ide-tape.c 109 KB
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/*
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 * IDE ATAPI streaming tape driver.
 *
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 * Copyright (C) 1995-1999  Gadi Oxman <gadio@netvision.net.il>
 * Copyright (C) 2003-2005  Bartlomiej Zolnierkiewicz
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 *
 * This driver was constructed as a student project in the software laboratory
 * of the faculty of electrical engineering in the Technion - Israel's
 * Institute Of Technology, with the guide of Avner Lottem and Dr. Ilana David.
 *
 * It is hereby placed under the terms of the GNU general public license.
 * (See linux/COPYING).
 *
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 * For a historical changelog see
 * Documentation/ide/ChangeLog.ide-tape.1995-2002
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 */

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#define IDETAPE_VERSION "1.20"
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#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/timer.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
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#include <linux/jiffies.h>
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#include <linux/major.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/genhd.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/pci.h>
#include <linux/ide.h>
#include <linux/smp_lock.h>
#include <linux/completion.h>
#include <linux/bitops.h>
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#include <linux/mutex.h>
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#include <scsi/scsi.h>
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#include <asm/byteorder.h>
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#include <linux/irq.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/io.h>
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#include <asm/unaligned.h>
#include <linux/mtio.h>

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enum {
	/* output errors only */
	DBG_ERR =		(1 << 0),
	/* output all sense key/asc */
	DBG_SENSE =		(1 << 1),
	/* info regarding all chrdev-related procedures */
	DBG_CHRDEV =		(1 << 2),
	/* all remaining procedures */
	DBG_PROCS =		(1 << 3),
	/* buffer alloc info (pc_stack & rq_stack) */
	DBG_PCRQ_STACK =	(1 << 4),
};

/* define to see debug info */
#define IDETAPE_DEBUG_LOG		0

#if IDETAPE_DEBUG_LOG
#define debug_log(lvl, fmt, args...)			\
{							\
	if (tape->debug_mask & lvl)			\
	printk(KERN_INFO "ide-tape: " fmt, ## args);	\
}
#else
#define debug_log(lvl, fmt, args...) do {} while (0)
#endif

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/**************************** Tunable parameters *****************************/


/*
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 * Pipelined mode parameters.
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 *
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 * We try to use the minimum number of stages which is enough to keep the tape
 * constantly streaming. To accomplish that, we implement a feedback loop around
 * the maximum number of stages:
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 *
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 * We start from MIN maximum stages (we will not even use MIN stages if we don't
 * need them), increment it by RATE*(MAX-MIN) whenever we sense that the
 * pipeline is empty, until we reach the optimum value or until we reach MAX.
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 *
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 * Setting the following parameter to 0 is illegal: the pipelined mode cannot be
 * disabled (idetape_calculate_speeds() divides by tape->max_stages.)
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 */
#define IDETAPE_MIN_PIPELINE_STAGES	  1
#define IDETAPE_MAX_PIPELINE_STAGES	400
#define IDETAPE_INCREASE_STAGES_RATE	 20

/*
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 * After each failed packet command we issue a request sense command and retry
 * the packet command IDETAPE_MAX_PC_RETRIES times.
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 *
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 * Setting IDETAPE_MAX_PC_RETRIES to 0 will disable retries.
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 */
#define IDETAPE_MAX_PC_RETRIES		3

/*
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 * With each packet command, we allocate a buffer of IDETAPE_PC_BUFFER_SIZE
 * bytes. This is used for several packet commands (Not for READ/WRITE commands)
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 */
#define IDETAPE_PC_BUFFER_SIZE		256

/*
 *	In various places in the driver, we need to allocate storage
 *	for packet commands and requests, which will remain valid while
 *	we leave the driver to wait for an interrupt or a timeout event.
 */
#define IDETAPE_PC_STACK		(10 + IDETAPE_MAX_PC_RETRIES)

/*
 * Some drives (for example, Seagate STT3401A Travan) require a very long
 * timeout, because they don't return an interrupt or clear their busy bit
 * until after the command completes (even retension commands).
 */
#define IDETAPE_WAIT_CMD		(900*HZ)

/*
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 * The following parameter is used to select the point in the internal tape fifo
 * in which we will start to refill the buffer. Decreasing the following
 * parameter will improve the system's latency and interactive response, while
 * using a high value might improve system throughput.
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 */
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#define IDETAPE_FIFO_THRESHOLD		2
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/*
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 * DSC polling parameters.
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 *
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 * Polling for DSC (a single bit in the status register) is a very important
 * function in ide-tape. There are two cases in which we poll for DSC:
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 *
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 * 1. Before a read/write packet command, to ensure that we can transfer data
 * from/to the tape's data buffers, without causing an actual media access.
 * In case the tape is not ready yet, we take out our request from the device
 * request queue, so that ide.c could service requests from the other device
 * on the same interface in the meantime.
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 *
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 * 2. After the successful initialization of a "media access packet command",
 * which is a command that can take a long time to complete (the interval can
 * range from several seconds to even an hour). Again, we postpone our request
 * in the middle to free the bus for the other device. The polling frequency
 * here should be lower than the read/write frequency since those media access
 * commands are slow. We start from a "fast" frequency - IDETAPE_DSC_MA_FAST
 * (1 second), and if we don't receive DSC after IDETAPE_DSC_MA_THRESHOLD
 * (5 min), we switch it to a lower frequency - IDETAPE_DSC_MA_SLOW (1 min).
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 *
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 * We also set a timeout for the timer, in case something goes wrong. The
 * timeout should be longer then the maximum execution time of a tape operation.
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 */
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/* DSC timings. */
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#define IDETAPE_DSC_RW_MIN		5*HZ/100	/* 50 msec */
#define IDETAPE_DSC_RW_MAX		40*HZ/100	/* 400 msec */
#define IDETAPE_DSC_RW_TIMEOUT		2*60*HZ		/* 2 minutes */
#define IDETAPE_DSC_MA_FAST		2*HZ		/* 2 seconds */
#define IDETAPE_DSC_MA_THRESHOLD	5*60*HZ		/* 5 minutes */
#define IDETAPE_DSC_MA_SLOW		30*HZ		/* 30 seconds */
#define IDETAPE_DSC_MA_TIMEOUT		2*60*60*HZ	/* 2 hours */

/*************************** End of tunable parameters ***********************/

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/* Read/Write error simulation */
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#define SIMULATE_ERRORS			0

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/* tape directions */
enum {
	IDETAPE_DIR_NONE  = (1 << 0),
	IDETAPE_DIR_READ  = (1 << 1),
	IDETAPE_DIR_WRITE = (1 << 2),
};
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struct idetape_bh {
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	u32 b_size;
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	atomic_t b_count;
	struct idetape_bh *b_reqnext;
	char *b_data;
};

typedef struct idetape_packet_command_s {
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	/* Actual packet bytes */
	u8 c[12];
	/* On each retry, we increment retries */
	int retries;
	/* Error code */
	int error;
	/* Bytes to transfer */
	int request_transfer;
	/* Bytes actually transferred */
	int actually_transferred;
	/* Size of our data buffer */
	int buffer_size;
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	struct idetape_bh *bh;
	char *b_data;
	int b_count;
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	/* Data buffer */
	u8 *buffer;
	/* Pointer into the above buffer */
	u8 *current_position;
	/* Called when this packet command is completed */
	ide_startstop_t (*callback) (ide_drive_t *);
	/* Temporary buffer */
	u8 pc_buffer[IDETAPE_PC_BUFFER_SIZE];
	/* Status/Action bit flags: long for set_bit */
	unsigned long flags;
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} idetape_pc_t;

/*
 *	Packet command flag bits.
 */
/* Set when an error is considered normal - We won't retry */
#define	PC_ABORT			0
/* 1 When polling for DSC on a media access command */
#define PC_WAIT_FOR_DSC			1
/* 1 when we prefer to use DMA if possible */
#define PC_DMA_RECOMMENDED		2
/* 1 while DMA in progress */
#define	PC_DMA_IN_PROGRESS		3
/* 1 when encountered problem during DMA */
#define	PC_DMA_ERROR			4
/* Data direction */
#define	PC_WRITING			5

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/* Tape door status */
#define DOOR_UNLOCKED			0
#define DOOR_LOCKED			1
#define DOOR_EXPLICITLY_LOCKED		2

/* Some defines for the SPACE command */
#define IDETAPE_SPACE_OVER_FILEMARK	1
#define IDETAPE_SPACE_TO_EOD		3

/* Some defines for the LOAD UNLOAD command */
#define IDETAPE_LU_LOAD_MASK		1
#define IDETAPE_LU_RETENSION_MASK	2
#define IDETAPE_LU_EOT_MASK		4

/*
 * Special requests for our block device strategy routine.
 *
 * In order to service a character device command, we add special requests to
 * the tail of our block device request queue and wait for their completion.
 */

enum {
	REQ_IDETAPE_PC1		= (1 << 0), /* packet command (first stage) */
	REQ_IDETAPE_PC2		= (1 << 1), /* packet command (second stage) */
	REQ_IDETAPE_READ	= (1 << 2),
	REQ_IDETAPE_WRITE	= (1 << 3),
};

/* Error codes returned in rq->errors to the higher part of the driver. */
#define IDETAPE_ERROR_GENERAL		101
#define IDETAPE_ERROR_FILEMARK		102
#define IDETAPE_ERROR_EOD		103

/* Structures related to the SELECT SENSE / MODE SENSE packet commands. */
#define IDETAPE_BLOCK_DESCRIPTOR	0
#define IDETAPE_CAPABILITIES_PAGE	0x2a

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/* A pipeline stage. */
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typedef struct idetape_stage_s {
	struct request rq;			/* The corresponding request */
	struct idetape_bh *bh;			/* The data buffers */
	struct idetape_stage_s *next;		/* Pointer to the next stage */
} idetape_stage_t;

/*
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 * Most of our global data which we need to save even as we leave the driver due
 * to an interrupt or a timer event is stored in the struct defined below.
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 */
typedef struct ide_tape_obj {
	ide_drive_t	*drive;
	ide_driver_t	*driver;
	struct gendisk	*disk;
	struct kref	kref;

	/*
	 *	Since a typical character device operation requires more
	 *	than one packet command, we provide here enough memory
	 *	for the maximum of interconnected packet commands.
	 *	The packet commands are stored in the circular array pc_stack.
	 *	pc_stack_index points to the last used entry, and warps around
	 *	to the start when we get to the last array entry.
	 *
	 *	pc points to the current processed packet command.
	 *
	 *	failed_pc points to the last failed packet command, or contains
	 *	NULL if we do not need to retry any packet command. This is
	 *	required since an additional packet command is needed before the
	 *	retry, to get detailed information on what went wrong.
	 */
	/* Current packet command */
	idetape_pc_t *pc;
	/* Last failed packet command */
	idetape_pc_t *failed_pc;
	/* Packet command stack */
	idetape_pc_t pc_stack[IDETAPE_PC_STACK];
	/* Next free packet command storage space */
	int pc_stack_index;
	struct request rq_stack[IDETAPE_PC_STACK];
	/* We implement a circular array */
	int rq_stack_index;

	/*
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	 * DSC polling variables.
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	 *
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	 * While polling for DSC we use postponed_rq to postpone the current
	 * request so that ide.c will be able to service pending requests on the
	 * other device. Note that at most we will have only one DSC (usually
	 * data transfer) request in the device request queue. Additional
	 * requests can be queued in our internal pipeline, but they will be
	 * visible to ide.c only one at a time.
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	 */
	struct request *postponed_rq;
	/* The time in which we started polling for DSC */
	unsigned long dsc_polling_start;
	/* Timer used to poll for dsc */
	struct timer_list dsc_timer;
	/* Read/Write dsc polling frequency */
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	unsigned long best_dsc_rw_freq;
	unsigned long dsc_poll_freq;
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	unsigned long dsc_timeout;

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	/* Read position information */
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	u8 partition;
	/* Current block */
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	unsigned int first_frame;
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	/* Last error information */
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	u8 sense_key, asc, ascq;

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	/* Character device operation */
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	unsigned int minor;
	/* device name */
	char name[4];
	/* Current character device data transfer direction */
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	u8 chrdev_dir;
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	/* tape block size, usually 512 or 1024 bytes */
	unsigned short blk_size;
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	int user_bs_factor;
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	/* Copy of the tape's Capabilities and Mechanical Page */
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	u8 caps[20];
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	/*
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	 * Active data transfer request parameters.
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	 *
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	 * At most, there is only one ide-tape originated data transfer request
	 * in the device request queue. This allows ide.c to easily service
	 * requests from the other device when we postpone our active request.
	 * In the pipelined operation mode, we use our internal pipeline
	 * structure to hold more data requests. The data buffer size is chosen
	 * based on the tape's recommendation.
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	 */
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	/* ptr to the request which is waiting in the device request queue */
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	struct request *active_data_rq;
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	/* Data buffer size chosen based on the tape's recommendation */
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	int stage_size;
	idetape_stage_t *merge_stage;
	int merge_stage_size;
	struct idetape_bh *bh;
	char *b_data;
	int b_count;
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	/*
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	 * Pipeline parameters.
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	 *
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	 * To accomplish non-pipelined mode, we simply set the following
	 * variables to zero (or NULL, where appropriate).
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	 */
	/* Number of currently used stages */
	int nr_stages;
	/* Number of pending stages */
	int nr_pending_stages;
	/* We will not allocate more than this number of stages */
	int max_stages, min_pipeline, max_pipeline;
	/* The first stage which will be removed from the pipeline */
	idetape_stage_t *first_stage;
	/* The currently active stage */
	idetape_stage_t *active_stage;
	/* Will be serviced after the currently active request */
	idetape_stage_t *next_stage;
	/* New requests will be added to the pipeline here */
	idetape_stage_t *last_stage;
	/* Optional free stage which we can use */
	idetape_stage_t *cache_stage;
	int pages_per_stage;
	/* Wasted space in each stage */
	int excess_bh_size;

	/* Status/Action flags: long for set_bit */
	unsigned long flags;
	/* protects the ide-tape queue */
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	spinlock_t lock;
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	/* Measures average tape speed */
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	unsigned long avg_time;
	int avg_size;
	int avg_speed;

	/* the door is currently locked */
	int door_locked;
	/* the tape hardware is write protected */
	char drv_write_prot;
	/* the tape is write protected (hardware or opened as read-only) */
	char write_prot;

	/*
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	 * Limit the number of times a request can be postponed, to avoid an
	 * infinite postpone deadlock.
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	 */
	int postpone_cnt;

	/*
	 * Measures number of frames:
	 *
	 * 1. written/read to/from the driver pipeline (pipeline_head).
	 * 2. written/read to/from the tape buffers (idetape_bh).
	 * 3. written/read by the tape to/from the media (tape_head).
	 */
	int pipeline_head;
	int buffer_head;
	int tape_head;
	int last_tape_head;

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	/* Speed control at the tape buffers input/output */
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	unsigned long insert_time;
	int insert_size;
	int insert_speed;
	int max_insert_speed;
	int measure_insert_time;

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	/* Speed regulation negative feedback loop */
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	int speed_control;
	int pipeline_head_speed;
	int controlled_pipeline_head_speed;
	int uncontrolled_pipeline_head_speed;
	int controlled_last_pipeline_head;
	unsigned long uncontrolled_pipeline_head_time;
	unsigned long controlled_pipeline_head_time;
	int controlled_previous_pipeline_head;
	int uncontrolled_previous_pipeline_head;
	unsigned long controlled_previous_head_time;
	unsigned long uncontrolled_previous_head_time;
	int restart_speed_control_req;

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	u32 debug_mask;
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} idetape_tape_t;

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static DEFINE_MUTEX(idetape_ref_mutex);
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static struct class *idetape_sysfs_class;

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#define to_ide_tape(obj) container_of(obj, struct ide_tape_obj, kref)

#define ide_tape_g(disk) \
	container_of((disk)->private_data, struct ide_tape_obj, driver)

static struct ide_tape_obj *ide_tape_get(struct gendisk *disk)
{
	struct ide_tape_obj *tape = NULL;

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	mutex_lock(&idetape_ref_mutex);
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	tape = ide_tape_g(disk);
	if (tape)
		kref_get(&tape->kref);
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	mutex_unlock(&idetape_ref_mutex);
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	return tape;
}

static void ide_tape_release(struct kref *);

static void ide_tape_put(struct ide_tape_obj *tape)
{
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	mutex_lock(&idetape_ref_mutex);
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	kref_put(&tape->kref, ide_tape_release);
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	mutex_unlock(&idetape_ref_mutex);
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}

/*
 *	Tape flag bits values.
 */
#define IDETAPE_IGNORE_DSC		0
#define IDETAPE_ADDRESS_VALID		1	/* 0 When the tape position is unknown */
#define IDETAPE_BUSY			2	/* Device already opened */
#define IDETAPE_PIPELINE_ERROR		3	/* Error detected in a pipeline stage */
#define IDETAPE_DETECT_BS		4	/* Attempt to auto-detect the current user block size */
#define IDETAPE_FILEMARK		5	/* Currently on a filemark */
#define IDETAPE_DRQ_INTERRUPT		6	/* DRQ interrupt device */
#define IDETAPE_READ_ERROR		7
#define IDETAPE_PIPELINE_ACTIVE		8	/* pipeline active */
/* 0 = no tape is loaded, so we don't rewind after ejecting */
#define IDETAPE_MEDIUM_PRESENT		9

/*
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 * The variables below are used for the character device interface. Additional
 * state variables are defined in our ide_drive_t structure.
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 */
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static struct ide_tape_obj *idetape_devs[MAX_HWIFS * MAX_DRIVES];
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#define ide_tape_f(file) ((file)->private_data)

static struct ide_tape_obj *ide_tape_chrdev_get(unsigned int i)
{
	struct ide_tape_obj *tape = NULL;

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	mutex_lock(&idetape_ref_mutex);
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	tape = idetape_devs[i];
	if (tape)
		kref_get(&tape->kref);
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	mutex_unlock(&idetape_ref_mutex);
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	return tape;
}

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static void idetape_input_buffers(ide_drive_t *drive, idetape_pc_t *pc,
				  unsigned int bcount)
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{
	struct idetape_bh *bh = pc->bh;
	int count;

	while (bcount) {
		if (bh == NULL) {
			printk(KERN_ERR "ide-tape: bh == NULL in "
				"idetape_input_buffers\n");
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			ide_atapi_discard_data(drive, bcount);
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			return;
		}
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		count = min(
			(unsigned int)(bh->b_size - atomic_read(&bh->b_count)),
			bcount);
		HWIF(drive)->atapi_input_bytes(drive, bh->b_data +
					atomic_read(&bh->b_count), count);
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		bcount -= count;
		atomic_add(count, &bh->b_count);
		if (atomic_read(&bh->b_count) == bh->b_size) {
			bh = bh->b_reqnext;
			if (bh)
				atomic_set(&bh->b_count, 0);
		}
	}
	pc->bh = bh;
}

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static void idetape_output_buffers(ide_drive_t *drive, idetape_pc_t *pc,
				   unsigned int bcount)
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{
	struct idetape_bh *bh = pc->bh;
	int count;

	while (bcount) {
		if (bh == NULL) {
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			printk(KERN_ERR "ide-tape: bh == NULL in %s\n",
					__func__);
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			return;
		}
		count = min((unsigned int)pc->b_count, (unsigned int)bcount);
		HWIF(drive)->atapi_output_bytes(drive, pc->b_data, count);
		bcount -= count;
		pc->b_data += count;
		pc->b_count -= count;
		if (!pc->b_count) {
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			bh = bh->b_reqnext;
			pc->bh = bh;
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			if (bh) {
				pc->b_data = bh->b_data;
				pc->b_count = atomic_read(&bh->b_count);
			}
		}
	}
}

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static void idetape_update_buffers(idetape_pc_t *pc)
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{
	struct idetape_bh *bh = pc->bh;
	int count;
	unsigned int bcount = pc->actually_transferred;

	if (test_bit(PC_WRITING, &pc->flags))
		return;
	while (bcount) {
		if (bh == NULL) {
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			printk(KERN_ERR "ide-tape: bh == NULL in %s\n",
					__func__);
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			return;
		}
		count = min((unsigned int)bh->b_size, (unsigned int)bcount);
		atomic_set(&bh->b_count, count);
		if (atomic_read(&bh->b_count) == bh->b_size)
			bh = bh->b_reqnext;
		bcount -= count;
	}
	pc->bh = bh;
}

/*
 *	idetape_next_pc_storage returns a pointer to a place in which we can
 *	safely store a packet command, even though we intend to leave the
 *	driver. A storage space for a maximum of IDETAPE_PC_STACK packet
 *	commands is allocated at initialization time.
 */
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static idetape_pc_t *idetape_next_pc_storage(ide_drive_t *drive)
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{
	idetape_tape_t *tape = drive->driver_data;

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	debug_log(DBG_PCRQ_STACK, "pc_stack_index=%d\n", tape->pc_stack_index);

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	if (tape->pc_stack_index == IDETAPE_PC_STACK)
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		tape->pc_stack_index = 0;
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	return (&tape->pc_stack[tape->pc_stack_index++]);
}

/*
 *	idetape_next_rq_storage is used along with idetape_next_pc_storage.
 *	Since we queue packet commands in the request queue, we need to
 *	allocate a request, along with the allocation of a packet command.
 */
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/**************************************************************
 *                                                            *
 *  This should get fixed to use kmalloc(.., GFP_ATOMIC)      *
 *  followed later on by kfree().   -ml                       *
 *                                                            *
 **************************************************************/
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static struct request *idetape_next_rq_storage(ide_drive_t *drive)
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{
	idetape_tape_t *tape = drive->driver_data;

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	debug_log(DBG_PCRQ_STACK, "rq_stack_index=%d\n", tape->rq_stack_index);

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	if (tape->rq_stack_index == IDETAPE_PC_STACK)
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		tape->rq_stack_index = 0;
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	return (&tape->rq_stack[tape->rq_stack_index++]);
}

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static void idetape_init_pc(idetape_pc_t *pc)
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{
	memset(pc->c, 0, 12);
	pc->retries = 0;
	pc->flags = 0;
	pc->request_transfer = 0;
	pc->buffer = pc->pc_buffer;
	pc->buffer_size = IDETAPE_PC_BUFFER_SIZE;
	pc->bh = NULL;
	pc->b_data = NULL;
}

/*
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 * called on each failed packet command retry to analyze the request sense. We
 * currently do not utilize this information.
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 */
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static void idetape_analyze_error(ide_drive_t *drive, u8 *sense)
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{
	idetape_tape_t *tape = drive->driver_data;
	idetape_pc_t *pc = tape->failed_pc;

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	tape->sense_key = sense[2] & 0xF;
	tape->asc       = sense[12];
	tape->ascq      = sense[13];
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	debug_log(DBG_ERR, "pc = %x, sense key = %x, asc = %x, ascq = %x\n",
		 pc->c[0], tape->sense_key, tape->asc, tape->ascq);
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	/* Correct pc->actually_transferred by asking the tape.	 */
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	if (test_bit(PC_DMA_ERROR, &pc->flags)) {
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		pc->actually_transferred = pc->request_transfer -
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			tape->blk_size *
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			be32_to_cpu(get_unaligned((u32 *)&sense[3]));
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		idetape_update_buffers(pc);
	}

	/*
	 * If error was the result of a zero-length read or write command,
	 * with sense key=5, asc=0x22, ascq=0, let it slide.  Some drives
	 * (i.e. Seagate STT3401A Travan) don't support 0-length read/writes.
	 */
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	if ((pc->c[0] == READ_6 || pc->c[0] == WRITE_6)
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	    /* length == 0 */
	    && pc->c[4] == 0 && pc->c[3] == 0 && pc->c[2] == 0) {
		if (tape->sense_key == 5) {
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			/* don't report an error, everything's ok */
			pc->error = 0;
			/* don't retry read/write */
			set_bit(PC_ABORT, &pc->flags);
		}
	}
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	if (pc->c[0] == READ_6 && (sense[2] & 0x80)) {
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		pc->error = IDETAPE_ERROR_FILEMARK;
		set_bit(PC_ABORT, &pc->flags);
	}
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	if (pc->c[0] == WRITE_6) {
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		if ((sense[2] & 0x40) || (tape->sense_key == 0xd
		     && tape->asc == 0x0 && tape->ascq == 0x2)) {
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			pc->error = IDETAPE_ERROR_EOD;
			set_bit(PC_ABORT, &pc->flags);
		}
	}
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	if (pc->c[0] == READ_6 || pc->c[0] == WRITE_6) {
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		if (tape->sense_key == 8) {
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			pc->error = IDETAPE_ERROR_EOD;
			set_bit(PC_ABORT, &pc->flags);
		}
		if (!test_bit(PC_ABORT, &pc->flags) &&
		    pc->actually_transferred)
			pc->retries = IDETAPE_MAX_PC_RETRIES + 1;
	}
}

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static void idetape_activate_next_stage(ide_drive_t *drive)
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{
	idetape_tape_t *tape = drive->driver_data;
	idetape_stage_t *stage = tape->next_stage;
	struct request *rq = &stage->rq;

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	debug_log(DBG_PROCS, "Enter %s\n", __func__);

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	if (stage == NULL) {
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		printk(KERN_ERR "ide-tape: bug: Trying to activate a non"
				" existing stage\n");
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		return;
	}

	rq->rq_disk = tape->disk;
	rq->buffer = NULL;
	rq->special = (void *)stage->bh;
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	tape->active_data_rq = rq;
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	tape->active_stage = stage;
	tape->next_stage = stage->next;
}

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/* Free a stage along with its related buffers completely. */
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static void __idetape_kfree_stage(idetape_stage_t *stage)
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{
	struct idetape_bh *prev_bh, *bh = stage->bh;
	int size;

	while (bh != NULL) {
		if (bh->b_data != NULL) {
			size = (int) bh->b_size;
			while (size > 0) {
				free_page((unsigned long) bh->b_data);
				size -= PAGE_SIZE;
				bh->b_data += PAGE_SIZE;
			}
		}
		prev_bh = bh;
		bh = bh->b_reqnext;
		kfree(prev_bh);
	}
	kfree(stage);
}

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static void idetape_kfree_stage(idetape_tape_t *tape, idetape_stage_t *stage)
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{
	__idetape_kfree_stage(stage);
}

/*
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 * Remove tape->first_stage from the pipeline. The caller should avoid race
 * conditions.
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 */
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static void idetape_remove_stage_head(ide_drive_t *drive)
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{
	idetape_tape_t *tape = drive->driver_data;
	idetape_stage_t *stage;
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	debug_log(DBG_PROCS, "Enter %s\n", __func__);

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	if (tape->first_stage == NULL) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "ide-tape: bug: tape->first_stage is NULL\n");
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		return;
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	}
	if (tape->active_stage == tape->first_stage) {
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		printk(KERN_ERR "ide-tape: bug: Trying to free our active "
				"pipeline stage\n");
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		return;
	}
	stage = tape->first_stage;
	tape->first_stage = stage->next;
	idetape_kfree_stage(tape, stage);
	tape->nr_stages--;
	if (tape->first_stage == NULL) {
		tape->last_stage = NULL;
		if (tape->next_stage != NULL)
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			printk(KERN_ERR "ide-tape: bug: tape->next_stage !="
					" NULL\n");
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		if (tape->nr_stages)
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			printk(KERN_ERR "ide-tape: bug: nr_stages should be 0 "
					"now\n");
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	}
}

/*
 * This will free all the pipeline stages starting from new_last_stage->next
 * to the end of the list, and point tape->last_stage to new_last_stage.
 */
static void idetape_abort_pipeline(ide_drive_t *drive,
				   idetape_stage_t *new_last_stage)
{
	idetape_tape_t *tape = drive->driver_data;
	idetape_stage_t *stage = new_last_stage->next;
	idetape_stage_t *nstage;

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	debug_log(DBG_PROCS, "%s: Enter %s\n", tape->name, __func__);

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	while (stage) {
		nstage = stage->next;
		idetape_kfree_stage(tape, stage);
		--tape->nr_stages;
		--tape->nr_pending_stages;
		stage = nstage;
	}
	if (new_last_stage)
		new_last_stage->next = NULL;
	tape->last_stage = new_last_stage;
	tape->next_stage = NULL;
}

/*
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 * Finish servicing a request and insert a pending pipeline request into the
 * main device queue.
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 */
static int idetape_end_request(ide_drive_t *drive, int uptodate, int nr_sects)
{
	struct request *rq = HWGROUP(drive)->rq;
	idetape_tape_t *tape = drive->driver_data;
	unsigned long flags;
	int error;
	int remove_stage = 0;
	idetape_stage_t *active_stage;

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	debug_log(DBG_PROCS, "Enter %s\n", __func__);
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	switch (uptodate) {
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	case 0:	error = IDETAPE_ERROR_GENERAL; break;
	case 1: error = 0; break;
	default: error = uptodate;
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	}
	rq->errors = error;
	if (error)
		tape->failed_pc = NULL;

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	if (!blk_special_request(rq)) {
		ide_end_request(drive, uptodate, nr_sects);
		return 0;
	}

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	spin_lock_irqsave(&tape->lock, flags);
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	/* The request was a pipelined data transfer request */
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	if (tape->active_data_rq == rq) {
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		active_stage = tape->active_stage;
		tape->active_stage = NULL;
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		tape->active_data_rq = NULL;
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		tape->nr_pending_stages--;
		if (rq->cmd[0] & REQ_IDETAPE_WRITE) {
			remove_stage = 1;
			if (error) {
				set_bit(IDETAPE_PIPELINE_ERROR, &tape->flags);
				if (error == IDETAPE_ERROR_EOD)
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					idetape_abort_pipeline(drive,
								active_stage);
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			}
		} else if (rq->cmd[0] & REQ_IDETAPE_READ) {
			if (error == IDETAPE_ERROR_EOD) {
				set_bit(IDETAPE_PIPELINE_ERROR, &tape->flags);
				idetape_abort_pipeline(drive, active_stage);
			}
		}
		if (tape->next_stage != NULL) {
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			idetape_activate_next_stage(drive);
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			/* Insert the next request into the request queue. */
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			(void)ide_do_drive_cmd(drive, tape->active_data_rq,
						ide_end);
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		} else if (!error) {
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			/*
			 * This is a part of the feedback loop which tries to
			 * find the optimum number of stages. We are starting
			 * from a minimum maximum number of stages, and if we
			 * sense that the pipeline is empty, we try to increase
			 * it, until we reach the user compile time memory
			 * limit.
			 */
			int i = (tape->max_pipeline - tape->min_pipeline) / 10;

			tape->max_stages += max(i, 1);
			tape->max_stages = max(tape->max_stages,
						tape->min_pipeline);
			tape->max_stages = min(tape->max_stages,
						tape->max_pipeline);
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		}
	}
	ide_end_drive_cmd(drive, 0, 0);

	if (remove_stage)
		idetape_remove_stage_head(drive);
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	if (tape->active_data_rq == NULL)
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		clear_bit(IDETAPE_PIPELINE_ACTIVE, &tape->flags);
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	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tape->lock, flags);
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	return 0;
}

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static ide_startstop_t idetape_request_sense_callback(ide_drive_t *drive)
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{
	idetape_tape_t *tape = drive->driver_data;

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	debug_log(DBG_PROCS, "Enter %s\n", __func__);

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	if (!tape->pc->error) {
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		idetape_analyze_error(drive, tape->pc->buffer);
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		idetape_end_request(drive, 1, 0);
	} else {
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		printk(KERN_ERR "ide-tape: Error in REQUEST SENSE itself - "
				"Aborting request!\n");
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		idetape_end_request(drive, 0, 0);
	}
	return ide_stopped;
}

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static void idetape_create_request_sense_cmd(idetape_pc_t *pc)
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{
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	idetape_init_pc(pc);
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	pc->c[0] = REQUEST_SENSE;
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	pc->c[4] = 20;
	pc->request_transfer = 20;
	pc->callback = &idetape_request_sense_callback;
}

static void idetape_init_rq(struct request *rq, u8 cmd)
{
	memset(rq, 0, sizeof(*rq));
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	rq->cmd_type = REQ_TYPE_SPECIAL;
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	rq->cmd[0] = cmd;
}

/*
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 * Generate a new packet command request in front of the request queue, before
 * the current request, so that it will be processed immediately, on the next
 * pass through the driver. The function below is called from the request
 * handling part of the driver (the "bottom" part). Safe storage for the request
 * should be allocated with ide_tape_next_{pc,rq}_storage() prior to that.
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 *
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 * Memory for those requests is pre-allocated at initialization time, and is
 * limited to IDETAPE_PC_STACK requests. We assume that we have enough space for
 * the maximum possible number of inter-dependent packet commands.
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 *
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 * The higher level of the driver - The ioctl handler and the character device
 * handling functions should queue request to the lower level part and wait for
 * their completion using idetape_queue_pc_tail or idetape_queue_rw_tail.
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 */
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static void idetape_queue_pc_head(ide_drive_t *drive, idetape_pc_t *pc,
				  struct request *rq)
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{
	struct ide_tape_obj *tape = drive->driver_data;

	idetape_init_rq(rq, REQ_IDETAPE_PC1);
	rq->buffer = (char *) pc;
	rq->rq_disk = tape->disk;
	(void) ide_do_drive_cmd(drive, rq, ide_preempt);
}

/*
 *	idetape_retry_pc is called when an error was detected during the
 *	last packet command. We queue a request sense packet command in
 *	the head of the request list.
 */
static ide_startstop_t idetape_retry_pc (ide_drive_t *drive)
{
	idetape_tape_t *tape = drive->driver_data;
	idetape_pc_t *pc;
	struct request *rq;

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	(void)ide_read_error(drive);
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	pc = idetape_next_pc_storage(drive);
	rq = idetape_next_rq_storage(drive);
	idetape_create_request_sense_cmd(pc);
	set_bit(IDETAPE_IGNORE_DSC, &tape->flags);
	idetape_queue_pc_head(drive, pc, rq);
	return ide_stopped;
}

/*
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 * Postpone the current request so that ide.c will be able to service requests
 * from another device on the same hwgroup while we are polling for DSC.
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 */
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static void idetape_postpone_request(ide_drive_t *drive)
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{
	idetape_tape_t *tape = drive->driver_data;

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	debug_log(DBG_PROCS, "Enter %s\n", __func__);

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	tape->postponed_rq = HWGROUP(drive)->rq;
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	ide_stall_queue(drive, tape->dsc_poll_freq);
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}

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typedef void idetape_io_buf(ide_drive_t *, idetape_pc_t *, unsigned int);

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/*
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 * This is the usual interrupt handler which will be called during a packet
 * command. We will transfer some of the data (as requested by the drive) and
 * will re-point interrupt handler to us. When data transfer is finished, we
 * will act according to the algorithm described before
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 * idetape_issue_pc.
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 */
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static ide_startstop_t idetape_pc_intr(ide_drive_t *drive)
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{
	ide_hwif_t *hwif = drive->hwif;
	idetape_tape_t *tape = drive->driver_data;
	idetape_pc_t *pc = tape->pc;
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	xfer_func_t *xferfunc;
	idetape_io_buf *iobuf;
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	unsigned int temp;
#if SIMULATE_ERRORS
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	static int error_sim_count;
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#endif
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	u16 bcount;
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	u8 stat, ireason;
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	debug_log(DBG_PROCS, "Enter %s - interrupt handler\n", __func__);
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	/* Clear the interrupt */
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	stat = ide_read_status(drive);
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	if (test_bit(PC_DMA_IN_PROGRESS, &pc->flags)) {
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		if (hwif->ide_dma_end(drive) || (stat & ERR_STAT)) {
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			/*
			 * A DMA error is sometimes expected. For example,
			 * if the tape is crossing a filemark during a
			 * READ command, it will issue an irq and position
			 * itself before the filemark, so that only a partial
			 * data transfer will occur (which causes the DMA
			 * error). In that case, we will later ask the tape
			 * how much bytes of the original request were
			 * actually transferred (we can't receive that
			 * information from the DMA engine on most chipsets).
			 */

			/*
			 * On the contrary, a DMA error is never expected;
			 * it usually indicates a hardware error or abort.
			 * If the tape crosses a filemark during a READ
			 * command, it will issue an irq and position itself
			 * after the filemark (not before). Only a partial
			 * data transfer will occur, but no DMA error.
			 * (AS, 19 Apr 2001)
			 */
			set_bit(PC_DMA_ERROR, &pc->flags);
		} else {
			pc->actually_transferred = pc->request_transfer;
			idetape_update_buffers(pc);
		}
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		debug_log(DBG_PROCS, "DMA finished\n");

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	}

	/* No more interrupts */
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	if ((stat & DRQ_STAT) == 0) {
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		debug_log(DBG_SENSE, "Packet command completed, %d bytes"
				" transferred\n", pc->actually_transferred);
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		clear_bit(PC_DMA_IN_PROGRESS, &pc->flags);
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		local_irq_enable();

#if SIMULATE_ERRORS
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		if ((pc->c[0] == WRITE_6 || pc->c[0] == READ_6) &&
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		    (++error_sim_count % 100) == 0) {
			printk(KERN_INFO "ide-tape: %s: simulating error\n",
				tape->name);
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			stat |= ERR_STAT;
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		}
#endif
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		if ((stat & ERR_STAT) && pc->c[0] == REQUEST_SENSE)
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			stat &= ~ERR_STAT;
		if ((stat & ERR_STAT) || test_bit(PC_DMA_ERROR, &pc->flags)) {
			/* Error detected */
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			debug_log(DBG_ERR, "%s: I/O error\n", tape->name);

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			if (pc->c[0] == REQUEST_SENSE) {
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				printk(KERN_ERR "ide-tape: I/O error in request"
						" sense command\n");
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				return ide_do_reset(drive);
			}
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			debug_log(DBG_ERR, "[cmd %x]: check condition\n",
					pc->c[0]);

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			/* Retry operation */
			return idetape_retry_pc(drive);
		}
		pc->error = 0;
		if (test_bit(PC_WAIT_FOR_DSC, &pc->flags) &&
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		    (stat & SEEK_STAT) == 0) {
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			/* Media access command */
			tape->dsc_polling_start = jiffies;
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			tape->dsc_poll_freq = IDETAPE_DSC_MA_FAST;
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			tape->dsc_timeout = jiffies + IDETAPE_DSC_MA_TIMEOUT;
			/* Allow ide.c to handle other requests */
			idetape_postpone_request(drive);
			return ide_stopped;
		}
		if (tape->failed_pc == pc)
			tape->failed_pc = NULL;
		/* Command finished - Call the callback function */
		return pc->callback(drive);
	}
	if (test_and_clear_bit(PC_DMA_IN_PROGRESS, &pc->flags)) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "ide-tape: The tape wants to issue more "
				"interrupts in DMA mode\n");
		printk(KERN_ERR "ide-tape: DMA disabled, reverting to PIO\n");
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		ide_dma_off(drive);
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		return ide_do_reset(drive);
	}
	/* Get the number of bytes to transfer on this interrupt. */
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	bcount = (hwif->INB(hwif->io_ports[IDE_BCOUNTH_OFFSET]) << 8) |
		  hwif->INB(hwif->io_ports[IDE_BCOUNTL_OFFSET]);
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	ireason = hwif->INB(hwif->io_ports[IDE_IREASON_OFFSET]);
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	if (ireason & CD) {
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		printk(KERN_ERR "ide-tape: CoD != 0 in %s\n", __func__);
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		return ide_do_reset(drive);
	}
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	if (((ireason & IO) == IO) == test_bit(PC_WRITING, &pc->flags)) {
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		/* Hopefully, we will never get here */
		printk(KERN_ERR "ide-tape: We wanted to %s, ",
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				(ireason & IO) ? "Write" : "Read");
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		printk(KERN_ERR "ide-tape: but the tape wants us to %s !\n",
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				(ireason & IO) ? "Read" : "Write");
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		return ide_do_reset(drive);
	}
	if (!test_bit(PC_WRITING, &pc->flags)) {
		/* Reading - Check that we have enough space */
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		temp = pc->actually_transferred + bcount;
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		if (temp > pc->request_transfer) {
			if (temp > pc->buffer_size) {
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				printk(KERN_ERR "ide-tape: The tape wants to "
					"send us more data than expected "
					"- discarding data\n");
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				ide_atapi_discard_data(drive, bcount);
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				ide_set_handler(drive, &idetape_pc_intr,
						IDETAPE_WAIT_CMD, NULL);
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				return ide_started;
			}
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			debug_log(DBG_SENSE, "The tape wants to send us more "
				"data than expected - allowing transfer\n");
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		}
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		iobuf = &idetape_input_buffers;
		xferfunc = hwif->atapi_input_bytes;
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	} else {
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		iobuf = &idetape_output_buffers;
		xferfunc = hwif->atapi_output_bytes;
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	}
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	if (pc->bh)
		iobuf(drive, pc, bcount);
	else
		xferfunc(drive, pc->current_position, bcount);

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	/* Update the current position */
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	pc->actually_transferred += bcount;
	pc->current_position += bcount;
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	debug_log(DBG_SENSE, "[cmd %x] transferred %d bytes on that intr.\n",
			pc->c[0], bcount);

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	/* And set the interrupt handler again */
	ide_set_handler(drive, &idetape_pc_intr, IDETAPE_WAIT_CMD, NULL);
	return ide_started;
}

/*
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 * Packet Command Interface
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 *
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 * The current Packet Command is available in tape->pc, and will not change
 * until we finish handling it. Each packet command is associated with a
 * callback function that will be called when the command is finished.
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 *
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 * The handling will be done in three stages:
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 *
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 * 1. idetape_issue_pc will send the packet command to the drive, and will set
 * the interrupt handler to idetape_pc_intr.
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 *
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 * 2. On each interrupt, idetape_pc_intr will be called. This step will be
 * repeated until the device signals us that no more interrupts will be issued.
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 *
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 * 3. ATAPI Tape media access commands have immediate status with a delayed
 * process. In case of a successful initiation of a media access packet command,
 * the DSC bit will be set when the actual execution of the command is finished.
 * Since the tape drive will not issue an interrupt, we have to poll for this
 * event. In this case, we define the request as "low priority request" by
 * setting rq_status to IDETAPE_RQ_POSTPONED, set a timer to poll for DSC and
 * exit the driver.
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 *
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 * ide.c will then give higher priority to requests which originate from the
 * other device, until will change rq_status to RQ_ACTIVE.
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 *
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 * 4. When the packet command is finished, it will be checked for errors.
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 *
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 * 5. In case an error was found, we queue a request sense packet command in
 * front of the request queue and retry the operation up to
 * IDETAPE_MAX_PC_RETRIES times.
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 *
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 * 6. In case no error was found, or we decided to give up and not to retry
 * again, the callback function will be called and then we will handle the next
 * request.
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 */
static ide_startstop_t idetape_transfer_pc(ide_drive_t *drive)
{
	ide_hwif_t *hwif = drive->hwif;
	idetape_tape_t *tape = drive->driver_data;
	idetape_pc_t *pc = tape->pc;
	int retries = 100;
	ide_startstop_t startstop;
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	u8 ireason;
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	if (ide_wait_stat(&startstop, drive, DRQ_STAT, BUSY_STAT, WAIT_READY)) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "ide-tape: Strange, packet command initiated "
				"yet DRQ isn't asserted\n");
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		return startstop;
	}
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	ireason = hwif->INB(hwif->io_ports[IDE_IREASON_OFFSET]);
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	while (retries-- && ((ireason & CD) == 0 || (ireason & IO))) {
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		printk(KERN_ERR "ide-tape: (IO,CoD != (0,1) while issuing "
				"a packet command, retrying\n");
		udelay(100);
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		ireason = hwif->INB(hwif->io_ports[IDE_IREASON_OFFSET]);
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		if (retries == 0) {
			printk(KERN_ERR "ide-tape: (IO,CoD != (0,1) while "
					"issuing a packet command, ignoring\n");
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			ireason |= CD;
			ireason &= ~IO;
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