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##### Setting up the Utah Network Testbed software on a boss node
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##### Tested on FreeBSD 4.9
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##### Important notes

In order to be able to help you debug any problems you run into or answer
certain questions, we'll need have accounts, preferably with root access if
allowed by your institution's AUP, on your boss and ops nodes, and will need to
be able to access the webserver on boss.

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Supported environment:
This software does make some assumptions about the environment in which it is
run. Some of the most basic ones are listed below. In general, we don't have
the resources to adapt it to every possible environment. So, you will need to
either work out a way to match the environment outlined below, or be willing to
invest some work in adapting the software.

(1) You will need at least two network interfaces on each node - one for the
control network, and one for the experimental network. The experimental network
needs to be one on which we can make VLANs with SNMP. Currently, we support
Cisco 6500 and 4000 series switches (though not all switches in these lines
have been tested). The control net must have full multicast support, including
IGMP snooping. Nodes' control network interfaces must support PXE.

(2) We highly, highly recommend that boss, ops, and all the nodes be in
publicly routed IP space. If this is not possible, then boss and ops should be
given two interfaces: One in the nodes' control network, and one in public IP
space. If you must use private IP space for the nodes' control net, we suggest
using the 192.168/16 subnet, which leaves the larger 10/8 subnet available for
the experimental network.

(3) If you have a firewall, you will need to be able to get certain standard
ports through to boss and ops, such as the ports for http, https, ssh, named
(domain), and smtp. Any other strange network setup (such as NAT) between the
boss/ops and the outside world will cause really big headaches.

(4) The whole testbed should be in a domain or subdomain for which boss can be
the name server.

(5) The nodes must be able to reach boss with DHCP requests on the control
network - this means either being in the same broadcast domain (ie. LAN), or,
if there is a router in between, the router must be capable of forwarding
DHCP/BOOTP packets. Since the nodes will DHCP from boss, it is important that
there not be another DHCP server (ie. one for another part of your lab)
answering their requests.

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##### Step -1 - Set up "ops"

Follow the instructions in the setup-ops.txt file before the ones in this file!
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##### Step 0 - OS installation and setup
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Install FreeBSD on the machine you'll be using for your boss node, using the
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standard FreeBSD installation process.  When asked by the installer, it's best
to choose the 'Developer' distribution set - this gets you full sources. The
'X-Developer' distribution set would be fine too, if you want to be able to run
X clients from the boss node.  When it asks if you want to install the ports
collection, answer yes.  You don't need to worry about which packages to
install (of course, grab your favorite editors, etc.) - the ones our software
needs will be installed automatically later.  You, will, however, have to make
sure that you create a partition large enough to hold /usr/testbed - in
addition to the testbed software, this is where many disk images will get
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stored. The /var partition will need to be large enough to hold the database -
100MB extra for the database should be sufficient. Also, since we'll be building
and installing a lot of software from the ports tree, you'll want to make sure
that /usr is at least 2 GB.
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If you want, you can go ahead and create an account for yourself on boss. For
now, just stick the home directory somewhere local, and move it to /users/ once
you've got it mounted from ops (the boss-install script will set this up). In
general, it's probably simpler to just use 'root' for now.
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We occasionally run into problems with certain FreeBSD ports. Also, you're going
to want the latest security updates. So, you should at the very least bring
your ports collection up to date using:
http://www.freebsd.org/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/cvsup.html

It is also a good idea to bring your base system up to date with the -STABLE
branch.  Instructions for doing this can be found at:
http://www.freebsd.org/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/cutting-edge.html

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##### Step 1 - Create a defs file
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The defs file will describe some of your setup, such as the hostnames of your
boss and ops nodes, and email addresses that certain types of mail will be sent
to.
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Use the 'defs-example' file in the root of our source distribution as a
template. It contains comments explaining the important variables to set.
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##### Step 2 -  Unpacking and running configure
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This works the same as it did on ops:
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cd ~/tbobj
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~/testbed/configure --with-TBDEFS=/users/ricci/testbed/defs-ricci
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##### Step 3 - Running the boss installation script
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Again, this works the same as it did on ops, except that you run
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install/boss-install in the object tree, instead of ops-install.
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Part way through, this script will bail out and prompt you to install some
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ports. This can take a long time (hours), and you want to be able to see what's
going on, right?
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So, just cd to /usr/ports/misc/emulab-boss/ and run (as root) a 'make install'.
When you're done, re-run the boss-install script.
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Like the ops-install script, boss-install sets up paswordless sudo for anyone
in the wheel group.
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There is one bootstrapping problem we have that needs to be worked around - we
put fully-qualified names for the ops/users node into /etc/fstab on boss. But,
if you're running the nameserver for this domain on boss, those names won't be
resolvable yet. Since we don't yet have a way to auto-generate DNS
configuration files, the suggested work-around is to add addresses for the
FSNODE and USERNODE that you specified in your defs file (which may be the same
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thing), to /etc/hosts on boss. Remember to remove them once you really have
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DNS set up.

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##### Step 4 - Installing from source.
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In your object directory, do a 'gmake && gmake boss-install'. Then, as root, do
a 'gmake post-install'. The post-install target needs to run as root, so that
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it can make certain scripts setuid, etc.
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##### Step 5 - Setting up root ssh from boss to ops
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The boss node needs to be able to ssh in, as root, to the ops node. To set this
up, copy root's public identity from boss (created by the boss-install script)
to ops's authorized_keys file:
scp /root/.ssh/identity.pub ops:/root/.ssh/authorized_keys
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##### Step 6 - Other miscellaneous things to set up
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There are a few things we haven't been able to completely automate just yet,
though we hope to soon. 
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DNS configuration - boss-install enables bind on your boss node, but does not
set it up as a server for your domain. We don't have documentation for creating
the zone files, etc yet. Best bet right now is to ask Utah for a copy of
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theirs. You need to include boss and ops in your domain, but NOT the nodes -
these will be added for you automatically.  Once done, add 127.0.0.1 as the
first nameserver in /etc/resolv.conf . Also, add boss as the first nameserver
on ops, too. If you're running under the .emulab.net domain, too, make sure to
get Utah to delegate the subdomain to you. If you have any hardware (eg.
switches or power controllers) on a private subnet, add them to /etc/hosts,
with the same name they've been give in the database.
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hosts file - It's a good idea to put ops' name/IP address in /etc/hosts - this
helps out NFS mounts, which are typically done before the nameserver is started,
and is generally helpful if things go wrong with the nameserver.

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SSL certificates - Our apache config file expects to find SSL certificates in:
/usr/local/etc/apache/ssl.crt/www.<sitename>.crt and
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/usr/local/etc/apache/ssl.key/www.<sitename>.key
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(where <sitename> is OURDOMAIN from the configure defs file, which defaults to
boss's domain name.) 
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Generate a passwordless certificate (up to you if you want to get a 'real' one
from Verisign, etc., or sign your own), and place the files from it in the
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above locations. An easy way to generate a temporary self-signed certificate is
to run:
make all certificate
... in /usr/ports/www/apache13-modssl . Make sure that you give the same value
for the 'Common name' that you put in WWWHOST in your defs file, and answer
'N' to the 'Encrypt the private key now?' question. This script creates the
files:
work/apache_<version>/conf/ssl.key/server.key
work/apache_<version>/conf/ssl.crt/server.crt
... which you can move into the locations mentioned above.
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tftpboot - There are a few bootloaders, mini-kernels, and MFSes that are used
to boot, reload, etc. testbed machines, which live in /tftpboot . For the time
being, these are not distributed with our source, and require some site
customizations, so ask Utah for the boot loaders, etc.

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disk images - You'll also, of course, need disk images to go on your nodes.
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Right now, we have no automatic way of generating these, so you'll have to ask
Utah for some.
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##### Step 7 - Filling the database

See the file setup-db.txt in this directory for instructions on getting the
proper information about your site and nodes into the database.