raid5.h 11 KB
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#ifndef _RAID5_H
#define _RAID5_H

#include <linux/raid/md.h>
#include <linux/raid/xor.h>

/*
 *
 * Each stripe contains one buffer per disc.  Each buffer can be in
 * one of a number of states stored in "flags".  Changes between
 * these states happen *almost* exclusively under a per-stripe
 * spinlock.  Some very specific changes can happen in bi_end_io, and
 * these are not protected by the spin lock.
 *
 * The flag bits that are used to represent these states are:
 *   R5_UPTODATE and R5_LOCKED
 *
 * State Empty == !UPTODATE, !LOCK
 *        We have no data, and there is no active request
 * State Want == !UPTODATE, LOCK
 *        A read request is being submitted for this block
 * State Dirty == UPTODATE, LOCK
 *        Some new data is in this buffer, and it is being written out
 * State Clean == UPTODATE, !LOCK
 *        We have valid data which is the same as on disc
 *
 * The possible state transitions are:
 *
 *  Empty -> Want   - on read or write to get old data for  parity calc
 *  Empty -> Dirty  - on compute_parity to satisfy write/sync request.(RECONSTRUCT_WRITE)
 *  Empty -> Clean  - on compute_block when computing a block for failed drive
 *  Want  -> Empty  - on failed read
 *  Want  -> Clean  - on successful completion of read request
 *  Dirty -> Clean  - on successful completion of write request
 *  Dirty -> Clean  - on failed write
 *  Clean -> Dirty  - on compute_parity to satisfy write/sync (RECONSTRUCT or RMW)
 *
 * The Want->Empty, Want->Clean, Dirty->Clean, transitions
 * all happen in b_end_io at interrupt time.
 * Each sets the Uptodate bit before releasing the Lock bit.
 * This leaves one multi-stage transition:
 *    Want->Dirty->Clean
 * This is safe because thinking that a Clean buffer is actually dirty
 * will at worst delay some action, and the stripe will be scheduled
 * for attention after the transition is complete.
 *
 * There is one possibility that is not covered by these states.  That
 * is if one drive has failed and there is a spare being rebuilt.  We
 * can't distinguish between a clean block that has been generated
 * from parity calculations, and a clean block that has been
 * successfully written to the spare ( or to parity when resyncing).
 * To distingush these states we have a stripe bit STRIPE_INSYNC that
 * is set whenever a write is scheduled to the spare, or to the parity
 * disc if there is no spare.  A sync request clears this bit, and
 * when we find it set with no buffers locked, we know the sync is
 * complete.
 *
 * Buffers for the md device that arrive via make_request are attached
 * to the appropriate stripe in one of two lists linked on b_reqnext.
 * One list (bh_read) for read requests, one (bh_write) for write.
 * There should never be more than one buffer on the two lists
 * together, but we are not guaranteed of that so we allow for more.
 *
 * If a buffer is on the read list when the associated cache buffer is
 * Uptodate, the data is copied into the read buffer and it's b_end_io
 * routine is called.  This may happen in the end_request routine only
 * if the buffer has just successfully been read.  end_request should
 * remove the buffers from the list and then set the Uptodate bit on
 * the buffer.  Other threads may do this only if they first check
 * that the Uptodate bit is set.  Once they have checked that they may
 * take buffers off the read queue.
 *
 * When a buffer on the write list is committed for write it is copied
 * into the cache buffer, which is then marked dirty, and moved onto a
 * third list, the written list (bh_written).  Once both the parity
 * block and the cached buffer are successfully written, any buffer on
 * a written list can be returned with b_end_io.
 *
 * The write list and read list both act as fifos.  The read list is
 * protected by the device_lock.  The write and written lists are
 * protected by the stripe lock.  The device_lock, which can be
 * claimed while the stipe lock is held, is only for list
 * manipulations and will only be held for a very short time.  It can
 * be claimed from interrupts.
 *
 *
 * Stripes in the stripe cache can be on one of two lists (or on
 * neither).  The "inactive_list" contains stripes which are not
 * currently being used for any request.  They can freely be reused
 * for another stripe.  The "handle_list" contains stripes that need
 * to be handled in some way.  Both of these are fifo queues.  Each
 * stripe is also (potentially) linked to a hash bucket in the hash
 * table so that it can be found by sector number.  Stripes that are
 * not hashed must be on the inactive_list, and will normally be at
 * the front.  All stripes start life this way.
 *
 * The inactive_list, handle_list and hash bucket lists are all protected by the
 * device_lock.
 *  - stripes on the inactive_list never have their stripe_lock held.
 *  - stripes have a reference counter. If count==0, they are on a list.
 *  - If a stripe might need handling, STRIPE_HANDLE is set.
 *  - When refcount reaches zero, then if STRIPE_HANDLE it is put on
 *    handle_list else inactive_list
 *
 * This, combined with the fact that STRIPE_HANDLE is only ever
 * cleared while a stripe has a non-zero count means that if the
 * refcount is 0 and STRIPE_HANDLE is set, then it is on the
 * handle_list and if recount is 0 and STRIPE_HANDLE is not set, then
 * the stripe is on inactive_list.
 *
 * The possible transitions are:
 *  activate an unhashed/inactive stripe (get_active_stripe())
 *     lockdev check-hash unlink-stripe cnt++ clean-stripe hash-stripe unlockdev
 *  activate a hashed, possibly active stripe (get_active_stripe())
 *     lockdev check-hash if(!cnt++)unlink-stripe unlockdev
 *  attach a request to an active stripe (add_stripe_bh())
 *     lockdev attach-buffer unlockdev
 *  handle a stripe (handle_stripe())
 *     lockstripe clrSTRIPE_HANDLE ... (lockdev check-buffers unlockdev) .. change-state .. record io needed unlockstripe schedule io
 *  release an active stripe (release_stripe())
 *     lockdev if (!--cnt) { if  STRIPE_HANDLE, add to handle_list else add to inactive-list } unlockdev
 *
 * The refcount counts each thread that have activated the stripe,
 * plus raid5d if it is handling it, plus one for each active request
 * on a cached buffer.
 */

struct stripe_head {
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	struct hlist_node	hash;
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	struct list_head	lru;			/* inactive_list or handle_list */
	struct raid5_private_data	*raid_conf;
	sector_t		sector;			/* sector of this row */
	int			pd_idx;			/* parity disk index */
	unsigned long		state;			/* state flags */
	atomic_t		count;			/* nr of active thread/requests */
	spinlock_t		lock;
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	int			bm_seq;	/* sequence number for bitmap flushes */
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	int			disks;			/* disks in stripe */
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	struct r5dev {
		struct bio	req;
		struct bio_vec	vec;
		struct page	*page;
		struct bio	*toread, *towrite, *written;
		sector_t	sector;			/* sector of this page */
		unsigned long	flags;
	} dev[1]; /* allocated with extra space depending of RAID geometry */
};
/* Flags */
#define	R5_UPTODATE	0	/* page contains current data */
#define	R5_LOCKED	1	/* IO has been submitted on "req" */
#define	R5_OVERWRITE	2	/* towrite covers whole page */
/* and some that are internal to handle_stripe */
#define	R5_Insync	3	/* rdev && rdev->in_sync at start */
#define	R5_Wantread	4	/* want to schedule a read */
#define	R5_Wantwrite	5
#define	R5_Overlap	7	/* There is a pending overlapping request on this block */
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#define	R5_ReadError	8	/* seen a read error here recently */
#define	R5_ReWrite	9	/* have tried to over-write the readerror */
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#define	R5_Expanded	10	/* This block now has post-expand data */
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/*
 * Write method
 */
#define RECONSTRUCT_WRITE	1
#define READ_MODIFY_WRITE	2
/* not a write method, but a compute_parity mode */
#define	CHECK_PARITY		3

/*
 * Stripe state
 */
#define STRIPE_HANDLE		2
#define	STRIPE_SYNCING		3
#define	STRIPE_INSYNC		4
#define	STRIPE_PREREAD_ACTIVE	5
#define	STRIPE_DELAYED		6
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#define	STRIPE_DEGRADED		7
#define	STRIPE_BIT_DELAY	8
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#define	STRIPE_EXPANDING	9
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#define	STRIPE_EXPAND_SOURCE	10
#define	STRIPE_EXPAND_READY	11
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/*
 * Plugging:
 *
 * To improve write throughput, we need to delay the handling of some
 * stripes until there has been a chance that several write requests
 * for the one stripe have all been collected.
 * In particular, any write request that would require pre-reading
 * is put on a "delayed" queue until there are no stripes currently
 * in a pre-read phase.  Further, if the "delayed" queue is empty when
 * a stripe is put on it then we "plug" the queue and do not process it
 * until an unplug call is made. (the unplug_io_fn() is called).
 *
 * When preread is initiated on a stripe, we set PREREAD_ACTIVE and add
 * it to the count of prereading stripes.
 * When write is initiated, or the stripe refcnt == 0 (just in case) we
 * clear the PREREAD_ACTIVE flag and decrement the count
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 * Whenever the 'handle' queue is empty and the device is not plugged, we
 * move any strips from delayed to handle and clear the DELAYED flag and set
 * PREREAD_ACTIVE.
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 * In stripe_handle, if we find pre-reading is necessary, we do it if
 * PREREAD_ACTIVE is set, else we set DELAYED which will send it to the delayed queue.
 * HANDLE gets cleared if stripe_handle leave nothing locked.
 */
 

struct disk_info {
	mdk_rdev_t	*rdev;
};

struct raid5_private_data {
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	struct hlist_head	*stripe_hashtbl;
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	mddev_t			*mddev;
	struct disk_info	*spare;
	int			chunk_size, level, algorithm;
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	int			max_degraded;
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	int			raid_disks;
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	int			max_nr_stripes;

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	/* used during an expand */
	sector_t		expand_progress;	/* MaxSector when no expand happening */
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	sector_t		expand_lo; /* from here up to expand_progress it out-of-bounds
					    * as we haven't flushed the metadata yet
					    */
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	int			previous_raid_disks;

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	struct list_head	handle_list; /* stripes needing handling */
	struct list_head	delayed_list; /* stripes that have plugged requests */
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	struct list_head	bitmap_list; /* stripes delaying awaiting bitmap update */
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	atomic_t		preread_active_stripes; /* stripes with scheduled io */

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	atomic_t		reshape_stripes; /* stripes with pending writes for reshape */
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	/* unfortunately we need two cache names as we temporarily have
	 * two caches.
	 */
	int			active_name;
	char			cache_name[2][20];
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	kmem_cache_t		*slab_cache; /* for allocating stripes */
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	int			seq_flush, seq_write;
	int			quiesce;

	int			fullsync;  /* set to 1 if a full sync is needed,
					    * (fresh device added).
					    * Cleared when a sync completes.
					    */

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	struct page 		*spare_page; /* Used when checking P/Q in raid6 */

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	/*
	 * Free stripes pool
	 */
	atomic_t		active_stripes;
	struct list_head	inactive_list;
	wait_queue_head_t	wait_for_stripe;
	wait_queue_head_t	wait_for_overlap;
	int			inactive_blocked;	/* release of inactive stripes blocked,
							 * waiting for 25% to be free
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							 */
	int			pool_size; /* number of disks in stripeheads in pool */
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	spinlock_t		device_lock;
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	struct disk_info	*disks;
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};

typedef struct raid5_private_data raid5_conf_t;

#define mddev_to_conf(mddev) ((raid5_conf_t *) mddev->private)

/*
 * Our supported algorithms
 */
#define ALGORITHM_LEFT_ASYMMETRIC	0
#define ALGORITHM_RIGHT_ASYMMETRIC	1
#define ALGORITHM_LEFT_SYMMETRIC	2
#define ALGORITHM_RIGHT_SYMMETRIC	3

#endif