libsetup.pm 38.1 KB
Newer Older
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
#!/usr/bin/perl -wT

#
# Common routines and constants for the client bootime setup stuff.
#
package libsetup;
use Exporter;
@ISA = "Exporter";
@EXPORT =
    qw ( libsetup_init inform_reboot cleanup_node check_status
	 create_nicknames doifconfig dohostnames
	 doaccounts dorpms dotarballs dostartupcmd install_deltas
	 bootsetup nodeupdate startcmdstatus whatsmynickname
14
	 TBBackGround TBForkCmd remotenodeupdate remotenodevnodesetup
15

16
	 OPENTMCC CLOSETMCC RUNTMCC MFS
17 18

	 TMCC TMIFC TMDELAY TMRPM TMTARBALLS TMHOSTS
19 20
	 TMNICKNAME HOSTSFILE TMSTARTUPCMD FINDIF TMTUNNELCONFIG
	 TMTRAFFICCONFIG TMROUTECONFIG TMVNODEDIR
21 22 23

	 TMCCCMD_REBOOT TMCCCMD_STATUS TMCCCMD_IFC TMCCCMD_ACCT TMCCCMD_DELAY
	 TMCCCMD_HOSTS TMCCCMD_RPM TMCCCMD_TARBALL TMCCCMD_STARTUP
24 25
	 TMCCCMD_DELTA TMCCCMD_STARTSTAT TMCCCMD_READY TMCCCMD_TRAFFIC
	 TMCCCMD_BOSSINFO
26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52

       );

# Must come after package declaration!
use English;

#
# This is the home of the setup library on the client machine. The including
# program has to tell us this by calling the init routine below. For example,
# it is /etc/testbed on FreeBSD and /etc/rc.d/testbed on Linux.
#
my $SETUPDIR;

sub libsetup_init($)
{
    my($path) = @_;

    $SETUPDIR = $path;
}

#
# This "local" library provides the OS dependent part. Must load this after
# defining the above function cause the local library invokes it to set the
# $SETUPDIR
#
use liblocsetup;

53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
#
# For virtual (multiplexed nodes). If defined, tack onto tmcc command.
# and use in pathnames. Not sure how this will be used later with jailed
# virtual nodes, since they will run in their own environment, but without
# jail we have to share the same namespace.
#
my $vnodeid	= "";

61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74
#
# These are the paths of various files and scripts that are part of the
# setup library.
#
sub TMCC()		{ "$SETUPDIR/tmcc"; }
sub TMIFC()		{ "$SETUPDIR/rc.ifc"; }
sub TMRPM()		{ "$SETUPDIR/rc.rpm"; }
sub TMTARBALLS()	{ "$SETUPDIR/rc.tarballs"; }
sub TMSTARTUPCMD()	{ "$SETUPDIR/startupcmd"; }
sub TMHOSTS()		{ "$SETUPDIR/hosts"; }
sub TMNICKNAME()	{ "$SETUPDIR/nickname"; }
sub FINDIF()		{ "$SETUPDIR/findif"; }
sub HOSTSFILE()		{ "/etc/hosts"; }
sub TMMOUNTDB()		{ "$SETUPDIR/mountdb"; }
75 76 77 78 79 80 81
sub TMROUTECONFIG()     { "$SETUPDIR/$vnodeid/rc.route"; }
sub TMTRAFFICCONFIG()	{ "$SETUPDIR/$vnodeid/rc.traffic"; }
sub TMTUNNELCONFIG()	{ "$SETUPDIR/$vnodeid/rc.tunnel"; }
sub TMVTUNDCONFIG()	{ "$SETUPDIR/$vnodeid/vtund.conf"; }
sub TMPASSDB()		{ "$SETUPDIR/passdb"; }
sub TMGROUPDB()		{ "$SETUPDIR/groupdb"; }
sub TMVNODEDIR()	{ "$SETUPDIR/$vnodeid"; }
82 83

#
84 85 86 87 88
# This is the VERSION. We send it through to tmcd so it knows what version
# responses this file is expecting.
#
# BE SURE TO BUMP THIS AS INCOMPATIBILE CHANGES TO TMCD ARE MADE!
#
89
sub TMCD_VERSION()	{ 4; };
90 91 92

#
# These are the TMCC commands. 
93 94 95 96 97 98
#
sub TMCCCMD_REBOOT()	{ "reboot"; }
sub TMCCCMD_STATUS()	{ "status"; }
sub TMCCCMD_IFC()	{ "ifconfig"; }
sub TMCCCMD_ACCT()	{ "accounts"; }
sub TMCCCMD_DELAY()	{ "delay"; }
99
sub TMCCCMD_HOSTS()	{ "hostnames"; }
100 101 102 103 104 105 106
sub TMCCCMD_RPM()	{ "rpms"; }
sub TMCCCMD_TARBALL()	{ "tarballs"; }
sub TMCCCMD_STARTUP()	{ "startupcmd"; }
sub TMCCCMD_DELTA()	{ "deltas"; }
sub TMCCCMD_STARTSTAT()	{ "startstatus"; }
sub TMCCCMD_READY()	{ "ready"; }
sub TMCCCMD_MOUNTS()	{ "mounts"; }
107
sub TMCCCMD_ROUTING()	{ "routing"; }
108 109
sub TMCCCMD_TRAFFIC()	{ "trafgens"; }
sub TMCCCMD_BOSSINFO()	{ "bossinfo"; }
110
sub TMCCCMD_TUNNEL()	{ "tunnels"; }
111
sub TMCCCMD_NSECONFIGS(){ "nseconfigs"; }
112 113 114 115 116 117

#
# Some things never change.
# 
my $TARINSTALL  = "/usr/local/bin/install-tarfile %s %s";
my $DELTAINSTALL= "/usr/local/bin/install-delta %s";
118
my $VTUND       = "/usr/local/sbin/vtund";
119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126

#
# This is a debugging thing for my home network.
# 
#my $NODE	= "REDIRECT=155.101.132.101";
$NODE		= "";

# Locals
127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134
my $pid		= "";
my $eid		= "";
my $vname	= "";

# When on the MFS, we do a much smaller set of stuff.
# Cause of the way the packages are loaded (which I do not understand),
# this is computed on the fly instead of once.
sub MFS()	{ if (-e "$SETUPDIR/ismfs") { return 1; } else { return 0; } }
135

136 137 138 139 140
#
# Same for a remote node.
#
sub REMOTE()	{ if (-e "$SETUPDIR/isrem") { return 1; } else { return 0; } }

141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149
#
# Open a TMCC connection and return the "stream pointer". Caller is
# responsible for closing the stream and checking return value.
#
# usage: OPENTMCC(char *command, char *args)
#
sub OPENTMCC($;$)
{
    my($cmd, $args) = @_;
150
    my $vn = "";
151 152 153 154 155
    local *TM;

    if (!defined($args)) {
	$args = "";
    }
156 157 158 159 160
    if ($vnodeid ne "") {
	$vn = "-n $vnodeid";
    }
    
    my $foo = sprintf("%s -v %d %s $vn %s %s |",
161
		      TMCC, TMCD_VERSION, $NODE, $cmd, $args);
162 163 164 165 166 167 168

    open(TM, $foo)
	or die "Cannot start $TMCC: $!";

    return (*TM);
}

169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179
#
# Close connection. Die on error.
# 
sub CLOSETMCC($) {
    my($TM) = @_;
    
    close($TM)
	or die $? ? "$TMCC exited with status $?.\n" :
	            "Error closing pipe: $!\n";
}

180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192
#
# Run a TMCC command with the provided arguments.
#
# usage: RUNTMCC(char *command, char *args)
#
sub RUNTMCC($;$)
{
    my($cmd, $args) = @_;
    my($TM);

    if (!defined($args)) {
	$args = "";
    }
193
    
194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213
    $TM = OPENTMCC($cmd, $args);

    close($TM)
	or die $? ? "TMCC exited with status $?" : "Error closing pipe: $!";
    
    return 0;
}

#
# Inform the master we have rebooted.
#
sub inform_reboot()
{
    RUNTMCC(TMCCCMD_REBOOT);
    return 0;
}

#
# Reset to a moderately clean state.
#
214 215 216
sub cleanup_node ($) {
    my ($scrub) = @_;
    
217 218
    print STDOUT "Cleaning node; removing configuration files ...\n";
    unlink TMIFC, TMRPM, TMSTARTUPCMD, TMNICKNAME, TMTARBALLS;
219
    unlink TMROUTECONFIG, TMTRAFFICCONFIG, TMTUNNELCONFIG;
220 221
    unlink TMMOUNTDB . ".db";

222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236
    #
    # If scrubbing, remove the password/group file DBs so that we revert
    # to base set.
    # 
    if ($scrub) {
	unlink TMPASSDB . ".db";
	unlink TMGROUPDB . ".db";
    }

    if (! REMOTE()) {
	printf STDOUT "Resetting %s file\n", HOSTSFILE;
	if (system($CP, "-f", TMHOSTS, HOSTSFILE) != 0) {
	    printf "Could not copy default %s into place: $!\n", HOSTSFILE;
	    exit(1);
	}
237 238
    }

239
    return os_cleanup_node($scrub);
240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252
}

#
# Check node allocation.
#
# Returns 0 if node is free. Returns list (pid/eid/vname) if allocated.
#
sub check_status ()
{
    my $TM;
    
    $TM = OPENTMCC(TMCCCMD_STATUS);
    $_  = <$TM>;
253
    CLOSETMCC($TM);
254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277

    if ($_ =~ /^FREE/) {
	return 0;
    }
    
    if ($_ =~ /ALLOCATED=([-\@\w.]*)\/([-\@\w.]*) NICKNAME=([-\@\w.]*)/) {
	$pid   = $1;
	$eid   = $2;
	$vname = $3;
    }
    else {
	warn "*** WARNING: Error getting reservation status\n";
	return 0;
    }
    return ($pid, $eid, $vname);
}

#
# Stick our nickname in a file in case someone wants it.
#
sub create_nicknames()
{
    open(NICK, ">" . TMNICKNAME)
	or die("Could not open nickname file: $!");
278
    print NICK "$vname.$eid.$pid\n";
279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303
    close(NICK);

    return 0;
}

#
# Process mount directives from TMCD. We keep track of all the mounts we
# have added in here so that we delete just the accounts we added, when
# project membership changes. Same goes for project directories on shared
# nodes. We use a simple perl DB for that.
#
sub domounts()
{
    my $TM;
    my %MDB;
    my %mounts;
    my %deletes;
    
    $TM = OPENTMCC(TMCCCMD_MOUNTS);

    while (<$TM>) {
	if ($_ =~ /REMOTE=([-:\@\w\.\/]+) LOCAL=([-\@\w\.\/]+)/) {
	    $mounts{$1} = $2;
	}
    }
304 305
    CLOSETMCC($TM);
    
306 307 308 309
    #
    # The MFS version does not support (or need) this DB stuff. Just mount
    # them up.
    #
310
    if (MFS()) {
311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327
	while (($remote, $local) = each %mounts) {
	    if (! -e $local) {
		if (! os_mkdir($local, 0770)) {
		    warn "*** WARNING: Could not make directory $local: $!\n";
		    next;
		}
	    }
	
	    print STDOUT "  Mounting $remote on $local\n";
	    if (system("$MOUNT $remote $local")) {
		warn "*** WARNING: Could not $MOUNT $remote on $local: $!\n";
		next;
	    }
	}
	return 0;
    }

328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340
    dbmopen(%MDB, TMMOUNTDB, 0660);
    
    #
    # First mount all the mounts we are told to. For each one that is not
    # currently mounted, and can be mounted, add it to the DB.
    # 
    while (($remote, $local) = each %mounts) {
	if (system("$MOUNT | $EGREP ' $local '") == 0) {
	    $MDB{$remote} = $local;
	    next;
	}

	if (! -e $local) {
341
	    if (! os_mkdir($local, 0770)) {
342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401
		warn "*** WARNING: Could not make directory $local: $!\n";
		next;
	    }
	}
	
	print STDOUT "  Mounting $remote on $local\n";
	if (system("$MOUNT $remote $local")) {
	    warn "*** WARNING: Could not $MOUNT $remote on $local: $!\n";
	    next;
	}

	$MDB{$remote} = $local;
    }

    #
    # Now unmount the ones that we mounted previously, but are now no longer
    # in the mount set (as told to us by the TMCD). Note, we cannot delete 
    # them directly from MDB since that would mess up the foreach loop, so
    # just stick them in temp and postpass it.
    #
    while (($remote, $local) = each %MDB) {
	if (defined($mounts{$remote})) {
	    next;
	}

	if (system("$MOUNT | $EGREP ' $local '")) {
	    $deletes{$remote} = $local;
	    next;
	}

	print STDOUT "  Unmounting $local\n";
	if (system("$UMOUNT $local")) {
	    warn "*** WARNING: Could not unmount $local\n";
	    next;
	}
	
	#
	# Only delete from set if we can actually unmount it. This way
	# we can retry it later (or next time).
	# 
	$deletes{$remote} = $local;
    }
    while (($remote, $local) = each %deletes) {
	delete($MDB{$remote});
    }

    # Write the DB back out!
    dbmclose(%MDB);

    return 0;
}

#
# Do interface configuration.    
# Write a file of ifconfig lines, which will get executed.
#
sub doifconfig ()
{
    my $TM;
    
402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411
    #
    # Kinda ugly, but there is too much perl goo included by Socket to put it
    # on the MFS. 
    # 
    if (MFS()) {
	return 1;
    }
    require Socket;
    import Socket;
    
412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422
    $TM = OPENTMCC(TMCCCMD_IFC);

    #
    # Open a connection to the TMCD, and then open a local file into which
    # we write ifconfig commands (as a shell script).
    # 
    open(IFC, ">" . TMIFC)
	or die("Could not open " . TMIFC . ": $!");
    print IFC "#!/bin/sh\n";
    
    while (<$TM>) {
423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431
	my $pat;

	#
	# Note that speed has a units spec: (K|M)bps
	# 
	$pat  = q(INTERFACE=(\d*) INET=([0-9.]*) MASK=([0-9.]*) MAC=(\w*) );
	$pat .= q(SPEED=(\w*) DUPLEX=(\w*));
	
	if ($_ =~ /$pat/) {
432 433
	    my $iface;

434 435 436 437 438 439
	    my $inet     = $2;
	    my $mask     = $3;
	    my $mac      = $4;
	    my $speed    = $5; 
	    my $duplex   = $6;
	    my $routearg = inet_ntoa(inet_aton($inet) & inet_aton($mask));
440 441 442 443

	    if ($iface = findiface($mac)) {
		my $ifline =
		    os_ifconfig_line($iface, $inet, $mask, $speed, $duplex);
444 445 446
		    
		print STDOUT "  $ifline\n";
		print IFC "$ifline\n";
447
		print IFC TMROUTECONFIG . " $routearg up\n";
448 449
	    }
	    else {
450
		warn "*** WARNING: Bad MAC: $mac\n";
451 452 453 454 455 456
	    }
	}
	else {
	    warn "*** WARNING: Bad ifconfig line: $_";
	}
    }
457
    CLOSETMCC($TM);
458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484
    close(IFC);
    chmod(0755, TMIFC);

    return 0;
}

#
# Convert from MAC to iface name (eth0/fxp0/etc) using little helper program.
# 
sub findiface($)
{
    my($mac) = @_;
    my($iface);

    open(FIF, FINDIF . " $mac |")
	or die "Cannot start " . FINDIF . ": $!";

    $iface = <FIF>;
    
    if (! close(FIF)) {
	return 0;
    }
    
    $iface =~ s/\n//g;
    return $iface;
}

485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492
#
# Do router configuration stuff. This just writes a file for someone else
# to deal with.
#
sub dorouterconfig ()
{
    my @stuff   = ();
    my $routing = 0;
493 494
    my %upmap   = ();
    my %downmap = ();
495 496 497 498 499 500
    my $TM;

    $TM = OPENTMCC(TMCCCMD_ROUTING);
    while (<$TM>) {
	push(@stuff, $_);
    }
501
    CLOSETMCC($TM);
502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522

    if (! @stuff) {
	return 0;
    }

    #
    # Look for router type. If none, then do not bother to write this file.
    # 
    foreach my $line (@stuff) {
	if (($line =~ /ROUTERTYPE=(.+)/) && ($1 ne "none")) {
	    $routing = 1;
	    last;
	}
    }
    if (! $routing) {
	return 0;
    }
    
    open(RC, ">" . TMROUTECONFIG)
	or die("Could not open " . TMROUTECONFIG . ": $!");

523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541
    print RC "#!/bin/sh\n";
    print RC "# auto-generated by libsetup.pm, DO NOT EDIT\n";

    #
    # Now convert static route info into OS route commands
    # Also check for use of gated and remember it.
    #
    my $usegated = 0;
    my $pat;

    #
    # ROUTERTYPE=manual
    # ROUTE DEST=192.168.2.3 DESTTYPE=host DESTMASK=255.255.255.0 \
    #	NEXTHOP=192.168.1.3 COST=0
    #
    $pat = q(ROUTE DEST=([0-9\.]*) DESTTYPE=(\w*) DESTMASK=([0-9\.]*) );
    $pat .= q(NEXTHOP=([0-9\.]*) COST=([0-9]*));

    my $usemanual = 0;
542
    foreach my $line (@stuff) {
543 544 545 546 547
	if ($line =~ /ROUTERTYPE=(gated|ospf)/) {
	    $usegated = 1;
	} elsif ($line =~ /ROUTERTYPE=(manual|static)/) {
	    $usemanual = 1;
	} elsif ($usemanual && $line =~ /$pat/) {
548
	    my $dip   = $1;
549 550
	    my $rtype = $2;
	    my $dmask = $3;
551 552 553
	    my $gate  = $4;
	    my $cost  = $5;
	    my $routearg = inet_ntoa(inet_aton($gate) & inet_aton($dmask));
554

555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562
	    if (! defined($upmap{$routearg})) {
		$upmap{$routearg} = [];
		$downmap{$routearg} = [];
	    }
	    $rcline = os_routing_add_manual($rtype, $dip, $dmask, $gate,$cost);
	    push(@{$upmap{$routearg}}, $rcline);
	    $rcline = os_routing_del_manual($rtype, $dip, $dmask, $gate,$cost);
	    push(@{$downmap{$routearg}}, $rcline);
563 564 565 566 567
	} else {
	    warn "*** WARNING: Bad routing line: $line\n";
	}
    }

568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592
    print RC "case \"\$1\" in\n";
    foreach my $arg (keys(%upmap)) {
	print RC "  $arg)\n";
	print RC "    case \"\$2\" in\n";
	print RC "      up)\n";
	foreach my $rcline (@{$upmap{$arg}}) {
	    print RC "        $rcline\n";
	}
	print RC "      ;;\n";
	print RC "      down)\n";
	foreach my $rcline (@{$downmap{$arg}}) {
	    print RC "        $rcline\n";
	}
	print RC "      ;;\n";
	print RC "    esac\n";
	print RC "  ;;\n";
    }
    print RC "  enable)\n";

    #
    # Turn on IP forwarding
    #
    my $rcline = os_routing_enable_forward();
    print RC "    $rcline\n";

593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601
    #
    # Finally, enable gated if desired.
    #
    # Note that we allow both manually-specified static routes and gated
    # though more work may be needed on the gated config files to make
    # this work (i.e., to import existing kernel routes).
    #
    if ($usegated) {
	$rcline = os_routing_enable_gated();
602
	print RC "    $rcline\n";
603
    }
604 605 606
    print RC "  ;;\n";
    print RC "esac\n";
    print RC "exit 0\n";
607

608
    close(RC);
609
    chmod(0755, TMROUTECONFIG);
610 611 612 613

    return 0;
}

614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636
#
# Host names configuration (/etc/hosts). 
#
sub dohostnames ()
{
    my $TM;

    #
    # Start with fresh copy, since the hosts files is potentially updated
    # after the node boots via the update command.
    # 
    if (system($CP, "-f", TMHOSTS, HOSTSFILE) != 0) {
	printf STDERR "Could not copy default %s into place: $!\n", HOSTSFILE;
	return 1;
    }
    
    $TM = OPENTMCC(TMCCCMD_HOSTS);

    open(HOSTS, ">>" . HOSTSFILE)
	or die("Could not open $HOSTSFILE: $!");

    #
    # Now convert each hostname into hosts file representation and write
637 638 639 640 641
    # it to the hosts file. Note that ALIASES is for backwards compat.
    # Should go away at some point.
    #
    my $pat  = q(NAME=([-\w\.]+) IP=([0-9\.]*) ALIASES=\'([-\w\. ]*)\');
    
642
    while (<$TM>) {
643 644 645 646 647 648
	if ($_ =~ /$pat/) {
	    my $name    = $1;
	    my $ip      = $2;
	    my $aliases = $3;
	    
	    my $hostline = os_etchosts_line($name, $ip, $aliases);
649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656
	    
	    print STDOUT "  $hostline\n";
	    print HOSTS  "$hostline\n";
	}
	else {
	    warn "*** WARNING: Bad hosts line: $_";
	}
    }
657
    CLOSETMCC($TM);
658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665
    close(HOSTS);

    return 0;
}

sub doaccounts ()
{
    my %newaccounts = ();
666 667 668 669
    my %newgroups   = ();
    my %deletes     = ();
    my %PWDDB;
    my %GRPDB;
670 671 672 673

    my $TM = OPENTMCC(TMCCCMD_ACCT);

    #
674 675 676 677 678 679
    # The strategy is to keep a record of all the groups and accounts
    # added by the testbed system so that we know what to remove. We
    # use a vanilla perl dbm for that, one for the groups and one for
    # accounts. 
    #
    # First just get the current set of groups/accounts from tmcd.
680 681 682
    #
    while (<$TM>) {
	if ($_ =~ /^ADDGROUP NAME=([-\@\w.]+) GID=([0-9]+)/) {
683 684 685
	    #
	    # Group info goes in the hash table.
	    #
686 687
	    my $gname = "$1";
	    
688
	    if (REMOTE()) {
689
		$gname = "emu-${gname}";
690
	    }
691
	    $newgroups{"$gname"} = $2
692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700
	}
	elsif ($_ =~ /^ADDUSER LOGIN=([0-9a-z]+)/) {
	    #
	    # Account info goes in the hash table.
	    # 
	    $newaccounts{$1} = $_;
	    next;
	}
	else {
701
	    warn "*** WARNING: Bad accounts line: $_\n";
702 703
	}
    }
704
    CLOSETMCC($TM);
705

706 707 708 709 710 711
    dbmopen(%PWDDB, TMPASSDB, 0660) or
	die("Cannot open " . TMPASSDB . ": $!\n");
	
    dbmopen(%GRPDB, TMGROUPDB, 0660) or
	die("Cannot open " . TMGROUPDB . ": $!\n");

712
    #
713 714
    # Create any groups that do not currently exist. Add each to the
    # DB as we create it.
715
    #
716 717 718 719 720 721
    while (($group, $gid) = each %newgroups) {
	my ($exists,undef,$curgid) = getgrnam($group);
	
	if ($exists) {
	    if ($gid != $curgid) {
		warn "*** WARNING: $group/$gid mismatch with existing group\n";
722
	    }
723
	    next;
724
	}
725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733

	print "Adding group: $group/$gid\n";
	    
	if (os_groupadd($group, $gid)) {
	    warn "*** WARNING: Error adding new group $group/$gid\n";
	    next;
	}
	# Add to DB only if successful. 
	$GRPDB{$group} = $gid;
734 735 736
    }

    #
737 738 739 740
    # Now remove the ones that we created previously, but are now no longer
    # in the group set (as told to us by the TMCD). Note, we cannot delete 
    # them directly from the hash since that would mess up the foreach loop,
    # so just stick them in temp and postpass it.
741
    #
742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757
    while (($group, $gid) = each %GRPDB) {
	if (defined($newgroups{$group})) {
	    next;
	}

	print "Removing group: $group/$gid\n";
	
	if (os_groupdel($group)) {
	    warn "*** WARNING: Error removing group $group/$gid\n";
	    next;
	}
	# Delete from DB only if successful. 
	$deletes{$group} = $gid;
    }
    while (($group, $gid) = each %deletes) {
	delete($GRPDB{$group});
758
    }
759 760 761 762
    %deletes = ();

    # Write the DB back out!
    dbmclose(%GRPDB);
763 764

    #
765 766 767 768 769 770 771
    # Repeat the same sequence for accounts, except we remove old accounts
    # first. 
    # 
    while (($login, $uid) = each %PWDDB) {
	if (defined($newaccounts{$login})) {
	    next;
	}
772

773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812
	my ($exists,undef,$curuid,undef,
	    undef,undef,undef,$homedir) = getpwnam($login);

	#
	# If the account is gone, someone removed it by hand. Remove it
	# from the DB so we do not keep trying.
	#
	if (! defined($exists)) {
	    warn "*** WARNING: Account for $login was already removed!\n";
	    $deletes{$login} = $login;
	    next;
	}

	#
	# Check for mismatch, just in case. If there is a mismatch remove it
	# from the DB so we do not keep trying.
	#
	if ($uid != $curuid) {
	    warn "*** WARNING: ".
		 "Account uid for $login has changed ($uid/$curuid)!\n";
	    $deletes{$login} = $login;
	    next;
	}
	
	print "Removing user: $login\n";
	
	if (os_userdel($login) != 0) {
	    warn "*** WARNING: Error removing user $login\n";
	    next;
	}

	#
	# Remove the home dir. 
	#
	# Must ask for the current home dir in case it came from pw.conf.
	#
	if (defined($homedir) &&
	    index($homedir, "/${login}")) {
	    if (os_homedirdel($login, $homedir) != 0) {
	        warn "*** WARNING: Could not remove homedir $homedir.\n";
813 814
	    }
	}
815 816 817 818 819 820 821
	
	# Delete from DB only if successful. 
	$deletes{$login} = $login;
    }
    
    while (($login, $foo) = each %deletes) {
	delete($PWDDB{$login});
822 823
    }

824
    my $pat = q(ADDUSER LOGIN=([0-9a-z]+) PSWD=([^:]+) UID=(\d+) GID=(.*) );
825 826 827 828
    $pat   .= q(ROOT=(\d) NAME="(.*)" HOMEDIR=(.*) GLIST="(.*)" );
    $pat   .= q(EMULABPUBKEY="(.*)" HOMEPUBKEY="(.*)");

    while (($login, $info) = each %newaccounts) {
829
	if ($info =~ /$pat/) {
830 831 832 833 834 835 836
	    $pswd  = $2;
	    $uid   = $3;
	    $gid   = $4;
	    $root  = $5;
	    $name  = $6;
	    $hdir  = $7;
	    $glist = $8;
837 838
	    $ekey  = $9;
	    $hkey  = $10;
839 840 841
	    if ( $name =~ /^(([^:]+$|^))$/ ) {
		$name = $1;
	    }
842 843 844
	    print "User: $login/$uid/$gid/$root/$name/$hdir/$glist\n";

	    my ($exists,undef,$curuid) = getpwnam($login);
845 846

	    if ($exists) {
847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857
		if (!defined($PWDDB{$login})) {
		    warn "*** WARNING: ".
			 "Skipping since $login existed before EmulabMan!\n";
		    next;
		}
		if ($curuid != $uid) {
		    warn "*** WARNING: ".
			 "$login/$uid uid mismatch with existing login.\n";
		    next;
		}
		print "Updating $login login info.\n";
858 859 860
		os_usermod($login, $gid, "$glist", $root);
		next;
	    }
861
	    print "Adding $login account.\n";
862 863 864 865 866 867

	    if (os_useradd($login, $uid, $gid, $pswd, 
			   "$glist", $hdir, $name, $root)) {
		warn "*** WARNING: Error adding new user $login\n";
		next;
	    }
868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911
	    # Add to DB only if successful. 
	    $PWDDB{$login} = $uid;

	    #
	    # Create .ssh dir and populate it with an authkeys file.
	    # Must ask for the current home dir since we rely on pw.conf.
	    #
	    my (undef,undef,undef,undef,
		undef,undef,undef,$homedir) = getpwuid($uid);
	    my $sshdir = "$homedir/.ssh";
	    
	    if (! -e $sshdir && ($ekey ne "" || $hkey ne "")) {
		if (! mkdir($sshdir, 0700)) {
		    warn("*** WARNING: Could not mkdir $sshdir: $!\n");
		    next;
		}
		if (!chown($uid, $gid, $sshdir)) {
		    warn("*** WARNING: Could not chown $sshdir: $!\n");
		    next;
		}
		if (!open(AUTHKEYS, "> $sshdir/authorized_keys")) {
		    warn("*** WARNING: Could not open $sshdir/keys: $!\n");
		    next;
		}
		if ($ekey ne "") {
		    print AUTHKEYS "$ekey\n";
		}
		if ($hkey ne "") {
		    print AUTHKEYS "$hkey\n";
		}
		close(AUTHKEYS);

		if (!chown($uid, $gid, "$sshdir/authorized_keys")) {
		    warn("*** WARNING: Could not chown $sshdir/keys: $!\n");
		    next;
		}
		if (!chmod(0600, "$sshdir/authorized_keys")) {
		    warn("*** WARNING: Could not chmod $sshdir/keys: $!\n");
		    next;
		}
	    }
	}
	else {
	    warn("*** Bad accounts line: $info\n");
912 913
	}
    }
914 915 916
    # Write the DB back out!
    dbmclose(%PWDDB);

917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930
    return 0;
}

#
# RPM configuration. 
#
sub dorpms ()
{
    my @rpms = ();
    
    my $TM = OPENTMCC(TMCCCMD_RPM);
    while (<$TM>) {
	push(@rpms, $_);
    }
931
    CLOSETMCC($TM);
932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941

    if (! @rpms) {
	return 0;
    }
    
    open(RPM, ">" . TMRPM)
	or die("Could not open " . TMRPM . ": $!");
    print RPM "#!/bin/sh\n";
    
    foreach my $rpm (@rpms) {
942
	if ($rpm =~ /RPM=(.+)/) {
943 944 945 946 947 948 949 950 951 952 953 954 955 956 957 958 959 960 961 962 963 964 965 966 967 968 969
	    my $rpmline = os_rpminstall_line($1);
		    
	    print STDOUT "  $rpmline\n";
	    print RPM    "echo \"Installing RPM $1\"\n";
	    print RPM    "$rpmline\n";
	}
	else {
	    warn "*** WARNING: Bad RPMs line: $rpm";
	}
    }
    close(RPM);
    chmod(0755, TMRPM);

    return 0;
}

#
# TARBALL configuration. 
#
sub dotarballs ()
{
    my @tarballs = ();

    my $TM = OPENTMCC(TMCCCMD_TARBALL);
    while (<$TM>) {
	push(@tarballs, $_);
    }
970
    CLOSETMCC($TM);
971 972 973 974 975 976 977 978 979 980

    if (! @tarballs) {
	return 0;
    }
    
    open(TARBALL, ">" . TMTARBALLS)
	or die("Could not open " . TMTARBALLS . ": $!");
    print TARBALL "#!/bin/sh\n";
    
    foreach my $tarball (@tarballs) {
981
	if ($tarball =~ /DIR=(.+)\s+TARBALL=(.+)/) {
982 983 984 985 986 987 988 989 990 991 992 993 994 995 996 997 998 999 1000 1001 1002 1003 1004 1005 1006 1007 1008 1009
	    my $tbline = sprintf($TARINSTALL, $1, $2);
		    
	    print STDOUT  "  $tbline\n";
	    print TARBALL "echo \"Installing Tarball $2 in dir $1 \"\n";
	    print TARBALL "$tbline\n";
	}
	else {
	    warn "*** WARNING: Bad Tarballs line: $tarball";
	}
    }
    close(TARBALL);
    chmod(0755, TMTARBALLS);

    return 0;
}

#
# Experiment startup Command.
#
sub dostartupcmd ()
{
    my $startupcmd;
    
    my $TM = OPENTMCC(TMCCCMD_STARTUP);
    $_ = <$TM>;
    if (defined($_)) {
	$startupcmd = $_;
    }
1010
    CLOSETMCC($TM);
1011 1012 1013 1014 1015 1016 1017 1018

    if (! $startupcmd) {
	return 0;
    }
    
    open(RUN, ">" . TMSTARTUPCMD)
	or die("Could not open $TMSTARTUPCMD: $!");
    
1019
    if ($startupcmd =~ /CMD=(\'.+\') UID=([0-9a-z]+)/) {
1020 1021 1022 1023 1024 1025 1026 1027 1028 1029 1030 1031 1032
	print  STDOUT "  Will run $1 as $2\n";
	print  RUN    "$startupcmd";
    }
    else {
	warn "*** WARNING: Bad startupcmd line: $startupcmd";
    }

    close(RUN);
    chmod(0755, TMSTARTUPCMD);

    return 0;
}

1033 1034 1035 1036 1037 1038
sub dotrafficconfig()
{
    my $didopen = 0;
    my $pat;
    my $TM;
    my $boss;
1039
    my $startnse = 0;
1040
    
1041 1042 1043 1044 1045 1046 1047 1048 1049
    #
    # Kinda ugly, but there is too much perl goo included by Socket to put it
    # on the MFS. 
    # 
    if (MFS()) {
	return 1;
    }
    require Socket;
    import Socket;
1050 1051
    
    $TM = OPENTMCC(TMCCCMD_BOSSINFO);
1052 1053 1054 1055 1056 1057 1058 1059 1060 1061 1062 1063
    my $bossinfo = <$TM>;
    ($boss) = split(" ", $bossinfo);

    #
    # XXX hack: workaround for tmcc cmd failure inside TCL
    #     storing the output of a few tmcc commands in
    #     $SETUPDIR files for use by NSE
    #    
    open( BOSSINFCFG, ">$SETUPDIR/tmcc.bossinfo"  ) or die "Cannot open file $SETUPDIR/tmcc.bossinfo: $!";
    print BOSSINFCFG "$bossinfo";
    close(BOSSINFCFG);

1064
    CLOSETMCC($TM);
1065 1066 1067 1068 1069 1070
    my ($pid, $eid, $vname) = check_status();

    my $cmdline = "$SETUPDIR/trafgen -s $boss";
    if ($pid) {
	$cmdline .= " -E $pid/$eid";
    }
1071

1072 1073 1074 1075 1076 1077 1078 1079 1080 1081 1082 1083 1084 1085 1086 1087
    #
    # XXX hack: workaround for tmcc cmd failure inside TCL
    #     storing the output of a few tmcc commands in
    #     $SETUPDIR files for use by NSE
    #
    my $record_sep;

    $record_sep = $/;
    undef($/);
    $TM = OPENTMCC(TMCCCMD_IFC);
    open( IFCFG, ">$SETUPDIR/tmcc.ifconfig"  ) or die "Cannot open file $SETUPDIR/tmcc.ifconfig: $!";
    print IFCFG <$TM>;
    close(IFCFG);
    CLOSETMCC($TM);
    $/ = $record_sep;

1088 1089
    $TM = OPENTMCC(TMCCCMD_TRAFFIC);

1090 1091
    open( TRAFCFG, ">$SETUPDIR/tmcc.trafgens"  ) or die "Cannot open file $SETUPDIR/tmcc.trafgens: $!";    
    
1092
    $pat  = q(TRAFGEN=([-\w.]+) MYNAME=([-\w.]+) MYPORT=(\d+) );
1093
    $pat .= q(PEERNAME=([-\w.]+) PEERPORT=(\d+) );
1094
    $pat .= q(PROTO=(\w+) ROLE=(\w+) GENERATOR=(\w+));
1095 1096

    while (<$TM>) {
1097 1098

	print TRAFCFG "$_";
1099 1100 1101
	if ($_ =~ /$pat/) {
	    #
	    # The following is specific to the modified TG traffic generator:
1102 1103 1104 1105 1106
	    #
	    #  trafgen [-s serverip] [-p serverport] [-l logfile] \
	    #	     [ -N name ] [-P proto] [-R role] [ -E pid/eid ] \
	    #	     [ -S srcip.srcport ] [ -T targetip.targetport ]
	    #
1107 1108
	    # N.B. serverport is not needed right now
	    #
1109 1110 1111 1112 1113 1114 1115 1116
	    my $name = $1;
	    my $ownaddr = inet_ntoa(my $ipaddr = gethostbyname($2));
	    my $ownport = $3;
	    my $peeraddr = inet_ntoa($ipaddr = gethostbyname($4));
	    my $peerport = $5;
	    my $proto = $6;
	    my $role = $7;
	    my $generator = $8;
1117
	    my $target;
1118
	    my $source;
1119

1120 1121 1122
	    # Skip if not specified as a TG generator. At some point
	    # work in Shashi's NSE work.
	    if ($generator ne "TG") {
1123 1124 1125 1126 1127 1128 1129
		$startnse = 1;
		if (! $didopen) {
		    open(RC, ">" . TMTRAFFICCONFIG)
			or die("Could not open " . TMTRAFFICCONFIG . ": $!");
		    print RC "#!/bin/sh\n";
		    $didopen = 1;
		}
1130 1131 1132
		next;
	    }

1133 1134
	    if ($role eq "sink") {
		$target = "$ownaddr.$ownport";
1135
		$source = "$peeraddr.$peerport";
1136 1137 1138
	    }
	    else {
		$target = "$peeraddr.$peerport";
1139
		$source = "$ownaddr.$ownport";
1140 1141 1142 1143 1144 1145 1146 1147
	    }

	    if (! $didopen) {
		open(RC, ">" . TMTRAFFICCONFIG)
		    or die("Could not open " . TMTRAFFICCONFIG . ": $!");
		print RC "#!/bin/sh\n";
		$didopen = 1;
	    }
1148
	    print RC "$cmdline -N $name -S $source -T $target -P $proto -R $role >/tmp/${name}-${pid}-${eid}.debug 2>&1 &\n";
1149 1150 1151 1152 1153
	}
	else {
	    warn "*** WARNING: Bad traffic line: $_";
	}
    }
1154
    close(TRAFCFG);
1155 1156 1157 1158

    if( $startnse ) {
	print RC "$SETUPDIR/startnse &\n";
    }
1159
    CLOSETMCC($TM);
1160

1161
    open( NSECFG, ">$SETUPDIR/tmcc.nseconfigs" ) or die "Cannot open file $SETUPDIR/tmcc.nseconfigs: $!";
1162 1163
    # XXX hack: need a separate section for starting up NSE when we
    #           support simulated nodes
1164 1165 1166 1167
    if( ! $startnse ) {

	# start NSE if 'tmcc nseconfigs' is not empty
	$TM = OPENTMCC(TMCCCMD_NSECONFIGS);
1168 1169 1170 1171 1172 1173 1174 1175
	$record_sep = $/;
	undef($/);
	my $nseconfig = <$TM>;
	$/ = $record_sep;
	
	if( $nseconfig ) {

	    print NSECFG $nseconfig;
1176 1177 1178 1179 1180 1181 1182 1183
	    if ( ! $didopen ) {
		open(RC, ">" . TMTRAFFICCONFIG)
		    or die("Could not open " . TMTRAFFICCONFIG . ": $!");
		print RC "#!/bin/sh\n";
		$didopen = 1;	
	    }
	    print RC "$SETUPDIR/startnse &\n";
	}
1184
	CLOSETMCC($TM)
1185
    }
1186
    close(NSECFG);
1187
    
1188
    if ($didopen) {
1189
	printf RC "%s %s\n", TMCC(), TMCCCMD_READY();
1190 1191 1192 1193 1194 1195
	close(RC);
	chmod(0755, TMTRAFFICCONFIG);
    }
    return 0;
}

1196 1197 1198 1199 1200 1201 1202 1203 1204 1205 1206 1207 1208 1209 1210 1211 1212 1213 1214 1215 1216
sub dotunnels()
{
    my @tunnels;
    my $pat;
    my $TM;
    my $didserver = 0;

    #
    # Kinda ugly, but there is too much perl goo included by Socket to put it
    # on the MFS. 
    # 
    if (MFS()) {
	return 1;
    }
    require Socket;
    import Socket;
    
    $TM = OPENTMCC(TMCCCMD_TUNNEL);
    while (<$TM>) {
	push(@tunnels, $_);
    }
1217
    CLOSETMCC($TM);
1218 1219 1220 1221 1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239 1240 1241 1242 1243 1244 1245 1246 1247 1248 1249 1250 1251 1252 1253 1254 1255 1256 1257 1258 1259 1260 1261 1262 1263 1264 1265 1266 1267 1268 1269 1270 1271 1272 1273 1274 1275 1276 1277 1278 1279 1280 1281 1282 1283 1284 1285 1286 1287 1288 1289 1290 1291 1292 1293 1294 1295 1296 1297 1298 1299 1300 1301 1302 1303 1304 1305 1306 1307 1308 1309 1310 1311 1312 1313 1314

    if (! @tunnels) {
	return 0;
    }
    my ($pid, $eid, $vname) = check_status();

    open(RC, ">" . TMTUNNELCONFIG)
	or die("Could not open " . TMTUNNELCONFIG . ": $!");
    print RC "#!/bin/sh\n";
    print RC "kldload if_tap\n";

    open(CONF, ">" . TMVTUNDCONFIG)
	or die("Could not open " . TMVTUNDCONFIG . ": $!");

    print(CONF
	  "options {\n".
	  "  ifconfig    /sbin/ifconfig;\n".
	  "  route       /sbin/route;\n".
	  "}\n".
	  "\n".
	  "default {\n".
	  "  persist     yes;\n".
	  "  stat        yes;\n".
	  "  keepalive   yes;\n".
	  "  type        ether;\n".
	  "}\n".
	  "\n");
    
    $pat  = q(TUNNEL=([-\w.]+) ISSERVER=(\d) PEERIP=([-\w.]+) );
    $pat .= q(PEERPORT=(\d+) PASSWORD=([-\w.]+) );
    $pat .= q(ENCRYPT=(\d) COMPRESS=(\d) INET=([-\w.]+) );
    $pat .= q(MASK=([-\w.]+) PROTO=([-\w.]+));

    foreach my $tunnel (@tunnels) {
	if ($tunnel =~ /$pat/) {
	    #
	    # The following is specific to vtund!
	    #
	    my $name     = $1;
	    my $isserver = $2;
	    my $peeraddr = $3;
	    my $peerport = $4;
	    my $password = $5;
	    my $encrypt  = ($6 ? "yes" : "no");
	    my $compress = ($7 ? "yes" : "no");
	    my $inetip   = $8;
	    my $mask     = $9;
	    my $proto    = $10;
	    my $routearg = inet_ntoa(inet_aton($inetip) & inet_aton($mask));

	    my $cmd = "$VTUND -n -P $peerport -f ". TMVTUNDCONFIG;

	    if ($isserver) {
		if (!$didserver) {
		    print RC
			"$cmd -s >/tmp/vtund-${pid}-${eid}.debug 2>&1 &\n";
		    $didserver = 1;
		}
	    }
	    else {
		print RC "$cmd $name $peeraddr ".
		    " >/tmp/vtun-${pid}-${eid}-${name}.debug 2>&1 &\n";
	    }
	    #
	    # Sheesh, vtund fails if it sees "//" in a path. 
	    #
	    my $config = TMROUTECONFIG;
	    $config =~ s/\/\//\//g;
	    
	    print(CONF
		  "$name {\n".
		  "  password      $password;\n".
		  "  compress      $compress;\n".
		  "  encrypt       $encrypt;\n".
		  "  proto         $proto;\n".
		  "\n".
		  "  up {\n".
		  "    # Connection is Up\n".
		  "    ifconfig \"%% $inetip netmask $mask\";\n".
		  "    program " . $config . " \"$routearg up\" wait;\n".
		  "  };\n".
		  "  down {\n".
		  "    # Connection is Down\n".
		  "    ifconfig \"%% down\";\n".
		  "    program " . $config . " \"$routearg down\" wait;\n".
		  "  };\n".
		  "}\n\n");
	}
	else {
	    warn "*** WARNING: Bad tunnel line: $tunnel";
	}
    }

    close(RC);
    chmod(0755, TMTUNNELCONFIG);
    return 0;
}
1315

1316 1317 1318 1319 1320 1321 1322 1323 1324 1325 1326 1327 1328 1329 1330 1331 1332
#
# Boot Startup code. This is invoked from the setup OS dependent script,
# and this fires up all the stuff above.
#
sub bootsetup()
{
    #
    # Inform the master that we have rebooted.
    #
    inform_reboot();

    #
    # Check allocation. Exit now if not allocated.
    #
    print STDOUT "Checking Testbed reservation status ... \n";
    if (! check_status()) {
	print STDOUT "  Free!\n";
1333
	cleanup_node(1);
1334 1335 1336 1337
	return 0;
    }
    print STDOUT "  Allocated! $pid/$eid/$vname\n";

1338 1339 1340 1341 1342
    #
    # Cleanup node. Flag indicates to gently clean ...
    # 
    cleanup_node(0);

1343 1344 1345 1346 1347 1348 1349 1350 1351 1352 1353 1354 1355 1356 1357 1358 1359
    #
    # Setup a nicknames file. 
    #
    create_nicknames();

    #
    # Mount the project and user directories
    #
    print STDOUT "Mounting project and home directories ... \n";
    domounts();

    #
    # Do account stuff.
    # 
    print STDOUT "Checking Testbed group/user configuration ... \n";
    doaccounts();

1360 1361 1362 1363 1364 1365
    if (! MFS()) {
	#
	# Okay, lets find out about interfaces.
	#
	print STDOUT "Checking Testbed interface configuration ... \n";
	doifconfig();
1366

1367 1368 1369 1370 1371 1372
        #
        # Do tunnels
        # 
        print STDOUT "Checking Testbed tunnel configuration ... \n";
        dotunnels();

1373 1374 1375 1376 1377
	#
	# Host names configuration (/etc/hosts). 
	#
	print STDOUT "Checking Testbed hostnames configuration ... \n";
	dohostnames();
1378

1379 1380 1381 1382 1383
	#
	# Router Configuration.
	#
	print STDOUT "Checking Testbed routing configuration ... \n";
	dorouterconfig();
1384

1385 1386 1387 1388 1389 1390 1391
	#
	# Make 32 BPF devices in /dev
	#
	select STDOUT; $| = 1;
	print STDOUT "Making /dev/bpf* devices ...";
	makebpfdevs();
	
1392 1393 1394 1395 1396 1397 1398 1399 1400 1401 1402 1403 1404 1405 1406 1407 1408 1409
	#
	# Traffic generator Configuration.
	#
	print STDOUT "Checking Testbed traffic generation configuration ...\n";
	dotrafficconfig();

	#
	# RPMS
	# 
	print STDOUT "Checking Testbed RPM configuration ... \n";
	dorpms();

	#
	# Tar Balls
	# 
	print STDOUT "Checking Testbed Tarball configuration ... \n";
	dotarballs();
    }
1410 1411 1412 1413 1414 1415