rc80211_minstrel_ht.c 27.7 KB
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/*
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 * Copyright (C) 2010-2013 Felix Fietkau <nbd@openwrt.org>
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 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 */
#include <linux/netdevice.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/skbuff.h>
#include <linux/debugfs.h>
#include <linux/random.h>
#include <linux/ieee80211.h>
#include <net/mac80211.h>
#include "rate.h"
#include "rc80211_minstrel.h"
#include "rc80211_minstrel_ht.h"

#define AVG_PKT_SIZE	1200

/* Number of bits for an average sized packet */
#define MCS_NBITS (AVG_PKT_SIZE << 3)

/* Number of symbols for a packet with (bps) bits per symbol */
#define MCS_NSYMS(bps) ((MCS_NBITS + (bps) - 1) / (bps))

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/* Transmission time (nanoseconds) for a packet containing (syms) symbols */
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#define MCS_SYMBOL_TIME(sgi, syms)					\
	(sgi ?								\
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	  ((syms) * 18000 + 4000) / 5 :	/* syms * 3.6 us */		\
	  ((syms) * 1000) << 2		/* syms * 4 us */		\
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	)

/* Transmit duration for the raw data part of an average sized packet */
#define MCS_DURATION(streams, sgi, bps) MCS_SYMBOL_TIME(sgi, MCS_NSYMS((streams) * (bps)))

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/*
 * Define group sort order: HT40 -> SGI -> #streams
 */
#define GROUP_IDX(_streams, _sgi, _ht40)	\
	MINSTREL_MAX_STREAMS * 2 * _ht40 +	\
	MINSTREL_MAX_STREAMS * _sgi +		\
	_streams - 1

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/* MCS rate information for an MCS group */
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#define MCS_GROUP(_streams, _sgi, _ht40)				\
	[GROUP_IDX(_streams, _sgi, _ht40)] = {				\
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	.streams = _streams,						\
	.flags =							\
		(_sgi ? IEEE80211_TX_RC_SHORT_GI : 0) |			\
		(_ht40 ? IEEE80211_TX_RC_40_MHZ_WIDTH : 0),		\
	.duration = {							\
		MCS_DURATION(_streams, _sgi, _ht40 ? 54 : 26),		\
		MCS_DURATION(_streams, _sgi, _ht40 ? 108 : 52),		\
		MCS_DURATION(_streams, _sgi, _ht40 ? 162 : 78),		\
		MCS_DURATION(_streams, _sgi, _ht40 ? 216 : 104),	\
		MCS_DURATION(_streams, _sgi, _ht40 ? 324 : 156),	\
		MCS_DURATION(_streams, _sgi, _ht40 ? 432 : 208),	\
		MCS_DURATION(_streams, _sgi, _ht40 ? 486 : 234),	\
		MCS_DURATION(_streams, _sgi, _ht40 ? 540 : 260)		\
	}								\
}

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#define CCK_DURATION(_bitrate, _short, _len)		\
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	(1000 * (10 /* SIFS */ +			\
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	 (_short ? 72 + 24 : 144 + 48) +		\
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	 (8 * (_len + 4) * 10) / (_bitrate)))
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#define CCK_ACK_DURATION(_bitrate, _short)			\
	(CCK_DURATION((_bitrate > 10 ? 20 : 10), false, 60) +	\
	 CCK_DURATION(_bitrate, _short, AVG_PKT_SIZE))

#define CCK_DURATION_LIST(_short)			\
	CCK_ACK_DURATION(10, _short),			\
	CCK_ACK_DURATION(20, _short),			\
	CCK_ACK_DURATION(55, _short),			\
	CCK_ACK_DURATION(110, _short)

#define CCK_GROUP						\
	[MINSTREL_MAX_STREAMS * MINSTREL_STREAM_GROUPS] = {	\
		.streams = 0,					\
		.duration = {					\
			CCK_DURATION_LIST(false),		\
			CCK_DURATION_LIST(true)			\
		}						\
	}

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/*
 * To enable sufficiently targeted rate sampling, MCS rates are divided into
 * groups, based on the number of streams and flags (HT40, SGI) that they
 * use.
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 *
 * Sortorder has to be fixed for GROUP_IDX macro to be applicable:
 * HT40 -> SGI -> #streams
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 */
const struct mcs_group minstrel_mcs_groups[] = {
	MCS_GROUP(1, 0, 0),
	MCS_GROUP(2, 0, 0),
#if MINSTREL_MAX_STREAMS >= 3
	MCS_GROUP(3, 0, 0),
#endif

	MCS_GROUP(1, 1, 0),
	MCS_GROUP(2, 1, 0),
#if MINSTREL_MAX_STREAMS >= 3
	MCS_GROUP(3, 1, 0),
#endif

	MCS_GROUP(1, 0, 1),
	MCS_GROUP(2, 0, 1),
#if MINSTREL_MAX_STREAMS >= 3
	MCS_GROUP(3, 0, 1),
#endif

	MCS_GROUP(1, 1, 1),
	MCS_GROUP(2, 1, 1),
#if MINSTREL_MAX_STREAMS >= 3
	MCS_GROUP(3, 1, 1),
#endif
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	/* must be last */
	CCK_GROUP
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};

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#define MINSTREL_CCK_GROUP	(ARRAY_SIZE(minstrel_mcs_groups) - 1)

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static u8 sample_table[SAMPLE_COLUMNS][MCS_GROUP_RATES];

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static void
minstrel_ht_update_rates(struct minstrel_priv *mp, struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi);

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/*
 * Look up an MCS group index based on mac80211 rate information
 */
static int
minstrel_ht_get_group_idx(struct ieee80211_tx_rate *rate)
{
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	return GROUP_IDX((rate->idx / 8) + 1,
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			 !!(rate->flags & IEEE80211_TX_RC_SHORT_GI),
			 !!(rate->flags & IEEE80211_TX_RC_40_MHZ_WIDTH));
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}

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static struct minstrel_rate_stats *
minstrel_ht_get_stats(struct minstrel_priv *mp, struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi,
		      struct ieee80211_tx_rate *rate)
{
	int group, idx;

	if (rate->flags & IEEE80211_TX_RC_MCS) {
		group = minstrel_ht_get_group_idx(rate);
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		idx = rate->idx % 8;
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	} else {
		group = MINSTREL_CCK_GROUP;

		for (idx = 0; idx < ARRAY_SIZE(mp->cck_rates); idx++)
			if (rate->idx == mp->cck_rates[idx])
				break;

		/* short preamble */
		if (!(mi->groups[group].supported & BIT(idx)))
			idx += 4;
	}
	return &mi->groups[group].rates[idx];
}

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static inline struct minstrel_rate_stats *
minstrel_get_ratestats(struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi, int index)
{
	return &mi->groups[index / MCS_GROUP_RATES].rates[index % MCS_GROUP_RATES];
}


/*
 * Recalculate success probabilities and counters for a rate using EWMA
 */
static void
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minstrel_calc_rate_ewma(struct minstrel_rate_stats *mr)
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{
	if (unlikely(mr->attempts > 0)) {
		mr->sample_skipped = 0;
		mr->cur_prob = MINSTREL_FRAC(mr->success, mr->attempts);
		if (!mr->att_hist)
			mr->probability = mr->cur_prob;
		else
			mr->probability = minstrel_ewma(mr->probability,
				mr->cur_prob, EWMA_LEVEL);
		mr->att_hist += mr->attempts;
		mr->succ_hist += mr->success;
	} else {
		mr->sample_skipped++;
	}
	mr->last_success = mr->success;
	mr->last_attempts = mr->attempts;
	mr->success = 0;
	mr->attempts = 0;
}

/*
 * Calculate throughput based on the average A-MPDU length, taking into account
 * the expected number of retransmissions and their expected length
 */
static void
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minstrel_ht_calc_tp(struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi, int group, int rate)
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{
	struct minstrel_rate_stats *mr;
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	unsigned int nsecs = 0;
	unsigned int tp;
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	unsigned int prob;
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	mr = &mi->groups[group].rates[rate];
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	prob = mr->probability;
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	if (prob < MINSTREL_FRAC(1, 10)) {
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		mr->cur_tp = 0;
		return;
	}

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	/*
	 * For the throughput calculation, limit the probability value to 90% to
	 * account for collision related packet error rate fluctuation
	 */
	if (prob > MINSTREL_FRAC(9, 10))
		prob = MINSTREL_FRAC(9, 10);

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	if (group != MINSTREL_CCK_GROUP)
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		nsecs = 1000 * mi->overhead / MINSTREL_TRUNC(mi->avg_ampdu_len);
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	nsecs += minstrel_mcs_groups[group].duration[rate];
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	tp = 1000000 * ((prob * 1000) / nsecs);
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	mr->cur_tp = MINSTREL_TRUNC(tp);
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}

/*
 * Update rate statistics and select new primary rates
 *
 * Rules for rate selection:
 *  - max_prob_rate must use only one stream, as a tradeoff between delivery
 *    probability and throughput during strong fluctuations
 *  - as long as the max prob rate has a probability of more than 3/4, pick
 *    higher throughput rates, even if the probablity is a bit lower
 */
static void
minstrel_ht_update_stats(struct minstrel_priv *mp, struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi)
{
	struct minstrel_mcs_group_data *mg;
	struct minstrel_rate_stats *mr;
	int cur_prob, cur_prob_tp, cur_tp, cur_tp2;
	int group, i, index;
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	bool mi_rates_valid = false;
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	if (mi->ampdu_packets > 0) {
		mi->avg_ampdu_len = minstrel_ewma(mi->avg_ampdu_len,
			MINSTREL_FRAC(mi->ampdu_len, mi->ampdu_packets), EWMA_LEVEL);
		mi->ampdu_len = 0;
		mi->ampdu_packets = 0;
	}

	mi->sample_slow = 0;
	mi->sample_count = 0;

	for (group = 0; group < ARRAY_SIZE(minstrel_mcs_groups); group++) {
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		bool mg_rates_valid = false;

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		cur_prob = 0;
		cur_prob_tp = 0;
		cur_tp = 0;
		cur_tp2 = 0;

		mg = &mi->groups[group];
		if (!mg->supported)
			continue;

		mi->sample_count++;

		for (i = 0; i < MCS_GROUP_RATES; i++) {
			if (!(mg->supported & BIT(i)))
				continue;

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			index = MCS_GROUP_RATES * group + i;

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			/* initialize rates selections starting indexes */
			if (!mg_rates_valid) {
				mg->max_tp_rate = mg->max_tp_rate2 =
					mg->max_prob_rate = i;
				if (!mi_rates_valid) {
					mi->max_tp_rate = mi->max_tp_rate2 =
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						mi->max_prob_rate = index;
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					mi_rates_valid = true;
				}
				mg_rates_valid = true;
			}

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			mr = &mg->rates[i];
			mr->retry_updated = false;
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			minstrel_calc_rate_ewma(mr);
			minstrel_ht_calc_tp(mi, group, i);
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			if (!mr->cur_tp)
				continue;

			if ((mr->cur_tp > cur_prob_tp && mr->probability >
			     MINSTREL_FRAC(3, 4)) || mr->probability > cur_prob) {
				mg->max_prob_rate = index;
				cur_prob = mr->probability;
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				cur_prob_tp = mr->cur_tp;
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			}

			if (mr->cur_tp > cur_tp) {
				swap(index, mg->max_tp_rate);
				cur_tp = mr->cur_tp;
				mr = minstrel_get_ratestats(mi, index);
			}

			if (index >= mg->max_tp_rate)
				continue;

			if (mr->cur_tp > cur_tp2) {
				mg->max_tp_rate2 = index;
				cur_tp2 = mr->cur_tp;
			}
		}
	}

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	/* try to sample all available rates during each interval */
	mi->sample_count *= 8;
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	cur_prob = 0;
	cur_prob_tp = 0;
	cur_tp = 0;
	cur_tp2 = 0;
	for (group = 0; group < ARRAY_SIZE(minstrel_mcs_groups); group++) {
		mg = &mi->groups[group];
		if (!mg->supported)
			continue;

		mr = minstrel_get_ratestats(mi, mg->max_tp_rate);
		if (cur_tp < mr->cur_tp) {
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			mi->max_tp_rate2 = mi->max_tp_rate;
			cur_tp2 = cur_tp;
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			mi->max_tp_rate = mg->max_tp_rate;
			cur_tp = mr->cur_tp;
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			mi->max_prob_streams = minstrel_mcs_groups[group].streams - 1;
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		}

		mr = minstrel_get_ratestats(mi, mg->max_tp_rate2);
		if (cur_tp2 < mr->cur_tp) {
			mi->max_tp_rate2 = mg->max_tp_rate2;
			cur_tp2 = mr->cur_tp;
		}
	}

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	if (mi->max_prob_streams < 1)
		mi->max_prob_streams = 1;
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	for (group = 0; group < ARRAY_SIZE(minstrel_mcs_groups); group++) {
		mg = &mi->groups[group];
		if (!mg->supported)
			continue;
		mr = minstrel_get_ratestats(mi, mg->max_prob_rate);
		if (cur_prob_tp < mr->cur_tp &&
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		    minstrel_mcs_groups[group].streams <= mi->max_prob_streams) {
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			mi->max_prob_rate = mg->max_prob_rate;
			cur_prob = mr->cur_prob;
			cur_prob_tp = mr->cur_tp;
		}
	}

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#ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_DEBUGFS
	/* use fixed index if set */
	if (mp->fixed_rate_idx != -1) {
		mi->max_tp_rate = mp->fixed_rate_idx;
		mi->max_tp_rate2 = mp->fixed_rate_idx;
		mi->max_prob_rate = mp->fixed_rate_idx;
	}
#endif
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	mi->stats_update = jiffies;
}

static bool
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minstrel_ht_txstat_valid(struct minstrel_priv *mp, struct ieee80211_tx_rate *rate)
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{
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	if (rate->idx < 0)
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		return false;

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	if (!rate->count)
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		return false;

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	if (rate->flags & IEEE80211_TX_RC_MCS)
		return true;

	return rate->idx == mp->cck_rates[0] ||
	       rate->idx == mp->cck_rates[1] ||
	       rate->idx == mp->cck_rates[2] ||
	       rate->idx == mp->cck_rates[3];
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}

static void
minstrel_next_sample_idx(struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi)
{
	struct minstrel_mcs_group_data *mg;

	for (;;) {
		mi->sample_group++;
		mi->sample_group %= ARRAY_SIZE(minstrel_mcs_groups);
		mg = &mi->groups[mi->sample_group];

		if (!mg->supported)
			continue;

		if (++mg->index >= MCS_GROUP_RATES) {
			mg->index = 0;
			if (++mg->column >= ARRAY_SIZE(sample_table))
				mg->column = 0;
		}
		break;
	}
}

static void
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minstrel_downgrade_rate(struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi, unsigned int *idx,
			bool primary)
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{
	int group, orig_group;

	orig_group = group = *idx / MCS_GROUP_RATES;
	while (group > 0) {
		group--;

		if (!mi->groups[group].supported)
			continue;

		if (minstrel_mcs_groups[group].streams >
		    minstrel_mcs_groups[orig_group].streams)
			continue;

		if (primary)
			*idx = mi->groups[group].max_tp_rate;
		else
			*idx = mi->groups[group].max_tp_rate2;
		break;
	}
}

static void
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minstrel_aggr_check(struct ieee80211_sta *pubsta, struct sk_buff *skb)
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{
	struct ieee80211_hdr *hdr = (struct ieee80211_hdr *) skb->data;
	struct sta_info *sta = container_of(pubsta, struct sta_info, sta);
	u16 tid;

	if (unlikely(!ieee80211_is_data_qos(hdr->frame_control)))
		return;

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	if (unlikely(skb->protocol == cpu_to_be16(ETH_P_PAE)))
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		return;

	tid = *ieee80211_get_qos_ctl(hdr) & IEEE80211_QOS_CTL_TID_MASK;
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	if (likely(sta->ampdu_mlme.tid_tx[tid]))
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		return;

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	if (skb_get_queue_mapping(skb) == IEEE80211_AC_VO)
		return;

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	ieee80211_start_tx_ba_session(pubsta, tid, 5000);
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}

static void
minstrel_ht_tx_status(void *priv, struct ieee80211_supported_band *sband,
                      struct ieee80211_sta *sta, void *priv_sta,
                      struct sk_buff *skb)
{
	struct minstrel_ht_sta_priv *msp = priv_sta;
	struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi = &msp->ht;
	struct ieee80211_tx_info *info = IEEE80211_SKB_CB(skb);
	struct ieee80211_tx_rate *ar = info->status.rates;
	struct minstrel_rate_stats *rate, *rate2;
	struct minstrel_priv *mp = priv;
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	bool last, update = false;
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	int i;
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	if (!msp->is_ht)
		return mac80211_minstrel.tx_status(priv, sband, sta, &msp->legacy, skb);

	/* This packet was aggregated but doesn't carry status info */
	if ((info->flags & IEEE80211_TX_CTL_AMPDU) &&
	    !(info->flags & IEEE80211_TX_STAT_AMPDU))
		return;

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	if (!(info->flags & IEEE80211_TX_STAT_AMPDU)) {
		info->status.ampdu_ack_len =
			(info->flags & IEEE80211_TX_STAT_ACK ? 1 : 0);
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		info->status.ampdu_len = 1;
	}

	mi->ampdu_packets++;
	mi->ampdu_len += info->status.ampdu_len;

	if (!mi->sample_wait && !mi->sample_tries && mi->sample_count > 0) {
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		mi->sample_wait = 16 + 2 * MINSTREL_TRUNC(mi->avg_ampdu_len);
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		mi->sample_tries = 1;
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		mi->sample_count--;
	}

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	if (info->flags & IEEE80211_TX_CTL_RATE_CTRL_PROBE)
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		mi->sample_packets += info->status.ampdu_len;

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	last = !minstrel_ht_txstat_valid(mp, &ar[0]);
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	for (i = 0; !last; i++) {
		last = (i == IEEE80211_TX_MAX_RATES - 1) ||
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		       !minstrel_ht_txstat_valid(mp, &ar[i + 1]);
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		rate = minstrel_ht_get_stats(mp, mi, &ar[i]);
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		if (last)
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			rate->success += info->status.ampdu_ack_len;

		rate->attempts += ar[i].count * info->status.ampdu_len;
	}

	/*
	 * check for sudden death of spatial multiplexing,
	 * downgrade to a lower number of streams if necessary.
	 */
	rate = minstrel_get_ratestats(mi, mi->max_tp_rate);
	if (rate->attempts > 30 &&
	    MINSTREL_FRAC(rate->success, rate->attempts) <
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	    MINSTREL_FRAC(20, 100)) {
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		minstrel_downgrade_rate(mi, &mi->max_tp_rate, true);
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		update = true;
	}
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	rate2 = minstrel_get_ratestats(mi, mi->max_tp_rate2);
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	if (rate2->attempts > 30 &&
	    MINSTREL_FRAC(rate2->success, rate2->attempts) <
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	    MINSTREL_FRAC(20, 100)) {
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		minstrel_downgrade_rate(mi, &mi->max_tp_rate2, false);
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		update = true;
	}
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	if (time_after(jiffies, mi->stats_update + (mp->update_interval / 2 * HZ) / 1000)) {
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		update = true;
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		minstrel_ht_update_stats(mp, mi);
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		if (!(info->flags & IEEE80211_TX_CTL_AMPDU) &&
		    mi->max_prob_rate / MCS_GROUP_RATES != MINSTREL_CCK_GROUP)
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			minstrel_aggr_check(sta, skb);
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	}
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	if (update)
		minstrel_ht_update_rates(mp, mi);
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}

static void
minstrel_calc_retransmit(struct minstrel_priv *mp, struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi,
                         int index)
{
	struct minstrel_rate_stats *mr;
	const struct mcs_group *group;
	unsigned int tx_time, tx_time_rtscts, tx_time_data;
	unsigned int cw = mp->cw_min;
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	unsigned int ctime = 0;
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	unsigned int t_slot = 9; /* FIXME */
	unsigned int ampdu_len = MINSTREL_TRUNC(mi->avg_ampdu_len);
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	unsigned int overhead = 0, overhead_rtscts = 0;
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	mr = minstrel_get_ratestats(mi, index);
	if (mr->probability < MINSTREL_FRAC(1, 10)) {
		mr->retry_count = 1;
		mr->retry_count_rtscts = 1;
		return;
	}

	mr->retry_count = 2;
	mr->retry_count_rtscts = 2;
	mr->retry_updated = true;

	group = &minstrel_mcs_groups[index / MCS_GROUP_RATES];
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	tx_time_data = group->duration[index % MCS_GROUP_RATES] * ampdu_len / 1000;
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	/* Contention time for first 2 tries */
	ctime = (t_slot * cw) >> 1;
	cw = min((cw << 1) | 1, mp->cw_max);
	ctime += (t_slot * cw) >> 1;
	cw = min((cw << 1) | 1, mp->cw_max);

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	if (index / MCS_GROUP_RATES != MINSTREL_CCK_GROUP) {
		overhead = mi->overhead;
		overhead_rtscts = mi->overhead_rtscts;
	}

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	/* Total TX time for data and Contention after first 2 tries */
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	tx_time = ctime + 2 * (overhead + tx_time_data);
	tx_time_rtscts = ctime + 2 * (overhead_rtscts + tx_time_data);
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	/* See how many more tries we can fit inside segment size */
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	do {
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		/* Contention time for this try */
		ctime = (t_slot * cw) >> 1;
		cw = min((cw << 1) | 1, mp->cw_max);

		/* Total TX time after this try */
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		tx_time += ctime + overhead + tx_time_data;
		tx_time_rtscts += ctime + overhead_rtscts + tx_time_data;
605

606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614
		if (tx_time_rtscts < mp->segment_size)
			mr->retry_count_rtscts++;
	} while ((tx_time < mp->segment_size) &&
	         (++mr->retry_count < mp->max_retry));
}


static void
minstrel_ht_set_rate(struct minstrel_priv *mp, struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi,
615
                     struct ieee80211_sta_rates *ratetbl, int offset, int index)
616 617 618
{
	const struct mcs_group *group = &minstrel_mcs_groups[index / MCS_GROUP_RATES];
	struct minstrel_rate_stats *mr;
619 620
	u8 idx;
	u16 flags;
621 622 623 624 625

	mr = minstrel_get_ratestats(mi, index);
	if (!mr->retry_updated)
		minstrel_calc_retransmit(mp, mi, index);

626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634
	if (mr->probability < MINSTREL_FRAC(20, 100) || !mr->retry_count) {
		ratetbl->rate[offset].count = 2;
		ratetbl->rate[offset].count_rts = 2;
		ratetbl->rate[offset].count_cts = 2;
	} else {
		ratetbl->rate[offset].count = mr->retry_count;
		ratetbl->rate[offset].count_cts = mr->retry_count;
		ratetbl->rate[offset].count_rts = mr->retry_count_rtscts;
	}
635 636

	if (index / MCS_GROUP_RATES == MINSTREL_CCK_GROUP) {
637 638 639
		idx = mp->cck_rates[index % ARRAY_SIZE(mp->cck_rates)];
		flags = 0;
	} else {
640
		idx = index % MCS_GROUP_RATES + (group->streams - 1) * 8;
641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660
		flags = IEEE80211_TX_RC_MCS | group->flags;
	}

	if (offset > 0) {
		ratetbl->rate[offset].count = ratetbl->rate[offset].count_rts;
		flags |= IEEE80211_TX_RC_USE_RTS_CTS;
	}

	ratetbl->rate[offset].idx = idx;
	ratetbl->rate[offset].flags = flags;
}

static void
minstrel_ht_update_rates(struct minstrel_priv *mp, struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi)
{
	struct ieee80211_sta_rates *rates;
	int i = 0;

	rates = kzalloc(sizeof(*rates), GFP_ATOMIC);
	if (!rates)
661
		return;
662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674

	/* Start with max_tp_rate */
	minstrel_ht_set_rate(mp, mi, rates, i++, mi->max_tp_rate);

	if (mp->hw->max_rates >= 3) {
		/* At least 3 tx rates supported, use max_tp_rate2 next */
		minstrel_ht_set_rate(mp, mi, rates, i++, mi->max_tp_rate2);
	}

	if (mp->hw->max_rates >= 2) {
		/*
		 * At least 2 tx rates supported, use max_prob_rate next */
		minstrel_ht_set_rate(mp, mi, rates, i++, mi->max_prob_rate);
675 676
	}

677 678
	rates->rate[i].idx = -1;
	rate_control_set_rates(mp->hw, mi->sta, rates);
679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692
}

static inline int
minstrel_get_duration(int index)
{
	const struct mcs_group *group = &minstrel_mcs_groups[index / MCS_GROUP_RATES];
	return group->duration[index % MCS_GROUP_RATES];
}

static int
minstrel_get_sample_rate(struct minstrel_priv *mp, struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi)
{
	struct minstrel_rate_stats *mr;
	struct minstrel_mcs_group_data *mg;
693
	unsigned int sample_dur, sample_group;
694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703
	int sample_idx = 0;

	if (mi->sample_wait > 0) {
		mi->sample_wait--;
		return -1;
	}

	if (!mi->sample_tries)
		return -1;

704 705
	sample_group = mi->sample_group;
	mg = &mi->groups[sample_group];
706
	sample_idx = sample_table[mg->column][mg->index];
707 708 709 710 711
	minstrel_next_sample_idx(mi);

	if (!(mg->supported & BIT(sample_idx)))
		return -1;

712
	mr = &mg->rates[sample_idx];
713
	sample_idx += sample_group * MCS_GROUP_RATES;
714

715 716 717
	/*
	 * Sampling might add some overhead (RTS, no aggregation)
	 * to the frame. Hence, don't use sampling for the currently
718
	 * used rates.
719
	 */
720 721 722
	if (sample_idx == mi->max_tp_rate ||
	    sample_idx == mi->max_tp_rate2 ||
	    sample_idx == mi->max_prob_rate)
723
		return -1;
724

725
	/*
726 727
	 * Do not sample if the probability is already higher than 95%
	 * to avoid wasting airtime.
728
	 */
729
	if (mr->probability > MINSTREL_FRAC(95, 100))
730
		return -1;
731 732 733 734 735

	/*
	 * Make sure that lower rates get sampled only occasionally,
	 * if the link is working perfectly.
	 */
736 737 738 739 740
	sample_dur = minstrel_get_duration(sample_idx);
	if (sample_dur >= minstrel_get_duration(mi->max_tp_rate2) &&
	    (mi->max_prob_streams <
	     minstrel_mcs_groups[sample_group].streams ||
	     sample_dur >= minstrel_get_duration(mi->max_prob_rate))) {
741
		if (mr->sample_skipped < 20)
742
			return -1;
743 744

		if (mi->sample_slow++ > 2)
745
			return -1;
746
	}
747
	mi->sample_tries--;
748 749 750 751

	return sample_idx;
}

752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767
static void
minstrel_ht_check_cck_shortpreamble(struct minstrel_priv *mp,
				    struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi, bool val)
{
	u8 supported = mi->groups[MINSTREL_CCK_GROUP].supported;

	if (!supported || !mi->cck_supported_short)
		return;

	if (supported & (mi->cck_supported_short << (val * 4)))
		return;

	supported ^= mi->cck_supported_short | (mi->cck_supported_short << 4);
	mi->groups[MINSTREL_CCK_GROUP].supported = supported;
}

768 769 770 771
static void
minstrel_ht_get_rate(void *priv, struct ieee80211_sta *sta, void *priv_sta,
                     struct ieee80211_tx_rate_control *txrc)
{
772
	const struct mcs_group *sample_group;
773
	struct ieee80211_tx_info *info = IEEE80211_SKB_CB(txrc->skb);
774
	struct ieee80211_tx_rate *rate = &info->status.rates[0];
775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786
	struct minstrel_ht_sta_priv *msp = priv_sta;
	struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi = &msp->ht;
	struct minstrel_priv *mp = priv;
	int sample_idx;

	if (rate_control_send_low(sta, priv_sta, txrc))
		return;

	if (!msp->is_ht)
		return mac80211_minstrel.get_rate(priv, sta, &msp->legacy, txrc);

	info->flags |= mi->tx_flags;
787
	minstrel_ht_check_cck_shortpreamble(mp, mi, txrc->short_preamble);
788

789 790 791 792 793
#ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_DEBUGFS
	if (mp->fixed_rate_idx != -1)
		return;
#endif

794 795
	/* Don't use EAPOL frames for sampling on non-mrr hw */
	if (mp->hw->max_rates == 1 &&
796
	    (info->control.flags & IEEE80211_TX_CTRL_PORT_CTRL_PROTO))
797 798 799
		sample_idx = -1;
	else
		sample_idx = minstrel_get_sample_rate(mp, mi);
800

801 802 803 804 805 806 807
	mi->total_packets++;

	/* wraparound */
	if (mi->total_packets == ~0) {
		mi->total_packets = 0;
		mi->sample_packets = 0;
	}
808 809 810 811 812 813

	if (sample_idx < 0)
		return;

	sample_group = &minstrel_mcs_groups[sample_idx / MCS_GROUP_RATES];
	info->flags |= IEEE80211_TX_CTL_RATE_CTRL_PROBE;
814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822
	rate->count = 1;

	if (sample_idx / MCS_GROUP_RATES == MINSTREL_CCK_GROUP) {
		int idx = sample_idx % ARRAY_SIZE(mp->cck_rates);
		rate->idx = mp->cck_rates[idx];
		rate->flags = 0;
		return;
	}

823
	rate->idx = sample_idx % MCS_GROUP_RATES +
824
		    (sample_group->streams - 1) * 8;
825
	rate->flags = IEEE80211_TX_RC_MCS | sample_group->flags;
826 827
}

828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837
static void
minstrel_ht_update_cck(struct minstrel_priv *mp, struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi,
		       struct ieee80211_supported_band *sband,
		       struct ieee80211_sta *sta)
{
	int i;

	if (sband->band != IEEE80211_BAND_2GHZ)
		return;

838 839 840
	if (!(mp->hw->flags & IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORTS_HT_CCK_RATES))
		return;

841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854
	mi->cck_supported = 0;
	mi->cck_supported_short = 0;
	for (i = 0; i < 4; i++) {
		if (!rate_supported(sta, sband->band, mp->cck_rates[i]))
			continue;

		mi->cck_supported |= BIT(i);
		if (sband->bitrates[i].flags & IEEE80211_RATE_SHORT_PREAMBLE)
			mi->cck_supported_short |= BIT(i);
	}

	mi->groups[MINSTREL_CCK_GROUP].supported = mi->cck_supported;
}

855 856
static void
minstrel_ht_update_caps(void *priv, struct ieee80211_supported_band *sband,
857
			struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef,
858
                        struct ieee80211_sta *sta, void *priv_sta)
859 860 861 862 863 864
{
	struct minstrel_priv *mp = priv;
	struct minstrel_ht_sta_priv *msp = priv_sta;
	struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi = &msp->ht;
	struct ieee80211_mcs_info *mcs = &sta->ht_cap.mcs;
	u16 sta_cap = sta->ht_cap.cap;
865
	int n_supported = 0;
866 867 868 869 870
	int ack_dur;
	int stbc;
	int i;

	/* fall back to the old minstrel for legacy stations */
871 872
	if (!sta->ht_cap.ht_supported)
		goto use_legacy;
873 874

	BUILD_BUG_ON(ARRAY_SIZE(minstrel_mcs_groups) !=
875
		MINSTREL_MAX_STREAMS * MINSTREL_STREAM_GROUPS + 1);
876 877 878

	msp->is_ht = true;
	memset(mi, 0, sizeof(*mi));
879 880

	mi->sta = sta;
881 882
	mi->stats_update = jiffies;

883 884 885
	ack_dur = ieee80211_frame_duration(sband->band, 10, 60, 1, 1, 0);
	mi->overhead = ieee80211_frame_duration(sband->band, 0, 60, 1, 1, 0);
	mi->overhead += ack_dur;
886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908
	mi->overhead_rtscts = mi->overhead + 2 * ack_dur;

	mi->avg_ampdu_len = MINSTREL_FRAC(1, 1);

	/* When using MRR, sample more on the first attempt, without delay */
	if (mp->has_mrr) {
		mi->sample_count = 16;
		mi->sample_wait = 0;
	} else {
		mi->sample_count = 8;
		mi->sample_wait = 8;
	}
	mi->sample_tries = 4;

	stbc = (sta_cap & IEEE80211_HT_CAP_RX_STBC) >>
		IEEE80211_HT_CAP_RX_STBC_SHIFT;
	mi->tx_flags |= stbc << IEEE80211_TX_CTL_STBC_SHIFT;

	if (sta_cap & IEEE80211_HT_CAP_LDPC_CODING)
		mi->tx_flags |= IEEE80211_TX_CTL_LDPC;

	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(mi->groups); i++) {
		mi->groups[i].supported = 0;
909 910 911 912 913
		if (i == MINSTREL_CCK_GROUP) {
			minstrel_ht_update_cck(mp, mi, sband, sta);
			continue;
		}

914
		if (minstrel_mcs_groups[i].flags & IEEE80211_TX_RC_SHORT_GI) {
915 916 917 918 919 920 921
			if (minstrel_mcs_groups[i].flags & IEEE80211_TX_RC_40_MHZ_WIDTH) {
				if (!(sta_cap & IEEE80211_HT_CAP_SGI_40))
					continue;
			} else {
				if (!(sta_cap & IEEE80211_HT_CAP_SGI_20))
					continue;
			}
922 923
		}

924 925
		if (minstrel_mcs_groups[i].flags & IEEE80211_TX_RC_40_MHZ_WIDTH &&
		    sta->bandwidth < IEEE80211_STA_RX_BW_40)
926 927
			continue;

928
		/* Mark MCS > 7 as unsupported if STA is in static SMPS mode */
929
		if (sta->smps_mode == IEEE80211_SMPS_STATIC &&
930 931 932
		    minstrel_mcs_groups[i].streams > 1)
			continue;

933 934
		mi->groups[i].supported =
			mcs->rx_mask[minstrel_mcs_groups[i].streams - 1];
935 936 937

		if (mi->groups[i].supported)
			n_supported++;
938
	}
939 940 941 942

	if (!n_supported)
		goto use_legacy;

943
	/* create an initial rate table with the lowest supported rates */
944
	minstrel_ht_update_stats(mp, mi);
945
	minstrel_ht_update_rates(mp, mi);
946

947 948 949 950 951 952 953
	return;

use_legacy:
	msp->is_ht = false;
	memset(&msp->legacy, 0, sizeof(msp->legacy));
	msp->legacy.r = msp->ratelist;
	msp->legacy.sample_table = msp->sample_table;
954 955
	return mac80211_minstrel.rate_init(priv, sband, chandef, sta,
					   &msp->legacy);
956 957 958 959
}

static void
minstrel_ht_rate_init(void *priv, struct ieee80211_supported_band *sband,
960
		      struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef,
961 962
                      struct ieee80211_sta *sta, void *priv_sta)
{
963
	minstrel_ht_update_caps(priv, sband, chandef, sta, priv_sta);
964 965 966 967
}

static void
minstrel_ht_rate_update(void *priv, struct ieee80211_supported_band *sband,
968
			struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef,
969
                        struct ieee80211_sta *sta, void *priv_sta,
970
                        u32 changed)
971
{
972
	minstrel_ht_update_caps(priv, sband, chandef, sta, priv_sta);
973 974 975 976 977 978 979 980 981 982 983 984 985 986 987 988 989 990
}

static void *
minstrel_ht_alloc_sta(void *priv, struct ieee80211_sta *sta, gfp_t gfp)
{
	struct ieee80211_supported_band *sband;
	struct minstrel_ht_sta_priv *msp;
	struct minstrel_priv *mp = priv;
	struct ieee80211_hw *hw = mp->hw;
	int max_rates = 0;
	int i;

	for (i = 0; i < IEEE80211_NUM_BANDS; i++) {
		sband = hw->wiphy->bands[i];
		if (sband && sband->n_bitrates > max_rates)
			max_rates = sband->n_bitrates;
	}

991
	msp = kzalloc(sizeof(*msp), gfp);
992 993 994 995 996 997 998 999 1000 1001 1002 1003 1004 1005
	if (!msp)
		return NULL;

	msp->ratelist = kzalloc(sizeof(struct minstrel_rate) * max_rates, gfp);
	if (!msp->ratelist)
		goto error;

	msp->sample_table = kmalloc(SAMPLE_COLUMNS * max_rates, gfp);
	if (!msp->sample_table)
		goto error1;

	return msp;

error1:
1006
	kfree(msp->ratelist);
1007 1008 1009 1010 1011 1012 1013 1014 1015 1016 1017 1018 1019 1020 1021 1022 1023 1024 1025 1026 1027 1028 1029 1030 1031 1032 1033
error:
	kfree(msp);
	return NULL;
}

static void
minstrel_ht_free_sta(void *priv, struct ieee80211_sta *sta, void *priv_sta)
{
	struct minstrel_ht_sta_priv *msp = priv_sta;

	kfree(msp->sample_table);
	kfree(msp->ratelist);
	kfree(msp);
}

static void *
minstrel_ht_alloc(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct dentry *debugfsdir)
{
	return mac80211_minstrel.alloc(hw, debugfsdir);
}

static void
minstrel_ht_free(void *priv)
{
	mac80211_minstrel.free(priv);
}

1034
static const struct rate_control_ops mac80211_minstrel_ht = {
1035 1036 1037 1038 1039 1040 1041 1042 1043 1044 1045 1046 1047 1048 1049 1050 1051 1052 1053 1054 1055 1056 1057 1058
	.name = "minstrel_ht",
	.tx_status = minstrel_ht_tx_status,
	.get_rate = minstrel_ht_get_rate,
	.rate_init = minstrel_ht_rate_init,
	.rate_update = minstrel_ht_rate_update,
	.alloc_sta = minstrel_ht_alloc_sta,
	.free_sta = minstrel_ht_free_sta,
	.alloc = minstrel_ht_alloc,
	.free = minstrel_ht_free,
#ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_DEBUGFS
	.add_sta_debugfs = minstrel_ht_add_sta_debugfs,
	.remove_sta_debugfs = minstrel_ht_remove_sta_debugfs,
#endif
};


static void
init_sample_table(void)
{
	int col, i, new_idx;
	u8 rnd[MCS_GROUP_RATES];

	memset(sample_table, 0xff, sizeof(sample_table));
	for (col = 0; col < SAMPLE_COLUMNS; col++) {
1059
		prandom_bytes(rnd, sizeof(rnd));
1060 1061 1062 1063 1064 1065 1066 1067 1068 1069 1070 1071 1072 1073 1074 1075 1076 1077 1078 1079 1080 1081
		for (i = 0; i < MCS_GROUP_RATES; i++) {
			new_idx = (i + rnd[i]) % MCS_GROUP_RATES;
			while (sample_table[col][new_idx] != 0xff)
				new_idx = (new_idx + 1) % MCS_GROUP_RATES;

			sample_table[col][new_idx] = i;
		}
	}
}

int __init
rc80211_minstrel_ht_init(void)
{
	init_sample_table();
	return ieee80211_rate_control_register(&mac80211_minstrel_ht);
}

void
rc80211_minstrel_ht_exit(void)
{
	ieee80211_rate_control_unregister(&mac80211_minstrel_ht);
}