Interface.pm.in 38.1 KB
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#!/usr/bin/perl -wT
#
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# Copyright (c) 2005-2014 University of Utah and the Flux Group.
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# 
# {{{EMULAB-LICENSE
# 
# This file is part of the Emulab network testbed software.
# 
# This file is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it
# under the terms of the GNU Affero General Public License as published by
# the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at
# your option) any later version.
# 
# This file is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
# ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
# FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU Affero General Public
# License for more details.
# 
# You should have received a copy of the GNU Affero General Public License
# along with this file.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
# 
# }}}
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#
package Interface;

use strict;
use Exporter;
use vars qw(@ISA @EXPORT);

@ISA    = "Exporter";
@EXPORT = qw ( );

use libdb;
use libtestbed;
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use emutil qw(GenFakeMac);
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use English;
use Data::Dumper;
use overload ('""' => 'Stringify');

# Configure variables
my $TB		= "@prefix@";
my $BOSSNODE    = "@BOSSNODE@";

# Cache of instances to avoid regenerating them.
my %all_interfaces   = ();
my %node_interfaces  = ();

# Manual
my $debug = 0;

# Little helper and debug function.
sub mysystem($)
{
    my ($command) = @_;

    print STDERR "Running '$command'\n"
	if ($debug);
    return system($command);
}

#
# Lookup interfaces for a node and create a list of class instances to return.
#
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sub LookupAll($$$)
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{
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    my ($class, $nodeid, $pref) = @_;
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    $nodeid = $nodeid->node_id()
	if (ref($nodeid));

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    # Look in cache first
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    if (exists($node_interfaces{$nodeid})) {
	@$pref = @{ $node_interfaces{$nodeid} };
	return 0;
    }
    @$pref = ();
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    my $query_result =
	DBQueryWarn("select * from interfaces ".
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		    "where node_id='$nodeid' and logical=0");
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    return -1
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	if (!$query_result);
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    return 0
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	if (!$query_result->numrows);

    my $results = [];

    while (my $rowref = $query_result->fetchrow_hashref()) {
	my $card  = $rowref->{'card'};
	my $port  = $rowref->{'port'};
	my $iface = $rowref->{'iface'};
	my $interface;

	#
	# If we already have this in the interface cache, lets not create
	# another one. Just use that one.
	#
	if (exists($all_interfaces{"$nodeid:$card:$port"})) {
	    $interface = $all_interfaces{"$nodeid:$card:$port"};
	}
	else {
	    $interface = {};
	
	    $interface->{"DBROW"}  = $rowref;
	    bless($interface, $class);

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	    #
	    # Grab the wires table entry.
	    #
	    my $wires_result =
		DBQueryWarn("select * from wires ".
			    "where node_id1='$nodeid' and ".
			    "      card1='$card' and port1='$port'");
	    if ($wires_result && $wires_result->numrows) {
		$interface->{'WIRES'} = $wires_result->fetchrow_hashref();
	    }

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	    #
	    # And the interface_state table.
	    #
	    my $state_result =
		DBQueryWarn("select * from interface_state ".
			    "where node_id='$nodeid' and ".
			    "      card='$card' and port='$port'");

	    return -1
		if (!$state_result);
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	    if (!$state_result->numrows) {
		print STDERR
		    "*** Missing interface_state table entry for interface\n".
		    "    card:port $card:$port on $nodeid.\n";
		return -1;
	    }
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	    $interface->{'STATE'} = $state_result->fetchrow_hashref();

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	    # Cache by card,port and by iface
	    $all_interfaces{"$nodeid:$card:$port"} = $interface;
	    $all_interfaces{"$nodeid:$iface"}      = $interface;
	}
	push(@{ $results }, $interface);
    }
    # Add to cache of node interfaces
    $node_interfaces{$nodeid} = $results;
    
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    @$pref = @{ $results };
    return 0;
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}
# accessors
sub field($$)  { return ((! ref($_[0])) ? -1 : $_[0]->{'DBROW'}->{$_[1]}); }
sub node_id($) { return field($_[0], 'node_id'); }
sub card($)    { return field($_[0], 'card'); }
sub port($)    { return field($_[0], 'port'); }
sub iface($)   { return field($_[0], 'iface'); }
sub mac($)     { return field($_[0], 'mac'); }
sub IP($)      { return field($_[0], 'IP'); }
sub role($)    { return field($_[0], 'role'); }
sub type($)    { return field($_[0], 'interface_type'); }
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sub logical($) { return field($_[0], 'logical'); }
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sub speed($)   { return field($_[0], 'current_speed'); }
sub current_speed($) { return field($_[0], 'current_speed'); }
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sub mask($)    { return field($_[0], 'mask'); }
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sub uuid($)    { return field($_[0], 'uuid'); }
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# Wires table
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sub wiredup($)     { return (exists($_[0]->{'WIRES'}) ? 1 : 0); }
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sub wire_type($)   { return $_[0]->{'WIRES'}->{'type'}; }
sub switch_id($)   { return $_[0]->{'WIRES'}->{'node_id2'}; }
sub switch_card($) { return $_[0]->{'WIRES'}->{'card2'}; }
sub switch_port($) { return $_[0]->{'WIRES'}->{'port2'}; }
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# Interface State table
sub enabled($)     { return $_[0]->{'STATE'}->{'enabled'}; }
sub tagged($)      { return $_[0]->{'STATE'}->{'tagged'}; }
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sub remaining_bandwidth { return $_[0]->{'STATE'}->{'remaining_bandwidth'}; }
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sub IsExperimental($)
{
    my ($self) = @_;

    return $self->role() eq TBDB_IFACEROLE_EXPERIMENT();
}
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sub IsControl($)
{
    my ($self) = @_;

    return $self->role() eq TBDB_IFACEROLE_CONTROL();
}
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sub IsManagement($)
{
    my ($self) = @_;

    return $self->role() eq TBDB_IFACEROLE_MANAGEMENT();
}

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#
# Lookup by card,port
#
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sub Lookup($$$;$)
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{
    my ($class, $nodeid, $card, $port) = @_;

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    $nodeid = $nodeid->node_id()
	if (ref($nodeid));

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    # XXX: the node side always uses port 1.
    $port = 1
	if (!defined($port));

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    # Look in cache first
    return $all_interfaces{"$nodeid:$card:$port"}
        if (exists($all_interfaces{"$nodeid:$card:$port"}));

    my $query_result =
	DBQueryWarn("select * from interfaces ".
		    "where node_id='$nodeid' and ".
		    "      card='$card' and port='$port'");

    return undef
	if (!$query_result);
    return undef
	if (!$query_result->numrows);

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    my $iface_row = $query_result->fetchrow_hashref();
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    #
    # And the interface_state table.
    #
    $query_result =
	DBQueryWarn("select * from interface_state ".
		    "where node_id='$nodeid' and ".
		    "      card='$card' and port='$port'");

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    if (!$query_result) {
	print STDERR "*** Missing interface_state for $nodeid:$card:$port\n";
	return undef;
    }
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    # If a management interface, the lack of an interface_state
    # record is not a big deal, so let it slide.
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    return undef
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	if (!$query_result->numrows &&
	    $iface_row->{'role'} ne TBDB_IFACEROLE_MANAGEMENT());
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    my $state_row = $query_result->fetchrow_hashref();

    my $interface = LookupRow($class, $iface_row, $state_row);

    #
    # Grab the wires table entry.
    #
    $query_result =
	DBQueryWarn("select * from wires ".
		    "where node_id1='$nodeid' and ".
		    "      card1='$card' and port1='$port'");
    if ($query_result && $query_result->numrows) {
	$interface->{'WIRES'} = $query_result->fetchrow_hashref();
    }

    return $interface;
}

sub LookupRow($$$)
{
    my ($class, $iface_row, $state_row) = @_;
    my $nodeid = $iface_row->{'node_id'};
    my $card = $iface_row->{'card'};
    my $port = $iface_row->{'port'};
    my $interface = {};
	
    $interface->{"DBROW"} = $iface_row;
    $interface->{'STATE'} = $state_row;
    bless($interface, $class);

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    # Cache by card,port and by iface
    my $iface = $interface->iface();
    
    $all_interfaces{"$nodeid:$card:$port"} = $interface;
    $all_interfaces{"$nodeid:$iface"}      = $interface;
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    return $interface;
}

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#
# Refresh instance by reloading from the DB.
#
sub Refresh($)
{
    my ($self) = @_;

    return -1
	if (! ref($self));

    my $nodeid  = $self->node_id();
    my $iface   = $self->iface();
    my $card    = $self->card();
    my $port    = $self->port();

    my $query_result =
	DBQueryWarn("select * from interfaces ".
		    "where node_id='$nodeid' and iface='$iface'");
    return undef
	if (!$query_result || !$query_result->numrows);

    $self->{"DBROW"} = $query_result->fetchrow_hashref();
    
    #
    # And the interface_state table.
    #
    $query_result =
	DBQueryWarn("select * from interface_state ".
		    "where node_id='$nodeid' and ".
		    "      card='$card' and port='$port'");
    return undef
	if (!$query_result || !$query_result->numrows);

    $self->{'STATE'} = $query_result->fetchrow_hashref();
    
    return 0;
}

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#
# Create a new interface record. This also handles the wires table entries.
#
sub Create($$$)
{
    my ($class, $node, $argref) = @_;

    return undef
	if (! (ref($node) && ref($argref)));

    my $node_id = $node->node_id();

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    my $MAC        = $argref->{'MAC'} || $argref->{'mac'};
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    my $IP         = $argref->{'IP'};
    my $mask       = $argref->{'mask'};
    my $card       = $argref->{'card'};
    my $port       = $argref->{'port'};
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    my $iftype     = $argref->{'type'} || $argref->{'interface_type'};
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    my $ifrole     = $argref->{'role'};
    my $uuid       = $argref->{'uuid'};
    my $max_speed  = $argref->{'max_speed'};
    my $duplex     = $argref->{'duplex'};
    my $switch_id  = $argref->{'switch_id'};
    my $switch_card= $argref->{'switch_card'};
    my $switch_port= $argref->{'switch_port'};
    my $wire_type  = $argref->{'wire_type'};
    my $cable      = $argref->{'cable'};
    my $length     = $argref->{'length'};
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    my $iface      = $argref->{'iface'};
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    my $logical    = $argref->{'logical'};
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    my $trunk      = $argref->{'trunk'};
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    if (!defined($wire_type)) {
	if ($ifrole eq TBDB_IFACEROLE_MANAGEMENT()) {
	    $wire_type = "Management";
	}
	if ($ifrole eq TBDB_IFACEROLE_EXPERIMENT()) {
	    $wire_type = "Node";
	}
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    }
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    $iface = "eth$card"    
	if (!defined($iface));
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    $port = 1
	if (!defined($port));
    $IP = ""
	if (!defined($IP));
    $mask = ""
	if (!defined($mask));
    $duplex = "full"
	if (!defined($duplex));
    $max_speed = 0
	if (!defined($max_speed));
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    $logical = 0
	if (!defined($logical));
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    $trunk = 0
	if (!defined($trunk));
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    if (!defined($uuid)) {
	$uuid = NewUUID();
	if (!defined($uuid)) {
	    print STDERR "Could not generate a UUID!\n";
	    return undef;
	}
    }
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    if (! (defined($card) && defined($ifrole) && defined($MAC) &&
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	   defined($IP) && defined($port) && 
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	   defined($iftype) && defined($iface) && defined($max_speed) &&
	   defined($duplex) && defined($uuid))) {
	print STDERR "Interface::Create: Missing fields in arguments:\n";
	print STDERR Dumper($argref);
	return undef;
    }
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    #
    # Lock the tables to prevent concurrent creation
    #
    DBQueryWarn("lock tables interfaces write, ".
		"            interface_state write, ".
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		"            vinterfaces read, ".
		"            node_history read, ".
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		"            wires write")
	or return undef;

    #
    # See if we have a record; if we do, we can stop now. This is
    # not actually correct, since creating a node is not atomic.
    #
    my $query_result =
	DBQueryWarn("select node_id from interfaces ".
		    "where node_id='$node_id' and ".
		    "      card='$card' and port='$port'");
    if ($query_result->numrows) {
	DBQueryWarn("unlock tables");
	return Interface->Lookup($node_id, $card, $port);
    }
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    #
    # Generate a fake mac if requested. 
    #
    if ($MAC eq "genfake") {
	while (1) {
	    $MAC = GenFakeMac();

	    # Check to make sure unique. If not, try again.
	    $query_result =
		DBQueryWarn("(select mac from interfaces ".
			    " where mac='$MAC') ".
			    "union ".
			    "(select mac from vinterfaces ".
			    " where mac='$MAC') ".
			    "union ".
			    "(select cnet_mac as mac from node_history ".
			    " where cnet_mac='$MAC')");
	    if (!$query_result) {
		DBQueryWarn("unlock tables");
		return undef;
	    }
	    last
		if (!$query_result->numrows);
	}
    }
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    if (!DBQueryWarn("insert into interfaces set ".
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		"  node_id='$node_id', logical='$logical', " .
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		"  card=$card, port=$port, role='$ifrole', ".
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		"  mac='$MAC', IP='$IP', " .
		(defined($mask) ? "mask='$mask', " : "") .
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		($trunk ? "trunk='1', " : "") .
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		"  interface_type='$iftype', iface='$iface', " .
		"  current_speed='$max_speed', duplex='$duplex', ".
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		"  uuid='$uuid'")) {
	DBQueryWarn("unlock tables");
	return undef;
    }
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    if (!DBQueryWarn("insert into interface_state set ".
		     "  node_id='$node_id', " .
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		     ($trunk ? "remaining_bandwidth='$max_speed', " : "") .
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		     "  card=$card, port=$port, iface='$iface'")) {
	DBQueryWarn("delete from interfaces ".
		    "where node_id='$node_id' and card='$card' ".
		    "      and port='$port'");
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	DBQueryWarn("unlock tables");
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	return undef;
    }

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    if (defined($switch_id)) {
	my $cable_len = "";
	if (defined($cable)) {
	    $cable_len .= ", cable=$cable";
	}
	if (defined($length)) {
	    $cable_len .= ", len=$length";
	}
	if (!DBQueryWarn("insert into wires set".
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			 "  type='$wire_type', logical='$logical', " .
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			 "  node_id1='$node_id', card1=$card, port1=$port, " .
			 "  node_id2='$switch_id', card2='$switch_card', " .
			 "  port2='$switch_port' $cable_len")) {
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	    DBQueryWarn("delete from interface_state ".
			"where node_id='$node_id' and card='$card' ".
			"      and port='$port'");
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	    DBQueryWarn("delete from interfaces ".
			"where node_id='$node_id' and card='$card' ".
			"      and port='$port'");
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	    DBQueryWarn("unlock tables");
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	    return undef;
	}
    }
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    DBQueryWarn("unlock tables");
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    return Interface->Lookup($node_id, $card, $port);
}

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#
# Delete a logical interface.
#
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sub Delete($;$)
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{
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    my ($self, $real) = @_;
    my $logical = ($real ? 0 : 1);
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    if ($logical && !$self->logical()) {
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	print STDERR "Refusing to delete real $self\n";
	return -1;
    }
    my $node_id = $self->node_id();
    my $card    = $self->card();
    my $port    = $self->port();

    return -1
	if (!DBQueryWarn("delete from interface_state ".
			 "where node_id='$node_id' and card='$card' and ".
			 "      port='$port'"));
    return -1
	if (!DBQueryWarn("delete from interfaces ".
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			 "where logical=$logical and ".
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			 "      node_id='$node_id' and card='$card' and ".
			 "      port='$port'"));
    return 0;
}

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#
# Delete this interface's wire entry.
#
sub DeleteWire($)
{
    my ($self) = @_;
    my $node_id = $self->node_id();
    my $card    = $self->card();
    my $port    = $self->port();

    return -1
	if (!DBQueryWarn("delete from wires ".
			 "where node_id1='$node_id' and card1='$card' and ".
			 "      port1='$port'"));
    return 0;
}

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#
# Create a fake object, as for the mapper (assign_wrapper) during debugging.
#
sub MakeFake($$$)
{
    my ($class, $node, $argref) = @_;

    my $nodeid = $node->node_id();
    $argref->{'node_id'} = $nodeid;

    my $self            = {};
    $self->{"DBROW"}    = $argref;
    bless($self, $class);

    # Cache by card,port and by iface
    my $iface = $argref->{'iface'};
    my $card  = $argref->{'card'};
    my $port  = $argref->{'port'};
    $all_interfaces{"$nodeid:$card:$port"} = $self;
    $all_interfaces{"$nodeid:$iface"}      = $self;
    
    return $self;
}

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#
# Lookup by iface
#
sub LookupByIface($$$)
{
    my ($class, $nodeid, $iface) = @_;

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    $nodeid = $nodeid->node_id()
	if (ref($nodeid));

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    # Look in cache first
    return $all_interfaces{"$nodeid:$iface"}
        if (exists($all_interfaces{"$nodeid:$iface"}));

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    # Used from Protogeni code, so be careful.
    my $safe_nodeid = DBQuoteSpecial($nodeid);
    my $safe_iface  = DBQuoteSpecial($iface);

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    my $query_result =
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	DBQueryWarn("select card,port from interfaces ".
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		    "where node_id=$safe_nodeid and iface=$safe_iface");
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    return undef
	if (!$query_result);
    return undef
	if (!$query_result->numrows);

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    my ($card, $port) = $query_result->fetchrow_array();
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    return Interface->Lookup($nodeid, $card, $port);
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}

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#
# Lookup by mac
#
sub LookupByMAC($$)
{
    my ($class, $mac) = @_;

    my $query_result =
	DBQueryWarn("select node_id,card,port from interfaces ".
		    "where mac='$mac'");

    return undef
	if (!$query_result);
    return undef
	if (!$query_result->numrows);
    
    my ($nodeid, $card, $port) = $query_result->fetchrow_array();

    return Interface->Lookup($nodeid, $card, $port);
}

#
# Lookup by IP, but only on control or management interfaces.
# Makes no sense for experimental.
#
sub LookupByIP($$)
{
    my ($class, $ip) = @_;

    my $query_result =
	DBQueryWarn("select node_id,card,port from interfaces ".
		    "where ip='$ip' and ".
		    "      (role='" . TBDB_IFACEROLE_CONTROL()  . "' or ".
		    "       role='" . TBDB_IFACEROLE_MANAGEMENT()  . "')");

    return undef
	if (!$query_result);
    return undef
	if (!$query_result->numrows);
    
    my ($nodeid, $card, $port) = $query_result->fetchrow_array();

    return Interface->Lookup($nodeid, $card, $port);
}

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#
# Lookup by uuid
#
sub LookupByUUID($$)
{
    my ($class, $uuid) = @_;

    if (! ($uuid =~ /^\w+\-\w+\-\w+\-\w+\-\w+$/)) {
	return undef;
    }
    
    my $query_result =
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	DBQueryWarn("select node_id,card,port from interfaces ".
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		    "where uuid='$uuid'");

    return undef
	if (!$query_result);
    return undef
	if (!$query_result->numrows);
    
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    my ($nodeid, $card, $port) = $query_result->fetchrow_array();
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    return Interface->Lookup($nodeid, $card, $port);
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}

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#
# Lookup the control interface for a node, which is something we do a lot.
#
sub LookupControl($)
{
    my ($class, $nodeid) = @_;

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    $nodeid = $nodeid->node_id()
	if (ref($nodeid));

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    my $query_result =
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	DBQueryWarn("select card,port from interfaces ".
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		    "where node_id='$nodeid' and ".
		    "      role='" . TBDB_IFACEROLE_CONTROL()  . "'");

    return undef
	if (!$query_result);
    return undef
	if (!$query_result->numrows);

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    my ($card, $port) = $query_result->fetchrow_array();
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    return Interface->Lookup($nodeid, $card, $port);
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}

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#
# Lookup the management interface for a node.
#
sub LookupManagement($)
{
    my ($class, $nodeid) = @_;

    $nodeid = $nodeid->node_id()
	if (ref($nodeid));

    my $query_result =
	DBQueryWarn("select card,port from interfaces ".
		    "where node_id='$nodeid' and ".
		    "      role='" . TBDB_IFACEROLE_MANAGEMENT()  . "'");

    return undef
	if (!$query_result);
    return undef
	if (!$query_result->numrows);

    my ($card, $port) = $query_result->fetchrow_array();

    return Interface->Lookup($nodeid, $card, $port);
}

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#
# Stringify for output.
#
sub Stringify($)
{
    my ($self) = @_;
    
    my $nodeid = $self->node_id();
    my $iface  = $self->iface();

    return "[Interface: $nodeid:$iface]";
}

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#
# Temporary cruft for geni widearea switches.
#
sub LookUpWideAreaSwitch($$)
{
    my ($class, $hrn) = @_;
    my $safe_hrn = DBQuoteSpecial($hrn);

    my $query_result =
	DBQueryWarn("select node_id from widearea_switches ".
		    "where hrn=$safe_hrn");
    return undef
	if (!$query_result);
    if ($query_result->numrows) {
	my ($switch_id) = $query_result->fetchrow_array();
	return $switch_id;
    }
    my $next_id   = TBGetUniqueIndex('next_switch', 1);
    my $switch_id = "widearea_switch$next_id";

    return $switch_id
	if (DBQueryWarn("insert into widearea_switches set ".
			" hrn=$safe_hrn, node_id='$switch_id'"));
    return undef;
}

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#
# Perform some updates ...
#
sub Update($$)
{
    my ($self, $argref) = @_;

    # Must be a real reference. 
    return -1
	if (! ref($self));

    my $nodeid  = $self->node_id();
    my $iface   = $self->iface();
    my @sets    = ();

    foreach my $key (keys(%{$argref})) {
	my $val = $argref->{$key};

	# Treat NULL special.
	push (@sets, "${key}=" . ($val eq "NULL" ?
				  "NULL" : DBQuoteSpecial($val)));
    }

    my $query = "update interfaces set " . join(",", @sets) .
	" where node_id='$nodeid' and iface='$iface'";

    return -1
	if (! DBQueryWarn($query));

    return Refresh($self);
}

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#
# Lookup a specific attribute in the type capabilities table. 
#
sub TypeCapability($$$)
{
    my ($self, $capkey, $pcapval) = @_;
    
    return -1
	if (!ref($self));

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    my $itype = $self->type();
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    my $query_result =
	DBQueryWarn("select capval from interface_capabilities ".
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		    "where type='$itype' and capkey='$capkey'");
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    return -1
	if (!$query_result || !$query_result->numrows());
    my ($capval) = $query_result->fetchrow_array();
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    $$pcapval = $capval;
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    return 0;
}

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##############################################################################
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package Interface::VInterface;
use libdb;
use libtestbed;
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use emutil qw(GenFakeMac);
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use English;
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use Carp;
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use overload ('""' => 'Stringify');
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use vars qw($AUTOLOAD);
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my $nextfake = 0;

#
# Lookup by node_id,unit
#
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sub Lookup($$$)
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{
    my ($class, $nodeid, $unit) = @_;

    $nodeid = $nodeid->node_id()
	if (ref($nodeid));

    my $query_result =
	DBQueryWarn("select * from vinterfaces ".
		    "where node_id='$nodeid' and unit='$unit'");

    return undef
	if (!$query_result);
    return undef
	if (!$query_result->numrows);

    my $vinterface = {};
	
    $vinterface->{"DBROW"} = $query_result->fetchrow_hashref();
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    $vinterface->{"HASH"}  = {};
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    bless($vinterface, $class);
}
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AUTOLOAD {
    my $self  = $_[0];
    my $type  = ref($self) or croak "$self is not an object";
    my $name  = $AUTOLOAD;
    $name =~ s/.*://;   # strip fully-qualified portion

    # A DB row proxy method call.
    if (exists($self->{'DBROW'}->{$name})) {
	return $self->{'DBROW'}->{$name};
    }
    # Or it is for a local storage slot.
    if ($name =~ /^_.*$/) {
	if (scalar(@_) == 2) {
	    return $self->{'HASH'}->{$name} = $_[1];
	}
	elsif (exists($self->{'HASH'}->{$name})) {
	    return $self->{'HASH'}->{$name};
	}
    }
    carp("No such slot '$name' field in class $type");
    return undef;
}

# Break circular reference someplace to avoid exit errors.
sub DESTROY {
    my $self = shift;

    $self->{'DBROW'} = undef;
    $self->{'HASH'}  = undef;
}
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# The virtual iface name is $type$unit
sub viface($)     { return $_[0]->type() . $_[0]->unit(); }
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#
# Lookup by the experiment/virtlan/vnode
#
sub LookupByVirtLan($$$$)
{
    my ($class, $experiment, $virtlan, $vnode) = @_;
    my $exptidx = $experiment->idx();

    $virtlan = DBQuoteSpecial($virtlan);
    $vnode   = DBQuoteSpecial($vnode);

    my $query_result =
	DBQueryWarn("select node_id,unit from vinterfaces as vif ".
		    "left join virt_lans as vl on vl.exptidx=vif.exptidx and ".
		    "  vl.ip=vif.IP ".
		    "where vif.exptidx='$exptidx' and ".
		    "      vl.vname=$virtlan and vl.vnode=$vnode");
    return undef
	if (!defined($query_result) || !$query_result->numrows);

    my ($node_id,$unit) = $query_result->fetchrow_array();
    return Interface::VInterface->Lookup($node_id, $unit);
}
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#
# Create a new vinterface
#
sub Create($$$)
{
    my ($class, $nodeid, $argref) = @_;

    $nodeid = $nodeid->node_id()
	if (ref($nodeid));
    $argref->{'node_id'} = $nodeid;

    # This is generated by the insert.
    delete($argref->{'unit'})
	if (exists($argref->{'unit'}));

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    DBQueryWarn("lock tables interfaces read, ".
		"            vinterfaces write, ".
		"            node_history read")
	or return undef;

    #
    # Generate a fake mac if requested. 
    #
    if (exists($argref->{'mac'}) && $argref->{'mac'} eq "genfake") {
	while (1) {
	    my $mac = GenFakeMac();

	    # Check to make sure unique. If not, try again.
	    my $query_result =
		DBQueryWarn("(select mac from interfaces ".
			    " where mac='$mac') ".
			    "union ".
			    "(select mac from vinterfaces ".
			    " where mac='$mac') ".
			    "union ".
			    "(select cnet_mac as mac from node_history ".
			    " where cnet_mac='$mac')");
	    if (!$query_result) {
		DBQueryWarn("unlock tables");
		return undef;
	    }
	    if (!$query_result->numrows) {
		$argref->{'mac'} = $mac;
		last;
	    }
	}
    }

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    my $query = "insert into vinterfaces set ".
	join(",", map("$_='" . $argref->{$_} . "'", keys(%{$argref})));

    my $query_result = DBQueryWarn($query);
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    DBQueryWarn("unlock tables");
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    return undef
	if (!defined($query_result));

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    my $unit= $query_result->insertid;
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    return Interface::VInterface->Lookup($nodeid, $unit);
}

#
# Create a fake object, as for the mapper (assign_wrapper) during debugging.
#
sub MakeFake($$$)
{
    my ($class, $nodeid, $argref) = @_;

    $nodeid = $nodeid->node_id()
	if (ref($nodeid));
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    $argref->{'node_id'}  = $nodeid;
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    foreach my $field (('vnode_id', 'iface', 'vlanid', 'bandwidth')) {
	$argref->{$field} = undef if (!exists($argref->{$field}));
    }
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    # This is usually generated by the insert.
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    $argref->{'unit'}   = $nextfake++;
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    my $self            = {};
    $self->{"DBROW"}    = $argref;
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    $self->{"HASH"}     = {};
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    $self->{"FAKE"}     = 1;
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    bless($self, $class);
    return $self;
}

#
# Stringify for output.
#
sub Stringify($)
{
    my ($self) = @_;
    
    my $nodeid  = $self->node_id();
    my $unit    = $self->unit();
    my $iface   = (defined($self->iface()) ? ":" . $self->iface() : "");
    my $vnodeid = (defined($self->vnode_id()) ? ":" . $self->vnode_id() : "");

    return "[VInterface: $nodeid:${unit}${iface}${vnodeid}]";
}

#
# On a shared node, we have to "reserve" the required bandwidth on
# the physical interface.
#
sub ReserveSharedBandwidth($$)
{
    my ($self, $bandwidth) = @_;

    my $nodeid  = $self->node_id();
    my $unit    = $self->unit();
    my $iface   = $self->iface();

    # Must be a trivial link.
    return 0
	if (!defined($iface));

    #
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    # Set the bw to the negative value; this is the bw that we need
    # to reserve later. Negative indicates we have not done it yet.
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    #
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    DBQueryWarn("update vinterfaces set bandwidth=0-${bandwidth} ".
		"where node_id='$nodeid' and unit='$unit'")
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	or return -1;
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    $self->{'DBROW'}->{'bandwidth'} = $bandwidth;
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    return 0;
}

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#
# Refresh instance by reloading from the DB.
#
sub Refresh($)
{
    my ($self) = @_;

    return -1
	if (! ref($self));

    my $nodeid  = $self->node_id();
    my $unit    = $self->unit();

    my $query_result =
	DBQueryWarn("select * from vinterfaces ".
		    "where node_id='$nodeid' and unit='$unit'");
    return undef
	if (!$query_result || !$query_result->numrows);

    $self->{"DBROW"} = $query_result->fetchrow_hashref();
    
    return 0;
}

#
# Perform some updates ...
#
sub Update($$)
{
    my ($self, $argref) = @_;

    # Must be a real reference. 
    return -1
	if (! ref($self));

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    if (exists($self->{'FAKE'})) {
	foreach my $key (keys(%{$argref})) {
	    $self->{"DBROW"}->{$key} = $argref->{$key};
	}
	return 0;
    }
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    my $nodeid  = $self->node_id();
    my $unit    = $self->unit();
    my @sets    = ();

    foreach my $key (keys(%{$argref})) {
	my $val = $argref->{$key};

	# Treat NULL special.
	push (@sets, "${key}=" . ($val eq "NULL" ?
				  "NULL" : DBQuoteSpecial($val)));
    }

    my $query = "update vinterfaces set " . join(",", @sets) .
	" where node_id='$nodeid' and unit='$unit'";

    return -1
	if (! DBQueryWarn($query));

    return Refresh($self);
}

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##############################################################################
#
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# A wrapper class for a wire. 
#
package Interface::Wire;
use libdb;
use Node;
use libtestbed;
use English;
use overload ('""' => 'Stringify');

#
# Lookup a wire, using the interface of the "pc" side.
#
sub Lookup($$)
{
    my ($class, $interface) = @_;

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    my $query_result;
    if (!ref($interface) && $interface =~ /^urn:publicid:IDN+/) {
	# Allow lookup by remote interface URN
	$query_result =
	    DBQueryWarn("select * from wires ".
			"where external_interface='$interface'");
    } else {
	if (!ref($interface)) {
	    # Allow "nodeid:card:port" argument.
	    if ($interface =~ /^([-\w]*):(\w+):(\w+)$/) {
		$interface = Interface->Lookup($1, $2, $3);
		return undef
		    if (!defined($interface));
	    }
	    else {
		return undef;
	    }
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	}
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	my $node_id1 = $interface->node_id();
	my $card1    = $interface->card();
	my $port1    = $interface->port();
	$query_result =
	    DBQueryWarn("select * from wires ".
			"where node_id1='$node_id1' and ".
			"      card1='$card1' and port1='$port1'");
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    }

    return undef
	if (!$query_result || !$query_result->numrows);

    my $wire = {};
    $wire->{"DBROW"}  = $query_result->fetchrow_hashref();
    bless($wire, $class);
    return $wire;
}
sub field($$)	       { return $_[0]->{'DBROW'}->{$_[1]}; }
sub node_id1($)        { return $_[0]->field('node_id1'); }
sub node_id2($)        { return $_[0]->field('node_id2'); }
sub card1($)           { return $_[0]->field('card1'); }
sub card2($)           { return $_[0]->field('card2'); }
sub port1($)           { return $_[0]->field('port1'); }
sub port2($)           { return $_[0]->field('port2'); }
sub type($)            { return $_[0]->field('type'); }
sub logical($)         { return $_[0]->field('logical'); }
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sub trunkid($)         { return $_[0]->field('trunkid'); }
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sub IsActive($)        { return ($_[0]->type() eq "Unused" ? 0 : 1); }

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#
# Find me a wire from either side using nodeid,card,port.
#
sub LookupAny($$$$)
{
    my ($class, $nodeid, $card, $port) = @_;

    my $query_result =
	DBQueryWarn("select * from wires ".
		    "where (node_id1='$nodeid' and ".
		    "       card1='$card' and port1='$port') or ".
		    "      (node_id2='$nodeid' and ".
		    "       card2='$card' and port2='$port')");

    return undef
	if (!$query_result || !$query_result->numrows);

    my $wire = {};
    $wire->{"DBROW"}  = $query_result->fetchrow_hashref();
    bless($wire, $class);
    return $wire;
}

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#
# Delete a logical wire and its interfaces.
#
sub Delete($)
{
    my ($self) = @_;
    my ($interface1, $interface2) = $self->Interfaces();

    if (! $self->logical()) {
	print STDERR "Refusing to delete real $self\n";
	return -1;
    }
    if (defined($interface1) && $interface1->logical()) {
	$interface1->Delete() == 0
	    or return -1;
    }
    if (defined($interface2) && $interface2->logical()) {
	$interface2->Delete() == 0
	    or return -1;
    }
    my $node_id1 = $self->node_id1();
    my $card1    = $self->card1();
    my $port1    = $self->port1();

    return -1
	if (!DBQueryWarn("delete from wires ".
			 "where logical=1 and node_id1='$node_id1' and ".
			 "      card1=$card1 and port1=$port1"));
    return 0;
}
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#
# A wire has two interfaces, but we do not always create interface
# table entries for both sides; the switch side is generally not in
# the interfaces table. 
#
sub Interfaces($)
{
    my ($self) = @_;

    return (Interface->Lookup($self->node_id1(),
			      $self->card1(), $self->port1()),
	    Interface->Lookup($self->node_id2(),
			      $self->card2(), $self->port2()));
}

#
# Stringify for output. 
#
sub Stringify($)
{
    my ($self) = @_;
    
    my $node1   = $self->node_id1();
    my $node2   = $self->node_id2();
    my $card1   = $self->card1();
    my $card2   = $self->card2();
    my $port1   = $self->port1();
    my $port2   = $self->port2();
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    my $type    = ($self->logical() ? "LogicalWire" : "Wire");
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    return "[$type: $node1:$card1:$port1/$node2:$card2:$port2]";
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}

#
# Activate a (logical) wire by setting the type. Default to "Node".
#
sub Activate($;$)
{
    my ($self, $type) = @_;
    my $node_id1 = $self->node_id1();
    my $card1    = $self->card1();
    my $port1    = $self->port1();
    $type = "Node" if (!defined($type));

    return -1
	if (!DBQueryWarn("update wires set type='$type' ".
			 "where node_id1='$node_id1' and ".
			 "      card1=$card1 and port1=$port1"));

    return 0;
}

sub DeActivate($)
{
    my ($self) = @_;
    my $node_id1 = $self->node_id1();
    my $card1    = $self->card1();
    my $port1    = $self->port1();

    return -1
	if (!DBQueryWarn("update wires set type='Unused' ".
			 "where node_id1='$node_id1' and ".
			 "      card1=$card1 and port1=$port1"));

    return 0;
}

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#
# Find all logical wires for an experiment.
#
sub ExperimentLogicalWires($$$)
{
    my ($class, $experiment, $plist) = @_;

    return -1
	if (! (ref($plist) && ref($experiment)));
    
    my $exptidx = $experiment->idx();
    my @result  = ();

    # Note that a wire between two pc interfaces will cause this
    # query to return two results, one of which is bogus, since
    # the wires table is unique on node_id1,card1,port1. Need to
    # check for this in the where clause.
    my $query_result =
	DBQueryWarn("select r.node_id,w.card1,w.port1 from reserved as r ".
		    "left join interfaces as i on i.node_id=r.node_id ".
		    "left join wires as w on w.node_id1=r.node_id and ".
		    "     w.card1=i.card and w.port1=i.port ".
		    "where i.logical=1 and r.exptidx='$exptidx' and ".
		    "      card1 is not null");
    return -1
	if (!$query_result);

    while (my ($nodeid,$card,$port) = $query_result->fetchrow_array()) {
	my $wire = Interface::Wire->Lookup("$nodeid:$card:$port");
	if (!defined($wire)) {
	    print STDERR "Could not lookup wire: $nodeid:$card:$port\n";
	    return -1;
	}
	push(@result, $wire);
    }
    @$plist = @result;
    return 0;
}

#
# Delete all logical wires for an experiment, as for swapout.
#
sub DeleteLogicalWires($$)
{
    my ($class, $experiment) = @_;
    my @wires  = ();
    my $errors = 0;

    return -1
	if (! ref($experiment));
    
    return -1
	if (Interface::Wire->ExperimentLogicalWires($experiment, \@wires));
    return 0
	if (!@wires);

    foreach my $wire (@wires) {
	print STDERR "Deleting $wire\n";
	
	if ($wire->IsActive()) {
	    print STDERR "$wire is still active; cannot delete!\n";
	    $errors++;
	}
	if ($wire->Delete()) {
	    print STDERR "$wire could not be deleted!\n";
	    $errors++;
	}
    }
    return $errors;
}

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##############################################################################
#
# A wrapper class for a "logical wire". This is a wire that exists
# cause it was created with a layer 1 switch. Basically the same as
# wire above, but this class is handy for the mapper and for display.
# Not really intended to be used outside the mapper. Use the class above.
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#
package Interface::LogicalWire;
use libdb;
use Node;
use libtestbed;
use English;
use overload ('""' => 'Stringify');

#
# Create a pair of logical interfaces that will later be wired together
# at layer 1. 
#
sub Create($$$$$$)
{
    my ($class, $impotent, $nodeA, $portA, $nodeB, $portB) = @_;

    #
    # See if one is the switch; the switch is node_id2 in the wires table.
    #
    my $pnodeA = Node->Lookup($nodeA);
    if (!defined($pnodeA)) {
	print STDERR "Could not lookup '$nodeA'\n";
	return undef;
    }
    my $pnodeB = Node->Lookup($nodeB);
    if (!defined($pnodeB)) {
	print STDERR "Could not lookup '$nodeB'\n";
	return undef;
    }
    my $interfaceA = Interface->LookupByIface($pnodeA, $portA);
    if (!defined($interfaceA)) {
	print STDERR "Could not lookup '$pnodeA:$portA'\n";
	return undef;
    }
    my $interfaceB = Interface->LookupByIface($pnodeB, $portB);
    if (!defined($interfaceB)) {
	print STDERR "Could not lookup '$pnodeB:$portB'\n";
	return undef;
    }
    
    #
    # Create interfaces, but not for things that are marked as
    # switches since we do not put interfaces for switches into
    # the interfaces table.
    #
    if (!$pnodeA->isswitch()) {
	#
	# Create a logical interface. Note we have to force a hash copy.
	#
	my %argref = %{ $interfaceA->{'DBROW'} };
	my $argref = \%argref;

	# Update the card and iface.
	# XXX Need a better way to allocate the card numbers.
	$argref->{'card'}    = $interfaceA->card() + 200;
	$argref->{'iface'}   = "eth" . $argref->{'card'};
	$argref->{'logical'} = 1;
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	$argref->{'uuid'}    = undef;
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	if (!$impotent) {
	    $interfaceA = Interface->Create($pnodeA, $argref);
	    return undef
		if (!defined($interfaceA));
	}
	else {
	    # Fake things up.
	    $interfaceA = Interface->MakeFake($pnodeA, $argref);
	}
    }
    if (!$pnodeB->isswitch()) {
	#
	# Create a logical interface. Note we have to force a hash copy.
	#
	my %argref = %{ $interfaceB->{'DBROW'} };
	my $argref = \%argref;

	# Update the card and iface.
	# XXX Need a better way to allocate the card numbers.
	$argref->{'card'}    = $interfaceB->card() + 200;
	$argref->{'iface'}   = "eth" . $argref->{'card'};
	$argref->{'logical'} = 1;
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	$argref->{'uuid'}    = undef;
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	if (!$impotent) {
	    $interfaceB = Interface->Create($pnodeB, $argref);
	    return undef
		if (!defined($interfaceB));
	}
	else {
	    # Fake things up.
	    $interfaceB = Interface->MakeFake($pnodeB, $argref);
	}
    }
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    #
    # For consistency and because we still have an implicit assumption
    # the switch is node_id2 in the wires table. 
    #
    my ($interface1,$interface2) = ($interfaceA, $interfaceB);
    if ($pnodeA->isswitch() && !$pnodeB->isswitch()) {
	($interface1,$interface2) = ($interfaceB, $interfaceA);
    }
    # Create a wires table entry, ordered properly.
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    if (!$impotent) {
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	my $node_id1 = $interface1->node_id();
	my $node_id2 = $interface2->node_id();
	my $card1    = $interface1->card();
	my $port1    = $interface1->port();
	my $card2    = $interface2->card();
	my $port2    = $interface2->port();
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	#
	# The wire is not active yet. When snmpit tuns and actually
	# wires things up at layer 1, it will update this wire to
	# reflect that. Use the 'Unused' type to indicate it is not
	# active.
	#
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	if (!DBQueryWarn("replace into wires set".
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			 "  type='Unused', logical=1, " .
			 "  node_id1='$node_id1',card1=$card1,port1=$port1, " .
			 "  node_id2='$node_id2',card2=$card2,port2=$port2")) {
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	    return undef;
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	}
    }
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    my $self = {};
    #
    # Do not reorder here; the caller will just be confused.
    #
    $self->{"interfaceA"} = $interfaceA;
    $self->{"interfaceB"} = $interfaceB;
    $self->{"interface1"} = $interface1;
    $self->{"interface2"} = $interface2;

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    bless($self, $class);
    return $self;
}
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sub interfaceA($)      { return $_[0]->{'interfaceA'}; }
sub interfaceB($)      { return $_[0]->{'interfaceB'}; }
sub nodeA($)           { return $_[0]->interfaceA()->node_id(); }
sub nodeB($)           { return $_[0]->interfaceB()->node_id(); }
sub ifaceA($)          { return $_[0]->interfaceA()->iface(); }
sub ifaceB($)          { return $_[0]->interfaceB()->iface(); }
# Wires table ordering.
sub interface1($)      { return $_[0]->{'interface1'}; }
sub interface2($)      { return $_[0]->{'interface2'}; }

#
# The wires table is indexed by node_id1,card1,port1 ... return
# something that allows us to find that wires table entry.
#
sub WireID($)
{
    my ($self) = @_;

    my $interface1 = $self->interface1();
    my $node_id1   = $interface1->node_id();
    my $card1      = $interface1->card();
    my $port1      = $interface1->port();

    return "$node_id1:$card1:$port1";
}
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#
# Stringify for output. 
#
sub Stringify($)
{
    my ($self) = @_;
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    my $interfaceA = $self->interfaceA();
    my $interfaceB = $self->interfaceB();
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    my $nodeA   = $self->nodeA();
    my $nodeB   = $self->nodeB();
    my $ifaceA  = $self->ifaceA();
    my $ifaceB  = $self->ifaceB();

    return "[LogicalWire: $nodeA:$ifaceA/$nodeB:$ifaceB]";
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}

# _Always_ make sure that this 1 is at the end of the file...
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1;
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