clone_image.in 8.43 KB
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#!/usr/bin/perl -w
#
# EMULAB-COPYRIGHT
# Copyright (c) 2000-2012 University of Utah and the Flux Group.
# All rights reserved.
#
use English;
use strict;
use Getopt::Std;
use Data::Dumper;
use File::Temp qw(tempfile);
use CGI;

#
# Clone an image (descriptor) from a node and then snapshot
# that node into the descriptor. Creates the descriptor if
# if it does not exist. The idea is to use all of the info
# from the current image descriptor that is loaded on the node
# to quickly create a new descriptor by inheriting all of the
# attributes of the original.
#
# We also want to support taking a snapshot of a previously
# created clone. To make everything work properly, require
# that the imagename exist in the experiment project, which
# ensures that we are operating on a clone, not an image in
# some other project or a system image.
#
sub usage()
{
    print("Usage: clone_image [-d] [-e] [-n | -s] <imagename> <node_id>\n".
	  "Options:\n".
	  "       -d     Turn on debug mode\n".
	  "       -e     Create a whole disk image\n".
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	  "       -g 0,1 Override base image global setting\n".
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	  "       -s     Create descriptor but do not snapshot\n".
	  "       -n     Impotent mode\n");
    exit(-1);
}
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my $optlist     = "densg:";
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my $debug       = 0;
my $wholedisk   = 0;
my $impotent    = 0;
my $nosnapshot  = 0;
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my $isvirtnode  = 0;
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my $global;
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#
# Configure variables
#
my $TB           = "@prefix@";
my $PROJROOT     = "@PROJROOT_DIR@";
my $CREATEIMAGE  = "$TB/bin/create_image";
my $NEWIMAGEEZ   = "$TB/bin/newimageid_ez";

#
# Untaint the path
#
$ENV{'PATH'} = "$TB/bin:$TB/sbin:/bin:/usr/bin:/usr/bin:/usr/sbin";
delete @ENV{'IFS', 'CDPATH', 'ENV', 'BASH_ENV'};

#
# Turn off line buffering on output
#
$| = 1;

#
# Load the Testbed support stuff.
#
use lib "@prefix@/lib";
use EmulabConstants;
use emutil;
use User;
use Project;
use Image;
use OSinfo;
use Node;

# Protos
sub fatal($);

#
# Parse command arguments. Once we return from getopts, all that should be
# left are the required arguments.
#
my %options = ();
if (! getopts($optlist, \%options)) {
    usage();
}
if (defined($options{"d"})) {
    $debug = 1;
}
if (defined($options{"e"})) {
    $wholedisk = 1;
}
if (defined($options{"n"})) {
    $impotent = 1;
}
if (defined($options{"s"})) {
    $nosnapshot = 1;
}
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if (defined($options{"g"})) {
    $global = $options{"g"};
}
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usage()
    if (@ARGV != 2);

my $imagename = shift(@ARGV);
my $node_id   = shift(@ARGV);

#
# Map invoking user to object. 
#
my $this_user = User->ThisUser();
if (! defined($this_user)) {
    fatal("You ($UID) do not exist!");
}

#
# The node must of course be allocated and the user must have
# permission to clone it. 
#
my $node = Node->Lookup($node_id);
if (!defined($node)) {
    fatal("No such node");
}
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$isvirtnode = $node->isvirtnode();

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if (!$node->AccessCheck($this_user, TB_NODEACCESS_LOADIMAGE())) {
    fatal("Not enough permission");
}
my $experiment = $node->Reservation();
if (!defined($experiment)) {
    fatal("Node is not reserved");
}
my $pid     = $experiment->pid();
my $group   = $experiment->GetGroup();
my $project = $experiment->GetProject();
if (! (defined($project) && defined($group))) {
    fatal("Could not get project/group for $experiment");
}
my $image = Image->Lookup($project->pid(), $imagename);

#
# The simple case is that the descriptor already exists. So it is just
# a simple snapshot to the image file. 
#
if (defined($image)) {
    #
    # Only EZ images via this interface.
    #
    if (!$image->ezid()) {
	fatal("Cannot clone a non-ez image");
    }
    
    #
    # The access check above determines if the caller has permission
    # to overwrite the image file. 
    # Not that this matters, cause create_image is going to make the
    # same checks.
    #
    # But we do not allow emulab-ops images to ever be overwritten.
    # Might remove this later. Just being careful since this is going
    # to be used from the ProtoGENI RPC interface.
    #
    if ($image->pid eq TBOPSPID()) {
	fatal("Not allowed to snapshot a system image");
    }
    if ($impotent) {
	print "Not doing anything in impotent mode\n";
	exit(0);
    }
    if ($nosnapshot) {
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	print "Not taking a snapshot, as directed\n"
	    if ($debug);
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	exit(0);
    }

    my $output = emutil::ExecQuiet("$CREATEIMAGE -p $pid $imagename $node_id");
    if ($?) {
	print STDERR $output;
	fatal("Failed to create image");
    }
    print "Image is being created. This can take 15-30 minutes.\n";
    exit(0);
}

#
# Need to look up the base image; the image that is currently running
# on the node and being cloned.
#
my ($base_osinfo, $base_image) = $node->RunningOsImage();
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if (! (defined($base_osinfo))) {
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    fatal("Could not determine osid/imageid for $node_id");
}
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print "$node_id is running $base_osinfo" .
    (defined($base_image) ? ",$base_image" : "") . "\n"
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    if ($debug);

#
# Create the image descriptor. We use the backend script to do the
# heavy lifting, but we have to cons up an XML file based on the image
# descriptor that is being cloned.
#
# These are the fields we have to come up with, plus a number
# of mtype_* entries.
#
my %xmlfields =
    ("imagename"	=> $imagename,
     "pid"		=> $project->pid(),
     "gid"		=> $experiment->gid(),
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     "description"	=> $base_osinfo->description(),
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     "OS"		=> $base_osinfo->OS(),
     "version"		=> $base_osinfo->version(),
     "path"		=> "$PROJROOT/$pid/images/${imagename}.ndz",
     "osfeatures",	=> $base_osinfo->osfeatures(),
     "op_mode",		=> $base_osinfo->op_mode(),
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     "global"           => (defined($global) ?
			    ($global ? 1 : 0) : $base_osinfo->shared()),
     "wholedisk",	=> ($isvirtnode ? 1 : $wholedisk),
     "reboot_waittime"  => $base_osinfo->reboot_waittime(),
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);
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if (defined($base_image)) {
    $xmlfields{"mbr_version"}     = $base_image->mbr_version();
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    $xmlfields{"loadpart"}        = ($isvirtnode ? 1 : $base_image->loadpart());
    $xmlfields{"global"}          = (defined($global) ?
				     ($global ? 1 : 0) : $base_image->global());
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}
elsif ($isvirtnode) {
    $xmlfields{"reboot_waittime"} = 240;
    $xmlfields{"loadpart"}        = 1;
    $xmlfields{"mtype_pcvm"}      = 1;
    $xmlfields{"wholedisk"}       = 1;
}
else {
    fatal("No base image for $node_id");
}
# This needs more thought.
if ($isvirtnode) {
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    my $parentosinfo = OSinfo->Lookup($base_osinfo->def_parentosid());
    if (!defined($parentosinfo)) {
	fatal("Could not lookup object for parent osid of $base_osinfo");
    }
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    $xmlfields{"def_parentosid"} =
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	$parentosinfo->pid() . "," . $parentosinfo->osname();
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}
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#
# Grab the existing type list and generate new mtype_* variables.
#
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if (defined($base_image)) {
    my @typelist = $base_image->TypeList($base_osinfo);
    if (! @typelist) {
	fatal("$base_image does not run on any types");
    }
    foreach my $type (@typelist) {
	my $type_id = $type->type();
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	$xmlfields{"mtype_${type_id}"} = 1;
    }
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}

#
# Create the XML file to pass to newimageid_ez.
#
my ($fh, $filename) = tempfile(UNLINK => 1);
fatal("Could not create temporary file")
    if (!defined($fh));

print $fh "<image>\n";
foreach my $key (keys(%xmlfields)) {
    my $value = $xmlfields{$key};

    print $fh "<attribute name=\"$key\">";
    print $fh "<value>" . CGI::escapeHTML($value) . "</value>";
    print $fh "</attribute>\n";
}
print $fh "</image>\n";
close($fh);

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if ($debug) {
    system("/bin/cat $filename");
}

my $output = emutil::ExecQuiet("$NEWIMAGEEZ -s -v $filename");
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if ($?) {
    print STDERR $output;
    fatal("Failed to verify image descriptor from $filename");
}
if ($impotent) {
    print "Not doing anything in impotent mode\n";
    system("cat $filename");
    exit(0);
}
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$output = emutil::ExecQuiet("$NEWIMAGEEZ -s $filename");
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if ($?) {
    print STDERR $output;
    my $foo = `cat $filename`;
    print STDERR $foo;
    fatal("Failed to create image descriptor");
}

$image = Image->Lookup($project->pid(), $imagename);
if (!defined($image)) {
    fatal("Cannot lookup newly created image for $imagename");
}
my $osinfo = OSinfo->Lookup($image->imageid());
if (!defined($osinfo)) {
    fatal("Cannot lookup newly created osinfo for $image");
}
if ($debug) {
    print "Created $osinfo\n";
    print "Created $image\n";
}
if ($nosnapshot) {
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    print "Not taking a snapshot, as directed\n"
	if ($debug);
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    exit(0);
}
$output = emutil::ExecQuiet("$CREATEIMAGE -p $pid $imagename $node_id");
if ($?) {
    print STDERR $output;
    fatal("Failed to create image");
}
print "Image is being created. This can take 15-30 minutes.\n";
exit(0);

sub fatal($)
{
    my ($mesg) = @_;

    die("*** $0:\n".
	"    $mesg\n");
}