loghole.in 77 KB
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#! /usr/bin/env python

#
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# Copyright (c) 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007 University of Utah and the Flux Group.
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# 
# {{{EMULAB-LICENSE
# 
# This file is part of the Emulab network testbed software.
# 
# This file is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it
# under the terms of the GNU Affero General Public License as published by
# the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at
# your option) any later version.
# 
# This file is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
# ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
# FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU Affero General Public
# License for more details.
# 
# You should have received a copy of the GNU Affero General Public License
# along with this file.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
# 
# }}}
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#

import re
import pwd
import sys
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import glob
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import sets
import stat
import time
import getopt
import socket
import zipfile
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import tempfile
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import cStringIO
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import threading
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import xmlrpclib
import os, os.path
import ConfigParser

prefix = "@prefix@"

TBPATH = os.path.join(prefix, "lib")
if TBPATH not in sys.path:
    sys.path.append(TBPATH)
    pass

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from tbevent import *

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PACKAGE_VERSION = 0.1

# Default server
XMLRPC_SERVER = "@BOSSNODE@"
XMLRPC_PORT   = 3069

RSYNC = "@RSYNC@"
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ACCEPTABLE_RSYNC_STATUS = [ 0 ]
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NONRETRIABLE_RSYNC_STATUS = [ 0, 1, 2, 4 ]
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DIRS = {
    "proj" : "proj",
    "groups" : "groups",
    }

EXPDIR_FMT = os.path.join("/", DIRS["proj"], "%(PID)s", "exp", "%(EID)s")

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GLOBAL_LOGS = [
    "event-sched.log", "feedback.log", "../tbdata/feedback_data.tcl",
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    "digest.out", "report.mail", "../tbdata/%(EID)s.report"
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    ]
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EXTENSIONS = [ ".zip" ]

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LINK_DUMP_FMT = [ "trace_%s-%s.xmit", "trace_%s-%s.recv" ]
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CLEANFILE = ".cleanonsync"

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DOT_LOGHOLES = ""

DEFAULT_LOGHOLES = ["/var/emulab/logs", "/local/logs"]
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DELAYLOG2XPLOT = os.path.join(prefix, "bin", "delaylog2xplot")

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MERGECAP = "/usr/X11R6/bin/mergecap"
TCPTRACE = "/usr/local/bin/tcptrace"
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TEVC     = os.path.join(prefix, "bin", "tevc")
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PID = None
EID = None

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COLLAB_PW = None
DPDBNAME  = None

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try:
    pw = pwd.getpwuid(os.getuid())
    pass
except KeyError:
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    sys.stderr.write("error: unknown user id %d" % os.getuid())
    sys.exit(2)
    pass

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USER = pw.pw_name
HOME = pw.pw_dir
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CERTIFICATE = os.path.join(HOME, ".ssl", "emulab.pem")

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PARALLELIZATION = 25
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DEBUG = 0

VERBOSITY_MACHINE = 1
VERBOSITY_HUMAN = 2

VERBOSITY = VERBOSITY_HUMAN

SERVER = None

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# For compressfile stuff
COMPRESSFILE_THRESHOLD  = 512 * 1024
COMPRESSFILE_EXTENSIONS = [ ".zip", ".gz", ".bz2" ]
COMPRESSFILE_PROGRAM    = "/usr/bin/gzip"

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OSIDS = {}

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JOB_TRIES = 3
JOB_PROGRESS = [ "-", "\\", "|", "/" ]
JOB_PROGRESS_INDEX = 0

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if len(XMLRPC_SERVER) == 0:
    sys.stderr.write("internal error: XMLRPC_SERVER is empty\n")
    sys.exit(2)
    pass

if len(RSYNC) == 0:
    sys.stderr.write("internal error: RSYNC is empty\n")
    sys.exit(2)
    pass

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def loghole_include(path):
    retval = ""

    prefix = "/"
    for comp in path.split("/"):
        if comp != "":
            prefix = prefix + comp + "/"
            retval = retval + "+ " + prefix + "\n"
            pass
        pass

    retval = retval + "+ " + prefix + "**\n"
    
    return retval

for path in DEFAULT_LOGHOLES:
    DOT_LOGHOLES += loghole_include(path)
    pass

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##
# Initialize the XML-RPC server proxy, if it has not already been done.  After
# returning, the SERVER variable will hold the proxy object.
#
def init_server():
    global SERVER

    if not SERVER:
        if not os.path.exists(CERTIFICATE):
            sys.stderr.write("error: missing emulab certificate: %s\n" %
                             CERTIFICATE)
            sys.exit(2)
            pass
        
        from M2Crypto.m2xmlrpclib import SSL_Transport
        from M2Crypto import SSL
        
        URI = "https://" + XMLRPC_SERVER + ":" + str(XMLRPC_PORT) + prefix
        
        ctx = SSL.Context("sslv23")
        ctx.load_cert(CERTIFICATE, CERTIFICATE)
        ctx.set_verify(SSL.verify_none, 16)
        ctx.set_allow_unknown_ca(0)
        
        SERVER = xmlrpclib.ServerProxy(URI, SSL_Transport(ctx))
        pass
    return

##
# Download the user's experiment list from the XML-RPC server.
#
# @return A list of (pid, eid) pairs for each experiment created by the user.
#
def get_explist():
    global SERVER

    from emulabclient import RESPONSE_SUCCESS
    
    retval = []
    
    init_server()
    
    list_method = getattr(SERVER, "experiment.getlist")
    elist = list_method(PACKAGE_VERSION, {})
    
    if elist["code"] != RESPONSE_SUCCESS:
        sys.stderr.write("error: " + elist["output"] + "\n")
        sys.exit(1)
        pass
    else:
        for project in elist["value"]:
            for group in elist["value"][project]:
                for exp in elist["value"][project][group]:
                    retval.append((project, exp))
                    pass
                pass
            pass
        pass
    
    return retval

##
# Print the top level usage statement for the whole tool.
#
def usage():
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    print "Usage: loghole [-hV] [-e pid/eid|-a] [OPTIONS] <action> [...]"
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    print
    print "Manage an experiment's log hole."
    print
    print "Optional arguments:"
    print "  -h, --help                Print this message, or the action's"
    print "                            usage message."
    print "  -V, --version             Print version information."
    print "  -d, --debug               Turn on debugging messages."
    print "  -q, --quiet               Be less verbose."
    print "  -v, --verbose             Be more verbose."
    print "  -e, --experiment=PID/EID  Specify the experiment to manage."
    print "  -a, --all                 Perform the action on all of your "
    print "                            experiments."
    print "  -s, --server=SERVER       Specify the XML-RPC server to use."
    print "                            (Default: %s)" % XMLRPC_SERVER
    print "  -P, --port=PORT           Specify the XML-RPC server port."
    print "                            (Default: %d)" % XMLRPC_PORT
    print
    print "Actions:"
    print "  sync      Synchronize the experiment's log holes with the"
    print "            experiment's log directory."
    print "  archive   Archive the contents of the experiment's log directory."
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    print "  change    Change the metadata of an existing archive."
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    print "  list      Print a brief listing of the archives in the"
    print "            experiment's log directory."
    print "  show      Show a detailed listing of the archive(s) in the"
    print "            experiment directory."
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    print "  validate  Validate the experiment logs."
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    print "  clean     Clean the experiment log directory and node local"
    print "            directories."
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    print "  gc        Garbage collect old archives."
    print
    print "Environment:"
    print "  cwd       The project and experiment ID will be inferred from the"
    print "            current working directory, if it is inside the"
    print "            experiment's directory (e.g. /proj/foo/exp/bar)."
    print
    print "Examples:"
    print "  $ loghole -e foo/bar sync"
    print "  $ loghole -e foo/bar list"
    return

##
# Print the usage statement for the "sync" action.
#
def sync_usage():
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    print "Usage: loghole sync [-nPsR] [-r remotedir] [-l localdir] [node1 ...]"
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    print
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    print "Synchronize the experiment's log holes with a local directory."
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    print
    print "Optional arguments:"
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    print "  -r, --remote=REMOTEDIR"
    print "               An additional remote directory to sync.  This option"
    print "               is additive, so you can download several additional"
    print "               directories."
    print "  -l, --local=LOCALDIR"
    print "               The local directory to store the downloaded files."
    print "               This defaults to the experiment's log directory."
    print "  -n, --no-standard"
    print "               Flag that indicates that the standard logholes"
    print "               (i.e. '/var/emulab/logs', '/local/logs') should not"
    print "               be downloaded."
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    print "  -P, --no-post"
    print "               Do not do any additional post processing."
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    print "  -s, --snapshot"
    print "               Send a SNAPSHOT event to any link trace agents."
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    print "  -R, --root"
    print "               Use sudo on remote nodes to read files as root."
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    print "  node1 ...    The names of the virtual or physical nodes that "
    print "               should be synced.  The default behavior is to sync "
    print "               all of the nodes in an experiment."
    print
    print "Files:"
    print "  /proj/<pid>/exp/<eid>/logs/<node>/<loghole>"
    print "               The location of the log hole for a particular node."
    print
    print "Examples:"
    print "  $ loghole sync"
    return

##
# Print the usage statement for the "archive" action.
#
def archive_usage():
    print ("Usage: loghole archive [-k (i-delete|space-is-needed)] "
           "[-a days] [-c comment] [-d] [archive-name]")
    print
    print "Archive the contents of the experiment's log directory.  The"
    print "archive will be a zip file containing all of the directories"
    print "under the experiment's log directory, any extra log files"
    print "at the top (e.g. event-sched.log), and some metadata."
    print
    print "Optional arguments:"
    print "  -k, --keep-until=(i-delete|space-is-needed)"
    print "                         Keep the archive until you decide to"
    print "                         delete it manually or space is needed."
    print "                         (Default: space-is-needed)"
    print "  -a, --keep-atleast=N   Keep the archive atleast N days after"
    print "                         creation.  This value keeps the archive "
    print "                         from being garbage collected when more "
    print "                         space is needed. (Default: 3 days)"
    print "  -c, --comment=COMMENT  Add a comment to the archive. This comment"
    print "                         will be displayed in the listing generated"
    print "                         by the 'show' action.  Use a single dash "
    print "                         (-) to read the comment from standard in."
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    print "  -d, --delete           Mark the experiment as clean-on-sync to"
    print "                         remove stale data before another sync."
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    print
    print "Required arguments:"
    print "  archive-name  The name of the archive to create."
    print "                (Default: The experiment name)"
    print
    print "Files:"
    print "  /proj/<pid>/exp/<eid>/logs/<archive-name>.<instance>.zip"
    print
    print "Examples:"
    print "  $ loghole archive foobar"
    return

##
# Print the usage statement for the "list" action.
#
def list_usage():
    print "Usage: loghole list [-O1!Xo] [-m atmost] [-s megabytes]"
    print
    print "Print a brief listing of the archives in the experiment's log"
    print "directory.  The listing can be helpful in getting an idea of"
    print "what archives are in your experiment and when they are likely"
    print "to be garbage collected."
    print
    print "Optional arguments:"
    print "  -O                    Only list archives that are marked as 'keep"
    print "                        until \"i-delete\"'."
    print "  -1                    Only list archives that are a day from"
    print "                        their keep-atleast date."
    print "  -!                    Only list archives that are past their"
    print "                        keep-atleast date."
    print "  -X                    Only list archives that are ready to be"
    print "                        garbage collected."
    print "  -o                    List archives that do not match the above"
    print "                        flags."
    print "  -m, --keep-atmost=N   Keep at most N archives in the experiment."
    print "                        (Default: 100)"
    print "  -s, --keep-size=N     Keep at N megabytes of archives."
    print "                        (Default: 3.0 MB)"
    print
    print "Examples:"
    print "  $ loghole list"
    print "  GC  Name             Date"
    print
    print "  [ ] foobar.1.zip     10/15"
    print "  [!] foobar.0.zip     10/13"
    print "  ..."
    print
    print "  $ loghole -q list -!"
    print "  foobar.0.zip"
    return

##
# Print the usage statement for the "show" action.
#
def show_usage():
    print "Usage: loghole show [archive-name]"
    print
    print "Show a detailed listing of the archive(s) in the experiment"
    print "directory.  The listing shows all of the metadata for the archive,"
    print "comments, and the file listing."
    print
    print "Example:"
    print "  $ loghole show foobar"
    print "  Archive: foobar.0.zip"
    print "    Creator:\t\t%s" % USER
    print "    ..."
    print "  Archive: foobar.1.zip"
    print "    ..."
    return

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##
# Print the usage statement for the "change" action.
#
def change_usage():
    print ("Usage: loghole change [-k (i-delete|space-is-needed)] "
           "[-a days] [-c comment] <archive-name1> [archive-name2 ...]")
    print
    print "Change the metadata of an existing archive."
    print
    print "Optional arguments:"
    print "  -k, --keep-until=(i-delete|space-is-needed)"
    print "                         Keep the archive until you decide to"
    print "                         delete it manually or space is needed."
    print "                         (Default: space-is-needed)"
    print "  -a, --keep-atleast=N   Keep the archive atleast N days after"
    print "                         creation.  This value keeps the archive "
    print "                         from being garbage collected when more "
    print "                         space is needed. (Default: 3 days)"
    print "  -c, --comment=COMMENT  Add a comment to the archive. This comment"
    print "                         will be displayed in the listing generated"
    print "                         by the 'show' action.  Use a single dash "
    print "                         (-) to read the comment from standard in."
    print
    print "Required arguments:"
    print "  archive-name  The name of the archive to change."
    print
    print "Files:"
    print "  /proj/<pid>/exp/<eid>/logs/<archive-name>.<instance>.zip"
    print
    print "Examples:"
    print "  $ loghole change -c 'Results bad...' foobar"
    return

##
# Print the usage statement for the "validate" action.
#
def validate_usage():
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    print "Usage: loghole validate"
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    print
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    print "Validate the experiment logs.  Currently, this action will:"
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    print
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    print "  1. Examine the log files from individual logs from the "
    print "     program-agent to verify that the files are intact."
    print "  2. Check that the referent of any soft-links exist."
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    print
    print "Examples:"
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    print "  $ loghole validate"
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    return

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##
# Print the usage statement for the "clean" action.
#
def clean_usage():
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    print "Usage: loghole clean [-fneR] [node1 ...]"
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    print
    print "Clean the experiment log directory by removing any subdirectories"
    print "and/or clean the log holes on the nodes.  The default behavior is"
    print "to clean both."
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    print
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    print "Optional arguments:"
    print "  -f, --force         Do not ask for confirmation."
    print "  -n, --nodes         Clean only the nodes log directories."
    print "  -e, --experiment    Clean only the experiment log directory."
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    print "  -R, --root          Use sudo to clean nodes as root."
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    print
    print "Examples:"
    print "  $ loghole clean"
    return

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##
# Print the usage statement for the "gc" action.
#
def gc_usage():
    print "Usage: loghole gc [-n] [-m atmost] [-s megabytes]"
    print
    print "Garbage collect old log archives."
    print
    print "Optional arguments:"
    print "  -n, --dry-run         Perform a dry run, do not delete any files."
    print "  -m, --keep-atmost=N   Keep at most N archives in the experiment."
    print "                        (Default: 100)"
    print "  -s, --keep-size=N     Keep at N megabytes of archives."
    print "                        (Default: 3.0 MB)"
    print
    print "Examples:"
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    print "  $ loghole gc -n -m 1"
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    print "  Reclaimed 3421 bytes from foo/bar."
    print "  52434 bytes are still in foo/bar."
    print
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    print "  $ loghole -q gc -m 1"
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    print "  3421 52434"
    return

##
# Infer the project and experiment IDs from the given list of directories.
#
# @param *args The list of directories to check for likely PID/EID values.
# @return A pair containing the project and experiment IDs, which will be None
# if the IDs could not be inferred.
#
def infer_pid_eid(*args):
    pid = None
    eid = None
    for path in args:
        dirs = path.split(os.path.sep)
        if ((len(dirs) < 6) or not
            ((DIRS["proj"] in dirs and
              "exp" in dirs[dirs.index(DIRS["proj"]):]) or
             (len(dirs) >= 6 and
              (DIRS["groups"] in dirs and
               "exp" in dirs[dirs.index(DIRS["groups"]):])))):
            # No match...
            pass
        else:
            if DIRS["proj"] in dirs:
                pid = dirs[dirs.index(DIRS["proj"]) + 1]
                pass
            else:
                pid = dirs[dirs.index(DIRS["groups"]) + 1]
                pass
            eid = dirs[dirs.index("exp") + 1]
            pass
        pass

    return pid, eid

##
# Attempt to open a loghole archive located at the given path.  An archive
# must be a zip file with a "loghole.cfg" file stored in the root directory.
#
# @param path The path to the loghole archive.
# @return A pair containing the ZipFile object referring to the archive and a
# ConfigParser object that contains the archive's metadata.
#
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def open_loghole(path, mode='r'):
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    retval = None, None
    if zipfile.is_zipfile(path):
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        zf = zipfile.ZipFile(path, mode)
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        if "loghole.cfg" in zf.namelist():
            cio = cStringIO.StringIO(zf.read("loghole.cfg"))
            cp = ConfigParser.ConfigParser()
            cp.readfp(cio)
            retval = zf, cp
            zf = None
            pass
        if zf:
            zf.close()
            pass
        pass
    
    return retval

##
# Generate a name that is unique in the context of the given list of entries.
#
# @param base The base of the file name.
# @param ext The file name extension.
# @param entries An iterable containing any existing file names.
# @return A string of the form "<base>.<unique #>.<ext>".
#
def uniquish_name(base, ext, entries):
    retval = None
    lpc = 0
    while not retval:
        name = base + "." + str(lpc) + "." + ext
        if name not in entries:
            retval = name
            pass
        lpc = lpc + 1
        pass
    
    return retval

##
# Callback for os.walk() that writes files to the ZipFile.
#
# @param zf The ZipFile object that files should be added to.
# @param dirname The current directory name.
# @param names The list of files in the current directory.
#
def file_archiver(zf, dirname, names):
    for entry in names:
        entry = os.path.join(dirname, entry)
        if os.path.isfile(entry):
            zf.write(entry)
            pass
        pass

    return

##
# Sort the list of log archives in the current directory based on when they
# should be garbage collected.
#
# @param keep_atmost The maximum number of archives that should be kept, any
# extras are marked as collectable.
# @param keep_size The number of megabytes of archives to keep.
# @return A dictionary containing: "del", a list of archives that will be
# deleted at the next GC; "safe", a list of archives that are marked "keep
# until 'i-delete'"; "soon", the remaining archives; "reclaimed-size", the
# amount of data that will be reclaimed at the next GC; and "inuse-size", the
# amount of data that will remain after the next GC.
#
def sort_archives(keep_atmost, keep_size):
    
    keep_size = keep_size * 1024 * 1024

    reclaimed_size = 0
    inuse_size = 0 # In-use size for non-gc'able archives
    inuse_gc_size = 0 # In-use size for gc'able archives
    
    current_time = time.time()
    
    retval_del = []
    retval_safe = []
    retval_soon = []
    exp_logholes = []

    # Walk the directory collecting archives and sorting them into "safe" and
    # to-be-determined lists.
    for entry in os.listdir(os.curdir):
        st = os.stat(entry)
        lh, cp = open_loghole(entry)
        if lh:
            keep_until = cp.get("MAIN", "keep-until")
            if keep_until == "i-delete":
                if DEBUG:
                    print "loghole: ignoring - " + entry
                    pass

                retval_safe.append(entry)
                inuse_size = inuse_size + st[stat.ST_SIZE]
                pass
            else:
                created = time.mktime(time.strptime(cp.get("MAIN", "created")))
                keep_atleast = (cp.getint("MAIN", "keep-atleast") *
                                60 * 60 * 24)

                inuse_gc_size = inuse_gc_size + st[stat.ST_SIZE]
                exp_logholes.append((entry, st, created + keep_atleast))
                pass
            lh.close()
            pass
        pass

    # Sort the archives from oldest keep-atleast time to newest, then
    exp_logholes.sort(lambda x, y: cmp(x[2], y[2]))

    # ... divide them between the del list and the soon list depending on
    # whether or not space is needed.
    for entry, st, expiration in exp_logholes:
        if inuse_gc_size > keep_size:
            if DEBUG:
                print "loghole: stale entry - " + entry
                pass

            retval_del.append(entry)
            inuse_gc_size = inuse_gc_size - st[stat.ST_SIZE]
            reclaimed_size = reclaimed_size + st[stat.ST_SIZE]
            pass
        else:
            retval_soon.append(entry)
            pass
        pass

    # Resort the list in the reverse direction for keep-atleast time.
    exp_logholes = [x for x in exp_logholes if x[0] in retval_soon]
    exp_logholes.sort(lambda x, y: cmp(y[2], x[2]))

    # Update the inuse_size for the archives below the keep-atmost value, then
    for entry, st, expiration in exp_logholes[0:keep_atmost]:
        if DEBUG:
            print ("loghole: keeping '"
                   + entry
                   + "' until "
                   + time.ctime(expiration))
            pass

        inuse_size = inuse_size + st[stat.ST_SIZE]
        pass

    # ... move the rest to the "del" list and
    for entry, st, expiration in exp_logholes[keep_atmost:]:
        if DEBUG:
            print "loghole: excess entry - " + entry
            pass

        retval_soon.remove(entry)
        retval_del.append(entry)
        reclaimed_size = reclaimed_size + st[stat.ST_SIZE]
        pass

    # ... drop the end of the array.
    del retval_soon[keep_atmost:]

    return {
        "del" : retval_del,
        "safe" : retval_safe,
        "soon" : retval_soon,
        "reclaimed-size" : reclaimed_size,
        "inuse-size" : inuse_size,
        }

##
# Performs the "archive" action, which involves building a zip file containing
# all of the logs.
#
# @param args Action-specific command line arguments.
#
def do_archive(args):
    retval = 0

    keep_until = "space-is-needed"
    keep_atleast = 3
    comments = []
    delete_dir = False

    # Parse action-specific options and arguments.
    try:
        opts, args = getopt.getopt(args, "k:a:c:d", [
            "keep-until=", "keep-atleast=", "comment=", "delete" ])
        for opt, val in opts:
            if opt in ("-k", "--keep-until"):
                if val == "i-delete" or val == "space-is-needed":
                    keep_until = val
                    pass
                else:
                    raise getopt.error(
                        'error: expecting "i-delete" or "space-is-needed" for '
                        'keep until value, got - ' + val)
                pass
            elif opt in ("-a", "--keep-atleast"):
                try:
                    keep_atleast = int(val)
                    pass
                except:
                    raise getopt.error(
                        'error: expecting integer for keep atleast value, '
                        'got - ' + val)
                pass
            elif opt in ("-c", "--comment"):
                if val == "-":
                    comments.append(sys.stdin.read())
                    pass
                else:
                    comments.append(val)
                    pass
                pass
            elif opt in ("-d", "--delete"):
                delete_dir = True
                pass
            pass
        
        if len(args) > 1:
            raise getopt.error(
                'error: too many arguments for "archive" action.')
        pass
    except getopt.error, e:
        print e.args[0]
        archive_usage()
        return 2

    if len(args) < 1:
        archive_base = EID
        pass
    else:
        archive_base = args[0]
        pass

    logdir = os.path.join(EXPDIR_FMT % { "PID" : PID, "EID" : EID }, "logs")
    os.chdir(logdir)

    # Figure out a unique name for the archive,
    archive_name = uniquish_name(archive_base, 'zip', os.listdir(logdir))

    # ... create a new zip file,
    zf = zipfile.ZipFile(archive_name, 'w', zipfile.ZIP_DEFLATED)

    # ... fill it up with the node log holes, and
    for entry in os.listdir(logdir):
        if os.path.isdir(entry):
            os.path.walk(entry, file_archiver, zf)
            pass
        pass

    # ... any global log files (e.g. event-sched.log).
    for log in GLOBAL_LOGS:
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        formatted_log = log % { "PID" : PID, "EID" : EID }
        if os.path.exists(formatted_log):
            zf.write(formatted_log)
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            pass
        pass

    # Construct the meta-data.
    cp = ConfigParser.ConfigParser()
    cp.add_section("MAIN")
    cp.set("MAIN", "created", time.ctime(time.time()))
    cp.set("MAIN", "creator", USER)
    cp.set("MAIN", "project", PID)
    cp.set("MAIN", "experiment", EID)
    cp.set("MAIN", "keep-until", keep_until)
    cp.set("MAIN", "keep-atleast", keep_atleast)
    
    cio = cStringIO.StringIO()
    cp.write(cio)

    loghole_zi = zipfile.ZipInfo()
    loghole_zi.filename = "loghole.cfg"
    ct = time.localtime(time.time())
    loghole_zi.date_time = (ct[0], ct[1], ct[2], ct[3], ct[4], ct[5])
    loghole_zi.compress_type = zipfile.ZIP_STORED
    loghole_zi.comment = "Log hole meta-data"
    
    zf.writestr(loghole_zi, cio.getvalue())

    # Add any comments.
    ct = time.localtime(time.time())
    lpc = 0
    for comment in comments:
        loghole_zi = zipfile.ZipInfo()
        loghole_zi.filename = "loghole-comment.%d.txt" % lpc
        loghole_zi.date_time = (ct[0], ct[1], ct[2], ct[3], ct[4], ct[5])
        loghole_zi.compress_type = zipfile.ZIP_DEFLATED
        loghole_zi.comment = "Loghole comment #%d" % lpc

        zf.writestr(loghole_zi, comment)

        lpc = lpc + 1
        pass
    
    if DEBUG:
        zf.printdir()
        pass
    
    zf.close()

    if delete_dir:
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        open(CLEANFILE, 'w')
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        os.chmod(CLEANFILE, 0664)
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        pass

    if VERBOSITY == VERBOSITY_MACHINE:
        print archive_name
        pass
    elif VERBOSITY >= VERBOSITY_HUMAN:
        print "Created log hole archive: " + archive_name
        pass
    
    return retval

##
# Performs the "show" action, which shows a detailed listing of a log archive.
#
# @param args Action-specific command line arguments.
#
def do_show(args):
    retval = 0

    logdir = os.path.join(EXPDIR_FMT % { "PID" : PID, "EID" : EID }, "logs")
    os.chdir(logdir)
    
    for entry in os.listdir(logdir):
        if len(args) == 0 or entry.startswith(args[0]):
            lh, cp = open_loghole(entry)
            if lh:
                print "Archive: " + entry
                print ("  Project/Experiment:\t%s/%s" %
                       (cp.get("MAIN", "project"),
                        cp.get("MAIN", "experiment")))
                print "  Creator:\t\t%s" % cp.get("MAIN", "creator")
                print "  Created:\t\t%s" % cp.get("MAIN", "created")
                print "  Keep-until:\t\t%s" % cp.get("MAIN", "keep-until")
                print ("  Keep-atleast:\t\t%s days" %
                       cp.get("MAIN", "keep-atleast"))
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                if "report.mail" in lh.namelist():
                    print "Report:"
                    print lh.read("report.mail")
                    pass
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                for name in lh.namelist():
                    if re.match(r'loghole-comment.*\.txt', name):
                        before = 38 - (len(name) / 2)
                        after = 77 - before - len(name)
                        print "%s %s %s" % ("-" * before, name, "-" * after)
                        print lh.read(name)
                        pass
                    pass
                print "=" * 79
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                try:
                    lh.printdir()
                    pass
                except IOError:
                    pass
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                lh.close()
                print
                pass
            pass
        pass
    
    return retval

##
# Run rsync for a given host and list of files.
#
# @param host The host to sync against.
# @param base The local directory where the downloaded files should be placed.
# @param *args The list of directories to sync.
# @retval The exit status of the rsync command-line.
#
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def rsync(host, base, dlpath = None, paths = ["/"], port = None,
          output = False, delay = 0, as_root = False, relative = True):
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    global RSYNC, HOME, DEBUG
    
    retval = 0
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    for path in paths:
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        if relative == True:
            fullpath = os.path.join("", base, path[1:], "")
        else:
            fullpath = base
            pass
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        try:
            os.makedirs(fullpath)
            pass
        except OSError:
            pass
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        cmd = [RSYNC,
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               "-rtgoDl",
               "-z", # rsync compression, ssh compression turned off below
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               "-v", # XXX
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               "--copy-unsafe-links"]
        if dlpath != None:
            cmd.append("--include-from=" + dlpath)
            pass
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        if VERBOSITY > VERBOSITY_HUMAN:
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            cmd.append("-v")
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            pass
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        ssh_args = ("ssh -o BatchMode=yes -o StrictHostKeyChecking=no "
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                    + "-o Compression=no "
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                    + "-o UserKnownHostsFile="
                    + os.path.join(HOME, ".ssh", "emulab_known_hosts"))
        if port:
            ssh_args += " -p " + str(port)
            pass
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        if as_root:
            cmd.append("--rsync-path=sudo rsync")
            pass
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        cmd.extend([("--rsh=" + ssh_args),
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                    host + ":" + path,
                    fullpath])
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        if DEBUG:
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            print `cmd`
            retval = -1
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            pass
        else:
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            retval = os.fork()
            if retval != 0:
                # Parent
                pass
            else:
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                try:
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                    if delay > 0:
                        time.sleep(delay)
                        pass
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                    os.close(0)
                    os.open("/dev/null", os.O_RDONLY)
                    if output:
                        os.close(1)
                        fd = os.open(os.path.join(base, ".rsync.out"),
                                     os.O_CREAT|os.O_TRUNC|os.O_WRONLY,
                                     0664)
                        os.dup2(fd, 2)
                        pass
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                    try:
                        os.execve(RSYNC, cmd, os.environ)
                    except OSError, e:
                        sys.stderr.write(
                            "error: unable to exec '%s' - %s\n"
                            "error: args=%s\n"
                            % (RSYNC, e.strerror, `cmd`))
                        pass
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                    os._exit(127)
                    pass
                except:
                    sys.exit(1)
                    pass
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                pass
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            pass
        pass
    
    return retval

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def rmstar(host, port, delay, as_root, *args):
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    global HOME, DEBUG

    retval = 0
    for path in args:
        cmd = ["/usr/bin/ssh",
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               "-o", "BatchMode=yes",
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               "-o", "StrictHostKeyChecking=no",
               "-o", ("UserKnownHostsFile=" +
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                      os.path.join(HOME, ".ssh", "emulab_known_hosts"))]
        if port:
            cmd.extend([ "-p", str(port) ])
            pass
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        cmd.extend([ host ])
        if as_root:
            cmd.extend(["sudo"])
        cmd.extend(["rm", "-rf", path ])
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        if DEBUG:
            print `cmd`
            retval = -1
            pass
        else:
            retval = os.fork()
            if retval != 0:
                # Parent
                pass
            else:
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                if delay > 0:
                    time.sleep(delay)
                    pass
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                os.execve("/usr/bin/ssh", cmd, os.environ)
                os._exit(127)
                pass
            pass
        pass
    
    return retval
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def print_status(msg):
    if not sys.stdout.isatty() or VERBOSITY < VERBOSITY_HUMAN:
        return
    
    sys.stdout.write(msg)
    sys.stdout.flush()
    
    return

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#
# Compress a file. Return False if file is skipped for whatever reason.
#
def compressfile(root, file, threshold):
    pathname = os.path.join(root, file)
    if not os.path.exists(pathname):
        return False
    statinfo = os.stat(pathname)
    mode     = statinfo[stat.ST_MODE]
    size     = statinfo[stat.ST_SIZE]
    # Only regular files
    if not stat.S_ISREG(mode):
        return False
    # Only files greater then threshold
    if not size >= threshold:
        return False
    first, last = os.path.splitext(pathname)
    # Try to avoid compressing things that are already compressed.
    if last in COMPRESSFILE_EXTENSIONS:
        return False
    # Lets be careful of foo and foo.gz, which is from a previous run.
    if os.path.exists(pathname + ".gz"):
        os.unlink(pathname + ".gz")
        pass
    print_status("Compressing " + pathname + " --> " + pathname + ".gz\n")
    exitval = os.system(COMPRESSFILE_PROGRAM + " %s " % (pathname,))
    if exitval != 0:
        return False
    return True

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def print_job_status(mode, hosts, jobs, hoststatus, hoststart):
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    if not sys.stdout.isatty() or VERBOSITY < VERBOSITY_HUMAN:
        return
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    lmsg = "nodes todo/doing/done %d/%d/%d "
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    rmsg = mode + " time min/avg/max: %.2f/%.2f/%.2f secs"
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    hosttimes = map(lambda x:
                    hoststatus.get(x, (time.time(),))[0] - hoststart[x],
                    hoststart.keys())
    
    if len(hosttimes) == 0:
        hosttimes = [0]
        avg = 0.0
        pass
    else:
        avg = sum(hosttimes) / len(hosttimes)
        pass
    lmsg = lmsg % (
        len(hosts) - len(hoststatus) - len(jobs),
        len(jobs),
        len(hoststatus))
    rmsg = rmsg % (
        min(hosttimes),
        avg,
        max(hosttimes))
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    line_len = len(lmsg) + len(rmsg) + 2
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    if line_len < 79:
        lmsg += " " * (79 - line_len)
        pass
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    print_status(lmsg + rmsg + " "
                 + JOB_PROGRESS[JOB_PROGRESS_INDEX % len(JOB_PROGRESS)] + "\r")
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    return
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##
# Detect changes in the rsync log file sizes.
#
# @param jobs The hashtable of jobs
# @param logsize The hashtable of previous log file sizes.
# @param logdir The root directory for log files.
# @return True if the size of any of the log files has changed.
#
def making_progress(jobs, logsize, logdir):
    retval = False
    for pid in jobs:
        phost, vhost = jobs[pid]
        try:
            st = os.stat(os.path.join(logdir, vhost, ".rsync.out"))
            if st[stat.ST_SIZE] > logsize[pid]:
                retval = True
                logsize[pid] = st[stat.ST_SIZE]
                pass
            pass
        except OSError:
            pass
        pass
    
    return retval

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##
# Trace preprocessing.
#
# @param traces Sequence of dictionaries describing the active link tracers.
#
def trace_pre(traces):
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    if len(traces) == 0:
        return;
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    rc = os.system(TEVC + " -w -t 30 -e %s/%s now __all_tracemon snapshot" %
                   (PID, EID))
    if rc != 0:
        print "Could not SNAPSHOT the trace agents!";
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        pass
    return

##
# Trace post processing
#
# @param link2trace Dictionary containing the link names that map to a sequence
# of dictionaries containing individual trace information.
#
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def trace_post(link2trace):
    lpc = 1
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    sql = []
    
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    for linkvname in link2trace.keys():
        print_status("linktrace post processing %d/%d  " %
                     (lpc, len(link2trace)))
        args = {}
        os.chdir(linkvname)
        for filename in glob.glob("*.recv*"):
            base, ext = os.path.splitext(filename)
            if base.startswith("__") or ext == ".recv":
                continue
            al = args.get(ext, [])
            al.append(filename)
            args[ext] = al
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            stuff = base.split(".");
            trace_db = link2trace[linkvname][stuff[0]]["trace_db"]
            if trace_db != "0":
                sql.append(linkvname + "/" + filename)
                pass
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            pass
        for ext in args.keys():
            if ext == ".recv":
                continue
            dst = "__all.recv%s" % (ext,)
            print_status(".")
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            if os.path.exists(MERGECAP):
                os.system(MERGECAP + " -w %s %s" % (dst, " ".join(args[ext])))
                pass
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            print_status(".")
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            if ext != ".0":
                if not os.path.exists(ext[1:]):
                    os.mkdir(ext[1:])
                    pass
                os.chdir(ext[1:])
                dst = os.path.join(os.path.pardir, dst)
                pass
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            if os.path.exists(TCPTRACE):
                os.system(TCPTRACE + " -y -G %s > .tcptrace.out" % (dst,))
                pass
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            if ext != ".0":
                os.chdir(os.path.pardir)
                pass
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            pass
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        print_status("\r")
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        os.chdir(os.path.pardir)
        lpc += 1
        pass

    if len(link2trace.keys()):
        print_status("\n")
        pass
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    # Now do the DB enters.
    if len(sql) != 0:
        SNORTCONF  = ".snort.conf"
        SNORTOUT   = ".snort.out"
        USERRULES  = "snort.rules"
        
        print_status("Entering trace data into mysql DB %s" % DPDBNAME)

        # snort needs a config file to do anything useful
        os.system("/bin/rm -f %s %s" % (SNORTCONF, SNORTOUT))
        
        fp = open(SNORTCONF, 'w')
        os.chmod(SNORTCONF, 0600)
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        fp.write("output database: log, mysql, user=%s dbname=%s password=%s\n" %
                 (USER, DPDBNAME, COLLAB_PW))
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        # Allow user to override default rules.
        if os.path.exists(USERRULES):
            fp.write("include ./%s" % (USERRULES,))
            pass
        else:
            fp.write("log ip any any -> any any\n")
            pass
        fp.close()
        
        for filename in sql:
            print_status(".")
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            os.system("snort -k none -l ./ -c ./%s -r %s > %s 2>&1" %
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                      (SNORTCONF, filename, SNORTOUT))
            print_status(".")
            pass
        print_status("\n")
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        os.system("/bin/rm -f %s" % (SNORTCONF,))
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        pass
    
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    return

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##
# Performs the "sync" action, which synchronizes the logholes for a group of
# nodes.
#
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# XXX This method is in dire need of a rewrite.
#
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# @param args Action-specific command line arguments.
#
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def do_sync(args, mode="sync", must_be_active=1, as_root=False):
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    from emulabclient import RESPONSE_SUCCESS
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    global OSIDS, SERVER, DOT_LOGHOLES, JOB_PROGRESS_INDEX
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    global DPDBNAME, COLLAB_PW
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    retval = 0
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    delete_dir = False
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    logdir = os.path.join(EXPDIR_FMT % { "PID" : PID, "EID" : EID }, "logs")
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    # Special dir for local program agent (or other stuff).
    opsdir = os.path.join(EXPDIR_FMT % { "PID" : PID, "EID" : EID }, "ops")
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    standard_logholes = True
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    snapshot_traces = False
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    post_process = True
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    compress = False
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    extra_logholes = []

    try:
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        opts, node_list = getopt.getopt(args, "nl:r:PsdcR", [
            "no-standard", "local=", "remote=", "delete", "compress", "root"])
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        for opt, val in opts:
            if opt in ("-n", "--no-standard"):
                standard_logholes = False
                pass
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            elif opt in ("-P", "--no-post"):
                post_process = False
                pass
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            elif opt in ("-l", "--local"):
                logdir = os.path.abspath(val)
                if not os.path.isdir(logdir):
                    raise getopt.error(
                        'error: local directory does not exist - '
                        + logdir)
                pass
            elif opt in ("-r", "--remote"):
                extra_logholes.append(val)
                pass
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            elif opt in ("-s", "--snapshot"):
                snapshot_traces = True
                pass
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            elif opt in ("-d", "--delete"):
                delete_dir = True
                pass
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            elif opt in ("-c", "--compress"):
                compress = True
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            elif opt in ("-R", "--root"):
                as_root = True
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                pass
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            pass
        pass
    except getopt.error, e:
        print e.args[0]
        sync_usage()
        return 2

    if not standard_logholes:
        DOT_LOGHOLES = ""
        pass
    
    for path in extra_logholes:
        DOT_LOGHOLES += loghole_include(path)
        pass

    DOT_LOGHOLES += "- *\n"
    
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    init_server()
    
    state_method = getattr(SERVER, "experiment.state")
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    os.chdir(logdir)
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    if standard_logholes and os.path.exists(CLEANFILE):
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        do_clean(["-f", "-e"])
        os.unlink(CLEANFILE)
        pass

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    dlhandle = tempfile.NamedTemporaryFile(prefix=".logholes")
    dlhandle.write(DOT_LOGHOLES)
    dlhandle.flush()
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    state = state_method(PACKAGE_VERSION, { "proj" : PID, "exp" : EID })
    if state["code"] != RESPONSE_SUCCESS:
        sys.stderr.write("error: " + state["output"] + "\n")
        retval = 1
        pass
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    elif (state["value"] != "active" and
          state["value"] != "activating" and
          state["value"] != "modify_reswap"):
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        if must_be_active:
            sys.stderr.write("error: %s/%s is not an active experiment!\n" %
                             (PID, EID))
            retval = 2
            pass
        else:
            retval = 0
            pass
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        pass
    else:
        info_method = getattr(SERVER, "experiment.info")
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        osinfo_method = getattr(SERVER, "osid.info")
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        ssh_method = getattr(SERVER, "node.sshdescription")
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        collabpw_method = getattr(SERVER, "user.collabpassword")
        dpinfo_method = getattr(SERVER, "experiment.dpinfo")
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        # Get any bits of information we need from the RPC server.
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        physical = info_method(PACKAGE_VERSION, {
            "proj" : PID,
            "exp" : EID,
            "aspect" : "mapping",
            })
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        traces = info_method(PACKAGE_VERSION, {
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            "proj" : PID,
            "exp" : EID,
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            "aspect" : "traces",
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            })
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        ssh_data = ssh_method(PACKAGE_VERSION, {
            "proj" : PID,
            "exp" : EID
            })
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        collab_data = collabpw_method(PACKAGE_VERSION, { })
        dpinfo_data = dpinfo_method(PACKAGE_VERSION, { "proj" : PID,
                                                       "exp" : EID, })
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        if ((physical["code"] != RESPONSE_SUCCESS) or
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            (traces["code"] != RESPONSE_SUCCESS) or
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            (collab_data["code"] != RESPONSE_SUCCESS) or
            (dpinfo_data["code"] != RESPONSE_SUCCESS) or
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            (ssh_data["code"] != RESPONSE_SUCCESS)):
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            sys.stderr.write("error: xmlrpc failed - %s\n" %
                             (physical["output"],))
            retval = 1
            pass
        else:
            physical = physical["value"]
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            traces = traces["value"]
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            ssh_data = ssh_data["value"]
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            COLLAB_PW = collab_data["value"]
            DPDBNAME  = dpinfo_data["value"]["dbname"]
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            if snapshot_traces:
                trace_pre(traces)
                pass
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            # Separate the nodes into those that are up
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            hosts = [(x["node"], x["name"]) for x in physical.values()
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                     if ((x["erole"] == "virthost" or
                          x["erole"] == "node" or
                          x["erole"] == "delaynode") and
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                         (x["status"] == "up" and x["eventstatus"] == "ISUP"))]

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            # ... or down.
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            downhosts = [(x["node"], x["name"]) for x in physical.values()
                     if ((x["erole"] == "virthost" or
                          x["erole"] == "node" or
                          x["erole"] == "delaynode") and
                         (x["status"] != "up" or x["eventstatus"] != "ISUP"))]

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            phosts = sets.Set([x[0] for x in hosts])
            vhosts = sets.Set([x[1] for x in hosts])
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            dphosts = sets.Set([x[0] for x in downhosts])
            dvhosts = sets.Set([x[1] for x in downhosts])
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            if len(node_list) == 0:
                node_list = vhosts
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                for host in downhosts:
                    sys.stderr.write("warning: '%s' is down, its logs will "
                                     "not be retrieved\n" % (host[1],))
                    pass
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                pass

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            #
            # Do the local ops directory first.
            #
            if os.path.exists(opsdir):
                if mode == "sync":
                    pid = rsync("localhost", logdir,
                                paths = [opsdir], output = True,
                                relative = False)
                    pass
                elif mode == "clean":
                    pid = rmstar("localhost", None, 0, False, opsdir + "/*")
                    pass
                else:
                    assert 0
                pass

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            known_nodes = sets.Set(node_list) & (phosts | vhosts)
            unknown_nodes = known_nodes ^ sets.Set(node_list)
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            jobs = {}
            hoststatus = {}
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            hoststart = {}
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            hosttries = {}
            logsize = {}
            while len(hosts) > 0 or len(jobs) > 0:
                if len(hosts) > 0:
                    ht = hosts.pop()
                    phost, vhost = ht
                    pass
                else:
                    phost = ""
                    vhost = ""
                    pass
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                if (vhost in node_list) or (phost in node_list):
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                    # Start a job for the next host.
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                    osid = physical[vhost]["osid"]
                    if osid not in OSIDS:
                        oi = osinfo_method(PACKAGE_VERSION, {
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                            "osid" : osid })
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                        if oi["code"] == RESPONSE_SUCCESS:
                            OSIDS[osid] = oi["value"]
                            pass
                        else:
                            OSIDS[osid] = None
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                            pass
                        pass
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                    # Make sure we can talk to it.
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                    if not OSIDS[osid]:
                        sys.stderr.write("warning: unknown OSID %s for %s\n" %
                                         (physical[vhost]["osid"], vhost))
                        continue
                    else:
                        vos = OSIDS[physical[vhost]["osid"]]
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                        if ("osfeatures" not in vos or
                            not vos["osfeatures"] or
                            "ssh" not in vos["osfeatures"]):
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                            if VERBOSITY > VERBOSITY_HUMAN:
                                sys.stderr.write("warning: %s OS, %s, does "
                                                 "not support ssh, skipping\n"
                                                 % (vhost, vos["osname"]))
                                pass
                            continue
                        pass

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                    # Start the job.
                    if ht in hosttries:
                        delay = 3
                        pass
                    else:
                        delay = 0
                        pass
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                    if mode == "sync":