat
 * higher than what hardware might detect to account for
 * delays in the host processing frames. But since we also
 * probe on beacon miss before declaring the connection lost
 * default to what we want.
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 */
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#define IEEE80211_BEACON_LOSS_COUNT	7

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/*
 * Time the connection can be idle before we probe
 * it to see if we can still talk to the AP.
 */
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#define IEEE80211_CONNECTION_IDLE_TIME	(30 * HZ)
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/*
 * Time we wait for a probe response after sending
 * a probe request because of beacon loss or for
 * checking the connection still works.
 */
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static int probe_wait_ms = 500;
module_param(probe_wait_ms, int, 0644);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(probe_wait_ms,
		 "Maximum time(ms) to wait for probe response"
		 " before disconnecting (reason 4).");
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/*
 * Weight given to the latest Beacon frame when calculating average signal
 * strength for Beacon frames received in the current BSS. This must be
 * between 1 and 15.
 */
#define IEEE80211_SIGNAL_AVE_WEIGHT	3

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/*
 * How many Beacon frames need to have been used in average signal strength
 * before starting to indicate signal change events.
 */
#define IEEE80211_SIGNAL_AVE_MIN_COUNT	4

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#define TMR_RUNNING_TIMER	0
#define TMR_RUNNING_CHANSW	1

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#define DEAUTH_DISASSOC_LEN	(24 /* hdr */ + 2 /* reason */)

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/*
 * All cfg80211 functions have to be called outside a locked
 * section so that they can acquire a lock themselves... This
 * is much simpler than queuing up things in cfg80211, but we
 * do need some indirection for that here.
 */
enum rx_mgmt_action {
	/* no action required */
	RX_MGMT_NONE,

	/* caller must call cfg80211_send_deauth() */
	RX_MGMT_CFG80211_DEAUTH,

	/* caller must call cfg80211_send_disassoc() */
	RX_MGMT_CFG80211_DISASSOC,
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	/* caller must call cfg80211_send_rx_auth() */
	RX_MGMT_CFG80211_RX_AUTH,

	/* caller must call cfg80211_send_rx_assoc() */
	RX_MGMT_CFG80211_RX_ASSOC,

	/* caller must call cfg80211_send_assoc_timeout() */
	RX_MGMT_CFG80211_ASSOC_TIMEOUT,
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};

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/* utils */
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static inline void ASSERT_MGD_MTX(struct ieee80211_if_managed *ifmgd)
{
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	lockdep_assert_held(&ifmgd->mtx);
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}

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/*
 * We can have multiple work items (and connection probing)
 * scheduling this timer, but we need to take care to only
 * reschedule it when it should fire _earlier_ than it was
 * asked for before, or if it's not pending right now. This
 * function ensures that. Note that it then is required to
 * run this function for all timeouts after the first one
 * has happened -- the work that runs from this timer will
 * do that.
 */
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static void run_again(struct ieee80211_if_managed *ifmgd, unsigned long timeout)
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{
	ASSERT_MGD_MTX(ifmgd);

	if (!timer_pending(&ifmgd->timer) ||
	    time_before(timeout, ifmgd->timer.expires))
		mod_timer(&ifmgd->timer, timeout);
}

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void ieee80211_sta_reset_beacon_monitor(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata)
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{
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	if (sdata->vif.driver_flags & IEEE80211_VIF_BEACON_FILTER)
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		return;

	mod_timer(&sdata->u.mgd.bcn_mon_timer,
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		  round_jiffies_up(jiffies + sdata->u.mgd.beacon_timeout));
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}

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void ieee80211_sta_reset_conn_monitor(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata)
{
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	struct ieee80211_if_managed *ifmgd = &sdata->u.mgd;

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	if (unlikely(!sdata->u.mgd.associated))
		return;

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	if (sdata->local->hw.flags & IEEE80211_HW_CONNECTION_MONITOR)
		return;

	mod_timer(&sdata->u.mgd.conn_mon_timer,
		  round_jiffies_up(jiffies + IEEE80211_CONNECTION_IDLE_TIME));
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	ifmgd->probe_send_count = 0;
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}

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static int ecw2cw(int ecw)
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{
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	return (1 << ecw) - 1;
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}

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static u32 ieee80211_config_ht_tx(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata,
				  struct ieee80211_ht_operation *ht_oper,
				  const u8 *bssid, bool reconfig)
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{
	struct ieee80211_local *local = sdata->local;
	struct ieee80211_supported_band *sband;
	struct sta_info *sta;
	u32 changed = 0;
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	u16 ht_opmode;
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	enum nl80211_channel_type channel_type;
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	sband = local->hw.wiphy->bands[local->hw.conf.channel->band];
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	channel_type = local->hw.conf.channel_type;
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	if (WARN_ON_ONCE(channel_type == NL80211_CHAN_NO_HT))
		return 0;
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	channel_type = ieee80211_get_tx_channel_type(local, channel_type);
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	/* This can change during the lifetime of the BSS */
	if (!(ht_oper->ht_param & IEEE80211_HT_PARAM_CHAN_WIDTH_ANY))
		channel_type = NL80211_CHAN_HT20;
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	if (!reconfig || (sdata->u.mgd.tx_chantype != channel_type)) {
		if (reconfig) {
			/*
			 * Whenever the AP announces the HT mode changed
			 * (e.g. 40 MHz intolerant) stop queues to avoid
			 * sending out frames while the rate control is
			 * reconfiguring.
			 */
			ieee80211_stop_queues_by_reason(&sdata->local->hw,
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				IEEE80211_QUEUE_STOP_REASON_CHTYPE_CHANGE);

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			/* flush out all packets */
			synchronize_net();
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			drv_flush(local, false);
		}
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		rcu_read_lock();
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		sta = sta_info_get(sdata, bssid);
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		if (sta)
			rate_control_rate_update(local, sband, sta,
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						 IEEE80211_RC_HT_CHANGED,
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						 channel_type);
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		rcu_read_unlock();
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		sdata->u.mgd.tx_chantype = channel_type;

		if (reconfig)
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			ieee80211_wake_queues_by_reason(&sdata->local->hw,
				IEEE80211_QUEUE_STOP_REASON_CHTYPE_CHANGE);
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	}
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	ht_opmode = le16_to_cpu(ht_oper->operation_mode);
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	/* if bss configuration changed store the new one */
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	if (!reconfig || (sdata->vif.bss_conf.ht_operation_mode != ht_opmode)) {
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		changed |= BSS_CHANGED_HT;
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		sdata->vif.bss_conf.ht_operation_mode = ht_opmode;
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	}

	return changed;
}

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/* frame sending functions */

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static int ieee80211_compatible_rates(const u8 *supp_rates, int supp_rates_len,
				      struct ieee80211_supported_band *sband,
				      u32 *rates)
{
	int i, j, count;
	*rates = 0;
	count = 0;
	for (i = 0; i < supp_rates_len; i++) {
		int rate = (supp_rates[i] & 0x7F) * 5;

		for (j = 0; j < sband->n_bitrates; j++)
			if (sband->bitrates[j].bitrate == rate) {
				*rates |= BIT(j);
				count++;
				break;
			}
	}

	return count;
}

static void ieee80211_add_ht_ie(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata,
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				struct sk_buff *skb, const u8 *ht_oper_ie,
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				struct ieee80211_supported_band *sband,
				struct ieee80211_channel *channel,
				enum ieee80211_smps_mode smps)
{
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	struct ieee80211_ht_operation *ht_oper;
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	u8 *pos;
	u32 flags = channel->flags;
	u16 cap;
	struct ieee80211_sta_ht_cap ht_cap;

	BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(ht_cap) != sizeof(sband->ht_cap));

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	if (!ht_oper_ie)
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		return;

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	if (ht_oper_ie[1] < sizeof(struct ieee80211_ht_operation))
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		return;

	memcpy(&ht_cap, &sband->ht_cap, sizeof(ht_cap));
	ieee80211_apply_htcap_overrides(sdata, &ht_cap);

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	ht_oper = (struct ieee80211_ht_operation *)(ht_oper_ie + 2);
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	/* determine capability flags */
	cap = ht_cap.cap;

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	switch (ht_oper->ht_param & IEEE80211_HT_PARAM_CHA_SEC_OFFSET) {
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	case IEEE80211_HT_PARAM_CHA_SEC_ABOVE:
		if (flags & IEEE80211_CHAN_NO_HT40PLUS) {
			cap &= ~IEEE80211_HT_CAP_SUP_WIDTH_20_40;
			cap &= ~IEEE80211_HT_CAP_SGI_40;
		}
		break;
	case IEEE80211_HT_PARAM_CHA_SEC_BELOW:
		if (flags & IEEE80211_CHAN_NO_HT40MINUS) {
			cap &= ~IEEE80211_HT_CAP_SUP_WIDTH_20_40;
			cap &= ~IEEE80211_HT_CAP_SGI_40;
		}
		break;
	}

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	/*
	 * If 40 MHz was disabled associate as though we weren't
	 * capable of 40 MHz -- some broken APs will never fall
	 * back to trying to transmit in 20 MHz.
	 */
	if (sdata->u.mgd.flags & IEEE80211_STA_DISABLE_40MHZ) {
		cap &= ~IEEE80211_HT_CAP_SUP_WIDTH_20_40;
		cap &= ~IEEE80211_HT_CAP_SGI_40;
	}

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	/* set SM PS mode properly */
	cap &= ~IEEE80211_HT_CAP_SM_PS;
	switch (smps) {
	case IEEE80211_SMPS_AUTOMATIC:
	case IEEE80211_SMPS_NUM_MODES:
		WARN_ON(1);
	case IEEE80211_SMPS_OFF:
		cap |= WLAN_HT_CAP_SM_PS_DISABLED <<
			IEEE80211_HT_CAP_SM_PS_SHIFT;
		break;
	case IEEE80211_SMPS_STATIC:
		cap |= WLAN_HT_CAP_SM_PS_STATIC <<
			IEEE80211_HT_CAP_SM_PS_SHIFT;
		break;
	case IEEE80211_SMPS_DYNAMIC:
		cap |= WLAN_HT_CAP_SM_PS_DYNAMIC <<
			IEEE80211_HT_CAP_SM_PS_SHIFT;
		break;
	}

	/* reserve and fill IE */
	pos = skb_put(skb, sizeof(struct ieee80211_ht_cap) + 2);
	ieee80211_ie_build_ht_cap(pos, &ht_cap, cap);
}

static void ieee80211_send_assoc(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata)
{
	struct ieee80211_local *local = sdata->local;
	struct ieee80211_if_managed *ifmgd = &sdata->u.mgd;
	struct ieee80211_mgd_assoc_data *assoc_data = ifmgd->assoc_data;
	struct sk_buff *skb;
	struct ieee80211_mgmt *mgmt;
	u8 *pos, qos_info;
	size_t offset = 0, noffset;
	int i, count, rates_len, supp_rates_len;
	u16 capab;
	struct ieee80211_supported_band *sband;
	u32 rates = 0;

	lockdep_assert_held(&ifmgd->mtx);

	sband = local->hw.wiphy->bands[local->oper_channel->band];

	if (assoc_data->supp_rates_len) {
		/*
		 * Get all rates supported by the device and the AP as
		 * some APs don't like getting a superset of their rates
		 * in the association request (e.g. D-Link DAP 1353 in
		 * b-only mode)...
		 */
		rates_len = ieee80211_compatible_rates(assoc_data->supp_rates,
						       assoc_data->supp_rates_len,
						       sband, &rates);
	} else {
		/*
		 * In case AP not provide any supported rates information
		 * before association, we send information element(s) with
		 * all rates that we support.
		 */
		rates = ~0;
		rates_len = sband->n_bitrates;
	}

	skb = alloc_skb(local->hw.extra_tx_headroom +
			sizeof(*mgmt) + /* bit too much but doesn't matter */
			2 + assoc_data->ssid_len + /* SSID */
			4 + rates_len + /* (extended) rates */
			4 + /* power capability */
			2 + 2 * sband->n_channels + /* supported channels */
			2 + sizeof(struct ieee80211_ht_cap) + /* HT */
			assoc_data->ie_len + /* extra IEs */
			9, /* WMM */
			GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!skb)
		return;

	skb_reserve(skb, local->hw.extra_tx_headroom);

	capab = WLAN_CAPABILITY_ESS;

	if (sband->band == IEEE80211_BAND_2GHZ) {
		if (!(local->hw.flags & IEEE80211_HW_2GHZ_SHORT_SLOT_INCAPABLE))
			capab |= WLAN_CAPABILITY_SHORT_SLOT_TIME;
		if (!(local->hw.flags & IEEE80211_HW_2GHZ_SHORT_PREAMBLE_INCAPABLE))
			capab |= WLAN_CAPABILITY_SHORT_PREAMBLE;
	}

	if (assoc_data->capability & WLAN_CAPABILITY_PRIVACY)
		capab |= WLAN_CAPABILITY_PRIVACY;

	if ((assoc_data->capability & WLAN_CAPABILITY_SPECTRUM_MGMT) &&
	    (local->hw.flags & IEEE80211_HW_SPECTRUM_MGMT))
		capab |= WLAN_CAPABILITY_SPECTRUM_MGMT;

	mgmt = (struct ieee80211_mgmt *) skb_put(skb, 24);
	memset(mgmt, 0, 24);
	memcpy(mgmt->da, assoc_data->bss->bssid, ETH_ALEN);
	memcpy(mgmt->sa, sdata->vif.addr, ETH_ALEN);
	memcpy(mgmt->bssid, assoc_data->bss->bssid, ETH_ALEN);

	if (!is_zero_ether_addr(assoc_data->prev_bssid)) {
		skb_put(skb, 10);
		mgmt->frame_control = cpu_to_le16(IEEE80211_FTYPE_MGMT |
						  IEEE80211_STYPE_REASSOC_REQ);
		mgmt->u.reassoc_req.capab_info = cpu_to_le16(capab);
		mgmt->u.reassoc_req.listen_interval =
				cpu_to_le16(local->hw.conf.listen_interval);
		memcpy(mgmt->u.reassoc_req.current_ap, assoc_data->prev_bssid,
		       ETH_ALEN);
	} else {
		skb_put(skb, 4);
		mgmt->frame_control = cpu_to_le16(IEEE80211_FTYPE_MGMT |
						  IEEE80211_STYPE_ASSOC_REQ);
		mgmt->u.assoc_req.capab_info = cpu_to_le16(capab);
		mgmt->u.assoc_req.listen_interval =
				cpu_to_le16(local->hw.conf.listen_interval);
	}

	/* SSID */
	pos = skb_put(skb, 2 + assoc_data->ssid_len);
	*pos++ = WLAN_EID_SSID;
	*pos++ = assoc_data->ssid_len;
	memcpy(pos, assoc_data->ssid, assoc_data->ssid_len);

	/* add all rates which were marked to be used above */
	supp_rates_len = rates_len;
	if (supp_rates_len > 8)
		supp_rates_len = 8;

	pos = skb_put(skb, supp_rates_len + 2);
	*pos++ = WLAN_EID_SUPP_RATES;
	*pos++ = supp_rates_len;

	count = 0;
	for (i = 0; i < sband->n_bitrates; i++) {
		if (BIT(i) & rates) {
			int rate = sband->bitrates[i].bitrate;
			*pos++ = (u8) (rate / 5);
			if (++count == 8)
				break;
		}
	}

	if (rates_len > count) {
		pos = skb_put(skb, rates_len - count + 2);
		*pos++ = WLAN_EID_EXT_SUPP_RATES;
		*pos++ = rates_len - count;

		for (i++; i < sband->n_bitrates; i++) {
			if (BIT(i) & rates) {
				int rate = sband->bitrates[i].bitrate;
				*pos++ = (u8) (rate / 5);
			}
		}
	}

	if (capab & WLAN_CAPABILITY_SPECTRUM_MGMT) {
		/* 1. power capabilities */
		pos = skb_put(skb, 4);
		*pos++ = WLAN_EID_PWR_CAPABILITY;
		*pos++ = 2;
		*pos++ = 0; /* min tx power */
		*pos++ = local->oper_channel->max_power; /* max tx power */

		/* 2. supported channels */
		/* TODO: get this in reg domain format */
		pos = skb_put(skb, 2 * sband->n_channels + 2);
		*pos++ = WLAN_EID_SUPPORTED_CHANNELS;
		*pos++ = 2 * sband->n_channels;
		for (i = 0; i < sband->n_channels; i++) {
			*pos++ = ieee80211_frequency_to_channel(
					sband->channels[i].center_freq);
			*pos++ = 1; /* one channel in the subband*/
		}
	}

	/* if present, add any custom IEs that go before HT */
	if (assoc_data->ie_len && assoc_data->ie) {
		static const u8 before_ht[] = {
			WLAN_EID_SSID,
			WLAN_EID_SUPP_RATES,
			WLAN_EID_EXT_SUPP_RATES,
			WLAN_EID_PWR_CAPABILITY,
			WLAN_EID_SUPPORTED_CHANNELS,
			WLAN_EID_RSN,
			WLAN_EID_QOS_CAPA,
			WLAN_EID_RRM_ENABLED_CAPABILITIES,
			WLAN_EID_MOBILITY_DOMAIN,
			WLAN_EID_SUPPORTED_REGULATORY_CLASSES,
		};
		noffset = ieee80211_ie_split(assoc_data->ie, assoc_data->ie_len,
					     before_ht, ARRAY_SIZE(before_ht),
					     offset);
		pos = skb_put(skb, noffset - offset);
		memcpy(pos, assoc_data->ie + offset, noffset - offset);
		offset = noffset;
	}

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	if (!(ifmgd->flags & IEEE80211_STA_DISABLE_11N))
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		ieee80211_add_ht_ie(sdata, skb, assoc_data->ht_operation_ie,
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				    sband, local->oper_channel, ifmgd->ap_smps);

	/* if present, add any custom non-vendor IEs that go after HT */
	if (assoc_data->ie_len && assoc_data->ie) {
		noffset = ieee80211_ie_split_vendor(assoc_data->ie,
						    assoc_data->ie_len,
						    offset);
		pos = skb_put(skb, noffset - offset);
		memcpy(pos, assoc_data->ie + offset, noffset - offset);
		offset = noffset;
	}

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	if (assoc_data->wmm) {
		if (assoc_data->uapsd) {
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			qos_info = ifmgd->uapsd_queues;
			qos_info |= (ifmgd->uapsd_max_sp_len <<
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				     IEEE80211_WMM_IE_STA_QOSINFO_SP_SHIFT);
		} else {
			qos_info = 0;
		}

		pos = skb_put(skb, 9);
		*pos++ = WLAN_EID_VENDOR_SPECIFIC;
		*pos++ = 7; /* len */
		*pos++ = 0x00; /* Microsoft OUI 00:50:F2 */
		*pos++ = 0x50;
		*pos++ = 0xf2;
		*pos++ = 2; /* WME */
		*pos++ = 0; /* WME info */
		*pos++ = 1; /* WME ver */
		*pos++ = qos_info;
	}

	/* add any remaining custom (i.e. vendor specific here) IEs */
	if (assoc_data->ie_len && assoc_data->ie) {
		noffset = assoc_data->ie_len;
		pos = skb_put(skb, noffset - offset);
		memcpy(pos, assoc_data->ie + offset, noffset - offset);
	}

	IEEE80211_SKB_CB(skb)->flags |= IEEE80211_TX_INTFL_DONT_ENCRYPT;
	ieee80211_tx_skb(sdata, skb);
}

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static void ieee80211_send_deauth_disassoc(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata,
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					   const u8 *bssid, u16 stype,
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					   u16 reason, bool send_frame,
					   u8 *frame_buf)
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{
	struct ieee80211_local *local = sdata->local;
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	struct ieee80211_if_managed *ifmgd = &sdata->u.mgd;
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	struct sk_buff *skb;
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	struct ieee80211_mgmt *mgmt = (void *)frame_buf;
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	/* build frame */
	mgmt->frame_control = cpu_to_le16(IEEE80211_FTYPE_MGMT | stype);
	mgmt->duration = 0; /* initialize only */
	mgmt->seq_ctrl = 0; /* initialize only */
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	memcpy(mgmt->da, bssid, ETH_ALEN);
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	memcpy(mgmt->sa, sdata->vif.addr, ETH_ALEN);
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	memcpy(mgmt->bssid, bssid, ETH_ALEN);
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	/* u.deauth.reason_code == u.disassoc.reason_code */
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	mgmt->u.deauth.reason_code = cpu_to_le16(reason);

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	if (send_frame) {
		skb = dev_alloc_skb(local->hw.extra_tx_headroom +
				    DEAUTH_DISASSOC_LEN);
		if (!skb)
			return;
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		skb_reserve(skb, local->hw.extra_tx_headroom);

		/* copy in frame */
		memcpy(skb_put(skb, DEAUTH_DISASSOC_LEN),
		       mgmt, DEAUTH_DISASSOC_LEN);

		if (!(ifmgd->flags & IEEE80211_STA_MFP_ENABLED))
			IEEE80211_SKB_CB(skb)->flags |=
				IEEE80211_TX_INTFL_DONT_ENCRYPT;
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		ieee80211_tx_skb(sdata, skb);
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	}
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}

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void ieee80211_send_pspoll(struct ieee80211_local *local,
			   struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata)
{
	struct ieee80211_pspoll *pspoll;
	struct sk_buff *skb;

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	skb = ieee80211_pspoll_get(&local->hw, &sdata->vif);
	if (!skb)
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		return;

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	pspoll = (struct ieee80211_pspoll *) skb->data;
	pspoll->frame_control |= cpu_to_le16(IEEE80211_FCTL_PM);
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	IEEE80211_SKB_CB(skb)->flags |= IEEE80211_TX_INTFL_DONT_ENCRYPT;
	ieee80211_tx_skb(sdata, skb);
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}

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void ieee80211_send_nullfunc(struct ieee80211_local *local,
			     struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata,
			     int powersave)
{
	struct sk_buff *skb;
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	struct ieee80211_hdr_3addr *nullfunc;
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	struct ieee80211_if_managed *ifmgd = &sdata->u.mgd;
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	skb = ieee80211_nullfunc_get(&local->hw, &sdata->vif);
	if (!skb)
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		return;

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	nullfunc = (struct ieee80211_hdr_3addr *) skb->data;
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	if (powersave)
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		nullfunc->frame_control |= cpu_to_le16(IEEE80211_FCTL_PM);
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	IEEE80211_SKB_CB(skb)->flags |= IEEE80211_TX_INTFL_DONT_ENCRYPT;
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	if (ifmgd->flags & (IEEE80211_STA_BEACON_POLL |
			    IEEE80211_STA_CONNECTION_POLL))
		IEEE80211_SKB_CB(skb)->flags |= IEEE80211_TX_CTL_USE_MINRATE;

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	ieee80211_tx_skb(sdata, skb);
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}

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static void ieee80211_send_4addr_nullfunc(struct ieee80211_local *local,
					  struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata)
{
	struct sk_buff *skb;
	struct ieee80211_hdr *nullfunc;
	__le16 fc;

	if (WARN_ON(sdata->vif.type != NL80211_IFTYPE_STATION))
		return;

	skb = dev_alloc_skb(local->hw.extra_tx_headroom + 30);
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	if (!skb)
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		return;
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	skb_reserve(skb, local->hw.extra_tx_headroom);

	nullfunc = (struct ieee80211_hdr *) skb_put(skb, 30);
	memset(nullfunc, 0, 30);
	fc = cpu_to_le16(IEEE80211_FTYPE_DATA | IEEE80211_STYPE_NULLFUNC |
			 IEEE80211_FCTL_FROMDS | IEEE80211_FCTL_TODS);
	nullfunc->frame_control = fc;
	memcpy(nullfunc->addr1, sdata->u.mgd.bssid, ETH_ALEN);
	memcpy(nullfunc->addr2, sdata->vif.addr, ETH_ALEN);
	memcpy(nullfunc->addr3, sdata->u.mgd.bssid, ETH_ALEN);
	memcpy(nullfunc->addr4, sdata->vif.addr, ETH_ALEN);

	IEEE80211_SKB_CB(skb)->flags |= IEEE80211_TX_INTFL_DONT_ENCRYPT;
	ieee80211_tx_skb(sdata, skb);
}

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/* spectrum management related things */
static void ieee80211_chswitch_work(struct work_struct *work)
{
	struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata =
		container_of(work, struct ieee80211_sub_if_data, u.mgd.chswitch_work);
	struct ieee80211_if_managed *ifmgd = &sdata->u.mgd;

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	if (!ieee80211_sdata_running(sdata))
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		return;

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	mutex_lock(&ifmgd->mtx);
	if (!ifmgd->associated)
		goto out;
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	sdata->local->oper_channel = sdata->local->csa_channel;
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	if (!sdata->local->ops->channel_switch) {
		/* call "hw_config" only if doing sw channel switch */
		ieee80211_hw_config(sdata->local,
			IEEE80211_CONF_CHANGE_CHANNEL);
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	} else {
		/* update the device channel directly */
		sdata->local->hw.conf.channel = sdata->local->oper_channel;
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	}
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	/* XXX: shouldn't really modify cfg80211-owned data! */
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	ifmgd->associated->channel = sdata->local->oper_channel;
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	ieee80211_wake_queues_by_reason(&sdata->local->hw,
					IEEE80211_QUEUE_STOP_REASON_CSA);
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 out:
	ifmgd->flags &= ~IEEE80211_STA_CSA_RECEIVED;
	mutex_unlock(&ifmgd->mtx);
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}

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void ieee80211_chswitch_done(struct ieee80211_vif *vif, bool success)
{
	struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata;
	struct ieee80211_if_managed *ifmgd;

	sdata = vif_to_sdata(vif);
	ifmgd = &sdata->u.mgd;

	trace_api_chswitch_done(sdata, success);
	if (!success) {
		/*
		 * If the channel switch was not successful, stay
		 * around on the old channel. We currently lack
		 * good handling of this situation, possibly we
		 * should just drop the association.
		 */
		sdata->local->csa_channel = sdata->local->oper_channel;
	}

	ieee80211_queue_work(&sdata->local->hw, &ifmgd->chswitch_work);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(ieee80211_chswitch_done);

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static void ieee80211_chswitch_timer(unsigned long data)
{
	struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata =
		(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *) data;
	struct ieee80211_if_managed *ifmgd = &sdata->u.mgd;

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	if (sdata->local->quiescing) {
		set_bit(TMR_RUNNING_CHANSW, &ifmgd->timers_running);
		return;
	}

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	ieee80211_queue_work(&sdata->local->hw, &ifmgd->chswitch_work);
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}

void ieee80211_sta_process_chanswitch(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata,
				      struct ieee80211_channel_sw_ie *sw_elem,
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				      struct ieee80211_bss *bss,
				      u64 timestamp)
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{
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	struct cfg80211_bss *cbss =
		container_of((void *)bss, struct cfg80211_bss, priv);
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	struct ieee80211_channel *new_ch;
	struct ieee80211_if_managed *ifmgd = &sdata->u.mgd;
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	int new_freq = ieee80211_channel_to_frequency(sw_elem->new_ch_num,
						      cbss->channel->band);
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	ASSERT_MGD_MTX(ifmgd);

	if (!ifmgd->associated)
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		return;

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	if (sdata->local->scanning)
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		return;

	/* Disregard subsequent beacons if we are already running a timer
	   processing a CSA */

	if (ifmgd->flags & IEEE80211_STA_CSA_RECEIVED)
		return;

	new_ch = ieee80211_get_channel(sdata->local->hw.wiphy, new_freq);
	if (!new_ch || new_ch->flags & IEEE80211_CHAN_DISABLED)
		return;

	sdata->local->csa_channel = new_ch;

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	if (sdata->local->ops->channel_switch) {
		/* use driver's channel switch callback */
		struct ieee80211_channel_switch ch_switch;
		memset(&ch_switch, 0, sizeof(ch_switch));
		ch_switch.timestamp = timestamp;
		if (sw_elem->mode) {
			ch_switch.block_tx = true;
			ieee80211_stop_queues_by_reason(&sdata->local->hw,
					IEEE80211_QUEUE_STOP_REASON_CSA);
		}
		ch_switch.channel = new_ch;
		ch_switch.count = sw_elem->count;
		ifmgd->flags |= IEEE80211_STA_CSA_RECEIVED;
		drv_channel_switch(sdata->local, &ch_switch);
		return;
	}

	/* channel switch handled in software */
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	if (sw_elem->count <= 1) {
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		ieee80211_queue_work(&sdata->local->hw, &ifmgd->chswitch_work);
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	} else {
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		if (sw_elem->mode)
			ieee80211_stop_queues_by_reason(&sdata->local->hw,
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					IEEE80211_QUEUE_STOP_REASON_CSA);
		ifmgd->flags |= IEEE80211_STA_CSA_RECEIVED;
		mod_timer(&ifmgd->chswitch_timer,
			  jiffies +
			  msecs_to_jiffies(sw_elem->count *
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					   cbss->beacon_interval));
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	}
}

static void ieee80211_handle_pwr_constr(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata,
					u16 capab_info, u8 *pwr_constr_elem,
					u8 pwr_constr_elem_len)
{
	struct ieee80211_conf *conf = &sdata->local->hw.conf;

	if (!(capab_info & WLAN_CAPABILITY_SPECTRUM_MGMT))
		return;

	/* Power constraint IE length should be 1 octet */
	if (pwr_constr_elem_len != 1)
		return;

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	if ((*pwr_constr_elem <= conf->channel->max_reg_power) &&
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	    (*pwr_constr_elem != sdata->local->power_constr_level)) {
		sdata->local->power_constr_level = *pwr_constr_elem;
		ieee80211_hw_config(sdata->local, 0);
	}
}

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void ieee80211_enable_dyn_ps(struct ieee80211_vif *vif)
{
	struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata = vif_to_sdata(vif);
	struct ieee80211_local *local = sdata->local;
	struct ieee80211_conf *conf = &local->hw.conf;

	WARN_ON(sdata->vif.type != NL80211_IFTYPE_STATION ||
		!(local->hw.flags & IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORTS_PS) ||
		(local->hw.flags & IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORTS_DYNAMIC_PS));

	local->disable_dynamic_ps = false;
	conf->dynamic_ps_timeout = local->dynamic_ps_user_timeout;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(ieee80211_enable_dyn_ps);

void ieee80211_disable_dyn_ps(struct ieee80211_vif *vif)
{
	struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata = vif_to_sdata(vif);
	struct ieee80211_local *local = sdata->local;
	struct ieee80211_conf *conf = &local->hw.conf;

	WARN_ON(sdata->vif.type != NL80211_IFTYPE_STATION ||
		!(local->hw.flags & IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORTS_PS) ||
		(local->hw.flags & IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORTS_DYNAMIC_PS));

	local->disable_dynamic_ps = true;
	conf->dynamic_ps_timeout = 0;
	del_timer_sync(&local->dynamic_ps_timer);
	ieee80211_queue_work(&local->hw,
			     &local->dynamic_ps_enable_work);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(ieee80211_disable_dyn_ps);

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/* powersave */
static void ieee80211_enable_ps(struct ieee80211_local *local,
				struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata)
{
	struct ieee80211_conf *conf = &local->hw.conf;

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	/*
	 * If we are scanning right now then the parameters will
	 * take effect when scan finishes.
	 */
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	if (local->scanning)
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		return;

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	if (conf->dynamic_ps_timeout > 0 &&
	    !(local->hw.flags & IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORTS_DYNAMIC_PS)) {
		mod_timer(&local->dynamic_ps_timer, jiffies +
			  msecs_to_jiffies(conf->dynamic_ps_timeout));
	} else {
		if (local->hw.flags & IEEE80211_HW_PS_NULLFUNC_STACK)
			ieee80211_send_nullfunc(local, sdata, 1);
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		if ((local->hw.flags & IEEE80211_HW_PS_NULLFUNC_STACK) &&
		    (local->hw.flags & IEEE80211_HW_REPORTS_TX_ACK_STATUS))
			return;

		conf->flags |= IEEE80211_CONF_PS;
		ieee80211_hw_config(local, IEEE80211_CONF_CHANGE_PS);
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	}
}

static void ieee80211_change_ps(struct ieee80211_local *local)
{
	struct ieee80211_conf *conf = &local->hw.conf;

	if (local->ps_sdata) {
		ieee80211_enable_ps(local, local->ps_sdata);
	} else if (conf->flags & IEEE80211_CONF_PS) {
		conf->flags &= ~IEEE80211_CONF_PS;
		ieee80211_hw_config(local, IEEE80211_CONF_CHANGE_PS);
		del_timer_sync(&local->dynamic_ps_timer);
		cancel_work_sync(&local->dynamic_ps_enable_work);
	}
}

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static bool ieee80211_powersave_allowed(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata)
{
	struct ieee80211_if_managed *mgd = &sdata->u.mgd;
	struct sta_info *sta = NULL;
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	bool authorized = false;
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	if (!mgd->powersave)
		return false;

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	if (mgd->broken_ap)
		return false;

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	if (!mgd->associated)
		return false;

	if (!mgd->associated->beacon_ies)
		return false;

	if (mgd->flags & (IEEE80211_STA_BEACON_POLL |
			  IEEE80211_STA_CONNECTION_POLL))
		return false;

	rcu_read_lock();
	sta = sta_info_get(sdata, mgd->bssid);
	if (sta)
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		authorized = test_sta_flag(sta, WLAN_STA_AUTHORIZED);
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	rcu_read_unlock();

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	return authorized;
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}

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/* need to hold RTNL or interface lock */
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void ieee80211_recalc_ps(struct ieee80211_local *local, s32 latency)
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{
	struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata, *found = NULL;
	int count = 0;
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	int timeout;
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	if (!(local->hw.flags & IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORTS_PS)) {
		local->ps_sdata = NULL;
		return;
	}

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	if (!list_empty(&local->work_list)) {
		local->ps_sdata = NULL;
		goto change;
	}

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	list_for_each_entry(sdata, &local->interfaces, list) {
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		if (!ieee80211_sdata_running(sdata))
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			continue;
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		if (sdata->vif.type == NL80211_IFTYPE_AP) {
			/* If an AP vif is found, then disable PS
			 * by setting the count to zero thereby setting
			 * ps_sdata to NULL.
			 */
			count = 0;
			break;
		}
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		if (sdata->vif.type != NL80211_IFTYPE_STATION)
			continue;
		found = sdata;
		count++;
	}

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	if (count == 1 && ieee80211_powersave_allowed(found)) {
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		struct ieee80211_conf *conf = &local->hw.conf;
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		s32 beaconint_us;

		if (latency < 0)
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			latency = pm_qos_request(PM_QOS_NETWORK_LATENCY);
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		beaconint_us = ieee80211_tu_to_usec(
					found->vif.bss_conf.beacon_int);

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		timeout = local->dynamic_ps_forced_timeout;
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		if (timeout < 0) {
			/*
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			 * Go to full PSM if the user configures a very low
			 * latency requirement.
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			 * The 2000 second value is there for compatibility
			 * until the PM_QOS_NETWORK_LATENCY is configured
			 * with real values.
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			 */
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			if (latency > (1900 * USEC_PER_MSEC) &&
			    latency != (2000 * USEC_PER_SEC))
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				timeout = 0;
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			else
				timeout = 100;
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		}
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		local->dynamic_ps_user_timeout = timeout;
		if (!local->disable_dynamic_ps)
			conf->dynamic_ps_timeout =
				local->dynamic_ps_user_timeout;
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		if (beaconint_us > latency) {
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			local->ps_sdata = NULL;
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		} else {
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			struct ieee80211_bss *bss;
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			int maxslp = 1;
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			u8 dtimper;
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			bss = (void *)found->u.mgd.associated->priv;
			dtimper = bss->dtim_period;

			/* If the TIM IE is invalid, pretend the value is 1 */
			if (!dtimper)
				dtimper = 1;
			else if (dtimper > 1)
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				maxslp = min_t(int, dtimper,
						    latency / beaconint_us);

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			local->hw.conf.max_sleep_period = maxslp;
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			local->hw.conf.ps_dtim_period = dtimper;
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			local->ps_sdata = found;
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		}
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	} else {
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		local->ps_sdata = NULL;
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	}
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 change:
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	ieee80211_change_ps(local);
}

void ieee80211_dynamic_ps_disable_work(struct work_struct *work)
{
	struct ieee80211_local *local =
		container_of(work, struct ieee80211_local,
			     dynamic_ps_disable_work);

	if (local->hw.conf.flags & IEEE80211_CONF_PS) {
		local->hw.conf.flags &= ~IEEE80211_CONF_PS;
		ieee80211_hw_config(local, IEEE80211_CONF_CHANGE_PS);
	}

	ieee80211_wake_queues_by_reason(&local->hw,
					IEEE80211_QUEUE_STOP_REASON_PS);
}

void ieee80211_dynamic_ps_enable_work(struct work_struct *work)
{
	struct ieee80211_local *local =
		container_of(work, struct ieee80211_local,
			     dynamic_ps_enable_work);
	struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata = local->ps_sdata;
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	struct ieee80211_if_managed *ifmgd;
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	unsigned long flags;
	int q;
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	/* can only happen when PS was just disabled anyway */
	if (!sdata)
		return;

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	ifmgd = &sdata->u.mgd;

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	if (local->hw.conf.flags & IEEE80211_CONF_PS)
		return;

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	if (!local->disable_dynamic_ps &&
	    local->hw.conf.dynamic_ps_timeout > 0) {
		/* don't enter PS if TX frames are pending */
		if (drv_tx_frames_pending(local)) {
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			mod_timer(&local->dynamic_ps_timer, jiffies +
				  msecs_to_jiffies(
				  local->hw.conf.dynamic_ps_timeout));
			return;
		}
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		/*
		 * transmission can be stopped by others which leads to
		 * dynamic_ps_timer expiry. Postpone the ps timer if it
		 * is not the actual idle state.
		 */
		spin_lock_irqsave(&local->queue_stop_reason_lock, flags);
		for (q = 0; q < local->hw.queues; q++) {
			if (local->queue_stop_reasons[q]) {
				spin_unlock_irqrestore(&local->queue_stop_reason_lock,
						       flags);
				mod_timer(&local->dynamic_ps_timer, jiffies +
					  msecs_to_jiffies(
					  local->hw.conf.dynamic_ps_timeout));
				return;
			}
		}
		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&local->queue_stop_reason_lock, flags);
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	}

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	if ((local->hw.flags & IEEE80211_HW_PS_NULLFUNC_STACK) &&
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	    !(ifmgd->flags & IEEE80211_STA_NULLFUNC_ACKED)) {
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		netif_tx_stop_all_queues(sdata->dev);
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		if (drv_tx_frames_pending(local))
			mod_timer(&local->dynamic_ps_timer, jiffies +
				  msecs_to_jiffies(
				  local->hw.conf.dynamic_ps_timeout));
		else {
			ieee80211_send_nullfunc(local, sdata, 1);
			/* Flush to get the tx status of nullfunc frame */
			drv_flush(local, false);
		}
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	}

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	if (!((local->hw.flags & IEEE80211_HW_REPORTS_TX_ACK_STATUS) &&
	      (local->hw.flags & IEEE80211_HW_PS_NULLFUNC_STACK)) ||
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	    (ifmgd->flags & IEEE80211_STA_NULLFUNC_ACKED)) {
		ifmgd->flags &= ~IEEE80211_STA_NULLFUNC_ACKED;
		local->hw.conf.flags |= IEEE80211_CONF_PS;
		ieee80211_hw_config(local, IEEE80211_CONF_CHANGE_PS);
	}
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	if (local->hw.flags & IEEE80211_HW_PS_NULLFUNC_STACK)
		netif_tx_wake_all_queues(sdata->dev);
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}

void ieee80211_dynamic_ps_timer(unsigned long data)
{
	struct ieee80211_local *local = (void *) data;

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	if (local->quiescing || local->suspended)
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		return;

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	ieee80211_queue_work(&local->hw, &local->dynamic_ps_enable_work);
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}

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/* MLME */
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static void ieee80211_sta_wmm_params(struct ieee80211_local *local,
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				     struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata,
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				     u8 *wmm_param, size_t wmm_param_len)
{
	struct ieee80211_tx_queue_params params;
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	struct ieee80211_if_managed *ifmgd = &sdata->u.mgd;
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	size_t left;
	int count;
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	u8 *pos, uapsd_queues = 0;
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	if (!local->ops->conf_tx)
		return;

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	if (local->hw.queues < 4)
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		return;

	if (!wmm_param)
		return;

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	if (wmm_param_len < 8 || wmm_param[5] /* version */ != 1)
		return;
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	if (ifmgd->flags & IEEE80211_STA_UAPSD_ENABLED)
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		uapsd_queues = ifmgd->uapsd_queues;
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	count = wmm_param[6] & 0x0f;
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	if (count == ifmgd->wmm_last_param_set)
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		return;
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	ifmgd->wmm_last_param_set = count;
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	pos = wmm_param + 8;
	left = wmm_param_len - 8;

	memset(&params, 0, sizeof(params));

	local->wmm_acm = 0;
	for (; left >= 4; left -= 4, pos += 4) {
		int aci = (pos[0] >> 5) & 0x03;
		int acm = (pos[0] >> 4) & 0x01;
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		bool uapsd = false;
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		int queue;

		switch (aci) {
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		case 1: /* AC_BK */
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			queue = 3;
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			if (acm)
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				local->wmm_acm |= BIT(1) | BIT(2); /* BK/- */
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			if (uapsd_queues & IEEE80211_WMM_IE_STA_QOSINFO_AC_BK)
				uapsd = true;
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			break;
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		case 2: /* AC_VI */
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			queue = 1;
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			if (acm)
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				local->wmm_acm |= BIT(4) | BIT(5); /* CL/VI */
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			if (uapsd_queues & IEEE80211_WMM_IE_STA_QOSINFO_AC_VI)
				uapsd = true;
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			break;
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		case 3: /* AC_VO */
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			queue = 0;
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			if (acm)
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				local->wmm_acm |= BIT(6) | BIT(7); /* VO/NC */
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			if (uapsd_queues & IEEE80211_WMM_IE_STA_QOSINFO_AC_VO)
				uapsd = true;
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			break;
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		case 0: /* AC_BE */
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		default:
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			queue = 2;
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			if (acm)
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				local->wmm_acm |= BIT(0) | BIT(3); /* BE/EE */
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			if (uapsd_queues & IEEE80211_WMM_IE_STA_QOSINFO_AC_BE)
				uapsd = true;
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