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# -*- tcl -*-
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#
# EMULAB-COPYRIGHT
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# Copyright (c) 2000-2003 University of Utah and the Flux Group.
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# All rights reserved.
#

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######################################################################
# sim.tcl
#
# Defines the Simulator class.  For our purpose a Simulator is a
# topology.  This contains a number nodes, lans, and links.  It
# provides methods for the creation of these objects as well as
# routines to locate the objects.  It also stores common state (such
# as IP subnet usage).  Finally it defines the import 'run' method
# which causes all remaining calculations to be done and updates the
# DB state.
#
# Note: Although NS distinguishs between LANs and Links, we do not.
# We merge both types of objects into a single one called LanLink.  
# See lanlink.tcl and README for more information.
######################################################################

Class Simulator
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Class Program -superclass NSObject
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Simulator instproc init {args} {
    # A counter for internal ids
    $self set id_counter 0

    # A counter for subnets.  This is the lowest unused subnet
    # suffix.
    $self set subnet_counter 1

    # This is the prefix used to fill any unassigned IP addresses.
    $self set subnet_base "@IPBASE@"

    # The following are sets.  I.e. they map to no value, all
    # we care about is membership.
    $self instvar node_list;		# Indexed by node id
    array set node_list {}
    $self instvar lanlink_list;		# Indexed by lanlink id
    array set lanlink_list {}
    $self instvar subnets;		# Indexed by IP subnet
    array set subnets {}

    # link_map is indexed by <node1>:<node2> and contains the
    # id of the lanlink connecting them.  In the case of
    # multiple links between two nodes this contains
    # the last one created.
    $self instvar link_map
    array set link_map {}
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    # event list is a list of {time vnode vname otype etype args atstring}
    $self set event_list {}
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    $self set event_count 0
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    # global nse config file. to be split later
    $self set nseconfig ""

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    # Program list.
    $self instvar prog_list;
    array set prog_list {}
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    var_import ::GLOBALS::last_class
    set last_class $self
}

# renaming the simulator instance
# needed to find the name of the instance
# for use in NSE code
Simulator instproc rename {old new} {
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}

# node
# This method adds a new node to the topology and returns the id
# of the node.
Simulator instproc node {args} {
    var_import ::GLOBALS::last_class
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    var_import ::GLOBALS::simulated
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    $self instvar id_counter
    $self instvar node_list

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    if {($args != {})} {
	punsup "Arguments for node: $args"
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    }
    
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    set curnode tbnode-n[incr id_counter]
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    Node $curnode $self
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    # simulated nodes have type 'sim'
    if { $simulated == 1 } {
        tb-set-hardware $curnode sim
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    } 
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    set node_list($curnode) {}
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    set last_class $curnode

    return $curnode
}

# duplex-link <node1> <node2> <bandwidth> <delay> <type>
# This adds a new link to the topology.  <bandwidth> can be in any
# form accepted by parse_bw and <delay> in any form accepted by
# parse_delay.  Currently only the type 'DropTail' is supported.
Simulator instproc duplex-link {n1 n2 bw delay type args} {
    var_import ::GLOBALS::last_class
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    var_import ::GLOBALS::simulated
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    $self instvar id_counter
    $self instvar lanlink_list
    $self instvar link_map

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    if {($args != {})} {
	punsup "Arguments for duplex-link: $args"
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    }
    set error 0
    if {! [$n1 info class Node]} {
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	perror "\[duplex-link] $n1 is not a node."
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	set error 1
    }
    if {! [$n2 info class Node]} {
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	perror "\[duplex-link] $n2 is not a node."
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	set error 1
    }
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#    if { [$n1 set isvirt] != [$n2 set isvirt] } {
#	perror "\[duplex-link] Bad link between real and virtual node!"
#	set error 1
#    }
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    if { $simulated == 1 && ( [$n1 set simulated] == 0 || [$n2 set simulated] == 0 ) } {
	set simulated 0
	perror "\[duplex-link] Please define links between real and simulated nodes outside make-simulated"
	set simulated 1
	set error 1
    }

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    if {$error} {return}

    # Convert bandwidth and delay
    set rbw [parse_bw $bw]
    set rdelay [parse_delay $delay]

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    set curlink tblink-l[incr id_counter]
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    Link $curlink $self "$n1 $n2" $rbw $rdelay $type	
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    set lanlink_list($curlink) {}
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    set link_map($n1:$n2) $curlink
    set link_map($n2:$n1) $curlink

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    set last_class $curlink
    return $curlink
}

# make-lan <nodelist> <bw> <delay>
# This adds a new lan to the topology. <bandwidth> can be in any
# form accepted by parse_bw and <delay> in any form accepted by
# parse_delay.
Simulator instproc make-lan {nodelist bw delay args} {
    var_import ::GLOBALS::last_class
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    var_import ::GLOBALS::simulated
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    $self instvar id_counter
    $self instvar lanlink_list

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    if {($args != {})} {
	punsup "Arguments for make-lan: $args"
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    }
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    #
    # The number of virtual nodes has to be zero, or equal to the number
    # of nodes (In other word, no mixing of real and virtual nodes).
    #
#    set acount 0
#    set vcount 0
#    foreach node $nodelist {
#	if { [$node set isvirt] } {
#	    incr vcount
#	}
#	incr acount
#    }
#    if { ($vcount != 0) && ($vcount != $acount) } {
#	perror "\[duplex-link] Bad lan between real and virtual nodes!"
#	set error 1
#	return ""
#    }

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    # At this point we have one of the nodes of
    # the lan to be real. We need to make sure
    # that this is not being defined in make-simulated.
    # In other words links or lans from real nodes and
    # simulated nodes should happen outside make-simulated
    if { $simulated == 1 } {
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	foreach node $nodelist {
	    if { [$node set simulated] == 0 } {	
		set simulated 0
		perror "Please define lans between real and simulated nodes outside make-simulated"
		set simulated 1
		return ""
	    }
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	}
    }
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    set curlan tblan-lan[incr id_counter]
    
    # Convert bandwidth and delay
    set rbw [parse_bw $bw]
    set rdelay [parse_delay $delay]
    
    Lan $curlan $self $nodelist $rbw $rdelay {}
    set lanlink_list($curlan) {}
    set last_class $curlan
    
    return $curlan
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}

# run
# This method causes the fill_ips method to be invoked on all 
# lanlinks and then, if not running in impotent mode, calls the
# updatedb method on all nodes and lanlinks.  Invocation of this
# method casues the 'ran' variable to be set to 1.
Simulator instproc run {} {
    $self instvar lanlink_list
    $self instvar node_list
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    $self instvar event_list
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    $self instvar prog_list
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    $self instvar simulated
    $self instvar nseconfig
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    var_import ::GLOBALS::pid
    var_import ::GLOBALS::eid
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    var_import ::GLOBALS::errors
    var_import ::GLOBALS::irfile
    var_import ::GLOBALS::ran
    var_import ::GLOBALS::DB
    var_import ::GLOBALS::impotent
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    var_import ::GLOBALS::vtypes
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    var_import ::GLOBALS::uselatestwadata
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    var_import ::GLOBALS::usewatunnels
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    var_import ::GLOBALS::wa_delay_solverweight
    var_import ::GLOBALS::wa_bw_solverweight
    var_import ::GLOBALS::wa_plr_solverweight
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    var_import ::GLOBALS::uselinkdelays
    var_import ::GLOBALS::forcelinkdelays
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    # Fill out IPs
    foreach obj [concat [array names lanlink_list]] {
	$obj fill_ips
    }

    # Mark that a run statement exists
    set ran 1

    # Check node names.
    foreach node [lsort [array names node_list]] {
	if {! [regexp {^[-0-9A-Za-z]+$} $node]} {
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	    perror "\[run] Invalid node name $node.  Can only contain \[-0-9A-Za-z\] due to DNS limitations."
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	}
    }
    foreach lan [lsort [array names lanlink_list]] {
	if {! [regexp {^[-0-9A-Za-z]+$} $lan]} {
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	    perror "\[run] Invalid lan/link name $lan.  Can only contain \[-0-9A-Za-z\] for symmetry with node DNS limitations."
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	}
    }

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    # Check for one node lans
    foreach lan [array names lanlink_list] {
	if {[llength [$lan set nodelist]] <= 1} {
	    perror "\[run] $lan has only a single node.  LANs must have at least 2 nodes in them."
	}
    }

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    # Load even indexes
    sql query $DB "select idx,type from event_objecttypes"
    while {[set row [sql fetchrow $DB]] != ""} {
	set idx [lindex $row 0]
	set type [lindex $row 1]
	set objtypes($type) $idx
    }
    sql endquery $DB
    sql query $DB "select idx,type from event_eventtypes"
    while {[set row [sql fetchrow $DB]] != ""} {
        set idx [lindex $row 0]
        set type [lindex $row 1]
        set eventtypes($type) $idx
    }
    sql endquery $DB

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    # If any errors occur stop here.
    if {$errors == 1} {return}

    # If we are running in impotent mode we stop here
    if {$impotent == 1} {return}
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    # update the global nseconfigs using a bogus vname
    # i.e. instead of the node on which nse is gonna run
    # which was the original vname field, we just put $ns
    # for now. Once assign runs, the correct value will be
    # entered into the database
    if { $nseconfig != {} } {
 
 	set nsecfg_script ""
 	set simu [lindex [Simulator info instances] 0]
 	append nsecfg_script "set $simu \[new Simulator]\n"
 	append nsecfg_script "\$$simu use-scheduler RealTime\n\n"
 	append nsecfg_script $nseconfig
 
        sql exec $DB "insert into nseconfigs (pid,eid,vname,nseconfig) values ('$pid', '$eid', '$self', '$nsecfg_script')"
    }
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    # Update the DB
    foreach node [lsort [array names node_list]] {
	$node updatedb $DB
    }
    foreach lan [concat [array names lanlink_list]] {
	$lan updatedb $DB
    }
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    foreach vtype [array names vtypes] {
	$vtype updatedb $DB
    }
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    foreach prog [array names prog_list] {
	$prog updatedb $DB
    }
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    sql exec $DB "update experiments set forcelinkdelays=$forcelinkdelays,uselinkdelays=$uselinkdelays,usewatunnels=$usewatunnels,uselatestwadata=$uselatestwadata,wa_delay_solverweight=$wa_delay_solverweight,wa_bw_solverweight=$wa_bw_solverweight,wa_plr_solverweight=$wa_plr_solverweight where pid='$pid' and eid='$eid'"
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    sql endquery $DB
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    # This could probably be elsewhere.
    sql exec $DB "insert into virt_agents (pid,eid,vnode,vname,objecttype) values ('$pid','$eid','*','$self','$objtypes(SIMULATOR)')";    
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    sql endquery $DB

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    foreach event $event_list {
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	sql exec $DB "insert into eventlist (pid,eid,time,vnode,vname,objecttype,eventtype,arguments,atstring) values (\"$pid\",\"$eid\",[lindex $event 0],\"[lindex $event 1]\",\"[lindex $event 2]\",$objtypes([lindex $event 3]),$eventtypes([lindex $event 4]),\"[lindex $event 5]\",\"[lindex $event 6]\")"
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    }
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}

# attach-agent <node> <agent>
# This creates an attachment between <node> and <agent>.
Simulator instproc attach-agent {node agent} {
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    var_import ::GLOBALS::simulated

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    if {! [$agent info class Agent]} {
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	perror "\[attach-agent] $agent is not an Agent."
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	return
    }
    if {! [$node info class Node]} {
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	perror "\[attach-agent] $node is not a Node."
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	return
    }
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    # If the node is real and yet this code is in make-simulated
    # we don't allow it
    if { [$node set simulated] == 0 && $simulated == 1 } {
	set simulated 0
	perror "Please attach agents on to real nodes outside make-simulated"
	set simulated 1
	return ""
    }

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    $node attach-agent $agent
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}

# connect <src> <dst>
# Connects two agents together.
Simulator instproc connect {src dst} {
    set error 0
    if {! [$src info class Agent]} {
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	perror "\[connect] $src is not an Agent."
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	set error 1
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    }
    if {! [$dst info class Agent]} {
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	perror "\[connect] $dst is not an Agent."
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	set error 1
    }
    if {$error} {return}
    $src connect $dst
    $dst connect $src
}

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# at <time> <event>
# Known events:
#   <traffic> start
#   <traffic> stop
#   <link> up
#   <link> down
#   ...
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Simulator instproc at {time eventstring} {
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    var_import ::GLOBALS::simulated

    # ignore at statement for simulated case
    if { $simulated == 1 } {
	return
    }

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    # Check that time is float
    if {[regexp {(^[0-9]+(\.[0-9]+)?$)|(^\.[0-9]+$)} $time] == 0} {
	perror "Invalid time spec: $time"
	return
    }
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    $self instvar event_list
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    $self instvar event_count
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    if {$event_count > 4000} {
	perror "Too many events in your NS file!"
	exit 1
    }
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    set eventlist [split $eventstring ";"]
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  foreach event $eventlist {
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    # Check otype/command
    set obj [lindex $event 0]
    set cmd [lindex $event 1]
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    set atstring "$event"
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    set args {}
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    set okargs 0
    switch -- [$obj info class] {
	"Application/Traffic/CBR" {
	    set otype TRAFGEN
	    switch -- $cmd {
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		"start" {
                    set params [$obj get_params]
		    set etype START
		    set args  $params
		}
		"stop" {
		    set etype STOP
		}
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		"reset" {
		    set etype RESET
		}
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                "set" {
		    if {[llength $event] < 4} {
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			perror "Wrong number of arguments: at $time $event"
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			return
		    }
		    set etype MODIFY
	            set arg [lindex $event 3]
                    switch -- [lindex $event 2] {
                        "packetSize_" {
	                    set args  "PACKETSIZE=$arg"
                        }
                        "rate_" {
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			    set bw [parse_bw $arg]
	                    set args  "RATE=$bw"
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                        }
                        "interval_" {
	                    set args  "INTERVAL=$arg"
                        }
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                        "iptos_" {
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	                    set args  "IPTOS=$arg"
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                        }
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			unknown {
		            punsup "at $time $event"
		            return
			}
		    }
                }
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		unknown {
		    punsup "at $time $event"
		    return
		}
	    }
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	    set vnode [$obj get_node]
	    set vname $obj
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	}
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	"Agent/TCP/FullTcp" -
	"Agent/TCP/FullTcp/Reno" -
	"Agent/TCP/FullTcp/Newreno" -
	"Agent/TCP/FullTcp/Tahoe" -
	"Agent/TCP/FullTcp/Sack" - 
	"Application/FTP" -
	"Application/Telnet" {
	    # For events sent to NSE, we don't distinguish
	    # between START, STOP and MODIFY coz the entire
	    # string passed to '$ns at' is sent for evaluation to the node
	    # on which NSE is running: fix needed for the
	    # case when the above string has syntax errors. Maybe
	    # just have a way reporting errors back to the
	    # the user from the NSE that finds the syntax errors
	    set otype TRAFGEN
	    set etype MODIFY
	    set args "\$$obj $cmd [lrange $event 2 end]"
	    set vnode [$obj get_node]
	    set vname $obj
	}
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	"Link" {
	    set otype LINK
	    switch -- $cmd {
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		"up"	    {set etype UP}
		"down"	    {set etype DOWN}
		"bandwidth" {
		    if {[llength $event] < 4} {
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			perror "Wrong number of arguments: at $time $event"
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			return
		    }
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                    set arg   [lindex $event 2]
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		    set bw [parse_bw $arg]
                    set args  "BANDWIDTH=$bw"
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		    set etype MODIFY
		}
		"delay" {
		    if {[llength $event] < 3} {
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			perror "Wrong number of arguments: at $time $event"
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			return
		    }
                    set arg   [lindex $event 2]
                    set args  "DELAY=$arg"
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		    set etype MODIFY
		}
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		"plr" {
		    if {[llength $event] < 3} {
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			perror "Wrong number of arguments: at $time $event"
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			return
		    }
                    if {[scan [lindex $event 2] "%f" plr] != 1 ||
                        $plr < 0 || $plr > 1} {
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			perror "Improper argument: at $time $event"
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			return
                    }
                    set args  "PLR=$plr"
		    set etype MODIFY
		}
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		unknown {
		    punsup "at $time $event"
		    return
		}
	    }
	    set vnode {}
	    set vname $obj
	}
	"Queue" {
	    set otype LINK
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	    set pipe [$obj get_pipe]
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	    set obj [$obj get_link]
	    switch -- $cmd {
                "set" {
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		    if {[llength $event] < 4} {
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			perror "Wrong number of arguments: at $time $event"
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			return
		    }
		    set etype MODIFY
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	            set arg [lindex $event 3]
                    switch -- [lindex $event 2] {
                        "queue-in-bytes_" {
	                    set args  "QUEUE-IN-BYTES=$arg"
                        }
                        "limit_" {
	                    set args  "LIMIT=$arg"
                        }
                        "maxthresh_" {
	                    set args  "MAXTHRESH=$arg"
                        }
                        "thresh_" {
	                    set args  "THRESH=$arg"
                        }
                        "linterm_" {
	                    set args  "LINTERM=$arg"
                        }
                        "q_weight_" {
			    if {[scan $arg "%f" w] != 1} {
				perror "Improper argument: at $time $event"
				return
			    }
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	                    set args  "Q_WEIGHT=$w"
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                        }
			unknown {
		            punsup "at $time $event"
		            return
			}
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		    }
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                }
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		unknown {
		    punsup "at $time $event"
		    return
		}
	    }
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	    set args "PIPE=$pipe $args"
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	    set vnode {}
	    set vname $obj
	}
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	"Program" {
	    set otype PROGRAM
	    set vname $obj
	    set vnode [$obj set node]
    
	    switch -- $cmd {
		"start" {
		    set etype START
		    set arg  [$obj set command]
		    set args "COMMAND=$arg"
		}
		"stop" {
		    set etype STOP
		}
		"kill" {
		    set etype KILL
		    if {[llength $event] < 3} {
			perror "Wrong number of arguments: at $time $event"
			return
		    }
	            set arg [lindex $event 2]
		    set args "SIGNAL=$arg"
		}
		unknown {
		    punsup "at $time $event"
		    return
		}
	    }
	    set okargs 1
	}
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	"Simulator" {
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	    set vnode "*"
	    set vname $self
	    
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	    switch -- $cmd {
		"bandwidth" {
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		    set otype LINK
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		    set etype MODIFY
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		    set vnode {}
		    set vname {}
		}
		"halt" {
		    set otype SIMULATOR
		    set etype HALT
		}
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		"terminate" {
		    set otype SIMULATOR
		    set etype HALT
		}
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		"swapout" {
		    set otype SIMULATOR
		    set etype SWAPOUT
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		}
		unknown {
		    punsup "at $time $event"
		    return
		}
	    }
	    set okargs 1
	}
	unknown {
	    punsup "Unknown object type: at $time $event"
	    return
	}
    }
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    set event_count [expr $event_count + 1]
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    lappend event_list [list $time $vnode $vname $otype $etype $args $atstring]
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  }
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}

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#
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# Routing control.
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#
Simulator instproc rtproto {type args} {
    var_import ::GLOBALS::default_ip_routing_type
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    var_import ::GLOBALS::simulated

    # ignore at statement for simulated case
    if { $simulated == 1 } {
	return
    }
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    if {$args != {}} {
	punsup "rtproto: arguments ignored: $args"
    }

    if {($type == "Session") ||	($type == "ospf")} {
	set default_ip_routing_type "ospf"
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    } elseif {($type == "Manual")} {
	set default_ip_routing_type "manual"
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    } elseif {($type == "Static")} {
	set default_ip_routing_type "static"
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    } else {
	punsup "rtproto: unsupported routing protocol ignored: $type"
	return
    }
}

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# unknown 
# This is invoked whenever any method is called on the simulator
# object that is not defined.  We interpret such a call to be a
# request to create an object of that type.  We create display an
# unsupported message and create a NullClass to fulfill the request.
Simulator instproc unknown {m args} {
    $self instvar id_counter
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    punsup "Object $m"
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    NullClass tbnull-null[incr id_counter] $m
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}

# rename_* <old> <new>
# The following two procedures handle when an object is being renamed.
# They update the internal datastructures to reflect the new name.
Simulator instproc rename_lanlink {old new} {
    $self instvar lanlink_list
    $self instvar link_map

    unset lanlink_list($old)
    set lanlink_list($new) {}

    # In the case of a link we need to update the link_map as well.
    if {[$new info class] == "Link"} {
	$new instvar nodelist
	set src [lindex [lindex $nodelist 0] 0]
	set dst [lindex [lindex $nodelist 1] 0]
	set link_map($src:$dst) $new
	set link_map($dst:$src) $new
    }
}
Simulator instproc rename_node {old new} {
    $self instvar node_list
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    # simulated nodes won't exist in the node_list
    if { [info exists node_list($old)] } {
	unset node_list($old)
	set node_list($new) {}
    }
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}

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Simulator instproc rename_program {old new} {
    $self instvar prog_list
    unset prog_list($old)
    set prog_list($new) {}
}

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# find_link <node1> <node2>
# This is just an accesor to the link_map datastructure.  If no
# link is known between <node1> and <node2> the empty list is returned.
Simulator instproc find_link {src dst} {
    $self instvar link_map
    if {[info exists link_map($src:$dst)]} {
	return $link_map($src:$dst)
    } else {
	return ""
    }
}

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Simulator instproc link {src dst} {
    set reallink [$self find_link $src $dst]
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    if {$src == [$reallink set src_node]} {
	set dir "to"
    } else {
	set dir "from"
    }
    
    var_import GLOBALS::new_counter
    set name sl[incr new_counter]
    
    return [SimplexLink $name $reallink $dir]
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}

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Simulator instproc lanlink {lan node} {
    if {[$node info class] != "Node"} {
	perror "\[lanlink] $node is not a node."
	return
    }
    if {[$lan info class] != "Lan"} {
	perror "\[lanlink] $lan is not a lan."
	return
    }
    set port [$lan get_port $node]
    if {$port == {}} {
	perror "\[lanlink] $node is not in $lan."
	return
    }
    var_import GLOBALS::new_counter
    set name ll[incr new_counter]
    
    return [LLink $name $lan $node]
}

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# get_subnet
# This is called by lanlinks.  When called get_subnet will find an available
# IP subnet, mark it as used, and return it to the caller.
Simulator instproc get_subnet {} {
    $self instvar subnet_base
    $self instvar subnets
    $self instvar subnet_counter

    for {set i $subnet_counter} {$i < 255} {incr i} {
	if {! [info exists subnets($subnet_base.$i)]} {
	    set subnet_counter $i
	    return $subnet_base.$i
	}
    }
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    perror "Ran out of subnets."
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}

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# get_subnet_remote
# This is called by lanlinks.  When called get_subnet will find an available
# IP subnet, mark it as used, and return it to the caller.
Simulator instproc get_subnet_remote {} {
    var_import ::GLOBALS::DB
    var_import ::GLOBALS::pid
    var_import ::GLOBALS::eid
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    var_import ::GLOBALS::impotent

    # If we are running in impotent mode, then no need for unique subnets
    if {$impotent == 1} {
	set subnet [$self get_subnet]
	return $subnet
    }
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    sql exec $DB "insert into ipsubnets values ('$pid','$eid', NULL)"
    sql endquery $DB
    sql query $DB "select LAST_INSERT_ID() from ipsubnets"
    set row [sql fetchrow $DB]
    sql endquery $DB

    set b [expr [expr $row & 0xff00] >> 8]
    set c [expr $row & 0xff]
    return 10.$b.$c
}

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# use_subnet
# This is called by the ip method of nodes.  It marks the passed subnet
# as used and thus should never be returned by get_subnet.
Simulator instproc use_subnet {subnet} {
    $self instvar subnets
    set subnets($subnet) {}
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}
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# add_program
# Link to a new program object.
Simulator instproc add_program {prog} {
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    $self instvar prog_list
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    set prog_list($prog) {}
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}
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# cost
# Set the cost for a link
Simulator instproc cost {src dst c} {
    set reallink [$self find_link $src $dst]
    $reallink set cost([list $src [$reallink get_port $src]]) $c
}
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# Now we have an experiment wide 
# simulation specification. Virtual to physical
# mapping will be done in later stages
Simulator instproc make-simulated {args} {

    var_import ::GLOBALS::simulated
    $self instvar nseconfig
    $self instvar simcode_present

    set simulated 1
    global script
    set script [string trim $args "\{\}"]

    if { $script == {} } {
        set simulated 0
        return
    }

    set simcode_present 1

    # we ignore any type of errors coz they have
    # been caught when we ran the script through NSE
    uplevel 1 eval $script

    append nseconfig $script

    set simulated 0
}