rc80211_minstrel_ht.c 26.8 KB
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/*
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 * Copyright (C) 2010-2013 Felix Fietkau <nbd@openwrt.org>
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 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 */
#include <linux/netdevice.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/skbuff.h>
#include <linux/debugfs.h>
#include <linux/random.h>
#include <linux/ieee80211.h>
#include <net/mac80211.h>
#include "rate.h"
#include "rc80211_minstrel.h"
#include "rc80211_minstrel_ht.h"

#define AVG_PKT_SIZE	1200

/* Number of bits for an average sized packet */
#define MCS_NBITS (AVG_PKT_SIZE << 3)

/* Number of symbols for a packet with (bps) bits per symbol */
#define MCS_NSYMS(bps) ((MCS_NBITS + (bps) - 1) / (bps))

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/* Transmission time (nanoseconds) for a packet containing (syms) symbols */
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#define MCS_SYMBOL_TIME(sgi, syms)					\
	(sgi ?								\
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	  ((syms) * 18000 + 4000) / 5 :	/* syms * 3.6 us */		\
	  ((syms) * 1000) << 2		/* syms * 4 us */		\
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	)

/* Transmit duration for the raw data part of an average sized packet */
#define MCS_DURATION(streams, sgi, bps) MCS_SYMBOL_TIME(sgi, MCS_NSYMS((streams) * (bps)))

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/*
 * Define group sort order: HT40 -> SGI -> #streams
 */
#define GROUP_IDX(_streams, _sgi, _ht40)	\
	MINSTREL_MAX_STREAMS * 2 * _ht40 +	\
	MINSTREL_MAX_STREAMS * _sgi +		\
	_streams - 1

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/* MCS rate information for an MCS group */
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#define MCS_GROUP(_streams, _sgi, _ht40)				\
	[GROUP_IDX(_streams, _sgi, _ht40)] = {				\
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	.streams = _streams,						\
	.flags =							\
		(_sgi ? IEEE80211_TX_RC_SHORT_GI : 0) |			\
		(_ht40 ? IEEE80211_TX_RC_40_MHZ_WIDTH : 0),		\
	.duration = {							\
		MCS_DURATION(_streams, _sgi, _ht40 ? 54 : 26),		\
		MCS_DURATION(_streams, _sgi, _ht40 ? 108 : 52),		\
		MCS_DURATION(_streams, _sgi, _ht40 ? 162 : 78),		\
		MCS_DURATION(_streams, _sgi, _ht40 ? 216 : 104),	\
		MCS_DURATION(_streams, _sgi, _ht40 ? 324 : 156),	\
		MCS_DURATION(_streams, _sgi, _ht40 ? 432 : 208),	\
		MCS_DURATION(_streams, _sgi, _ht40 ? 486 : 234),	\
		MCS_DURATION(_streams, _sgi, _ht40 ? 540 : 260)		\
	}								\
}

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#define CCK_DURATION(_bitrate, _short, _len)		\
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	(1000 * (10 /* SIFS */ +			\
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	 (_short ? 72 + 24 : 144 + 48 ) +		\
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	 (8 * (_len + 4) * 10) / (_bitrate)))
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#define CCK_ACK_DURATION(_bitrate, _short)			\
	(CCK_DURATION((_bitrate > 10 ? 20 : 10), false, 60) +	\
	 CCK_DURATION(_bitrate, _short, AVG_PKT_SIZE))

#define CCK_DURATION_LIST(_short)			\
	CCK_ACK_DURATION(10, _short),			\
	CCK_ACK_DURATION(20, _short),			\
	CCK_ACK_DURATION(55, _short),			\
	CCK_ACK_DURATION(110, _short)

#define CCK_GROUP						\
	[MINSTREL_MAX_STREAMS * MINSTREL_STREAM_GROUPS] = {	\
		.streams = 0,					\
		.duration = {					\
			CCK_DURATION_LIST(false),		\
			CCK_DURATION_LIST(true)			\
		}						\
	}

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/*
 * To enable sufficiently targeted rate sampling, MCS rates are divided into
 * groups, based on the number of streams and flags (HT40, SGI) that they
 * use.
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 *
 * Sortorder has to be fixed for GROUP_IDX macro to be applicable:
 * HT40 -> SGI -> #streams
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 */
const struct mcs_group minstrel_mcs_groups[] = {
	MCS_GROUP(1, 0, 0),
	MCS_GROUP(2, 0, 0),
#if MINSTREL_MAX_STREAMS >= 3
	MCS_GROUP(3, 0, 0),
#endif

	MCS_GROUP(1, 1, 0),
	MCS_GROUP(2, 1, 0),
#if MINSTREL_MAX_STREAMS >= 3
	MCS_GROUP(3, 1, 0),
#endif

	MCS_GROUP(1, 0, 1),
	MCS_GROUP(2, 0, 1),
#if MINSTREL_MAX_STREAMS >= 3
	MCS_GROUP(3, 0, 1),
#endif

	MCS_GROUP(1, 1, 1),
	MCS_GROUP(2, 1, 1),
#if MINSTREL_MAX_STREAMS >= 3
	MCS_GROUP(3, 1, 1),
#endif
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	/* must be last */
	CCK_GROUP
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};

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#define MINSTREL_CCK_GROUP	(ARRAY_SIZE(minstrel_mcs_groups) - 1)

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static u8 sample_table[SAMPLE_COLUMNS][MCS_GROUP_RATES];

/*
 * Look up an MCS group index based on mac80211 rate information
 */
static int
minstrel_ht_get_group_idx(struct ieee80211_tx_rate *rate)
{
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	return GROUP_IDX((rate->idx / MCS_GROUP_RATES) + 1,
			 !!(rate->flags & IEEE80211_TX_RC_SHORT_GI),
			 !!(rate->flags & IEEE80211_TX_RC_40_MHZ_WIDTH));
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}

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static struct minstrel_rate_stats *
minstrel_ht_get_stats(struct minstrel_priv *mp, struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi,
		      struct ieee80211_tx_rate *rate)
{
	int group, idx;

	if (rate->flags & IEEE80211_TX_RC_MCS) {
		group = minstrel_ht_get_group_idx(rate);
		idx = rate->idx % MCS_GROUP_RATES;
	} else {
		group = MINSTREL_CCK_GROUP;

		for (idx = 0; idx < ARRAY_SIZE(mp->cck_rates); idx++)
			if (rate->idx == mp->cck_rates[idx])
				break;

		/* short preamble */
		if (!(mi->groups[group].supported & BIT(idx)))
			idx += 4;
	}
	return &mi->groups[group].rates[idx];
}

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static inline struct minstrel_rate_stats *
minstrel_get_ratestats(struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi, int index)
{
	return &mi->groups[index / MCS_GROUP_RATES].rates[index % MCS_GROUP_RATES];
}


/*
 * Recalculate success probabilities and counters for a rate using EWMA
 */
static void
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minstrel_calc_rate_ewma(struct minstrel_rate_stats *mr)
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{
	if (unlikely(mr->attempts > 0)) {
		mr->sample_skipped = 0;
		mr->cur_prob = MINSTREL_FRAC(mr->success, mr->attempts);
		if (!mr->att_hist)
			mr->probability = mr->cur_prob;
		else
			mr->probability = minstrel_ewma(mr->probability,
				mr->cur_prob, EWMA_LEVEL);
		mr->att_hist += mr->attempts;
		mr->succ_hist += mr->success;
	} else {
		mr->sample_skipped++;
	}
	mr->last_success = mr->success;
	mr->last_attempts = mr->attempts;
	mr->success = 0;
	mr->attempts = 0;
}

/*
 * Calculate throughput based on the average A-MPDU length, taking into account
 * the expected number of retransmissions and their expected length
 */
static void
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minstrel_ht_calc_tp(struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi, int group, int rate)
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{
	struct minstrel_rate_stats *mr;
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	unsigned int nsecs = 0;
	unsigned int tp;
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	unsigned int prob;
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	mr = &mi->groups[group].rates[rate];
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	prob = mr->probability;
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	if (prob < MINSTREL_FRAC(1, 10)) {
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		mr->cur_tp = 0;
		return;
	}

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	/*
	 * For the throughput calculation, limit the probability value to 90% to
	 * account for collision related packet error rate fluctuation
	 */
	if (prob > MINSTREL_FRAC(9, 10))
		prob = MINSTREL_FRAC(9, 10);

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	if (group != MINSTREL_CCK_GROUP)
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		nsecs = 1000 * mi->overhead / MINSTREL_TRUNC(mi->avg_ampdu_len);
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	nsecs += minstrel_mcs_groups[group].duration[rate];
	tp = 1000000 * ((mr->probability * 1000) / nsecs);

	mr->cur_tp = MINSTREL_TRUNC(tp);
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}

/*
 * Update rate statistics and select new primary rates
 *
 * Rules for rate selection:
 *  - max_prob_rate must use only one stream, as a tradeoff between delivery
 *    probability and throughput during strong fluctuations
 *  - as long as the max prob rate has a probability of more than 3/4, pick
 *    higher throughput rates, even if the probablity is a bit lower
 */
static void
minstrel_ht_update_stats(struct minstrel_priv *mp, struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi)
{
	struct minstrel_mcs_group_data *mg;
	struct minstrel_rate_stats *mr;
	int cur_prob, cur_prob_tp, cur_tp, cur_tp2;
	int group, i, index;
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	bool mi_rates_valid = false;
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	if (mi->ampdu_packets > 0) {
		mi->avg_ampdu_len = minstrel_ewma(mi->avg_ampdu_len,
			MINSTREL_FRAC(mi->ampdu_len, mi->ampdu_packets), EWMA_LEVEL);
		mi->ampdu_len = 0;
		mi->ampdu_packets = 0;
	}

	mi->sample_slow = 0;
	mi->sample_count = 0;

	for (group = 0; group < ARRAY_SIZE(minstrel_mcs_groups); group++) {
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		bool mg_rates_valid = false;

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		cur_prob = 0;
		cur_prob_tp = 0;
		cur_tp = 0;
		cur_tp2 = 0;

		mg = &mi->groups[group];
		if (!mg->supported)
			continue;

		mi->sample_count++;

		for (i = 0; i < MCS_GROUP_RATES; i++) {
			if (!(mg->supported & BIT(i)))
				continue;

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			/* initialize rates selections starting indexes */
			if (!mg_rates_valid) {
				mg->max_tp_rate = mg->max_tp_rate2 =
					mg->max_prob_rate = i;
				if (!mi_rates_valid) {
					mi->max_tp_rate = mi->max_tp_rate2 =
						mi->max_prob_rate = i;
					mi_rates_valid = true;
				}
				mg_rates_valid = true;
			}

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			mr = &mg->rates[i];
			mr->retry_updated = false;
			index = MCS_GROUP_RATES * group + i;
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			minstrel_calc_rate_ewma(mr);
			minstrel_ht_calc_tp(mi, group, i);
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			if (!mr->cur_tp)
				continue;

			if ((mr->cur_tp > cur_prob_tp && mr->probability >
			     MINSTREL_FRAC(3, 4)) || mr->probability > cur_prob) {
				mg->max_prob_rate = index;
				cur_prob = mr->probability;
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				cur_prob_tp = mr->cur_tp;
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			}

			if (mr->cur_tp > cur_tp) {
				swap(index, mg->max_tp_rate);
				cur_tp = mr->cur_tp;
				mr = minstrel_get_ratestats(mi, index);
			}

			if (index >= mg->max_tp_rate)
				continue;

			if (mr->cur_tp > cur_tp2) {
				mg->max_tp_rate2 = index;
				cur_tp2 = mr->cur_tp;
			}
		}
	}

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	/* try to sample all available rates during each interval */
	mi->sample_count *= 8;
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	cur_prob = 0;
	cur_prob_tp = 0;
	cur_tp = 0;
	cur_tp2 = 0;
	for (group = 0; group < ARRAY_SIZE(minstrel_mcs_groups); group++) {
		mg = &mi->groups[group];
		if (!mg->supported)
			continue;

		mr = minstrel_get_ratestats(mi, mg->max_tp_rate);
		if (cur_tp < mr->cur_tp) {
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			mi->max_tp_rate2 = mi->max_tp_rate;
			cur_tp2 = cur_tp;
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			mi->max_tp_rate = mg->max_tp_rate;
			cur_tp = mr->cur_tp;
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			mi->max_prob_streams = minstrel_mcs_groups[group].streams - 1;
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		}

		mr = minstrel_get_ratestats(mi, mg->max_tp_rate2);
		if (cur_tp2 < mr->cur_tp) {
			mi->max_tp_rate2 = mg->max_tp_rate2;
			cur_tp2 = mr->cur_tp;
		}
	}

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	if (mi->max_prob_streams < 1)
		mi->max_prob_streams = 1;
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	for (group = 0; group < ARRAY_SIZE(minstrel_mcs_groups); group++) {
		mg = &mi->groups[group];
		if (!mg->supported)
			continue;
		mr = minstrel_get_ratestats(mi, mg->max_prob_rate);
		if (cur_prob_tp < mr->cur_tp &&
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		    minstrel_mcs_groups[group].streams <= mi->max_prob_streams) {
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			mi->max_prob_rate = mg->max_prob_rate;
			cur_prob = mr->cur_prob;
			cur_prob_tp = mr->cur_tp;
		}
	}


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	mi->stats_update = jiffies;
}

static bool
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minstrel_ht_txstat_valid(struct minstrel_priv *mp, struct ieee80211_tx_rate *rate)
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{
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	if (rate->idx < 0)
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		return false;

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	if (!rate->count)
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		return false;

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	if (rate->flags & IEEE80211_TX_RC_MCS)
		return true;

	return rate->idx == mp->cck_rates[0] ||
	       rate->idx == mp->cck_rates[1] ||
	       rate->idx == mp->cck_rates[2] ||
	       rate->idx == mp->cck_rates[3];
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}

static void
minstrel_next_sample_idx(struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi)
{
	struct minstrel_mcs_group_data *mg;

	for (;;) {
		mi->sample_group++;
		mi->sample_group %= ARRAY_SIZE(minstrel_mcs_groups);
		mg = &mi->groups[mi->sample_group];

		if (!mg->supported)
			continue;

		if (++mg->index >= MCS_GROUP_RATES) {
			mg->index = 0;
			if (++mg->column >= ARRAY_SIZE(sample_table))
				mg->column = 0;
		}
		break;
	}
}

static void
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minstrel_downgrade_rate(struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi, unsigned int *idx,
			bool primary)
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{
	int group, orig_group;

	orig_group = group = *idx / MCS_GROUP_RATES;
	while (group > 0) {
		group--;

		if (!mi->groups[group].supported)
			continue;

		if (minstrel_mcs_groups[group].streams >
		    minstrel_mcs_groups[orig_group].streams)
			continue;

		if (primary)
			*idx = mi->groups[group].max_tp_rate;
		else
			*idx = mi->groups[group].max_tp_rate2;
		break;
	}
}

static void
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minstrel_aggr_check(struct ieee80211_sta *pubsta, struct sk_buff *skb)
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{
	struct ieee80211_hdr *hdr = (struct ieee80211_hdr *) skb->data;
	struct sta_info *sta = container_of(pubsta, struct sta_info, sta);
	u16 tid;

	if (unlikely(!ieee80211_is_data_qos(hdr->frame_control)))
		return;

	if (unlikely(skb->protocol == cpu_to_be16(ETH_P_PAE)))
		return;

	tid = *ieee80211_get_qos_ctl(hdr) & IEEE80211_QOS_CTL_TID_MASK;
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	if (likely(sta->ampdu_mlme.tid_tx[tid]))
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		return;

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	if (skb_get_queue_mapping(skb) == IEEE80211_AC_VO)
		return;

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	ieee80211_start_tx_ba_session(pubsta, tid, 5000);
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}

static void
minstrel_ht_tx_status(void *priv, struct ieee80211_supported_band *sband,
                      struct ieee80211_sta *sta, void *priv_sta,
                      struct sk_buff *skb)
{
	struct minstrel_ht_sta_priv *msp = priv_sta;
	struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi = &msp->ht;
	struct ieee80211_tx_info *info = IEEE80211_SKB_CB(skb);
	struct ieee80211_tx_rate *ar = info->status.rates;
	struct minstrel_rate_stats *rate, *rate2;
	struct minstrel_priv *mp = priv;
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	bool last;
	int i;
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	if (!msp->is_ht)
		return mac80211_minstrel.tx_status(priv, sband, sta, &msp->legacy, skb);

	/* This packet was aggregated but doesn't carry status info */
	if ((info->flags & IEEE80211_TX_CTL_AMPDU) &&
	    !(info->flags & IEEE80211_TX_STAT_AMPDU))
		return;

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	if (!(info->flags & IEEE80211_TX_STAT_AMPDU)) {
		info->status.ampdu_ack_len =
			(info->flags & IEEE80211_TX_STAT_ACK ? 1 : 0);
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		info->status.ampdu_len = 1;
	}

	mi->ampdu_packets++;
	mi->ampdu_len += info->status.ampdu_len;

	if (!mi->sample_wait && !mi->sample_tries && mi->sample_count > 0) {
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		mi->sample_wait = 16 + 2 * MINSTREL_TRUNC(mi->avg_ampdu_len);
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		mi->sample_tries = 1;
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		mi->sample_count--;
	}

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	if (info->flags & IEEE80211_TX_CTL_RATE_CTRL_PROBE)
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		mi->sample_packets += info->status.ampdu_len;

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	last = !minstrel_ht_txstat_valid(mp, &ar[0]);
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	for (i = 0; !last; i++) {
		last = (i == IEEE80211_TX_MAX_RATES - 1) ||
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		       !minstrel_ht_txstat_valid(mp, &ar[i + 1]);
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		rate = minstrel_ht_get_stats(mp, mi, &ar[i]);
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		if (last)
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			rate->success += info->status.ampdu_ack_len;

		rate->attempts += ar[i].count * info->status.ampdu_len;
	}

	/*
	 * check for sudden death of spatial multiplexing,
	 * downgrade to a lower number of streams if necessary.
	 */
	rate = minstrel_get_ratestats(mi, mi->max_tp_rate);
	if (rate->attempts > 30 &&
	    MINSTREL_FRAC(rate->success, rate->attempts) <
	    MINSTREL_FRAC(20, 100))
		minstrel_downgrade_rate(mi, &mi->max_tp_rate, true);

	rate2 = minstrel_get_ratestats(mi, mi->max_tp_rate2);
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	if (rate2->attempts > 30 &&
	    MINSTREL_FRAC(rate2->success, rate2->attempts) <
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	    MINSTREL_FRAC(20, 100))
		minstrel_downgrade_rate(mi, &mi->max_tp_rate2, false);

	if (time_after(jiffies, mi->stats_update + (mp->update_interval / 2 * HZ) / 1000)) {
		minstrel_ht_update_stats(mp, mi);
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		if (!(info->flags & IEEE80211_TX_CTL_AMPDU) &&
		    mi->max_prob_rate / MCS_GROUP_RATES != MINSTREL_CCK_GROUP)
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			minstrel_aggr_check(sta, skb);
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	}
}

static void
minstrel_calc_retransmit(struct minstrel_priv *mp, struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi,
                         int index)
{
	struct minstrel_rate_stats *mr;
	const struct mcs_group *group;
	unsigned int tx_time, tx_time_rtscts, tx_time_data;
	unsigned int cw = mp->cw_min;
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	unsigned int ctime = 0;
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	unsigned int t_slot = 9; /* FIXME */
	unsigned int ampdu_len = MINSTREL_TRUNC(mi->avg_ampdu_len);
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	unsigned int overhead = 0, overhead_rtscts = 0;
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	mr = minstrel_get_ratestats(mi, index);
	if (mr->probability < MINSTREL_FRAC(1, 10)) {
		mr->retry_count = 1;
		mr->retry_count_rtscts = 1;
		return;
	}

	mr->retry_count = 2;
	mr->retry_count_rtscts = 2;
	mr->retry_updated = true;

	group = &minstrel_mcs_groups[index / MCS_GROUP_RATES];
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	tx_time_data = group->duration[index % MCS_GROUP_RATES] * ampdu_len / 1000;
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	/* Contention time for first 2 tries */
	ctime = (t_slot * cw) >> 1;
	cw = min((cw << 1) | 1, mp->cw_max);
	ctime += (t_slot * cw) >> 1;
	cw = min((cw << 1) | 1, mp->cw_max);

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	if (index / MCS_GROUP_RATES != MINSTREL_CCK_GROUP) {
		overhead = mi->overhead;
		overhead_rtscts = mi->overhead_rtscts;
	}

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	/* Total TX time for data and Contention after first 2 tries */
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	tx_time = ctime + 2 * (overhead + tx_time_data);
	tx_time_rtscts = ctime + 2 * (overhead_rtscts + tx_time_data);
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	/* See how many more tries we can fit inside segment size */
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	do {
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		/* Contention time for this try */
		ctime = (t_slot * cw) >> 1;
		cw = min((cw << 1) | 1, mp->cw_max);

		/* Total TX time after this try */
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		tx_time += ctime + overhead + tx_time_data;
		tx_time_rtscts += ctime + overhead_rtscts + tx_time_data;
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		if (tx_time_rtscts < mp->segment_size)
			mr->retry_count_rtscts++;
	} while ((tx_time < mp->segment_size) &&
	         (++mr->retry_count < mp->max_retry));
}


static void
minstrel_ht_set_rate(struct minstrel_priv *mp, struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi,
                     struct ieee80211_tx_rate *rate, int index,
                     bool sample, bool rtscts)
{
	const struct mcs_group *group = &minstrel_mcs_groups[index / MCS_GROUP_RATES];
	struct minstrel_rate_stats *mr;

	mr = minstrel_get_ratestats(mi, index);
	if (!mr->retry_updated)
		minstrel_calc_retransmit(mp, mi, index);

605 606 607
	if (sample)
		rate->count = 1;
	else if (mr->probability < MINSTREL_FRAC(20, 100))
608 609 610 611 612 613
		rate->count = 2;
	else if (rtscts)
		rate->count = mr->retry_count_rtscts;
	else
		rate->count = mr->retry_count;

614
	rate->flags = 0;
615
	if (rtscts)
616
		rate->flags |= IEEE80211_TX_RC_USE_RTS_CTS;
617 618 619 620 621 622 623

	if (index / MCS_GROUP_RATES == MINSTREL_CCK_GROUP) {
		rate->idx = mp->cck_rates[index % ARRAY_SIZE(mp->cck_rates)];
		return;
	}

	rate->flags |= IEEE80211_TX_RC_MCS | group->flags;
624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638
	rate->idx = index % MCS_GROUP_RATES + (group->streams - 1) * MCS_GROUP_RATES;
}

static inline int
minstrel_get_duration(int index)
{
	const struct mcs_group *group = &minstrel_mcs_groups[index / MCS_GROUP_RATES];
	return group->duration[index % MCS_GROUP_RATES];
}

static int
minstrel_get_sample_rate(struct minstrel_priv *mp, struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi)
{
	struct minstrel_rate_stats *mr;
	struct minstrel_mcs_group_data *mg;
639
	unsigned int sample_dur, sample_group;
640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652
	int sample_idx = 0;

	if (mi->sample_wait > 0) {
		mi->sample_wait--;
		return -1;
	}

	if (!mi->sample_tries)
		return -1;

	mg = &mi->groups[mi->sample_group];
	sample_idx = sample_table[mg->column][mg->index];
	mr = &mg->rates[sample_idx];
653 654
	sample_group = mi->sample_group;
	sample_idx += sample_group * MCS_GROUP_RATES;
655
	minstrel_next_sample_idx(mi);
656

657 658 659
	/*
	 * Sampling might add some overhead (RTS, no aggregation)
	 * to the frame. Hence, don't use sampling for the currently
660
	 * used rates.
661
	 */
662 663 664
	if (sample_idx == mi->max_tp_rate ||
	    sample_idx == mi->max_tp_rate2 ||
	    sample_idx == mi->max_prob_rate)
665
		return -1;
666

667
	/*
668 669
	 * Do not sample if the probability is already higher than 95%
	 * to avoid wasting airtime.
670
	 */
671
	if (mr->probability > MINSTREL_FRAC(95, 100))
672
		return -1;
673 674 675 676 677

	/*
	 * Make sure that lower rates get sampled only occasionally,
	 * if the link is working perfectly.
	 */
678 679 680 681 682
	sample_dur = minstrel_get_duration(sample_idx);
	if (sample_dur >= minstrel_get_duration(mi->max_tp_rate2) &&
	    (mi->max_prob_streams <
	     minstrel_mcs_groups[sample_group].streams ||
	     sample_dur >= minstrel_get_duration(mi->max_prob_rate))) {
683
		if (mr->sample_skipped < 20)
684
			return -1;
685 686

		if (mi->sample_slow++ > 2)
687
			return -1;
688
	}
689
	mi->sample_tries--;
690 691 692 693

	return sample_idx;
}

694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709
static void
minstrel_ht_check_cck_shortpreamble(struct minstrel_priv *mp,
				    struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi, bool val)
{
	u8 supported = mi->groups[MINSTREL_CCK_GROUP].supported;

	if (!supported || !mi->cck_supported_short)
		return;

	if (supported & (mi->cck_supported_short << (val * 4)))
		return;

	supported ^= mi->cck_supported_short | (mi->cck_supported_short << 4);
	mi->groups[MINSTREL_CCK_GROUP].supported = supported;
}

710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719
static void
minstrel_ht_get_rate(void *priv, struct ieee80211_sta *sta, void *priv_sta,
                     struct ieee80211_tx_rate_control *txrc)
{
	struct ieee80211_tx_info *info = IEEE80211_SKB_CB(txrc->skb);
	struct ieee80211_tx_rate *ar = info->status.rates;
	struct minstrel_ht_sta_priv *msp = priv_sta;
	struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi = &msp->ht;
	struct minstrel_priv *mp = priv;
	int sample_idx;
720
	bool sample = false;
721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728

	if (rate_control_send_low(sta, priv_sta, txrc))
		return;

	if (!msp->is_ht)
		return mac80211_minstrel.get_rate(priv, sta, &msp->legacy, txrc);

	info->flags |= mi->tx_flags;
729
	minstrel_ht_check_cck_shortpreamble(mp, mi, txrc->short_preamble);
730 731 732 733 734 735 736

	/* Don't use EAPOL frames for sampling on non-mrr hw */
	if (mp->hw->max_rates == 1 &&
	    txrc->skb->protocol == cpu_to_be16(ETH_P_PAE))
		sample_idx = -1;
	else
		sample_idx = minstrel_get_sample_rate(mp, mi);
737 738 739

#ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_DEBUGFS
	/* use fixed index if set */
740 741 742 743 744 745
	if (mp->fixed_rate_idx != -1) {
		mi->max_tp_rate = mp->fixed_rate_idx;
		mi->max_tp_rate2 = mp->fixed_rate_idx;
		mi->max_prob_rate = mp->fixed_rate_idx;
		sample_idx = -1;
	}
746 747
#endif

748
	if (sample_idx >= 0) {
749
		sample = true;
750
		minstrel_ht_set_rate(mp, mi, &ar[0], sample_idx,
751
			true, false);
752 753 754
		info->flags |= IEEE80211_TX_CTL_RATE_CTRL_PROBE;
	} else {
		minstrel_ht_set_rate(mp, mi, &ar[0], mi->max_tp_rate,
755
			false, false);
756 757
	}

758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765
	if (mp->hw->max_rates >= 3) {
		/*
		 * At least 3 tx rates supported, use
		 * sample_rate -> max_tp_rate -> max_prob_rate for sampling and
		 * max_tp_rate -> max_tp_rate2 -> max_prob_rate by default.
		 */
		if (sample_idx >= 0)
			minstrel_ht_set_rate(mp, mi, &ar[1], mi->max_tp_rate,
766
				false, false);
767 768
		else
			minstrel_ht_set_rate(mp, mi, &ar[1], mi->max_tp_rate2,
769
				false, true);
770 771

		minstrel_ht_set_rate(mp, mi, &ar[2], mi->max_prob_rate,
772
				     false, !sample);
773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782

		ar[3].count = 0;
		ar[3].idx = -1;
	} else if (mp->hw->max_rates == 2) {
		/*
		 * Only 2 tx rates supported, use
		 * sample_rate -> max_prob_rate for sampling and
		 * max_tp_rate -> max_prob_rate by default.
		 */
		minstrel_ht_set_rate(mp, mi, &ar[1], mi->max_prob_rate,
783
				     false, !sample);
784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791

		ar[2].count = 0;
		ar[2].idx = -1;
	} else {
		/* Not using MRR, only use the first rate */
		ar[1].count = 0;
		ar[1].idx = -1;
	}
792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801

	mi->total_packets++;

	/* wraparound */
	if (mi->total_packets == ~0) {
		mi->total_packets = 0;
		mi->sample_packets = 0;
	}
}

802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825
static void
minstrel_ht_update_cck(struct minstrel_priv *mp, struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi,
		       struct ieee80211_supported_band *sband,
		       struct ieee80211_sta *sta)
{
	int i;

	if (sband->band != IEEE80211_BAND_2GHZ)
		return;

	mi->cck_supported = 0;
	mi->cck_supported_short = 0;
	for (i = 0; i < 4; i++) {
		if (!rate_supported(sta, sband->band, mp->cck_rates[i]))
			continue;

		mi->cck_supported |= BIT(i);
		if (sband->bitrates[i].flags & IEEE80211_RATE_SHORT_PREAMBLE)
			mi->cck_supported_short |= BIT(i);
	}

	mi->groups[MINSTREL_CCK_GROUP].supported = mi->cck_supported;
}

826 827
static void
minstrel_ht_update_caps(void *priv, struct ieee80211_supported_band *sband,
828
                        struct ieee80211_sta *sta, void *priv_sta)
829 830 831 832 833 834
{
	struct minstrel_priv *mp = priv;
	struct minstrel_ht_sta_priv *msp = priv_sta;
	struct minstrel_ht_sta *mi = &msp->ht;
	struct ieee80211_mcs_info *mcs = &sta->ht_cap.mcs;
	u16 sta_cap = sta->ht_cap.cap;
835
	int n_supported = 0;
836 837 838 839 840
	int ack_dur;
	int stbc;
	int i;

	/* fall back to the old minstrel for legacy stations */
841 842
	if (!sta->ht_cap.ht_supported)
		goto use_legacy;
843 844

	BUILD_BUG_ON(ARRAY_SIZE(minstrel_mcs_groups) !=
845
		MINSTREL_MAX_STREAMS * MINSTREL_STREAM_GROUPS + 1);
846 847 848 849 850

	msp->is_ht = true;
	memset(mi, 0, sizeof(*mi));
	mi->stats_update = jiffies;

851 852
	ack_dur = ieee80211_frame_duration(sband->band, 10, 60, 1, 1);
	mi->overhead = ieee80211_frame_duration(sband->band, 0, 60, 1, 1) + ack_dur;
853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875
	mi->overhead_rtscts = mi->overhead + 2 * ack_dur;

	mi->avg_ampdu_len = MINSTREL_FRAC(1, 1);

	/* When using MRR, sample more on the first attempt, without delay */
	if (mp->has_mrr) {
		mi->sample_count = 16;
		mi->sample_wait = 0;
	} else {
		mi->sample_count = 8;
		mi->sample_wait = 8;
	}
	mi->sample_tries = 4;

	stbc = (sta_cap & IEEE80211_HT_CAP_RX_STBC) >>
		IEEE80211_HT_CAP_RX_STBC_SHIFT;
	mi->tx_flags |= stbc << IEEE80211_TX_CTL_STBC_SHIFT;

	if (sta_cap & IEEE80211_HT_CAP_LDPC_CODING)
		mi->tx_flags |= IEEE80211_TX_CTL_LDPC;

	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(mi->groups); i++) {
		mi->groups[i].supported = 0;
876 877 878 879 880
		if (i == MINSTREL_CCK_GROUP) {
			minstrel_ht_update_cck(mp, mi, sband, sta);
			continue;
		}

881
		if (minstrel_mcs_groups[i].flags & IEEE80211_TX_RC_SHORT_GI) {
882 883 884 885 886 887 888
			if (minstrel_mcs_groups[i].flags & IEEE80211_TX_RC_40_MHZ_WIDTH) {
				if (!(sta_cap & IEEE80211_HT_CAP_SGI_40))
					continue;
			} else {
				if (!(sta_cap & IEEE80211_HT_CAP_SGI_20))
					continue;
			}
889 890
		}

891 892
		if (minstrel_mcs_groups[i].flags & IEEE80211_TX_RC_40_MHZ_WIDTH &&
		    sta->bandwidth < IEEE80211_STA_RX_BW_40)
893 894
			continue;

895
		/* Mark MCS > 7 as unsupported if STA is in static SMPS mode */
896
		if (sta->smps_mode == IEEE80211_SMPS_STATIC &&
897 898 899
		    minstrel_mcs_groups[i].streams > 1)
			continue;

900 901
		mi->groups[i].supported =
			mcs->rx_mask[minstrel_mcs_groups[i].streams - 1];
902 903 904

		if (mi->groups[i].supported)
			n_supported++;
905
	}
906 907 908 909

	if (!n_supported)
		goto use_legacy;

910 911 912
	/* init {mi,mi->groups[*]}->{max_tp_rate,max_tp_rate2,max_prob_rate} */
	minstrel_ht_update_stats(mp, mi);

913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920
	return;

use_legacy:
	msp->is_ht = false;
	memset(&msp->legacy, 0, sizeof(msp->legacy));
	msp->legacy.r = msp->ratelist;
	msp->legacy.sample_table = msp->sample_table;
	return mac80211_minstrel.rate_init(priv, sband, sta, &msp->legacy);
921 922 923 924 925 926
}

static void
minstrel_ht_rate_init(void *priv, struct ieee80211_supported_band *sband,
                      struct ieee80211_sta *sta, void *priv_sta)
{
927
	minstrel_ht_update_caps(priv, sband, sta, priv_sta);
928 929 930 931 932
}

static void
minstrel_ht_rate_update(void *priv, struct ieee80211_supported_band *sband,
                        struct ieee80211_sta *sta, void *priv_sta,
933
                        u32 changed)
934
{
935
	minstrel_ht_update_caps(priv, sband, sta, priv_sta);
936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 949 950 951 952 953
}

static void *
minstrel_ht_alloc_sta(void *priv, struct ieee80211_sta *sta, gfp_t gfp)
{
	struct ieee80211_supported_band *sband;
	struct minstrel_ht_sta_priv *msp;
	struct minstrel_priv *mp = priv;
	struct ieee80211_hw *hw = mp->hw;
	int max_rates = 0;
	int i;

	for (i = 0; i < IEEE80211_NUM_BANDS; i++) {
		sband = hw->wiphy->bands[i];
		if (sband && sband->n_bitrates > max_rates)
			max_rates = sband->n_bitrates;
	}

954
	msp = kzalloc(sizeof(*msp), gfp);
955 956 957 958 959 960 961 962 963 964 965 966 967 968
	if (!msp)
		return NULL;

	msp->ratelist = kzalloc(sizeof(struct minstrel_rate) * max_rates, gfp);
	if (!msp->ratelist)
		goto error;

	msp->sample_table = kmalloc(SAMPLE_COLUMNS * max_rates, gfp);
	if (!msp->sample_table)
		goto error1;

	return msp;

error1:
969
	kfree(msp->ratelist);
970 971 972 973 974 975 976 977 978 979 980 981 982 983 984 985 986 987 988 989 990 991 992 993 994 995 996 997 998 999 1000 1001 1002 1003 1004 1005 1006 1007 1008 1009 1010 1011 1012 1013 1014 1015 1016 1017 1018 1019 1020 1021 1022 1023 1024 1025 1026 1027 1028 1029 1030 1031 1032 1033 1034 1035 1036 1037 1038 1039 1040 1041 1042 1043 1044 1045
error:
	kfree(msp);
	return NULL;
}

static void
minstrel_ht_free_sta(void *priv, struct ieee80211_sta *sta, void *priv_sta)
{
	struct minstrel_ht_sta_priv *msp = priv_sta;

	kfree(msp->sample_table);
	kfree(msp->ratelist);
	kfree(msp);
}

static void *
minstrel_ht_alloc(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct dentry *debugfsdir)
{
	return mac80211_minstrel.alloc(hw, debugfsdir);
}

static void
minstrel_ht_free(void *priv)
{
	mac80211_minstrel.free(priv);
}

static struct rate_control_ops mac80211_minstrel_ht = {
	.name = "minstrel_ht",
	.tx_status = minstrel_ht_tx_status,
	.get_rate = minstrel_ht_get_rate,
	.rate_init = minstrel_ht_rate_init,
	.rate_update = minstrel_ht_rate_update,
	.alloc_sta = minstrel_ht_alloc_sta,
	.free_sta = minstrel_ht_free_sta,
	.alloc = minstrel_ht_alloc,
	.free = minstrel_ht_free,
#ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_DEBUGFS
	.add_sta_debugfs = minstrel_ht_add_sta_debugfs,
	.remove_sta_debugfs = minstrel_ht_remove_sta_debugfs,
#endif
};


static void
init_sample_table(void)
{
	int col, i, new_idx;
	u8 rnd[MCS_GROUP_RATES];

	memset(sample_table, 0xff, sizeof(sample_table));
	for (col = 0; col < SAMPLE_COLUMNS; col++) {
		for (i = 0; i < MCS_GROUP_RATES; i++) {
			get_random_bytes(rnd, sizeof(rnd));
			new_idx = (i + rnd[i]) % MCS_GROUP_RATES;

			while (sample_table[col][new_idx] != 0xff)
				new_idx = (new_idx + 1) % MCS_GROUP_RATES;

			sample_table[col][new_idx] = i;
		}
	}
}

int __init
rc80211_minstrel_ht_init(void)
{
	init_sample_table();
	return ieee80211_rate_control_register(&mac80211_minstrel_ht);
}

void
rc80211_minstrel_ht_exit(void)
{
	ieee80211_rate_control_unregister(&mac80211_minstrel_ht);
}